Geneva

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This article is about the city of Geneva. Geneva_sentence_0

For the canton, see canton of Geneva. Geneva_sentence_1

For other uses, see Geneva (disambiguation). Geneva_sentence_2

Geneva_table_infobox_0

GenevaGeneva_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryGeneva_header_cell_0_1_0 SwitzerlandGeneva_cell_0_1_1
CantonGeneva_header_cell_0_2_0 GenevaGeneva_cell_0_2_1
DistrictGeneva_header_cell_0_3_0 N/AGeneva_cell_0_3_1
GovernmentGeneva_header_cell_0_4_0
ExecutiveGeneva_header_cell_0_5_0 Conseil administratif

with 5 membersGeneva_cell_0_5_1

MayorGeneva_header_cell_0_6_0 La Mairie (list)

Sandrine Salerno SPS/PSS (as of June 2019)Geneva_cell_0_6_1

ParliamentGeneva_header_cell_0_7_0 Conseil municipal

with 80 membersGeneva_cell_0_7_1

AreaGeneva_header_cell_0_8_0
TotalGeneva_header_cell_0_9_0 15.92 km (6.15 sq mi)Geneva_cell_0_9_1
Elevation (Pont du Mont Blanc)Geneva_header_cell_0_10_0 375 m (1,230 ft)Geneva_cell_0_10_1
Highest elevation (Chemin du Pommier)Geneva_header_cell_0_11_0 457 m (1,499 ft)Geneva_cell_0_11_1
Lowest elevation (Le Rhône)Geneva_header_cell_0_12_0 370 m (1,210 ft)Geneva_cell_0_12_1
Population (2018-12-31)Geneva_header_cell_0_13_0
TotalGeneva_header_cell_0_14_0 201,818Geneva_cell_0_14_1
DensityGeneva_header_cell_0_15_0 13,000/km (33,000/sq mi)Geneva_cell_0_15_1
Demonym(s)Geneva_header_cell_0_16_0 Genevan or Genevese

French: Genevois(e)Geneva_cell_0_16_1

Time zoneGeneva_header_cell_0_17_0 UTC+01:00 (Central European Time)Geneva_cell_0_17_1
Summer (DST)Geneva_header_cell_0_18_0 UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)Geneva_cell_0_18_1
Postal code(s)Geneva_header_cell_0_19_0 1200, or 1201–09 Genève, 1213 Petit-Lancy, 1227 Les AcaciasGeneva_cell_0_19_1
SFOS numberGeneva_header_cell_0_20_0 6621Geneva_cell_0_20_1
Surrounded byGeneva_header_cell_0_21_0 Carouge, Chêne-Bougeries, Cologny, Lancy, Grand-Saconnex, Pregny-Chambésy, Vernier, VeyrierGeneva_cell_0_21_1
WebsiteGeneva_header_cell_0_22_0 Geneva_cell_0_22_1

Geneva (/dʒɪˈniːvə/ jin-EE-və; French: Genève [ʒənɛv (listen); Francoprovençal: Genèva [dzəˈnɛva (listen); German: Genf [ɡɛnf (listen); Italian: Ginevra [dʒiˈneːvra; Romansh: Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_3

Situated where the Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Republic and Canton of Geneva. Geneva_sentence_4

The municipality (ville de Genève) has a population (as of December 2019) of 203,951, and the canton (essentially the city and its inner-ring suburbs) has 504,128 residents. Geneva_sentence_5

In 2014, the compact agglomération du Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland and France. Geneva_sentence_6

Within Swiss territory, the commuter area named "Métropole lémanique" contains a population of 1.26 million. Geneva_sentence_7

This area is essentially spread east from Geneva towards the Riviera area (Vevey, Montreux) and north-east towards Yverdon-les-Bains, in the neighbouring canton of Vaud. Geneva_sentence_8

Geneva is a global city, a financial centre, and a worldwide centre for diplomacy due to the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many agencies of the United Nations and the Red Cross. Geneva_sentence_9

Geneva hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world. Geneva_sentence_10

It is also where the Geneva Conventions were signed, which chiefly concern the treatment of wartime non-combatants and prisoners of war. Geneva_sentence_11

Together with for instance New York City (global headquarters of the UN), Basel (Bank for International Settlements), and Strasbourg (Council of Europe), Geneva is a city serving as the headquarters of one of the most important international organizations, without being the capital of a country. Geneva_sentence_12

In 2017, Geneva was ranked as the world's fifteenth most important financial centre for competitiveness by the Global Financial Centres Index, fifth in Europe behind London, Zürich, Frankfurt and Luxembourg. Geneva_sentence_13

In 2019, Geneva was ranked among the ten most liveable cities in the world by Mercer together with Zürich and Basel. Geneva_sentence_14

The city has been referred to as the world's most compact metropolis and the "Peace Capital". Geneva_sentence_15

In 2019, Mercer ranked Geneva as the thirteenth most expensive city in the world. Geneva_sentence_16

In a UBS ranking of global cities in 2018, Geneva was ranked first for gross earnings, second most expensive, and fourth in purchasing power. Geneva_sentence_17

Name Geneva_section_0

The city was mentioned in Latin texts, by Caesar, with the spelling Genava, probably from the Celtic *genawa- from the stem *genu- ("bend, knee"), in the sense of a bending river or estuary, an etymology shared with the Italian port city of Genoa (in Italian Genova). Geneva_sentence_18

The medieval county of Geneva in Middle Latin was known as pagus major Genevensis or Comitatus Genevensis (also Gebennensis). Geneva_sentence_19

After 1400 it became the Genevois province of Savoy (albeit not extending to the city proper, until the reformation of the seat of the Bishop of Geneva). Geneva_sentence_20

History Geneva_section_1

Main articles: History of Geneva and Timeline of Geneva Geneva_sentence_21

For the Catholic ecclesiastical history, see bishopric of Geneva. Geneva_sentence_22

Geneva was an Allobrogian border town, fortified against the Helvetii tribe, when the Romans took it in 121 BC. Geneva_sentence_23

It became Christian under the Late Roman Empire, and acquired its first bishop in the 5th century, having been connected to the Bishopric of Vienne in the 4th. Geneva_sentence_24

In the Middle Ages, Geneva was ruled by a count under the Holy Roman Empire until the late 14th century, when it was granted a charter giving it a high degree of self-governance. Geneva_sentence_25

Around this time, the House of Savoy came to at least nominally dominate the city. Geneva_sentence_26

In the 15th century, an oligarchic republican government emerged with the creation of the Grand Council. Geneva_sentence_27

In the first half of the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation reached the city, causing religious strife, during which Savoy rule was thrown off and Geneva allied itself with the Swiss Confederacy. Geneva_sentence_28

In 1541, with Protestantism on the rise, John Calvin, the Protestant Reformer and proponent of Calvinism, became the spiritual leader of the city and established the Republic of Geneva. Geneva_sentence_29

By the 18th century, Geneva had come under the influence of Catholic France, which cultivated the city as its own. Geneva_sentence_30

France tended to be at odds with the ordinary townsfolk, which inspired the failed Geneva Revolution of 1782, an attempt to win representation in the government for men of modest means. Geneva_sentence_31

