Government of Nova Scotia

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Government of Nova Scotia_table_infobox_0

Government of Nova ScotiaGovernment of Nova Scotia_table_caption_0
FormationGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_0_0 1867Government of Nova Scotia_cell_0_0_1
CountryGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_1_0 CanadaGovernment of Nova Scotia_cell_0_1_1
WebsiteGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_2_0 Government of Nova Scotia_cell_0_2_1
Legislative branchGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_3_0
LegislatureGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_4_0 House of AssemblyGovernment of Nova Scotia_cell_0_4_1
Meeting placeGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_5_0 Province HouseGovernment of Nova Scotia_cell_0_5_1
Executive branchGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_6_0
Main bodyGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_7_0 Executive CouncilGovernment of Nova Scotia_cell_0_7_1
Head of GovernmentGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_8_0 PremierGovernment of Nova Scotia_cell_0_8_1
Viceregal RepresentativeGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_9_0 Lieutenant GovernorGovernment of Nova Scotia_cell_0_9_1
Judicial branchGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_10_0
CourtGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_11_0 Supreme CourtGovernment of Nova Scotia_cell_0_11_1
SeatGovernment of Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_12_0 HalifaxGovernment of Nova Scotia_cell_0_12_1

The Government of Nova Scotia (French: Gouvernement de la Nouvelle-Écosse, Scottish Gaelic: Riaghaltas Alba Nuadh) refers to the provincial government of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_0

Nova Scotia is one of Canada’s four Atlantic Provinces, and the second-smallest province by area. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_1

The capital of the province, Halifax, is Nova Scotia's largest city and its political capital. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_2

Halifax is where the Province House, Canada’s oldest legislative building, is located. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_3

The Government of Nova Scotia consists of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_4

Its powers and structure are set out in the Constitution Act, 1867. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_5

In modern Canadian use, the term "government" refers broadly to the cabinet of the day (formally the Executive Council of Nova Scotia), elected from the Nova Scotia House of Assembly and the non-political staff within each provincial department or agency – that is, the civil service. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_6

The Province of Nova Scotia is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, which operates in the Westminster system of government. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_7

In total 52 representatives are elected to serve the interests of the province. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_8

The political party that wins the largest number of seats in the legislature normally forms the government, and the party's leader becomes premier of the province (the head of the government). Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_9

The current government of the province is led by the Nova Scotia Liberal Party, headed by Premier Stephen McNeil who was sworn into office in October 2013. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_10

History Government of Nova Scotia_section_0

The history of Canadian parliamentary institutions begins in Nova Scotia. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_11

In 1758, it was granted an elected assembly, becoming the first Canadian colony to enjoy a representative political institution. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_12

The representatives of Nova Scotia's House of Assembly were elected by a limited number of individuals who were required to own property and swear on certain oaths. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_13

This changed in 1836 when political reformer Joseph Howe started the movement for Responsible Government. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_14

Responsible Government is described as a government that is dependent on the support of an elected assembly instead of a monarch.Under the guidance of Joseph Howe, who lead the Reformers (Liberals), the first genuine political party appeared in the election of 1836. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_15

Premier of Nova Scotia Government of Nova Scotia_section_1

The Premier, or First Minister, of Nova Scotia is the head of the Executive Council of Nova Scotia. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_16

Being the head of government in Nova Scotia, the premier exercises a substantial amount of power. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_17

Hon. James B. Uniacke was the first Premier of Nova Scotia and led the government from 1848 to 1854. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_18

The current Premier, Stephen McNeil, was sworn in as premier on October 22, 2013, Hon. Stephen McNeil became the 28th Premier of the Province of Nova Scotia since Confederation. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_19

Premier McNeil was elected Leader of the Nova Scotia Liberal Party in 2007. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_20

Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia Government of Nova Scotia_section_2

Further information: Monarchy in Nova Scotia Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_21

The functions of the Sovereign, Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, and known in Nova Scotia as the Queen in Right of Nova Scotia, are exercised by the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_22

The Lieutenant Governor is appointed by the Governor General of Canada on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Canada, in consultation with the Premier of Nova Scotia. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_23

In the case of unconstitutional actions, the Lieutenant Governor has the power to dismiss a government by refusing a decision of the Executive Council. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_24

This power is rarely used as it would disrupt the affairs of the elected government. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_25

The Executive Branch Government of Nova Scotia_section_3

The Executive branch is referred to as the government. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_26

The Executive Council, also called the Cabinet, makes the final decision for the Government of Nova Scotia. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_27

It is responsible for the operations and management of government as well as for making key policy decisions. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_28

The Executive Council is made up of Ministers, also called MLAs (Members in the Legislative Assembly). Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_29

They are chosen by the Premier and appointed by the Lieutenant Governor. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_30

Finance Government of Nova Scotia_section_4

The Nova Scotia government ended 2010-2011 with a surplus of $569 million and reduced its debt to $12.8 billion, down $217.8 million. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_31

The Nova Scotia government projects total revenues for 2018-2019 to be $10.810 billion. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_32

Expenses for fiscal year 2018-2019 are budgeted at $10.781 billion. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_33

The government budget for 2018–2019 projects a surplus of $29.4 million Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_34

Ministries Government of Nova Scotia_section_5

Departments Government of Nova Scotia_section_6

Government of Nova Scotia_unordered_list_0

  • Department of AgricultureGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_0
  • Department of BusinessGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_1
  • Department of Communities, Culture and HeritageGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_2
    • Acadian AffairsGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_3
    • African Nova Scotian AffairsGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_4
    • Gaelic AffairsGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_5
  • Department of BusinessGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_6
  • Department of Community ServicesGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_7
  • Department of Education and Early Childhood DevelopmentGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_8
  • Department of Energy and MinesGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_9
  • Department of EnvironmentGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_10
  • Department of Finance and Treasury BoardGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_11
  • Department of Fisheries and AquacultureGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_12
  • Department of Health and WellnessGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_13
  • Department of Intergovernmental AffairsGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_14
  • Department of JusticeGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_15
  • Department of Labour and Advanced EducationGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_16
  • Department of Lands and ForestryGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_17
  • Department of Municipal Affairs and HousingGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_18
  • Department of SeniorsGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_19
  • Department of Service Nova Scotia and Internal ServicesGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_20
  • Department of Transportation and Infrastructure RenewalGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_0_21

Offices and agencies Government of Nova Scotia_section_7

Government of Nova Scotia_unordered_list_1

  • Communications Nova ScotiaGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_22
  • Executive Council OfficeGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_23
  • Emergency Management OfficeGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_24
  • Office of Aboriginal AffairsGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_25
  • Office of the Fire MarshalGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_26
  • Office of ImmigrationGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_27
  • Office of Regulatory Affairs and Service EffectivenessGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_28
  • Office of Workplace Mental HealthGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_29
  • Public Service CommissionGovernment of Nova Scotia_item_1_30

Outsourcing Government of Nova Scotia_section_8

In 2012 Nova Scotia signed a 10-year contract starting at $Cdn 8.4 million per year, with multinational information technology firm, IBM Canada to outsource the government's SAP information management system, which includes "payroll, procurement, human resources and other information from government departments, district health authorities, school boards, housing authorities and some municipal bodies. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_35

One hundred public sector jobs will be privatized in the first stage. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_36

Workers whose jobs were privatized would "earn 30 per cent less, with many fewer benefits" than in the public sector. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_37

The deal is worth approximately $100 million. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_38

There is a concern that IT outsourcing will spread throughout the government. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_39

Kevin Quigley, the director of Dalhousie University's School of Public Administration, argued that while outsourcing may cut costs but it also leads to a dependency on an external source and a loss of control over software, capacity-building and human resource development. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_40

IBM Canada will make Halifax a global delivery centre, with a potential for 500 employees by 2021. Government of Nova Scotia_sentence_41

See also Government of Nova Scotia_section_9

Government of Nova Scotia_unordered_list_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: of Nova Scotia.