Exclamation mark

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"!" Exclamation mark_sentence_0

redirects here. Exclamation mark_sentence_1

For other uses, see ! Exclamation mark_sentence_2 (disambiguation). Exclamation mark_sentence_3

The exclamation mark, !, also sometimes referred to as the exclamation point, especially in American English (another term is , now obsolete) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or to show emphasis. Exclamation mark_sentence_4

The exclamation mark often marks the end of a sentence, for example: "Watch out!" Exclamation mark_sentence_5

Similarly, a bare exclamation mark (with nothing before or after) is often established in warning signs. Exclamation mark_sentence_6

Other uses include: Exclamation mark_sentence_7

Exclamation mark_unordered_list_0

  • In mathematics, it denotes the factorial operation.Exclamation mark_item_0_0
  • Several computer languages use ! at the beginning of an expression to denote logical negation. For example,!A means "the logical negation of A", also called "not A". This usage has spread to ordinary language (e.g. "!clue" means no-clue or clueless).Exclamation mark_item_0_1
  • Some languages use ! to denote a click consonant.Exclamation mark_item_0_2

History Exclamation mark_section_0

Graphically, the exclamation mark is represented by variations on the theme of a full stop point with a vertical line above. Exclamation mark_sentence_8

One theory of its origin posits derivation from a Latin exclamation of joy, namely io, analogous to "hurray"; the modern graphical representation is believed to have originated in the Middle Ages; medieval copyists wrote the Latin word io at the end of a sentence, to indicate expression of joy. Exclamation mark_sentence_9

Over time, the i moved above the o; that o first became smaller, and (with time) a dot. Exclamation mark_sentence_10

The exclamation mark was first introduced into English printing in the 15th century to show emphasis, and was called the "sign of admiration or exclamation" or the "note of admiration" until the mid-17th century; "admiration" referred to that word's Latin-language sense, of wonderment. Exclamation mark_sentence_11

Many pre-computer age typewriters did not have the exclamation mark. Exclamation mark_sentence_12

Instead the user typed a full stop and then backspaced and overtyped an apostrophe. Exclamation mark_sentence_13

Such typewriters often lacked a '1' key as well (the user typed a lower-case 'L'). Exclamation mark_sentence_14

That is why the exclamation point is usually shift+1 as both were added at the same time. Exclamation mark_sentence_15

Slang and other names for the exclamation mark Exclamation mark_section_1

In the 1950s, secretarial dictation and typesetting manuals in America referred to the mark as "bang", perhaps from comic books where the ! Exclamation mark_sentence_16

appeared in dialogue balloons to represent a gun being fired, although the nickname probably emerged from letterpress printing. Exclamation mark_sentence_17

This bang usage is behind the names of the interrobang, an unconventional typographic character, and a shebang, a feature of Unix computer systems. Exclamation mark_sentence_18

In the printing world, the exclamation mark can be called a screamer, a gasper, a slammer, or a startler. Exclamation mark_sentence_19

In hacker culture, the exclamation mark is called "bang", "shriek", or, in the British slang known as Commonwealth Hackish, "pling". Exclamation mark_sentence_20

For example, the password communicated in the spoken phrase "Your password is em-nought-pee-aitch-pling-en-three" is m0ph!n3. Exclamation mark_sentence_21

Languages Exclamation mark_section_2

The exclamation mark is common to languages using the Latin alphabet, although usage varies slightly between languages. Exclamation mark_sentence_22

It has also been adopted in languages written in other scripts, such as languages written with Cyrillic or Arabic scripts, Chinese characters, and Devanagari. Exclamation mark_sentence_23

English Exclamation mark_section_3

A sentence ending in an exclamation mark may represent an exclamation or an interjection (such as "Wow! Exclamation mark_sentence_24

", "Boo! Exclamation mark_sentence_25

"), or an imperative ("Stop! Exclamation mark_sentence_26

"), or may indicate astonishment or surprise: "They were the footprints of a gigantic hound!" Exclamation mark_sentence_27

