Formula E

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This article is about the ABB FIA Formula E Championship. Formula E_sentence_0

For other uses, see Formula E (disambiguation). Formula E_sentence_1

Formula E_table_infobox_0

Formula E World ChampionshipFormula E_table_caption_0
CategoryFormula E_header_cell_0_0_0 Single-seaterFormula E_cell_0_0_1
CountryFormula E_header_cell_0_1_0 InternationalFormula E_cell_0_1_1
Inaugural seasonFormula E_header_cell_0_2_0 2014–15Formula E_cell_0_2_1
DriversFormula E_header_cell_0_3_0 27 (2019–20)Formula E_cell_0_3_1
TeamsFormula E_header_cell_0_4_0 12 (2019–20)Formula E_cell_0_4_1
ConstructorsFormula E_header_cell_0_5_0 Spark-DallaraFormula E_cell_0_5_1
Tyre suppliersFormula E_header_cell_0_6_0 MichelinFormula E_cell_0_6_1
Drivers' championFormula E_header_cell_0_7_0 Portugal António Félix da CostaFormula E_cell_0_7_1
Teams' championFormula E_header_cell_0_8_0 China DS TecheetahFormula E_cell_0_8_1
Official websiteFormula E_header_cell_0_9_0 Formula E_cell_0_9_1

Formula E, officially the ABB FIA Formula E World Championship, is a single-seater motorsport championship that uses only electric cars. Formula E_sentence_2

The series is promoted and owned by Formula E Holdings. Formula E_sentence_3

In 2011 it was conceived in Paris by Jean Todt at the FIA, and the inaugural championship commenced in Beijing in September 2014. Formula E_sentence_4

It is sanctioned by the FIA. Formula E_sentence_5

Alejandro Agag is the founder and current chairman of Formula E Holdings. Formula E_sentence_6

History Formula E_section_0

The proposal for a city-based, single-seater electric car motor racing championship was conceived by Jean Todt, the president of the world governing body of motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), and presented to politicians Alejandro Agag and Antonio Tajani and the Italian actor Teo Teocoli at a dinner at a small Italian restaurant in the French capital Paris on 3 March 2011. Formula E_sentence_7

Tajani was concentrated on the electrification of the automobile industry, reducing carbon-dioxide emissions and introducing hybrid and electric systems. Formula E_sentence_8

Agag supported Todt's proposal after the latter discussed the FIA opening up a tender to organise the series. Formula E_sentence_9

Agag told Todt that he would take on the task because of his prior experience in negotiating contracts with television stations, sponsorship and marketing. Formula E_sentence_10

The FIA announced in December 2019 that Formula E would be given world championship status from the 2020–21 season, making it the first single-seater racing series outside of Formula One to be given world championship status. Formula E_sentence_11

Regulations Formula E_section_1

Overview Formula E_section_2

The Formula E championship is currently contested by twelve teams with two drivers each. Formula E_sentence_12

The sport features electric-powered race cars similar in style to the hybrid-drive cars of Formula One. Formula E_sentence_13

Racing generally takes place on temporary city-centre street circuits, 1.9 to 3.4 km (1.2 to 2.1 mi) long. Formula E_sentence_14

Race day format Formula E_section_3

All events begin with two practice sessions in the morning: an opening 45-minute session followed by a further 30-minute session. Formula E_sentence_15

During these sessions, the drivers are free to use the full qualifying power output (currently 250 kW (335 bhp). Formula E_sentence_16

The qualifying session takes place later in the day and lasts approximately one hour. Formula E_sentence_17

The drivers are divided into four groups of six, with each group having 6 minutes to set their best lap. Formula E_sentence_18

The first group consists of the six drivers currently leading the championship, followed by the next six in the championship etc. Formula E_sentence_19

This is intended as a small handicap for the top drivers, because track conditions generally improve in the course of a session. Formula E_sentence_20

Full power of 250 kW is available throughout qualifying. Formula E_sentence_21

Since the second season, the six fastest drivers then go out again, one by one, in the Super Pole shoot-out to determine the top six grid positions. Formula E_sentence_22

The race itself is set to 45 minutes plus one lap. Formula E_sentence_23

During the first four seasons, drivers made one mandatory pit stop to change cars. Formula E_sentence_24

With the introduction of the Gen2 car, this is no longer necessary, because the battery lasts for the full race. Formula E_sentence_25

Since the all-weather tyres are designed to last for a whole race, pit stops are currently only needed to change a flat tyre or to perform repairs on the car. Formula E_sentence_26