In 1798, revolutionary France under the Directory annexed Geneva. Geneva_sentence_32

At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, on 1 June 1814, Geneva was admitted to the Swiss Confederation. Geneva_sentence_33

In 1907, the separation of Church and State was adopted. Geneva_sentence_34

Geneva flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming the seat of many international organizations. Geneva_sentence_35

Geography Geneva_section_2

Topography Geneva_section_3

Geneva is located at 46°12' North, 6°09' East, at the south-western end of Lake Geneva, where the Rhône flows out. Geneva_sentence_36

It is surrounded by three mountain chains, each belonging to the Jura: the Jura main range lies north-westward, the Vuache southward, and the Salève south-eastward. Geneva_sentence_37

The city covers an area of 15.93 km (6.2 sq mi), while the area of the canton is 282 km (108.9 sq mi), including the two small exclaves of Céligny in Vaud. Geneva_sentence_38

The part of the lake that is attached to Geneva has an area of 38 km (14.7 sq mi) and is sometimes referred to as petit lac (small lake). Geneva_sentence_39

The canton has only a 4.5-kilometre-long (2.8 mi) border with the rest of Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_40

Of 107.5 km (66.8 mi) of border, 103 are shared with France, the Département de l'Ain to the north and west and the Département de la Haute-Savoie to the south and east. Geneva_sentence_41

Of the land in the city, 0.24 km (0.093 sq mi), or 1.5%, is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.5 km (0.19 sq mi), or 3.1%, is forested. Geneva_sentence_42

The rest of the land, 14.63 km (5.65 sq mi), or 91.8%, is built up (buildings or roads), 0.49 km (0.19 sq mi), or 3.1%, is either rivers or lakes and 0.02 km (4.9 acres), or 0.1%, is wasteland. Geneva_sentence_43

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 3.4%, housing and buildings made up 46.2% and transportation infrastructure 25.8%, while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 15.7%. Geneva_sentence_44

Of the agricultural land, 0.3% is used for growing crops. Geneva_sentence_45

Of the water in the municipality, 0.2% is composed of lakes and 2.9% is rivers and streams. Geneva_sentence_46

The altitude of Geneva is 373.6 metres (1,225.7 ft) and corresponds to the altitude of the largest of the Pierres du Niton, two large rocks emerging from the lake which date from the last ice age. Geneva_sentence_47

This rock was chosen by General Guillaume Henri Dufour as the reference point for surveying in Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_48

The second main river of Geneva is the Arve, which flows into the Rhône just west of the city centre. Geneva_sentence_49

Mont Blanc can be seen from Geneva and is an hour's drive from the city. Geneva_sentence_50

Climate Geneva_section_4

The climate of Geneva is a temperate climate, more specifically an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb). Geneva_sentence_51

Winters are cool, usually with light frosts at night and thawing conditions during the day. Geneva_sentence_52

Summers are relatively warm. Geneva_sentence_53

Precipitation is adequate and is relatively well-distributed throughout the year, although autumn is slightly wetter than other seasons. Geneva_sentence_54

Ice storms near Lac Léman are normal in the winter: Geneva can be affected by the Bise, a north-easterly wind. Geneva_sentence_55

This can lead to severe icing in winter. Geneva_sentence_56

In summer, many people swim in the lake and patronise public beaches such as Genève Plage and the Bains des Pâquis. Geneva_sentence_57

The city, in certain years, receives snow during colder months. Geneva_sentence_58

The nearby mountains are subject to substantial snowfall and are suitable for skiing. Geneva_sentence_59

Many world-renowned ski resorts such as Verbier and Crans-Montana are less than three hours away by car. Geneva_sentence_60

Mont Salève (1,379 m (4,524 ft)), just across the border in France, dominates the southerly view from the city centre, and Mont Blanc, the highest of the Alpine range, is visible from most of the city, towering high above Chamonix, which, along with Morzine, Le Grand Bornand, La Clusaz, and resorts of the Grand Massif such as Samoens, Morillon, and Flaine, are the closest French skiing destinations to Geneva. Geneva_sentence_61

During the years 2000–2009, the mean yearly temperature was 11 °C and the mean number of sunshine-hours per year was 2003. Geneva_sentence_62

The highest temperature recorded in Genève–Cointrin was 39.7 °C (103.5 °F) in July 2015, and the lowest temperature recorded was −20.0 °C (−4.0 °F) in February 1956. Geneva_sentence_63

Politics Geneva_section_5

Coat of arms Geneva_section_6

Administrative divisions Geneva_section_7

The city is divided into eight quartiers, or districts, sometimes composed of several neighbourhoods. Geneva_sentence_64

On the left bank are: (1) Jonction, (2) Centre, Plainpalais, and Acacias; (3) Eaux-Vives; and (4) Champel. Geneva_sentence_65

The right bank includes: (1) Saint-Jean and Charmilles; (2) Servette and Petit-Saconnex; (3) Grottes and Saint-Gervais; and (4) Paquis and Nations. Geneva_sentence_66

Government Geneva_section_8

See also: List of mayors of Geneva Geneva_sentence_67

The Administrative Council (Conseil administratif) constitutes the executive government of the city of Geneva and operates as a collegiate authority. Geneva_sentence_68

It is composed of five councilors (French: Conseiller administratif/ Conseillère administrative), each presiding over a department. Geneva_sentence_69

The president of the executive department acts as mayor (la maire/le maire). Geneva_sentence_70

In the governmental year 2020–2021, the Administrative Council is presided over by Monsieur le maire de Genève Sami Kanaan. Geneva_sentence_71

Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Municipal Council are carried out by the Administrative Council. Geneva_sentence_72

Elections for the Administrative Council are held every five years. Geneva_sentence_73

The current term of (la législature) is from 1 June 2020 to 31 May 2025. Geneva_sentence_74

The delegates are elected by means of a system of Majorz. Geneva_sentence_75

The mayor and vice change each year, while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate. Geneva_sentence_76

The executive body holds its meetings in the Palais Eynard, near the Parc des Bastions. Geneva_sentence_77

As of 2020, Geneva's Administrative Council is made up of two representatives each of the Social Democratic Party (PS) and the Green Party (PES), and one member of the Christian Democratic Party (PDC). Geneva_sentence_78

This gives the left-wing parties four out of the five seats and for the first time in history a female majority. Geneva_sentence_79

The last election was held on 15 March/5 April 2020. Geneva_sentence_80

Except for the mayor, all other councillors have been elected for the first time. Geneva_sentence_81

Geneva_table_general_1

Le Conseil administratif of GenevaGeneva_table_caption_1
Councillor

(M. Conseiller administratif/ Mme Conseillère administrative)Geneva_header_cell_1_0_0