Exclamation marks are occasionally placed mid-sentence with a function similar to a comma, for dramatic effect, although this usage is obsolete: "On the walk, oh! Exclamation mark_sentence_28

there was a frightful noise." Exclamation mark_sentence_29

Informally, exclamation marks may be repeated for additional emphasis ("That's great!!! Exclamation mark_sentence_30

"), but this practice is generally considered unacceptable in formal prose. Exclamation mark_sentence_31

The exclamation mark is sometimes used in conjunction with the question mark. Exclamation mark_sentence_32

This can be in protest or astonishment ("Out of all places, the squatter-camp?! Exclamation mark_sentence_33

"); a few writers replace this with a single, nonstandard punctuation mark, the interrobang, which is the combination of a question mark and an exclamation mark. Exclamation mark_sentence_34

Overly frequent use of the exclamation mark is generally considered poor writing, for it distracts the reader and devalues the mark's significance. Exclamation mark_sentence_35

Some authors, most notably Tom Wolfe and Madison Acampora, are known for unashamedly liberal use of the exclamation mark. Exclamation mark_sentence_36

In comic books, the very frequent use of exclamation mark is common—see Comics, below. Exclamation mark_sentence_37

For information on the use of spaces after an exclamation mark, see the discussion of spacing after a full stop. Exclamation mark_sentence_38

Several studies have shown that women use exclamation marks more than men do. Exclamation mark_sentence_39

One study suggests that, in addition to other uses, exclamation marks may also function as markers of friendly interaction, for example, by making "Hi!" Exclamation mark_sentence_40

or "Good luck!" Exclamation mark_sentence_41

seem friendlier than simply "Hi." Exclamation mark_sentence_42

or "Good luck." Exclamation mark_sentence_43

(with periods). Exclamation mark_sentence_44

However, use of exclamation marks in contexts that are not unambiguously positive can be misinterpreted as indicating hostility. Exclamation mark_sentence_45

In English writing and often subtitles, a (!) Exclamation mark_sentence_46

symbol (an exclamation mark within parentheses) implies that a character has made an obviously sarcastic comment e.g.: "Ooh, a sarcasm detector. Exclamation mark_sentence_47

That's a really useful invention(!)" Exclamation mark_sentence_48

It also is used to indicate surprise at one's own experience or statement. Exclamation mark_sentence_49

French Exclamation mark_section_4

In French, next to marking exclamations or indicating astonishment, the exclamation mark is also commonly used to mark orders or requests: Viens ici ! Exclamation mark_sentence_50

(English: 'Come here!'). Exclamation mark_sentence_51

A space (petit espace) is used between the last word and the exclamation mark in European French, but not in Canadian French. Exclamation mark_sentence_52

One can also combine an exclamation mark with a question mark at the end of a sentence where appropriate. Exclamation mark_sentence_53

German Exclamation mark_section_5

German uses the exclamation mark for several things that English conveys with other punctuation: Exclamation mark_sentence_54

Exclamation mark_unordered_list_1

  • It is used at the end of imperative sentences even when not particularly emphatic: Ruf mich morgen an! ('Call me tomorrow.') A normal full stop, as in English, is fairly common but is considered substandard.Exclamation mark_item_1_3
  • A related use is on signs that express a command or interdiction: Betreten verboten! (English: 'No trespassing!').Exclamation mark_item_1_4
  • The exclamation mark may also be used in the salutation line of a letter: Lieber Hans! (English: 'Dear Hans,'). However, the use of a comma is equally correct and is more common.Exclamation mark_item_1_5

Cantonese Exclamation mark_section_6

Cantonese has not historically used dedicated punctuation marks, rather relying on grammatical markers to denote the end of a statement. Exclamation mark_sentence_55

Usage of exclamation marks is common in written Mandarin and in some Yue speaking regions. Exclamation mark_sentence_56

The Canton and Hong Kong regions, however, generally refused to accept the exclamation mark as it was seen as carrying with it unnecessary and confusing Western connotations; however, an exclamation mark, including in some written representations of colloquy in Cantonese, can be used informally to indicate strong feeling. Exclamation mark_sentence_57

For example, to represent a response of someone surprised by a gift, one could write: "谢谢!" Exclamation mark_sentence_58

