Fugazi

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For other uses, see Fugazi (disambiguation). Fugazi_sentence_0

Fugazi_table_infobox_0

FugaziFugazi_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationFugazi_header_cell_0_1_0
OriginFugazi_header_cell_0_2_0 Washington, D.C., U.S.Fugazi_cell_0_2_1
GenresFugazi_header_cell_0_3_0 Fugazi_cell_0_3_1
Years activeFugazi_header_cell_0_4_0 1986–2003 (on hiatus)Fugazi_cell_0_4_1
LabelsFugazi_header_cell_0_5_0 Fugazi_cell_0_5_1
Associated actsFugazi_header_cell_0_6_0 Fugazi_cell_0_6_1
WebsiteFugazi_header_cell_0_7_0 Fugazi_cell_0_7_1
MembersFugazi_header_cell_0_9_0 Fugazi_cell_0_9_1
Past membersFugazi_header_cell_0_11_0 Colin SearsFugazi_cell_0_11_1

Fugazi (/fuˈɡɑːzi/; foo-GAH-zee) is an American rock band that formed in Washington, D.C. in 1986. Fugazi_sentence_1

The band consists of guitarists and vocalists Ian MacKaye and Guy Picciotto, bassist Joe Lally, and drummer Brendan Canty. Fugazi_sentence_2

It is noted for its style-transcending music, DIY ethical stance, manner of business practice, and contempt for the music industry. Fugazi_sentence_3

Fugazi has performed numerous worldwide tours and produced six studio albums, a film and a comprehensive live series, gaining the band critical acclaim and success around the world. Fugazi_sentence_4

Fugazi has been on an indefinite hiatus since 2003. Fugazi_sentence_5

History Fugazi_section_0

Formation and early years (1986–1989) Fugazi_section_1

After the hardcore punk group Minor Threat dissolved, MacKaye (vocals and guitar) was active with a few short-lived groups, most notably Embrace. Fugazi_sentence_6

He decided he wanted a project that was "like The Stooges with reggae", but was wary about forming another band after Embrace's breakup. Fugazi_sentence_7

MacKaye recalled, "My interests were not necessarily to be in a band, but to be with people who wanted to play music with me." Fugazi_sentence_8

MacKaye recruited ex-Dag Nasty drummer Colin Sears and bass guitarist Lally, and the trio began practicing together in September 1986. Fugazi_sentence_9

After a few months of rehearsals, Sears returned to Dag Nasty and was replaced by Canty (earlier of Rites of Spring). Fugazi_sentence_10

One day, Picciotto, Canty's Rites of Spring bandmate, dropped by during a practice session to see how his friend was getting along; he later admitted he secretly harbored the idea of joining the group. Fugazi_sentence_11

But Picciotto was disappointed that there seemed to be no place for him. Fugazi_sentence_12

After some uncertainty from Canty about what he wanted to do with his future, the trio regrouped and booked their first show at the Wilson Center in early September 1987. Fugazi_sentence_13

The group still needed a name, so MacKaye chose the word "fugazi" from Mark Baker's Nam, a compilation of stories of Vietnam War veterans, it there being a slang acronym for "Fucked Up, Got Ambushed, Zipped In [into a body bag]". Fugazi_sentence_14

The band began inviting Picciotto to practices. Fugazi_sentence_15

Inspired by use of a foil in hip hop, Picciotto sang backup vocals. Fugazi_sentence_16

After his band Happy Go Licky broke up, he became more involved with Fugazi. Fugazi_sentence_17

MacKaye eventually asked Picciotto to become a full member, and he accepted. Fugazi_sentence_18

Fugazi EP & Margin Walker – 13 Songs (1988–1989) Fugazi_section_2

Fugazi embarked on its first tour in January 1988. Fugazi_sentence_19

In June 1988 the band recorded its debut EP Fugazi with producer Ted Niceley and producer/engineer Don Zientara (who became a longtime collaborator), and shortly afterward embarked on an arduous tour of Europe. Fugazi_sentence_20

At the tour's conclusion in December, the band recorded songs for its intended debut album. Fugazi_sentence_21

But the band was spent from touring and found the resulting sessions were unsatisfactory. Fugazi_sentence_22

