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Scientific classification HemiphractidaeHemiphractidae_header_cell_0_1_0
Kingdom:Hemiphractidae_cell_0_2_0 AnimaliaHemiphractidae_cell_0_2_1
Phylum:Hemiphractidae_cell_0_3_0 ChordataHemiphractidae_cell_0_3_1
Class:Hemiphractidae_cell_0_4_0 AmphibiaHemiphractidae_cell_0_4_1
Order:Hemiphractidae_cell_0_5_0 AnuraHemiphractidae_cell_0_5_1
Clade:Hemiphractidae_cell_0_6_0 HyloideaHemiphractidae_cell_0_6_1
Family:Hemiphractidae_cell_0_7_0 Hemiphractidae

Peters, 1862Hemiphractidae_cell_0_7_1

Type genusHemiphractidae_header_cell_0_8_0

The Hemiphractidae are a family of frogs from South and Central America. Hemiphractidae_sentence_0

Previously, this group had been classified as a subfamily (Hemiphractinae) under family Hylidae. Hemiphractidae_sentence_1

More recent research classifies these genera into their own family, or sometimes into three separate families: Amphignathodontidae (Flectonotus and Gastrotheca), Cryptobatrachidae (Cryptobatrachus and Stefania), and Hemiphractidae (Hemiphractus). Hemiphractidae_sentence_2

An active question still exists as to which of these groupings is more accurate. Hemiphractidae_sentence_3

Breeding behavior Hemiphractidae_section_0

An unusual and unique adaptation in this family is the breeding behavior where the eggs are carried on the female's back; the eggs may develop into froglets on the back of the female without free-swimming tadpole stage, be released after hatching as tadpoles, or be deposited in water to complete their development there. Hemiphractidae_sentence_4

In some species (genus Gastrotheca and some Flectonotus), this goes as far as to enclose the eggs in a pouch until they hatch. Hemiphractidae_sentence_5

Males in amplexus have been observed to play an active role in placing the eggs on the back or in the pouch of the female. Hemiphractidae_sentence_6

In some species, froglets may stay on the female's back after hatching. Hemiphractidae_sentence_7

Taxonomy Hemiphractidae_section_1

The Hemiphractidae are divided into these genera: Hemiphractidae_sentence_8


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemiphractidae.