Goblet drum

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
(Redirected from Doumbek)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

"Darbuka" redirects here. Goblet drum_sentence_0

For other uses, see Darbuka (disambiguation). Goblet drum_sentence_1

Goblet drum_table_infobox_0

Goblet drumGoblet drum_table_caption_0
Percussion instrumentGoblet drum_header_cell_0_0_0
Other namesGoblet drum_header_cell_0_1_0 chalice drum, tarabuka, tarabaki, darbuka, derbake, debuka, doumbek, dumbec, dumbeg, dumbelek, tabla, tabl, tablah, toumperleki, tumbak, zerbaghaliGoblet drum_cell_0_1_1
ClassificationGoblet drum_header_cell_0_2_0 hand percussion, MembranophoneGoblet drum_cell_0_2_1
Hornbostel–Sachs classificationGoblet drum_header_cell_0_3_0 c=Goblet drum_cell_0_3_1

The goblet drum (also chalice drum, tarabuka, tarabaki, darbuka, derbake, debuka, doumbek, dumbec, dumbeg, dumbelek, tabla, tablah, tableh, toumperleki, tumbak, or zerbaghali, Egyptian Arabic: دربوكة‎ / ALA-LC: darbūkah, Romany: Dárbuká) is a single head membranophone with a goblet shaped body used mostly in Egypt & Saudi Arabia, also in parts of the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, and Eastern Europe. Goblet drum_sentence_2

The African djembe-wassolou is also a goblet membranophone. Goblet drum_sentence_3

This article focuses on the Eastern and North-African goblet drum. Goblet drum_sentence_4

History Goblet drum_section_0

The origin of the term Darbuka probably lies in the Arabic word "daraba" ("to strike"). Goblet drum_sentence_5

In Egyptian Arabic it's called "tabla" from the Coptic "ϯⲃⲗⲁ" Goblet drum_sentence_6

They have been around for thousands of years, used in Mesopotamian and Ancient Egyptian cultures. Goblet drum_sentence_7

Goblet drums were seen in Babylonia and Sumer, from as early as 1100 BCE. Goblet drum_sentence_8

On Celebes, one large form serves as a temple instrument, set on the floor when performed, which could be a survival of the ancient use of the drum. Goblet drum_sentence_9

Technique Goblet drum_section_1

The Eastern and North-African goblet drums are played under the arm or resting on the player's leg, with a much lighter touch and quite different strokes (sometimes including rolls or quick rhythms articulated with the fingertips) to hand drums such as the djembe, found in West Africa. Goblet drum_sentence_10

There are two main types of goblet drums. Goblet drum_sentence_11

The Egyptian style, Darbuka, is also known as Tabla and is very popular; it has rounded edges around the head, whereas the Turkish style exposes the edge of the head. Goblet drum_sentence_12

The exposed edge allows closer access to the head so finger-snapping techniques can be done, but the hard edge discourages the rapid rolls possible with the Egyptian style. Goblet drum_sentence_13

The goblet drum may be played while held under one arm (usually the non-dominant arm) or by placing it sideways upon the lap (with the head towards the player's knees) while seated. Goblet drum_sentence_14

Some drums are also made with strap mounts so the drum may be slung over the shoulder, to facilitate playing while standing or dancing. Goblet drum_sentence_15

It produces a resonant, low-sustain sound while played lightly with the fingertips and palm. Goblet drum_sentence_16

Some players move their fists in and out of the bell to alter the tone. Goblet drum_sentence_17

Some players also place their hands on the surface of the drum to produce a muted sound. Goblet drum_sentence_18

There are a variety of rhythms (see dumbek rhythms) that form the basis of the folkloric and modern music and dance styles of the Middle East. Goblet drum_sentence_19

There are three main sounds produced by the goblet drum. Goblet drum_sentence_20

The first is called the "doom". Goblet drum_sentence_21

It is the deeper bass sound produced by striking the head near the center with the length of the fingers and palm and taking off the hand for an open sound. Goblet drum_sentence_22

The second is called the "tak" and is the higher-pitched sound produced by hitting near the edge of the head with the fingertips. Goblet drum_sentence_23

A "tak" struck with the secondary hand is also known as a "ka". Goblet drum_sentence_24

The third is the closed sound "pa" (also called "sak"), for which the hand is briefly rested on the head so as not to permit an open sound. Goblet drum_sentence_25

Additionally, there are more complex techniques including snaps, slaps, pops and rolls that are used to ornament the basic rhythm. Goblet drum_sentence_26

Hand clapping and hitting the sides of the drum can be used in addition to drumhead sounds. Goblet drum_sentence_27

Another technique commonly used in Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey and Egypt is to tap with the fingers of one hand and with a thin stick in the other. Goblet drum_sentence_28

In Turkey the stick is called the çubuk, which means wand, or stick. Goblet drum_sentence_29

The Romani of most of the countries associated with the goblet drum use this technique. Goblet drum_sentence_30

Use in Western classical music Goblet drum_section_2

The first known Western classical composition to feature a goblet drum is the opera Les Troyens (1856–1858) by the French composer Hector Berlioz, which calls for a tarbuka in the Dance of the Nubian Slaves in Act IV. Goblet drum_sentence_31

The first compositions for goblet drum and orchestra were composed by Halim El-Dabh in the 1950s; his Fantasia-Tahmeel for goblet drum and strings was premiered in New York City in 1958, with a string orchestra conducted by Leopold Stokowski. Goblet drum_sentence_32

Notable goblet drum musicians Goblet drum_section_3

Goblet drum_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goblet drum.