Democratic Party (United States)

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For other uses, see Democratic Party (disambiguation). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_0

Democratic Party (United States)_table_infobox_0

Democratic PartyDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_0_0
ChairpersonDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_1_0 Tom Perez (MD)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_1_1
U.S. President-electDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_2_0 Joe Biden (DE)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_2_1
U.S. Vice President-electDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_3_0 Kamala Harris (CA)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_3_1
Speaker of the HouseDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_4_0 Nancy Pelosi (CA)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_4_1
Senate Minority LeaderDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_5_0 Chuck Schumer (NY)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_5_1
FoundersDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_6_0 Andrew Jackson

Martin Van BurenDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_0_6_1

FoundedDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_7_0 January 8, 1828; 192 years ago (1828-01-08)

Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_7_1

Preceded byDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_8_0 Democratic-Republican PartyDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_0_8_1
HeadquartersDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_9_0 430 South Capitol St. SE,

Washington, D.C., 20003Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_9_1

Student wingDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_10_0 High School Democrats of America

College Democrats of AmericaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_0_10_1

Youth wingDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_11_0 Young Democrats of AmericaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_0_11_1
Women's wingDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_12_0 National Federation of Democratic WomenDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_0_12_1
Overseas wingDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_13_0 Democrats AbroadDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_0_13_1
Membership (2020)Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_14_0 47,106,084Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_14_1
IdeologyDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_15_0 Majority:

  Modern liberalism   Social liberalism Factions:   Centrism   Conservatism   Populism   Progressivism   Social democracyDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_0_15_1

ColorsDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_16_0 BlueDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_0_16_1
SenateDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_17_0 46 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_17_1
House of RepresentativesDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_18_0 233 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_18_1
State GovernorshipsDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_19_0 24 / 50Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_19_1
State Upper ChambersDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_20_0 874 / 1,972Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_20_1
State Lower ChambersDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_21_0 2,579 / 5,411Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_21_1
Territorial GovernorshipsDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_22_0 4 / 6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_22_1
Territorial Upper Chamber SeatsDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_23_0 31 / 97Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_23_1
Territorial Lower Chamber SeatsDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_24_0 0 / 91Democratic Party (United States)_cell_0_24_1
Election symbolDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_25_0
WebsiteDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_0_26_0

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its main, historic rival, the Republican Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_1

Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_2

Before 1860, the party supported limited government and state sovereignty while opposing a national bank and high tariffs. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_3

In the late 19th century, it continued to oppose high tariffs and had bitter internal debates on the gold standard. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_4

In the early 20th century, it supported progressive reforms and opposed imperialism. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_5

Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_6

Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist wings; following the New Deal, however, the conservative wing of the party largely withered outside the South. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_7

The New Deal coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_8

After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the core bases of the two parties shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_9

The once-powerful labor union element became smaller after the 1970s, although the working class remains an important component of the Democratic base. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_10

People living in urban areas, women, college graduates, and millennials, as well as sexual, religious, and racial minorities, also tend to support the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_11

The Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism blends notions of civil liberty and social equality with support for a mixed economy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_12

In Congress, the party is a big-tent coalition with influential centrist, progressive, and conservative wings. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_13

Corporate governance reform, environmental protection, support for organized labor, expansion of social programs, affordable college tuition, universal health care, equal opportunity, and consumer protection form the core of the party's economic agenda. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_14

On social issues, it advocates campaign finance reform, LGBT rights, criminal justice and immigration reform, stricter gun laws, abortion rights, and the legalization of marijuana. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_15

15 Democrats have served as President of the United States. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_16

The first was Andrew Jackson, who was the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_17

The most recent was Barack Obama, who was the 44th and held office from 2009 to 2017. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_18

In the 2020 United States presidential election, Democrat Joe Biden became President-elect of the United States; he will be inaugurated as the 46th president in January 2021. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_19

As of 2020, the party holds a majority in the U.S. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_20

House of Representatives, the mayoralty of most major cities, 24 state governorships, 19 state legislatures, and 15 state government trifectas (governorship and both legislative chambers). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_21

Three of the nine sitting justices on the U.S. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_22

Supreme Court were appointed by Democratic presidents. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_23

History Democratic Party (United States)_section_0

Main article: History of the Democratic Party (United States) Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_24

Democratic Party officials often trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_25

That party also inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_26

Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party truly arose in the 1830s with the election of Andrew Jackson. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_27

Since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has generally positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_28

Democrats have been more liberal on civil rights since 1948, although conservative factions which opposed them persisted in the South until the 1960s. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_29

On foreign policy, both parties have changed position several times. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_30

Background Democratic Party (United States)_section_1

The Democratic Party evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican or Democratic-Republican Party organized by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to the Federalist Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_31

The Democratic-Republican Party favored republicanism; a weak federal government; states' rights; agrarian interests (especially Southern planters); and strict adherence to the Constitution. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_32

The party opposed a national bank and Great Britain. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_33

After the War of 1812, the Federalists virtually disappeared and the only national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans, which was prone to splinter along regional lines. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_34

The era of one-party rule in the United States, known as the Era of Good Feelings, lasted from 1816 until 1828 when Andrew Jackson became president. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_35

Jackson and Martin Van Buren worked with allies in each state to form a new Democratic Party on a national basis. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_36

In the 1830s the rivals coalesced into the main rival to the Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_37

19th century Democratic Party (United States)_section_2

The Democratic-Republican Party split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_38

The faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the modern Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_39

As Norton explains the transformation in 1828: Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_40

Behind the platforms issued by state and national parties stood a widely shared political outlook that characterized the Democrats: Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_41

Opposing factions led by Henry Clay helped form the Whig Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_42

The Democratic Party had a small yet decisive advantage over the Whigs until the 1850s, when the Whigs fell apart over the issue of slavery. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_43

In 1854, angry with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Democrats left the party and joined Northern Whigs to form the Republican Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_44

The Democrats split over the choice of a successor to President James Buchanan along Northern and Southern lines as factions of the party provided two separate candidacies for president in the election of 1860, in which the Republican Party gained ascendancy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_45

The radical pro-slavery Fire-Eaters led a walkout both at the April Democratic convention in Charleston's Institute Hall and at the June convention in Baltimore when the national party would not adopt a resolution supporting the extension of slavery into territories even if the voters of those territories did not want it. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_46

These Southern Democrats nominated the pro-slavery incumbent Vice President, John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky, for President and General Joseph Lane, former Governor of Oregon, for vice president. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_47

The Northern Democrats nominated Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois for president and former Governor of Georgia Herschel V. Johnson for vice president while some Southern Democrats joined the Constitutional Union Party, backing its nominees (who had both been prominent Whig leaders), John Bell of Tennessee for president and the politician, statesman and educator Edward Everett of Massachusetts for Vice President. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_48

This fracturing of the Democrats led to a Republican victory and Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th President of the United States. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_49

As the American Civil War broke out, Northern Democrats were divided into War Democrats and Peace Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_50

The Confederate States of America, whose political leadership, mindful of the prevalent in antebellum American politics and with a pressing need for unity, largely viewed political parties as inimical to good governance and consequently the Confederacy had none or at least none with the wide organization inherent to other American parties. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_51

Most War Democrats rallied to Republican President Abraham Lincoln and the Republicans' National Union Party in the election of 1864, which featured Andrew Johnson on the Republican ticket even though he was a Democrat from the South. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_52

Johnson replaced Lincoln in 1865, but he stayed independent of both parties. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_53

The Democrats benefited from white Southerners' resentment of Reconstruction after the war and consequent hostility to the Republican Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_54

After Redeemers ended Reconstruction in the 1870s and following the often extremely violent disenfranchisement of African Americans led by such white supremacist Democratic politicians as Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina in the 1880s and 1890s, the South, voting Democratic, became known as the "Solid South." Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_55

Although Republicans won all but two presidential elections, the Democrats remained competitive. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_56

The party was dominated by pro-business Bourbon Democrats led by Samuel J. Tilden and Grover Cleveland, who represented mercantile, banking, and railroad interests; opposed imperialism and overseas expansion; fought for the gold standard; opposed bimetallism; and crusaded against corruption, high taxes and tariffs. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_57

Cleveland was elected to non-consecutive presidential terms in 1884 and 1892. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_58

20th century Democratic Party (United States)_section_3

Agrarian Democrats demanding free silver, drawing on Populist ideas, overthrew the Bourbon Democrats in 1896 and nominated William Jennings Bryan for the presidency (a nomination repeated by Democrats in 1900 and 1908). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_59

Bryan waged a vigorous campaign attacking Eastern moneyed interests, but he lost to Republican William McKinley. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_60

The Democrats took control of the House in 1910, and Woodrow Wilson won election as president in 1912 (when the Republicans split) and 1916. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_61

Wilson effectively led Congress to put to rest the issues of tariffs, money and antitrust, which had dominated politics for 40 years, with new progressive laws. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_62

He failed to secure Senate passage of the Versailles Treaty (ending the war with Germany and joining the League of Nations). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_63

The weak party was deeply divided by issues such as the KKK and prohibition in the 1920s. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_64

However, it did organize new ethnic voters in Northern cities. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_65

The Great Depression in 1929 that began under Republican President Herbert Hoover and the Republican Congress set the stage for a more liberal government as the Democrats controlled the House of Representatives nearly uninterrupted from 1930 until 1994, the Senate for 44 of 48 years from 1930, and won most presidential elections until 1968. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_66

Franklin D. Roosevelt, elected to the presidency in 1932, came forth with federal government programs called the New Deal. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_67

New Deal liberalism meant the regulation of business (especially finance and banking) and the promotion of labor unions as well as federal spending to aid the unemployed, help distressed farmers and undertake large-scale public works projects. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_68

It marked the start of the American welfare state. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_69

The opponents, who stressed opposition to unions, support for business and low taxes, started calling themselves "conservatives". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_70

Until the 1980s, the Democratic Party was a coalition of two parties divided by the Mason–Dixon line: liberal Democrats in the North and culturally conservative voters in the South, who though benefitting from many of the New Deal public works projects opposed increasing civil rights initiatives advocated by Northeastern liberals. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_71

The polarization grew stronger after Roosevelt died. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_72

Southern Democrats formed a key part of the bipartisan conservative coalition in an alliance with most of the Midwestern Republicans. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_73

The economically activist philosophy of Franklin D. Roosevelt, which has strongly influenced American liberalism, shaped much of the party's economic agenda after 1932. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_74

From the 1930s to the mid-1960s, the liberal New Deal coalition usually controlled the presidency while the conservative coalition usually controlled Congress. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_75

Issues facing parties and the United States after World War II included the Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_76

Republicans attracted conservatives and, after the 1960s, white Southerners from the Democratic coalition with their use of the Southern strategy and resistance to New Deal and Great Society liberalism. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_77

Until the 1950s, African Americans had traditionally supported the Republican Party because of its anti-slavery civil rights policies. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_78

Following the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965, the Southern states became more reliably Republican in presidential politics, while Northeastern states became more reliably Democratic. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_79

Studies show that Southern whites, which were a core constituency in the Democratic Party, shifted to the Republican Party due to racial conservatism. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_80

The election of President John F. Kennedy from Massachusetts in 1960 was a partial reflection of this shift. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_81

In the campaign, Kennedy attracted a new generation of younger voters. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_82

In his agenda dubbed the New Frontier, Kennedy introduced a host of social programs and public works projects, along with enhanced support of the space program, proposing a manned spacecraft trip to the moon by the end of the decade. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_83

He pushed for civil rights initiatives and proposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but with his assassination in November 1963, he was not able to see its passage. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_84

Kennedy's successor Lyndon B. Johnson was able to persuade the largely conservative Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with a more progressive Congress in 1965 passed much of the Great Society, which consisted of an array of social programs designed to help the poor. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_85

Kennedy and Johnson's advocacy of civil rights further solidified black support for the Democrats but had the effect of alienating Southern whites who would eventually gravitate towards the Republican Party, particularly after the election of Ronald Reagan to the presidency in 1980. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_86

The United States' involvement in the Vietnam War in the 1960s was another divisive issue that further fractured the fault lines of the Democrats' coalition. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_87

After the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964, President Johnson committed a large contingency of combat troops to Vietnam, but the escalation failed to drive the Viet Cong from South Vietnam, resulting in an increasing quagmire, which by 1968 had become the subject of widespread anti-war protests in the United States and elsewhere. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_88

With increasing casualties and nightly news reports bringing home troubling images from Vietnam, the costly military engagement became increasingly unpopular, alienating many of the kinds of young voters that the Democrats had attracted the early 1960s. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_89

The protests that year along with assassinations of Martin Luther King Jr. and Democratic presidential candidate Senator Robert F. Kennedy (younger brother of John F. Kennedy) climaxed in turbulence at the hotly-contested Democratic National Convention that summer in Chicago (which amongst the ensuing turmoil inside and outside of the convention hall nominated Vice President Hubert Humphrey) in a series of events that proved to mark a significant turning point in the decline of the Democratic Party's broad coalition. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_90

Republican presidential nominee Richard Nixon was able to capitalize on the confusion of the Democrats that year, and won the 1968 election to become the 37th president. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_91

He won re-election in a landslide in 1972 against Democratic nominee George McGovern, who like Robert F. Kennedy, reached out to the younger anti-war and counterculture voters, but unlike Kennedy, was not able to appeal to the party's more traditional white working-class constituencies. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_92

During Nixon's second term, his presidency was rocked by the Watergate scandal, which forced him to resign in 1974. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_93

He was succeeded by vice president Gerald Ford, who served a brief tenure. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_94

Watergate offered the Democrats an opportunity to recoup, and their nominee Jimmy Carter won the 1976 presidential election. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_95

With the initial support of evangelical Christian voters in the South, Carter was temporarily able to reunite the disparate factions within the party, but inflation and the Iran Hostage Crisis of 1979–1980 took their toll, resulting in a landslide victory for Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan in 1980, which shifted the political landscape in favor of the Republicans for years to come. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_96

With the ascendancy of the Republicans under Ronald Reagan, the Democrats searched for ways to respond yet were unable to succeed by running traditional candidates, such as former vice president and Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale, who lost to Reagan in the 1984 presidential election. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_97

Many Democrats attached their hopes to the future star of Gary Hart, who had challenged Mondale in the 1984 primaries running on a theme of "New Ideas"; and in the subsequent 1988 primaries became the de facto front-runner and virtual "shoo-in" for the Democratic presidential nomination before his campaign was ended by a sex scandal. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_98

The party nevertheless began to seek out a younger generation of leaders, who like Hart had been inspired by the pragmatic idealism of John F. Kennedy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_99

Arkansas governor Bill Clinton was one such figure, who was elected president in 1992 as the Democratic nominee. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_100

He labeled himself and governed as a "New Democrat." Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_101

The party adopted a centrist economic yet socially progressive agenda, with the voter base after Reagan having shifted considerably to the right. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_102

In an effort to appeal both to liberals and to fiscal conservatives, Democrats began to advocate for a balanced budget and market economy tempered by government intervention (mixed economy), along with a continued emphasis on social justice and affirmative action. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_103

The economic policy adopted by the Democratic Party, including the former Clinton administration, has been referred to as "Third Way." Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_104

The Democrats lost control of Congress in the election of 1994 to the Republican Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_105

Re-elected in 1996, Clinton was the first Democratic president since Franklin D. Roosevelt to be elected to two terms. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_106

21st century Democratic Party (United States)_section_4

In the wake of the 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon as well as the growing concern over global warming, some of the party's key issues in the early 21st century have included combating terrorism while preserving human rights, expanding access to health care, labor rights, and environmental protection. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_107

The Democrats regained majority control of both the House and the Senate in the 2006 elections. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_108

Barack Obama won the Democratic Party's nomination and was elected as the first African American president in 2008. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_109

Under the Obama presidency, the party moved forward reforms including an economic stimulus package, the Dodd–Frank financial reform act, and the Affordable Care Act. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_110

In the 2010 elections, the Democratic Party lost control of the House and lost its majority in state legislatures and state governorships. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_111

In the 2012 elections, President Obama was re-elected, but the party remained in the minority in the House of Representatives and lost control of the Senate in 2014. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_112

After the 2016 election of Donald Trump, the Democratic Party transitioned into the role of an opposition party and currently hold neither the presidency nor the Senate but won back a majority in the House in the 2018 midterm elections. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_113

Democrats have been extremely critical of President Trump, particularly his policies on immigration, healthcare, and abortion, as well as his response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_114

According to the Pew Research Center, Democrats became more secular and socially liberal between 1987 and 2012. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_115

Based on a poll conducted in 2014, Gallup found that 30% of Americans identified as Democrats, 23% as Republicans and 45% as independents. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_116

In the same poll, a survey of registered voters stated that 47% identified as Democrats or leaned towards the party—the same poll found that 40% of registered voters identified as Republicans or leaned towards the Republican Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_117

In 2018, Democratic congressional candidate Tom Malinowski, who was later elected, described the party: Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_118

In November 2020, Democrat Joe Biden won the 2020 presidential election. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_119

He is to assume office on January 20, 2021. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_120

Name and symbols Democratic Party (United States)_section_5

The Democratic-Republican Party splintered in 1824 into the short-lived National Republican Party and the Jacksonian movement which in 1828 became the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_121

Under the Jacksonian era, the term "The Democracy" was in use by the party, but the name "Democratic Party" was eventually settled upon and became the official name in 1844. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_122

Members of the party are called "Democrats" or "Dems". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_123

The term "Democrat Party" has also been in local use, but has usually been used by opponents since 1952 as a disparaging term. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_124

The most common mascot symbol for the party has been the donkey, or jackass. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_125

Andrew Jackson's enemies twisted his name to "jackass" as a term of ridicule regarding a stupid and stubborn animal. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_126

However, the Democrats liked the common-man implications and picked it up too, therefore the image persisted and evolved. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_127

Its most lasting impression came from the cartoons of Thomas Nast from 1870 in Harper's Weekly. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_128

Cartoonists followed Nast and used the donkey to represent the Democrats and the elephant to represent the Republicans. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_129

In the early 20th century, the traditional symbol of the Democratic Party in Indiana, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Ohio was the rooster, as opposed to the Republican eagle. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_130

This symbol still appears on Oklahoma, Kentucky, Indiana, and West Virginia ballots. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_131

The rooster was adopted as the official symbol of the national Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_132

In New York, the Democratic ballot symbol is a five-pointed star. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_133

Although both major political parties (and many minor ones) use the traditional American colors of red, white and blue in their marketing and representations, since election night 2000 blue has become the identifying color for the Democratic Party while red has become the identifying color for the Republican Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_134

That night, for the first time all major broadcast television networks used the same color scheme for the electoral map: blue states for Al Gore (Democratic nominee) and red states for George W. Bush (Republican nominee). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_135

Since then, the color blue has been widely used by the media to represent the party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_136

This is contrary to common practice outside of the United States where blue is the traditional color of the right and red the color of the left. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_137

For example, in Canada red represents the Liberals while blue represents the Conservatives. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_138

In the United Kingdom, red denotes the Labour Party and blue symbolizes the Conservative Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_139

Any use of the color blue to denote the Democratic Party prior to 2000 would be historically inaccurate and misleading. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_140

Since 2000, blue has also been used both by party supporters for promotional efforts—ActBlue, BuyBlue and BlueFund as examples—and by the party itself in 2006 both for its "Red to Blue Program", created to support Democratic candidates running against Republican incumbents in the midterm elections that year and on its official website. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_141

In September 2010, the Democratic Party unveiled its new logo, which featured a blue D inside a blue circle. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_142

It was the party's first official logo; the donkey logo had only been semi-official. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_143

Jefferson-Jackson Day is the annual fundraising event (dinner) held by Democratic Party organizations across the United States. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_144

It is named after Presidents Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson, whom the party regards as its distinguished early leaders. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_145

The song "Happy Days Are Here Again" is the unofficial song of the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_146

It was used prominently when Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for president at the 1932 Democratic National Convention and remains a sentimental favorite for Democrats today. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_147

For example, Paul Shaffer played the theme on the Late Show with David Letterman after the Democrats won Congress in 2006. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_148

"Don't Stop" by Fleetwood Mac was adopted by Bill Clinton's presidential campaign in 1992 and has endured as a popular Democratic song. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_149

The emotionally similar song "Beautiful Day" by the band U2 has also become a favorite theme song for Democratic candidates. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_150

John Kerry used the song during his 2004 presidential campaign and several Democratic Congressional candidates used it as a celebratory tune in 2006. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_151

The 2016 campaign of Democratic Party presidential candidate Bernie Sanders used the hopeful Simon & Garfunkel song "America" for one of its campaign advertisements, with the complete permission of the still-active duo of popular American musicians. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_152

As a traditional anthem for its presidential nominating convention, Aaron Copland's "Fanfare for the Common Man" is traditionally performed at the beginning of the Democratic National Convention. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_153

Current structure and composition Democratic Party (United States)_section_6

National committee Democratic Party (United States)_section_7

The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is responsible for promoting Democratic campaign activities. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_154

While the DNC is responsible for overseeing the process of writing the Democratic Platform, the DNC is more focused on campaign and organizational strategy than public policy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_155

In presidential elections, it supervises the Democratic National Convention. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_156

The national convention is subject to the charter of the party and the ultimate authority within the Democratic Party when it is in session, with the DNC running the party's organization at other times. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_157

The DNC is chaired by former Labor Secretary Tom Perez. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_158

State parties Democratic Party (United States)_section_8

Main article: List of state parties of the Democratic Party (United States) Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_159

Each state also has a state committee, made up of elected committee members as well as ex officio committee members (usually elected officials and representatives of major constituencies), which in turn elects a chair. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_160

County, town, city and ward committees generally are composed of individuals elected at the local level. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_161

State and local committees often coordinate campaign activities within their jurisdiction, oversee local conventions and in some cases primaries or caucuses and may have a role in nominating candidates for elected office under state law. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_162

Rarely do they have much funding, but in 2005 DNC Chairman Dean began a program (called the "50 State Strategy") of using DNC national funds to assist all state parties and pay for full-time professional staffers. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_163

Major party groups Democratic Party (United States)_section_9

The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) assists party candidates in House races and its current chairman (selected by the party caucus) is Representative Cheri Bustos of Illinois. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_164

Similarly, the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC), headed by Senator Catherine Cortez Masto of Nevada, raises funds for Senate races. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_165

The Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee (DLCC), chaired by Majority Leader of the New York State Senate Andrea Stewart-Cousins, is a smaller organization that focuses on state legislative races. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_166

The DNC sponsors the College Democrats of America (CDA), a student-outreach organization with the goal of training and engaging a new generation of Democratic activists. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_167

Democrats Abroad is the organization for Americans living outside the United States and they work to advance the goals of the party and encourage Americans living abroad to support the Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_168

The Young Democrats of America (YDA) is a youth-led organization that attempts to draw in and mobilize young people for Democratic candidates but operates outside of the DNC. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_169

The Democratic Governors Association (DGA) is an organization supporting the candidacies of Democratic gubernatorial nominees and incumbents. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_170

Likewise, the mayors of the largest cities and urban centers convene as the National Conference of Democratic Mayors. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_171

Ideology Democratic Party (United States)_section_10

Further information: Factions in the Democratic Party (United States) Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_172

Upon foundation, the Democratic Party supported agrarianism and the Jacksonian democracy movement of President Andrew Jackson, representing farmers and rural interests and traditional Jeffersonian democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_173

Since the 1890s, especially in northern states, the party began to favor more liberal positions (the term "liberal" in this sense describes modern liberalism, rather than classical liberalism or economic liberalism). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_174

In recent exit polls, the Democratic Party has had broad appeal across all socio-ethno-economic demographics. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_175

Historically, the party has represented farmers, laborers, labor unions and religious and ethnic minorities as it has opposed unregulated business and finance and favored progressive income taxes. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_176

In foreign policy, internationalism (including interventionism) was a dominant theme from 1913 to the mid-1960s. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_177

In the 1930s, the party began advocating welfare spending programs targeted at the poor. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_178

The party had a fiscally conservative, pro-business wing, typified by Grover Cleveland and Al Smith; and a Southern conservative wing that shrank after President Lyndon B. Johnson supported the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_179

The major influences for liberalism were labor unions (which peaked in the 1936–1952 era) and the African American wing, which has steadily grown since the 1960s. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_180

Since the 1970s, environmentalism has been a major new component. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_181

The 21st century Democratic Party is predominantly a coalition of centrists, liberals, and progressives, with significant overlap between the three groups. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_182

The Democratic Party, once dominant in the Southeastern United States, is now strongest in the Northeast (Mid-Atlantic and New England), the Great Lakes region, and the West Coast (including Hawaii). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_183

The party is also very strong in major cities (regardless of region). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_184

Centrists Democratic Party (United States)_section_11

Centrist Democrats, or New Democrats, are an ideologically centrist faction within the Democratic Party that emerged after the victory of Republican George H. W. Bush in the 1988 presidential election. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_185

They are an economically liberal and "Third Way" faction which dominated the party for around 20 years starting in the late 1980s after the United States populace turned much further to the political right. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_186

They are represented by organizations such as the New Democrat Network and the New Democrat Coalition. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_187

The New Democrat Coalition is a pro-growth and fiscally moderate congressional coalition. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_188

One of the most influential centrist groups was the Democratic Leadership Council (DLC), a nonprofit organization that advocated centrist positions for the party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_189

The DLC hailed President Bill Clinton as proof of the viability of "Third Way" politicians and a DLC success story. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_190

The DLC disbanded in 2011 and much of the former DLC is now represented in the think tank Third Way. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_191

While not representing a majority of the Democratic Party electorate, some Democratic elected officials have self-declared as being centrists. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_192

These Democrats include former President Bill Clinton, former Vice President Al Gore, Senator Mark Warner, former Pennsylvania governor Ed Rendell, former Senator Jim Webb, former Vice President Joe Biden, congresswoman Ann Kirkpatrick, and former congressman Dave McCurdy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_193

The New Democrat Network supports socially liberal and fiscally moderate Democratic politicians and is associated with the congressional New Democrat Coalition in the House. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_194

Congressman Derek Kilmer is the chair of the coalition, and former senator and 2016 Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton was a member while in Congress. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_195

In 2009, President Barack Obama was self-described as a New Democrat. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_196

Conservatives Democratic Party (United States)_section_12

A conservative Democrat is a member of the Democratic Party with conservative political views, or with views relatively conservative with respect to those of the national party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_197

While such members of the Democratic Party can be found throughout the nation, actual elected officials are disproportionately found within the Southern states and to a lesser extent within rural regions of the United States generally, more commonly in the West. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_198

Historically, Southern Democrats were generally much more ideologically conservative than conservative Democrats are now. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_199

Many conservative Southern Democrats defected to the Republican Party, beginning with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the general leftward shift of the party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_200

Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, Billy Tauzin of Louisiana, Kent Hance and Ralph Hall of Texas and Richard Shelby of Alabama are examples of this. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_201

The influx of conservative Democrats into the Republican Party is often cited as a reason for the Republican Party's shift further to the right during the late 20th century as well as the shift of its base from the Northeast and Midwest to the South. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_202

Into the 1980s, the Democratic Party had a conservative element, mostly from the South and Border regions. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_203

Their numbers declined sharply as the Republican Party built up its Southern base. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_204

They were sometimes humorously called "Yellow dog Democrats", or "boll weevils" and "Dixiecrats." Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_205

In the House, they form the Blue Dog Coalition, a caucus of conservatives and centrists willing to broker compromises with the Republican leadership. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_206

They have acted as a unified voting bloc in the past, giving its members some ability to change legislation, depending on their numbers in Congress. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_207

Split-ticket voting was common among conservative Southern Democrats in the 1970s and 1980s. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_208

These voters supported conservative Democrats for local and statewide office while simultaneously voting for Republican presidential candidates. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_209

Liberals Democratic Party (United States)_section_13

See also: Modern liberalism in the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_210

Social liberals (modern liberals) are a large portion of the Democratic base. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_211

According to 2018 exit polls, liberals constituted 27% of the electorate, and 91% of American liberals favored the candidate of the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_212

White-collar college-educated professionals were mostly Republican until the 1950s, but they now compose a vital component of the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_213

A large majority of liberals favor moving toward universal health care, with many supporting a single-payer system. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_214

A majority also favor diplomacy over military action, stem cell research, the legalization of same-sex marriage, stricter gun control and environmental protection laws as well as the preservation of abortion rights. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_215

Immigration and cultural diversity are deemed positive as liberals favor cultural pluralism, a system in which immigrants retain their native culture in addition to adopting their new culture. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_216

They tend to be divided on free trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and organizations, with some seeing them as more favorable to corporations than workers. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_217

Most liberals oppose increased military spending and the mixing of church and state. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_218

This ideological group differs from the traditional organized labor base. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_219

According to the Pew Research Center, a plurality of 41% resided in mass affluent households and 49% were college graduates, the highest figure of any typographical group. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_220

It was also the fastest growing typological group between the late 1990s and early 2000s. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_221

Liberals include most of academia and large portions of the professional class. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_222

Progressives Democratic Party (United States)_section_14

Progressives are the most left-leaning faction in the party and support strong business regulations, social programs, and workers' rights. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_223

Many progressive Democrats are descendants of the New Left of Democratic presidential candidate Senator George McGovern of South Dakota whereas others were involved in the 2016 presidential candidacy of Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_224

Progressives are often considered to be synonymous with liberals, though progressives are sometimes considered to show stronger support for universal health care, solutions for economic inequality, and environmental regulations. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_225

In 2014, progressive Senator Elizabeth Warren set out "Eleven Commandments of Progressivism": tougher regulation on corporations, affordable education, scientific investment and environmentalism, net neutrality, increased wages, equal pay for women, collective bargaining rights, defending social programs, marriage equality, immigration reform, and unabridged access to reproductive healthcare. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_226

In addition, progressives strongly oppose political corruption and seek to advance electoral reforms such as campaign finance rules and voting rights protections. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_227

Today, many progressives have made combating economic inequality their top priority. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_228

The Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC) is a caucus of progressive Democrats chaired by Representatives Mark Pocan of Wisconsin and Pramila Jayapal of Washington. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_229

Its members have included Representatives Dennis Kucinich of Ohio, John Conyers of Michigan, Jim McDermott of Washington, John Lewis of Georgia, Barbara Lee of California, and Senator Paul Wellstone of Minnesota. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_230

Senators Sherrod Brown of Ohio, Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin, Mazie Hirono of Hawaii, and Ed Markey of Massachusetts were members of the caucus when in the House of Representatives. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_231

While no Democratic Senators currently belong to the CPC, independent Senator Bernie Sanders is a member. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_232

Political positions Democratic Party (United States)_section_15

Main article: Political positions of the Democratic Party Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_233

Democratic Party (United States)_description_list_0

Democratic Party (United States)_unordered_list_1

  • Expand Social Security and safety net programs.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_0
  • Increase top capital gains tax and dividend tax rates to above 28%.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_1
  • Across-the-board tax cuts for the working and middle classes as well as small businesses.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_2
  • Change tax rules to not encourage shipping jobs overseas.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_3
  • Increase federal and state minimum wages.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_4
  • Modernize and expand access to public education and provide universal preschool education.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_5
  • Support for universal health care.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_6
  • Greater investment in infrastructure development.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_7
  • Increase investments in scientific and technological research and development.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_8
  • Expand the use of renewable energy and diminish the use of fossil fuels.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_9
  • Implement a carbon tax.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_10
  • Uphold labor protections and the right to unionize.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_11
  • Reform the student loan system and allow for refinancing student loans.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_12
  • Make college more affordable.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_13
  • Mandate equal pay for equal work regardless of gender, race, or ethnicity.Democratic Party (United States)_item_1_14

Democratic Party (United States)_description_list_2

Democratic Party (United States)_unordered_list_3

  • Decriminalization or legalization of marijuana.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_15
  • Uphold network neutrality.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_16
  • Implement campaign finance reform and electoral reform.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_17
  • Uphold voting rights and easy access to voting.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_18
  • Support for same-sex marriage and civil unions. Bans on conversion therapy.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_19
  • Allow legal access to abortions and women's reproductive health care.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_20
  • Reform the immigration system and allow for a pathway to citizenship.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_21
  • Support for gun background checks and stricter gun control regulations.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_22
  • Improve privacy laws and curtail government surveillance.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_23
  • Opposition to the use of torture.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_24
  • Recognize and defend Internet freedom worldwide.Democratic Party (United States)_item_3_25

Economic issues Democratic Party (United States)_section_16

Equal economic opportunity, a base social safety net provided by the welfare state and strong labor unions have historically been at the heart of Democratic economic policy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_234

The welfare state supports a progressive tax system, higher minimum wages, Social Security, universal health care, public education and public housing. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_235

They also support infrastructure development and government-sponsored employment programs in an effort to achieve economic development and job creation while stimulating private sector job creation. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_236

Additionally, since the 1990s the party has at times supported centrist economic reforms, which cut the size of government and reduced market regulations. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_237

The party has generally rejected laissez-faire economics as well as market socialism, instead favoring Keynesian economics within a capitalist market-based system. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_238

Fiscal policy Democratic Party (United States)_section_17

Democrats support a more progressive tax structure to provide more services and reduce economic inequality by making sure that the wealthiest Americans pay the highest amount in taxes. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_239

Democrats support more government spending on social services while spending less on the military. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_240

They oppose the cutting of social services, such as Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid and various other welfare programs, believing it to be harmful to efficiency and social justice. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_241

Democrats believe the benefits of social services in monetary and non-monetary terms are a more productive labor force and cultured population and believe that the benefits of this are greater than any benefits that could be derived from lower taxes, especially on top earners, or cuts to social services. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_242

Furthermore, Democrats see social services as essential towards providing positive freedom, freedom derived from economic opportunity. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_243

The Democratic-led House of Representatives reinstated the PAYGO (pay-as-you-go) budget rule at the start of the 110th Congress. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_244

Minimum wage Democratic Party (United States)_section_18

See also: Minimum wage in the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_245

The Democratic Party favors raising the minimum wage. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_246

The Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 was an early component of the Democrats' agenda during the 110th Congress. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_247

In 2006, the Democrats supported six state ballot initiatives to increase the minimum wage and all six initiatives passed. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_248

In May 2017, Senate Democrats introduced the Raise the Wage Act which would raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour by 2024 and marks a leftward turn in Democratic economic policies. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_249

Health care Democratic Party (United States)_section_19

Democrats call for "affordable and quality health care" and favor moving toward universal health care in a variety of forms to address rising healthcare costs. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_250

Some Democratic politicians favor a single-payer program or Medicare for All, while others prefer creating a public health insurance option. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_251

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010, has been one of the most significant pushes for universal health care. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_252

As of December 2019, more than 20 million Americans have gained health insurance under the Affordable Care Act. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_253

Education Democratic Party (United States)_section_20

Democrats favor improving public education by raising school standards and reforming the Head Start program. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_254

They also support universal preschool and expanding access to primary education, including through charter schools. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_255

They call for addressing student loan debt and reforms to reduce college tuition. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_256

Other proposals have included tuition-free public universities and reform of standardized testing. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_257

Democrats have the long-term aim of having publicly funded college education with low tuition fees (like in much of Europe and Canada), which would be available to every eligible American student. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_258

Alternatively, they encourage expanding access to post-secondary education by increasing state funding for student financial aid such as Pell Grants and college tuition tax deductions. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_259

Environment Democratic Party (United States)_section_21

Main article: Environmental policy of the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_260

Democrats believe that the government should protect the environment and have a history of environmentalism. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_261

In more recent years, this stance has emphasized renewable energy generation as the basis for an improved economy, greater national security, and general environmental benefits. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_262

The Democratic Party also favors expansion of conservation lands and encourages open space and rail travel to relieve highway and airport congestion and improve air quality and economy as it "believe[s] that communities, environmental interests, and the government should work together to protect resources while ensuring the vitality of local economies. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_263

Once Americans were led to believe they had to make a choice between the economy and the environment. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_264

They now know this is a false choice". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_265

The foremost environmental concern of the Democratic Party is climate change. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_266

Democrats, most notably former Vice President Al Gore, have pressed for stern regulation of greenhouse gases. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_267

On October 15, 2007, Gore won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to build greater knowledge about man-made climate change and laying the foundations for the measures needed to counteract it. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_268

Renewable energy and fossil fuels Democratic Party (United States)_section_22

Democrats have supported increased domestic renewable energy development, including wind and solar power farms, in an effort to reduce carbon pollution. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_269

The party's platform calls for an "all of the above" energy policy including clean energy, natural gas and domestic oil, with the desire of becoming energy independent. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_270

The party has supported higher taxes on oil companies and increased regulations on coal power plants, favoring a policy of reducing long-term reliance on fossil fuels. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_271

Additionally, the party supports stricter fuel emissions standards to prevent air pollution. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_272

Trade agreements Democratic Party (United States)_section_23

Many Democrats support fair trade policies when it comes to the issue of international trade agreements and some in the party have started supporting free trade in recent decades. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_273

In the 1990s, the Clinton administration and a number of prominent Democrats pushed through a number of agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_274

Since then, the party's shift away from free trade became evident in the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) vote, with 15 House Democrats voting for the agreement and 187 voting against. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_275

Social issues Democratic Party (United States)_section_24

The modern Democratic Party emphasizes egalitarianism and social equality through liberalism. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_276

They support voting rights and minority rights, including LGBT rights, multiculturalism and religious secularism. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_277

A longstanding social policy is upholding civil rights, which affect ethnic and racial minorities and includes voting rights, equal opportunity and racial equality. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_278

The party championed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which for the first time outlawed segregation. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_279

Democrats made civil rights and anti-racism a core party philosophy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_280

Carmines and Stimson say that "the Democratic Party appropriated racial liberalism and assumed federal responsibility for ending racial discrimination". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_281

Ideological social elements in the party include cultural liberalism, civil libertarianism and feminism. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_282

Other Democratic social policies are internationalism, openness to immigration, electoral reform and women's reproductive rights. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_283

Equal opportunity Democratic Party (United States)_section_25

The Democratic Party supports equal opportunity for all Americans regardless of sex, age, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, creed, or national origin. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_284

Many Democrats support affirmative action programs to further this goal. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_285

Democrats also strongly support the Americans with Disabilities Act to prohibit discrimination against people based on physical or mental disability. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_286

As such, the Democrats pushed as well the ADA Amendments Act of 2008, a disability rights expansion that became law. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_287

Voting rights Democratic Party (United States)_section_26

The party is very supportive of improving voting rights as well as election accuracy and accessibility. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_288

They support ending voter ID laws and increasing voting time, including making election day a holiday. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_289

They support reforming the electoral system to eliminate gerrymandering as well as passing comprehensive campaign finance reform. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_290

They supported the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and as a party have often been pioneers for democracy in the United States. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_291

Abortion and reproductive rights Democratic Party (United States)_section_27

See also: Abortion law in the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_292

The Democratic Party believe that all women should have access to birth control and support public funding of contraception for poor women. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_293

In its national platforms from 1992 to 2004, the Democratic Party has called for abortion to be "safe, legal and rare"—namely, keeping it legal by rejecting laws that allow governmental interference in abortion decisions and reducing the number of abortions by promoting both knowledge of reproduction and contraception and incentives for adoption. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_294

The wording changed in the 2008 platform. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_295

When Congress voted on the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2003, Congressional Democrats were split, with a minority (including former Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid) supporting the ban and the majority of Democrats opposing the legislation. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_296

The Democratic Party opposes attempts to reverse the 1973 Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade, which declared abortion covered by the constitutionally protected individual right to privacy under the Ninth Amendment; and Planned Parenthood v. Casey, which lays out the legal framework in which government action alleged to violate that right is assessed by courts. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_297

As a matter of the right to privacy and of gender equality, many Democrats believe all women should have the ability to choose to abort without governmental interference. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_298

They believe that each woman, conferring with her conscience, has the right to choose for herself whether abortion is morally correct. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_299

Former Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid was anti-abortion and former President Jimmy Carter has expressed his wish to see the Democratic Party becoming more pro-life, while former President Barack Obama and Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi favor abortion rights. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_300

Groups such as Democrats for Life of America represent the anti-abortion faction of the party while groups such as EMILY's List represent the abortion rights faction. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_301

A Newsweek poll from October 2006 found that 25% of Democrats were anti-abortion while a 69% majority was in favor of abortion rights. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_302

The 2016 Democratic Party platform expresses support for "'a woman's right to safe and legal abortion' and enumerates no limits on that right." Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_303

It further calls for the repeal of the Hyde Amendment, which prohibits the use of federal tax dollars for elective abortions. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_304

Immigration Democratic Party (United States)_section_28

See also: Immigration to the United States and Illegal immigration to the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_305

Many Democratic politicians have called for systematic reform of the immigration system such that residents that have come into the United States illegally have a pathway to legal citizenship. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_306

President Obama remarked in November 2013 that he felt it was "long past time to fix our broken immigration system", particularly to allow "incredibly bright young people" that came over as students to become full citizens. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_307

The Public Religion Research Institute found in a late 2013 study that 73% of Democrats supported the pathway concept, compared to 63% of Americans as a whole. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_308

In 2013, Democrats in the Senate passed S.744, which would reform immigration policy to allow citizenship for illegal immigrants in the United States and improve the lives of all immigrants currently living in the United States. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_309

LGBT rights Democratic Party (United States)_section_29

The Democratic Party is supportive of LGBT rights. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_310

Most support for same-sex marriage in the United States has come from Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_311

Support for same-sex marriage has increased in the past decade according to ABC News. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_312

An April 2009 ABC News/Washington Post public opinion poll put support among Democrats at 62% whereas a June 2008 Newsweek poll found that 42% of Democrats support same-sex marriage while 23% support civil unions or domestic partnership laws and 28% oppose any legal recognition at all. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_313

A broad majority of Democrats have supported other LGBT-related laws such as extending hate crime statutes, legally preventing discrimination against LGBT people in the workforce and repealing Don't ask, don't tell. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_314

A 2006 Pew Research Center poll of Democrats found that 55% supported gays adopting children with 40% opposed while 70% support gays in the military, with only 23% opposed. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_315

Gallup polling from May 2009 stated that 82% of Democrats support open enlistment. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_316

The 2004 Democratic National Platform stated that marriage should be defined at the state level and it repudiated the Federal Marriage Amendment. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_317

While not stating support of same-sex marriage, the 2008 platform called for repeal of the Defense of Marriage Act, which banned federal recognition of same-sex marriage and removed the need for interstate recognition, supported antidiscrimination laws and the extension of hate crime laws to LGBT people and opposed the Don't ask, don't tell military policy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_318

The 2012 platform included support for same-sex marriage and for the repeal of DOMA. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_319

On May 9, 2012, Barack Obama became the first sitting president to say he supports same-sex marriage. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_320

Previously, he had opposed restrictions on same-sex marriage such as the Defense of Marriage Act, which he promised to repeal, California's Prop 8, and a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage (which he opposed saying that "decisions about marriage should be left to the states as they always have been"), but also stated that he personally believed marriage to be between a man and a woman and that he favored civil unions that would "give same-sex couples equal legal rights and privileges as married couples". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_321

Earlier, when running for the Illinois Senate in 1996 he said, "I favor legalizing same-sex marriages, and would fight efforts to prohibit such marriages". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_322

John Kerry, Democratic presidential candidate in 2004, did not support same-sex marriage. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_323

Former presidents Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter and former Vice Presidents Joe Biden, Al Gore and Walter Mondale also support gay marriage. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_324

Puerto Rico Democratic Party (United States)_section_30

The 2016 Democratic Party platform declares: "We are committed to addressing the extraordinary challenges faced by our fellow citizens in Puerto Rico. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_325

Many stem from the fundamental question of Puerto Rico's political status. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_326

Democrats believe that the people of Puerto Rico should determine their ultimate political status from permanent options that do not conflict with the Constitution, laws, and policies of the United States. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_327

Democrats are committed to promoting economic opportunity and good-paying jobs for the hardworking people of Puerto Rico. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_328

We also believe that Puerto Ricans must be treated equally by Medicare, Medicaid, and other programs that benefit families. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_329

Puerto Ricans should be able to vote for the people who make their laws, just as they should be treated equally. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_330

All American citizens, no matter where they reside, should have the right to vote for the President of the United States. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_331

Finally, we believe that federal officials must respect Puerto Rico's local self-government as laws are implemented and Puerto Rico's budget and debt are restructured so that it can get on a path towards stability and prosperity". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_332

Legal issues Democratic Party (United States)_section_31

Gun control Democratic Party (United States)_section_32

With a stated goal of reducing crime and homicide, the Democratic Party has introduced various gun control measures, most notably the Gun Control Act of 1968, the Brady Bill of 1993 and Crime Control Act of 1994. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_333

However, some Democrats, especially rural, Southern, and Western Democrats, favor fewer restrictions on firearm possession and warned the party was defeated in the 2000 presidential election in rural areas because of the issue. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_334

In the national platform for 2008, the only statement explicitly favoring gun control was a plan calling for renewal of the 1994 Assault Weapons Ban. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_335

Death penalty Democratic Party (United States)_section_33

The Democratic Party supports the death penalty far less than the Republican Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_336

Although most Democrats in Congress have never seriously moved to overturn the rarely used federal death penalty, both Russ Feingold and Dennis Kucinich have introduced such bills with little success. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_337

Democrats have led efforts to overturn state death penalty laws, particularly in New Jersey and in New Mexico. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_338

They have also sought to prevent the reinstatement of the death penalty in those states which prohibit it, including Massachusetts and New York. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_339

During the Clinton administration, Democrats led the expansion of the federal death penalty. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_340

These efforts resulted in the passage of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, signed into law by President Clinton, which heavily limited appeals in death penalty cases. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_341

In 1992, 1993 and 1995, Democratic Texas Congressman Henry González unsuccessfully introduced the which prohibited the use of capital punishment in the United States. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_342

Democratic Missouri Congressman William Lacy Clay, Sr. cosponsored the amendment in 1993. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_343

During his Illinois Senate career, former President Barack Obama successfully introduced legislation intended to reduce the likelihood of wrongful convictions in capital cases, requiring videotaping of confessions. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_344

When campaigning for the presidency, Obama stated that he supports the limited use of the death penalty, including for people who have been convicted of raping a minor under the age of 12, having opposed the Supreme Court's ruling in Kennedy v. Louisiana that the death penalty was unconstitutional in child rape cases. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_345

Obama has stated that he thinks the "death penalty does little to deter crime" and that it is used too frequently and too inconsistently. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_346

In June 2016, the Democratic Platform Drafting Committee unanimously adopted an amendment to abolish the death penalty, marking the first time the party had done so in its history. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_347

Torture Democratic Party (United States)_section_34

Many Democrats are opposed to the use of torture against individuals apprehended and held prisoner by the United States military and hold that categorizing such prisoners as unlawful combatants does not release the United States from its obligations under the Geneva Conventions. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_348

Democrats contend that torture is inhumane, damages the United States' moral standing in the world, and produces questionable results. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_349

Democrats are largely against waterboarding. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_350

Torture became a divisive issue in the party after Barack Obama was elected president. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_351

Patriot Act Democratic Party (United States)_section_35

Many Democrats are opposed to the Patriot Act, but when the law was passed most Democrats were supportive of it and all but two Democrats in the Senate voted for the original Patriot Act legislation in 2001. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_352

The lone nay vote was from Russ Feingold of Wisconsin as Mary Landrieu of Louisiana did not vote. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_353

In the House, the Democrats voted for the Act by 145 yea and 62 nay. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_354

Democrats were split on the renewal in 2006. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_355

In the Senate, Democrats voted 34 for the 2006 renewal and nine against. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_356

In the House, Democrats voted 66 voted for the renewal and 124 against. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_357

Privacy Democratic Party (United States)_section_36

The Democratic Party believes that individuals should have a right to privacy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_358

For example, many Democrats have opposed the NSA warrantless surveillance of American citizens. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_359

Some Democratic officeholders have championed consumer protection laws that limit the sharing of consumer data between corporations. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_360

Most Democrats oppose sodomy laws and believe that government should not regulate consensual noncommercial sexual conduct among adults as a matter of personal privacy. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_361

Foreign policy issues Democratic Party (United States)_section_37

The foreign policy of the voters of the two major parties has largely overlapped since the 1990s. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_362

A Gallup poll in early 2013 showed broad agreement on the top issues, albeit with some divergence regarding human rights and international cooperation through agencies such as the United Nations. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_363

In June 2014, the Quinnipiac Poll asked Americans which foreign policy they preferred: Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_364

Democrats chose A over B by 65% to 32%; Republicans chose A over B by 56% to 39%; and independents chose A over B by 67% to 29%. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_365

Iraq War Democratic Party (United States)_section_38

See also: Iraq War Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_366

In 2002, Congressional Democrats were divided on the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq: 147 voted against it (21 in the Senate and 126 in the House) and 110 voted for it (29 in the Senate and 81 in the House). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_367

Since then, many prominent Democrats, such as former senator John Edwards, have expressed regret about this decision and have called it a mistake while others, such as Senator Hillary Clinton, have criticized the conduct of the war yet not repudiated their initial vote for it (though Clinton later went on to repudiate her stance during the 2008 primaries). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_368

Referring to Iraq, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid declared in April 2007 the war to be "lost" while other Democrats (especially during the 2004 presidential election cycle) accused the President of lying to the public about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_369

Among lawmakers, Democrats are the most vocal opponents of Operation Iraqi Freedom and campaigned on a platform of withdrawal ahead of the 2006 midterm elections. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_370

A March 2003 CBS News poll taken a few days before the invasion of Iraq found that 34% of Democrats nationwide would support it without United Nations backing, 51% would support it only with its backing and 14% would not support it at all. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_371

The Los Angeles Times stated in early April 2003 that 70% of Democrats supported the decision to invade while 27% opposed it. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_372

The Pew Research Center stated in August 2007 that opposition increased from 37% during the initial invasion to 74%. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_373

In April 2008, a CBS News poll found that about 90% of Democrats disapprove of the Bush administration's conduct and want to end the war within the next year. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_374

Democrats in the House of Representatives near-unanimously supported a non-binding resolution disapproving of President Bush's decision to send additional troops into Iraq in 2007. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_375

Congressional Democrats overwhelmingly supported military funding legislation that included a provision that set "a timeline for the withdrawal of all US combat troops from Iraq" by March 31, 2008, but also would leave combat forces in Iraq for purposes such as targeted counter-terrorism operations. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_376

After a veto from the President and a failed attempt in Congress to override the veto, the U.S. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_377

Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 was passed by Congress and signed by the President after the timetable was dropped. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_378

Criticism of the Iraq War subsided after the Iraq War troop surge of 2007 led to a dramatic decrease in Iraqi violence. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_379

The Democratic-controlled 110th Congress continued to fund efforts in both Iraq and Afghanistan. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_380

Presidential candidate Barack Obama advocated a withdrawal of combat troops within Iraq by late 2010 with a residual force of peacekeeping troops left in place. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_381

He stated that both the speed of withdrawal and the number of troops left over would be "entirely conditions-based". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_382

On February 27, 2009, President Obama announced: "As a candidate for president, I made clear my support for a timeline of 16 months to carry out this drawdown, while pledging to consult closely with our military commanders upon taking office to ensure that we preserve the gains we've made and protect our troops [...] Those consultations are now complete, and I have chosen a timeline that will remove our combat brigades over the next 18 months". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_383

Around 50,000 non-combat-related forces would remain. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_384

Obama's plan drew wide bipartisan support, including that of defeated Republican presidential candidate Senator John McCain. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_385

Iran sanctions Democratic Party (United States)_section_39

See also: United States sanctions against Iran Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_386

The Democratic Party has been critical of the Iran's nuclear weapon program and supported economic sanctions against the Iranian government. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_387

In 2013, the Democratic-led administration worked to reach a diplomatic agreement with the government of Iran to halt the Iranian nuclear weapon program in exchange for international economic sanction relief. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_388

As of 2014, negotiations had been successful and the party called for more cooperation with Iran in the future. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_389

In 2015, the Obama administration agreed to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, which provides sanction relief in exchange for international oversight of the Iranian nuclear program. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_390

In February 2019, the Democratic National Committee passed a resolution calling on the United States to re-enter the JCPOA, which President Trump withdrew from in 2018. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_391

Invasion of Afghanistan Democratic Party (United States)_section_40

See also: Afghanistan–United States relations and International public opinion on the war in Afghanistan Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_392

Democrats in the House of Representatives and in the Senate near-unanimously voted for the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists against "those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States" in Afghanistan in 2001, supporting the NATO coalition invasion of the nation. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_393

Most elected Democrats continue to support the Afghanistan conflict and some, such as a Democratic National Committee spokesperson, have voiced concerns that the Iraq War shifted too many resources away from the presence in Afghanistan. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_394

Since 2006, Democratic candidate Barack Obama has called for a "surge" of troops into Afghanistan. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_395

As president, Obama sent a "surge" force of additional troops to Afghanistan. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_396

Troop levels were 94,000 in December 2011 and kept falling, with a target of 68,000 by fall 2012. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_397

Obama planned to bring all the troops home by 2014. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_398

Support for the war among the American people has diminished over time and many Democrats have changed their opinion and now oppose a continuation of the conflict. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_399

In July 2008, Gallup found that 41% of Democrats called the invasion a "mistake" while a 55% majority disagreed. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_400

In contrast, Republicans were more supportive of the war. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_401

The survey described Democrats as evenly divided about whether or not more troops should be sent—56% support it if it would mean removing troops from Iraq and only 47% support it otherwise. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_402

A CNN survey in August 2009 stated that a majority of Democrats now oppose the war. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_403

CNN polling director Keating Holland said: "Nearly two thirds of Republicans support the war in Afghanistan. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_404

Three quarters of Democrats oppose the war". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_405

An August 2009 Washington Post poll found similar results and the paper stated that Obama's policies would anger his closest supporters. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_406

Israel Democratic Party (United States)_section_41

See also: Israel–United States relations Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_407

The Democratic Party has both recently and historically supported Israel. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_408

A 2008 Gallup poll found that 64% of Americans have a favorable image of Israel while only 16% say that they have a favorable image of the Palestinian Authority. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_409

A pro-Israel view is held by the party leadership although some Democrats, including former President Jimmy Carter, have criticized Israel. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_410

The 2008 Democratic Party platform acknowledges a "special relationship with Israel, grounded in shared interests and shared values, and a clear, strong, fundamental commitment to the security of Israel, our strongest ally in the region and its only established democracy." Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_411

It also included: Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_412

A January 2009 Pew Research Center study found that when asked "which side do you sympathize with more", 42% of Democrats and 33% of liberals (a plurality in both groups) sympathize most with the Israelis. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_413

Around half of all political moderates or independents sided with Israel. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_414

The years leading up to the 2016 election have brought more discussion of the party's stance on Israel as polls reported declining support for Israel among the party faithful. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_415

Gallup suggested that the decline in support might be due to tensions between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Barack Obama. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_416

The rise of the progressive Bernie Sanders-aligned faction of the party, which tends to trend more pro-Palestine, is also likely responsible for the decline in support for Israel. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_417

A 2016 Pew Research poll found that while Clinton supporters sympathized more with Israel than Palestinians by a 20-point margin, Sanders supporters sympathized more with Palestinians than with Israel by a 6-point margin. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_418

In June 2016, DNC members voted against an amendment to the party platform proposed by Sanders supporter James Zogby calling for an "end to occupation and illegal settlements". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_419

In August 2018, Rashida Tlaib, who supports a one-state solution, and Ilhan Omar, who has referred to Israel as an "apartheid regime" won Democratic primaries in Michigan and Minnesota. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_420

In November 2018, shortly after being elected to Congress, Omar came out in support of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign against Israel. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_421

Voter base Democratic Party (United States)_section_42

Further information: Factions in the Democratic Party (United States) § Voter base Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_422

Professionals Democratic Party (United States)_section_43

See also: Higher education in the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_423

