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For other uses, see Drumhead (disambiguation). Drumhead_sentence_0

A drumhead or drum skin is a membrane stretched over one or both of the open ends of a drum. Drumhead_sentence_1

The drumhead is struck with sticks, mallets, or hands, so that it vibrates and the sound resonates through the drum. Drumhead_sentence_2

Additionally outside of percussion instruments, drumheads are also used on some string instruments, most notably the banjo. Drumhead_sentence_3

History Drumhead_section_0

Originally, drumheads were made from animal hide and were first used in early human history, long before records began. Drumhead_sentence_4

The term drumhead is first attested in English in 1580, in the writings of the soldier Thomas Churchyard, who mentioned how "Dice plaie began ... on the toppe of Drommes heddes". Drumhead_sentence_5

In 1957, Remo Belli and Sam Muchnick together developed a polymer head (also known as Mylar) leading to the development of the Remo drumhead company. Drumhead_sentence_6

Despite the benefits of plastic heads, drummers in historical reenactment groups such as fife and drum use animal skin heads for historical accuracy. Drumhead_sentence_7

Rawhide heads are also popular with musicians performing in the jazz, orchestral and early music genres due to their preference for period correct sounds and instruments. Drumhead_sentence_8

Real hide heads are used on most hand drums, including djembes, frame drums, bongos, and congas, and also some Banjos. Drumhead_sentence_9

In recent years, companies such as Remo have begun manufacturing synthetic counterparts (most notably Fiberskin) for certain hand drums such as congas, and also banjos. Drumhead_sentence_10

There has also been a resurgence in the use of genuine rawhide heads by drum kit players, with companies such as AK Drums, Buchler Trommelbau and Kentville Drums offering goat, calf and kangaroo hide drumheads respectively. Drumhead_sentence_11

Another common material used for drumheads is aramid fiber, such as kevlar. Drumhead_sentence_12

Kevlar heads are also used in marching percussion. Drumhead_sentence_13

Tuning Drumhead_section_1

A drum "hoop" or "rim" may be made of metal, wood, or other material and is used to hold a drumhead against a drum shell, either with bolts through metal "claws" attached directly to a hoop, or bolts through holes in a flanged rim. Drumhead_sentence_14

The bolts, called "tension rods", are screwed into threaded "lugs" attached to the drum shell, in order to tighten and tune the drumhead. Drumhead_sentence_15

A "drum key" is a four sided wrench used to screw the tension rods into the lugs. Drumhead_sentence_16

Muffling Drumhead_section_2

Drummers occasionally muffle their drums using special drumheads. Drumhead_sentence_17

Some drumheads come pre-muffled such a s . Drumhead_sentence_18

Most muffling is done by external muffles such as or Drumhead_sentence_19

Manufacturers Drumhead_section_3


  • RemoDrumhead_item_0_0
  • EvansDrumhead_item_0_1
  • Drumhead_item_0_2
  • AquarianDrumhead_item_0_3
  • Kentville DrumsDrumhead_item_0_4
  • AttackDrumhead_item_0_5
  • KalfoDrumhead_item_0_6

See also Drumhead_section_4


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drumhead.