The track list was cut down to an EP and released as Margin Walker the next year. Fugazi_sentence_23

Both EPs were eventually combined into the 13 Songs release in late 1989. Fugazi_sentence_24

Upon the band's return from Europe, Picciotto, unsatisfied with singing, began playing guitar too. Fugazi_sentence_25

Repeater and Steady Diet of Nothing (1990–1992) Fugazi_section_3

With Picciotto playing guitar full-time, Fugazi made the transition into jamming and writing new material as a band as opposed to performing songs composed solely by MacKaye. Fugazi_sentence_26

In addition to working on new material, songs they had been performing live were refined, such as "Merchandise" and "Turnover", for inclusion on their first official full-length studio album. Fugazi_sentence_27

Released on April 19, 1990, through Dischord Records, Repeater did not initially reach the Billboard 200 charts or become a commercial success. Fugazi_sentence_28

But the band spent most of 1990 and 1991 touring heavily behind Repeater, performing 250 concerts between March 1990 and June 1991, routinely selling out 1,000-plus capacity venues throughout the world. Fugazi_sentence_29

By summer 1991, the album sold more than 300,000 copies, a large number for a label that relied on minimal promotion. Fugazi_sentence_30

Major labels began to court Fugazi, but the band stayed with Dischord. Fugazi_sentence_31

It was critically well received and featured an alternative rock sound that predated significant releases such as Nirvana's Nevermind and Pearl Jam's Ten, which unexpectedly broke the genre into the mainstream. Fugazi_sentence_32

For Fugazi's second studio album, Steady Diet of Nothing, released in July 1991, the band again asked Ted Niceley to produce. Fugazi_sentence_33

Niceley had become a chef and had to reluctantly turn down the job, so the band decided to produce the record itself. Fugazi_sentence_34

After the success of Repeater and its subsequent world tour, Steady Diet was highly anticipated. Fugazi_sentence_35

Six months before its release Dischord had more than 160,000 pre-orders for the album. Fugazi_sentence_36

In On the Kill Taker and Red Medicine (1993–1996) Fugazi_section_4

Fugazi recorded its third album, In on the Kill Taker, in the fall of 1992 with Steve Albini in Chicago, but the results were deemed unsatisfactory and the band rerecorded the album with Niceley and Don Zientara. Fugazi_sentence_37

With the breakthrough of alternative rock in the early 1990s, In on the Kill Taker; released on June 30, 1993, became the group's first record to enter the Billboard album charts, receiving critical praise from Spin, TIME magazine and Rolling Stone, and becoming the band's breakthrough album. Fugazi_sentence_38

By the In on the Kill Taker tour, the group began to sell out large auditoriums and arenas and receive more lucrative major label offers. Fugazi_sentence_39

During its sold-out 3-night stint at New York City's Roseland Ballroom in September 1993, music mogul and Atlantic Records president Ahmet Ertegun met with the band backstage in an attempt to sign them. Fugazi_sentence_40

Ertegun offered the band "anything you want", their own subsidiary label and more than $10 million just to sign with Atlantic. Fugazi_sentence_41

Fugazi declined. Fugazi_sentence_42

The organizers of Lollapalooza also attempted to recruit the band for a headlining slot on its 1993 tour, which the band considered but ultimately turned down. Fugazi_sentence_43

Fugazi began writing the material for Red Medicine in late 1994, after touring in support of In on the Kill Taker. Fugazi_sentence_44

The band worked with Zientara but chose not to work with Niceley again. Fugazi_sentence_45

Fugazi opted to retreat from the in-your-face production values of In on the Kill Taker and instead worked to create an ambient sound that displayed greater range and depth. Fugazi_sentence_46

To achieve this, the band handled production duties itself, and in doing so, became more confident with in-studio experimentation. Fugazi_sentence_47

Red Medicine took Fugazi a step further toward art rock. Fugazi_sentence_48

The band began an extensive worldwide tour in support of the album, playing 172 shows between March 1995 and November 1996. Fugazi_sentence_49

End Hits and The Argument (1997–2002) Fugazi_section_5

After the grueling worldwide tour the band completed in support of Red Medicine, Fugazi took an extended break and also began writing material for a follow-up release. Fugazi_sentence_50

