Grammy Award

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For the award recognizing achievement in the Latin music industry, see Latin Grammy Award. Grammy Award_sentence_0

For the classical music award presented by Gramophone magazine, see Gramophone Award. Grammy Award_sentence_1

Grammy Award_table_infobox_0

Grammy AwardGrammy Award_header_cell_0_0_0
Awarded forGrammy Award_header_cell_0_1_0 Outstanding achievements in the music industryGrammy Award_cell_0_1_1
CountryGrammy Award_header_cell_0_2_0 United StatesGrammy Award_cell_0_2_1
Presented byGrammy Award_header_cell_0_3_0 The Recording AcademyGrammy Award_cell_0_3_1
First awardedGrammy Award_header_cell_0_4_0 May 4, 1959; 61 years ago (1959-05-04) (as Gramophone Award)Grammy Award_cell_0_4_1
WebsiteGrammy Award_header_cell_0_5_0 Grammy Award_cell_0_5_1
Television/radio coverageGrammy Award_header_cell_0_6_0
NetworkGrammy Award_header_cell_0_7_0 NBC (1959–1970)

ABC (1971–1972) CBS (1973–present)Grammy Award_cell_0_7_1

The Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or just Grammy, is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. Grammy Award_sentence_2

The trophy depicts a gilded gramophone. Grammy Award_sentence_3

The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. Grammy Award_sentence_4

The Grammys are the first and biggest award of the Big Three networks' major music awards held annually (between the American Music Awards in fall, and Billboard Music Awards in summer). Grammy Award_sentence_5

It is considered one of the four major annual American entertainment awards, along with the Academy Awards (film), the Emmy Awards (television), and the Tony Awards (theater and Broadway). Grammy Award_sentence_6

The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Grammy Award_sentence_7

Following the 2011 ceremony, the Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012. Grammy Award_sentence_8

The 62nd Annual Grammy Awards were held on January 26, 2020, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. Grammy Award_sentence_9

History Grammy Award_section_0

The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s. Grammy Award_sentence_10

As the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would not earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard. Grammy Award_sentence_11

The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. Grammy Award_sentence_12

After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of what to call it; one working title was the Eddie, to honor the inventor of the phonograph, Thomas Edison. Grammy Award_sentence_13

They eventually settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. Grammy Award_sentence_14

The first award ceremony was held simultaneously in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, and Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, and 28 Grammys were awarded. Grammy Award_sentence_15

The number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. Grammy Award_sentence_16

The second Grammy Awards, also held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971. Grammy Award_sentence_17

Gramophone trophy Grammy Award_section_1

The gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado. Grammy Award_sentence_18

In 1990, the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Grammy Award_sentence_19

Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, which is trademarked. Grammy Award_sentence_20

The trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast. Grammy Award_sentence_21

By February 2009, a total of 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded. Grammy Award_sentence_22

Categories Grammy Award_section_2

Main article: List of Grammy Award categories Grammy Award_sentence_23

The "General Field" are four awards which are not restricted by genre. Grammy Award_sentence_24

Grammy Award_unordered_list_0

  • Album of the Year is awarded to the performer, songwriter(s), and the production team of a full album if other than the performer.Grammy Award_item_0_0
  • Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer.Grammy Award_item_0_1
  • Song of the Year is awarded to the songwriter(s) of a single song.Grammy Award_item_0_2
  • Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist (which is not necessarily their first proper release).Grammy Award_item_0_3

Of the three artists who won all four awards, two of them won all four at once: Christopher Cross in 1981, and Billie Eilish in 2020 making her the youngest artist to do so at the age of 18. Grammy Award_sentence_25

Adele won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017. Grammy Award_sentence_26

Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Grammy Award_sentence_27

Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry. Grammy Award_sentence_28

Because of the large number of award categories (78 in 2012, 81 in 2013 and 82 in 2014), and the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - typically about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres (i.e. pop, rock, country, rap) - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. Grammy Award_sentence_29

The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast "Premiere Ceremony" earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. Grammy Award_sentence_30

2012 category restructuring Grammy Award_section_3

Since 2012 Grammy Award_section_4

Since 2012 there have been a small number of adjustments made to the list of categories and genre fields. Grammy Award_sentence_31

The number of categories has gone up from 78 in 2012 to 84 since 2017. Grammy Award_sentence_32

In 2020, during the George Floyd protests, several urban, rap, and Latin music categories were renamed. Grammy Award_sentence_33

Entry process and selection of nominees Grammy Award_section_5

Media companies registered with the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences and individual members of NARAS (artists and other professionals working in the industry who meet certain criteria) may enter recordings for consideration. Grammy Award_sentence_34

