Halifax, Nova Scotia

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Halifax, Nova Scotia_table_infobox_0

HalifaxHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_1_0 CanadaHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_1_1
ProvinceHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_2_0 Nova ScotiaHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_2_1
Regional MunicipalityHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_3_0 April 1, 1996Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_3_1
CityHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_4_0 1842Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_4_1
TownHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_5_0 1749Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_5_1
Named forHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_6_0 George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of HalifaxHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_6_1
GovernmentHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_7_0
TypeHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_8_0 Regional MunicipalityHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_8_1
MayorHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_9_0 Mike SavageHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_9_1
Governing bodyHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_10_0 Halifax Regional CouncilHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_10_1
MPsHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_11_0 List of MPsHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_11_1
MLAsHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_12_0 List of MLAsHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_12_1
Area (2016)Halifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_13_0
MunicipalityHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_14_0 5,490.35 km (2,119.84 sq mi)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_14_1
UrbanHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_15_0 234.72 km (90.63 sq mi)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_15_1
Highest elevationHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_16_0 241.9 m (793.6 ft)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_16_1
Lowest elevationHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_17_0 0 m (0 ft)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_17_1
Population (2016)Halifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_18_0
MunicipalityHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_19_0 403,131Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_19_1
DensityHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_20_0 73.4/km (190/sq mi)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_20_1
UrbanHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_21_0 316,701Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_21_1
Urban densityHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_22_0 1,349.3/km (3,495/sq mi)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_22_1
Change 2011-2016Halifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_23_0 3.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_23_1
Census rankingHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_24_0 14 of 5,162Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_24_1
Demonym(s)Halifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_25_0 HaligonianHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_25_1
Time zoneHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_26_0 UTC−04:00 (AST)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_26_1
Summer (DST)Halifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_27_0 UTC−03:00 (ADT)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_27_1
Postal code spanHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_28_0 B0J ,B3A to B4GHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_28_1
Area codesHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_29_0 902, 782Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_29_1
Dwellings (2016)Halifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_30_0 187,338Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_30_1
Median IncomeHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_31_0 $54,129 CADHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_31_1
Total CoastlineHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_32_0 2,400 km (1,491 mi)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_32_1
NTS MapHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_33_0 011D13Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_33_1
GNBC CodeHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_34_0 CBUCGHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_34_1
WebsiteHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_0_35_0 Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_0_35_1

Halifax, formally known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_0

It had a population of 403,131 in 2016, with 316,701 in the urban area centred on Halifax Harbour. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_1

The regional municipality consists of four former municipalities that were amalgamated in 1996: Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford, and Halifax County. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_2

Halifax is a major economic centre in Atlantic Canada, with a large concentration of government services and private sector companies. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_3

Major employers and economic generators include the Department of National Defence, Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, the Halifax Shipyard, various levels of government, and the Port of Halifax. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_4

Agriculture, fishing, mining, forestry, and natural gas extraction are major resource industries found in the rural areas of the municipality. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_5

History Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_0

Main articles: History of the Halifax Regional Municipality; History of Halifax (former city); History of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia; Bedford, Nova Scotia; and Halifax County, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_6

Halifax is located within the traditional ancestral lands of the Mi'kmaq indigenous peoples, known as Mi'kma'ki. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_7

The Mi'kmaq have resided in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island since prior to European landings in North America in the 1400s and 1500s to set up fisheries. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_8

The Mi'kmaq name for Halifax is K'jipuktuk, pronounced "che-book-took". Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_9

The first permanent European settlement in the region was on the Halifax Peninsula. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_10

The establishment of the Town of Halifax, named after the 2nd Earl of Halifax, in 1749 led to the colonial capital being transferred from Annapolis Royal. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_11

The establishment of Halifax marked the beginning of Father Le Loutre's War. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_12

The war began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports and a sloop of war on June 21, 1749. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_13

By unilaterally establishing Halifax, the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mi'kmaq (1726), which were signed after Father Rale's War. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_14

Cornwallis brought along 1,176 settlers and their families. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_15

To guard against Mi'kmaq, Acadian and French attacks on the new Protestant settlements, British fortifications were erected in Halifax (Citadel Hill) (1749), Bedford (Fort Sackville) (1749), Dartmouth (1750), and Lawrencetown (1754), all areas within the modern-day Regional Municipality. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_16

St. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_17 Margaret's Bay was first settled by French-speaking Foreign Protestants at French Village, Nova Scotia who migrated from Lunenburg, Nova Scotia during the American Revolution. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_18

December 1917 saw one of the greatest disasters in Canadian history, when the SS Mont-Blanc, a French cargo ship carrying munitions, collided with the Belgian Relief vessel SS Imo in "The Narrows" between upper Halifax Harbour and Bedford Basin. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_19

The resulting explosion, the Halifax Explosion, devastated the Richmond District of Halifax, killing approximately 2,000 people and injuring nearly 9,000 others. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_20

The blast was the largest artificial explosion before the development of nuclear weapons. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_21

Significant aid came from Boston, strengthening the bond between the two coastal cities. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_22

The four municipalities in the Halifax urban area had been coordinating service delivery through the Metropolitan Authority since the late 1970s, but remained independent towns and cities until April 1, 1996, when the provincial government amalgamated all municipal governments within Halifax County to create the Halifax Regional Municipality. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_23

The municipal boundary thus now includes all of Halifax County except for several First Nation reserves. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_24

Since amalgamation, the region has officially been known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), although "Halifax" has remained in common usage for brevity. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_25

On April 15, 2014, the regional council approved the implementation of a new branding campaign for the region developed by the local firm Revolve Marketing. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_26

The campaign would see the region referred to in promotional materials simply as "Halifax", although "Halifax Regional Municipality" would remain the region's official name. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_27

The proposed rebranding was met with mixed reaction from residents, some of whom felt that the change would alienate other communities in the municipality through a perception that the marketing scheme would focus on Metropolitan Halifax only, while others expressed relief that the longer formal name would no longer be primary. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_28

Mayor Mike Savage defended the decision, stating: "I'm a Westphal guy, I'm a Dartmouth man, but Halifax is my city, we're all part of Halifax. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_29

Why does that matter? Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_30

Because when I go and travel on behalf of this municipality, there isn't a person out there who really cares what HRM means." Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_31

Geography Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_1

Cityscape and neighbourhoods Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_2

Main article: Communities in the Halifax Regional Municipality Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_32

The Halifax Regional Municipality is an amalgamation of four municipal governments in the urban and rural areas. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_33

There are over 200 official rural and urban communities within Halifax County that have maintained their original geographic names, including the dissolved cities of Halifax and Dartmouth and the town of Bedford. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_34

These community names are used on survey and mapping documents, for 9-1-1 service, municipal planning, and postal service. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_35

The Halifax Regional Municipality is divided into eighteen community planning areas which are further divided into neighbourhoods or villages. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_36

The regional municipality has taken steps to reduce duplicate street names for its 9-1-1 emergency dispatch services; at the time of amalgamation, some street names were duplicated several times throughout the municipality. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_37

Halifax is famed for the quality of several of its neighbourhoods. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_38

Spring Garden, adjacent to downtown Halifax, is a lively mixed-use neighbourhood with a variety of shopping and entertainment options as well as the new Halifax Central Library. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_39

The area has seen an uptick in development over the past few years, with new housing being built on most of the surface parking lots. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_40

The North End is a multicultural and artistic neighbourhood with a long history centred on several community nodes including the venerable Göttingen Street and Hydrostone commercial areas. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_41

The Quinpool District forms the community centre of the West End. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_42

Downtown Dartmouth offers dining and shopping, and has also been subject to revitalization with the redevelopment of the Dartmouth Marine Slips as the King's Wharf housing area. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_43

North Preston, just outside Dartmouth, is Canada's largest and oldest black community. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_44

Halifax is also known for its high walkability, particularly on the Halifax Peninsula, where 25-50% of residents regularly walk to work. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_45

Unlike numerous other North American cities, expressways were never built in the urban core (with the exception of the truncated Harbour Drive), resulting in high pedestrian connectivity. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_46

Peninsular Halifax is also mixed-use, contributing to an elevated quality of urban convenience and vibrancy as compared to suburban districts with highly segregated land use and car-oriented transportation networks. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_47

In recent years, the city has also begun to place increased emphasis on developing bicycling infrastructure. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_48

Architecture Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_3

Main article: Buildings and structures in Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_49

Further information: List of tallest buildings in Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_50

Halifax's urban core is home to a number of regional landmark buildings and retains significant historic buildings and districts. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_51

Downtown office towers are overlooked by the fortress of Citadel Hill with its iconic Halifax Town Clock. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_52

The architecture of Halifax's South End is renowned for its grand Victorian houses while the West End and North End, Halifax have many blocks of well-preserved wooden residential houses with notable features such as the "Halifax Porch". Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_53

Dalhousie University's campus is often featured in films and documentaries. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_54

Surrounding areas of the municipality, including Dartmouth and Bedford, also possess their share of historic neighbourhoods and properties. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_55

The urban core is home to several blocks of typical North American high-rise office buildings; however, segments of the downtown are governed by height restrictions, known as "view planes legislation", which prevent buildings from obstructing certain sight lines between Citadel Hill and the Halifax Harbour. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_56

This has resulted in some modern high rises being built at unusual angles or locations. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_57

Public spaces Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_4

Main article: Parks in Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_58

The Halifax area has a variety of public spaces, ranging from urban gardens, public squares, expansive forested parks, and historic sites. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_59

The original grid plan devised when Halifax was founded in 1749 included a central military parade square, the Grand Parade. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_60

The square hosts the City Hall at one end, and is a popular site for concerts, political demonstrations, as well as the annual Remembrance Day ceremony at the central cenotaph. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_61

Another popular downtown public space is the timber Halifax Boardwalk, which stretches approximately 3 km (1.9 mi) and is integrated with several squares and monuments. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_62

The Halifax Common, granted for the use of citizens in 1763, is Canada's oldest public park. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_63

Centrally located on the Halifax peninsula, the wide fields are a popular location for sports. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_64

The slopes of Citadel Hill, overlooking downtown, are favoured by sunbathers and kite-flyers. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_65

The Halifax Public Gardens, a short walk away, are Victorian era public gardens formally established in 1867 and designated a National Historic Site in 1984. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_66

Victoria Park, across the street, contains various monuments and statues erected by the North British Society, as well as a fountain. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_67

In contrast to the urban parks, the expansive Point Pleasant Park at the southern tip of the peninsula is heavily forested and contains the remains of numerous British fortifications. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_68

Located on the opposite side of the harbour, the Dartmouth Commons is a large park next to Downtown Dartmouth laid out in the 1700s. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_69

It is home to the Leighton Dillman gardens and various sports grounds. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_70

Nearby, the Dartmouth waterfront trail stretches from Downtown Dartmouth to Woodside. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_71

Among residents of central Dartmouth, the area around Sullivan's Pond and Lake Banook is popular for strolling and paddling. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_72

The forested Shubie Park, through which the historic Shubenacadie Canal runs, is a major park in suburban Dartmouth. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_73

Mainland Halifax is home to several significant parks, including Sir Sandford Fleming Park, gifted to the people of Halifax by Sir Sandford Fleming. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_74

It houses the Dingle Tower, dedicated in 1912 by the Duke of Connaught to commemorate 150 years of representative government in Nova Scotia. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_75

The Mainland Common, in Clayton Park, is a modern park home to various sports and community facilities. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_76

Long Lake Provincial Park, comprising more than 2,000 hectares, was designated in 1984 and affords Halifax residents access to a scenic wilderness in close proximity to the city. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_77

Rural area Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_5

Halifax is centred on the urban core and surrounded by areas of decreasing population density. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_78

Rural areas lie to the east, west and north of the urban core. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_79

The Atlantic Ocean lies to the south. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_80

Certain rural communities on the urban fringe function as suburban or exurban areas, with the majority of those residents commuting to and working in the urban core. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_81

Farther away, rural communities in the municipality function like any resource-based area in Nova Scotia, being sparsely populated and their local economies based on four major resource industries: agriculture, in the Musquodoboit Valley, fishing, along the coast, mining, in the Musquodoboit Valley and in Moose River Gold Mines and forestry, in most areas outside the urban core. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_82

Also, the tourism industry is beginning to change how some rural communities in Halifax function, particularly in communities such as Hubbards, Peggys Cove, with its notable lighthouse and Lawrencetown, with Lawrencetown Beach. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_83

There are two other large beaches along the coast, Martinique Beach, near Musquodoboit Harbour and Taylor Head Beach, located in Spry Bay, within the boundaries of Taylor Head Provincial Park. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_84

The northeastern area of the municipality, centred on Sheet Harbour and the Musquodoboit Valley, is completely rural, with the area sharing more in common with the adjacent rural areas of neighbouring Guysborough, Pictou and Colchester counties. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_85

Most economic activity in the Musquodoboit Valley is based on agriculture, as it is the largest farming district in the municipality. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_86

Most coastal communities are based on the fishing industry. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_87

Forestry is active in this area as well. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_88

It is also prevalent in the Musquodoboit Valley, but it takes a backseat to the more prominent agricultural industry. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_89

Urban area Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_6

Metropolitan Halifax is the urban concentration surrounding Halifax Harbour, including the Halifax Peninsula, the core of Dartmouth, and the Bedford-Sackville areas. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_90

It is the Statistics Canada population-centre of Halifax; which spans 234.72 km (90.63 sq mi), and has 316,701 people. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_91

The dense urban core is centred on the Halifax Peninsula and the area of Dartmouth inside of the Circumferential Highway. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_92

The suburban area stretches into areas known as Mainland Halifax to the west, Cole Harbour to the east, and Bedford, Lower Sackville and Windsor Junction areas to the north. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_93

This urban area is the most populous on Canada's Atlantic coast, and the second-largest coastal population centre in the country after Vancouver, British Columbia. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_94

Metropolitan Halifax currently accounts for over 34 per cent of Nova Scotia's population, and over 13 per cent of Atlantic Canada. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_95

Metropolitan Halifax benefits from a process of increased rural depopulation and corresponding urban growth in Atlantic Canada during the late 20th century—a demographic shift that was delayed several decades in the region compared with other parts of North America. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_96

Regional centre Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_7

As of 2019, the Halifax regional centre includes the Halifax Peninsula, and Dartmouth inside the Circumferential Highway. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_97

The new inner-urban-area covers 33 km (13 sq mi) and has 96,619 people. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_98

The regional centre has many public services within its boundaries, and it hosts large entertainment venues (Scotiabank Centre), and major hospitals (Dartmouth General Hospital, the QEII Health Sciences Centre, and IWK Health Centre). Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_99

Culture Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_8

Main article: Culture of Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_100

Halifax is a major cultural centre within the Atlantic provinces. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_101

The city has maintained many of its maritime and military traditions, while opening itself to a growing multicultural population. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_102

The municipality's urban core also benefits from a large population of post-secondary students who strongly influence the local cultural scene. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_103

Halifax has a number of art galleries, theatres and museums, as well as most of the region's national-quality sports and entertainment facilities. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_104

Halifax is also the home to many of the region's major cultural attractions, such as Halifax Pop Explosion, Symphony Nova Scotia, the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, The Khyber, the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and the Neptune Theatre. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_105

The region is noted for the strength of its music scene and nightlife, especially in the central urban core. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_106

See List of musical groups from Halifax, Nova Scotia for a partial list. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_107

Halifax hosts a wide variety of festivals that take place throughout the year, including the Atlantic Film Festival, the Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo, the Halifax International Busker Festival, Greekfest, the Atlantic Jazz Festival, the Multicultural Festival, the largest Canada Day celebration east of Ottawa, Natal Day, the Halifax Pop Explosion, periodic Tall Ship events, Nocturne Festival, and Shakespeare by the Sea, to name a few. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_108

Halifax Pride is the largest LGBT event in Atlantic Canada and one of the largest in the country. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_109

Many of Halifax's festivals and annual events have become world-renowned over the past several years. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_110

Halifax is home to many performance venues, namely the Rebecca Cohn Auditorium, the Neptune Theatre, and The Music Room. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_111

The Neptune Theatre, a 43-year-old establishment located on Argyle Street, is Halifax's largest theatre. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_112

It performs an assortment of professionally produced plays year-round. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_113

The Shakespeare by the Sea theatre company performs at nearby Point Pleasant Park. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_114

Eastern Front Theatre performs at Alderney Landing in Downtown Dartmouth which can easily be accessed via the Halifax Transit ferry service. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_115

There are smaller performance venues at the Halifax Central Library, Citadel High School (Spatz Theatre), and Halifax West High School (Bella Rose Arts Centre). Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_116

Halifax has also become a significant film production centre, with many American and Canadian filmmakers using the streetscapes, often to stand in for other cities that are more expensive to work in. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_117

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation has its Atlantic Canada production centres (radio and television) based in Halifax, and quite a number of radio and television programs are made in the region for national broadcast. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_118

The new Halifax Central Library on Spring Garden Road has received accolades for its architecture and has been described as a new cultural locus, offering many community facilities including a 300-seat auditorium. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_119

