Reception piece

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
(Redirected from Diploma work)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

In art, a reception piece is a work submitted by an artist to an academy for approval as part of the requirements for admission to membership. Reception piece_sentence_0

The piece is normally representative of the artist's work, and the organization's judgement of its skill may or may not form part of the criteria for accepting a new entrant. Reception piece_sentence_1

The work itself is usually retained by the academy, and many academies have large and valuable collections acquired in this way. Reception piece_sentence_2

Alternative terms include diploma work at the Royal Academy in London (where some 18th and 19th century examples are on display), diploma piece, and in France at the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, tableau de réception or morceau de réception. Reception piece_sentence_3

The term masterpiece originated in the same way under the earlier system of guilds, including those for artists. Reception piece_sentence_4

Origins Reception piece_section_0

The requirement to submit a reception or diploma piece is closely related to the practice in the medieval period and later of requiring a craftsman to submit one or more virtuoso or test-pieces to a guild to demonstrate his skill before he was granted membership. Reception piece_sentence_5

Joining an academy Reception piece_section_1

Membership of an academy may be by genre or technique and limited by numbers or age. Reception piece_sentence_6

The Royal Academy, London, for instance, at one time limited the number of engravers who could join, and where artistic styles and tastes change, new categories of membership may be created as necessary. Reception piece_sentence_7

When Antoine Watteau applied to join the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, there was no suitable category for his fête galante works, so the academy simply created one rather than reject his application, describing him as a "peintre des festes galantes". Reception piece_sentence_8

While this acknowledged Watteau as the originator of the genre, it also prevented him being recognised as a history painter, the highest class of painter, and the only one from which the academy's professors were drawn. Reception piece_sentence_9

Charles-Antoine Coypel, the son of its then director, later said: "The charming paintings of this gracious painter would be a bad guide for whoever wished to paint the Acts of the Apostles." Reception piece_sentence_10

In 1728, when Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin was admitted to the same academy for The Ray, it was as a "painter of animals and fruits". Reception piece_sentence_11

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: piece.