Erica carnea

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Erica carnea_table_infobox_0

Erica carneaErica carnea_header_cell_0_0_0
Scientific classification Erica_(plant)Erica carnea_header_cell_0_1_0
Kingdom:Erica carnea_cell_0_2_0 PlantaeErica carnea_cell_0_2_1
Clade:Erica carnea_cell_0_3_0 TracheophytesErica carnea_cell_0_3_1
Clade:Erica carnea_cell_0_4_0 AngiospermsErica carnea_cell_0_4_1
Clade:Erica carnea_cell_0_5_0 EudicotsErica carnea_cell_0_5_1
Clade:Erica carnea_cell_0_6_0 AsteridsErica carnea_cell_0_6_1
Order:Erica carnea_cell_0_7_0 EricalesErica carnea_cell_0_7_1
Family:Erica carnea_cell_0_8_0 EricaceaeErica carnea_cell_0_8_1
Genus:Erica carnea_cell_0_9_0 EricaErica carnea_cell_0_9_1
Species:Erica carnea_cell_0_10_0 E. carneaErica carnea_cell_0_10_1
Binomial nameErica carnea_header_cell_0_11_0
SynonymsErica carnea_header_cell_0_12_0

Erica carnea, the winter heath, winter-flowering heather, spring heath or alpine heath, is a species of flowering plant in the family Ericaceae, native to mountainous areas of central, eastern and southern Europe, where it grows in coniferous woodlands or stony slopes. Erica carnea_sentence_0

Description Erica carnea_section_0

It is a low-growing, spreading subshrub reaching 10–25 cm (4–10 in) tall, with evergreen needle-like leaves 4–8 millimetres (0.16–0.31 in) long, borne in whorls of four. Erica carnea_sentence_1

The flowers are produced in racemes in late winter to early spring, often starting to flower while the plant is still covered in snow; the individual flower is a slender bell-shape, 4–6 millimetres (0.16–0.24 in) long, dark reddish-pink, rarely white. Erica carnea_sentence_2

Names Erica carnea_section_1

The first published name for the species is Erica herbacea; however, the name E. carnea (published three pages later in the same book) is so widely used, and the earlier name so little used, that a formal proposal to conserve the name E. carnea over E. herbacea was accepted by the International Botanical Congress in 1999. Erica carnea_sentence_3

The Latin specific epithet carnea means "flesh pink". Erica carnea_sentence_4

Cultivation and uses Erica carnea_section_2

It is very widely grown as an ornamental plant for its winter flowering; over 100 cultivars have been selected for variation in flower and leaf colour. Erica carnea_sentence_5

Unlike most species of Erica, which are typically calcifuges, it tolerates mildly alkaline as well as acidic soils, making it easier to grow in many areas. Erica carnea_sentence_6

Like other species within the genus Erica it is often seen as groundcover amongst plantings of dwarf conifers. Erica carnea_sentence_7

The following cultivars, forms and hybrids have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: Erica carnea_sentence_8


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erica carnea.