Entries are made online and a physical copy of the work is sent to NARAS. Grammy Award_sentence_35

Once a work is entered, reviewing sessions are held, involving more than 150 experts from the recording industry, to determine whether the work is entered in the correct category. Grammy Award_sentence_36

The resulting lists of eligible entries are circulated to Voting Members, each of whom may vote to nominate in the general fields (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) and in no more than nine out of 30 other fields on their ballots. Grammy Award_sentence_37

The five recordings that earn the most votes in each category become the nominees, while in some categories (craft and specialized categories) there are review committees in place that determine the final 5 nominees. Grammy Award_sentence_38

There may be more than five nominees if there is a tie in the nomination process. Grammy Award_sentence_39

Whereas members of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences are generally invited to screenings or are sent DVDs of films nominated for Oscars, NARAS members do not receive nominated recordings. Grammy Award_sentence_40

Instead, they receive access to a private online listening function. Grammy Award_sentence_41

Final voting Grammy Award_section_6

After nominees have been determined, final voting ballots are sent to NARAS voting members, who may then vote in the general fields and in no more than nine of the 30 fields. Grammy Award_sentence_42

Members are encouraged, but not required, to vote only in their fields of expertise. Grammy Award_sentence_43

Ballots are tabulated secretly by the major independent accounting firm Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu. Grammy Award_sentence_44

Following the tabulation of votes the winners are announced at the Grammy Awards. Grammy Award_sentence_45

The recording with the most votes in a category wins and it is possible to have a tie (in which case the two or more nominees who tie are all considered winners). Grammy Award_sentence_46

Winners are presented with the Grammy Award and those who do not win are given a medal for their nomination. Grammy Award_sentence_47

In both voting rounds, Academy members are required to vote based upon quality alone, and not to be influenced by sales, chart performance, personal friendships, regional preferences or company loyalty. Grammy Award_sentence_48

The acceptance of gifts is prohibited. Grammy Award_sentence_49

Members are urged to vote in a manner that preserves the integrity of the Academy and their member community. Grammy Award_sentence_50

Although registered media companies may submit entries they may not vote in either round of voting. Grammy Award_sentence_51

The eligibility period for the 63rd Annual Grammy Awards is September 1, 2019, to August 31, 2020. Grammy Award_sentence_52

Certificates Grammy Award_section_7

In many categories, certificates are awarded to those who are not eligible for a Grammy statuette but who did contribute to the winning recording. Grammy Award_sentence_53

These certificates are known as Participation Certificate or Winners Certificate. Grammy Award_sentence_54

Those who are eligible for a certificate can apply for one in the weeks following the annual Grammy ceremony. Grammy Award_sentence_55

Grammy Legend Grammy Award_section_8

Main article: Grammy Legend Award Grammy Award_sentence_56

A special Grammy Award of merit is awarded intermittently to recognize "ongoing contributions and influence in the recording field". Grammy Award_sentence_57

It has been called the Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Living Legend Award at different ceremonies. Grammy Award_sentence_58

As of 2018, only fourteen solo musicians and one band have received this award. Grammy Award_sentence_59

Salute to Industry Icons Award Grammy Award_section_9

The Salute to Industry Icons Award honors those who have made innovate contributions to the music industry. Grammy Award_sentence_60

Recipients include: Grammy Award_sentence_61

Grammy Award_unordered_list_1

In Memoriam Grammy Award_section_10

In past decades, the remarks given by the president of The Recording Academy has been followed by an In Memoriam segment. Grammy Award_sentence_62

The segment was aired during the last hour of the broadcast and was later preceded by the final commercial break of the broadcast. Grammy Award_sentence_63

Venue Grammy Award_section_11

Main article: List of Grammy Award ceremony locations Grammy Award_sentence_64

Prior to 1971 the Grammy Award ceremonies were held in different locations on the same day. Grammy Award_sentence_65

Originally New York City and Los Angeles were the host cities. Grammy Award_sentence_66

Chicago joined being a host city in 1962, and then Nashville became the fourth location in 1965. Grammy Award_sentence_67

The 1971 ceremony, held at the Hollywood Palladium in Los Angeles, was the first to take place in one location. Grammy Award_sentence_68

The ceremony was then moved to Madison Square Garden's Felt Forum in New York City, and then Nashville's Tennessee Theatre in the following two years. Grammy Award_sentence_69

Then from 1974 to 2003, the Grammys were held in various venues in New York City and Los Angeles. Grammy Award_sentence_70