By March 1997 Fugazi had once again returned to Inner Ear Studios with Zientara to begin recording what became End Hits, with the intention of taking a more relaxed approach to recording and a longer amount of time to experiment with different songs and techniques in the studio. Fugazi_sentence_51

The group ultimately spent 7 months recording the album. Fugazi_sentence_52

Due to the title, rumors began circulating at the time that it was to be their last release. Fugazi_sentence_53

Released on April 28, 1998, the album was commercially successful and marked one of the band's highest debuts yet on the Billboard charts. Fugazi_sentence_54

Critical reaction to End Hits was mixed. Fugazi_sentence_55

Many critics praised its heavier tracks, while others questioned the inclusion of the group's longer, more experimental songs. Fugazi_sentence_56

Fugazi began work on The Argument in 1999. Fugazi_sentence_57

This process saw the group taking more time than usual to write and demo material. Fugazi_sentence_58

Each member brought his own riffs and ideas to the band, jammed on them, and then began piecing the songs together into various configurations before deciding on the final versions. Fugazi_sentence_59

The album's recording sessions took place between January and April 2001 at Inner Ear Studios and Dischord House in Arlington, Virginia. Fugazi_sentence_60

The band once again worked with Zientara. Fugazi_sentence_61

During the recording process a considerable amount of time was spent finalizing each song's production, in particular the album's drum tracks, in an effort to give it a unique feel. Fugazi_sentence_62

Canty told Modern Drummer, "We recorded them all very differently in terms of the drum sounds. Fugazi_sentence_63

We used a lot of different cymbals, snares, and ways of miking." Fugazi_sentence_64

The Argument was released by Dischord Records on October 16, 2001, along with the EP Furniture + 2, almost 4 years after the release of End Hits. Fugazi_sentence_65

Arion Berger of Rolling Stone called the album "bracing" and "intellectual" and Chris True of AllMusic "spine-tingling and ear-shattering all at once", writing, "the band has raised the bar for themselves and others once again." Fugazi_sentence_66

He also wrote that the album had "touched on strange new territory." Fugazi_sentence_67

By this point Fugazi was on tour less, due in large part to other professional and personal commitments. Fugazi_sentence_68

It performed only 32 shows in 2001 and 2002. Fugazi_sentence_69

Indefinite hiatus and reunion rumours (2003–present) Fugazi_section_6

Fugazi went on what it has called an "indefinite hiatus" after the conclusion of its 2002 UK tour following three sold-out nights at the London Forum on November 2–4, 2002. Fugazi_sentence_70

The hiatus was brought on by the band members' insistence on spending more time with their families and pursuing other professional projects. Fugazi_sentence_71

Since Fugazi went on hiatus in 2003, rumors began circulating about a reunion, with some insinuating that the band may get back together to headline the Coachella Festival. Fugazi_sentence_72

While the band has confirmed that it has been offered large sums of money to reunite and headline festivals, such as Coachella, it has so far declined the offers. Fugazi_sentence_73

In March 2011, MacKaye reiterated that Fugazi has "been offered insane amounts of money to play reunions, but it's not going to be money that brings us back together, we would only play music together if we wanted to play music together and time allowed it". Fugazi_sentence_74

In November 2011, when asked by The A.V. Fugazi_sentence_75 Club about the possibility of a reunion and a follow up to 2001's The Argument, Lally said, "The Argument was a great record that we should try and top. Fugazi_sentence_76

It'll take some time to come together and everything. Fugazi_sentence_77

To do that, we'd have to, the way the four of us are, we would take quite some time, I think, reassociating ourselves musically, and then just letting it come about naturally, because it would have to be a natural thing. Fugazi_sentence_78

So we'll just see." Fugazi_sentence_79

In August 2014, Dischord announced an official release for First Demo, an album featuring 11 demo songs recorded in January 1988. Fugazi_sentence_80

The announcement included a preview of the demo for the Fugazi track "Merchandise." Fugazi_sentence_81

The album was released on November 18, 2014. Fugazi_sentence_82

MacKaye insisted in a 2017 interview that Fugazi is not, in fact, broken up. Fugazi_sentence_83

While he admits any future public performance will have to contend with various confounding factors, the members have occasionally played music together, privately, since their 2003 hiatus. Fugazi_sentence_84