Professionals, those who have a college education and those whose work revolves around the conception of ideas, have tended to support the Democratic Party since 2000. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_424

Between 1988 and 2000, professionals favored Democrats by a 12-percentage point margin. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_425

While the professional class was once a stronghold of the Republican Party, it has become increasingly split between the two parties, leaning in favor of the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_426

The increasing support for Democratic candidates among professionals may be traced to the prevalence of liberal cultural values among this group: Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_427

Academics and the highly educated constitute an important part of the Democratic voter base. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_428

In a 2005 survey, 72% of full-time faculty members identified as liberal and 15% identified as conservative. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_429

Percentages of professors who identified as liberal ranged from 49% in business to over 80% in political science and the humanities. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_430

The party also has strong support among scientists, with 55% identifying as Democrats, 32% as independents, and 6% as Republicans in a 2009 study. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_431

Intellectualism, the tendency to constantly reexamine issues, has been named as an explanation why academia is strongly liberal. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_432

Those with graduate education have become increasingly Democratic in the 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008 elections. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_433

In exit polls for the 2018 elections, 65% of those with a graduate degree said they voted Democratic. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_434

Youth Democratic Party (United States)_section_44

See also: Young Democrats of America Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_435

Studies have shown that younger voters tend to vote mostly for Democratic candidates in recent years. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_436

Despite supporting Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, the young have voted in favor of the Democratic presidential candidate in every election since Bill Clinton in 1992 and are more likely to identify as liberals than the general population. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_437

In the 2004 presidential election, Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry received 54% of the vote from voters of the age group 18–29 while Republican George W. Bush received 45% of the vote from the same age group. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_438

In the 2006 midterm elections, the Democrats received 60% of the vote from the same age group. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_439

Polls suggest that younger voters have more liberal views than the public on same-sex marriage and universal health care, helping Barack Obama carry 66% of their votes in 2008. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_440

In the 2018 midterm elections, 67% of those in the 18–29 age range voted for the Democratic candidate. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_441

Women Democratic Party (United States)_section_45

Although the gender gap has varied over many years, women of all ages are more likely than men to identify as Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_442

Since the 1990s, women have supported Democratic Party candidates to various offices at higher rates than men. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_443

Polls in 2009 indicated that 41% of women identify as Democrats while only 25% of women identify as Republicans and 26% as independents whereas 32% of men identify as Democrats, 28% as Republicans and 34% as independents. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_444

Among ethnic minorities, women also are more likely than men to identify as Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_445

Also, American women that identified as single, living with a domestic partner, divorced, separated, or widowed are more likely than men in these categories to vote Democratic. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_446

The National Federation of Democratic Women is an affiliated organization meant to advocate for women's issues. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_447

National women's organizations that support Democratic candidates include Emily's List, which aims to help elect pro-choice female Democratic candidates to office. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_448

Relation to marital status and parenthood Democratic Party (United States)_section_46

Americans that identify as single, living with a domestic partner, divorced, separated, or widowed are more likely to vote Democratic in contrast to married Americans which split about equally between Democrat and Republican. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_449

General Social Surveys of more than 11,000 Democrats and Republicans conducted between 1996 and 2006 came to the result that the differences in fertility rates are not statistically significant between these parties, with the average Democrat having 1.94 children and the average Republican having 1.91 children. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_450

However, there is a significant difference in fertility rates between the two related groups liberals and conservatives, with liberals reproducing at a much lower rate than conservatives. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_451

LGBT Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_47

Democratic Party (United States)_table_general_1

LGBT votes for Democratic presidential candidatesDemocratic Party (United States)_table_caption_1
YearDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_1_0_0 CandidateDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_1_0_1 VoteDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_1_0_2
1996Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_1_0 Bill ClintonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_1_1_1 71%Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_1_2
2000Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_2_0 Al GoreDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_1_2_1 70%Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_2_2
2004Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_3_0 John KerryDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_1_3_1 77%Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_3_2
2008Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_4_0 Barack ObamaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_1_4_1 70%Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_4_2
2012Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_5_0 Barack ObamaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_1_5_1 76%Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_5_2
2016Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_6_0 Hillary ClintonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_1_6_1 78%Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_6_2
2020Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_7_0 Joe BidenDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_1_7_1 64%Democratic Party (United States)_cell_1_7_2

According to exit polling, LGBT Americans typically vote Democratic in national elections within the 70–80% range. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_452

In heavily gay precincts in large cities across the nation, the average was higher, ranging from 85 to 94%. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_453

This trend has continued since 1996 when Bill Clinton won 71% of the LGBT vote compared to Bob Dole's 16%. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_454

In 2000 Al Gore won 70% to George W. Bush's 25%, in 2004 John Kerry won 77% to George W. Bush's 23%, in 2008 Barack Obama won 70% to John McCain's 27%, and in 2012 Barack Obama won 76% to Mitt Romney's 22%, and in 2016 Hillary Clinton won 78% to Trump's 14%. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_455

In 2020 Joe Biden won 64% of the LGBT votes to Trump's 27%, the lowest in 24 years. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_456

Patrick Egan, a professor of politics at New York University specializing in LGBT voting patterns, calls this a "remarkable continuity", saying that "about three-fourths vote Democratic and one-fourth Republican from year to year". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_457

Notable LGBT Democrats include Senator Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin, Senator Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona, Representative David Cicilline of Rhode Island, Governor Kate Brown of Oregon and Governor Jared Polis of Colorado. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_458

The late activist and San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk was a Democrat as is former Representative Barney Frank of Massachusetts. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_459

The Stonewall Democrats is an LGBT advocacy group associated with the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_460

The Congressional LGBT Equality Caucus is a congressional caucus of 164 Democrats and 1 Republican that advocate for LGBT rights within the House of Representatives. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_461

Labor Democratic Party (United States)_section_48

Since the 1930s, a critical component of the Democratic Party coalition has been organized labor. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_462

Labor unions supply a great deal of the money, grass roots political organization and voting base of support for the party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_463

Democrats are far more likely to be represented by unions, although union membership has declined, in general, during the last few decades. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_464

This trend is depicted in the following graph from the book Democrats and Republicans—Rhetoric and Reality. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_465

It is based on surveys conducted by the National Election Studies (NES). Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_466

The historic decline in union membership over the past half-century has been accompanied by a growing disparity between public sector and private sector union membership percentages. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_467

The three most significant labor groupings in the Democratic coalition today are the AFL-CIO and Change to Win labor federations as well as the National Education Association, a large, unaffiliated teachers' union. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_468

Both the AFL-CIO and Change to Win have identified their top legislative priority for 2007 as passage of the Employee Free Choice Act. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_469

Other important issues for labor unions include supporting industrial policy (including protectionism) that sustains unionized manufacturing jobs, raising the minimum wage and promoting broad social programs such as Social Security and universal health care. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_470

Working class Democratic Party (United States)_section_49

Further information: Social class in the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_471

The American working class is a stronghold of the Democratic Party and continues to be an essential part of the Democratic base. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_472

Economic insecurity makes the majority of working-class people left-of-center on economic issues. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_473

However, many working class Democrats differ from liberals in their more socially conservative views. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_474

Working class Democrats tend to be more religious and more likely to belong to an ethnic minority. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_475

The continued importance of the working class manifests itself in exit polls, which show that the majority of those with working class incomes and education vote for the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_476

Since 1980, there has been a decline in support for the Democratic Party among white working class voters. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_477

In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama carried 40% of white voters without college degrees to John McCain carrying 58%. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_478

In the 2012 presidential election, Obama carried 36% of white working class voters to Mitt Romney carrying 61%. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_479

African Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_50

From the end of the Civil War, African Americans primarily favored the Republican Party due to its overwhelming political and more tangible efforts in achieving the abolition of slavery, particularly through President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_480

The South had long been a Democratic stronghold, favoring a state's right to legal slavery. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_481

In addition, the ranks of the fledgling Ku Klux Klan were composed almost entirely of white Democrats who were angry over the poor treatment they had received at the hands of northerners and who were also bent on reversing the policies of Reconstruction. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_482

However, African Americans began drifting to the Democratic Party when Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_483

Support for the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s by Democratic presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson helped give the Democrats even greater support among the African-American community, which consistently votes between 85 and 95% Democratic. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_484

Prominent modern-day African-American Democratic politicians include Jim Clyburn, Maxine Waters, Barbara Lee, Charles Rangel, John Conyers, Karen Bass, Ayanna Pressley, Ilhan Omar, Senator Cory Booker, Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, and former President Barack Obama, who managed to net over 95% of the African-American vote in the 2008 election. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_485

Despite not having a partisan affiliation, the NAACP often participates in organizing and voter turnout drives and advocates for progressive causes, especially those that affect people of color. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_486

Within the House of Representatives, the Congressional Black Caucus, consisting of 54 black Democrats, serves to represent the interests of African Americans and advocate on issues that affect them. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_487

Hispanic and Latino Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_51

The Hispanic population, particularly the large Mexican-American population in the Southwest and the large Puerto Rican and Dominican populations in the Northeast, have been strong supporters of the Democratic Party. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_488

In the 1996 presidential election, Democratic President Bill Clinton received 72% of the Hispanic vote. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_489

In following years, the Republican Party gained increasing support from the Hispanic community, especially among Hispanic Protestants and Pentecostals. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_490

With his much more liberal views on immigration, President Bush was the first Republican president to gain 40% of the Hispanic vote in the 2004 presidential election. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_491

But the Republican Party's support among Hispanics eroded in the 2006 midterm elections, dropping from 44% to 30%, with the Democrats gaining in the Hispanic vote from 55% in 2004 to 69% in 2006. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_492

Democrats increased their share of the Hispanic vote in the 2008 presidential election, with Barack Obama receiving 67%. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_493

According to exit polls by Edison Research, Obama increased his support again in 2012, winning 71% of Hispanic voters. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_494

Cuban Americans still tend to vote Republican, though there has been a noticeable change starting with the 2008 elections. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_495

During the 2008 elections, Barack Obama received 47% of the Cuban-American vote in Florida. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_496

According to Bendixen's exit polls, 84% of Miami-Dade Cuban-American voters 65 or older backed McCain, while 55% of those 29 or younger backed Obama, showing that the younger Cuban-American generation has become more liberal. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_497

Unaffiliated Hispanic advocacy groups that often support progressive candidates and causes include the National Council of La Raza and the League of United Latin American Citizens. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_498

In the House of Representatives, the Democratic caucus of Hispanic Americans is the Congressional Hispanic Caucus. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_499

In the 2018 elections, 69% of Latino Americans voted for the Democratic House candidate. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_500

Asian Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_52

The Democratic Party has considerable support in the small yet growing Asian-American population. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_501

Asian Americans had been a stronghold of the Republican Party up to and including the 1992 presidential election, in which George H. W. Bush won 55% of the Asian-American vote. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_502

Originally, the vast majority of Asian Americans were strongly anti-communist Vietnamese refugees, Chinese Americans, Taiwanese Americans, Korean Americans, and Filipino Americans, and the Republican Party's positions resonated with this demographic. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_503

The Democratic Party made gains among Asian Americans starting in 1996 and in 2006 won 62% of the Asian-American vote. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_504

Exit polls after the 2008 presidential election indicated that Democratic candidate, Barack Obama, won 62% of the Asian-American vote. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_505

In the 2012 presidential election, 73% of the Asian-American electorate voted for Obama's re-election. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_506