In race mode the maximum power is currently restricted to 200 kW (268 bhp). Formula E_sentence_27

Point scoring Formula E_section_4

Points are awarded to the top ten drivers using the standard FIA system (25-18-15-12-10-8-6-4-2-1). Formula E_sentence_28

The driver securing the pole position is also awarded 3 points, while the driver setting the fastest lap (if they finish in the top ten) additionally receives 1 point (2 points during the first two seasons). Formula E_sentence_29

The championship consists of both a drivers' and teams' championship. Formula E_sentence_30

A driver's end of season total is made up of a driver's best results. Formula E_sentence_31

A team's total is made up by counting both drivers' scores throughout the season. Formula E_sentence_32

Fanboost Formula E_section_5

For each race, fans can vote for their favorite driver via various social media channels to give them an extra power boost. Formula E_sentence_33

Voting starts 6 days before the event and closes after the opening 15 minutes of the race. Formula E_sentence_34

The five winning Fanboost drivers each receive an extra power burst that can be used in a 5-second window during the second half of the race. Formula E_sentence_35

Attack mode Formula E_section_6

With the fifth season, a feature called attack mode was introduced, in which drivers receive an additional 25 kW of power by driving through a designated area of the circuit off the racing line. Formula E_sentence_36

The duration of the boost mode and the number of boosts available are decided only shortly in advance of each race by the FIA to stop teams from anticipating its use and incorporating it into race strategy. Formula E_sentence_37

All attack modes must be activated at the end of the race, but do not need to be used up (i.e. if a final attack mode is activated in the penultimate lap, the driver is not penalized for having it still activated at the end of the race). Formula E_sentence_38

Starting season 6, the additional power has been increased to 35 kW. Formula E_sentence_39

If there is a full course yellow period or a safety car, attack mode will not be allowed to be activated. Formula E_sentence_40

Under safety car or FCY, 1 kWh of energy will be knocked off, giving drivers and teams more energy management tactics. Formula E_sentence_41

Car Formula E_section_7

Further information: Formula E car Formula E_sentence_42

Spark-Renault SRT_01E Formula E_section_8

Main article: Spark-Renault SRT_01E Formula E_sentence_43

For the first four seasons, an electric racing car built by Spark Racing Technology, called the Spark-Renault SRT 01E, was used. Formula E_sentence_44

The chassis was designed by Dallara, a battery system was created by Williams Advanced Engineering and a Hewland five-speed gearbox was used. Formula E_sentence_45

Michelin was the official tyre supplier. Formula E_sentence_46

For the first season, 42 electric cars were ordered by the series. Formula E_sentence_47

4 cars were made available to each of the 10 teams and 2 cars were kept for testing purposes. Formula E_sentence_48

This first Formula E car had a power of at least 250 horsepower (190 kW). Formula E_sentence_49

The car was able to accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in 3 seconds, with a maximum speed of 225 km/h (140 mph). Formula E_sentence_50

The generators used to re-charge the batteries are powered by glycerine, a by-product of bio-diesel production. Formula E_sentence_51

In the first season, all teams used an electric motor developed by McLaren (the same as that used in its P1 supercar). Formula E_sentence_52

But since the second season, powertrain manufacturers could build their own electric motor, inverter, gearbox and cooling system; the chassis and battery stayed the same. Formula E_sentence_53

There were nine manufacturers creating powertrains for the 2016–17 season: ABT Schaeffler, Andretti Technologies, DS-Virgin, Jaguar, Mahindra, NextEV TCR, Penske, Renault, and Venturi. Formula E_sentence_54

Spark SRT05e ("Gen2 car") Formula E_section_9

Main article: Spark SRT05e Formula E_sentence_55

The second-generation ("Gen2") Formula E car was introduced in the 2018–19 season and features significant technological advances over the previous Spark-Renault SRT 01E car – its 54 kWh battery and power output rising from 200 kW to 250 kW and top speed rising to around 280 km/h (174 mph). Formula E_sentence_56

The arrival of the Gen2 car also sees an end to the series’ mid-race car-swaps. Formula E_sentence_57

The new cars are equipped with Brembo braking systems, chosen by Spark Racing Technology as the sole supplier. Formula E_sentence_58

The new cars are also equipped with the halo, a T-shaped safety cage designed to protect the driver's head in crashes and by deflecting flying objects. Formula E_sentence_59

Michelin remains as tyre manufacturer, supplying all-weather treaded tyres. Formula E_sentence_60

