Giorgio Jan

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Giorgio Jan (21 December 1791 in Vienna – 8 May 1866, Milan) was an Italian taxonomist, zoologist, botanist, herpetologist, and writer. Giorgio Jan_sentence_0

He is also known as Georg Jan or Georges Jan. Giorgio Jan_sentence_1

Biography Giorgio Jan_section_0

After having been an assistant at the University of Vienna, Jan obtained the post of professor of botany at the university of Parma as well as becoming Director of the botanical garden. Giorgio Jan_sentence_2

At that time, the duchy of Parma was no longer under Austrian jurisdiction following the Congress of Vienna after the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo. Giorgio Jan_sentence_3

Giuseppe de Cristoforis died in 1837 bequeathing his collections to the town of Milan on condition that the municipality created a natural history museum whose direction had to be entrusted to Giorgio Jan, who offered his own collections. Giorgio Jan_sentence_4

The Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano was created the following year and is the oldest natural history museum of Italy. Giorgio Jan_sentence_5

Jan immediately engaged (1837–1916), artist and naturalist, who then illustrated his publications. Giorgio Jan_sentence_6

Jan's main interest was botany, but he made immense collections of natural history, including fossils and minerals. Giorgio Jan_sentence_7

With Giuseppe de Cristoforis, he published many catalogues of specimens, often offered for sale or exchange. Giorgio Jan_sentence_8

In these many new species, were described mainly insects and molluscs. Giorgio Jan_sentence_9

In the scientific field of herpetology he is credited with having described more than 85 new species of snakes, and is honored by having several species and subspecies named after him, such as the Texas night snake (Hypsiglena torquata jani ), the Mexican pine snake (Pituophis deppei jani ), Jan's shovelsnout snake (Prosymna janii ), and Jan's centipede snake (Tantilla jani ). Giorgio Jan_sentence_10

In the 1860s he began compiling what was to become the Iconographie Général des Ophidiens, an extensive illustrated collection of scientific papers relating to snakes, but he died before it was completed. Giorgio Jan_sentence_11

The work was eventually finished and published in several parts by Sordelli. Giorgio Jan_sentence_12

Publications (incomplete list) Giorgio Jan_section_1

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  • Iconographie Générale des Ophidians (1860–1866). (in French).Giorgio Jan_item_0_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Jan.