Barack Obama had the support of 85% of Indian Americans, 68% of Chinese Americans, and 57% of Filipino Americans. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_507

The Asian-American community's increasing number of young voters has also helped to erode traditionally reliably Republican voting blocs such as Vietnamese and Filipino Americans, leading to an increase in support for Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_508

Prominent Asian-American Democrats include Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, Senators Tammy Duckworth, Daniel Inouye, Daniel Akaka, and Mazie Hirono, former Governor and Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke, and Representatives Mike Honda, Judy Chu, Doris Matsui, Ro Khanna, Pramila Jayapal, Norman Mineta and Dalip Singh Saund, the first Asian-American representative. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_509

In the 2018 elections, 77% of Asian Americans voted for the Democratic candidate. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_510

Native Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_53

The Democratic Party also has strong support among the Native American population, particularly in Arizona, New Mexico, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, Alaska, Idaho, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Oklahoma, and North Carolina. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_511

Although now a small percentage of the population (virtually non-existent in some regions), most Native American precincts vote Democratic in margins exceeded only by African Americans. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_512

Modern-day Democratic Native American politicians include former Congressman Brad Carson of Oklahoma as well as Principal Chief Bill John Baker of the Cherokee Nation, Governor Bill Anoatubby of the Chickasaw Nation, and Chief Gary Batton of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_513

In 2018, Democrats Deb Haaland of New Mexico and Sharice Davids of Kansas became the first Native American women ever elected to Congress. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_514

Democrat Peggy Flanagan was also elected in 2018 and currently serves as Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_515

Flanagan is the second Native American woman to be elected to statewide executive office in U.S. history and the highest-ranking Native woman to be elected to executive office. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_516

Christian Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_54

See also: Christianity in the United States and Catholic Church and politics in the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_517

Black churches, mainline Protestants, evangelicals, and Catholics contributed to Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal Coalition. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_518

During the New Deal era, President Roosevelt also appealed to notions of Christian charity. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_519

In explaining his philosophy to news reporters, he said: "I am a Christian and a Democrat". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_520

Catholic Americans have traditionally been a stronghold for the Democratic Party, although they have become more divided between the two major parties in recent years. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_521

Both Catholics elected to be president, John F. Kennedy and Joe Biden, have been Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_522

In response to high white evangelical support for Donald Trump and the Republican Party, Hillary Scholten, a member of the Christian Reformed Church, founded the Christian Democrats of America. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_523

During the 2020 primaries, Christians were more likely to support Joe Biden than Bernie Sanders, who was favored among religiously unaffiliated Democrats. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_524

1,600 faith leaders (mostly mainline Protestants, evangelicals, and Catholics) supported Joe Biden's 2020 presidential bid. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_525

Robb Ryerse, political director at Vote Common Good, a religiously-motivated anti-Trump organization, estimated that there were roughly a dozen evangelical Christians running for political office as Democrats in 2020, as opposed to two or three in 2018. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_526

Jewish Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_55

See also: National Jewish Democratic Council Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_527

Jewish American communities tend to be a stronghold for the Democratic Party, with more than 70% of Jewish voters having cast their ballots for the Democrats in the 2004 and 2006 elections. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_528

Al Gore received 79% of the Jewish votes in 2000, and Barack Obama won about 77% of the Jewish vote in 2008. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_529

Support tends to vary among specific sectarian groups. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_530

For example, only 13% of Orthodox Jews supported Barack Obama in 2008 while around 60% of Conservative Jews and Reform Jews did so. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_531

In the 2018 House of Representatives elections, 79% of Jewish Americans voted for the Democratic candidate. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_532

Jews as an important Democratic constituency are especially politically active and influential in large cities such as New York City, Los Angeles, Boston and Chicago and play critical roles in large cities within presidential swing states, such as Philadelphia, Miami and Las Vegas. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_533

Many prominent national Democrats in recent decades have been Jewish, including Chuck Schumer, Carl Levin, Abraham Ribicoff, Ben Cardin, Henry Waxman, Martin Frost, Joseph Lieberman, Bernie Sanders, Dianne Feinstein, Barney Frank, Barbara Boxer, Paul Wellstone, Rahm Emanuel, Russ Feingold, Herb Kohl and Howard Metzenbaum. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_534

Arab and Muslim Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_56

Arab Americans and Muslim Americans have leaned Democratic since the Iraq War. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_535

Zogby found in June 2007 that 39% of Arab Americans identify as Democrats, 26% as Republicans and 28% as independents. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_536

Arab Americans, who are in general socially conservative yet with more diverse economic views, historically voted Republican until recent years, having supported George W. Bush over Al Gore in 2000. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_537

A 2012 poll found that 68% of Muslim Americans surveyed support Barack Obama. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_538

Secular Americans Democratic Party (United States)_section_57

Main article: Irreligion in the United States Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_539

The Democratic Party receives support from secular organizations such as the Secular Coalition for America and many agnostic and atheist Americans. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_540

Exit polls from the 2008 election showed that voters with a religious affiliation of "none" accounted for the 12% of the electorate and voted for Obama by a 75–25% margin. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_541

In his first inaugural address, Obama acknowledged atheists by saying that the United States is not just "Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus but non-believers as well". Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_542

In the 2012 election cycle, Obama had moderate to high ratings with the Secular Coalition for America while the majority of the Republican candidates had ratings in the low-to-failing range. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_543

In 2020 United States presidential election, exit polls show that voters with religious affiliation of “none” accounted for 22% of the electorate and voted for Biden by a 65-31% margin. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_544

Democratic presidents Democratic Party (United States)_section_58

As of 2020, there have been a total of 15 Democratic Party presidents. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_545

Democratic Party (United States)_table_general_2

#Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_2_0_0 NameDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_2_0_1 PortraitDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_2_0_2 StateDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_2_0_3 Presidency

start dateDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_2_0_4

Presidency

end dateDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_2_0_5

Time in officeDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_2_0_6
7Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_1_0 Andrew Jackson (1767–1845)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_1_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_1_2 TennesseeDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_1_3 March 4, 1829Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_1_4 March 4, 1837Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_1_5 8 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_1_6
8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_2_0 Martin Van Buren (1782–1862)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_2_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_2_2 New YorkDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_2_3 March 4, 1837Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_2_4 March 4, 1841Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_2_5 4 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_2_6
11Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_3_0 James K. Polk (1795–1849)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_3_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_3_2 TennesseeDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_3_3 March 4, 1845Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_3_4 March 4, 1849Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_3_5 4 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_3_6
14Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_4_0 Franklin Pierce (1804–1869)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_4_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_4_2 New HampshireDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_4_3 March 4, 1853Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_4_4 March 4, 1857Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_4_5 4 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_4_6
15Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_5_0 James Buchanan (1791–1868)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_5_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_5_2 PennsylvaniaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_5_3 March 4, 1857Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_5_4 March 4, 1861Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_5_5 4 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_5_6
17Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_6_0 Andrew Johnson (1808–1875)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_6_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_6_2 TennesseeDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_6_3 April 15, 1865Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_6_4 March 4, 1869Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_6_5 3 years, 323 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_6_6
22Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_7_0 Grover Cleveland (1837–1908)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_7_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_7_2 New YorkDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_7_3 March 4, 1885Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_7_4 March 4, 1889Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_7_5 8 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_7_6
24Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_8_0 March 4, 1893Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_8_1 March 4, 1897Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_8_2
28Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_9_0 Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_9_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_9_2 New JerseyDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_9_3 March 4, 1913Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_9_4 March 4, 1921Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_9_5 8 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_9_6
32Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_10_0 Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_10_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_10_2 New YorkDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_10_3 March 4, 1933Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_10_4 April 12, 1945Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_10_5 12 years, 39 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_10_6
33Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_11_0 Harry S. Truman (1884–1972)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_11_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_11_2 MissouriDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_11_3 April 12, 1945Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_11_4 January 20, 1953Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_11_5 7 years, 283 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_11_6
35Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_12_0 John F. Kennedy (1917–1963)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_12_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_12_2 MassachusettsDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_12_3 January 20, 1961Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_12_4 November 22, 1963Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_12_5 2 years, 306 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_12_6
36Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_13_0 Lyndon B. Johnson (1908–1973)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_13_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_13_2 TexasDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_13_3 November 22, 1963Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_13_4 January 20, 1969Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_13_5 5 years, 59 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_13_6
39Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_14_0 Jimmy Carter (born 1924)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_14_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_14_2 GeorgiaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_14_3 January 20, 1977Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_14_4 January 20, 1981Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_14_5 4 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_14_6
42Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_15_0 Bill Clinton (born 1946)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_15_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_15_2 ArkansasDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_15_3 January 20, 1993Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_15_4 January 20, 2001Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_15_5 8 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_15_6
44Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_16_0 Barack Obama (born 1961)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_16_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_16_2 IllinoisDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_16_3 January 20, 2009Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_16_4 January 20, 2017Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_16_5 8 years, 0 daysDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_16_6
46 (Elect)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_17_0 Joe Biden (born 1942)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_17_1 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_17_2 DelawareDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_2_17_3 January 20, 2021Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_17_4 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_17_5 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_2_17_6

Supreme Court justices appointed by Democratic presidents Democratic Party (United States)_section_59

In the Supreme Court, as of October 2020, three of the nine seats are filled by justices appointed by Democratic presidents. Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_546

Recent electoral history Democratic Party (United States)_section_60

In congressional elections: 1950–present Democratic Party (United States)_section_61

See also: Party divisions of United States Congresses Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_547

Democratic Party (United States)_table_general_3

House of RepresentativesDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_0_0 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_0_3 PresidentDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_0_4 Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_0_5 SenateDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_0_6
Election

yearDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_1_0

No. of

seats wonDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_1_1

+/–Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_1_2 No. of

seats wonDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_1_3

+/–Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_1_4 Election

yearDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_1_5

1950Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_2_0 235 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_2_1 28Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_2_2 Harry S. TrumanDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_2_3 49 / 96Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_2_4 5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_2_5 1950Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_2_6
1952Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_3_0 213 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_3_1 22Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_3_2 Dwight D. EisenhowerDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_3_3 47 / 96Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_3_4 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_3_5 1952Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_3_6
1954Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_4_0 232 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_4_1 19Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_4_2 49 / 96Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_4_3 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_4_4 1954Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_4_5
1956Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_5_0 234 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_5_1 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_5_2 49 / 96Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_5_3 0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_5_4 1956Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_5_5
1958Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_6_0 283 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_6_1 49Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_6_2 64 / 98Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_6_3 15Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_6_4 1958Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_6_5
1960Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_7_0 262 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_7_1 21Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_7_2 John F. KennedyDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_7_3 64 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_7_4 1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_7_5 1960Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_7_6
1962Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_8_0 258 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_8_1 4Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_8_2 66 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_8_3 3Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_8_4 1962Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_8_5
1964Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_9_0 295 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_9_1 37Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_9_2 Lyndon B. JohnsonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_9_3 68 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_9_4 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_9_5 1964Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_9_6
1966Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_10_0 248 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_10_1 47Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_10_2 64 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_10_3 3Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_10_4 1966Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_10_5
1968Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_11_0 243 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_11_1 5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_11_2 Richard NixonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_11_3 57 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_11_4 5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_11_5 1968Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_11_6
1970Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_12_0 255 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_12_1 12Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_12_2 54 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_12_3 3Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_12_4 1970Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_12_5
1972Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_13_0 242 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_13_1 13Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_13_2 56 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_13_3 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_13_4 1972Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_13_5
1974Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_14_0 291 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_14_1 49Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_14_2 Gerald FordDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_14_3 60 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_14_4 4Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_14_5 1974Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_14_6
1976Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_15_0 292 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_15_1 1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_15_2 Jimmy CarterDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_15_3 61 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_15_4 0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_15_5 1976Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_15_6
1978Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_16_0 277 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_16_1 15Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_16_2 58 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_16_3 3Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_16_4 1978Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_16_5
1980Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_17_0 243 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_17_1 34Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_17_2 Ronald ReaganDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_17_3 46 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_17_4 12Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_17_5 1980Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_17_6
1982Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_18_0 269 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_18_1 26Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_18_2 46 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_18_3 1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_18_4 1982Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_18_5
1984Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_19_0 253 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_19_1 16Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_19_2 47 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_19_3 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_19_4 1984Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_19_5
1986Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_20_0 258 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_20_1 5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_20_2 55 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_20_3 8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_20_4 1986Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_20_5
1988Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_21_0 260 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_21_1 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_21_2 George H.W. BushDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_21_3 55 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_21_4 1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_21_5 1988Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_21_6
1990Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_22_0 267 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_22_1 7Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_22_2 56 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_22_3 1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_22_4 1990Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_22_5
1992Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_23_0 258 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_23_1 9Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_23_2 Bill ClintonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_23_3 57 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_23_4 1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_23_5 1992Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_23_6
1994Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_24_0 204 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_24_1 54Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_24_2 47 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_24_3 10Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_24_4 1994Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_24_5
1996Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_25_0 206 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_25_1 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_25_2 45 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_25_3 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_25_4 1996Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_25_5
1998Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_26_0 211 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_26_1 5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_26_2 45 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_26_3 0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_26_4 1998Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_26_5
2000Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_27_0 212 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_27_1 1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_27_2 George W. BushDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_27_3 50 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_27_4 5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_27_5 2000Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_27_6
2002Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_28_0 204 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_28_1 7Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_28_2 49 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_28_3 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_28_4 2002Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_28_5
2004Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_29_0 202 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_29_1 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_29_2 45 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_29_3 4Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_29_4 2004Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_29_5
2006Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_30_0 233 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_30_1 31Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_30_2 51 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_30_3 6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_30_4 2006Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_30_5
2008Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_31_0 257 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_31_1 21Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_31_2 Barack ObamaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_31_3 59 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_31_4 8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_31_5 2008Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_31_6
2010Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_32_0 193 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_32_1 63Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_32_2 53 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_32_3 6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_32_4 2010Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_32_5
2012Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_33_0 201 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_33_1 8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_33_2 55 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_33_3 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_33_4 2012Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_33_5
2014Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_34_0 188 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_34_1 13Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_34_2 46 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_34_3 9Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_34_4 2014Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_34_5
2016Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_35_0 194 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_35_1 6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_35_2 Donald TrumpDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_35_3 48 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_35_4 2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_35_5 2016Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_35_6
2018Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_36_0 235 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_36_1 41Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_36_2 47 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_36_3 1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_36_4 2018Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_36_5
2020Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_37_0 222 / 435Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_37_1 TBADemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_37_2 Joe BidenDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_37_3 48 / 100Democratic Party (United States)_cell_3_37_4 TBADemocratic Party (United States)_cell_3_37_5 2020Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_3_37_6

In presidential elections: 1828–present Democratic Party (United States)_section_62

See also: List of United States Democratic Party presidential tickets Democratic Party (United States)_sentence_548

Democratic Party (United States)_table_general_4

Election

yearDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_4_0_0

CandidatesDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_4_0_1 VotesDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_4_0_2 Vote %Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_4_0_3 Electoral votesDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_4_0_4 +/–Democratic Party (United States)_header_cell_4_0_5 ResultDemocratic Party (United States)_header_cell_4_0_6
1828Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_1_0 Andrew JacksonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_1_1 642,553Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_1_2 56.0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_1_3 178 / 261Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_1_4 178Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_1_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_1_6
1832Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_2_0 Andrew JacksonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_2_1 701,780Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_2_2 54.2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_2_3 219 / 286Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_2_4 41Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_2_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_2_6
1836Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_3_0 Martin Van BurenDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_3_1 764,176Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_3_2 50.8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_3_3 170 / 294Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_3_4 49Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_3_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_3_6
1840Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_4_0 Martin Van BurenDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_4_1 1,128,854Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_4_2 46.8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_4_3 60 / 294Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_4_4 110Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_4_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_4_6
1844Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_5_0 James K. PolkDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_5_1 1,339,494Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_5_2 49.5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_5_3 170 / 275Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_5_4 110Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_5_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_5_6
1848Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_6_0 Lewis CassDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_6_1 1,223,460Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_6_2 42.5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_6_3 127 / 290Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_6_4 43Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_6_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_6_6
1852Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_7_0 Franklin PierceDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_7_1 1,607,510Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_7_2 50.8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_7_3 254 / 296Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_7_4 127Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_7_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_7_6
1856Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_8_0 James BuchananDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_8_1 1,836,072Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_8_2 45.3Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_8_3 174 / 296Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_8_4 80Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_8_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_8_6
1860Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_9_0 Stephen A. DouglasDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_9_1 1,380,202Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_9_2 29.5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_9_3 12 / 303Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_9_4 162Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_9_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_9_6
1864Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_10_0 George B. McClellanDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_10_1 1,812,807Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_10_2 45.0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_10_3 21 / 233Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_10_4 9Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_10_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_10_6
1868Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_11_0 Horatio SeymourDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_11_1 2,706,829Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_11_2 47.3Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_11_3 80 / 294Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_11_4 59Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_11_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_11_6
1872Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_12_0 Horace Greeley (Liberal Republican)Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_12_1 2,834,761Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_12_2 43.8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_12_3 69 / 352Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_12_4 11Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_12_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_12_6
1876Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_13_0 Samuel J. TildenDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_13_1 4,288,546Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_13_2 50.9Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_13_3 184 / 369Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_13_4 115Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_13_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_13_6
1880Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_14_0 Winfield Scott HancockDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_14_1 4,444,260Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_14_2 48.2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_14_3 155 / 369Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_14_4 29Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_14_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_14_6
1884Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_15_0 Grover ClevelandDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_15_1 4,914,482Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_15_2 48.9Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_15_3 219 / 401Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_15_4 64Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_15_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_15_6
1888Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_16_0 Grover ClevelandDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_16_1 5,534,488Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_16_2 48.6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_16_3 168 / 401Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_16_4 51Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_16_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_16_6
1892Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_17_0 Grover ClevelandDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_17_1 5,556,918Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_17_2 46.0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_17_3 277 / 444Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_17_4 109Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_17_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_17_6
1896Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_18_0 William Jennings BryanDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_18_1 6,509,052Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_18_2 46.7Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_18_3 176 / 447Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_18_4 101Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_18_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_18_6
1900Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_19_0 William Jennings BryanDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_19_1 6,370,932Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_19_2 45.5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_19_3 155 / 447Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_19_4 21Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_19_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_19_6
1904Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_20_0 Alton B. ParkerDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_20_1 5,083,880Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_20_2 37.6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_20_3 140 / 476Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_20_4 15Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_20_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_20_6
1908Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_21_0 William Jennings BryanDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_21_1 6,408,984Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_21_2 43.0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_21_3 162 / 483Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_21_4 22Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_21_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_21_6
1912Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_22_0 Woodrow WilsonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_22_1 6,296,284Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_22_2 41.8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_22_3 435 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_22_4 273Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_22_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_22_6
1916Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_23_0 Woodrow WilsonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_23_1 9,126,868Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_23_2 49.2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_23_3 277 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_23_4 158Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_23_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_23_6
1920Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_24_0 James M. CoxDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_24_1 9,139,661Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_24_2 34.2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_24_3 127 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_24_4 150Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_24_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_24_6
1924Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_25_0 John W. DavisDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_25_1 8,386,242Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_25_2 28.8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_25_3 136 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_25_4 9Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_25_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_25_6
1928Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_26_0 Al SmithDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_26_1 15,015,464Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_26_2 40.8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_26_3 87 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_26_4 49Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_26_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_26_6
1932Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_27_0 Franklin D. RooseveltDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_27_1 22,821,277Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_27_2 57.4Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_27_3 472 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_27_4 385Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_27_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_27_6
1936Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_28_0 Franklin D. RooseveltDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_28_1 27,747,636Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_28_2 60.8Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_28_3 523 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_28_4 51Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_28_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_28_6
1940Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_29_0 Franklin D. RooseveltDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_29_1 27,313,945Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_29_2 54.7Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_29_3 449 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_29_4 74Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_29_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_29_6
1944Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_30_0 Franklin D. RooseveltDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_30_1 25,612,916Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_30_2 53.4Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_30_3 432 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_30_4 17Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_30_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_30_6
1948Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_31_0 Harry S. TrumanDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_31_1 24,179,347Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_31_2 49.6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_31_3 303 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_31_4 129Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_31_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_31_6
1952Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_32_0 Adlai StevensonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_32_1 27,375,090Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_32_2 44.3Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_32_3 89 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_32_4 214Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_32_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_32_6
1956Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_33_0 Adlai StevensonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_33_1 26,028,028Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_33_2 42.0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_33_3 73 / 531Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_33_4 16Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_33_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_33_6
1960Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_34_0 John F. KennedyDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_34_1 34,220,984Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_34_2 49.7Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_34_3 303 / 537Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_34_4 230Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_34_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_34_6
1964Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_35_0 Lyndon B. JohnsonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_35_1 43,127,041Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_35_2 61.1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_35_3 486 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_35_4 183Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_35_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_35_6
1968Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_36_0 Hubert HumphreyDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_36_1 31,271,839Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_36_2 42.7Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_36_3 191 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_36_4 295Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_36_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_36_6
1972Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_37_0 George McGovernDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_37_1 29,173,222Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_37_2 37.5Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_37_3 17 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_37_4 174Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_37_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_37_6
1976Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_38_0 Jimmy CarterDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_38_1 40,831,881Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_38_2 50.1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_38_3 297 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_38_4 280Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_38_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_38_6
1980Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_39_0 Jimmy CarterDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_39_1 35,480,115Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_39_2 41.0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_39_3 49 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_39_4 248Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_39_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_39_6
1984Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_40_0 Walter MondaleDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_40_1 37,577,352Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_40_2 40.6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_40_3 13 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_40_4 36Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_40_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_40_6
1988Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_41_0 Michael DukakisDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_41_1 41,809,074Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_41_2 45.6Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_41_3 111 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_41_4 98Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_41_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_41_6
1992Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_42_0 Bill ClintonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_42_1 44,909,806Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_42_2 43.0Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_42_3 370 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_42_4 259Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_42_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_42_6
1996Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_43_0 Bill ClintonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_43_1 47,401,185Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_43_2 49.2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_43_3 379 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_43_4 9Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_43_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_43_6
2000Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_44_0 Al GoreDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_44_1 50,999,897Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_44_2 48.4Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_44_3 266 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_44_4 113Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_44_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_44_6
2004Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_45_0 John KerryDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_45_1 59,028,444Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_45_2 48.3Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_45_3 251 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_45_4 15Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_45_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_45_6
2008Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_46_0 Barack ObamaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_46_1 69,498,516Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_46_2 52.9Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_46_3 365 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_46_4 114Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_46_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_46_6
2012Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_47_0 Barack ObamaDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_47_1 65,915,795Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_47_2 51.1Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_47_3 332 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_47_4 33Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_47_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_47_6
2016Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_48_0 Hillary ClintonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_48_1 65,853,514Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_48_2 48.2Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_48_3 227 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_48_4 105Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_48_5 LostDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_48_6
2020Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_49_0 Joe BidenDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_49_1 TBDDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_49_2 TBDDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_49_3 0 / 538Democratic Party (United States)_cell_4_49_4 TBADemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_49_5 WonDemocratic Party (United States)_cell_4_49_6

See also Democratic Party (United States)_section_63

Democratic Party (United States)_unordered_list_4


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic Party (United States).