For other uses, see Drumhead (disambiguation).
Additionally outside of percussion instruments, drumheads are also used on some string instruments, most notably the banjo.
Originally, drumheads were made from animal hide and were first used in early human history, long before records began.
The term drumhead is first attested in English in 1580, in the writings of the soldier Thomas Churchyard, who mentioned how "Dice plaie began ... on the toppe of Drommes heddes".
Rawhide heads are also popular with musicians performing in the jazz, orchestral and early music genres due to their preference for period correct sounds and instruments.
There has also been a resurgence in the use of genuine rawhide heads by drum kit players, with companies such as AK Drums, Buchler Trommelbau and Kentville Drums offering goat, calf and kangaroo hide drumheads respectively.
A drum "hoop" or "rim" may be made of metal, wood, or other material and is used to hold a drumhead against a drum shell, either with bolts through metal "claws" attached directly to a hoop, or bolts through holes in a flanged rim.
The bolts, called "tension rods", are screwed into threaded "lugs" attached to the drum shell, in order to tighten and tune the drumhead.
A "drum key" is a four sided wrench used to screw the tension rods into the lugs.
Drummers occasionally muffle their drums using special drumheads.
Some drumheads come pre-muffled such a s .
Most muffling is done by external muffles such as or
- Vibrations of a drum head for an illustrated mathematical treatment.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drumhead.