Film producer

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A film producer is a person who oversees film production. Film producer_sentence_0

Either employed by a production company or working independently, producers plan and coordinate various aspects of film production, such as selecting the script; coordinating writing, directing, editing; and arranging financing. Film producer_sentence_1

During the "discovery stage", the producer finds and selects promising material for development. Film producer_sentence_2

Then, unless the film is based on an existing script, the producer has to hire a screenwriter and oversee the development of the script. Film producer_sentence_3

Once a script is completed, the producer will lead a pitch to secure the financial backing (a "green light") to allow production to begin. Film producer_sentence_4

The producer also supervises the pre-production, production, and post-production stages of filmmaking. Film producer_sentence_5

One of the most important tasks is to hire the director and other key crew members. Film producer_sentence_6

Whereas the director makes the creative decisions during the production, the producer typically manages the logistics and business operations, though some directors also produce their own films. Film producer_sentence_7

The producer is tasked with making sure the film is delivered on time and within budget, and has the final say on creative decisions. Film producer_sentence_8

Finally, the producer will oversee the marketing and distribution. Film producer_sentence_9

For various reasons, producers cannot always supervise all of the production. Film producer_sentence_10

In this case, the main producer or executive producer may hire and delegate work to associate producers, assistant producers, line producers or unit production managers. Film producer_sentence_11

Types Film producer_section_0

Different types of producers and their roles within the industry today include: Film producer_sentence_12

Executive producer Film producer_section_1

Main article: Executive producer Film producer_sentence_13

The executive producer oversees all of the other producers working on the same project. Film producer_sentence_14

They make sure that the producers are fulfilling their roles on the given production. Film producer_sentence_15

They are also usually in charge of managing the film's finances and handling all other business aspects of the film. Film producer_sentence_16

On a TV series an Executive Producer or Co-Executive Producer is often a writer and given the credit in a creative capacity. Film producer_sentence_17

On a Feature or Movie the Executive Producer is often the person directly funding the movie or the person who found the investors or company that provided the funding. Film producer_sentence_18

Line producer Film producer_section_2

Main article: Line producer Film producer_sentence_19

The line producer manages the staff and day-to-day operations and oversees each and every physical aspect that is involved in the making of a film or television program. Film producer_sentence_20

The line producer can be credited as "produced by" in certain cases. Film producer_sentence_21

Supervising producer Film producer_section_3

The supervising producer supervises the creative process of screenplay development and often aids in script re-writes. Film producer_sentence_22

They can also fulfill the executive producer's role of overseeing other producers. Film producer_sentence_23

Producer Film producer_section_4

Within the production process, a producer can oversee, arrange, manage, and begin every single aspect. Film producer_sentence_24

They are involved in every single stage of the overall production process. Film producer_sentence_25

Co-producer Film producer_section_5

A co-producer is a member of a team of producers that perform all of the functions and roles that a single producer would have in a single given project. Film producer_sentence_26

Coordinating producer or production coordinator Film producer_section_6

Main article: Production coordinator Film producer_sentence_27

A coordinating producer coordinates the work/role of multiple producers who are trying to achieve a shared result. Film producer_sentence_28

Associate producer or assistant producer Film producer_section_7

The associate or assistant producer helps the producer during the production process. Film producer_sentence_29

They can sometimes be involved in coordinating others' jobs, such as creating peoples' schedules and hiring the main talent. Film producer_sentence_30

Segment producer Film producer_section_8

A segment producer produces one or more single specific segments of a multi-segment film or television production. Film producer_sentence_31

Field producer Film producer_section_9

A field producer helps the producer by overseeing all of the production that takes place outside of the studio in specific locations for the film. Film producer_sentence_32

Responsibilities Film producer_section_10

Development and Pre-production Film producer_section_11

Main article: Pre-production Film producer_sentence_33

During this stage of the production process, producers bring together people like the film director, cinematographer, and production designer. Film producer_sentence_34

Unless the film is supposed to be based on an original script, the producer has to find an appropriate screenwriter. Film producer_sentence_35

If an existing script is considered flawed, they are able to order a new version or make the decision to hire a script doctor. Film producer_sentence_36

The producer also has the final say on hiring the film director, cast members, and other staff. Film producer_sentence_37

In some cases, they also have the last word when it comes to casting questions. Film producer_sentence_38

