Harvard University

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"Harvard" redirects here. Harvard University_sentence_0

For other uses, see Harvard (disambiguation). Harvard University_sentence_1

Harvard University_table_infobox_0

Harvard UniversityHarvard University_table_caption_0
Former namesHarvard University_header_cell_0_0_0 Harvard CollegeHarvard University_cell_0_0_1
MottoHarvard University_header_cell_0_1_0 Veritas (Latin)Harvard University_cell_0_1_1
Motto in EnglishHarvard University_header_cell_0_2_0 TruthHarvard University_cell_0_2_1
TypeHarvard University_header_cell_0_3_0 Private research universityHarvard University_cell_0_3_1
EstablishedHarvard University_header_cell_0_4_0 1636; 384 years ago (1636)Harvard University_cell_0_4_1
Academic affiliationsHarvard University_header_cell_0_5_0 NAICU

AICUM AAU URA Space-grantHarvard University_cell_0_5_1

EndowmentHarvard University_header_cell_0_6_0 $41.9 billion (2020)Harvard University_cell_0_6_1
PresidentHarvard University_header_cell_0_7_0 Lawrence BacowHarvard University_cell_0_7_1
Academic staffHarvard University_header_cell_0_8_0 ~2,400 faculty members (and >10,400 academic appointments in affiliated teaching hospitals)Harvard University_cell_0_8_1
StudentsHarvard University_header_cell_0_9_0 20,970 (Fall 2019)Harvard University_cell_0_9_1
UndergraduatesHarvard University_header_cell_0_10_0 6,755 (Fall 2019)Harvard University_cell_0_10_1
PostgraduatesHarvard University_header_cell_0_11_0 14,215 (Fall 2019)Harvard University_cell_0_11_1
LocationHarvard University_header_cell_0_12_0 Cambridge, Massachusetts, United StatesHarvard University_cell_0_12_1
CampusHarvard University_header_cell_0_13_0 Urban

209 acres (85 ha)Harvard University_cell_0_13_1

NewspaperHarvard University_header_cell_0_14_0 The Harvard CrimsonHarvard University_cell_0_14_1
ColorsHarvard University_header_cell_0_15_0 CrimsonHarvard University_cell_0_15_1
AthleticsHarvard University_header_cell_0_16_0 NCAA Division IIvy LeagueHarvard University_cell_0_16_1
NicknameHarvard University_header_cell_0_17_0 Harvard CrimsonHarvard University_cell_0_17_1
WebsiteHarvard University_header_cell_0_18_0 Harvard University_cell_0_18_1

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Harvard University_sentence_2

Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and among the most prestigious in the world. Harvard University_sentence_3

The Massachusetts colonial legislature, the General Court, authorized Harvard's founding. Harvard University_sentence_4

In its early years, Harvard College primarily trained Congregational and Unitarian clergy, although it has never been formally affiliated with any denomination. Harvard University_sentence_5

Its curriculum and student body were gradually secularized during the 18th century, and by the 19th century, Harvard had emerged as the central cultural establishment among Boston elites. Harvard University_sentence_6

Following the American Civil War, President Charles William Eliot's long tenure (1869–1909) transformed the college and affiliated professional schools into a modern research university; Harvard became a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900. Harvard University_sentence_7

James B. Conant led the university through the Great Depression and World War II; he liberalized admissions after the war. Harvard University_sentence_8

The university is composed of ten academic faculties plus the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Harvard University_sentence_9

Arts and Sciences offers study in a wide range of academic disciplines for undergraduates and for graduates, while the other faculties offer only graduate degrees, mostly professional. Harvard University_sentence_10

Harvard has three main campuses: the 209-acre (85 ha) Cambridge campus centered on Harvard Yard; an adjoining campus immediately across the Charles River in the Allston neighborhood of Boston; and the medical campus in Boston's Longwood Medical Area. Harvard University_sentence_11

Harvard's endowment is valued at $41.9 billion, making it the largest of any academic institution. Harvard University_sentence_12

Endowment income helps enable the undergraduate college to admit students regardless of financial need and provide generous financial aid with no loans. Harvard University_sentence_13

