Music director

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A music(al) director or director of music is the person responsible for the musical aspects of a performance, production, or organization. Music director_sentence_0

This would include the artistic director and usually chief conductor of an orchestra or concert band, the director of music of a film, the director of music at a radio station, the person in charge of musical activities or the head of the music department in a school, the coordinator of the musical ensembles in a university, college, or institution (but not usually the head of the academic music department), the head bandmaster of a military band, the head organist and choirmaster of a church, or an organist and master of the choristers (the title given to a director of music at a cathedral, particularly in England). Music director_sentence_1

Orchestra Music director_section_0

The title of "music director" or "musical director" is used by many symphony orchestras to designate the primary conductor and artistic leader of the orchestra. Music director_sentence_2

The term "music director" is most common for orchestras in the United States. Music director_sentence_3

With European orchestras, the titles of "principal conductor" or "chief conductor" are more common, which designate the conductor who directs the majority of a given orchestra's concerts in a season. Music director_sentence_4

In musical theatre and opera, the music director is in charge of the overall musical performance, including ensuring that the cast knows the music thoroughly, supervising the musical interpretation of the performers and pit orchestra, and conducting the orchestra. Music director_sentence_5

In the 20th century, the title and position typically brought with it an almost unlimited influence over the particular orchestra's affairs. Music director_sentence_6

As implied by the name, the music director not only conducts concerts, but also controls what music the orchestra will perform or record, and has much authority regarding hiring, firing, and other personnel decisions over an orchestra's musicians. Music director_sentence_7

Such authoritarian rule, once expected and even thought necessary for a symphonic ensemble to function properly, has loosened somewhat in the closing decades of the 20th century with the advent and encouragement of more power sharing and cooperative management styles (with the orchestra musicians themselves, the administrative staff, and volunteer board of directors). Music director_sentence_8

The music director in American lingo also assists with fund-raising, and also is the primary focus of publicity for the orchestra, as what is often called its "public face". Music director_sentence_9

The term "music director" or "musical director" became common in the United States in the middle of the 20th century, following an evolution of titles. Music director_sentence_10

Early leaders of orchestras were simply designated as the "conductor." Music director_sentence_11

In the 1920s and 1930s, the term musical director began to be used, in order to delineate the fact that the person in this position was doing much more than just conducting, and to differentiate them from guest conductors who simply led one particular program or concert. Music director_sentence_12

George Szell, for instance, was appointed as "musical director" of the Cleveland Orchestra in 1946, and his position was so named until his death in 1970. Music director_sentence_13

His successor, Lorin Maazel, was given the title "music director." Music director_sentence_14

Other major American orchestras kept more current with the times and began using the simpler term in the 1950s and 1960s. Music director_sentence_15

The term can also refer to the person who directs a school band or heads the music program. Music director_sentence_16

Film and theatre Music director_section_1

Alternatively, the term "music director" used to appear in the film credits for a professional hired to supervise and direct the music selected for a film or music documentary, but today the more common designation is music supervisor. Music director_sentence_17

In India, where many films are produced as musicals, the term 'music director' is commonly used for the composer and music producer of the songs and score used in the film. Music director_sentence_18

Their roles also entail arranging, mastering, mixing and supervising recording of film music with conducting and orchestration. Music director_sentence_19

Usually, another artist will receive the credit for the lyrics of the songs. Music director_sentence_20

Further information: Music of Bollywood § Production. Music director_sentence_21

The "music director" for a theatrical production or Broadway or West End musical often serves as rehearsal pianist and conductor. Music director_sentence_22

This music director is often also the vocal coach, may also be involved in arranging material for new works, or collaborate on underscoring. Music director_sentence_23

There was a Tony Award category for Best Musical Director beginning in 1948, but it was discontinued in 1964 in part due to the fluid responsibilities of musical directors. Music director_sentence_24

Brass bands, wind bands, choirs, opera companies and other ensembles may also have musical directors. Music director_sentence_25

Broadcasting Music director_section_2

A music director of a radio station is responsible for interacting with record company representatives, auditioning new music, offering commentary, and making decisions (sometimes in conjunction with the program director) as to which songs get airplay, how much and when. Music director_sentence_26

In college radio, there may be more than one music director, as students usually volunteer only a few hours each per week, and most stations have a diverse and extensive library of several different music genres. Music director_sentence_27

Military Music director_section_3

In the British Armed Forces, a director of music is a commissioned officer, always a musician commissioned from the ranks, who leads a military band. Music director_sentence_28

A non-commissioned officer or warrant officer who leads a band is called a bandmaster. Music director_sentence_29

Pop music Music director_section_4

In pop music, a musical director or "MD" is responsible for supervising the musical arrangements and personnel for a touring artist. Music director_sentence_30

This can include festivals and televised performances as well as those at traditional on-stage venues. Music director_sentence_31

In the modern era, the sound of a studio recording is often impossible or impractical to reproduce on stage, and it is the music director's job to assemble musicians and arrangements to adapt that material to a live setting (which may or may not include playback of prerecorded tracks). Music director_sentence_32

The music director generally leads rehearsals as well as each performance, allowing the lead artist to focus on performing. Music director_sentence_33

Germany and Austria Music director_section_5

Generalmusikdirektor (GMD, general music director) is a German title for the artistic director of an orchestra, an institution or a town. Music director_sentence_34

A music director (Latin: director musices) was originally the title of the person responsible for music in a town in Germany and Austria. Music director_sentence_35

Johann Sebastian Bach was music director in Leipzig, Georg Philipp Telemann and later Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach were music directors in Hamburg, Robert Schumann was music director in Düsseldorf. Music director_sentence_36

Generalmusikdirektor is a title given by larger towns to a person typically responsible for a symphony orchestra and the opera. Music director_sentence_37

The first person with this title was Gaspare Spontini in Berlin in 1819. Music director_sentence_38

Daniel Barenboim has been Generalmusikdirektor of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden in Berlin since 1992. Music director_sentence_39

See also Music director_section_6

Music director_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: director.