PartyGeneva_header_cell_1_0_1 Head of Office (Département, since) ofGeneva_header_cell_1_0_2 elected sinceGeneva_header_cell_1_0_3
Sami KanaanGeneva_cell_1_1_0 PSGeneva_cell_1_1_1 Culture and Digital Change (de la culture et de la transition numérique, 2020)Geneva_cell_1_1_2 2011Geneva_cell_1_1_3
Frédérique PerlerGeneva_cell_1_2_0 PESGeneva_cell_1_2_1 Planning, Construction, and Mobility (de l’aménagement, des constructions et de la mobilité, 2020)Geneva_cell_1_2_2 2020Geneva_cell_1_2_3
Alfonso GomezGeneva_cell_1_3_0 PESGeneva_cell_1_3_1 Finance, Environment and Housing (des finances, de l’environnement et du logement, 2020)Geneva_cell_1_3_2 2020Geneva_cell_1_3_3
Christina KitsosGeneva_cell_1_4_0 PSGeneva_cell_1_4_1 Social Cohesion and Solidarity (de la cohésion sociale et de la solidarité, 2020)Geneva_cell_1_4_2 2020Geneva_cell_1_4_3
Marie Barbey-ChappuisatGeneva_cell_1_5_0 PDCGeneva_cell_1_5_1 Security and Sport (de la sécurité et des sports, 2020)Geneva_cell_1_5_2 2020Geneva_cell_1_5_3

Parliament Geneva_section_9

The Municipal Council (Conseil municipal) holds legislative power. Geneva_sentence_82

It is made up of 80 members, with elections held every five years. Geneva_sentence_83

The Municipal Council makes regulations and by-laws that are executed by the Administrative Council and the administration. Geneva_sentence_84

The delegates are selected by means of a system of proportional representation with a seven percent threshold. Geneva_sentence_85

The sessions of the Municipal Council are public. Geneva_sentence_86

Unlike members of the Administrative Council, members of the Municipal Council are not politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Geneva_sentence_87

Any resident of Geneva allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council. Geneva_sentence_88

The Council holds its meetings in the Town Hall (Hôtel de Ville), in the old city. Geneva_sentence_89

The last election of the Municipal Council was held on 15 March 2020 for the (législature) of 2020–2025. Geneva_sentence_90

Currently, the Municipal Council consists of: 19 members of the Social Democratic Party (PS), 18 Green Party (PES), 14 Les Libéraux-Radicaux (PLR), 8 Christian Democratic People's Party (PDC); 7 Geneva Citizens' Movement (MCG,), 7 Ensemble à Gauche (an alliance of the left parties PST-POP (Parti Suisse du Travail – Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and solidaritéS), 6 Swiss People's Party (UDC). Geneva_sentence_91

Elections Geneva_section_10

National Council Geneva_section_11

In the 2019 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the Green Party which received 26% (+14.6) of the vote. Geneva_sentence_92

The next seven most popular parties were the PS (17.9%, -5.9), PLR (15.1%, -2.4), the UDC (12.6%, -3.7), the PdA/solidaritéS (10%, +1.3), the PDC (5.4%, -5.3), the pvl (5%, +2.9), and MCR (4.9%, -2.7). Geneva_sentence_93

In the federal election a total of 34,319 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 39.6%. Geneva_sentence_94

In the 2015 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the PS which received 23.8% of the vote. Geneva_sentence_95

The next five most popular parties were the PLR (17.6%), the UDC (16.3%), the Green Party (11.4%), the PDC (10.7%), and the solidaritéS (8.8%). Geneva_sentence_96

In the federal election a total of 36,490 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 44.1%. Geneva_sentence_97

International relations Geneva_section_12

Geneva intentionally does not have any sister relationships with other cities. Geneva_sentence_98

It declares itself related to the entire world. Geneva_sentence_99

Demographics Geneva_section_13

Population Geneva_section_14

Geneva has a population (as of December 2019) of 203,951. Geneva_sentence_100

The city of Geneva is at the centre of the Geneva metropolitan area, known as Grand Genève in French (Greater Geneva). Geneva_sentence_101

Greater Geneva includes the Canton of Geneva in its entirety as well as the District of Nyon in the Canton of Vaud and several areas in the neighbouring French departments of Haute-Savoie and Ain. Geneva_sentence_102

In 2011, the agglomération franco-valdo-genevoise had 915,000 inhabitants, two-thirds of whom lived on Swiss soil and one-third on French soil. Geneva_sentence_103

The Geneva metropolitan area is experiencing steady demographic growth of 1.2% a year and the population of the agglomération franco-valdo-genevoise is expected to reach a total of one million people in the near future. Geneva_sentence_104

The official language of Geneva (both the city and the canton) is French. Geneva_sentence_105

English is also common due to the high number of anglophone expatriates and foreigners working in international institutions and in the bank sector. Geneva_sentence_106

As of 2000, 128,622 or 72.3% of the population speaks French as a first language, with English being the second most common (7,853 or 4.4%) language. Geneva_sentence_107

7,462 inhabitants speak Spanish (or 4.2%), 7,320 speak Italian (4.1%), 7,050 speak German (4.0%) and 113 people who speak Romansh. Geneva_sentence_108

As a result of immigration flows in the 1960s and 1980s, Portuguese is also spoken by a considerable proportion of the population. Geneva_sentence_109

In the city of Geneva, as of 2013, 48% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Geneva_sentence_110

For a list of the largest groups of foreign residents see the cantonal overview. Geneva_sentence_111

Over the last 10 years (1999–2009), the population has changed at a rate of 7.2%; a rate of 3.4% due to migration and at a rate of 3.4% due to births and deaths. Geneva_sentence_112

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 47.8% male and 52.2% female. Geneva_sentence_113

The male population was made up of 46,284 Swiss men (24.2% of the population) and 45,127 (23.6%) non-Swiss men. Geneva_sentence_114

There were 56,091 Swiss women (29.3%) and 43,735 (22.9%) non-Swiss women. Geneva_sentence_115

As of 2000 approximately 24.3% of the population of the municipality were born in Geneva and lived there in 2000 – 43,296. Geneva_sentence_116

A further 11,757 or 6.6% who were born in the same canton, while 27,359 or 15.4% were born elsewhere in Switzerland, and 77,893 or 43.8% were born outside of Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_117

In 2008, there were 1,147 live births to Swiss citizens and 893 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in the same time span there were 1,114 deaths of Swiss citizens and 274 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Geneva_sentence_118

Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 33, while the foreign population increased by 619. Geneva_sentence_119

There were 465 Swiss men and 498 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_120

At the same time, there were 2933 non-Swiss men and 2662 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_121

The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 135 and the non-Swiss population increased by 3181 people. Geneva_sentence_122

This represents a population growth rate of 1.8%. Geneva_sentence_123

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 18.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 65.8% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 16%. Geneva_sentence_124

As of 2000, there were 78,666 people who were single and never married in the municipality. Geneva_sentence_125

There were 74,205 married individuals, 10,006 widows or widowers and 15,087 individuals who are divorced. Geneva_sentence_126

As of 2000, there were 86,231 private households in the municipality, and an average of 1.9 persons per household. Geneva_sentence_127

There were 44,373 households that consist of only one person and 2,549 households with five or more people. Geneva_sentence_128

Out of a total of 89,269 households that answered this question, 49.7% were households made up of just one person and there were 471 adults who lived with their parents. Geneva_sentence_129

Of the rest of the households, there are 17,429 married couples without children, 16,607 married couples with children. Geneva_sentence_130

There were 5,499 single parents with a child or children. Geneva_sentence_131

There were 1,852 households that were made up of unrelated people and 3,038 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. Geneva_sentence_132

In 2000, there were 743 single family homes (or 10.6% of the total) out of a total of 6,990 inhabited buildings. Geneva_sentence_133

There were 2,758 multi-family buildings (39.5%), along with 2,886 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (41.3%) and 603 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (8.6%). Geneva_sentence_134

Of the single family homes, 197 were built before 1919, while 20 were built between 1990 and 2000. Geneva_sentence_135

The greatest number of single family homes (277) were built between 1919 and 1945. Geneva_sentence_136

In 2000, there were 101,794 apartments in the municipality. Geneva_sentence_137

The most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 27,084. Geneva_sentence_138

There were 21,889 single room apartments and 11,166 apartments with five or more rooms. Geneva_sentence_139

Of these apartments, a total of 85,330 apartments (83.8% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 13,644 apartments (13.4%) were seasonally occupied and 2,820 apartments (2.8%) were empty. Geneva_sentence_140

As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 1.3 new units per 1000 residents. Geneva_sentence_141

As of 2003, the average price to rent an average apartment in Geneva was 1163.30 Swiss francs (CHF) per month (US$930, £520, €740 approx. Geneva_sentence_142

exchange rate from 2003). Geneva_sentence_143

The average rate for a one-room apartment was 641.60 CHF (US$510, £290, €410), a two-room apartment was about 874.46 CHF (US$700, £390, €560), a three-room apartment was about 1126.37 CHF (US$900, £510, €720) and a six or more room apartment cost an average of 2691.07 CHF (US$2150, £1210, €1720). Geneva_sentence_144

The average apartment price in Geneva was 104.2% of the national average of 1116 CHF. Geneva_sentence_145

The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.25%. Geneva_sentence_146

In June 2011, the average price of an apartment in and around Geneva was 13,681 CHF per square metre (11 square feet). Geneva_sentence_147

The average can be as high as 17,589 Swiss francs (CHF) per square metre (11 square feet) for a luxury apartment and as low as 9,847 Swiss francs (CHF) for an older or basic apartment. Geneva_sentence_148

For houses in and around Geneva, the average price was 11,595 Swiss francs (CHF) per square metre (11 square feet) (June 2011), with a lowest price per square metre (11 square feet) of 4,874 Swiss francs (CHF), and a maximum price of 21,966 Swiss francs (CHF). Geneva_sentence_149

Historical population Geneva_section_15

William Monter calculates that the city's total population was 12,000–13,000 in 1550, doubling to over 25,000 by 1560. Geneva_sentence_150

The historical population is given in the following chart: Geneva_sentence_151

Geneva_table_general_2

Historic population dataGeneva_header_cell_2_0_0
YearGeneva_header_cell_2_1_0 Total populationGeneva_header_cell_2_1_1 German-speakingGeneva_header_cell_2_1_2 French-speakingGeneva_header_cell_2_1_3 CatholicGeneva_header_cell_2_1_4 ProtestantGeneva_header_cell_2_1_5 OtherGeneva_header_cell_2_1_6 JewishGeneva_header_cell_2_1_7 IslamicGeneva_header_cell_2_1_8 No religion givenGeneva_header_cell_2_1_9 SwissGeneva_header_cell_2_1_10 Non-SwissGeneva_header_cell_2_1_11
1850Geneva_header_cell_2_2_0 37,724Geneva_cell_2_2_1 Geneva_cell_2_2_2 Geneva_cell_2_2_3 11,123Geneva_cell_2_2_4 26,446Geneva_cell_2_2_5 Geneva_cell_2_2_6 Geneva_cell_2_2_7 Geneva_cell_2_2_8 Geneva_cell_2_2_9 29,203Geneva_cell_2_2_10 8,521Geneva_cell_2_2_11
1870Geneva_header_cell_2_3_0 60,004Geneva_cell_2_3_1 Geneva_cell_2_3_2 Geneva_cell_2_3_3 27,092Geneva_cell_2_3_4 35,064Geneva_cell_2_3_5 Geneva_cell_2_3_6 Geneva_cell_2_3_7 Geneva_cell_2_3_8 Geneva_cell_2_3_9 39,012Geneva_cell_2_3_10 24,507Geneva_cell_2_3_11
1888Geneva_header_cell_2_4_0 75,709Geneva_cell_2_4_1 10,806Geneva_cell_2_4_2 61,429Geneva_cell_2_4_3 32,168Geneva_cell_2_4_4 41,605Geneva_cell_2_4_5 1,330Geneva_cell_2_4_6 654Geneva_cell_2_4_7 Geneva_cell_2_4_8 Geneva_cell_2_4_9 47,482Geneva_cell_2_4_10 28,227Geneva_cell_2_4_11
1900Geneva_header_cell_2_5_0 97,359Geneva_cell_2_5_1 11,703Geneva_cell_2_5_2 77,611Geneva_cell_2_5_3 44,958Geneva_cell_2_5_4 49,875Geneva_cell_2_5_5 1,918Geneva_cell_2_5_6 1,055Geneva_cell_2_5_7 Geneva_cell_2_5_8 Geneva_cell_2_5_9 58,376Geneva_cell_2_5_10 38,983Geneva_cell_2_5_11
1910Geneva_header_cell_2_6_0 115,243Geneva_cell_2_6_1 14,566Geneva_cell_2_6_2 86,697Geneva_cell_2_6_3 53,248Geneva_cell_2_6_4 55,474Geneva_cell_2_6_5 4,267Geneva_cell_2_6_6 2,170Geneva_cell_2_6_7 Geneva_cell_2_6_8 Geneva_cell_2_6_9 67,430Geneva_cell_2_6_10 47,813Geneva_cell_2_6_11
1930Geneva_header_cell_2_7_0 124,121Geneva_cell_2_7_1 18,717Geneva_cell_2_7_2 93,058Geneva_cell_2_7_3 49,531Geneva_cell_2_7_4 66,016Geneva_cell_2_7_5 4,584Geneva_cell_2_7_6 2,224Geneva_cell_2_7_7 Geneva_cell_2_7_8 Geneva_cell_2_7_9 92,693Geneva_cell_2_7_10 31,428Geneva_cell_2_7_11
1950Geneva_header_cell_2_8_0 145,473Geneva_cell_2_8_1 20,603Geneva_cell_2_8_2 111,314Geneva_cell_2_8_3 58,556Geneva_cell_2_8_4 74,837Geneva_cell_2_8_5 6,164Geneva_cell_2_8_6 2,642Geneva_cell_2_8_7 Geneva_cell_2_8_8 Geneva_cell_2_8_9 118,863Geneva_cell_2_8_10 26,610Geneva_cell_2_8_11
1970Geneva_header_cell_2_9_0 173,618Geneva_cell_2_9_1 19,657Geneva_cell_2_9_2 111,553Geneva_cell_2_9_3 90,555Geneva_cell_2_9_4 65,393Geneva_cell_2_9_5 22,591Geneva_cell_2_9_6 3,128Geneva_cell_2_9_7 959Geneva_cell_2_9_8 6,164Geneva_cell_2_9_9 115,107Geneva_cell_2_9_10 58,511Geneva_cell_2_9_11
1990Geneva_header_cell_2_10_0 171,042Geneva_cell_2_10_1 9,610Geneva_cell_2_10_2 112,419Geneva_cell_2_10_3 79,575Geneva_cell_2_10_4 34,492Geneva_cell_2_10_5 39,227Geneva_cell_2_10_6 2,444Geneva_cell_2_10_7 4,753Geneva_cell_2_10_8 29,747Geneva_cell_2_10_9 98,812Geneva_cell_2_10_10 72,230Geneva_cell_2_10_11
2000Geneva_header_cell_2_11_0 177,964Geneva_cell_2_11_1 7,050Geneva_cell_2_11_2 128,622Geneva_cell_2_11_3 66,491Geneva_cell_2_11_4 26,020Geneva_cell_2_11_5 34,972Geneva_cell_2_11_6 2,601Geneva_cell_2_11_7 8,698Geneva_cell_2_11_8 41,289Geneva_cell_2_11_9 99,935Geneva_cell_2_11_10 78,029Geneva_cell_2_11_11

Religion Geneva_section_16

The 2000 census recorded 66,491 residents (37.4% of the population) as Roman Catholic, while 41,289 people (23.20%) belonged to no church or were agnostic or atheist, 24,105 (13.5%) belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church, and 8,698 (4.89%) were Muslim. Geneva_sentence_152

There were also 3,959 members of an Orthodox church (2.22%), 220 individuals (or about 0.12% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, 2,422 (1.36%) who belonged to another Christian church, and 2,601 people (1.46%) who were Jewish. Geneva_sentence_153

There were 707 individuals who were Buddhist, 474 who were Hindu and 423 who belonged to another church. Geneva_sentence_154

26,575 respondents (14.93%) did not answer the question. Geneva_sentence_155

According to 2012 statistics by Swiss Bundesamt für Statistik 49.2% of the population are Christian, divided into 34.2% Roman Catholic, 8.8% Swiss Reformed (organized in the Protestant Church of Geneva) and 6.2% other Christian (mostly various other Protestants), 38% of Genevans are non-religious, 6.1% are Muslim and 1.6% are Jews. Geneva_sentence_156

Geneva has historically been considered a Protestant city and was known as the Protestant Rome due to it being the base of John Calvin, William Farel, Theodore Beza and other Protestant reformers. Geneva_sentence_157

Over the past century, substantial immigration from France and other predominantly Roman Catholic countries, as well as general European secularization has changed its religious landscape. Geneva_sentence_158

As a result, three times as many Roman Catholics as Protestants lived in the city in 2000, while a large number of residents were members of neither group. Geneva_sentence_159

Geneva forms part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lausanne, Geneva and Fribourg. Geneva_sentence_160

The World Council of Churches and the Lutheran World Federation both have their headquarters at the Ecumenical Centre in Grand-Saconnex, Geneva. Geneva_sentence_161

The World Communion of Reformed Churches, a worldwide organization of Presbyterian, Continental Reformed, Congregational and other Reformed churches gathering more than 80 million people around the world was based here from 1948 until 2013. Geneva_sentence_162

The Executive Committee of the World Communion of Reformed Churches voted in 2012 to move its offices to Hanover, Germany, citing the high costs of running the ecumenical organization in Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_163

The move was completed in 2013. Geneva_sentence_164

Likewise, the Conference of European Churches have moved their headquarters from Geneva to Brussels. Geneva_sentence_165

"Protestant Rome" Geneva_section_17

Prior to the Protestant Reformation the city was de jure and de facto Roman Catholic. Geneva_sentence_166

Reaction to the new movement varied across Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_167

John Calvin went to Geneva in 1536 after William Farel encouraged him to do so. Geneva_sentence_168

In Geneva, the Catholic bishop had been obliged to seek exile in 1532. Geneva_sentence_169

Geneva became a stronghold of Calvinism. Geneva_sentence_170

Some of the tenets created there influenced Protestantism as a whole. Geneva_sentence_171

St. Geneva_sentence_172 Pierre Cathedral was where Calvin and his Protestant reformers preached. Geneva_sentence_173

It constituted the epicentre of the newly developing Protestant thought that would later become known as the Reformed tradition. Geneva_sentence_174

Many prominent Reformed theologians operated there, including William Farel and Theodore Beza, Calvin's successor who progressed Reformed thought after his death. Geneva_sentence_175

Geneva was a shelter for Calvinists, but at the same time it persecuted Roman Catholics and others considered heretics. Geneva_sentence_176

The case of Michael Servetus, an early Nontrinitarian, is notable. Geneva_sentence_177

Condemned by Catholics and Protestants alike, he was arrested in Geneva and burnt at the stake as a heretic by order of the city's Protestant governing council. Geneva_sentence_178

John Calvin and his followers denounced him, and possibly contributed to his sentence. Geneva_sentence_179

In 1802, during its annexation to France under Napoleon I, the Diocese of Geneva was united with the Diocese of Chambéry, but the 1814 Congress of Vienna and the 1816 Treaty of Turin stipulated that in the territories transferred to a now considerably extended Geneva, the Catholic religion was to be protected and that no changes were to be made in existing conditions without an agreement with the Holy See. Geneva_sentence_180

Napoleon's common policy was to emancipate Catholics in Protestant-majority areas, and the other way around, as well as emancipating Jews. Geneva_sentence_181

In 1819, the city of Geneva and 20 parishes were united to the Diocese of Lausanne by Pope Pius VII and in 1822, the non-Swiss territory was made into the Diocese of Annecy. Geneva_sentence_182

A variety of concord with the civil authorities came as a result of the separation of church and state, enacted with strong Catholic support in 1907. Geneva_sentence_183

Crime Geneva_section_18

See also: Crime in Switzerland Geneva_sentence_184

In 2014 the incidence of crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code in Geneva was 143.9 per thousand residents. Geneva_sentence_185

During the same period the rate of drug crimes was 33.6 per thousand residents. Geneva_sentence_186

The rate of violations of immigration, visa and work permit laws was 35.7 per thousand residents. Geneva_sentence_187

Cityscape Geneva_section_19

Heritage sites of national significance Geneva_section_20

There are 82 buildings or sites in Geneva that are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance, and the entire old city of Geneva is part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites. Geneva_sentence_188

Religious buildings: Cathedral St-Pierre et Chapel des Macchabés, Notre-Dame Church, Russian church, St-Germain Church, Temple de la Fusterie, Temple de l'Auditoire Geneva_sentence_189

Civic buildings: Former Arsenal and Archives of the City of Genève, Former Crédit Lyonnais, Former Hôtel Buisson, Former Hôtel du Résident de France et Bibliothèque de la Société de lecture de Genève, Former école des arts industriels, Archives d'État de Genève (Annexe), Bâtiment des forces motrices, Bibliothèque de Genève, Library juive de Genève «Gérard Nordmann», Cabinet des estampes, Centre d'Iconographie genevoise, Collège Calvin, École Geisendorf, University Hospital of Geneva (HUG), Hôtel de Ville et tour Baudet, Immeuble Clarté at Rue Saint-Laurent 2 and 4, Immeubles House Rotonde at Rue Charles-Giron 11–19, Immeubles at Rue Beauregard 2, 4, 6, 8, Immeubles at Rue de la Corraterie 10–26, Immeubles at Rue des Granges 2–6, Immeuble at Rue des Granges 8, Immeubles at Rue des Granges 10 and 12, Immeuble at Rue des Granges 14, Immeuble and Former Armory at Rue des Granges 16, Immeubles at Rue Pierre Fatio 7 and 9, House de Saussure at Rue de la Cité 24, House Des arts du Grütli at Rue du Général-Dufour 16, House Royale et les deux immeubles à côté at Quai Gustave Ador 44–50, Tavel House at Rue du Puits-St-Pierre 6, Turrettini House at Rue de l'Hôtel-de-Ville 8 and 10, Brunswick Monument, Palais de Justice, Palais de l'Athénée, Palais des Nations with library and archives of the SDN and ONU, Palais Eynard et Archives de la ville de Genève, Palais Wilson, Parc des Bastions avec Mur des Réformateurs, Place de Neuve et Monument du Général Dufour, Pont de la Machine, Pont sur l'Arve, Poste du Mont-Blanc, Quai du Mont-Blanc, Quai et Hôtel des Bergues, Quai Général Guisan and English Gardens, Quai Gustave-Ador and Jet d'eau, Télévision Suisse Romande, University of Geneva, Victoria Hall. Geneva_sentence_190

Archeological sites: Foundation Baur and Museum of the arts d'Extrême-Orient, Parc et campagne de la Grange and Library (neolithic shore settlement/Roman villa), Bronze Age shore settlement of Plonjon, Temple de la Madeleine archeological site, Temple Saint-Gervais archeological site, Old City with Celtic, Roman and medieval villages. Geneva_sentence_191

Museums, theaters, and other cultural sites: Conservatoire de musique at Place Neuve 5, Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Fonds cantonal d'art contemporain, Ile Rousseau and statue, Institut et Musée Voltaire with Library and Archives, Mallet House and Museum international de la Réforme, Musée Ariana, Museum of Art and History, Museum d'art moderne et contemporain, Museum d'ethnographie, Museum of the International Red Cross, Musée Rath, Natural History Museum, Plainpalais Commune Auditorium, Pitoëff Theatre, Villa Bartholoni at the Museum of History and Science. Geneva_sentence_192

International organizations: International Labour Organization (BIT), International Committee of the Red Cross, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), World Meteorological Organization, World Trade Organization, International Telecommunication Union, World YMCA. Geneva_sentence_193

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Society and culture Geneva_section_21

Media Geneva_section_22

The city's main newspaper is the daily Tribune de Genève, with a readership of about 187,000. Geneva_sentence_194

Le Courrier mainly focuses on Geneva. Geneva_sentence_195

Both Le Temps (headquartered in Geneva) and Le Matin are widely read in Geneva, but cover the whole of Romandy. Geneva_sentence_196

Geneva is the main media center for French-speaking Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_197

It is the headquarters for the numerous French language radio and television networks of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation, known collectively as Radio Télévision Suisse. Geneva_sentence_198

While both networks cover the whole of Romandy, special programs related to Geneva are sometimes broadcast on some of the local radio frequencies. Geneva_sentence_199

Other local radio stations broadcast from the city, including YesFM (FM 91.8 MHz), Radio Cité (non-commercial radio, FM 92.2 MHz), OneFM (FM 107.0 MHz, also broadcast in Vaud), and World Radio Switzerland (FM 88.4 MHz). Geneva_sentence_200

Léman Bleu is a local TV channel, founded in 1996 and distributed by cable. Geneva_sentence_201

Due to the proximity to France, many French television channels are also available. Geneva_sentence_202

Traditions and customs Geneva_section_23

Geneva observes Jeûne genevois on the first Thursday following the first Sunday in September. Geneva_sentence_203

By local tradition, this commemorates the date news of the St. Geneva_sentence_204 Bartholomew's Day massacre of Huguenots reached Geneva. Geneva_sentence_205

Geneva celebrates L'Escalade on the weekend nearest 12 December, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack of troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy during the night of 11–12 December 1602. Geneva_sentence_206

Festive traditions include chocolate cauldrons filled with vegetable-shaped marzipan treats and the Escalade procession on horseback in seventeenth century armour. Geneva_sentence_207

Geneva has also been organizing a 'Course de l'Escalade', which means 'Climbing Race'. Geneva_sentence_208

This race takes place in Geneva's Old Town, and has been popular across all ages. Geneva_sentence_209

Non-competitive racers dress up in fancy costumes, while walking in the race. Geneva_sentence_210

Since 1818, a particular chestnut tree has been used as the official "herald of the spring" in Geneva. Geneva_sentence_211

The sautier (secretary of the Parliament of the Canton of Geneva) observes the tree and notes the day of arrival of the first bud. Geneva_sentence_212

While this event has no practical effect, the sautier issues a formal press release and the local newspaper will usually mention the news. Geneva_sentence_213

As this is one of the world's oldest records of a plant's reaction to climatic conditions, researchers have been interested to note that the first bud has been appearing earlier and earlier in the year. Geneva_sentence_214

During the 19th century many dates were in March or April. Geneva_sentence_215

In recent years, they have usually been in late February (sometimes earlier). Geneva_sentence_216

In 2002, the first bud appeared unusually early, on 7 February, and then again on 29 December of the same year. Geneva_sentence_217

The following year, one of the hottest years recorded in Europe, was a year with no bud. Geneva_sentence_218

In 2008, the first bud also appeared early, on 19 February. Geneva_sentence_219

Music and festivals Geneva_section_24

The opera house, the Grand Théâtre de Genève, which officially opened in 1876, was partly destroyed by a fire in 1951 and reopened in 1962. Geneva_sentence_220

It has the largest stage in Switzerland. Geneva_sentence_221

It features opera and dance performances, recitals, concerts and, occasionally, theatre. Geneva_sentence_222

The Victoria Hall is used for classical music concerts. Geneva_sentence_223

It is the home of the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande. Geneva_sentence_224

Every summer the Fêtes de Genève (Geneva Festival) are organised in Geneva. Geneva_sentence_225

According to Radio Télévision Suisse in 2013 hundreds of thousands of people came to Geneva to see the annual hour-long grand firework display of the Fêtes de Genève. Geneva_sentence_226

An annual music festival takes place in June. Geneva_sentence_227

Groups of artists perform in different parts of the city. Geneva_sentence_228

In 2016 the festival celebrated its 25th anniversary. Geneva_sentence_229

Further annual festivals are the Fête de l’Olivier, a festival of Arabic music, organized by the ICAM since 1980, and the Genevan Brass Festival, founded by Christophe Sturzenegger in 2010. Geneva_sentence_230