The Harvard Library is the world's largest academic library system, comprising 79 individual libraries holding about 20.4 million items. Harvard University_sentence_14

Harvard has more alumni, faculty, and researchers who have won Nobel Prizes (161) and Fields Medals (18) than any other university in the world and more alumni who have been members of the U.S. Harvard University_sentence_15 Congress, MacArthur Fellows, Rhodes Scholars (375), and Marshall Scholars (255) than any other university in the United States. Harvard University_sentence_16

Its alumni also include eight U.S. presidents and 188 living billionaires, the most of any university. Harvard University_sentence_17

Fourteen Turing Award laureates have been Harvard affiliates. Harvard University_sentence_18

Students and alumni have also won 10 Academy Awards, 48 Pulitzer Prizes, and 108 Olympic medals (46 gold), and they have founded many notable companies. Harvard University_sentence_19

History Harvard University_section_0

Main article: History of Harvard University Harvard University_sentence_20

Colonial Harvard University_section_1

Harvard was established in 1636 by vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Harvard University_sentence_21

In 1638, it acquired British North America's first known printing press. Harvard University_sentence_22

In 1639, it was named Harvard College after deceased clergyman John Harvard, an alumnus of the University of Cambridge who had left the school £779 and his library of some 400 volumes. Harvard University_sentence_23

The charter creating the Harvard Corporation was granted in 1650. Harvard University_sentence_24

A 1643 publication gave the school's purpose as "to advance learning and perpetuate it to posterity, dreading to leave an illiterate ministry to the churches when our present ministers shall lie in the dust." Harvard University_sentence_25

It trained many Puritan ministers in its early years and offered a classic curriculum based on the English university model‍—‌many leaders in the colony had attended the University of Cambridge‍—‌but conformed to the tenets of Puritanism. Harvard University_sentence_26

Harvard has never affiliated with any particular denomination, though many of its earliest graduates went on to become clergymen in Congregational and Unitarian churches. Harvard University_sentence_27

Increase Mather served as president from 1681 to 1701. Harvard University_sentence_28

In 1708, John Leverett became the first president who was not also a clergyman, marking a turning of the college away from Puritanism and toward intellectual independence. Harvard University_sentence_29

19th century Harvard University_section_2

In the 19th century, Enlightenment ideas of reason and free will were widespread among Congregational ministers, putting those ministers and their congregations in tension with more traditionalist, Calvinist parties. Harvard University_sentence_30

When Hollis Professor of Divinity David Tappan died in 1803 and President Joseph Willard died a year later, a struggle broke out over their replacements. Harvard University_sentence_31

Henry Ware was elected to the Hollis chair in 1805, and the liberal Samuel Webber was appointed to the presidency two years later, signaling the shift from the dominance of traditional ideas at Harvard to the dominance of liberal, Arminian ideas. Harvard University_sentence_32

Charles William Eliot, president 1869–1909, eliminated the favored position of Christianity from the curriculum while opening it to student self-direction. Harvard University_sentence_33

Though Eliot was the crucial figure in the secularization of American higher education, he was motivated not by a desire to secularize education but by Transcendentalist Unitarian convictions influenced by William Ellery Channing and Ralph Waldo Emerson. Harvard University_sentence_34

20th century Harvard University_section_3

In the 20th century, Harvard's reputation grew as a burgeoning endowment and prominent professors expanded the university's scope. Harvard University_sentence_35

Rapid enrollment growth continued as new graduate schools were begun and the undergraduate college expanded. Harvard University_sentence_36

Radcliffe College, established in 1879 as the female counterpart of Harvard College, became one of the most prominent schools for women in the United States. Harvard University_sentence_37

Harvard became a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900. Harvard University_sentence_38

The student body in the early decades of the century was predominantly "old-stock, high-status Protestants, especially Episcopalians, Congregationalists, and Presbyterians." Harvard University_sentence_39

A 1923 proposal by President A. Harvard University_sentence_40 Lawrence Lowell that Jews be limited to 15% of undergraduates was rejected, but Lowell did ban blacks from freshman dormitories. Harvard University_sentence_41

President James B. Conant reinvigorated creative scholarship to guarantee Harvard's preeminence among research institutions. Harvard University_sentence_42

