Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
(Redirected from FIA)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

"FIA" redirects here. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_0

For other uses, see FIA (disambiguation). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_1

Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_table_infobox_0

Fédération Internationale de l'AutomobileFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_table_caption_0
AbbreviationFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_0_0 FIAFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_0_1
FormationFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_1_0 20 June 1904; 116 years ago (1904-06-20) (as AIACR)Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_1_1
TypeFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_2_0 Sports federation for auto racingFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_2_1
Legal statusFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_3_0 Voluntary associationFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_3_1
PurposeFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_4_0 Motorists' issues

MotorsportsFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_4_1

HeadquartersFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_5_0 Place de la ConcordeFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_5_1
LocationFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_6_0 Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_6_1
Region servedFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_7_0 InternationalFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_7_1
MembershipFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_8_0 240 national organisationsFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_8_1
Official languageFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_9_0 English

French ItalianFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_9_1

PresidentFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_10_0 Jean TodtFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_10_1
Main organFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_11_0 General AssemblyFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_11_1
AffiliationsFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_12_0 FIA Institute

FIA Foundation International Olympic Committee World Health Organization Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development World Tourism Organization UN Environment ProgrammeFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_12_1

WebsiteFédération Internationale de l'Automobile_header_cell_0_13_0 Q179412#P856Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_cell_0_13_1

The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA; English: International Automobile Federation) is an association established on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_2

To the general public, the FIA is mostly known as the governing body for many auto racing events, such as the well known Formula One. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_3

The FIA also promotes road safety around the world. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_4

Headquartered at 8 Place de la Concorde, Paris, the FIA consists of 246 member organisations in 145 countries worldwide. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_5

Its current president is Jean Todt. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_6

The FIA is generally known by its French name or initials, even in non-French-speaking countries, but is occasionally rendered as International Automobile Federation. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_7

Its most prominent role is in the licensing and sanctioning of Formula One, World Rally Championship, World Endurance Championship, World Touring Car Cup, World Rallycross Championship, Formula E and various other forms of racing. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_8

The FIA along with the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) also certify land speed record attempts. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_9

The International Olympic Committee provisionally recognized the federation in 2011, and granted full recognition in 2013. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_10

History Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_0

The Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: 'International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs') was founded in Paris on 20 June 1904, as an association of national motor clubs. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_11

The association was designed to represent the interests of motor car users, as well as to oversee the burgeoning international motor sport scene. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_12

In 1922, the AIACR delegated the organisation of automobile racing to the Commission Sportive Internationale (CSI), which would set the regulations for international Grand Prix motor racing. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_13

The European Drivers' Championship was introduced in 1931, a title awarded to the driver with the best results in the selected Grands Prix. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_14

Upon the resumption of motor racing after the Second World War, the AIACR was renamed the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_15

The FIA established a number of new racing categories, among them Formulas One and Two, and created the first World Championship, the Formula One World Drivers' Championship, in 1950. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_16

The CSI determined the regulations and calendar of the major international championships, such as the Formula One World Championship, World Sportscar Championship and European Rally Championship. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_17

Meanwhile, the organisers of the individual races (for example local or national clubs) were responsible for accepting entries, paying prize money, and the general running of each event. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_18

In Formula One, this led to tension between the teams, which formed themselves into the Formula One Constructors Association (FOCA) founded in 1974, event organisers and the CSI. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_19

The FIA and CSI were largely amateur organisations, and FOCA under the control of Bernie Ecclestone began to take charge of various aspects of organising the events, as well as setting terms with race organisers for the arrival of teams and the amount of prize money. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_20

This led to the FIA President Prince Metternich attempting to reassert its authority by appointing Jean-Marie Balestre as the head of the CSI in 1978, who promptly reformed the committee into the autonomous Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile (FISA). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_21

Under Balestre's leadership FISA and the manufacturer-backed teams became involved in a dispute with FOCA (named the "FISA–FOCA war"). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_22

The conflict saw several races being cancelled or boycotted, and large-scale disagreement over the technical regulations and their enforcement. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_23

The dispute and the Concorde Agreement that was written to end it, would have significant ramifications for the FIA. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_24

The agreement led to FOCA acquiring commercial rights over Formula One, while FISA and the FIA would have control over sport's regulations. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_25

FOCA chief Bernie Ecclestone became an FIA Vice-President with control over promoting the FIA's World Championships, while FOCA legal advisor and former March Engineering manager Max Mosley would end up becoming FISA President in 1991. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_26

