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For the film, see Hardcover (film). Hardcover_sentence_0

A hardcover or hardback (also known as hardbound, and sometimes as case-bound) book is one bound with rigid protective covers (typically of binder's board or heavy paperboard covered with buckram or other cloth, heavy paper, or occasionally leather). Hardcover_sentence_1

It has a flexible, sewn spine which allows the book to lie flat on a surface when opened. Hardcover_sentence_2

Following the ISBN sequence numbers, books of this type may be identified by the abbreviation Hbk. Hardcover_sentence_3

Hardcover books are often printed on acid-free paper, and they are much more durable than paperbacks, which have flexible, easily damaged paper covers. Hardcover_sentence_4

Hardcover books are marginally more costly to manufacture. Hardcover_sentence_5

Hardcovers are frequently protected by artistic dust jackets, but a "jacketless" alternative has increased in popularity: these "paper-over-board" or "jacketless hardcover" bindings forgo the dust jacket in favor of printing the cover design directly onto the board binding. Hardcover_sentence_6

Marketing Hardcover_section_0

If brisk sales are anticipated, a hardcover edition of a book is typically released first, followed by a "trade" paperback edition (same format as hardcover) the next year. Hardcover_sentence_7

Some publishers publish paperback originals if slow hardback sales are anticipated. Hardcover_sentence_8

For very popular books these sales cycles may be extended, and followed by a mass market paperback edition typeset in a more compact size and printed on thinner, less hardy paper. Hardcover_sentence_9

This is intended to, in part, prolong the life of the immediate buying boom that occurs for some best sellers: After the attention to the book has subsided, a lower-cost version in the paperback, is released to sell further copies. Hardcover_sentence_10

In the past the release of a paperback edition was one year after the hardback, but by the early twenty-first century paperbacks were released six months after the hardback by some publishers. Hardcover_sentence_11

It is very unusual for a book that was first published in paperback to be followed by a hardback. Hardcover_sentence_12

An example is the novel The Judgment of Paris by Gore Vidal, which had its revised edition of 1961 first published in paperback, and later in hardcover. Hardcover_sentence_13

Prices Hardcover_section_1

Hardcover books are usually sold at higher prices than comparable paperbacks. Hardcover_sentence_14

Books for the general public are usually printed in hardback only for authors who are expected to be successful, or as a precursor to the paperback to predict sale levels; however, many academic books are often only published in hardcover editions. Hardcover_sentence_15

Typical structure Hardcover_section_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardcover.