Daphnis et Chloé

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This article is about the Fokine ballet to Ravel's music. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_0

For the original story, see Daphnis and Chloe. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_1

For the operetta by Jacques Offenbach, see Daphnis et Chloé (Offenbach). Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_2

Daphnis et Chloé_table_infobox_0

Daphnis et ChloéDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_0_0
ChoreographerDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_1_0 Michel FokineDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_1_1
MusicDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_2_0 Maurice RavelDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_2_1
Based onDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_3_0 Longus' Daphnis and ChloeDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_3_1
PremiereDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_4_0 8 June 1912

Théâtre du Châtelet ParisDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_4_1

Original ballet companyDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_5_0 Ballets RussesDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_5_1
CharactersDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_6_0 Daphnis, ChloéDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_6_1
DesignDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_7_0 Léon BakstDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_7_1
SettingDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_8_0 Ancient GreeceDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_8_1
Created forDaphnis et Chloé_header_cell_0_9_0 Vaslav Nijinsky and Tamara KarsavinaDaphnis et Chloé_cell_0_9_1

Daphnis et Chloé is a ballet in one act with three parts (scenes) by Maurice Ravel described as a "symphonie chorégraphique" (choreographic symphony). Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_3

The scenario was adapted by Michel Fokine from a romance by the Greek writer Longus thought to date from around the 2nd century AD. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_4

Scott Goddard published a contemporary commentary that discussed the changes to the story that Fokine made to prepare a workable ballet scenario. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_5

The story concerns the love between the goatherd Daphnis and the shepherdess Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_6

Ravel began work on the score in 1909 after a commission from Sergei Diaghilev. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_7

It was premiered at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris by his Ballets Russes on 8 June 1912. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_8

The orchestra was conducted by Pierre Monteux, the choreography was by Michel Fokine, and Vaslav Nijinsky and Tamara Karsavina danced the parts of Daphnis and Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_9

Léon Bakst designed the original sets. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_10

At almost an hour long, Daphnis et Chloé is Ravel's longest work. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_11

In spite of the ballet's duration, four discernible leitmotifs give musical unity to the score. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_12

The music, some of the composer's most passionate, is widely regarded as some of Ravel's best, with extraordinarily lush harmonies typical of the impressionist movement in music. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_13

Even during the composer's lifetime, contemporary commentators described this ballet as his masterpiece for orchestra. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_14

Ravel extracted music from the ballet to make two orchestral suites, which can be performed with or without the chorus. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_15

The second of the suites, which includes much of the last part of the ballet and concludes with the "Danse générale", is particularly popular. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_16

When the complete work is itself performed live, it is more often in concerts than in staged productions. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_17

Instrumentation Daphnis et Chloé_section_0

Daphnis et Chloé is scored for a large orchestra consisting of: Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_18

Scenario Daphnis et Chloé_section_1

Part I Daphnis et Chloé_section_2

On the island of Lesbos, in a meadow at the edge of a sacred wood stands a grotto hewn out of rock, at the entrance of which is an antique sculpture of three Nymphs. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_19

Somewhat toward the background, to the left, a large rock vaguely resembles the form of the god Pan. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_20

In the background sheep are grazing. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_21

It is a bright spring afternoon. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_22

When the curtain rises, the stage is empty. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_23

Youths and girls enter, carrying gifts for the Nymphs in baskets. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_24

Gradually the stage fills. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_25

The group bows before the altar of the Nymphs. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_26

The girls drape the pedestals with garlands. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_27

In the far background, Daphnis is seen following his flock. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_28

Chloé joins him. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_29

They proceed toward the altar and disappear at a bend. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_30

Daphnis and Chloé enter at the foreground and bow before the Nymphs. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_31

The girls entice Daphnis and dance around him. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_32

Chloé feels the first twinges of jealousy. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_33

At that moment she is swept into the dance of the youths. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_34

The cowherd Dorcon proves to be especially bold. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_35

Daphnis in turn seems upset. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_36

At the end of the dance, Dorcon tries to kiss Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_37

She innocently offers her cheek, but with an abrupt motion Daphnis pushes aside the cowherd and approaches Chloé affectionately. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_38

The youths intervene. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_39

They position themselves in front of Chloé and gently lead Daphnis away. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_40

One of them proposes a dance contest between Daphnis and Dorcon. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_41

A kiss from Chloé will be the victor’s prize. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_42

The group sarcastically imitates the clumsy movements of the cowherd, who ends his dance in the midst of general laughter. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_43

Everyone invites Daphnis to accept his reward. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_44

Dorcon comes forward as well, but he is chased off by the group, accompanied by loud laughter. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_45

The laughter ceases at the sight of the radiant group formed by the embracing Daphnis and Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_46

The group withdraws, taking along Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_47

Daphnis remains, immobile, as if in ecstasy. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_48

Then he lies face down in the grass, his face in his hands. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_49

Lyceion enters. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_50

She notices the young shepherd, approaches, and raises his head, placing her hands over his eyes. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_51

Daphnis thinks this is a game of Chloé’s but he recognizes Lyceion and tries to pull away. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_52

As though inadvertently, she drops one of her veils. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_53

Daphnis picks it up and places it back on her shoulders. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_54

She resumes her dance, which, at first more languorous, becomes steadily more animated until the end. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_55

Another veil slips to the ground, and is again retrieved by Daphnis. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_56

Vexed, she runs off mocking him, leaving the young shepherd very disturbed. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_57

Warlike sounds and war cries are heard, coming nearer. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_58

In the middle ground, women run across the stage, pursued by pirates. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_59

Daphnis thinks of Chloé, perhaps in danger, and runs off to save her. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_60

Chloé hastens on in panic, seeking shelter. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_61

She throws herself before the altar of the Nymphs, beseeching their protection. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_62

A group of brigands burst on stage, capture the girl and carry her off. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_63

Daphnis enters looking for Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_64

He discovers on the ground a sandal that she lost in the struggle. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_65

Mad with despair, he curses the deities who were unable to protect the girl, and falls swooning at the entrance of the grotto. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_66

As night falls, an unnatural light suffuses the landscape. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_67

A little flow shines suddenly from the head of one of the statues. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_68

The Nymph comes to life and descends from her pedestal, followed by the second and then the third Nymph. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_69

They consult together and begin a slow and mysterious dance. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_70

They notice Daphnis, bend down and dry his tears. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_71

They revive him and lead him toward the large rock, and invoke the god Pan. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_72

Gradually the form of the god is outlined. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_73

Daphnis prostrates himself in supplication. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_74

Part II Daphnis et Chloé_section_3

Voices are heard from off stage, at first very distant. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_75

A trumpet calls and the voices come nearer. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_76

There is a dull glimmer. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_77

The setting is the pirate camp on a very rugged seacoast, with the sea as the background. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_78

To the right and left is a view of large crags. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_79

A trireme is seen near the shore and there are cypresses present. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_80

Pirates are seen running to and fro carrying plunder. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_81

More and more torches are brought, which illuminate the scene. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_82

Bryaxis commands that the captive be brought. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_83

Chloé, her hands tied, is led in by two pirates. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_84

Bryaxis orders her to dance. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_85

Chloé performs a dance of supplication. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_86

She tries to flee, but she is brought back violently. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_87

Despairing, she resumes her dance. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_88

Again she tries to escape but is brought back again. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_89

She abandons herself to despair, thinking of Daphnis. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_90

Bryaxis tries to carry her off. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_91

Although she beseeches, the leader carries her off triumphantly. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_92

Suddenly the atmosphere seems charged with strange elements. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_93

Various places are lit by invisible hands, and little flames flare up. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_94

Fantastic beings crawl or leap here and there, and satyrs appear from every side and surround the brigands. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_95

The earth opens and the fearsome shadow of Pan is outlined on the hills in the background, making a threatening gesture. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_96

Everyone flees in horror. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_97

Part III Daphnis et Chloé_section_4

Morning at the grotto of the Nymphs. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_98

There is no sound but the murmur of rivulets produced by the dew that trickles from the rocks. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_99

Daphnis lies, still unconscious, at the entrance of the grotto. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_100

Gradually the day breaks. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_101

The songs of birds are heard. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_102

Far off, a shepherd passes with his flock. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_103

Another shepherd crosses in the background. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_104

A group of herdsmen enters looking for Daphnis and Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_105

They discover Daphnis and wake him. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_106

Anxiously he looks around for Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_107

She appears at last, surrounded by shepherdesses. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_108

They throw themselves into each other’s arms. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_109

Daphnis notices Chloé’s wreath. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_110

His dream was a prophetic vision. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_111

The intervention of Pan is manifest. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_112

The old shepherd Lammon explains that, if Pan has saved Chloé, it is in memory of the nymph Syrinx, whom the god once loved. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_113

Daphnis and Chloé mime the tale of Pan and Syrinx. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_114

Chloé plays the young nymph wandering in the meadow. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_115

Daphnis as Pan appears and declares his love. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_116

The nymph rebuffs him. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_117

The god becomes more insistent. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_118

She disappears into the reeds. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_119

In despair, he picks several stalks to form a flute and plays a melancholy air. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_120

Chloé reappears and interprets through her dance the accents of his flute. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_121

The dance becomes more and more animated, and in a mad whirling, Chloé falls into Daphnis’s arms. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_122

Before the altar of the Nymphs, he pledges his love, offering a sacrifice of two sheep. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_123

A group of girls enters dressed as bacchantes, shaking tambourines. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_124

Daphnis and Chloé embrace tenderly. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_125

A group of youths rushes on stage and the ballet ends with a bacchanale. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_126

Structure Daphnis et Chloé_section_5

Part I Daphnis et Chloé_section_6

Daphnis et Chloé_unordered_list_0

  • Introduction et Danse religieuseDaphnis et Chloé_item_0_0
  • Danse généraleDaphnis et Chloé_item_0_1
  • Danse grotesque de DorconDaphnis et Chloé_item_0_2
  • Danse légère et gracieuse de DaphnisDaphnis et Chloé_item_0_3
  • Danse de LycéionDaphnis et Chloé_item_0_4
  • Danse lente et mystérieuse des NymphesDaphnis et Chloé_item_0_5

Part II Daphnis et Chloé_section_7

Daphnis et Chloé_unordered_list_1

  • IntroductionDaphnis et Chloé_item_1_6
  • Danse guerrièreDaphnis et Chloé_item_1_7
  • Danse suppliante de ChloéDaphnis et Chloé_item_1_8

Part III Daphnis et Chloé_section_8

Daphnis et Chloé_unordered_list_2

  • Lever du jourDaphnis et Chloé_item_2_9
  • Pantomime (Les amours de Pan et Syrinx)Daphnis et Chloé_item_2_10
  • Danse générale (Bacchanale)Daphnis et Chloé_item_2_11

In popular culture Daphnis et Chloé_section_9

Music Daphnis et Chloé_section_10

Trumpeter Harry James, in his 1942 arrangement of Eric Coates's By the Sleepy Lagoon, made use of the "Lever du jour" from Daphnis et Chloé for its opening theme. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_127

The title song ("You can see forever") from the musical On a Clear Day is similar to, and perhaps based upon, the "Dawn" passage in the second Suite from Daphnis et Chloé. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_128

Sports Daphnis et Chloé_section_11

In 2002 American figure skater Sarah Hughes won an Olympic gold medal skating to selections from Daphnis et Chloé at the XIX Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City. Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_129

Literature Daphnis et Chloé_section_12

In Richard Matheson's novella I Am Legend, the protagonist, Robert Neville listens to the suite after discovering the bacteria "vampirus." Daphnis et Chloé_sentence_130

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daphnis et Chloé.