Mosley succeeded Balestre as President of the FIA in 1993 and restructured the organisation, dissolving FISA and placing motor racing under the direct management of the FIA. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_27

Following the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, which saw the deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger, the FIA formed an Expert Advisory Safety Committee to research and improve safety in motor racing. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_28

Chaired by Formula One medical chief Professor Sid Watkins, the committee worked with the Motor Industry Research Association to strengthen the crash resistance of cars and the restraint systems and to improve the drivers personal safety. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_29

The recommendations of the committee led to significantly more stringent crash tests for racing vehicles, new safety standards for helmets and race suits, and the eventual introduction of the HANS device as compulsory in all international racing series. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_30

The committee also worked on improving circuit safety. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_31

This led to a number of changes at motor racing circuits around the world, and the improvement of crash barriers and trackside medical procedures. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_32

The FIA was a founder member of the European New Car Assessment Programme, a car safety programme that crash-tests new models and publishes safety reports on vehicles. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_33

Mosley was the first chairman of the organisation. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_34

The FIA later helped establish the Latin NCAP and Global NCAP. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_35

European Commission investigation Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_1

The Competition Directorate of the European Commission and the FIA were involved in a dispute over the commercial administration of motorsport during the 1990s. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_36

The Competition Commissioner, Karel Van Miert had received a number of complaints from television companies and motorsport promoters in 1997 that the FIA had been abusing its position as motorsport's governing body. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_37

Van Miert's initial inquiry had not concluded by 1999, which resulted in the FIA suing the European Commission, alleging that the delay was causing damaging uncertainty, and successfully receiving an apology from the Commission over the leaking of documents relating to the case. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_38

Mario Monti took over as Commissioner in 1999, and the European Commission opened a formal investigation into the FIA. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_39

The Commission alleged a number of breaches of European competition law, centred around the FIA's administration of licences required to participate in motorsport and the control of television rights of the motorsport events it authorised. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_40

In order to compete in events the FIA authorised, the competitor had to apply for a licence, which prohibited licensees from entering a series not controlled by the FIA. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_41

This provision, which also applied to racing circuits and promoters, prevented rival championships competing against the FIA championships by restricting their access to facilities, drivers, and vehicle manufacturers. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_42

In addition, the FIA also claimed the television rights to all international motorsport events, which were then transferred to International Sportsworld Communicators, a company controlled by Ecclestone. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_43

This meant organisers were forced into having their championships promoted by the same company that managed the affairs of other motorsport events, a potential conflict of interest. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_44

The combination of these requirements meant Ecclestone's Formula One Administration, which now controlled Formula One's commercial rights, was protected from competition from any rival championships. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_45

The investigation was closed in 2001 after the FIA and FOA agreed to a number of conditions. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_46

In order to fairly regulate all international motorsport, the FIA agreed to limit its role to that of a sporting regulator, and would sell the commercial rights to its championships, including Formula One. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_47

This was to prevent a conflict of interest between the FIA's regulatory role and any commercial advantages it may gain from the success of certain championships. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_48

The FIA could no longer prevent non-FIA administered events from being established, neither could it use its powers to prevent competition to Formula One. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_49

Ecclestone and FOA would no longer handle the commercial rights to other motorsport events outside of Formula One. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_50

Ecclestone had sold the ISC company, which now only controlled the rights to rallying, and would stand down from his role as an FIA Vice-President. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_51

As a result of this ruling, the FIA sold the commercial rights to Formula One to the Formula One Group for 100 years for $360 million. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_52

Later Mosley years Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_2

Mosley was elected unopposed to his third term as president in 2001, the first election which reduced the term from five to four years. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_53

The FIA also moved back to Paris, having been based in Geneva (outside the EU) for the previous two years during the European Commission's investigation. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_54

The FIA Foundation was established in 2001 as the FIA's charitable arm. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_55

The Foundation received a US$300 million grant from the sale of Formula One's rights to fund research into road safety, the environmental impact of motoring, and to support sustainable motoring. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_56

In 2004 the FIA and the Foundation established the FIA Institute for Motor Sport Safety, which brought together the various safety research groups into one organisation. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_57

The Make Roads Safe campaign was set up in 2006 by the FIA Foundation, targeting the creation of safe roads across the world. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_58

During the 2000s the FIA and its president became increasingly embroiled in controversy over Formula One, while facing threats from teams to establish a breakaway series. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_59