Education Geneva_section_25

The Canton of Geneva's public school system has écoles primaires (ages 4–12) and cycles d'orientation (ages 12–15). Geneva_sentence_231

Students can leave school at 15, but secondary education is provided by collèges (ages 15–19), the oldest of which is the Collège Calvin, which could be considered one of the oldest public schools in the world, écoles de culture générale (15–18/19) and the écoles professionnelles (15–18/19). Geneva_sentence_232

The écoles professionnelles offer full-time courses and part-time study as part of an apprenticeship. Geneva_sentence_233

Geneva also has a number of private schools. Geneva_sentence_234

In 2011 89,244 (37.0%) of the population had completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 107,060 or (44.3%) had completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Geneva_sentence_235

Of the 107,060 who completed tertiary schooling, 32.5% were Swiss men, 31.6% were Swiss women, 18.1% were non-Swiss men and 17.8% were non-Swiss women. Geneva_sentence_236

During the 2011–2012 school year, there were a total of 92,311 students in the Geneva school system (primary to university). Geneva_sentence_237

The education system in the Canton of Geneva has eight years of primary school, with 32,716 students. Geneva_sentence_238

The secondary school program consists of three lower, obligatory years of schooling, followed by three to five years of optional, advanced study. Geneva_sentence_239

There were 13,146 lower-secondary students who attended schools in Geneva. Geneva_sentence_240

There were 10,486 upper-secondary students from the municipality along with 10,330 students who were in a professional, non-university track program. Geneva_sentence_241

An additional 11,797 students were attending private schools. Geneva_sentence_242

Geneva is home to the University of Geneva where approximately 16,500 students are regularly enrolled. Geneva_sentence_243

In 1559 John Calvin founded the Geneva Academy, a theological and humanist seminary. Geneva_sentence_244

In the 19th century the Academy lost its ecclesiastic links and in 1873, with the addition of a medical faculty, it became the University of Geneva. Geneva_sentence_245

In 2011 it was ranked 35th European university. Geneva_sentence_246

The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies was among the first academic institutions in the World to teach international relations. Geneva_sentence_247

It is one of Europe's most prestigious institutions, offering MA and PhD programmes in law, political science, history, economics, international affairs, and development studies. Geneva_sentence_248

The oldest international school in the world is the International School of Geneva, founded in 1924 along with the League of Nations. Geneva_sentence_249

The Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations is a private university in the grounds of the Château de Penthes. Geneva_sentence_250

CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) is probably the best known of Geneva's educational and research facilities, most recently for the Large Hadron Collider. Geneva_sentence_251

Founded in 1954, CERN was one of Europe's first joint ventures and has developed as the world's largest particle physics laboratory. Geneva_sentence_252

Physicists from around the world travel to CERN to research matter and explore the fundamental forces and materials that form the universe. Geneva_sentence_253

Geneva is home to five major libraries, the Bibliothèques municipales Genève, the Haute école de travail social, Institut d'études sociales, the Haute école de santé, the Ecole d'ingénieurs de Genève and the Haute école d'art et de design. Geneva_sentence_254

There were (as of 2008) 877,680 books or other media in the libraries, and in the same year 1,798,980 items were loaned. Geneva_sentence_255

Economy Geneva_section_26

Geneva's economy is services oriented. Geneva_sentence_256

The city has an important and long-established finance sector, which specialises in private banking, managing assets of about US$1 trillion, and the financing of international trade. Geneva_sentence_257

In the September 2017 Global Financial Centres Index, Geneva was ranked as being the 15th most competitive financial centre in the world (up from 20th in March 2017) and the fifth most competitive in Europe (after London, Zürich, Frankfurt, and Luxembourg). Geneva_sentence_258

Geneva hosts the international headquarters of companies such as Japan Tobacco International, Mediterranean Shipping Company, Vitol, Gunvor, Mercuria Energy Group, Merck Serono, SITA, Société Générale de Surveillance, STMicroelectronics, and Weatherford International. Geneva_sentence_259

Many other multinational companies such as Caterpillar, DuPont, and Cargill have their international headquarters in the city; Take Two Interactive, Electronic Arts, INVISTA, Procter & Gamble and Oracle Corporation have their European headquarters in the city. Geneva_sentence_260

Hewlett Packard has its Europe, Africa, and Middle East headquarters in Meyrin, near Geneva, as does PrivatAir. Geneva_sentence_261

There is a long tradition of watchmaking in the city, which dates back to the 16th century. Geneva_sentence_262

Many watchmakers have been based in Geneva since their foundation, such as (Baume et Mercier, Charriol, Chopard, Franck Muller, Patek Philippe, Rolex, Universal Genève, Raymond Weil, Vacheron Constantin and Frédérique Constant). Geneva_sentence_263

Two major international producers of flavours and fragrances, Firmenich and Givaudan, have their headquarters and main production facilities in Geneva. Geneva_sentence_264

The private sector has a number of employers' organizations, including the Fédération des Entreprises Romandes Genève (FER Genève) and the Fédération des métiers du bâtiment (FMB). Geneva_sentence_265

Many people also work in the numerous offices of international organisations located in Geneva (about 22,233 in March 2012). Geneva_sentence_266

The Geneva Motor Show is one of the most important international auto shows. Geneva_sentence_267

It is held at Palexpo, a large convention centre next to the International Airport. Geneva_sentence_268

In 2009, Geneva was ranked as the fourth most expensive city in the world. Geneva_sentence_269

Geneva moved up four places from eighth place the previous year. Geneva_sentence_270

As of  2011, Geneva had an unemployment rate of 6.3%. Geneva_sentence_271

As of 2008, there were five people employed in the primary economic sector and about three businesses involved in this sector. Geneva_sentence_272

9,783 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 1,200 businesses in this sector. Geneva_sentence_273

134,429 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 12,489 businesses in this sector. Geneva_sentence_274

There were 91,880 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, with women making up 47.7% of the workforce. Geneva_sentence_275

In 2008, the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 124,185. Geneva_sentence_276

The number of jobs in the primary sector was four, all of which were in agriculture. Geneva_sentence_277

The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 9,363 of which 4,863 or (51.9%) were in manufacturing and 4,451 (47.5%) were in construction. Geneva_sentence_278

The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 114,818. Geneva_sentence_279

In the tertiary sector; 16,573 or 14.4% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 3,474 or 3.0% were in the movement and storage of goods, 9,484 or 8.3% were in a hotel or restaurant, 4,544 or 4.0% were in the information industry, 20,982 or 18.3% were the insurance or financial industry, 12,177 or 10.6% were technical professionals or scientists, 10,007 or 8.7% were in education and 15,029 or 13.1% were in health care. Geneva_sentence_280

In 2000, there were 95,190 workers who commuted into the municipality and 25,920 workers who commuted away. Geneva_sentence_281

The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 3.7 workers entering the municipality for every one leaving. Geneva_sentence_282

About 13.8% of the workforce coming into Geneva are coming from outside Switzerland, while 0.4% of the locals commute out of Switzerland for work. Geneva_sentence_283

Of the working population, 38.2% used public transportation to get to work, and 30.6% used a private car. Geneva_sentence_284