(ze6 ze6!, "thanks! Exclamation mark_sentence_59

"). Exclamation mark_sentence_60

Greek Exclamation mark_section_7

In Modern Greek, the exclamation mark (Θαυμαστικό, thavmastikó) has been introduced from Latin scripts and is used identically, although without the reluctance seen in English usage. Exclamation mark_sentence_61

A minor grammatical difference is that, while a series of interjections each employ an exclamation mark (e.g., Ωχ! Exclamation mark_sentence_62

Αχ!, Ōch! Exclamation mark_sentence_63

Ach!, 'Oops! Exclamation mark_sentence_64

Oh! Exclamation mark_sentence_65

'), an interjection should only be separated from an extended exclamation by a comma (e.g., Ωχ, ξέχασα το μάτι της κουζίνας ανοιχτό!, Ōch, xéchasa to máti tīs kouzínas anoichtó!, 'Oops! Exclamation mark_sentence_66

I left the stove on. Exclamation mark_sentence_67

'). Exclamation mark_sentence_68

Hungarian Exclamation mark_section_8

In Hungarian, an exclamation mark is put at the end of exclamations, imperative or prohibitive sentences, and sentences expressing a wish (e.g. De szép! Exclamation mark_sentence_69

- 'How beautiful! Exclamation mark_sentence_70

', A fűre lépni tilos! Exclamation mark_sentence_71

- 'Keep off the grass', Bárcsak sikerülne a tervem! Exclamation mark_sentence_72

- 'If only my plan had worked out.'). Exclamation mark_sentence_73

The use of the exclamation mark is also needed when addressing someone and the addressing is a separate sentence. Exclamation mark_sentence_74

(typically at the beginning of letters, e.g. Kedves Péter! Exclamation mark_sentence_75

- 'Dear Peter,'). Exclamation mark_sentence_76

Greetings are also typically terminated with an exclamation mark (e.g. Jó estét! Exclamation mark_sentence_77

- 'Good evening. Exclamation mark_sentence_78

'). Exclamation mark_sentence_79

Spanish Exclamation mark_section_9

In Spanish, a sentence or clause ending in an exclamation mark must also begin with an inverted exclamation mark (the same also applies to the question mark): ¿Estás loco? Exclamation mark_sentence_80

¡Casi la matas!, 'Are you crazy? Exclamation mark_sentence_81

You almost killed her!' Exclamation mark_sentence_82

As in British English, a bracketed exclamation mark may be used to indicate irony or surprise at a statement: Dice que esta noche no va a salir de fiesta (! Exclamation mark_sentence_83

), 'He said that he's not going to a party tonight(!).' Exclamation mark_sentence_84

Such use is not matched by an inverted opening exclamation mark. Exclamation mark_sentence_85

Turkish Exclamation mark_section_10

In Turkish, an exclamation mark is used after a sentence or phrase for , and is common following both commands and the addressees of such commands. Exclamation mark_sentence_86

For example, in the Ordular! Exclamation mark_sentence_87

İlk hedefiniz Akdenizdir, ileri! Exclamation mark_sentence_88

('Armies! Exclamation mark_sentence_89

Your first target is the Mediterranean') order by Atatürk, ordular ('the armies') constitute the addressee. Exclamation mark_sentence_90

It is further used in parentheses, (! Exclamation mark_sentence_91

), after a sentence or phrase to indicate irony or sarcasm: Çok iyi bir iş yaptın (! Exclamation mark_sentence_92

), 'You've done a very good job – Not! Exclamation mark_sentence_93 '. Exclamation mark_sentence_94

Limbu Exclamation mark_section_11

In Limbu, an exclamation mark is used after a Limbu sentence or phrase for , and is common following both commands and the addressees of such commands. Exclamation mark_sentence_95

For example, in the Limbu sentence ᤐᤚᤢ᥄ ᤄᤨᤘᤑ ᤂᤥᤆᤌᤙ Mediterranean, ᤚᤦᤛᤅ᥄ — Paṡu! Exclamation mark_sentence_96