A producer's role will also consist of approving locations, the studio hire, the final shooting script, the production schedule, and the budget. Film producer_sentence_39

More time and money spent in pre-production can reduce the time and money wasted during production time. Film producer_sentence_40

Production Film producer_section_12

Main article: Principal photography Film producer_sentence_41

During production, the producer's job is to make sure the film stays on schedule and under budget. Film producer_sentence_42

They will always be in contact with directors and other key creative team members. Film producer_sentence_43

For various reasons, producers cannot always personally supervise all parts of their production. Film producer_sentence_44

For example, some producers run a company which also deals with film distribution. Film producer_sentence_45

Also, cast and film crew often work at different times and places, and certain films even require a second unit. Film producer_sentence_46

Post-production Film producer_section_13

Main article: Post-production Film producer_sentence_47

During post-production, the producer has the last word on whether sounds, music, or scenes have to be changed or cut. Film producer_sentence_48

Even if the shooting has been finished, the producers can still demand that additional scenes be filmed. Film producer_sentence_49

In the case of a negative test screening, producers may even demand and get an alternative film ending. Film producer_sentence_50

For example, the audience reacted very negatively to Rambo's death in the test screening for the film First Blood, and the producers requested that the cast and crew shoot a new ending. Film producer_sentence_51

Producers also oversee the sales, marketing and distribution rights of the film, often working with specialist third-party firms. Film producer_sentence_52

The union Film producer_section_14

Within the United States film and television industry, all producers union contracts are negotiated by The Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP). Film producer_sentence_53

It was founded in 1924 by the U.S Trade Association as the Association of Motion Picture Producers. Film producer_sentence_54

The AMPTP was originally responsible for negotiating labor contracts, but during the mid-1930s it took over all contract negotiation responsibilities previously controlled by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Film producer_sentence_55

Today, the AMPTP negotiates with various industry associations when dealing with producers union contracts, including the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA), the Directors Guild of America (DGA), and the Screen Actors Guild (SAG). Film producer_sentence_56

In 2012, the AMPTP negotiated over eighty industry-wide union agreements on behalf of 350 producers. Film producer_sentence_57

Since 1982, the AMPT has been responsible for negotiating these union agreements and it's now considered the official contract negotiation representative for everyone within the industry. Film producer_sentence_58

Career process Film producer_section_15

There are many different ways to become a film producer. Film producer_sentence_59

Stanley Kramer started as an editor and writer, while other producers started as actors or directors. Film producer_sentence_60

However, many producers start in a college, university or film school. Film producer_sentence_61

On the occasion of announcing his own film school, 'École de la Cité, film producer Luc Besson admitted that at the beginning of his career, he would have appreciated the chance to attend a film school. Film producer_sentence_62

Film schools and many universities offer degree courses that include film production knowledge, with some courses that are especially designed for future film producers. Film producer_sentence_63

These courses focus on key topics like pitching, script development, script assessment, shooting schedule design, and budgeting. Film producer_sentence_64

Students can also expect practical training regarding post-production. Film producer_sentence_65

Training at a top producing school is one of the most efficient ways a student can show professionals they are not a rookie. Film producer_sentence_66

While education is one way to begin a career as a film producer, experience is also required to land a job. Film producer_sentence_67

Internships are a great way to gain experience while in school and give students a solid foundation on which to build their career. Film producer_sentence_68

Many internships are paid, which enable students to earn money while gaining hands-on skills from industry professionals. Film producer_sentence_69

Through internships, students get to network with people in the film industry as well. Film producer_sentence_70

This pays off in the end when looking for jobs after school. Film producer_sentence_71

Once an internship is over, the next step typically will be to land a junior position, such as a production assistant. Film producer_sentence_72

Although rates can vary based on a producer's role and the location of filming, the average salary can start anywhere from $20,000 to $70,000, even doubling when working in Los Angeles. Film producer_sentence_73

The average annual salary for a producer in the U.S. is $109,844. Film producer_sentence_74

When examining more than 15,000 producers in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the average annual salary is $138,640. Film producer_sentence_75

Producers can also have an agreement to take a percentage of a movie's sales. Film producer_sentence_76

There is no average work day for a film producer, since their tasks are changing from day to day. Film producer_sentence_77

A producer's work hours are often irregular and can consist of very long days with the possibility of working nights and weekends. Film producer_sentence_78

See also Film producer_section_16

Film producer_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Film producer.