Hand drum

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A hand drum is any type of drum that is typically played with the bare hand rather than a stick, mallet, hammer, or other type of beater. Hand drum_sentence_0

Types Hand drum_section_0

The following descriptions allude to traditional versions of the drums. Hand drum_sentence_1

Modern synthetic versions are available for most if not all of the drums listed through various manufacturers. Hand drum_sentence_2

Middle and Near East Hand drum_section_1

Hand drum_unordered_list_0

  • The tar is a frame drum common in Middle Eastern music.Hand drum_item_0_0
  • The tambourine is a frame drum with jingles attached to the shell.Hand drum_item_0_1
  • The daf and the dayereh are Iranian frame drums.Hand drum_item_0_2
  • The ghaval is the Azerbaijani frame drum.Hand drum_item_0_3
  • The tonbak is the Persian goblet drum.Hand drum_item_0_4
  • The doumbek is a goblet shaped drum used in Arabic, Jewish, Assyrian, Persian, Balkan, Greek, Armenian, Azeri and Turkish music.Hand drum_item_0_5
  • MirwasHand drum_item_0_6

Africa Hand drum_section_2

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  • The most common African drum known to westerners is the djembe, a large, single-headed drum with a goblet shape.Hand drum_item_1_7
  • The Ashiko is another African drum in the shape of a truncated cone. Similar to the Djembe it is rope strung. This drum is easily recognized as having straight sides (many actually have a slight curve but appear straight compared to most hand drums). The ashiko contrary to popular belief is traditionally mounted with wild game heads such as a gazzel. Most modern Ashikos are made with goat skin as a matter of convenience or legality. A more traditional-sounding Ashiko can be created using hand-picked goat skins that imitate the game skin or using deer skin (which requires more frequent tuning and maintenance). Ashiko drums are quite popular but less so than other types of hand drums and the difficulty in making sound like it should traditionally probably explains why they are less common. Most Ashikos found in common use have a non-traditional sound to them due to different skin types being used.Hand drum_item_1_8
  • Bougarabou are African drums with cow skin heads. The base of the drum is shorter than a djembe and the goblet shape less pronounced. (This is the believed by some to be the African traditional predecessor of the Conga.)Hand drum_item_1_9

Latin percussion Hand drum_section_3

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  • Congas and bongos are essential to all kinds of Latin American music, especially that of the Caribbean and South American regions, used in both folklore (punta, santeria, rumba, etc.) and popular music such as merengue, salsa, son, boleros, bachata, cumbia, latin jazz, and others.Hand drum_item_2_10
  • The Tambora, a two-sided drum played with both a stick and a hand, is essential to the merengue dance of Dominican Republic.Hand drum_item_2_11
  • The pandero or plenera, is a percussion instrument included in the group of frame drums. A set of these hand drums from Puerto Rico is usually performed in plena music. There are three sizes, primo or requinto (for playing solos), segundo or seguidor, and tercero or tumbador (for playing a fixed rhythm).Hand drum_item_2_12
  • The maracas and timbales are widely played in popular music.Hand drum_item_2_13
  • The cajón is a box-shaped percussion instrument originating from Peru, primarily played in Afro-Peruvian music, as well as contemporary styles of flamenco and jazz.Hand drum_item_2_14

Far East and India Hand drum_section_4

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  • Tabla are central to Indian music.Hand drum_item_3_15
  • The mridangam takes the main spot in Indian classical (Carnatic) music.Hand drum_item_3_16
  • Kanjiras accompany the mridangam in carnatic music.Hand drum_item_3_17
  • Răbāna or Raban, Gáta Béra, Yak Béra and Udákkiya are used in Sri Lankan music.Hand drum_item_3_18
  • One drum head in Daŭla is played by hand, which is again used in Sri Lanka.Hand drum_item_3_19
  • Dhōlki is used both in Sri Lanks and India.Hand drum_item_3_20
  • Klong yao is the Thai "long drum" which is shaped like an elongated or stretched goblet and rope tuned.Hand drum_item_3_21
  • The tsuzumi(kotsuzumi) and the ōtsuzumi are Japanese hand drums, used in traditional Noh and Kabuki theaters.Hand drum_item_3_22

Europe Hand drum_section_5

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  • The Irish Bodhrán is sometimes played with the bare hand.Hand drum_item_4_23


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hand drum.