A grouping of the car manufacturers involved in F1, the Grand Prix Manufacturers Association, proposed a new world championship, which would allow them greater control over the regulations and revenue distribution. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_60

A new Concorde Agreement eventually ended the threat, but the breakaway series would resurface during each dispute between the FIA, teams and the Formula One Group. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_61

The FIA's handling of the tyre situation at the 2005 United States Grand Prix was criticised. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_62

Mosley had refused any modification to the circuit or the holding of a non-championship event in place of the Grand Prix, having stated that running on an untested circuit was unsafe. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_63

The FIA also threatened to punish the teams who withdrew from the event, but later cleared the teams of any wrongdoing. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_64

Having again been re-elected unopposed in 2005, Mosley faced his first leadership challenge in a vote of confidence called in June 2008. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_65

The vote was in response to allegations concerning Mosley's sex life published by the British media. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_66

Mosley won the vote by 103 votes in support to 55 against, though he continued to face criticism from several motoring clubs and motorsport figures. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_67

In mid-2009, the FIA and the newly formed Formula One Teams Association disagreed over the pending implementation of a budget cap for the 2010 season. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_68

The teams again threatened a breakaway championship, with the FIA in response opening an entry process for new teams. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_69

The dispute also focused on a lack of confidence in Mosley's control over the sport, and there was a stand-off until Ecclestone negotiated a settlement to establish a new Concorde Agreement. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_70

In return for the teams joining the championship and ending the dispute, the budget cap would be replaced by a series of cost-cutting measures, and Mosley agreed to stand down at the end of his term in 2009. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_71

Todt presidency Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_3

Former Scuderia Ferrari boss Jean Todt was elected the new President of the FIA in 2009, beating former World Rally champion Ari Vatanen. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_72

Event history Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_4

Organisational structure Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_5

The FIA General Assembly is the Federation's supreme governing body, consisting of representatives from each of the FIA's member associations. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_73

Meetings of the General Assembly are usually held once a year, though extraordinary meetings can be convened for urgent matters. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_74

The General Assembly has responsibility for amending the FIA's statutes and regulations, approving the annual budget and reports, deciding upon the membership, and electing the officers and members to the Federation's governing bodies. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_75

The FIA Senate overseas the finances and management of the FIA, and can take decisions required between meetings of the relevant committee or World Council. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_76

The head of the FIA and chairman of the General Assembly is the President, an office currently held by Jean Todt. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_77

The President coordinates the activities of the Federation and proposes resolutions to the various commissions and committees. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_78

The President also acts as the representative of the FIA to external organisations. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_79

There is also a Deputy and seven Vice-Presidents for Sport and Mobility, who assist the President in managing the activities in their respective area. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_80

The President is elected to a four-year term by the General Assembly. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_81

Candidates must produce an electoral list consisting of their proposed Deputy Presidents, Vice-Presidents for Sport, and the President of the Senate, as well as demonstrate support from a number of member clubs. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_82

The FIA has two World Councils. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_83

The Mobility and Automobile Council governs all non-sporting activities, comprising transport policy, road safety, tourism and environmental concerns. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_84

The World Motor Sport Council (WMSC) governs all sporting events regulated by the FIA, and writes the regulations for every FIA championship. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_85

It also supervises Karting through the Commission Internationale de Karting (CIK). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_86

Beneath the WMSC are a number of specialised commissions, which are either focused on individual championships, or general areas such as safety. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_87

The FIA's judicial bodies include the International Tribunal, which exercises disciplinary powers that are not dealt with by the meeting stewards, and the International Court of Appeal. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_88

The ICA is the final appeal tribunal for international motor sport, which resolves disputes brought before it by National Sporting Authorities worldwide, or by the President of the FIA. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_89

It can also settle non-sporting disputes brought by national motoring organizations affiliated to the FIA. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_90

Presidents Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_6

FIA Hall of Fame Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_7

Main article: FIA Hall of Fame Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_91

The FIA Hall of Fame honours racing drivers, technicians and engineers, who have greatly contributed to motor racing. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_92

It was established by FIA in 2017. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_93

FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_8

Main article: FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_94

In October 2010, the FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy was announced; a new programme to develop young driver talent worldwide. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_95

After a three-day shootout in Melk, Austria on 6–8 February, twelve drivers were selected. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_96

Regulations and standards Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_9

Many of the Formula Student regulations also refer to FIA standards. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_sentence_97

Criticism Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_10

See also Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_section_11

Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile.