Dramatic monologue

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Dramatic monologue is a type of poetry written in the form of a speech of an individual character. Dramatic monologue_sentence_0

M.H. Dramatic monologue_sentence_1 Abrams notes the following three features of the dramatic monologue as it applies to poetry: Dramatic monologue_sentence_2

Types of dramatic monologue Dramatic monologue_section_0

One of the most important influences on the development of the dramatic monologue is romantic poetry. Dramatic monologue_sentence_3

However, the long, personal lyrics typical of the Romantic period are not dramatic monologues, in the sense that they do not, for the most part, imply a concentrated narrative. Dramatic monologue_sentence_4

Poems such as William Wordsworth's Tintern Abbey and Percy Bysshe Shelley's Mont Blanc, to name two famous examples, offered a model of close psychological observation and philosophical or pseudo-philosophical inquiry described in a specific setting. Dramatic monologue_sentence_5

The conversation poems of Samuel Taylor Coleridge are perhaps a better precedent. Dramatic monologue_sentence_6

The genre was also developed by Felicia Hemans and Letitia Elizabeth Landon, beginning in the latter's case with her long poem The Improvisatrice. Dramatic monologue_sentence_7

The novel and plays have also been important influences on the dramatic monologue, particularly as a means of characterization. Dramatic monologue_sentence_8

Dramatic monologues are a way of expressing the views of a character and offering the audience greater insight into that character's feelings. Dramatic monologue_sentence_9

Dramatic monologues can also be used in novels to tell stories, as in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, and to implicate the audience in moral judgements, as in Albert Camus The Fall and Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist. Dramatic monologue_sentence_10

Examples Dramatic monologue_section_1

The Victorian period represented the high point of the dramatic monologue in English poetry. Dramatic monologue_sentence_11

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Other Victorian poets also used the form. Dramatic monologue_sentence_12

Dante Gabriel Rossetti wrote several, including Jenny and The Blessed Damozel; Christina Rossetti wrote a number, including The Convent Threshold. Dramatic monologue_sentence_13

Augusta Webster's A Castaway, Circe, and The Happiest Girl In The World, Amy Levy's Xantippe and A Minor Poet, and Felicia Hemans's Arabella Stuart and Properzia Rossi are all exemplars of this technique. Dramatic monologue_sentence_14

Algernon Charles Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine has been called a dramatic monologue vaguely reminiscent of Browning's work. Dramatic monologue_sentence_15

Some American poets have also written poems in the genre- famous examples include Edgar Allan Poe's The Raven and Sylvia Plath's Daddy. Dramatic monologue_sentence_16

Post-Victorian examples include William Butler Yeats's The Gift of Harun al-Rashid, Elizabeth Bishop's Crusoe in England, and T.S. Dramatic monologue_sentence_17 Eliot's The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock and Gerontion. Dramatic monologue_sentence_18

See also Dramatic monologue_section_2

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dramatic monologue.