Francesco Griffo

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Francesco Griffo (1450–1518), also called Francesco da Bologna, was a fifteenth-century Italian punchcutter. Francesco Griffo_sentence_0

He worked for Aldus Manutius, designing the printer's more important humanist typefaces, including the first italic type. Francesco Griffo_sentence_1

He cut Roman, Greek, Hebrew and first italic type. Francesco Griffo_sentence_2

Aldus gives Griffo credit in the introduction of the Virgil of 1501. Francesco Griffo_sentence_3

However, as Manutius had achieved a monopoly on italic printing and Greek publishing with the permission of the Venetian government, he had a falling-out with Griffo. Francesco Griffo_sentence_4

Griffo then went to work for Gershom Soncino, whose family were Hebrew printers. Francesco Griffo_sentence_5

It was with Soncino that Griffo's second italic type was cut in 1503. Francesco Griffo_sentence_6

In 1516 he returned to Bologna where he began print publishing. Francesco Griffo_sentence_7

In 1518 Griffo was charged with the murder of his son-in-law, who had been beaten to death with an iron bar. Francesco Griffo_sentence_8

This is his last appearance in the historical record. Francesco Griffo_sentence_9

He is presumed to have been executed. Francesco Griffo_sentence_10

Influence Francesco Griffo_section_0

Griffo's typefaces have been very influential. Francesco Griffo_sentence_11

His Romans show a degree of abstraction from calligraphy not present in the work of the earlier master Nicolas Jenson, while his italic and Greek types are notably cursive. Francesco Griffo_sentence_12

Philip B. Meggs wrote in A History of Graphic Design, "Griffo researched pre-Caroline scripts to produce a roman type that was less artistic but more authentic than Jenson's designs". Francesco Griffo_sentence_13

The italic type was designed to look like handwriting of the humanist scholars. Francesco Griffo_sentence_14

This more personal form of type became widely popular in Europe. Francesco Griffo_sentence_15

Typefaces based on his work include Monotype Poliphilus roman, Bembo Book roman, Bembo Titling, Morris Fuller Benton's Cloister Old Style italic, Jack Yan's JY Aetna roman, Bitstream Aldine 401 roman, and Franko Luin's Griffo Classico roman and italic; more distant descendants include the romans of Claude Garamond, Giovanni Mardersteig's Dante, Robert Slimbach's Minion and Matthew Carter's Yale Typeface. Francesco Griffo_sentence_16

Publications Francesco Griffo_section_1

The publications of Francesco Griffo's at Bologna as cited by Francesco Griffo da Bologna: Fragments & glimpses: a compendium of information & opinions about his life and work. Francesco Griffo_sentence_17

Francesco Griffo_unordered_list_0

  • Canzoniere et triomphi di messer Francesco Petrarcha, 20 September 1516.Francesco Griffo_item_0_0
  • Archadia del Sannazaro, 3 October 1516.Francesco Griffo_item_0_1
  • Gli Asolani di Messer Pietro Bembo, 30 October 1516.Francesco Griffo_item_0_2
  • Labirinto d amore de Messer Giovanni Bocaccio nomato il Corbaccio, 9 December 1516.Francesco Griffo_item_0_3
  • M. Tull. Ciceronis Epistolae familiares accuratius recognitae, 20 December 1516.Francesco Griffo_item_0_4
  • Volerii Maximi dictorum et factorum memorabilium libri nouem, 24 January 1517.Francesco Griffo_item_0_5

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Griffo.