Ghōwapha khōcathaśa Mediterranean, ṡausaṅa! Exclamation mark_sentence_97

(Armies! Exclamation mark_sentence_98

Your first target is the Mediterranean!). Exclamation mark_sentence_99

It is further used in parentheses, (᥄), after a sentence or phrase to indicate irony or sarcasm: ᤖᤥᤂᤌ ᤔᤚᤗ ᤐᤤ ᤊᤇ ᤃᤦᤄ (᥄) — Rōkhatha maṡala pai yancha gaugha (!) Exclamation mark_sentence_100

(You did a very good job — Not! Exclamation mark_sentence_101 ). Exclamation mark_sentence_102

Phonetics Exclamation mark_section_12

In Khoisan languages, and the International Phonetic Alphabet, the exclamation mark is used as a letter to indicate the postalveolar click sound (represented as q in Zulu orthography). Exclamation mark_sentence_103

In Unicode, this letter is properly coded as U+01C3 ǃ LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK and distinguished from the common punctuation symbol U+0021 ! Exclamation mark_sentence_104

EXCLAMATION MARK to allow software to deal properly with word breaks. Exclamation mark_sentence_105

The exclamation mark has sometimes been used as a phonetic symbol to indicate that a consonant is ejective. Exclamation mark_sentence_106

More commonly this is represented by an apostrophe, or a superscript glottal stop symbol (U+02C0 ˀ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP). Exclamation mark_sentence_107

Proper names Exclamation mark_section_13

Although not part of dictionary words, exclamation marks appear in some brand names and trade names, including Yum! Exclamation mark_sentence_108 Brands (parent of fast food chains like Taco Bell and KFC) and Web services Yahoo! Exclamation mark_sentence_109

and Joomla!. Exclamation mark_sentence_110

It appears in the titles of stage and screen works, especially comedies and musicals; examples include the game show Jeopardy! Exclamation mark_sentence_111 ; the '60s musical TV show Shindig! Exclamation mark_sentence_112 ; musicals Oklahoma! Exclamation mark_sentence_113 , Oliver! Exclamation mark_sentence_114

and Oh! Exclamation mark_sentence_115 Calcutta! Exclamation mark_sentence_116 ; and movies Airplane! Exclamation mark_sentence_117

and Moulin Rouge!. Exclamation mark_sentence_118

Writer Elliot S! Exclamation mark_sentence_119 Maggin and cartoonist Scott Shaw! Exclamation mark_sentence_120

include exclamation marks in their names. Exclamation mark_sentence_121

In the 2016 United States presidential campaign, Republican candidate Jeb Bush used "Jeb!" Exclamation mark_sentence_122

as his campaign logo. Exclamation mark_sentence_123

Place names Exclamation mark_section_14

The English town of Westward Ho! Exclamation mark_sentence_124 , named after the novel by Charles Kingsley, is the only place name in the United Kingdom that officially contains an exclamation mark. Exclamation mark_sentence_125

There is a town in Quebec called Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Exclamation mark_sentence_126 Ha! Exclamation mark_sentence_127 , which is spelled with two exclamation marks. Exclamation mark_sentence_128

The city of Hamilton, Ohio, changed its name to Hamilton! Exclamation mark_sentence_129

in 1986, but neither the United States Board on Geographic Names nor mapmakers Rand McNally recognised the change. Exclamation mark_sentence_130

The city of Ostrava, Czech Republic, changed its logotype to Ostrava!!! Exclamation mark_sentence_131

in 2008. Exclamation mark_sentence_132

Warnings Exclamation mark_section_15

Exclamation marks are used to emphasize a precautionary statement. Exclamation mark_sentence_133

On warning signs, an exclamation mark is often used to draw attention to a warning of danger, hazards, and the unexpected. Exclamation mark_sentence_134

These signs are common in hazardous environments or on potentially dangerous equipment. Exclamation mark_sentence_135

A common type of this warning is a yellow triangle with a black exclamation mark, but a white triangle with a red border is common on European road warning signs. Exclamation mark_sentence_136

Use in various fields Exclamation mark_section_16

Mathematics and formal logic Exclamation mark_section_17

In mathematics, the symbol represents the factorial operation. Exclamation mark_sentence_137

The expression n! Exclamation mark_sentence_138

means "the product of the integers from 1 to n". Exclamation mark_sentence_139

For example, 4! Exclamation mark_sentence_140

(read four factorial) is 4 × 3 × 2 × 1 = 24. Exclamation mark_sentence_141

(0! Exclamation mark_sentence_142

is defined as 1, which is a neutral element in multiplication, not multiplied by anything.) Exclamation mark_sentence_143

Additionally, it can also represent the uniqueness quantifier or, if used in front of a number, it can represent a subfactorial. Exclamation mark_sentence_144

In linear logic, the exclamation mark denotes one of the modalities that control weakening and contraction. Exclamation mark_sentence_145

Computing Exclamation mark_section_18

In computing, the exclamation mark is ASCII character 33 (21 in hexadecimal). Exclamation mark_sentence_146

Due to its availability on even early computers, the character was used for many purposes. Exclamation mark_sentence_147

The name given to "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_148

by programmers varies according to their background, though it was very common to give it a short name to make reading code aloud easier. Exclamation mark_sentence_149

"Bang" is very popular. Exclamation mark_sentence_150

In the UK the term pling was popular in the earlier days of computing, whilst in the United States, the term shriek was used. Exclamation mark_sentence_151

It is claimed that these word usages were invented in the US and shriek is from Stanford or MIT; however, shriek for the ! Exclamation mark_sentence_152

sign is found in the Oxford English Dictionary dating from the 1860s. Exclamation mark_sentence_153

Many computer languages using C-style syntax use "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_154

for logical negation; !A means "not A", and A != B means "A is not equal to B". Exclamation mark_sentence_155

This negation principle has spread to ordinary language; for example, the word "!clue" is used as a synonym for "no-clue" or "clueless". Exclamation mark_sentence_156

Early e-mail systems also used the exclamation mark as a separator character between hostnames for routing information, usually referred to as "bang path" notation. Exclamation mark_sentence_157

In the IRC protocol, a user's nickname and ident are separated by an exclamation mark in the hostmask assigned to him or her by the server. Exclamation mark_sentence_158

In UNIX scripting (typically for UNIX shell or Perl), "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_159

is usually used after a "#" in the first line of a script, the interpreter directive, to tell the OS what program to use to run the script. Exclamation mark_sentence_160

  1. ! Exclamation mark_sentence_161

is usually called a "hash-bang" or shebang. Exclamation mark_sentence_162

A similar convention for PostScript files calls for the first line to begin with %!, called "percent-bang". Exclamation mark_sentence_163

An exclamation mark starts history expansions in many Unix shells such as bash and tcsh where !! Exclamation mark_sentence_164

executes the previous command and ! Exclamation mark_sentence_165

  • refers to all of the arguments from the previous command. Exclamation mark_sentence_166

Acorn RISC OS uses filenames starting with pling to create an application directory: for instance a file called !Run is executed when the folder containing it is double-clicked (holding down shift prevents this). Exclamation mark_sentence_167

There is also !Boot (executed the first time the application containing it comes into view of the filer), !Sprites (icons), !Help, and others. Exclamation mark_sentence_168

BBC BASIC used pling as an indirection operator, equivalent to PEEK and POKE of four bytes at once. Exclamation mark_sentence_169

BCPL, the precursor of C, used "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_170

for pointer and array indirection: !P is equivalent to *P in C, and P!3 is equivalent to P in C. Exclamation mark_sentence_171

In the Haskell programming language, "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_172

is used to express strictness. Exclamation mark_sentence_173

In the ML programming language (including Standard ML and OCaml), "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_174

is the operator to get the value out of a "reference" data structure. Exclamation mark_sentence_175

In the Raku programming language, the "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_176

twigil is used to access private attributes or methods in a class (like class Person { has $!name; } or self!private-method;). Exclamation mark_sentence_177

In the Scheme, Julia, and Ruby programming languages, "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_178

is conventionally the suffix for functions and special forms that mutate their input. Exclamation mark_sentence_179

In the Swift programming language, a type followed by "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_180

denotes an "implicitly unwrapped optional", an option type where the compiler does not enforce safe unwrapping. Exclamation mark_sentence_181

The "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_182

operator "force unwraps" an option type, causing an error if it is nil. Exclamation mark_sentence_183

In Geek Code version 3, "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_184

is used before a letter to denote that the geek refuses to participate in the topic at hand. Exclamation mark_sentence_185

In some cases, it has an alternate meaning, such as G! Exclamation mark_sentence_186

denoting a geek of no qualifications, !d denoting not wearing any clothes, P! Exclamation mark_sentence_187

denoting not being allowed to use Perl, and so on. Exclamation mark_sentence_188

They all share some negative connotations, however. Exclamation mark_sentence_189

Video games Exclamation mark_section_19

The exclamation mark can be used in video games to signify that a character is startled or alarmed. Exclamation mark_sentence_190

In the Metal Gear and Paper Mario series, an exclamation mark appears over enemies' heads when they notice the player. Exclamation mark_sentence_191

In massively multiplayer online (MMO) games such as World of Warcraft, an exclamation mark hovering over a character's head indicates that they are offering a quest for the player to complete. Exclamation mark_sentence_192

In Dota 2, an exclamation mark is shown above the head of a unit if it is killed by means not granting enemies experience or gold (if it is "denied"). Exclamation mark_sentence_193

In the 2005 arcade dance simulation game In the Groove 2, there is a song titled "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_194

(also referred to as "bang") by the artist Onyx. Exclamation mark_sentence_195

Internet culture Exclamation mark_section_20

Comics Exclamation mark_section_21

Some comic books, especially superhero comics of the mid-20th century, routinely use the exclamation point instead of the period, which means the character has just realized something; unlike when the question mark appears instead, which means the character is confused, surprised or they do not know what is happening. Exclamation mark_sentence_196

This tends to lead to exaggerated speech, in line with the other hyperboles common in comic books. Exclamation mark_sentence_197

A portion of the motivation, however, was simply that a period might disappear in the printing process used at the time, whereas an exclamation point would likely remain recognizable even if there was a printing glitch. Exclamation mark_sentence_198

For a short period Stan Lee, as Editor-in-Chief of Marvel Comics, attempted to curb their overuse by a short-lived ban on exclamation points altogether, which led to an inadvertent lack of ending punctuation on many sentences. Exclamation mark_sentence_199

Comic book writer Elliot S! Exclamation mark_sentence_200 Maggin once accidentally signed his name with an exclamation due to the habit of using them when writing comic scripts; it became his professional name from then on. Exclamation mark_sentence_201

Similarly, comic artist Scott Shaw! Exclamation mark_sentence_202

has used the exclamation point after his name throughout his career. Exclamation mark_sentence_203

In comic books and comics in general, a large exclamation point is often used near or over a character's head to indicate surprise. Exclamation mark_sentence_204

A question mark can similarly be used to indicate confusion. Exclamation mark_sentence_205

Chess Exclamation mark_section_22

Main article: Punctuation (chess) Exclamation mark_sentence_206

In chess notation "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_207

denotes a good move, "!!" Exclamation mark_sentence_208

denotes an excellent move, "?!" Exclamation mark_sentence_209

denotes a dubious move, and "!?" Exclamation mark_sentence_210

denotes an interesting, risky move. Exclamation mark_sentence_211

In some chess variants such as large-board Shogi variants, "!" Exclamation mark_sentence_212

is used to record pieces capturing by stationary feeding or burning. Exclamation mark_sentence_213

Scrabble Exclamation mark_section_23

In Scrabble, an exclamation mark written after a word is used to indicate its presence in the Official Tournament and Club Word List but its absence from the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary, usually because the word has been judged offensive. Exclamation mark_sentence_214

Baseball Exclamation mark_section_24

Exclamation points or asterisks can be used on scorecards to denote a "great defensive play". Exclamation mark_sentence_215

Popular music Exclamation mark_section_25

The band !!! Exclamation mark_sentence_216

(pronounced "Chk Chk Chk") uses exclamation points as its name. Exclamation mark_sentence_217

In 2008, the pop-punk band Panic! Exclamation mark_sentence_218 at the Disco dropped the exclamation point in its name; this became the "most-discussed topic on [fan] message boards around the world". Exclamation mark_sentence_219

In 2009, the exclamation mark was re-inserted following the band's split. Exclamation mark_sentence_220

The band Bomb the Music Industry! Exclamation mark_sentence_221

utilizes an exclamation mark in its name, as well as several album and song titles and promotional material. Exclamation mark_sentence_222

Examples include their songs "(Shut) Up The Punx!!!" Exclamation mark_sentence_223

and the album . Exclamation mark_sentence_224

American musician Pink stylizes her stage name "P!NK", and uses three exclamation points in the subtitle of her 2010 release, [[Greatest_Hits..._So_Far!! Exclamation mark_sentence_225

!|Greatest Hits... Exclamation mark_sentence_226

So Far!!! Exclamation mark_sentence_227

]]. Exclamation mark_sentence_228

Television Exclamation mark_section_26

Theatre Exclamation mark_section_27

In musicals, an exclamation mark is usually used when the title of the show has the same title of a song within the act. Exclamation mark_sentence_229

Examples of this are shows like Oklahoma! Exclamation mark_sentence_230

and Mamma Mia! Exclamation mark_sentence_231 . Exclamation mark_sentence_232

Unicode and HTML Exclamation mark_section_28

Exclamation mark_unordered_list_2

  • U+0021 ! EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML !, !)Exclamation mark_item_2_6

Related forms are encoded: Exclamation mark_sentence_233

Exclamation mark_unordered_list_3

  • U+00A1 ¡ INVERTED EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML ¡ · ¡)Exclamation mark_item_3_7
  • U+01C3 ǃ LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK (HTML ǃ) (In IPA: alveolar click)Exclamation mark_item_3_8
  • U+203C ‼ DOUBLE EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML ‼) (for use in vertical text)Exclamation mark_item_3_9
  • U+203D ‽ INTERROBANGExclamation mark_item_3_10
  • U+2048 ⁈ QUESTION EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML ⁈) (for use in vertical text)Exclamation mark_item_3_11
  • U+2049 ⁉ EXCLAMATION QUESTION MARK (HTML ⁉) (for use in vertical text)Exclamation mark_item_3_12
  • U+26A0 ⚠ WARNING SIGN (HTML ⚠) (exclamation mark in triangle)Exclamation mark_item_3_13
  • U+2755 ❕ WHITE EXCLAMATION MARK ORNAMENT (HTML ❕) (in Unicode lingo, "white" means hollow)Exclamation mark_item_3_14
  • U+2757 ❗ HEAVY EXCLAMATION MARK SYMBOL (HTML ❗)Exclamation mark_item_3_15
  • U+2762 ❢ HEAVY EXCLAMATION MARK ORNAMENT (HTML ❢)Exclamation mark_item_3_16
  • U+2763 ❣ HEAVY HEART EXCLAMATION MARK ORNAMENT (HTML ❣)Exclamation mark_item_3_17
  • U+A71D ꜝ MODIFIER LETTER RAISED EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML ꜝ)Exclamation mark_item_3_18
  • U+A71E ꜞ MODIFIER LETTER RAISED INVERTED EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML ꜞ)Exclamation mark_item_3_19
  • U+A71F ꜟ MODIFIER LETTER LOW INVERTED EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML ꜟ)Exclamation mark_item_3_20
  • U+FE57 ﹗ SMALL EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML ﹗) (for special applications within CJK text)Exclamation mark_item_3_21
  • U+FF01 ! FULLWIDTH EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML !) (for special applications within CJK text)Exclamation mark_item_3_22
  • U+1F574 🕴 MAN IN BUSINESS SUIT LEVITATING (HTML 🕴) (a humanized exclamation mark imported from Webdings)Exclamation mark_item_3_23
  • U+E0021 TAG EXCLAMATION MARK (HTML 󠀡)Exclamation mark_item_3_24

Some scripts have their own exclamation mark: Exclamation mark_sentence_234

Exclamation mark_unordered_list_4

See also Exclamation mark_section_29

Exclamation mark_unordered_list_5


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exclamation mark.