Ernst Deutsch

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For the director with this birth name, see Richard Pottier. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_0

Ernst Deutsch_table_infobox_0

Ernst DeutschErnst Deutsch_header_cell_0_0_0
BornErnst Deutsch_header_cell_0_1_0 (1890-09-16)16 September 1890

Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)Ernst Deutsch_cell_0_1_1

DiedErnst Deutsch_header_cell_0_2_0 22 March 1969(1969-03-22) (aged 78)

BerlinErnst Deutsch_cell_0_2_1

Other namesErnst Deutsch_header_cell_0_3_0 Ernest DorianErnst Deutsch_cell_0_3_1
CitizenshipErnst Deutsch_header_cell_0_4_0 AustrianErnst Deutsch_cell_0_4_1
OccupationErnst Deutsch_header_cell_0_5_0 ActorErnst Deutsch_cell_0_5_1
Years activeErnst Deutsch_header_cell_0_6_0 1916–1966Ernst Deutsch_cell_0_6_1
Known forErnst Deutsch_header_cell_0_7_0 The Third ManErnst Deutsch_cell_0_7_1
Spouse(s)Ernst Deutsch_header_cell_0_8_0 Anuschka Fuchs (1922–1969; his death)Ernst Deutsch_cell_0_8_1

Ernst Deutsch, also known as Ernest Dorian (16 September 1890, Prague – 22 March 1969, Berlin), was a Jewish Austrian actor. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_1

In 1916, his performance as the protagonist in the world première of Walter Hasenclever's Expressionist play The Son in Dresden was praised. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_2

Deutsch also played the antihero Famulus in Paul Wegener's The Golem: How He Came into the World in 1920. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_3

He is known by English-speaking audiences for his role as Baron Kurtz in Carol Reed's 1949 film noir, The Third Man. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_4

Family Ernst Deutsch_section_0

Deutsch was the son of Prague-based Jewish merchant Ludwig Kraus and his wife, Louise. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_5

He married childhood friend Anuschka Fuchsova (daughter of Prague industrialist Arthur Fuchs) in 1922. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_6

Anuschka's cousin, Herbert Fuchs of Robettin, was the brother-in-law of author Franz Werfel. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_7

Life and career Ernst Deutsch_section_1

Deutsch grew up in Prague, and attended high school. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_8

He was a skilled tennis player, ranking seventh on the Austro-Hungarian tennis list. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_9

After high school, Deutsch served in the army. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_10

He was a childhood friend of Franz Werfel. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_11

In 1914, Deutsch made his stage debut for Berthold Viertel at the People's Theatre in Vienna. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_12

After a short season in Prague, Edgar Licho hired him for the Albert Theatre in Dresden, where he moved in 1916. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_13

In Dresden, Deutsch played Franz Moor in Schiller's The Robbers and Moritz Stiefel in Frank Wedekind's Spring Awakening. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_14

His performance in the title role of Hasenclever's The Son, which premiered on 8 October 1916, established him as an Expressionist actor; he also appeared in the play in 1918 and 1923. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_15

In 1917, Deutsch went to the Volksbühne in Berlin. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_16

He appeared until 1933 on a number of stages in the city, gave guest performances in Hamburg, Munich and Vienna, and participated in a tour of South America. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_17

Beginning in 1916, Deutsch appeared in 42 silent films. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_18

In April 1933, he left Germany due to Nazi antisemitism. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_19

Deutsch returned to Vienna and Prague, gave guest performances in Zurich, Brussels and (in 1936) London where he appeared in Charles Bennett's play Page From a Diary in the West End. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_20

In 1938 he emigrated to New York City and played briefly on Broadway in 1939 before moving to Hollywood, where he became an American citizen. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_21

Beginning 1942 he appeared as Ernest Dorian in Hollywood films, primarily as Nazis and German officers. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_22

After a 1946 stay in Buenos Aires, Deutsch returned to Vienna via Paris the following year. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_23

In Vienna, he became a member of the Burgtheater. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_24

At the National Theatre Deutsch appeared in The Helpers of God, about Red Cross founder Henri Dunant, in 1948. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_25

Three years later he moved back to Berlin, appearing at the Schiller and Schlossparktheater. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_26

Deutsch also toured in Germany and abroad. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_27

Deutsch's film roles included Baron Kurtz in Carol Reed's film noir, The Third Man, starring Orson Welles and Joseph Cotten. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_28

He received the Volpi Cup as Best Actor at the 9th Venice International Film Festival in 1948 Venice Film Festival for his performance in Der Prozeß. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_29

Deutsch's performances in the title role of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing's Nathan the Wise and as Shylock in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice were critically praised. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_30

He played Nathan for more than 2,000 performances, and traveled with productions throughout Europe. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_31

Deutsch died on 22 March 1969 in Berlin, and is buried in the Jewish cemetery on the Berlin highway. Ernst Deutsch_sentence_32

For the fourth anniversary of his death in 1973, Friedrich Schütter's former Junges Theater in the Uhlenhorst quarter of Hamburg was renamed after Deutsch (who had staged a performance of Nathan The Wise there shortly before his death). Ernst Deutsch_sentence_33

Filmography Ernst Deutsch_section_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Deutsch.