He saw higher education as a vehicle of opportunity for the talented rather than an entitlement for the wealthy, so Conant devised programs to identify, recruit, and support talented youth. Harvard University_sentence_43

In 1943, he asked the faculty to make a definitive statement about what general education ought to be, at the secondary as well as at the college level. Harvard University_sentence_44

The resulting Report, published in 1945, was one of the most influential manifestos in 20th century American education. Harvard University_sentence_45

Between 1945 and 1960, admissions were opened up to bring in a more diverse group of students. Harvard University_sentence_46

No longer drawing mostly from select New England prep schools, the undergraduate college became accessible to striving middle class students from public schools; many more Jews and Catholics were admitted, but few blacks, Hispanics, or Asians. Harvard University_sentence_47

Throughout the rest of the 20th century, Harvard became more diverse. Harvard University_sentence_48

Harvard's graduate schools began admitting women in small numbers in the late 19th century. Harvard University_sentence_49

During World War II, students at Radcliffe College (which since 1879 had been paying Harvard professors to repeat their lectures for women) began attending Harvard classes alongside men. Harvard University_sentence_50

Women were first admitted to the medical school in 1945. Harvard University_sentence_51

Since 1971, Harvard has controlled essentially all aspects of undergraduate admission, instruction, and housing for Radcliffe women. Harvard University_sentence_52

In 1999, Radcliffe was formally merged into Harvard. Harvard University_sentence_53

21st century Harvard University_section_4

Drew Gilpin Faust, previously the dean of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, became Harvard's first woman president on July 1, 2007. Harvard University_sentence_54

She was succeeded by Lawrence Bacow on July 1, 2018. Harvard University_sentence_55

Campuses Harvard University_section_5

Cambridge Harvard University_section_6

Harvard's 209-acre (85 ha) main campus is centered on Harvard Yard in Cambridge, about 3 miles (5 km) west-northwest of downtown Boston, and extends into the surrounding Harvard Square neighborhood. Harvard University_sentence_56

Harvard Yard itself contains key administrative offices such as University Hall and Massachusetts Hall; libraries such as Widener, Pusey, Houghton, and Lamont; Memorial Church; academic buildings such as Sever Hall and Harvard Hall; and most freshman dormitories. Harvard University_sentence_57

Sophomore, junior, and senior undergraduates live in twelve residential houses, nine of which are south of Harvard Yard along or near the Charles River. Harvard University_sentence_58

The other three are located in a residential neighborhood half a mile northwest of the Yard at the Quadrangle (commonly referred to as the "Quad") which housed Radcliffe College students until Radcliffe merged its residential system with Harvard. Harvard University_sentence_59

Each residential house is a community with undergraduates, faculty deans, and resident tutors, as well as a dining hall, library, and recreational spaces. Harvard University_sentence_60

The houses were made possible by a gift from Yale University alumnus Edward Harkness. Harvard University_sentence_61

Radcliffe Yard, formerly the center of the campus of Radcliffe College and now home to Harvard's Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, is adjacent to the Graduate School of Education and the Cambridge Common. Harvard University_sentence_62

Harvard has several commercial real estate holdings in Cambridge. Harvard University_sentence_63

Allston Harvard University_section_7

See also: Harvard University's expansion in Allston, Massachusetts Harvard University_sentence_64

Harvard Business School, Harvard Innovation Labs, and many athletics facilities, including Harvard Stadium, are located on a 358-acre (145 ha) campus in Allston, a Boston neighborhood just across the Charles River from the Cambridge campus. Harvard University_sentence_65

The John W. Weeks Bridge, a pedestrian bridge over the Charles River, connects the two campuses. Harvard University_sentence_66

The university is actively expanding into Allston, where it now owns more land than in Cambridge. Harvard University_sentence_67

Plans include new construction and renovation for the Business School, a hotel and conference center, graduate student housing, Harvard Stadium, and other athletics facilities. Harvard University_sentence_68

In 2021, the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences will expand into a new, 500,000+ square foot Science and Engineering Complex (SEC) in Allston. Harvard University_sentence_69

The SEC will be adjacent to the Enterprise Research Campus, the Business School, and the Harvard Innovation Labs to encourage technology- and life science-focused startups as well as collaborations with mature companies. Harvard University_sentence_70