On March 21, 2018, in an interview on Vish Khanna's Kreative Kontrol podcast, Lally confirmed the band's irregular practice of casual get-togethers. Fugazi_sentence_85

He stated: “Yeah, when we’re all in D.C., we totally hang out together and talk and spend a lot of time laughing. Fugazi_sentence_86

We have a great time together, go out to dinner, and we'll play some music together.” Lally also stated that additional public performances or tours were unlikely: "There's so much to try to look after to allow Fugazi to do anything, that we do not have the time to give it the respect that it deserves. Fugazi_sentence_87

So unfortunately, it is where it is.” Fugazi_sentence_88

On February 13, 2019, Louder Sound asked Lally and Canty about the possibility of Fugazi returning, Lally responded “You never want to say never about anything, because how can you say that about the future? Fugazi_sentence_89

But there does seem to be a lack of time to allow it to happen, because the four of us would have to spend a lot of time together to figure out, 'Should we play old songs?' Fugazi_sentence_90

'Who are we now?' Fugazi_sentence_91

'What is it now?' Fugazi_sentence_92

We are not the kind of band to get together and just rehearse two hours of old songs to go out and play it, rake in the dough and come home.” Canty added, "If we got back together it would have to be from the spirit of creativity. Fugazi_sentence_93

It would be different if we got back together.” Fugazi_sentence_94

Side projects and related work Fugazi_section_7

In the hiatus, the members undertook side projects, with MacKaye forming the duo The Evens with drummer and singer Amy Farina (formerly of the Warmers). Fugazi_sentence_95

In 2004, MacKaye produced the DC EP for Red Hot Chili Peppers guitarist John Frusciante, which also featured Jerry Busher. Fugazi_sentence_96

Canty has been doing a variety of soundtrack scores and playing bass in the trio Garland Of Hours alongside frequent Fugazi guest contributors Jerry Busher and Amy Domingues, and has played bass live with Mary Timony. Fugazi_sentence_97

Canty also appears on Bob Mould's 2005 album Body of Song and on Mould's 2008 album District Line, and has toured with Mould, appearing in the live DVD Circle of Friends. Fugazi_sentence_98

He is currently working in the Burn to Shine DVD series which is being released by Trixie DVD. Fugazi_sentence_99

Now, he is playing in Deathfix alongside Devin Ocampo (Medications, Faraquet, Smart Went Crazy, Beauty Pill), Rich Morel (Bob Mould, Blow Off) and Mark Cisneros (Medications, The Make-Up). Fugazi_sentence_100

They will release their album in February 2013 on Dischord Records. Fugazi_sentence_101

Lally has released three solo albums, There to Here (2006), Nothing Is Underrated (2007), and Why Should I Get Used To It (2011). Fugazi_sentence_102

He has also appeared on fellow DC post-punkers Decahedron's debut album Disconnection_Imminent, as well as on a project with Red Hot Chili Peppers guitarists John Frusciante and Josh Klinghoffer, known as Ataxia. Fugazi_sentence_103

The group has recorded two albums, Automatic Writing (2004) and AW II (2007). Fugazi_sentence_104

Picciotto currently works as a record producer most notably with Blonde Redhead and The Blood Brothers, and he has performed alongside members of The Ex at the Jazz festival in Wels, Austria. Fugazi_sentence_105

Picciotto also contributed guitar on two Vic Chesnutt albums, 2007's "North Star Deserter and 2009's At the Cut (co-producing the latter), for Constellation Records and performed live with Chesnutt and members of Thee Silver Mount Zion Memorial Orchestra and The Quavers in Jem Cohen's program entitled, "Evening's Civil Twilight in Empires of Tin at the Vienna International Film Festival (Viennale) in 2007 (a DVD of the program was released in 2009). Fugazi_sentence_106

Picciotto played guitar on Chesnutt's Fall/Winter 2009 North American Tour. Fugazi_sentence_107

He has a daughter with musician Kathi Wilcox from the band Bikini Kill and The Frumpies. Fugazi_sentence_108

In July 2011, Minneapolis based record label Doomtree released an album of mash-ups between Fugazi and east coast veteran rap crew the Wu-Tang Clan. Fugazi_sentence_109

The album is titled 13 Chambers, group name Wugazi. Fugazi_sentence_110

However, Fugazi itself did not have any involvement with the release. Fugazi_sentence_111

Bassist Joe Lally was asked about his thoughts on the Wugazi release, and stated "I think they could've found better Fugazi pieces to sample with Wu-Tang guys rapping on it. Fugazi_sentence_112

I mean, it's enjoyable, and I do appreciate it for the fact that somebody enjoys our music enough to bring it into that. Fugazi_sentence_113

But, you know, I don't know. Fugazi_sentence_114

I guess I should shut up, because I suppose I'm about to run into these people at the Fun Fun Fun Fest festival and talk to them. Fugazi_sentence_115

But I'm afraid that is my opinion on it. Fugazi_sentence_116

It's like, get better samples of our stuff, do better work." Fugazi_sentence_117

In October 2012, Chris Lawhorn released Fugazi Edits. Fugazi_sentence_118

The album includes 22 instrumental tracks, which sample 100 songs from Fugazi's discography. Fugazi_sentence_119

As in other cases, the band had no involvement in the production. Fugazi_sentence_120

But, the album was authorized for release by MacKaye, with the proceeds going to charity. Fugazi_sentence_121

In 2016, Canty and Lally joined with guitarist Anthony Pirog to form the Messthetics, Canty and Lally's first project together since Fugazi's hiatus. Fugazi_sentence_122

In March 2018, the Messthetics released their self-titled debut album and embarked upon a tour of the US and Japan. Fugazi_sentence_123

The band toured further and released a second album entitled Anthropocosmic Nest in 2019. Fugazi_sentence_124

In 2018, Ian MacKaye, Amy Farina and Joe Lally debuted a new band. Fugazi_sentence_125

In February 2020, it was announced that the band, now called Coriky, would release their first album on March 27, 2020. Fugazi_sentence_126

The debut single, "Clean Kill", was released on February 11, 2020. Fugazi_sentence_127

The band previewed their album at a free show in D.C.'s St. Stephen and the Incarnation Episcopal Church on February 22, 2020. Fugazi_sentence_128

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the release of Coriky was delayed to June 12, 2020, in part to accommodate independent record stores closed due to the pandemic. Fugazi_sentence_129

Upon release the record was favorable reviewed in a few publications. Fugazi_sentence_130

Often drawing comparisons and contrasts with Ian and Amy's other band The Evens, as well as fugazi. Fugazi_sentence_131

Live performances Fugazi_section_8

Main article: Fugazi Live Series Fugazi_sentence_132

Between 1987 and 2003, Fugazi played over 1000 concerts in all 50 US states and all over the world. Fugazi_sentence_133

Over 800 of these shows were recorded by the band's sound engineers. Fugazi_sentence_134

Beginning in 2004 and continuing into 2005, Fugazi launched a 30 CD Live Series that featured concerts from various points in their career, which were made available for sale via Dischord Records. Fugazi_sentence_135

Continuing with the live series concept and after several years of development on December 1, 2011 Fugazi launched a comprehensive Live Series website through Dischord Records that features 750 recordings available for download at the suggested price of $5 each or a "pay what you want" sliding scale option for each download between $1–100 with the goal of eventually making all 800 of the shows that have been recorded available for purchase. Fugazi_sentence_136

For $500 fans can also purchase an "All Access" privilege which will include access to any future concerts and downloads added to the site. Fugazi_sentence_137

While each concert was professionally mastered, the recordings capture everything that happened onstage and for preservation's sake the band chose not to edit anything out, singer/guitarist Guy Picciotto explained to the New York Times, "We liked this idea of, 'Let's just let it be everything,' ... Fugazi_sentence_138

There doesn't have to be the idea that this is the great, golden document. Fugazi_sentence_139

It's all there, and it's not cleaned up. Fugazi_sentence_140

You get what you get." Fugazi_sentence_141

The sound quality also varies as the earliest recordings were made to cassettes, then eventually digital formats such as DAT, CD-R and ultimately hard-drives were used. Fugazi_sentence_142

Each concert page also includes flyers, photographs and ticket stubs. Fugazi_sentence_143

As a career-spanning archival project, the Fugazi Live Series has few equals, putting the band in the company of acts like the Grateful Dead, Phish and Pearl Jam, three notable examples of other artists with such a large volume of concerts available for purchase. Fugazi_sentence_144

Musical style Fugazi_section_9

Fugazi's style has been described as post-hardcore, art punk, alternative rock, and experimental rock. Fugazi_sentence_145

Fugazi's music was an intentional departure from that of the hardcore punk bands the members had played in previously. Fugazi_sentence_146

Fugazi combined punk with funk and reggae beats, irregular stop-start song structures, and heavy riffs inspired by popular rock bands such as Led Zeppelin and Queen, bands that the punk community of the time largely disdained. Fugazi_sentence_147

Picciotto became the group's second guitarist when he realized MacKaye's typically chunky, low-end riffs and Lally's dub-influenced basslines allowed him to focus on high-pitched parts. Fugazi_sentence_148

In both vocal and guitar roles, Picciotto assumed the role of a foil to MacKaye; employing a Rickenbacker guitar for its scratchy single-coil sound in order to "cut through MacKaye's chunky chording like a laser beam." Fugazi_sentence_149

Picciotto's assumption of guitar duties allowed all four members of the band to jam together and write songs that way, where previously they had played songs largely as MacKaye had arranged them. Fugazi_sentence_150

When writing songs, the band often rearranges them with different structures and different singers. Fugazi_sentence_151

Spin Magazine has listed MacKaye and Picciotto together at No. Fugazi_sentence_152

86 on their list of The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time for their unique and interlocking guitar style in Fugazi. Fugazi_sentence_153

Generally, MacKaye's lyrics and singing are more direct and anthemic (MacKaye admits that he loves audience sing-alongs and writes songs with shout-able slogans), while Picciotto usually favors a more abstract, oblique approach. Fugazi_sentence_154

Lally has contributed vocals to a few songs as well, in which he sings in a more relaxed, quiet style as opposed to MacKaye and Picciotto, whose lyrics and vocals often feature strong emotional intensity. Fugazi_sentence_155

Later, Fugazi more fully integrated elements of punk rock, hardcore, soul and noise with an inventively syncopated rhythm section. Fugazi_sentence_156

Notable is MacKaye and Picciotto's inventive, interlocking guitar playing, which often defies the traditional notion of "lead" and "rhythm" guitars. Fugazi_sentence_157

They often feature unusual and dissonant chords and progressions filtered through a hardcore punk lens. Fugazi_sentence_158

Each of Fugazi's albums since Repeater have featured an instrumental. Fugazi_sentence_159

By the time of 1995's Red Medicine bassist Joe Lally also began contributing vocals to the band and the group was implementing many of their broader influences into the overall sound. Fugazi_sentence_160

Critics Ian McCaleb and Ira Robbins declared that Fugazi's music combined an "unprecedented dynamic range ... and previously unimagined elements" such as "clattering musique concrète ... piano and sound effects ... murky dub and lancing clarinet" and "loose-limbed jammy funk ... into an ambitious, experimental format that raises more stylistic questions than it answers." Fugazi_sentence_161

Influences Fugazi_section_10

When questioned by Guitar World in 2002 about the band's influences, singer/guitarist Ian MacKaye responded, "Too many to mention. Fugazi_sentence_162

And not just from the last few years. Fugazi_sentence_163

Some of them predate us by decades, and most of them wouldn't be punk. Fugazi_sentence_164

I would hope any musician would be inspired by a lot of different kinds of music." Fugazi_sentence_165

In a 2004 interview with Indonesian magazine Deathrockstar, Picciotto named "D.C. groups" such as Bad Brains (" [...] who inspired all of us so much at the beginning [...]"), The Faith and Void as influences, in addition to Minutemen, Black Flag, Sonic Youth, The Ex and The Beatles, the latter of which all the members "share[d] a major love for". Fugazi_sentence_166

Despite this, he similarly conceded that "[i]ts [sic] impossible to narrow it down to one band or record because we didn’t just crib from one blueprint, we were grabbing ideas from all over the place and then filtering them through our own limited and personally shaped skills." Fugazi_sentence_167

Business practices Fugazi_section_11

On their first tours, Fugazi worked out its DIY ethic by trial and error. Fugazi_sentence_168

The group's decisions were partly motivated by pragmatic considerations that were essentially a punk rock version of simple living: for example, selling merchandise on tour would require a full-time merchandise salesperson who would require lodging, food, and other costs, so Fugazi decided to simplify their touring by not selling merchandise. Fugazi_sentence_169

The band was also motivated by moral or ethical considerations: for example, Fugazi's members regarded pricey admission for rock concerts as tantamount to price gouging a performer's most loyal fans. Fugazi_sentence_170

Fugazi's inexpensive target goal of $5 admission was spawned during a conversation on an early tour when the band's members were debating the lowest profitable admission price. Fugazi_sentence_171

Everett True has said that MacKaye and Fugazi "had a mind-set that believed that any involvement with the system was corrupting and that you should create completely alternative structures outside". Fugazi_sentence_172

In later years and at many venues, particularly on the east and west coasts of the U.S., Fugazi was unable to get ticket prices below about $10–$15 total. Fugazi_sentence_173

However, it never saw the $5 rule as inviolable, instead aiming to charge a price that was both affordable and profitable. Fugazi_sentence_174

Unlike some similar, independent rock contemporaries, Fugazi's performances and tours were always profitable, due to the group's popularity, low business overhead costs, and MacKaye's keen sense of audience response in given regions. Fugazi_sentence_175

Many times the band performed sold-out shows multiple consecutive nights at the same venue. Fugazi_sentence_176

Fugazi's early tours earned it a strong word-of-mouth reputation, both for its powerful performances, and also for the band's eagerness to play in unusual venues. Fugazi_sentence_177

The group sought out alternatives to traditional rock clubs partly to relieve the boredom of touring, but also hoping to show fans that there are other options to traditional ways of doing things. Fugazi_sentence_178

As Picciotto said, "You find the Elks Lodge, you find the guy who's got a space in the back of his pizzeria, you find the guy who has a gallery. Fugazi_sentence_179

Kids will do that stuff because they want to make stuff happen." Fugazi_sentence_180

The group (MacKaye in particular) also made a point of discouraging violent, unwanted slam dancing and fistfights, which it saw as relics of the late 1970s/early 1980s hardcore punk era. Fugazi_sentence_181

Michael Azerrad quotes Mackaye, "See, [slam dancers] have one form of communication: violence ... Fugazi_sentence_182

So to disorient them, you don't give them violence. Fugazi_sentence_183

I'd say, 'Excuse me, sir...'- I mean, it freaks them out – 'Excuse me, sir, would you please cut that crap out?'" Fugazi_sentence_184

Azerrad writes, "[MacKaye's] admonitions seemed preachy to some. Fugazi_sentence_185

And by and large, people would obey – it wasn't cool to disrespect Ian MacKaye." Fugazi_sentence_186

Occasionally, Fugazi would have an unrepentant slam-dancer escorted from the concert, and give them an envelope containing a $5 refund (the group kept a stock of such envelopes in their tour van for these occasions). Fugazi_sentence_187

During the summer of 1990 MacKaye formed the corporation Lunar Atrocities Ltd. in order to shield his own and his bandmates' personal assets from the threat of lawsuits. Fugazi_sentence_188

As MacKaye's financial advisor, Seth Martin, explained to the Washington Post in a 1993 interview: "protection from liability is the main reason to form a corporation, and for these guys it makes sense. Fugazi_sentence_189

If someone got hurt stage-diving and decided to sue, it would be harder to go after their personal assets." Fugazi_sentence_190

Influence and legacy Fugazi_section_12

Fugazi's music and ethics have been immensely influential on punk and alternative music throughout the years, and has earned the band praise from many notable musicians as well. Fugazi_sentence_191

Sublime "thanked" the band by namedropping them on their debut album. Fugazi_sentence_192

At the Drive-In called the band an influence on their own music, as did other notable post-hardcore bands such as Refused, Quicksand, Drive Like Jehu, Mclusky, and Cursive. Fugazi_sentence_193

John Frusciante named them an influence on Red Hot Chili Peppers' Californication and on his solo album The Will to Death. Fugazi_sentence_194

Nirvana cited the band as an influence, and Kurt Cobain - who was friends with the members of Fugazi - was even spotted in a popular photo of the band with the word "Fugazi" misspelt on both shoes. Fugazi_sentence_195