Gen3 car (from 2022) Formula E_section_10

The Gen3 Formula E car is planned to be introduced for the ninth Formula E season (2022–23). Formula E_sentence_61

Power levels for the car are expected to be 350 kW in qualifying and 300 kW in the race, whilst regeneration levels will be allowed on both front (250 kW) and rear (350 kW) axles for a maximum of 600 kW recovery under braking. Formula E_sentence_62

The battery will also be designed to be able to handle "flash-charging" at rates of up to 800 kW, allowing pitstop recharging into the championship for the first time. Formula E_sentence_63

In July 2020 it was announced that Spark Racing Technology would build the chassis and supply the front axle MGU, Williams Advanced Engineering would supply the battery, and Hankook would supply all-weather tires incorporating bio-material and sustainable rubber. Formula E_sentence_64

Safety car Formula E_section_11

Since 2014, the BMW i8 plug-in hybrid is employed as the Formula E safety car. Formula E_sentence_65

Seasons Formula E_section_12

Champions Formula E_section_13

Main article: List of Formula E champions Formula E_sentence_66

2014–15 Formula E_section_14

Main article: 2014–15 Formula E season Formula E_sentence_67

The calendar consisted of 11 races held in 10 different host cities: Beijing, Putrajaya, Punta del Este, Buenos Aires, Long Beach, Miami, Monte Carlo, Berlin, Moscow and finally London, where last two rounds of the championship took place. Formula E_sentence_68

The first Formula E race at the Beijing Olympic Green Circuit on 13 September 2014 was won by Lucas Di Grassi, after Nick Heidfeld and Nicolas Prost crashed out on the final corner. Formula E_sentence_69

In the course of the season, there were 7 different race winners: Sébastien Buemi (three times), Sam Bird (twice), Nelson Piquet Jr. (twice), António Félix da Costa, Nicolas Prost, Jérôme d'Ambrosio and Lucas Di Grassi. Formula E_sentence_70

The championship was decided with the last race in London, where Nelson Piquet Jr. became the first Formula E champion, only a single point ahead of Sébastien Buemi. Formula E_sentence_71

Piquet, Buemi, and Di Grassi all had a theoretical chance at winning the title in the final round. Formula E_sentence_72

The team championship was decided on the second to last race, with e.dams Renault (232 points) winning ahead of Dragon Racing (171 points) who surpassed ABT in the final round of the championship. Formula E_sentence_73

2015–16 Formula E_section_15

Main article: 2015–16 Formula E season Formula E_sentence_74

The second season of Formula E started in October 2015 and ended in early July 2016. Formula E_sentence_75

The calendar consisted of 10 races in 9 different cities. Formula E_sentence_76

For this season eight manufacturers were introduced, who were allowed to develop new powertrains. Formula E_sentence_77

Sébastien Buemi won the championship with only 2 points more than Lucas di Grassi by claiming the fastest lap in the final race in London. Formula E_sentence_78

2016–17 Formula E_section_16

Main article: 2016–17 Formula E season Formula E_sentence_79

The 2016–17 FIA Formula E season was the third season of the FIA Formula E championship. Formula E_sentence_80

It started in October 2016 in Hong Kong and ended in July 2017 in Montreal. Formula E_sentence_81

Lucas di Grassi won the championship in the last race of the season, 24 points ahead of Sébastien Buemi and 54 points ahead of third-placed rookie driver Felix Rosenqvist. Formula E_sentence_82

The Renault e.Dams team successfully defended their team championship title. Formula E_sentence_83

2017–18 Formula E_section_17

Main article: 2017–18 Formula E season Formula E_sentence_84

The 2017–18 FIA Formula E season was the fourth season of the FIA Formula E championship. Formula E_sentence_85

It started in December 2017 in Hong Kong and ended in July 2018. Formula E_sentence_86

Jean-Éric Vergne clinched the title with a race to spare in New York by finishing fifth while title rival Sam Bird failed to score enough points to keep the fight going into the final race of the season. Formula E_sentence_87

After a difficult first half of the season, Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler improved in the second half and passed Techeetah at the final race to claim the teams' championship by two points. Formula E_sentence_88

2018–19 Formula E_section_18

Main article: 2018–19 Formula E season Formula E_sentence_89

The Gen2 race car was introduced for season five with significantly improved power and range, thus eliminating the need to change cars and pit stops altogether except for damages. Formula E_sentence_90

However, cars are still vulnerable to power exhaustions if red flags and safety cars lengthen races. Formula E_sentence_91

Gen2 also saw the introduction of the halo driver protection system. Formula E_sentence_92

The car was unveiled in January 2018. Formula E_sentence_93

BMW, Nissan and DS Automobiles would join Formula E as official manufacturers for the 2018–19 season, with Nissan replacing Renault, which had exited the championship to focus its resources on its Formula 1 team. Formula E_sentence_94

The format of the races also changed from a set number of laps to 45 minutes plus one lap. Formula E_sentence_95

The 2019 Hong Kong ePrix was the 50th race of Formula E since its inception in 2014. Formula E_sentence_96

Formula E raced in 20 cities, across five continents, seen 13 global manufactures commit to the series. Formula E_sentence_97

Four drivers have started all 50 Formula E races: Lucas di Grassi, Sam Bird, Daniel Abt and Jérôme d'Ambrosio. Formula E_sentence_98

After the first race in New York City, Jean-Eric Vergne won his second Formula E championship, becoming the first driver to win more than 1 championship title, and a back-to-back championship title. Formula E_sentence_99

Techeetah won their first constructor's championship. Formula E_sentence_100

2019–20 Formula E_section_19

Main article: 2019–20 Formula E season Formula E_sentence_101

For the sixth season of Formula E, two more manufacturers joined the series: Mercedes-Benz and Porsche. Formula E_sentence_102

A number of rule changes were introduced to the championship, most notably the deduction of usable energy under safety car and Full Course Yellow conditions, with drivers having energy subtracted at 1kWh per minute. Formula E_sentence_103

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the championship was suspended in March 2020 and all scheduled races were eventually cancelled. Formula E_sentence_104

The season was completed in August with six races at the Tempelhof Airport Street Circuit in Berlin on three different layouts. Formula E_sentence_105

The season's champion was António Félix da Costa who clinched his first title with two races left. Formula E_sentence_106

DS Techeetah became team champions for the second time in a row. Formula E_sentence_107

2020–21 Formula E_section_20

Main article: 2020-21 Formula E season Formula E_sentence_108

Starting with the 2020–21 season, the Formula E Championship will be granted FIA World Championship status, due to it having met the criteria of having four manufacturer competitors and races on three continents since the 2015–16 season. Formula E_sentence_109

The facelift of the Spark Gen2 car called the Gen2 EVO, was originally scheduled to debut in this season, but was later delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Formula E_sentence_110

In late 2020, Audi and BMW announced their withdrawal from Formula E after the 2020-21 season. Formula E_sentence_111

Support series Formula E_section_21

FE School Series Formula E_section_22

During the first season, the FE School Series for student teams that developed their own electric car took place as support races at selected events. Formula E_sentence_112

The series was not continued during the second season. Formula E_sentence_113

Roborace Formula E_section_23

Main article: Roborace Formula E_sentence_114

Roborace is developing the world's first autonomous and electrically powered racing car. Formula E_sentence_115

The company is planning to develop the first global championship for driverless cars. Formula E_sentence_116

It held demonstrations at selected races during the 2016–17 Formula E season and 2017–18 Formula E season. Formula E_sentence_117

Jaguar I-Pace eTrophy Formula E_section_24

Main article: Jaguar I-Pace eTrophy Formula E_sentence_118

Formula E and Jaguar ran a production-based support series with Jaguar I-Pace battery electric SUVs. Formula E_sentence_119

The series was called the I-Pace eTrophy and ran together with Formula E's fifth and sixth seasons (December 2018 to summer 2020). Formula E_sentence_120

In May 2020, Jaguar announced the cancellation of the series. Formula E_sentence_121

Media Formula E_section_25

Television Formula E_section_26

Main article: List of Formula E broadcasters Formula E_sentence_122

Formula E provides comprehensive live television coverage shown via major broadcasters around the globe (FOX Sports, BBC, CCTV-5, Eurosport, Canal+, J Sports, Ziggo Sport Totaal). Formula E_sentence_123

Production is carried out by Aurora Media Worldwide. Formula E_sentence_124

Since the first season, the world feed is presented by Jack Nicholls and Dario Franchitti, with Nicki Shields acting as pit lane reporter. Formula E_sentence_125

Documentary Formula E_section_27

Directors Fisher Stevens and Malcolm Venville created a documentary movie about the 2017–18 season called And We Go Green. Formula E_sentence_126

It highlights some of the innovations and challenges of Formula E and follows several drivers and rivalries throughout the season. Formula E_sentence_127

The film was co-produced by Leonardo di Caprio and premiered at the 2019 Toronto International Film Festival. Formula E_sentence_128

See also Formula E_section_28

Formula E_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: E.