Notable locations included New York City's Madison Square Garden and Radio City Music Hall; and Los Angeles’ Shrine Auditorium, the Staples Center and the Hollywood Palladium. Grammy Award_sentence_71

In 2000, the Staples Center became the permanent home of the award ceremonies. Grammy Award_sentence_72

The Grammy Museum was built across the street from Staples Center in LA Live to preserve the history of the Grammy Awards. Grammy Award_sentence_73

Embedded on the sidewalks at the museum streets are bronze disks, similar to the Hollywood Walk of Fame, honoring each year's top winners, Record of the Year, Best New Artist, Album of the Year, and Song of the Year. Grammy Award_sentence_74

Since 2000, the Grammy Awards have only take place outside of Los Angeles twice, with New York City's Madison Square Garden hosting the awards in 2003 and in 2018. Grammy Award_sentence_75

The annual awards ceremony at the Staples Center forces sports teams such as Los Angeles Kings, Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles Clippers and Los Angeles Sparks to play an extended length of road games. Grammy Award_sentence_76

Leading winners Grammy Award_section_12

Main article: Grammy Award records Grammy Award_sentence_77

With 31 Grammy Awards, Sir Georg Solti is the artist with the most Grammy wins. Grammy Award_sentence_78

Alison Krauss is the biggest winner among female artists with 27 awards. Grammy Award_sentence_79

U2, with 22 Grammy Awards, holds the record for most awards won by a group. Grammy Award_sentence_80

Criticism Grammy Award_section_13

The Grammy Awards has received criticism from prominent recording artists and music journalists. Grammy Award_sentence_81

Commercialism Grammy Award_section_14

When Pearl Jam won a Grammy in the category Best Hard Rock Performance in 1996, the band's lead singer Eddie Vedder commented on stage: "I don't know what this means. Grammy Award_sentence_82

I don't think it means anything." Grammy Award_sentence_83

Glen Hansard, leader of the Irish rock group The Frames, stated in 2008 that the Grammys represent something outside of the real world of music "that's fully industry based". Grammy Award_sentence_84

He said he wasn't that interested in attending that year's ceremony, even though he had been nominated for two awards. Grammy Award_sentence_85

Maynard James Keenan, lead singer of progressive rock band Tool, did not attend the Grammy Awards ceremony to receive one of their awards. Grammy Award_sentence_86

He explained his reasons: Grammy Award_sentence_87

They have also been criticized for generally awarding or nominating more commercially successful albums rather than critically successful ones. Grammy Award_sentence_88

In 1991, Sinead O'Connor became the first musician to refuse a Grammy, boycotting the ceremony after being nominated for Record of the Year, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, and Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Performance. Grammy Award_sentence_89

O'Connor would go on to win the latter category. Grammy Award_sentence_90

She said that her reasoning came from the Grammys' extreme commercialism. Grammy Award_sentence_91

Artist Snubs Grammy Award_section_15

The Grammys have been constantly criticized for snubbing awards and nominations from certain artists. Grammy Award_sentence_92

At the 38th Annual Grammy Awards, artist Mariah Carey was nominated for six awards for her album Daydream, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year for her single "One Sweet Day". Grammy Award_sentence_93

While critics believed Carey would be "cleaning up" that year, Carey ultimately lost all her nominations that night much to the shock of critics and Carey herself. Grammy Award_sentence_94

In 2011, Los Angeles Times journalist Randall Roberts criticised the exclusion of Kanye West's My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy from Album of the Year category nominations for the 54th Grammy Awards. Grammy Award_sentence_95

He described West's album as "the most critically acclaimed album of the year, a career-defining record". Grammy Award_sentence_96

Roberts went on to criticize the Grammy Awards for being "mired in the past" and out of touch with "new media" and trends amongst music listeners such as , stating: Grammy Award_sentence_97

In an article for Time, journalist Touré also responded to the snub and expressed his general displeasure with the awards, stating "I don't pretend to understand the Grammys. Grammy Award_sentence_98

I have never been able to discern a consistent logic around who gets nominated or who gets statues. Grammy Award_sentence_99

I comprehend the particular logic of the Oscars, but not the big awards for music. Grammy Award_sentence_100

My normal state of confusion around what drives Grammy decisions was exponentialized this week when, to the shock of many, Kanye's masterpiece My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy was not nominated for a Grammy for Album of the Year." Grammy Award_sentence_101

He went on to compare understanding the Grammy Awards to Kremlinology and commented on The Recording Academy's exclusion of more "mature" hip hop albums as Album of the Year nominees, noting that it occasionally opts to nominate "pop-friendly" hip hop albums instead. Grammy Award_sentence_102