Eddie Vedder of Pearl Jam remarked that witnessing the band live "was a life-changing experience" for him. Fugazi_sentence_196

Reportedly a huge fan, Elliott Smith was "super-obsessed" with the band and later admitted that his former band Heatmiser was "trying to be Fugazi". Fugazi_sentence_197

The Smiths guitarist Johnny Marr offered the band praise, and called MacKaye one of his favorite guitarists. Fugazi_sentence_198

Towards the end of his life, Joe Strummer, lead vocalist of The Clash, recognized Fugazi as the band that best exemplified "the spirit of punk" in a 2000 Rolling Stone interview, besides offering them accolades on several other occasions. Fugazi_sentence_199

In 1993, Joey Ramone of The Ramones picked the band as a favorite, labeling them a "great social conscience". Fugazi_sentence_200

Graham Coxon of Blur recalls his introduction to bands such as Fugazi (and the Picciotto-led Rites of Spring) in the mid 90s as being one of the most musically significant moments of his life: "They used the guitar in an incredible way; making quite restrained noisy music, which I’d never heard English bands doing." Fugazi_sentence_201

Jim Adkins of Jimmy Eat World named both MacKaye & Picciotto as an influence on his guitar playing as they made him "more open to the ideas behind guitar playing, as opposed to the technical difficulty of it.". Fugazi_sentence_202

Daniel Kessler of Interpol was also influenced by the band in his guitar-playing, as was Ben Weinman of The Dillinger Escape Plan and Colin Frangicetto of Circa Survive. Fugazi_sentence_203

Tim Commerford of Rage Against the Machine found the band's music on Repeater revelatory, as did Steve Holmes of American Football. Fugazi_sentence_204

Tom DeLonge of Blink-182 called the band a big influence as they “stood for something and never varied from that path.” “Fugazi was probably my biggest influence as far as wanting to start a band,” Modest Mouse founding member Jeremiah Green admitted, "It was really great music and just sounded like something I could possibly do." Fugazi_sentence_205

Gareth Liddiard, lead vocalist & guitarist of both The Drones and Tropical Fuck Storm, named Fugazi (amongst many others) as an influence on his guitar-playing, and praised the band's live performances. Fugazi_sentence_206

When asked to name some of his favorite records or discographies, Brain Cook of Botch (and later Russian Circles) included the band's entire discography amongst others. Fugazi_sentence_207

Gogol Bordello's Eugene Hutz called the band's debut EP "probably the best I ever heard. Fugazi_sentence_208

It's so together and everything sits in the right place." Fugazi_sentence_209

Jeff Rosenstock not only called the band a big influence on his music, but also on his strict DIY business practices & ethics. Fugazi_sentence_210

Sunny Day Real Estate cited the band as an influence for similar reasons. Fugazi_sentence_211

In addition, the band was a formative influence on Tool bassist Justin Chancellor, Jack White, Daniel Johns of Silverchair, Carrie Brownstein of Sleater-Kinney, Iceage, ...And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead, Dylan Baldi of Cloud Nothings, Arcade Fire lead singer Win Butler, Travis Morrison of The Dismemberment Plan, Efrim Menuck of Godspeed You! Fugazi_sentence_212 Black Emperor, Alison Mosshart of The Kills, Brand New guitarist Jesse Lacey, Converge lead vocalist Jacob Bannon, Coalesce, Tad Kubler of The Hold Steady, Ben Lee, Patterson Hood of Drive-By Truckers, Explosions in the Sky, Kele Okereke of Bloc Party, Trevor de Brauw of Pelican, Ted Leo, Matt Healy of The 1975, Mary Timony, Hayley Williams of Paramore, Justin Vernon of Bon Iver, and Lorde. Fugazi_sentence_213

Members Fugazi_section_13

Current Fugazi_sentence_214

Fugazi_unordered_list_0

Former Fugazi_sentence_215

Fugazi_unordered_list_1

Touring musicians Fugazi_sentence_216

Fugazi_unordered_list_2

Timeline Fugazi_section_14

Discography Fugazi_section_15

Main article: Fugazi discography Fugazi_sentence_217

Studio albums Fugazi_section_16

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fugazi.