Longwood Harvard University_section_8

See also: Longwood Medical and Academic Area Harvard University_sentence_71

The Medical School, School of Dental Medicine, and the School of Public Health are located on a 21-acre (8.5 ha) campus in the Longwood Medical and Academic Area in Boston about 3.3 miles (5.3 km) south of the Cambridge campus. Harvard University_sentence_72

Several Harvard-affiliated hospitals and research institutes are also in Longwood, including Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Dana–Farber Cancer Institute, Joslin Diabetes Center, and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering. Harvard University_sentence_73

Additional affiliates, most notably Massachusetts General Hospital, are located throughout the Greater Boston area. Harvard University_sentence_74

Other Harvard University_section_9

Harvard also owns the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection in Washington, D.C., the Harvard Forest in Petersham, Massachusetts, the Concord Field Station in Estabrook Woods in Concord, Massachusetts, the Villa I Tatti research center in Florence, Italy, the Harvard Shanghai Center in Shanghai, China, and the Arnold Arboretum in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston. Harvard University_sentence_75

Organization and administration Harvard University_section_10

Governance Harvard University_section_11

Harvard is governed by a combination of its Board of Overseers and the President and Fellows of Harvard College (also known as the Harvard Corporation), which in turn appoints the President of Harvard University. Harvard University_sentence_76

There are 16,000 staff and faculty, including 2,400 professors, lecturers, and instructors. Harvard University_sentence_77

The Faculty of Arts and Sciences is the largest Harvard faculty and has primary responsibility for instruction in Harvard College, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and the Division of Continuing Education, which includes Harvard Summer School and Harvard Extension School. Harvard University_sentence_78

There are nine other graduate and professional faculties as well as the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Harvard University_sentence_79

Joint programs with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology include the Harvard–MIT Program in Health Sciences and Technology, the Broad Institute, The Observatory of Economic Complexity, and edX. Harvard University_sentence_80

Endowment Harvard University_section_12

Main article: Harvard University endowment Harvard University_sentence_81

Harvard has the largest university endowment in the world, valued at about $41.9 billion as of 2020. Harvard University_sentence_82

During the recession of 2007–2009, it suffered significant losses that forced large budget cuts, in particular temporarily halting construction on the Allston Science Complex. Harvard University_sentence_83

The endowment has since recovered. Harvard University_sentence_84

About $2 billion of investment income is annually distributed to fund operations. Harvard University_sentence_85

Harvard's ability to fund its degree and financial aid programs depends on the performance of its endowment; a poor performance in fiscal year 2016 forced a 4.4% cut in the number of graduate students funded by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Harvard University_sentence_86

Endowment income is critical, as only 22% of revenue is from students' tuition, fees, room, and board. Harvard University_sentence_87

Divestment Harvard University_section_13

See also: Financial endowment § Criticism and reforms Harvard University_sentence_88

Since the 1970s, several student-led campaigns have advocated divesting Harvard's endowment from controversial holdings, including investments in apartheid South Africa, Sudan during the Darfur genocide, and the tobacco, fossil fuel, and private prison industries. Harvard University_sentence_89

In the late 1980s, during the divestment from South Africa movement, student activists erected a symbolic "shantytown" on Harvard Yard and blockaded a speech by South African Vice Consul Duke Kent-Brown. Harvard University_sentence_90

The university eventually reduced its South African holdings by $230 million (out of $400 million) in response to the pressure. Harvard University_sentence_91

Academics Harvard University_section_14

Teaching and learning Harvard University_section_15

Harvard is a large, highly residential research university offering 50 undergraduate majors, 134 graduate degrees, and 32 professional degrees. Harvard University_sentence_92

For the 2018–2019 academic year, Harvard granted 1,665 baccalaureate degrees, 1,013 graduate degrees, and 5,695 professional degrees. Harvard University_sentence_93

Main article: Harvard College Harvard University_sentence_94

The four-year, full-time undergraduate program has a liberal arts and sciences focus. Harvard University_sentence_95

To graduate in the usual four years, undergraduates normally take four courses per semester. Harvard University_sentence_96