In a 2011 profile for The New York Times following the 53rd Grammy Awards, frontman Justin Vernon of indie band Bon Iver was asked his opinion of the Grammys and how he would react to a nomination for his group, to which he responded: Grammy Award_sentence_103

He reaffirmed this sentiment and commented about the Grammys, saying: Grammy Award_sentence_104

Bon Iver subsequently received four nominations in November for the 54th Grammy Awards. Grammy Award_sentence_105

After winning the award, Vernon said in his acceptance, "It's really hard to accept this award. Grammy Award_sentence_106

There's so much talent out here [...] and there's a lot of talent that's not here tonight. Grammy Award_sentence_107

It's also hard to accept because you know, when I started to make songs I did it for the inherent reward of making songs, so I'm a little bit uncomfortable up here." Grammy Award_sentence_108

In his article "Everything Is Praised Again", Jon Caramanica of The New York Times criticized Grammy voters for being "conservative" and disregarding more "forward-looking" music, and wrote in response to the 54th Grammy Awards, "for the umpteenth time, the Grammys went with familiarity over risk, bestowing album of the year honors (and several more) on an album that reinforced the values of an older generation suspicious of change." Grammy Award_sentence_109

He cited the Grammy successes of Lauryn Hill's The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (1998), Norah Jones' Come Away with Me (2003), and Adele's 21 (2011) as examples of "the Grammys dropp[ing] a boatload of awards on a young female singer-songwriter and her breakthrough album". Grammy Award_sentence_110

Of Kanye West's absence from the ceremony, Caramanica stated, "He didn't even bother to show up for the broadcast, which was well enough, because hip-hop was almost completely marginalized." Grammy Award_sentence_111

In an article for The Huffington Post, music executive and author Steve Stoute criticized the Recording Academy and the Grammy Awards for having "lost touch with contemporary popular culture" and noted "two key sources" for it: "(1) over-zealousness to produce a popular show that is at odds with its own system of voting and (2) fundamental disrespect of cultural shifts as being viable and artistic." Grammy Award_sentence_112

Stoute accused them of snubbing artists with more cultural impact, citing respective losses by the critical and commercial successes in Eminem's The Marshall Mathers LP (2000) and Kanye West's Graduation (2007) in the Album of the Year category, and stated: Grammy Award_sentence_113

In 2020, Canadian artist Abel Tesfaye, known by his stage name as The Weeknd was completely shut out from the Grammys when his fourth studio album, After Hours, received zero nominations at The 63rd Annual Grammy Awards. Grammy Award_sentence_114

This comes to a complete shock to critics, fans, and Tesfaye himself, who's had a successful run in 2020 with the success of both his album and the single "Blinding Lights". Grammy Award_sentence_115

Tesfaye responded via social media calling the Grammys "corrupt". Grammy Award_sentence_116

Speculation arose that the recent announcement of his upcoming Super Bowl performance as well as the discrepancy of being nominated as pop music versus R&B contributed to the snubs. Grammy Award_sentence_117

Harvey Mason Jr. responded by saying: Grammy Award_sentence_118

Formatting Grammy Award_section_16

The Grammys' eligibility period – which runs from October 1 to September 30 each year – is also a perennial source of complaints and confusion. Grammy Award_sentence_119

Because records that are released in the last quarter of a given year are not eligible for that year's awards (the submissions and first round ballots are underway at that time), fans often think a favorite artist has been snubbed (e.g., Adele, whose 25 was released in November 2015 and so was not nominated that year despite massive sales). Grammy Award_sentence_120

Conversely, the same issue means that the Grammys often recognize work that no longer feels current by the time it wins. Grammy Award_sentence_121

Taylor Swift's 1989, for example, won Album of the Year in 2016, even though the album was released in October 2014. Grammy Award_sentence_122

The same was the case with Adele’s 25. Grammy Award_sentence_123

It was released in November 2015 but received the award in 2017. Grammy Award_sentence_124

Accusations of racial bias Grammy Award_section_17

Main article: Accusations of racial bias in Grammy Awards Grammy Award_sentence_125

The Grammys have also been accused of being unfavorable and racist to black recording artists. Grammy Award_sentence_126

Canadian artist Drake accused the awards in a 2017 interview of seeing him only as a rapper and not as a pop-music artist due to his previous work and heritage. Grammy Award_sentence_127

He criticized the snubbing of "One Dance" for the prestigious award of Record of the Year and the nomination of "Hotline Bling" for Best Rap Song and Best Rap/Sung Performance despite it not being a rap song. Grammy Award_sentence_128

The Atlantic's Spencer Kornhaber accused the Grammys of "sidelining a black visionary work in favor of a white traditionalist one". Grammy Award_sentence_129

Drake did not attend the 2017 Awards Ceremony where he was nominated. Grammy Award_sentence_130

He had a performance in Manchester, England on February 12, 2017, the same night as the ceremony. Grammy Award_sentence_131

Frank Ocean was vocal about boycotting the same Grammy Awards and did not submit his album for awards consideration as a protest. Grammy Award_sentence_132

The Grammys were also criticized after the 59th Annual Grammy Awards when Adele's 25 won Album of the Year over Beyoncé's album Lemonade, which many music publications felt should have won the award. Grammy Award_sentence_133

Steve Knopper of Rolling Stone magazine believed that she lost due to the Grammy voters being all white males and as well as for her pro-Black performance during the Super Bowl 50 halftime show. Grammy Award_sentence_134

USA Today also criticized Beyoncé's loss stating that "black artists have struggled to win album of the year". Grammy Award_sentence_135

They also felt 25 won only due to the album's record-breaking sales rather than having a cultural significance and a large impact that Lemonade had in 2016. Grammy Award_sentence_136

Adele also expressed that Lemonade should have won over her for Album of the Year, stating in her acceptance speech: Grammy Award_sentence_137

In 2019, for the first time, rap artists won major award nominations outside the rap categories when Childish Gambino won the first Song and Record of the Year awards ever for a rap song. Grammy Award_sentence_138

Issues with female artists Grammy Award_section_18

The Grammys have also received criticism for their treatment of female artists. Grammy Award_sentence_139

Notably at the 60th Grammy Awards, New Zealand singer Lorde made media headlines after turning down an offer to perform at the ceremony. Grammy Award_sentence_140

She rumored that she was invited to perform alongside several other artists in a tribute to Tom Petty but was refused a solo slot, despite being nominated for the Album of the Year Award and stated that each of the male nominees were allowed solo performances. Grammy Award_sentence_141

Lorde's mother also criticized the Grammys, pointing out an article which stated that only nine percent of nominees at the previous six Grammy Awards were women. Grammy Award_sentence_142

Following the 60th ceremony, many media outlets reported that the ceremony had failed women, specifically pointing to the most nominated female artist SZA who did not win in any of her five nominated categories and to the Best Pop Solo Performance category which was composed of four female nominees but won by Ed Sheeran. Grammy Award_sentence_143

In an interview, Neil Portnow, President of the Recording Academy attracted controversy by stating that female artists need to "step up" in order to win awards. Grammy Award_sentence_144

Portnow's comments drew criticism from many female musicians including Pink, Katy Perry, Vanessa Carlton, Sheryl Crow, Iggy Azalea, Halsey and Charli XCX. Grammy Award_sentence_145

They also prompted the hashtag #GrammysSoMale on social media. Grammy Award_sentence_146

Before the 61st Annual Grammy Awards singer Ariana Grande decided to not perform and attend that years ceremony over a disagreement about the song choices for her performance. Grammy Award_sentence_147

An anonymous source told Variety that Grande felt "insulted" when producers refused to allow the singer perform her latest single "7 Rings". Grammy Award_sentence_148

They compromised by having her perform the song as part of a medley, but the condition that the producers choose the second song caused Grande to pull out of the show. Grammy Award_sentence_149

The source said the same stipulations were not imposed on the other performers. Grammy Award_sentence_150

A few days later, Grande accused Grammy producer Ken Ehrlich for lying about why she dropped out of the show. Grammy Award_sentence_151

Ehrlich had said that Grande "felt it was too late for her to pull something together". Grammy Award_sentence_152

Grande responded: Grammy Award_sentence_153

Despite the controversy, Grande ended up winning Best Pop Vocal Album and in 2020 performed at the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards when she was nominated for five awards, including Album of the Year but won none. Grammy Award_sentence_154

2020 controversy Grammy Award_section_19

Recording Academy CEO Deborah Dugan was placed on leave, after a complaint of bullying from a member of staff (according to an anonymous New York Times source), on January 16, 2020, ten days before the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards. Grammy Award_sentence_155

Dugan had lodged a complaint internally alleging a broken system of voting that was subject to conflicts of interest, and spending that was unnecessary. Grammy Award_sentence_156

On the nominations for the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, Dugan stated that the voting process was an "outrageous conflict of interest" with several nominated artists sitting on the voting boards of their prospective categories. Grammy Award_sentence_157

She claimed that "one artist who initially ranked 18 out of 20 in the 2019 'Song of the Year' category ended up with a nomination". Grammy Award_sentence_158

She also claimed that a few artists like Ed Sheeran and Ariana Grande had the votes to be nominated for the category, but were ultimately omitted. Grammy Award_sentence_159

in 2020, comedy star Tiffany Haddish turned down the invitation to host the 63rd Grammy pre-telecast premier ceremony when they said that she'd have to pay her own way through. Grammy Award_sentence_160

In an exclusive interview with Variety, Haddish revealed that she was told to cover cover the cost of hairdo, makeup and wardrobe for the three-hour event further adding “I don’t know if this might mean I might not get nominated ever again, but I think it’s disrespectful.” When contacted, The Recording Academy explained that the Premiere Ceremony is not a CBS program and is hosted by the Academy — a not-for-profit organization meaning that artists, hosts and performers have to perform gratis every year. Grammy Award_sentence_161

They also noted that the issue would have no impact in Haddish's future nomination. Grammy Award_sentence_162

TV broadcasts and ratings Grammy Award_section_20

Prior to the first live Grammys telecast in 1971 on ABC, a series of filmed annual specials in the 1960s called The Best on Record were broadcast on NBC. Grammy Award_sentence_163

The first Grammy Award telecast took place on the night of November 29, 1959, as an episode of the NBC anthology series NBC Sunday Showcase, which was normally devoted to plays, original TV dramas, and variety shows. Grammy Award_sentence_164

Until 1971, awards ceremonies were held in both New York and Los Angeles, with winners accepting at one of the two. Grammy Award_sentence_165

Pierre Cossette bought the rights to broadcast the ceremony from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences and organized the first live telecast. Grammy Award_sentence_166

CBS bought the rights in 1973 after moving the ceremony to Nashville, Tennessee; the American Music Awards were created for ABC (by the late Dick Clark) as a result. Grammy Award_sentence_167

The Recording Academy announced on June 21, 2011, that it had reached a new deal with CBS to keep the awards show on the network for another 10 years. Grammy Award_sentence_168

As part of the new contract, the network would also air a "nominations concert" special in the last week of November where the nominees are released during the special that is exclusive to CBS, rather than the traditional early-morning press conference with a release of the nominations seen with most major awards ceremonies which any network takes as part of a press pool. Grammy Award_sentence_169

This was pulled off after the 2016 concert due to low ratings and criticism about the announcement format, and as of the 2017 nominations, they are revealed during a roundtable conversation about the nominations with Recording Academy representatives during CBS This Morning. Grammy Award_sentence_170

In 2016, the Grammys became the first awards show to be broadcast live in all U.S. territories, and for decades, alongside the Academy Awards, Primetime Emmy Awards and Tony Awards, have aired live in more than 150 countries worldwide. Grammy Award_sentence_171

From 2004 to 2019, the Grammys were held on the second Sunday of February (the week after the Super Bowl), with two exceptions: if that day was February 14 (Valentine's Day), it was moved to the following day; if it was a Winter Olympics year, it was held earlier on the last Sunday of January (the week before the Super Bowl). Grammy Award_sentence_172

Starting in 2020, the Academy Awards ceremony will move back to the second Sunday of February, forcing the Grammys to move back to the last Sunday of January to avoid a conflict with either the Oscars or the Super Bowl. Grammy Award_sentence_173

To allow sufficient time for preparation, the cutoff date for eligible recordings will move from September 30 to August 31. Grammy Award_sentence_174

This change means the eligibility period for the 2020 awards is eleven months (October 1, 2018 – August 31, 2019), a month shorter than usual. Grammy Award_sentence_175

Viewership by year Grammy Award_section_21

Grammy Award_table_general_1

YearGrammy Award_header_cell_1_0_0 Viewers (Millions)Grammy Award_header_cell_1_0_1 Rating/Share (Households)Grammy Award_header_cell_1_0_2 Average Ad Price (30s)Grammy Award_header_cell_1_0_3 Source(s)Grammy Award_header_cell_1_0_4
1974Grammy Award_cell_1_1_0 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_1_1 30.3/52Grammy Award_cell_1_1_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_1_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_1_4
1975Grammy Award_cell_1_2_0 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_2_1 16.4/30Grammy Award_cell_1_2_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_2_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_2_4
1976Grammy Award_cell_1_3_0 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_3_1 23.8/47Grammy Award_cell_1_3_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_3_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_3_4
1977Grammy Award_cell_1_4_0 28.86Grammy Award_cell_1_4_1 21.3/38Grammy Award_cell_1_4_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_4_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_4_4
1978Grammy Award_cell_1_5_0 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_5_1 26.6/44Grammy Award_cell_1_5_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_5_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_5_4
1979Grammy Award_cell_1_6_0 31.31Grammy Award_cell_1_6_1 21.9/34Grammy Award_cell_1_6_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_6_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_6_4
1980Grammy Award_cell_1_7_0 32.39Grammy Award_cell_1_7_1 23.9/39Grammy Award_cell_1_7_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_7_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_7_4
1981Grammy Award_cell_1_8_0 28.57Grammy Award_cell_1_8_1 21.2/34Grammy Award_cell_1_8_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_8_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_8_4
1982Grammy Award_cell_1_9_0 24.02Grammy Award_cell_1_9_1 18.2/29Grammy Award_cell_1_9_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_9_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_9_4
1983Grammy Award_cell_1_10_0 30.86Grammy Award_cell_1_10_1 25.6/33Grammy Award_cell_1_10_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_10_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_10_4
1984Grammy Award_cell_1_11_0 51.67Grammy Award_cell_1_11_1 30.8/45Grammy Award_cell_1_11_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_11_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_11_4
1985Grammy Award_cell_1_12_0 37.12Grammy Award_cell_1_12_1 23.8/35Grammy Award_cell_1_12_2 N/AGrammy Award_cell_1_12_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_12_4
1986Grammy Award_cell_1_13_0 30.39Grammy Award_cell_1_13_1 20.3/32Grammy Award_cell_1_13_2 $205,500Grammy Award_cell_1_13_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_13_4
1987Grammy Award_cell_1_14_0 27.91Grammy Award_cell_1_14_1 18.3/27Grammy Award_cell_1_14_2 $264,200Grammy Award_cell_1_14_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_14_4
1988Grammy Award_cell_1_15_0 32.76Grammy Award_cell_1_15_1 21.1/33Grammy Award_cell_1_15_2 $299,900Grammy Award_cell_1_15_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_15_4
1989Grammy Award_cell_1_16_0 23.57Grammy Award_cell_1_16_1 16.0/26Grammy Award_cell_1_16_2 $318,300Grammy Award_cell_1_16_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_16_4
1990Grammy Award_cell_1_17_0 28.83Grammy Award_cell_1_17_1 18.9/31Grammy Award_cell_1_17_2 $330,600Grammy Award_cell_1_17_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_17_4
1991Grammy Award_cell_1_18_0 28.89Grammy Award_cell_1_18_1 18.8/31Grammy Award_cell_1_18_2 $319,200Grammy Award_cell_1_18_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_18_4
1992Grammy Award_cell_1_19_0 23.10Grammy Award_cell_1_19_1 16.2/27Grammy Award_cell_1_19_2 $352,900Grammy Award_cell_1_19_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_19_4
1993Grammy Award_cell_1_20_0 29.87Grammy Award_cell_1_20_1 19.9/31Grammy Award_cell_1_20_2 $401,500Grammy Award_cell_1_20_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_20_4
1994Grammy Award_cell_1_21_0 23.69Grammy Award_cell_1_21_1 16.1/24Grammy Award_cell_1_21_2 $407,700Grammy Award_cell_1_21_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_21_4
1995Grammy Award_cell_1_22_0 17.27Grammy Award_cell_1_22_1 11.8/19Grammy Award_cell_1_22_2 $399,100Grammy Award_cell_1_22_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_22_4
1996Grammy Award_cell_1_23_0 21.50Grammy Award_cell_1_23_1 14.6/23Grammy Award_cell_1_23_2 $304,800Grammy Award_cell_1_23_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_23_4
1997Grammy Award_cell_1_24_0 19.21Grammy Award_cell_1_24_1 13.4/22Grammy Award_cell_1_24_2 $346,300Grammy Award_cell_1_24_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_24_4
1998Grammy Award_cell_1_25_0 25.04Grammy Award_cell_1_25_1 17.0/27Grammy Award_cell_1_25_2 $315,600Grammy Award_cell_1_25_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_25_4
1999Grammy Award_cell_1_26_0 24.88Grammy Award_cell_1_26_1 16.6/26Grammy Award_cell_1_26_2 $472,000Grammy Award_cell_1_26_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_26_4
2000Grammy Award_cell_1_27_0 27.79Grammy Award_cell_1_27_1 17.3/27Grammy Award_cell_1_27_2 $505,500Grammy Award_cell_1_27_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_27_4
2001Grammy Award_cell_1_28_0 26.65Grammy Award_cell_1_28_1 16.7/26Grammy Award_cell_1_28_2 $574,000Grammy Award_cell_1_28_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_28_4
2002Grammy Award_cell_1_29_0 18.96Grammy Award_cell_1_29_1 11.9/19Grammy Award_cell_1_29_2 $573,900Grammy Award_cell_1_29_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_29_4
2003Grammy Award_cell_1_30_0 24.82Grammy Award_cell_1_30_1 14.7/23Grammy Award_cell_1_30_2 $610,300Grammy Award_cell_1_30_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_30_4
2004Grammy Award_cell_1_31_0 26.29Grammy Award_cell_1_31_1 15.7/24Grammy Award_cell_1_31_2 $654,600Grammy Award_cell_1_31_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_31_4
2005Grammy Award_cell_1_32_0 18.80Grammy Award_cell_1_32_1 11.6/18Grammy Award_cell_1_32_2 $703,900Grammy Award_cell_1_32_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_32_4
2006Grammy Award_cell_1_33_0 17.00Grammy Award_cell_1_33_1 10.9/17Grammy Award_cell_1_33_2 $675,900Grammy Award_cell_1_33_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_33_4
2007Grammy Award_cell_1_34_0 20.05Grammy Award_cell_1_34_1 12.1/19Grammy Award_cell_1_34_2 $557,300Grammy Award_cell_1_34_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_34_4
2008Grammy Award_cell_1_35_0 17.18Grammy Award_cell_1_35_1 10.3/16Grammy Award_cell_1_35_2 $572,700Grammy Award_cell_1_35_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_35_4
2009Grammy Award_cell_1_36_0 19.04Grammy Award_cell_1_36_1 10.3/16Grammy Award_cell_1_36_2 $592,000Grammy Award_cell_1_36_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_36_4
2010Grammy Award_cell_1_37_0 25.80Grammy Award_cell_1_37_1 TBDGrammy Award_cell_1_37_2 $426,000Grammy Award_cell_1_37_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_37_4
2011Grammy Award_cell_1_38_0 26.55Grammy Award_cell_1_38_1 10.0/25Grammy Award_cell_1_38_2 $630,000Grammy Award_cell_1_38_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_38_4
2012Grammy Award_cell_1_39_0 39.91Grammy Award_cell_1_39_1 14.1/32Grammy Award_cell_1_39_2 $768,000Grammy Award_cell_1_39_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_39_4
2013Grammy Award_cell_1_40_0 28.37Grammy Award_cell_1_40_1 10.1/25Grammy Award_cell_1_40_2 $850,000–$900,000+Grammy Award_cell_1_40_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_40_4
2014Grammy Award_cell_1_41_0 28.51Grammy Award_cell_1_41_1 9.9/25Grammy Award_cell_1_41_2 $800,000–$850,000Grammy Award_cell_1_41_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_41_4
2015Grammy Award_cell_1_42_0 25.30Grammy Award_cell_1_42_1 8.5/23Grammy Award_cell_1_42_2 $1,000,000Grammy Award_cell_1_42_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_42_4
2016Grammy Award_cell_1_43_0 24.95Grammy Award_cell_1_43_1 7.7/22Grammy Award_cell_1_43_2 $1,200,000Grammy Award_cell_1_43_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_43_4
2017Grammy Award_cell_1_44_0 26.05Grammy Award_cell_1_44_1 7.8/22Grammy Award_cell_1_44_2 Grammy Award_cell_1_44_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_44_4
2018Grammy Award_cell_1_45_0 19.80Grammy Award_cell_1_45_1 5.9/21Grammy Award_cell_1_45_2 Grammy Award_cell_1_45_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_45_4
2019Grammy Award_cell_1_46_0 19.88Grammy Award_cell_1_46_1 5.6/22Grammy Award_cell_1_46_2 Grammy Award_cell_1_46_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_46_4
2020Grammy Award_cell_1_47_0 Grammy Award_cell_1_47_1 Grammy Award_cell_1_47_2 Grammy Award_cell_1_47_3 Grammy Award_cell_1_47_4

The Grammys and record sales Grammy Award_section_22

When the televised Grammys came into renown in 1975, a relationship between Grammy Award winners and subsequent record sales began. Grammy Award_sentence_176

Many articles of Billboard magazine communicate the commercial impact of winning a Grammy—improved record sales. Grammy Award_sentence_177

However, it was not until after 1984 that Grammy recipients' records displayed a substantial increase in sales. Grammy Award_sentence_178

This was largely due to an agreement made by NARAS and the National Association of Record Merchandisers (NARM). Grammy Award_sentence_179

Under this agreement "record labels provided stickers, posters and other point-of-purchase material emblazoned 'Grammy Nominee' or 'Grammy Award Winner' that retailers could use in order to improve marketing effects." Grammy Award_sentence_180

See also Grammy Award_section_23

Grammy Award_unordered_list_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Award.