Government of Nova Scotia
|Legislature||House of Assembly|
|Meeting place||Province House|
|Main body||Executive Council|
|Head of Government||Premier|
|Viceregal Representative||Lieutenant Governor|
Nova Scotia is one of Canada’s four Atlantic Provinces, and the second-smallest province by area.
The capital of the province, Halifax, is Nova Scotia's largest city and its political capital.
Halifax is where the Province House, Canada’s oldest legislative building, is located.
The Government of Nova Scotia consists of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial.
Its powers and structure are set out in the Constitution Act, 1867.
In modern Canadian use, the term "government" refers broadly to the cabinet of the day (formally the Executive Council of Nova Scotia), elected from the Nova Scotia House of Assembly and the non-political staff within each provincial department or agency – that is, the civil service.
In total 52 representatives are elected to serve the interests of the province.
The current government of the province is led by the Nova Scotia Liberal Party, headed by Premier Stephen McNeil who was sworn into office in October 2013.
The history of Canadian parliamentary institutions begins in Nova Scotia.
In 1758, it was granted an elected assembly, becoming the first Canadian colony to enjoy a representative political institution.
The representatives of Nova Scotia's House of Assembly were elected by a limited number of individuals who were required to own property and swear on certain oaths.
This changed in 1836 when political reformer Joseph Howe started the movement for Responsible Government.
Responsible Government is described as a government that is dependent on the support of an elected assembly instead of a monarch.Under the guidance of Joseph Howe, who lead the Reformers (Liberals), the first genuine political party appeared in the election of 1836.
Premier of Nova Scotia
The Premier, or First Minister, of Nova Scotia is the head of the Executive Council of Nova Scotia.
Being the head of government in Nova Scotia, the premier exercises a substantial amount of power.
Hon. James B. Uniacke was the first Premier of Nova Scotia and led the government from 1848 to 1854.
Premier McNeil was elected Leader of the Nova Scotia Liberal Party in 2007.
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
Further information: Monarchy in Nova Scotia
In the case of unconstitutional actions, the Lieutenant Governor has the power to dismiss a government by refusing a decision of the Executive Council.
This power is rarely used as it would disrupt the affairs of the elected government.
The Executive Branch
The Executive branch is referred to as the government.
The Executive Council, also called the Cabinet, makes the final decision for the Government of Nova Scotia.
It is responsible for the operations and management of government as well as for making key policy decisions.
The Executive Council is made up of Ministers, also called MLAs (Members in the Legislative Assembly).
They are chosen by the Premier and appointed by the Lieutenant Governor.
The Nova Scotia government ended 2010-2011 with a surplus of $569 million and reduced its debt to $12.8 billion, down $217.8 million.
The Nova Scotia government projects total revenues for 2018-2019 to be $10.810 billion.
Expenses for fiscal year 2018-2019 are budgeted at $10.781 billion.
The government budget for 2018–2019 projects a surplus of $29.4 million
- Department of Agriculture
- Department of Business
- Department of Communities, Culture and Heritage
- Acadian Affairs
- African Nova Scotian Affairs
- Gaelic Affairs
- Department of Business
- Department of Community Services
- Department of Education and Early Childhood Development
- Department of Energy and Mines
- Department of Environment
- Department of Finance and Treasury Board
- Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture
- Department of Health and Wellness
- Department of Intergovernmental Affairs
- Department of Justice
- Department of Labour and Advanced Education
- Department of Lands and Forestry
- Department of Municipal Affairs and Housing
- Department of Seniors
- Department of Service Nova Scotia and Internal Services
- Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal
Offices and agencies
- Communications Nova Scotia
- Executive Council Office
- Emergency Management Office
- Office of Aboriginal Affairs
- Office of the Fire Marshal
- Office of Immigration
- Office of Regulatory Affairs and Service Effectiveness
- Office of Workplace Mental Health
- Public Service Commission
In 2012 Nova Scotia signed a 10-year contract starting at $Cdn 8.4 million per year, with multinational information technology firm, IBM Canada to outsource the government's SAP information management system, which includes "payroll, procurement, human resources and other information from government departments, district health authorities, school boards, housing authorities and some municipal bodies.
One hundred public sector jobs will be privatized in the first stage.
Workers whose jobs were privatized would "earn 30 per cent less, with many fewer benefits" than in the public sector.
The deal is worth approximately $100 million.
There is a concern that IT outsourcing will spread throughout the government.
Kevin Quigley, the director of Dalhousie University's School of Public Administration, argued that while outsourcing may cut costs but it also leads to a dependency on an external source and a loss of control over software, capacity-building and human resource development.
IBM Canada will make Halifax a global delivery centre, with a potential for 500 employees by 2021.
- Politics of Nova Scotia
- 2017 Nova Scotia general election
- Broadband for Rural Nova Scotia initiative
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government of Nova Scotia.