Tourism Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_9

Halifax's tourism industry showcases Nova Scotia's culture, scenery and coastline. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_120

There are several museums and art galleries in downtown Halifax. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_121

The Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21, an immigrant entry point prominent throughout the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, was opened to the public as a National Historic Site of Canada in 1999 and is the only national museum in the Atlantic provinces. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_122

The Maritime Museum of the Atlantic is a maritime museum containing extensive galleries including a large exhibit on the famous Titanic, over 70 small craft and a 200-foot (61 m) steamship CSS Acadia. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_123

In summertime the preserved World War II corvette HMCS Sackville operates as a museum ship and Canada's naval memorial. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_124

The Art Gallery of Nova Scotia is housed in a 150-year-old building containing nearly 19,000 works of art. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_125

The Black Cultural Centre for Nova Scotia in Dartmouth reflects the region's rich ethnic heritage. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_126

Halifax has numerous National Historic Sites, most notably Citadel Hill (Fort George). Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_127

Just outside the urban area, the iconic Peggys Cove is internationally recognized and receives more than 600,000 visitors a year. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_128

The waterfront in Downtown Halifax is the site of the Halifax Harbourwalk, a 3-kilometre (2 mi) boardwalk popular amongst tourists and locals alike. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_129

Many mid-sized ships dock here at one of the many wharfs. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_130

The harbourwalk is home to a Halifax Transit ferry terminal, hundreds of stores, Historic Properties, several office buildings, the Casino Nova Scotia, and several public squares where buskers perform, most prominently at the annual Halifax International Busker Festival every August. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_131

Downtown Halifax, home to many small shops and vendors, is a major shopping area. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_132

It is also home to several shopping centres, including Scotia Square, Barrington Place Shops, and Maritime Mall. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_133

Numerous malls on Spring Garden Road, including the Park Lane Mall, are also located nearby. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_134

The area is home to approximately 200 restaurants and bars, offering a wide array of world cuisines. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_135

There are also more than 60 sidewalk cafes that open in the summer months. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_136

The nightlife is made up of bars and small music venues as well as Casino Nova Scotia, a large facility built partially over the water. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_137

Cruise ships visit the province frequently. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_138

In 2015, the Port of Halifax welcomed 141 vessel calls with 222,309 passengers. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_139

Sports Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_10

Main article: Sport in Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_140

Halifax has various recreational areas, including ocean and lake beaches and rural and urban parks. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_141

It has a host of organized community intramural sports at various facilities. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_142

Public schools and post-secondary institutions offer varsity and intramural sports. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_143

The Scotiabank Centre is the largest arena in Atlantic Canada. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_144

It plays host to most of the major sporting events and concerts that visit Halifax and is home to several semi-professional sport franchises, including the Halifax Hurricanes of the NBL Canada and the Halifax Mooseheads of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League and the Halifax Thunderbirds of the National Lacrosse League. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_145

The Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo is held here every year. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_146

The facility is connected to the Downtown Halifax Link, and directly to the World Trade and Convention Centre. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_147

The region has hosted several major sporting events, including the 2003 World Junior Hockey Championship, 2003 Nokia Brier, the 2004 Women's World Ice Hockey Championships, the 2005 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials, and 2007 World Indoor Lacrosse Championship. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_148

From 1984 to 2007, the region was home to the CIS Men's Basketball Championship; the tournament was moved to Ottawa, Ontario, from 2008 to 2010 and returned to Halifax in 2011 and 2012. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_149

The 2008 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships was held between May 2 and 18, 2008, in Halifax and Quebec City. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_150

Halifax was selected in 2006 as the host city in Canada's bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games but withdrew on March 8, 2007, well before the November 9, 2007 selection date, citing financial uncertainties. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_151

In February 2011, the municipality hosted the 2011 Canada Winter Games. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_152

On May 26, 2013, the Halifax Mooseheads capped a 74-win season (going 74-7-3-1) by defeating the Portland Winterhawks 6–4 in the MasterCard Memorial Cup Final, earning their first Memorial Cup in the process. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_153

Halifax is also home to several rugby clubs, the Halifax Rugby Football Club, Halifax Tars, Dartmouth PigDogs, Riverlake Ramblers and the Eastern Shore Rugby Football Club. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_154

The Halifax Gaels are the local Hurling and Gaelic Football team that compete in Canadian GAA events. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_155

The city is also home to HFX Wanderers FC, a professional soccer club that competes in the Canadian Premier League. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_156

Media Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_11

Main article: Media in Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_157

Halifax is the Atlantic region's central point for radio broadcast and press media. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_158

CBC Television, CTV Television Network (CTV), and Global Television Network and other broadcasters all have important regional television concentrators in HRM. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_159

CBC Radio has a major regional studio and there are also regional hubs for Rogers Radio and various private broadcast franchises, as well as a regional bureau for The Canadian Press/Broadcast News. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_160

Halifax's print media is centred on its single daily newspaper, the broadsheet Chronicle Herald as well as two free newspapers, the daily commuter-oriented edition of Metro International and the free alternative arts weekly The Coast. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_161

Frank provides the municipality with a bi-weekly satirical and gossip magazine. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_162

The city has several online daily newspapers. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_163

allNovaScotia is a daily, subscriber-only outlet which focuses on business and political news from across the province. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_164

HalifaxToday is a free news website, owned by Village Media, which originated from the now-defunct Local Xpress outlet created by the journalists of the Chronicle Herald during a 2016–2017 strike. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_165

The Halifax Examiner was founded by the former news editor of The Coast in 2014 and, like allNovaScotia, is supported through subscriptions. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_166

From 1974 to 2008, Halifax had a second daily newspaper, the tabloid The Daily News, which still publishes several neighbourhood weekly papers such as The Bedford-Sackville Weekly News, The Halifax West-Clayton Park Weekly News and the Dartmouth-Cole Harbour Weekly News. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_167

These weekly papers compete with The Chronicle-Herald's weekly Community Heralds HRM West, HRM East, and HRM North. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_168

Demographics Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_12

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Halifax Regional Municipality recorded a population of 403,131 living in 173,324 of its 187,338 total private dwellings, a change of 3.3% from its 2011 population of 390,086, and it had a population density of 73.4/km (190.2/sq mi) in 2016. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_169

As of 2016, the population-centre (Urban Area) of Halifax encompassed 234.72 km (90.63 sq mi), and housed 316,701 people. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_170

The population density of the population-centre was approximately 1,349.3/km (3,494.6/sq mi). Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_171

In 2016, 15% of the population was 14 years old or younger, while 16% were 65 and older. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_172

Mother tongue language (2016) Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_173

Halifax, Nova Scotia_table_general_1

LanguageHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_1_0_0 PopulationHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_1_0_1 Pct (%)Halifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_1_0_2
EnglishHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_1_0 353,165Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_1_1 89.6%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_1_2
FrenchHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_2_0 10,140Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_2_1 2.6%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_2_2
ArabicHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_3_0 6,430Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_3_1 1.6%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_3_2
MandarinHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_4_0 3,950Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_4_1 1.0%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_4_2
Tagalog (Filipino)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_5_0 1,420Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_5_1 0.4%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_5_2
SpanishHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_6_0 1,375Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_6_1 0.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_6_2
GermanHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_7_0 1,205Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_7_1 0.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_7_2
RussianHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_8_0 1,150Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_8_1 0.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_8_2
Persian (Farsi)Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_9_0 1,145Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_9_1 0.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_1_9_2

Ethnic origins Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_13

Halifax, Nova Scotia_table_general_2

Canada 2016 CensusHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_2_0_0 PopulationHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_2_0_2 % of Total PopulationHalifax, Nova Scotia_header_cell_2_0_3
Visible minority group

Source:Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_1_0

BlackHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_1_1 15,090Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_1_2 3.8%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_1_3
ArabHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_2_0 7,335Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_2_1 1.8%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_2_2
ChineseHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_3_0 6,975Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_3_1 1.8%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_3_2
South AsianHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_4_0 6,555Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_4_1 1.6%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_4_2
FilipinoHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_5_0 2,575Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_5_1 0.6%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_5_2
West AsianHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_6_0 1,390Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_6_1 0.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_6_2
KoreanHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_7_0 1,225Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_7_1 0.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_7_2
Latin AmericanHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_8_0 1,210Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_8_1 0.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_8_2
Southeast AsianHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_9_0 860Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_9_1 0.2%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_9_2
JapaneseHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_10_0 490Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_10_1 0.1%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_10_2
Other visible minorityHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_11_0 490Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_11_1 0.1%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_11_2
Mixed visible minorityHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_12_0 1,095Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_12_1 0.3%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_12_2
Total visible minority populationHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_13_0 45,285Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_13_2 11.4%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_13_3
Indigenous group

Source:Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_14_0

First NationsHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_14_1 7,880Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_14_2 2%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_14_3
MétisHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_15_0 6,905Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_15_1 1.7%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_15_2
InuitHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_16_0 405Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_16_1 0.1%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_16_2
Total Indigenous populationHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_17_0 15,735Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_17_2 4%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_17_3
European CanadianHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_18_0 336,375Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_18_2 84.6%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_18_3
Total populationHalifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_19_0 403,131Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_19_2 100%Halifax, Nova Scotia_cell_2_19_3

Religion Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_14

Halifax is a religiously diverse city with such landmark religious institutions as the New Horizons Baptist Church, St. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_174 George's (Round) Church, United Rockingham Church, St. Andrew's United Church, the Ummah Mosque and Community Centre, the Centre for Islamic Development, the Vedanta Ashram Hindu Temple, the Atlantic Theravada Buddhist Temple, The Maritime Sikh Society, the Beth Israel Synagogue, and the Shaar Shalom Synagogue. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_175

Halifax also houses the Atlantic School of Theology for religious studies. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_176

Breakdown: Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_177

Halifax, Nova Scotia_unordered_list_0

  • 71.49%: ChristianHalifax, Nova Scotia_item_0_0
  • 24.88%: noneHalifax, Nova Scotia_item_0_1
  • 1.96%: MuslimHalifax, Nova Scotia_item_0_2
  • 0.41%: BuddhistHalifax, Nova Scotia_item_0_3
  • 0.40%: HinduHalifax, Nova Scotia_item_0_4
  • 0.35%: JewishHalifax, Nova Scotia_item_0_5
  • 0.09%: SikhHalifax, Nova Scotia_item_0_6
  • 0.01%: Indigenous/TraditionalHalifax, Nova Scotia_item_0_7

Economy Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_15

Main article: Economy of Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_178

The urban area of Halifax is a major economic centre in eastern Canada with a large concentration of government services and private sector companies. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_179

Halifax serves as the business, banking, government and cultural centre for the Maritime region. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_180

The largest employment sectors in the city include trade (36,400 jobs), health care and social assistance (31,800 jobs), professional services (19,000 jobs), education (17,400 jobs), and public administration (15,800 jobs). Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_181

The Halifax economy is growing, with the Conference Board of Canada predicting strong 3.0% GDP growth for 2015. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_182

Major employers and economic generators include the Department of National Defence, the Port of Halifax, Irving Shipbuilding, the Nova Scotia Health Authority, IMP Group, Bell Aliant, Emera, the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, government, banks, and universities. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_183

The municipality has a growing concentration of manufacturing industries and is becoming a major multi-modal transportation hub through growth at the port, the Halifax Stanfield International Airport, and improving rail and highway connections. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_184

Halifax is one of Canada's top four container ports in terms of the volume of cargo handled. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_185

A real estate boom in recent years has led to numerous new property developments, including the gentrification of some former working-class areas. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_186

Agriculture, fishing, mining, forestry and natural gas extraction are major resource industries found in the rural areas of the municipality. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_187

Halifax's largest agricultural district is in the Musquodoboit Valley; the total number of farms in Halifax is 150, of which 110 are family-owned. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_188

Fishing harbours are located along all coastal areas with some having an independent harbour authority, such as the Sheet Harbour Industrial Port, and others being managed as small craft harbours under the federal Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_189

Other resource industries in Halifax include the natural gas fields off the coast of Sable Island, as well as clay, shale, gold, limestone, and gypsum extraction in rural areas of the mainland portion of the municipality. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_190

Limestone is extracted in the Musquodoboit Valley and gold is extracted in Moose River. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_191

Government Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_16

Main article: Government in the Halifax Regional Municipality Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_192

The Halifax Regional Municipality is governed by a mayor (elected at large) and a sixteen-person council. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_193

Councillors are elected by geographic district, with municipal elections occurring every four years. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_194

The current mayor of Halifax is Mike Savage. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_195

The Halifax Regional Council is responsible for all facets of municipal government, including the Halifax Regional Police, Halifax Public Libraries, Halifax Fire and Emergency, Halifax Regional Water Commission, parks and recreation, civic addressing, public works, waste management, and planning and development. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_196

The provincial legislation that provides governance oversight to the municipality is the Halifax Regional Municipality Charter. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_197

The city has a proposed operating budget of $869 million for 2015–2016. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_198

The city also has three community councils that consider local matters. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_199

Each community council comprises five or six regional councillors representing neighbouring districts. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_200

Most community council decisions are subject to final approval by regional council. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_201

As the capital city of Nova Scotia, Halifax is also the meeting place of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, the oldest assembly in Canada and the site of the first responsible government in British North America. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_202

The legislature meets in Province House, a nearly 200-year-old National Historic Site in downtown Halifax hailed as one of the finest examples of Palladian architecture in North America. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_203

Education Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_17

Main article: Education in Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_204

Halifax has a well-developed network of public and private schools, providing instruction from grade primary to grade twelve; 136 public schools are administered by the Halifax Regional School Board, while six public schools are administered by the Conseil scolaire acadien provincial. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_205

The city's fourteen private schools are operated independently. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_206

The municipality is also home to the following post-secondary educational institutions: Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, Mount Saint Vincent University, University of King's College, Atlantic School of Theology, NSCAD University, and Nova Scotia Community College, in addition to the Halifax campus of Université Sainte-Anne and several private institutions. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_207

The largest of these, Dalhousie University, is Atlantic Canada's premier research-intensive university ranking 7th in Maclean's and 228th in the world. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_208

This school is host to most of the province's professional schools while other institutions focus primarily though not exclusively on undergraduate education. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_209

The plethora of university and college students contributes to the vibrant youth culture in the region, as well as making it a major centre for university education in eastern Canada. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_210

Transportation Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_18

Main article: Transportation in Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_211

Halifax Harbour is a major port used by numerous shipping lines, administered by the Halifax Port Authority. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_212

The Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Coast Guard have major installations along prominent sections of coastline in both Halifax and Dartmouth. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_213

The harbour is also home to a public ferry service connecting downtown Halifax to two locations in Dartmouth. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_214

Sheet Harbour is the other major port in the municipality and serves industrial users on the Eastern Shore. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_215

The Halifax Port Authority's various shipping terminals constitute the eastern terminus of Canadian National Railway's transcontinental network. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_216

Via Rail Canada provides overnight passenger rail service from the Halifax Railway Station three days a week to Montreal with the Ocean, a train equipped with sleeper cars that stops in major centres along the way, such as Moncton. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_217

The Halifax Railway Station also serves as the terminus for Maritime Bus, which serves destinations across the Maritimes. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_218

Halifax Stanfield International Airport serves Halifax and most of the province, providing scheduled flights to domestic and international destinations. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_219

The airport served 4,083,188 passengers in 2017, making it Canada's eighth busiest airport by passenger traffic. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_220

Shearwater, part of CFB Halifax, is the air base for maritime helicopters employed by the Royal Canadian Navy and is located on the eastern side of Halifax Harbour. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_221

The urban core is linked by the Angus L. Macdonald and A. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_222 Murray MacKay suspension bridges, as well as the network of 100-series highways which function as expressways. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_223

The Armdale traffic circle is an infamous choke point for vehicle movement in the western part of the urban core, especially at rush hour. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_224

Public transit is provided by Halifax Transit, which operates standard bus routes, regional express bus routes, as well as the pedestrian-only Halifax-Dartmouth Ferry Service. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_225

Established in 1752, the municipality's ferry service is the oldest continuously running salt water ferry service in North America. Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_226

Sister cities Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_19

Halifax, Nova Scotia_unordered_list_1

  • Japan Hakodate, Japan (1982). The cities chose to twin because they both have star forts and are both maritime ports. Halifax has donated many fir trees to the annual Hakodate Christmas Fantasy festival.Halifax, Nova Scotia_item_1_8
  • Mexico Campeche, Mexico (1999). Campeche was chosen because, like Halifax, it is "a capital of a state" and is "a city of similar size to Halifax on or near the coast having rich historical tradition".Halifax, Nova Scotia_item_1_9
  • United_States Norfolk, Virginia, United States (2006). Norfolk was chosen because, like Halifax, its economy "depends heavily on the presence of the Armed Forces, and both cities are very proud of their military history".Halifax, Nova Scotia_item_1_10

Notable Haligonians Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_20

Main article: List of people from the Halifax Regional Municipality Halifax, Nova Scotia_sentence_227

See also Halifax, Nova Scotia_section_21

Halifax, Nova Scotia_unordered_list_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halifax, Nova Scotia.