In most majors, an honors degree requires advanced coursework and a senior thesis. Harvard University_sentence_97

Though some introductory courses have large enrollments, the median class size is 12 students. Harvard University_sentence_98

Research Harvard University_section_16

Harvard is a founding member of the Association of American Universities and a preeminent research university with "very high" research activity (R1) and comprehensive doctoral programs across the arts, sciences, engineering, and medicine according to the Carnegie Classification. Harvard University_sentence_99

With the medical school consistently ranking first among medical schools for research, biomedical research is an area of particular strength for the university. Harvard University_sentence_100

More than 11,000 faculty and over 1,600 graduate students conduct research at the medical school as well as its 15 affiliated hospitals and research institutes. Harvard University_sentence_101

The medical school and its affiliates attracted $1.65 billion in competitive research grants from the National Institutes of Health in 2019, more than twice as much as any other university. Harvard University_sentence_102

Libraries and museums Harvard University_section_17

The Harvard Library system is centered in Widener Library in Harvard Yard and comprises nearly 80 individual libraries holding about 20.4 million items. Harvard University_sentence_103

According to the American Library Association, this makes it the largest academic library in the world. Harvard University_sentence_104

Houghton Library, the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, and the Harvard University Archives consist principally of rare and unique materials. Harvard University_sentence_105

America's oldest collection of maps, gazetteers, and atlases both old and new is stored in Pusey Library and open to the public. Harvard University_sentence_106

The largest collection of East-Asian language material outside of East Asia is held in the Harvard-Yenching Library. Harvard University_sentence_107

The Harvard Art Museums comprise three museums. Harvard University_sentence_108

The Arthur M. Sackler Museum covers Asian, Mediterranean, and Islamic art, the Busch–Reisinger Museum (formerly the Germanic Museum) covers central and northern European art, and the Fogg Museum covers Western art from the Middle Ages to the present emphasizing Italian early Renaissance, British pre-Raphaelite, and 19th-century French art. Harvard University_sentence_109

The Harvard Museum of Natural History includes the Harvard Mineralogical Museum, the Harvard University Herbaria featuring the Blaschka Glass Flowers exhibit, and the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Harvard University_sentence_110

Other museums include the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, designed by Le Corbusier and housing the film archive, the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, specializing in the cultural history and civilizations of the Western Hemisphere, and the Harvard Museum of the Ancient Near East featuring artifacts from excavations in the Middle East. Harvard University_sentence_111

Reputation and rankings Harvard University_section_18

Harvard University_table_infobox_1

University rankingsHarvard University_header_cell_1_0_0
NationalHarvard University_header_cell_1_1_0
ARWUHarvard University_header_cell_1_2_0 1Harvard University_cell_1_2_1
ForbesHarvard University_header_cell_1_3_0 1Harvard University_cell_1_3_1
THE/WSJHarvard University_header_cell_1_4_0 1Harvard University_cell_1_4_1
U.S. News & World ReportHarvard University_header_cell_1_5_0 2Harvard University_cell_1_5_1
Washington MonthlyHarvard University_header_cell_1_6_0 2Harvard University_cell_1_6_1
GlobalHarvard University_header_cell_1_7_0
ARWUHarvard University_header_cell_1_8_0 1Harvard University_cell_1_8_1
QSHarvard University_header_cell_1_9_0 3Harvard University_cell_1_9_1
THEHarvard University_header_cell_1_10_0 3Harvard University_cell_1_10_1
U.S. News & World ReportHarvard University_header_cell_1_11_0 1Harvard University_cell_1_11_1

Among overall rankings, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) has ranked Harvard as the world's top university every year since it was released. Harvard University_sentence_112

When QS and Times Higher Education collaborated to publish the Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings from 2004 to 2009, Harvard held the top spot every year and continued to hold first place on THE World Reputation Rankings ever since it was released in 2011. Harvard University_sentence_113

In 2019, it was ranked first worldwide by SCImago Institutions Rankings. Harvard University_sentence_114

Among rankings of specific indicators, Harvard topped both the University Ranking by Academic Performance (2019–2020) and Mines ParisTech: Professional Ranking of World Universities (2011), which measured universities' numbers of alumni holding CEO positions in Fortune Global 500 companies. Harvard University_sentence_115

According to annual polls done by The Princeton Review, Harvard is consistently among the top two most commonly named "dream colleges" in the United States, both for students and parents. Harvard University_sentence_116

Additionally, having made significant investments in its engineering school in recent years, Harvard was ranked third worldwide for Engineering and Technology in 2019 by Times Higher Education. Harvard University_sentence_117

Student life Harvard University_section_19

Harvard University_table_general_2

Student demographics (Fall 2019)Harvard University_table_caption_2
Harvard University_header_cell_2_0_0 UndergradHarvard University_header_cell_2_0_1 Grad/profHarvard University_header_cell_2_0_2
AsianHarvard University_header_cell_2_1_0 21%Harvard University_cell_2_1_1 13%Harvard University_cell_2_1_2
BlackHarvard University_header_cell_2_2_0 9%Harvard University_cell_2_2_1 5%Harvard University_cell_2_2_2
Hispanic or LatinoHarvard University_header_cell_2_3_0 11%Harvard University_cell_2_3_1 7%Harvard University_cell_2_3_2
WhiteHarvard University_header_cell_2_4_0 37%Harvard University_cell_2_4_1 38%Harvard University_cell_2_4_2
Two or more racesHarvard University_header_cell_2_5_0 8%Harvard University_cell_2_5_1 3%Harvard University_cell_2_5_2
InternationalHarvard University_header_cell_2_6_0 12%Harvard University_cell_2_6_1 32%Harvard University_cell_2_6_2

Student government Harvard University_section_20

The Harvard Undergraduate Council and the Harvard Graduate Council are the chief organs of student government. Harvard University_sentence_118

Athletics Harvard University_section_21

Main article: Harvard Crimson Harvard University_sentence_119

The Harvard Crimson fields 42 intercollegiate sports teams in the NCAA Division I Ivy League, more than any other college in the country. Harvard University_sentence_120

Every two years, the Harvard and Yale track and field teams come together to compete against a combined Oxford and Cambridge team in the oldest continuous international amateur competition in the world. Harvard University_sentence_121

As with other Ivy League universities, Harvard does not offer athletic scholarships. Harvard University_sentence_122

The school color is crimson. Harvard University_sentence_123

Harvard's athletic rivalry with Yale is intense in every sport in which they meet, coming to a climax each fall in the annual football meeting, which dates back to 1875. Harvard University_sentence_124

Notable people Harvard University_section_22

Alumni Harvard University_section_23

Main articles: List of Harvard University people, List of Harvard University non-graduate alumni, and List of Nobel laureates affiliated with Harvard University Harvard University_sentence_125

Over more than three and a half centuries, Harvard alumni have contributed creatively and significantly to society, the arts and sciences, business, and national and international affairs. Harvard University_sentence_126

Harvard's alumni include eight U.S. presidents, 188 living billionaires, 79 Nobel laureates, 7 Fields Medal winners, 9 Turing Award laureates, 369 Rhodes Scholars, 252 Marshall Scholars, and 13 Mitchell Scholars. Harvard University_sentence_127

Harvard students and alumni have also won 10 Academy Awards, 48 Pulitzer Prizes, and 108 Olympic medals (including 46 gold medals), and they have founded many notable companies worldwide. Harvard University_sentence_128

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Faculty Harvard University_section_24

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  • Notable present and past Harvard faculty include:Harvard University_item_1_29
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Literature and popular culture Harvard University_section_25

The perception of Harvard as a center of either elite achievement, or elitist privilege, has made it a frequent literary and cinematic backdrop. Harvard University_sentence_129

"In the grammar of film, Harvard has come to mean both tradition, and a certain amount of stuffiness," film critic Paul Sherman has said. Harvard University_sentence_130

Literature Harvard University_section_26

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Film Harvard University_section_27

Harvard's policy since 1970 (after the damage caused by Love Story) has been to permit filming on its property only rarely, so most scenes set at Harvard (especially indoor shots, but excepting aerial footage and shots of public areas such as Harvard Square) are in fact shot elsewhere. Harvard University_sentence_131

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See also Harvard University_section_28

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvard University.