Dizzy Gillespie

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This article is about the jazz musician. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_0

For the Australian cricketer nicknamed "Dizzy", see Jason Gillespie. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_1

Dizzy Gillespie_table_infobox_0

Dizzy GillespieDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_2_0 John Birks GillespieDizzy Gillespie_cell_0_2_1
BornDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_3_0 (1917-10-21)October 21, 1917

Cheraw, South Carolina, U.S.Dizzy Gillespie_cell_0_3_1

DiedDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_4_0 January 6, 1993(1993-01-06) (aged 75)

Englewood, New Jersey, U.S.Dizzy Gillespie_cell_0_4_1

GenresDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_5_0 Dizzy Gillespie_cell_0_5_1
Occupation(s)Dizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_6_0 Dizzy Gillespie_cell_0_6_1
InstrumentsDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_7_0 Dizzy Gillespie_cell_0_7_1
Years activeDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_8_0 1935–1993Dizzy Gillespie_cell_0_8_1
LabelsDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_9_0 ImpulseDizzy Gillespie_cell_0_9_1
Spouse(s)Dizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_10_0 Lorraine Willis ​(m. 1940)​Dizzy Gillespie_cell_0_10_1
ChildrenDizzy Gillespie_header_cell_0_11_0 Jeanie BrysonDizzy Gillespie_cell_0_11_1

John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (/ɡɪˈlɛspi/; October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, educator and singer. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_2

He was a trumpet virtuoso and improviser, building on the virtuoso style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic and rhythmic complexity previously unheard in jazz. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_3

His combination of musicianship, showmanship, and wit made him a leading popularizer of the new music called bebop. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_4

His beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his scat singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks, and his light-hearted personality provided some of bebop's most prominent symbols. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_5

In the 1940s Gillespie, with Charlie Parker, became a major figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_6

He taught and influenced many other musicians, including trumpeters Miles Davis, Jon Faddis, Fats Navarro, Clifford Brown, Arturo Sandoval, Lee Morgan, Chuck Mangione, and balladeer Johnny Hartman. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_7

Scott Yanow wrote, "Dizzy Gillespie's contributions to jazz were huge. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_8

One of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time, Gillespie was such a complex player that his contemporaries ended up being similar to those of Miles Davis and Fats Navarro instead, and it was not until Jon Faddis's emergence in the 1970s that Dizzy's style was successfully recreated [....] Gillespie is remembered, by both critics and fans alike, as one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time". Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_9

Biography Dizzy Gillespie_section_0

Early life and career Dizzy Gillespie_section_1

The youngest of nine children of Lottie and James Gillespie, Dizzy Gillespie was born in Cheraw, South Carolina. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_10

His father was a local bandleader, so instruments were made available to the children. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_11

Gillespie started to play the piano at the age of four. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_12

Gillespie's father died when he was only ten years old. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_13

He taught himself how to play the trombone as well as the trumpet by the age of twelve. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_14

From the night he heard his idol, Roy Eldridge, on the radio, he dreamed of becoming a jazz musician. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_15

He won a music scholarship to the Laurinburg Institute in North Carolina which he attended for two years before accompanying his family when they moved to Philadelphia in 1935. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_16

Gillespie's first professional job was with the Frank Fairfax Orchestra in 1935, after which he joined the respective orchestras of Edgar Hayes and later Teddy Hill, replacing Frankie Newton as second trumpet in May 1937. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_17

Teddy Hill's band was where Gillespie made his first recording, "King Porter Stomp". Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_18

In August 1937 while gigging with Hayes in Washington D.C., Gillespie met a young dancer named Lorraine Willis who worked a Baltimore–Philadelphia–New York City circuit which included the Apollo Theater. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_19

Willis was not immediately friendly but Gillespie was attracted anyway. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_20

The two married on May 9, 1940. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_21

Gillespie stayed with Teddy Hill's band for a year, then left and freelanced with other bands. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_22

In 1939, with the help of Willis, Gillespie joined Cab Calloway's orchestra. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_23

He recorded one of his earliest compositions, "Pickin' the Cabbage", with Calloway in 1940. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_24

After an altercation between the two, Calloway fired Gillespie in late 1941. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_25

The incident is recounted by Gillespie and Calloway's band members Milt Hinton and Jonah Jones in Jean Bach's 1997 film, The Spitball Story. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_26

Calloway disapproved of Gillespie's mischievous humor and his adventuresome approach to soloing. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_27

According to Jones, Calloway referred to it as "Chinese music". Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_28

During rehearsal, someone in the band threw a spitball. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_29

Already in a foul mood, Calloway blamed Gillespie, who refused to take the blame. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_30

Gillespie stabbed Calloway in the leg with a knife. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_31

Calloway had minor cuts on the thigh and wrist. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_32

After the two were separated, Calloway fired Gillespie. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_33

A few days later, Gillespie tried to apologize to Calloway, but he was dismissed. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_34

During his time in Calloway's band, Gillespie started writing big band music for Woody Herman and Jimmy Dorsey. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_35

He then freelanced with a few bands, most notably Ella Fitzgerald's orchestra, composed of members of the Chick Webb's band. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_36

Gillespie did not serve in World War II. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_37

At his Selective Service interview, he told the local board, "in this stage of my life here in the United States whose foot has been in my ass?" Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_38

and "So if you put me out there with a gun in my hand and tell me to shoot at the enemy, I'm liable to create a case of 'mistaken identity' of who I might shoot." Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_39

He was classified 4-F. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_40

In 1943, he joined the Earl Hines band. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_41

Composer Gunther Schuller said, Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_42

Gillespie said of the Hines band, "[p]eople talk about the Hines band being 'the incubator of bop' and the leading exponents of that music ended up in the Hines band. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_43

But people also have the erroneous impression that the music was new. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_44

It was not. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_45

The music evolved from what went before. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_46

It was the same basic music. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_47

The difference was in how you got from here to here to here ... naturally each age has got its own shit." Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_48

Gillespie joined the big band of Hines' long-time collaborator Billy Eckstine, and it was as a member of Eckstine's band that he was reunited with Charlie Parker, a fellow member. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_49

In 1945, Gillespie left Eckstine's band because he wanted to play with a small combo. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_50

A "small combo" typically comprised no more than five musicians, playing the trumpet, saxophone, piano, bass and drums. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_51

Rise of bebop Dizzy Gillespie_section_2

Bebop was known as the first modern jazz style. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_52

However, it was unpopular in the beginning and was not viewed as positively as swing music was. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_53

Bebop was seen as an outgrowth of swing, not a revolution. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_54

Swing introduced a diversity of new musicians in the bebop era like Charlie Parker, Thelonious Monk, Bud Powell, Kenny Clarke, Oscar Pettiford, and Gillespie. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_55

Through these musicians, a new vocabulary of musical phrases was created. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_56

With Parker, Gillespie jammed at famous jazz clubs like Minton's Playhouse and Monroe's Uptown House. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_57

Parker's system also held methods of adding chords to existing chord progressions and implying additional chords within the improvised lines Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_58

Gillespie compositions like "Groovin' High", "Woody 'n' You", and "Salt Peanuts" sounded radically different, harmonically and rhythmically, from the swing music popular at the time. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_59

"A Night in Tunisia", written in 1942, while he was playing with Earl Hines' band, is noted for having a feature that is common in today's music: a syncopated bass line. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_60

"Woody 'n' You" was recorded in a session led by Coleman Hawkins with Gillespie as a featured sideman on February 16, 1944 (Apollo), the first formal recording of bebop. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_61

He appeared in recordings by the Billy Eckstine band and started recording prolifically as a leader and sideman in early 1945. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_62

He was not content to let bebop sit in a niche of small groups in small clubs. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_63

A concert by one of his small groups in New York's Town Hall on June 22, 1945 presented bebop to a broad audience; recordings of it were released in 2005. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_64

He started to organize big bands in late 1945. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_65

Dizzy Gillespie and his Bebop Six, which included Parker, started an extended gig at Billy Berg's club in Los Angeles in December 1945. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_66

Reception was mixed and the band broke up. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_67

In February 1946 he signed a contract with Bluebird, gaining the distribution power of RCA for his music. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_68

He and his big band headlined the 1946 film Jivin' in Be-Bop. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_69

After his work with Parker, Gillespie led other small combos (including ones with Milt Jackson, John Coltrane, Lalo Schifrin, Ray Brown, Kenny Clarke, James Moody, J.J. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_70 Johnson, and Yusef Lateef) and put together his successful big bands starting in 1947. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_71

He and his big bands, with arrangements provided by Tadd Dameron, Gil Fuller, and George Russell, popularized bebop and made him a symbol of the new music. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_72

His big bands of the late 1940s also featured Cuban rumberos Chano Pozo and Sabu Martinez, sparking interest in Afro-Cuban jazz. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_73

He appeared frequently as a soloist with Norman Granz's Jazz at the Philharmonic. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_74

Gillespie and his Bee Bop Orchestra was the featured star of the 4th Cavalcade of Jazz concert held at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles which was produced by Leon Hefflin, Sr. on September 12, 1948. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_75

The young maestro had recently returned from Europe where his music rocked the continent. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_76

The program description noted "the musicianship, inventive technique, and daring of this young man has created a new style, which can be defined as off the chord solo gymnastics." Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_77

Also on the program that day were Frankie Laine, Little Miss Cornshucks, The Sweethearts of Rhythm, The Honeydrippers, Big Joe Turner, Jimmy Witherspoon, The Blenders, and The Sensations. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_78

In 1948, Gillespie was involved in a traffic accident when the bicycle he was riding was bumped by an automobile. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_79

He was slightly injured and found that he could no longer hit the B-flat above high C. He won the case, but the jury awarded him only $1000 in view of his high earnings up to that point. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_80

In 1951, Gillespie founded his record label, Dee Gee Records; it closed in 1953. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_81

On January 6, 1953, he threw a party for his wife Lorraine at Snookie's, a club in Manhattan, where his trumpet's bell got bent upward in an accident, but he liked the sound so much he had a special trumpet made with a 45 degree raised bell, becoming his trademark. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_82

In 1956 Gillespie organized a band to go on a State Department tour of the Middle East which was well-received internationally and earned him the nickname "the Ambassador of Jazz". Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_83

During this time, he also continued to lead a big band that performed throughout the United States and featured musicians including Pee Wee Moore and others. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_84

This band recorded a live album at the 1957 Newport jazz festival that featured Mary Lou Williams as a guest artist on piano. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_85

Afro-Cuban jazz Dizzy Gillespie_section_3

In the late 1940s, Gillespie was involved in the movement called Afro-Cuban music, bringing Afro-Latin American music and elements to greater prominence in jazz and even pop music, particularly salsa. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_86

Afro-Cuban jazz is based on traditional Afro-Cuban rhythms. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_87

Gillespie was introduced to Chano Pozo in 1947 by Mario Bauza, a Latin jazz trumpet player. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_88

Chano Pozo became Gillespie's conga drummer for his band. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_89

Gillespie also worked with Mario Bauza in New York jazz clubs on 52nd Street and several famous dance clubs such as the Palladium and the Apollo Theater in Harlem. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_90

They played together in the Chick Webb band and Cab Calloway's band, where Gillespie and Bauza became lifelong friends. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_91

Gillespie helped develop and mature the Afro-Cuban jazz style. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_92

Afro-Cuban jazz was considered bebop-oriented, and some musicians classified it as a modern style. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_93

Afro-Cuban jazz was successful because it never decreased in popularity and it always attracted people to dance. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_94

Gillespie's most famous contributions to Afro-Cuban music are "Manteca" and "Tin Tin Deo" (both co-written with Chano Pozo); he was responsible for commissioning George Russell's "Cubano Be, Cubano Bop", which featured Pozo. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_95

In 1977, Gillespie met Arturo Sandoval during a jazz cruise to Havana. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_96

Sandoval toured with Gillespie and defected in Rome in 1990 while touring with Gillespie and the United Nations Orchestra. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_97

Final years Dizzy Gillespie_section_4

In the 1980s, Gillespie led the United Nation Orchestra. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_98

For three years Flora Purim toured with the Orchestra. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_99

She credits Gillespie with improving her understanding of jazz. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_100

He starred in the film The Winter in Lisbon that was released as El invierno en Lisboa in 1992 and re-released in 2004. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_101

The soundtrack album, featuring him, was recorded in 1990 and released in 1991. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_102

The film is a crime drama about a jazz pianist who falls for a dangerous woman while in Portugal with an American expatriate's jazz band. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_103

In December 1991, during an engagement at Kimball's East in Emeryville, California, he suffered a crisis from what turned out to be pancreatic cancer. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_104

He performed one more night but cancelled the rest of the tour for medical reasons, ending his 56-year touring career. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_105

He led his last recording session on January 25, 1992. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_106

On November 26, 1992, Carnegie Hall, following the Second Baháʼí World Congress, celebrated Gillespie's 75th birthday concert and his offering to the celebration of the centenary of the passing of Baháʼu'lláh. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_107

Gillespie was to appear at Carnegie Hall for the 33rd time. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_108

The line-up included Jon Faddis, James Moody, Paquito D'Rivera, and the Mike Longo Trio with Ben Brown on bass and Mickey Roker on drums. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_109

Gillespie was too unwell to attend. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_110

"But the musicians played their real hearts out for him, no doubt suspecting that he would not play again. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_111

Each musician gave tribute to their friend, this great soul and innovator in the world of jazz." Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_112

Death and postmortem Dizzy Gillespie_section_5

A longtime resident of Englewood, New Jersey, Gillespie died of pancreatic cancer on January 6, 1993, at the age of 75 and was buried in Flushing Cemetery, Queens, New York City. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_113

Mike Longo delivered a eulogy at his funeral. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_114

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Dizzy Gillespie among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_115

Politics and religion Dizzy Gillespie_section_6

During the 1964 United States presidential campaign, Gillespie put himself forward as an independent write-in candidate. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_116

He promised that if he were elected, the White House would be renamed the Blues House, and he would have a cabinet composed of Duke Ellington (Secretary of State), Miles Davis (Director of the CIA), Max Roach (Secretary of Defense), Charles Mingus (Secretary of Peace), Ray Charles (Librarian of Congress), Louis Armstrong (Secretary of Agriculture), Mary Lou Williams (Ambassador to the Vatican), Thelonious Monk (Travelling Ambassador) and Malcolm X (Attorney General). Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_117

He said his running mate would be Phyllis Diller. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_118

Campaign buttons had been manufactured years before by Gillespie's booking agency as a joke but proceeds went to Congress of Racial Equality, Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Martin Luther King Jr.; in later years they became a collector's item. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_119

In 1971, he announced he would run again but withdrew before the election. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_120

Shortly after the death of Charlie Parker, Gillespie encountered an audience member after a show. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_121

They had a conversation about the oneness of humanity and the elimination of racism from the perspective of the Baháʼí Faith. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_122

Impacted by the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968, he became a Baháʼí that same year. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_123

The universalist emphasis of his religion prodded him to see himself more as a global citizen and humanitarian, expanding on his interest in his African heritage. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_124

His spirituality brought out generosity and what author Nat Hentoff called an inner strength, discipline, and "soul force". Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_125

Gillespie's conversion was most affected by Bill Sears' book Thief in the Night. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_126

Gillespie spoke about the Baháʼí Faith frequently on his trips abroad. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_127

He is honored with weekly jazz sessions at the New York Baháʼí Center in the memorial auditorium. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_128

Personal life Dizzy Gillespie_section_7

Gillespie married dancer Lorraine Willis in Boston on May 9, 1940. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_129

They remained together until his death in 1993. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_130

Willis managed his business and personal affairs. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_131

The couple had no children, but Gillespie fathered a daughter, jazz singer Jeanie Bryson, born in 1958 from an affair with songwriter Connie Bryson. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_132

Gillespie met Bryson, a Juilliard-trained pianist, at the jazz club Birdland in New York City. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_133

Although the paternity of his daughter was kept a secret from the public, Gillespie sporadically communicated with her through the years. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_134

Through Bryson, Gillespie was a grandfather to Radji Birks Bryson-Barrett. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_135

Artistry Dizzy Gillespie_section_8

Style Dizzy Gillespie_section_9

Gillespie has been described as the "sound of surprise". Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_136

The Rough Guide to Jazz describes his musical style: Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_137

In Gillespie's obituary, Peter Watrous describes his performance style: Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_138

Wynton Marsalis summarized Gillespie as a player and teacher: Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_139

Bent trumpet Dizzy Gillespie_section_10

Gillespie's trademark trumpet featured a bell which bent upward at a 45-degree angle rather than pointing straight ahead as in the conventional design. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_140

According to Gillespie's autobiography, this was originally the result of accidental damage caused by the dancers Stump and Stumpy falling onto the instrument while it was on a trumpet stand on stage at Snookie's in Manhattan on January 6, 1953, during a birthday party for Gillespie's wife Lorraine. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_141

The constriction caused by the bending altered the tone of the instrument, and Gillespie liked the effect. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_142

He had the trumpet straightened out the next day, but he could not forget the tone. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_143

Gillespie sent a request to Martin to make him a "bent" trumpet from a sketch produced by Lorraine, and from that time forward played a trumpet with an upturned bell. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_144

By June 1954 he was using a professionally manufactured horn of this design, and it was to become a trademark for the rest of his life. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_145

Such trumpets were made for him by Martin (from 1954), King Musical Instruments (from 1972) and Renold Schilke (from 1982, a gift from Jon Faddis). Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_146

Gillespie favored mouthpieces made by Al Cass. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_147

In December 1986 Gillespie gave the National Museum of American History his 1972 King "Silver Flair" trumpet with a Cass mouthpiece. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_148

In April 1995, Gillespie's Martin trumpet was auctioned at Christie's in New York City with instruments used by Coleman Hawkins, Jimi Hendrix, and Elvis Presley. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_149

An image of Gillespie's trumpet was selected for the cover of the auction program. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_150

The battered instrument was sold to Manhattan builder Jeffery Brown for $63,000, the proceeds benefiting jazz musicians with cancer. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_151

Awards and honors Dizzy Gillespie_section_11

In 1989, Gillespie was given the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_152

The next year, at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts ceremonies celebrating the centennial of American jazz, Gillespie received the Kennedy Center Honors Award and the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers Duke Ellington Award for 50 years of achievement as a composer, performer, and bandleader. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_153

In 1989, Gillespie was awarded with an honorary doctorate of music from Berklee College of Music. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_154

In 1991, Gillespie received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement presented by Awards Council member Wynton Marsalis. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_155

In 1993 he received the Polar Music Prize in Sweden. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_156

In 2002, he was posthumously inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame for his contributions to Afro-Cuban music. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_157

He was honored on December 31, 2006 in A Jazz New Year's Eve: Freddy Cole & the Dizzy Gillespie All-Star Big Band at The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_158

In 2014, Gillespie was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_159

In popular culture Dizzy Gillespie_section_12

Samuel E. Wright played Dizzy Gillespie in the film Bird (1988), about Charlie Parker. Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_160

Kevin Hanchard portrayed Gillespie in the Chet Baker biopic Born to Be Blue (2015). Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_161

Charles S. Dutton played him in For Love or Country: The Arturo Sandoval Story (2000). Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_162

List of works Dizzy Gillespie_section_13

Main article: List of works by Dizzy Gillespie Dizzy Gillespie_sentence_163

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dizzy Gillespie.