Darek Fidyka

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Darek Fidyka_table_infobox_0

Darek FidykaDarek Fidyka_header_cell_0_0_0
BornDarek Fidyka_header_cell_0_1_0 c.1974Darek Fidyka_cell_0_1_1
NationalityDarek Fidyka_header_cell_0_2_0 PolishDarek Fidyka_cell_0_2_1
OccupationDarek Fidyka_header_cell_0_3_0 Volunteer firefighterDarek Fidyka_cell_0_3_1
Known forDarek Fidyka_header_cell_0_4_0 First person to fully recover from paraplegiaDarek Fidyka_cell_0_4_1

Darek Fidyka (born c.1974) is a Polish firefighter and recovering paraplegic who became the first person in history to verifiably recover sensory and motor function after the complete severing of his spinal cord. Darek Fidyka_sentence_0

Having been paralysed from the chest down in a knife attack in 2010, Fidyka regained the ability to walk in 2014 after receiving a pioneering regenerative treatment from a British-advised Polish surgical team. Darek Fidyka_sentence_1

Biography Darek Fidyka_section_0

Pioneering spinal surgery Darek Fidyka_section_1

In 2012, Fidyka began receiving treatment from a collaborative team of Polish surgeons and researchers, in collaboration with British scientists based at UCL's Institute of Neurology, who used a pioneering technique, based on research by Geoffrey Raisman, to repair the damage to his spinal nerves. Darek Fidyka_sentence_2

Prior to this, Fidyka had no feeling in his lower body and remained unable to walk, despite undergoing an intensive rehabilitatory physiotherapy program. Darek Fidyka_sentence_3

The treatment consisted of intensive pre-operative and post-operative rehabilitation and a clinical procedure, conducted by surgeons and researchers at Wrocław Medical University in collaboration with University College London's Institute of Neurology. Darek Fidyka_sentence_4

The surgical part of the project was funded by The Nicholls Spinal Injury Foundation who also supported the UK research, along with UK Stem Cell Foundation. Darek Fidyka_sentence_5

The Polish surgical team, led by the neurosurgeon Pawel Tabakow, extracted olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) from Fidyka's olfactory bulbs and grew a cell culture sufficient to repair his damaged spinal nerves, exploiting the OECs' ability to renew damaged nerve fibres. Darek Fidyka_sentence_6

Nerve fibres from Fidyka's ankle were surgically implanted in his damaged spinal cord to provide a framework for the OECs, which were then implanted above and below the damaged area in a series of 100 separate micro-injections. Darek Fidyka_sentence_7

The OECs gradually regenerated Fidyka's severed nerve fibres, restoring his sensory and motor functions. Darek Fidyka_sentence_8

Darek Fidyka lives for the most part of year and has been rehabilitating in the "Akson" Neuro-Rehabilitation Center for the Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries in Wroclaw, that is affiliated with Wroclaw Medical University. Darek Fidyka_sentence_9

In March 2016, the medical centre that helped Fidyka regain neural function of his limbs announced they are looking for two people to help confirm the treatment in a trial that will be independently assessed. Darek Fidyka_sentence_10

Recovery Darek Fidyka_section_2

Fidyka began to regain strength in his thigh muscles three months after receiving the treatment, and was able to walk in a very limited fashion within six months. Darek Fidyka_sentence_11

In October 2014, after two years of further rehabilitation, he was able to walk outside of the hospital with the assistance of a frame, could drive a car, and had also regained some bladder and bowel control and sexual function. Darek Fidyka_sentence_12

Fidyka subsequently featured in the BBC Panorama episode "To Walk Again", which led to him receiving thousands of messages from other paraplegics seeking the same treatment. Darek Fidyka_sentence_13

In February 2015, Fidyka visited the UK to participate in Arsenal F.C.'s guard of honour and raise money for the Nicholls Spinal Injury Foundation. Darek Fidyka_sentence_14

As of 2016, Fidyka could cycle a tricycle. Darek Fidyka_sentence_15

See also Darek Fidyka_section_3

Darek Fidyka_unordered_list_0

  • Geoffrey Raisman, one of the leading researchers involved in Fidyka's treatmentDarek Fidyka_item_0_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darek Fidyka.