Sport Geneva_section_27

Ice hockey is the most popular sport in Geneva. Geneva_sentence_285

Geneva is home to Genève-Servette HC, which plays in the National League. Geneva_sentence_286

They play their home games in the 7,135-seat Patinoire des Vernets. Geneva_sentence_287

In 2008 and 2010 the team made it to the league finals but lost to the ZSC Lions and SC Bern respectively. Geneva_sentence_288

The team is by far the most popular one in both the city and the canton of Geneva, drawing three times more spectators than the football team in 2017. Geneva_sentence_289

The town is home to Servette FC, a football club founded in 1890 and named after a borough on the right bank of the Rhône. Geneva_sentence_290

The home of Servette FC is the 30,000-seat Stade de Genève. Geneva_sentence_291

Servette FC plays in the Raiffeisen Super League. Geneva_sentence_292

Urania Genève Sport also play in the city. Geneva_sentence_293

Geneva is home to the basketball team Lions de Genève, 2013 and 2015 champions of the Swiss Basketball League. Geneva_sentence_294

The team plays its home games in the Pavilion des Sports. Geneva_sentence_295

Geneva Jets Australian Football Club have been playing Australian Football in the AFL Switzerland league since 2019. Geneva_sentence_296

Infrastructure Geneva_section_28

Transportation Geneva_section_29

Main article: Transports Publics Genevois Geneva_sentence_297

The city is served by the Geneva Cointrin International Airport. Geneva_sentence_298

It is connected by Geneva Airport railway station (French: Gare de Genève-Aéroport) to both the Swiss Federal Railways network and the French SNCF network, including links to Paris, Lyon, Marseille and Montpellier by TGV. Geneva_sentence_299

Geneva is connected to the motorway systems of both Switzerland (A1 motorway) and France. Geneva_sentence_300

Public transport by bus, trolleybus or tram is provided by Transports Publics Genevois. Geneva_sentence_301

In addition to an extensive coverage of the city centre, the network extends to most of the municipalities of the Canton, with a few lines reaching into France. Geneva_sentence_302

Public transport by boat is provided by the Mouettes Genevoises, which link the two banks of the lake within the city, and by the Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman which serves more distant destinations such as Nyon, Yvoire, Thonon, Évian, Lausanne and Montreux using both modern diesel vessels and vintage paddle steamers. Geneva_sentence_303

Trains operated by Swiss Federal Railways connect the airport to the main station of Cornavin in six minutes. Geneva_sentence_304

Regional train services are being developed towards Coppet and Bellegarde. Geneva_sentence_305

At the city limits two new railway stations have been opened since 2002: Genève-Sécheron (close to the UN and the Botanical Gardens) and Lancy-Pont-Rouge. Geneva_sentence_306

In 2011 work started on the CEVA rail (Cornavin – Eaux-Vives – Annemasse) project, first planned in 1884, which will connect Cornavin with the Cantonal hospital, Eaux-Vives railway station and Annemasse, in France. Geneva_sentence_307

The link between the main railway station and the classification yard of La Praille already exists; from there, the line runs mostly underground to the Hospital and Eaux-Vives, where it links to the existing line to France. Geneva_sentence_308

The line fully opened in December 2019. Geneva_sentence_309

In May 2013, the demonstrator electric bus system with a capacity of 133 passengers commenced between Geneva Airport and Palexpo. Geneva_sentence_310

The project aims to introduce a new system of mass transport with electric "flash" recharging of the buses at selected stops while passengers are disembarking and embarking. Geneva_sentence_311

Taxis in Geneva can be difficult to find, and may need to be booked in advance, especially in the early morning or at peak hours. Geneva_sentence_312

Taxis can refuse to take babies and children because of seating legislation. Geneva_sentence_313

An ambitious project to close 200 streets in the centre of Geneva to cars was approved by the Geneva cantonal authorities in 2010 and was planned to be implemented over a span of four years (2010–2014), though as of 2018, work on the project has yet to be started. Geneva_sentence_314

Utilities Geneva_section_30

Water, natural gas and electricity are provided to the municipalities of the Canton of Geneva by the state-owned Services Industriels de Genève, known as SIG. Geneva_sentence_315

Most of the drinking water (80%) is extracted from the lake; the remaining 20% is provided by groundwater, originally formed by infiltration from the Arve. Geneva_sentence_316

30% of the Canton's electricity needs is locally produced, mainly by three hydroelectric dams on the Rhône (Seujet, Verbois and Chancy-Pougny). Geneva_sentence_317

In addition, 13% of the electricity produced in the Canton is from the burning of waste at the waste incineration facility of Les Cheneviers. Geneva_sentence_318

The remaining needs (57%) are covered by imports from other cantons in Switzerland or other European countries; SIG buys only electricity produced by renewable methods, and in particular does not use electricity produced using nuclear reactors or fossil fuels. Geneva_sentence_319

Natural gas is available in the City of Geneva, as well as in about two-thirds of the municipalities of the canton, and is imported from Western Europe by the Swiss company Gaznat. Geneva_sentence_320

SIG also provides telecommunication facilities to carriers, service providers and large enterprises. Geneva_sentence_321

From 2003 to 2005, "Voisin, voisine" a fibre to the Home pilot project with a triple play offering was launched to test the end-user market in the Charmilles district. Geneva_sentence_322

International organisations Geneva_section_31

See also: List of international organizations based in Geneva Geneva_sentence_323

Geneva is the European headquarters of the United Nations, in the Palace of Nations building, which was also the headquarters of the former League of Nations. Geneva_sentence_324

Several agencies are headquartered at Geneva, including the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organization, International Telecommunication Union, the International Baccalaureate Organization and the World Intellectual Property Organization. Geneva_sentence_325

Apart from the UN agencies, Geneva hosts many inter-governmental organizations, such as the World Trade Organization, the South Centre, the World Meteorological Organization, the World Economic Forum, the International Organization for Migration, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the International Committee of the Red Cross. Geneva_sentence_326

The Maison de la Paix building hosts the three Geneva centres supported by the Swiss Confederation: the International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, the Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, as well as other organisations active in the field of peace, international affairs and sustainable development. Geneva_sentence_327

Organizations on the European level include the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) which is the world's largest particle physics laboratory. Geneva_sentence_328

The Geneva Environment Network (GEN) publishes the Geneva Green Guide, an extensive listing of Geneva-based global organisations working on environment protection and sustainable development. Geneva_sentence_329

A website, jointly run by the Swiss Government, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, the United Nations Environment Programme and the International Union for Conservation of Nature, includes accounts of how NGOs, business, government and the UN cooperate. Geneva_sentence_330

By doing so, it attempts to explain why Geneva has been picked by so many NGOs and UN bodies as their headquarters' location. Geneva_sentence_331

The World Organization of the Scout Movement and the World Scout Bureau Central Office are headquartered in Geneva. Geneva_sentence_332

Notable people Geneva_section_32

A–C Geneva_section_33

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D–G Geneva_section_34

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H–M Geneva_section_35

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N-R Geneva_section_36

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S–Z Geneva_section_37

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See also Geneva_section_38

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geneva.