Hiroshima

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For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). Hiroshima_sentence_0

Hiroshima_table_infobox_0

Hiroshima

広島市Hiroshima_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryHiroshima_header_cell_0_1_0 JapanHiroshima_cell_0_1_1
RegionHiroshima_header_cell_0_2_0 Chūgoku (San'yō)Hiroshima_cell_0_2_1
PrefectureHiroshima_header_cell_0_3_0 Hiroshima PrefectureHiroshima_cell_0_3_1
GovernmentHiroshima_header_cell_0_4_0
MayorHiroshima_header_cell_0_5_0 Kazumi MatsuiHiroshima_cell_0_5_1
AreaHiroshima_header_cell_0_6_0
Designated cityHiroshima_header_cell_0_7_0 906.68 km (350.07 sq mi)Hiroshima_cell_0_7_1
Population (June 1, 2019)Hiroshima_header_cell_0_8_0
Designated cityHiroshima_header_cell_0_9_0 1,199,391Hiroshima_cell_0_9_1
DensityHiroshima_header_cell_0_10_0 1,300/km (3,400/sq mi)Hiroshima_cell_0_10_1
Metro (2015)Hiroshima_header_cell_0_11_0 1,431,634 (10th)Hiroshima_cell_0_11_1
Time zoneHiroshima_header_cell_0_12_0 UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)Hiroshima_cell_0_12_1
TreeHiroshima_header_cell_0_13_0 Camphor LaurelHiroshima_cell_0_13_1
FlowerHiroshima_header_cell_0_14_0 OleanderHiroshima_cell_0_14_1
Phone numberHiroshima_header_cell_0_15_0 082-245-2111Hiroshima_cell_0_15_1
AddressHiroshima_header_cell_0_16_0 1-6-34 Kokutaiji,

Naka-ku, Hiroshima-shi 730-8586Hiroshima_cell_0_16_1

WebsiteHiroshima_header_cell_0_17_0 Hiroshima_cell_0_17_1

Hiroshima_table_infobox_1

HiroshimaHiroshima_header_cell_1_0_0
Japanese nameHiroshima_header_cell_1_1_0
KyūjitaiHiroshima_header_cell_1_2_0 廣島Hiroshima_cell_1_2_1
ShinjitaiHiroshima_header_cell_1_3_0 広島Hiroshima_cell_1_3_1
TranscriptionsRomanizationHiroshimaHiroshima_cell_1_4_0
TranscriptionsHiroshima_header_cell_1_5_0
RomanizationHiroshima_header_cell_1_6_0 HiroshimaHiroshima_cell_1_6_1

Hiroshima (広島市, Hiroshima-shi, /ˌhɪroʊˈʃiːmə/, also UK: /hɪˈrɒʃɪmə/, US: /hɪˈroʊʃɪmə/, Japanese: [çiɾoɕima) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture in Japan. Hiroshima_sentence_1

As of June 1, 2019, the city had an estimated population of 1,199,391. Hiroshima_sentence_2

The gross domestic product (GDP) in Greater Hiroshima, Hiroshima Urban Employment Area, was US $61.3 billion as of 2010. Hiroshima_sentence_3

Kazumi Matsui has been the city's mayor since April 2011. Hiroshima_sentence_4

Hiroshima was founded in 1598 as a castle town on the Ōta River delta. Hiroshima_sentence_5

Following the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Hiroshima rapidly transformed into a major urban center and industrial hub. Hiroshima_sentence_6

In 1889, Hiroshima officially gained city status. Hiroshima_sentence_7

The city was a center of military activities during the imperial era, playing significant roles such as in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, and the two world wars. Hiroshima_sentence_8

Hiroshima is best remembered as the first city targeted by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped the atomic bomb "Little Boy" on the city at 8:15 a.m. on August 6, 1945. Hiroshima_sentence_9

Most of the city was destroyed, and by the end of the year 90,000–166,000 had died as a result of the blast and its effects. Hiroshima_sentence_10

The Hiroshima Peace Memorial (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) serves as a memorial of the bombing. Hiroshima_sentence_11

Since being rebuilt after the war, Hiroshima has become the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu, the largest island of Japan. Hiroshima_sentence_12

History Hiroshima_section_0

See also: Timeline of Hiroshima Hiroshima_sentence_13

Early history Hiroshima_section_1

The region where Hiroshima stands today was originally a small fishing village along the shores of Hiroshima Bay. Hiroshima_sentence_14

From the 12th century, the village was rather prosperous and was economically attached to a Zen Buddhist temple called Mitaki-Ji. Hiroshima_sentence_15

This new prosperity was partly caused by the increase of trade with the rest of Japan under the auspices of the Taira clan. Hiroshima_sentence_16

Sengoku and Edo periods (1589–1871) Hiroshima_section_2

Hiroshima was established on the delta coastline of the Seto Inland Sea in 1588 by powerful warlord Mōri Terumoto. Hiroshima_sentence_17

Hiroshima Castle was quickly built, and in 1593 Mōri moved in. Hiroshima_sentence_18

Terumoto was on the losing side at the Battle of Sekigahara. Hiroshima_sentence_19

The winner of the battle, Tokugawa Ieyasu, deprived Mōri Terumoto of most of his fiefs, including Hiroshima and gave Aki Province to Masanori Fukushima, a daimyō who had supported Tokugawa. Hiroshima_sentence_20

From 1619 until 1871, Hiroshima was ruled by the Asano clan. Hiroshima_sentence_21

Hiroshima_unordered_list_0

  • GalleryHiroshima_item_0_0
  • Hiroshima_item_0_1

Imperial period (1871–1939) Hiroshima_section_3

After the Han was abolished in 1871, the city became the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture. Hiroshima_sentence_22

Hiroshima became a major urban center during the imperial period, as the Japanese economy shifted from primarily rural to urban industries. Hiroshima_sentence_23

During the 1870s, one of the seven government-sponsored English language schools was established in Hiroshima. Hiroshima_sentence_24

Ujina Harbor was constructed through the efforts of Hiroshima Governor Sadaaki Senda in the 1880s, allowing Hiroshima to become an important port city. Hiroshima_sentence_25

The San'yō Railway was extended to Hiroshima in 1894, and a rail line from the main station to the harbor was constructed for military transportation during the First Sino-Japanese War. Hiroshima_sentence_26

During that war, the Japanese government moved temporarily to Hiroshima, and Emperor Meiji maintained his headquarters at Hiroshima Castle from September 15, 1894, to April 27, 1895. Hiroshima_sentence_27

The significance of Hiroshima for the Japanese government can be discerned from the fact that the first round of talks between Chinese and Japanese representatives to end the Sino-Japanese War was held in Hiroshima, from February 1 to February 4, 1895. Hiroshima_sentence_28

New industrial plants, including cotton mills, were established in Hiroshima in the late 19th century. Hiroshima_sentence_29

Further industrialization in Hiroshima was stimulated during the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, which required development and production of military supplies. Hiroshima_sentence_30

The Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Exhibition Hall was constructed in 1915 as a center for trade and exhibition of new products. Hiroshima_sentence_31

Later, its name was changed to Hiroshima Prefectural Product Exhibition Hall, and again to Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall. Hiroshima_sentence_32

During World War I, Hiroshima became a focal point of military activity, as the Japanese government entered the war on the Allied side. Hiroshima_sentence_33

About 500 German prisoners of war were held in Ninoshima Island in Hiroshima Bay. Hiroshima_sentence_34

The growth of Hiroshima as a city continued after the First World War, as the city now attracted the attention of the Catholic Church, and on May 4, 1923, and Apostolic Vicar was appointed for that city. Hiroshima_sentence_35

Hiroshima_unordered_list_1

  • GalleryHiroshima_item_1_2
  • Hiroshima_item_1_3

World War II and the atomic bombing (1939–1945) Hiroshima_section_4

Main article: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki § Hiroshima Hiroshima_sentence_36

During World War II, the Second General Army and Chūgoku Regional Army was headquartered in Hiroshima, and the Army Marine Headquarters was located at Ujina port. Hiroshima_sentence_37

The city also had large depots of military supplies, and was a key center for shipping. Hiroshima_sentence_38

The bombing of Tokyo and other cities in Japan during World War II caused widespread destruction and hundreds of thousands of civilian deaths. Hiroshima_sentence_39

There were no such air raids on Hiroshima. Hiroshima_sentence_40

However, a real threat existed and was recognized. Hiroshima_sentence_41

To protect against potential firebombings in Hiroshima, school children aged 11–14 years were mobilized to demolish houses and create firebreaks. Hiroshima_sentence_42

On Monday, August 6, 1945, at 8:15 a.m. (Hiroshima time), the nuclear weapon "Little Boy" was dropped on Hiroshima from an American Boeing B-29 Superfortress, the Enola Gay, flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets, directly killing at least 70,000 people, including thousands of Korean slave laborers. Hiroshima_sentence_43

Fewer than 10% of the casualties were military. Hiroshima_sentence_44

By the end of the year, injury and radiation brought the total number of deaths to 90,000–166,000. Hiroshima_sentence_45

The population before the bombing was around 345,000. Hiroshima_sentence_46

About 70% of the city's buildings were destroyed, and another 7% severely damaged. Hiroshima_sentence_47

The public release of film footage of the city following the attack, and some of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission research on the human effects of the attack, were restricted during the occupation of Japan, and much of this information was censored until the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco in 1951, restoring control to the Japanese. Hiroshima_sentence_48

As Ian Buruma observed: Hiroshima_sentence_49

The US occupation authorities maintained a monopoly on scientific and medical information about the effects of the atomic bomb through the work of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, which treated the data gathered in studies of hibakusha as privileged information rather than making the results available for the treatment of victims or providing financial or medical support to aid victims. Hiroshima_sentence_50

The book Hiroshima by John Hersey was originally published in article form in the magazine The New Yorker, on 31 August 1946. Hiroshima_sentence_51

It is reported to have reached Tokyo, in English, at least by January 1947 and the translated version was released in Japan in 1949. Hiroshima_sentence_52

Although the article was planned to be published over four issues, "Hiroshima" made up the entire contents of one issue of the magazine. Hiroshima_sentence_53

Hiroshima narrates the stories of six bomb survivors immediately before and four months after the dropping of the Little Boy bomb. Hiroshima_sentence_54

Oleander (Nerium) is the official flower of the city of Hiroshima because it was the first to bloom again after the explosion of the atomic bomb in 1945. Hiroshima_sentence_55

Hiroshima_unordered_list_2

  • GalleryHiroshima_item_2_4
  • Hiroshima_item_2_5
  • Hiroshima_item_2_6

Postwar period (1945–present) Hiroshima_section_5

On September 17, 1945, Hiroshima was struck by the Makurazaki Typhoon (Typhoon Ida). Hiroshima_sentence_56

Hiroshima Prefecture suffered more than 3,000 deaths and injuries, about half the national total. Hiroshima_sentence_57

More than half the bridges in the city were destroyed, along with heavy damage to roads and railroads, further devastating the city. Hiroshima_sentence_58

Hiroshima was rebuilt after the war, with help from the national government through the Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law passed in 1949. Hiroshima_sentence_59

It provided financial assistance for reconstruction, along with land donated that was previously owned by the national government and used by the Imperial military. Hiroshima_sentence_60

In 1949, a design was selected for the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. Hiroshima_sentence_61

Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall, the closest surviving building to the location of the bomb's detonation, was designated the Genbaku Dome (原爆ドーム) or "Atomic Dome", a part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. Hiroshima_sentence_62

The Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum was opened in 1955 in the Peace Park. Hiroshima_sentence_63

Hiroshima also contains a Peace Pagoda, built in 1966 by Nipponzan-Myōhōji. Hiroshima_sentence_64

Uniquely, the pagoda is made of steel, rather than the usual stone. Hiroshima_sentence_65

Hiroshima was proclaimed a City of Peace by the Japanese parliament in 1949, at the initiative of its mayor, Shinzo Hamai (1905–1968). Hiroshima_sentence_66

As a result, the city of Hiroshima received more international attention as a desirable location for holding international conferences on peace as well as social issues. Hiroshima_sentence_67

As part of that effort, the Hiroshima Interpreters' and Guide's Association (HIGA) was established in 1992 to facilitate interpretation for conferences, and the Hiroshima Peace Institute was established in 1998 within the Hiroshima University. Hiroshima_sentence_68

The city government continues to advocate the abolition of all nuclear weapons and the Mayor of Hiroshima is the president of Mayors for Peace, an international Mayoral organization mobilizing cities and citizens worldwide to abolish and eliminate nuclear weapons by the year 2020. Hiroshima_sentence_69

On May 27, 2016, Barack Obama became the first sitting United States president to visit Hiroshima since the atomic bombing. Hiroshima_sentence_70

Hiroshima is situated on the Ōta River delta, on Hiroshima Bay, facing the Seto Inland Sea on its south side. Hiroshima_sentence_71

The river's six channels divide Hiroshima into several islets. Hiroshima_sentence_72

Hiroshima_unordered_list_3

  • GalleryHiroshima_item_3_7
  • Hiroshima_item_3_8
  • Hiroshima_item_3_9
  • Hiroshima_item_3_10

Geography Hiroshima_section_6

Surronding municipalities Hiroshima_section_7

Hiroshima_unordered_list_4

Climate Hiroshima_section_8

Hiroshima has a humid subtropical climate characterized by cool to mild winters and hot, humid summers. Hiroshima_sentence_73

Like much of Japan, Hiroshima experiences a seasonal temperature lag in summer; with August rather than July being the warmest month of the year. Hiroshima_sentence_74

Precipitation occurs year-round, although winter is the driest season. Hiroshima_sentence_75

Rainfall peaks in June and July, with August experiencing sunnier and drier conditions. Hiroshima_sentence_76

Wards Hiroshima_section_9

Hiroshima has eight wards (ku): Hiroshima_sentence_77

Places of interest Hiroshima_section_10

There are many popular tourist destinations near Hiroshima. Hiroshima_sentence_78

A popular destination outside the city is Itsukushima Island, also known as Miyajima, which is a sacred island with many temples and shrines. Hiroshima_sentence_79

But inside Hiroshima there are many popular destinations as well, and according to online guidebooks, these are the most popular tourist destinations in Hiroshima: Hiroshima_sentence_80

Hiroshima_ordered_list_5

  1. Hiroshima Peace Memorial MuseumHiroshima_item_5_22
  2. The Atomic Bomb DomeHiroshima_item_5_23
  3. Hiroshima Peace Memorial ParkHiroshima_item_5_24
  4. Mazda Zoom-Zoom Stadium HiroshimaHiroshima_item_5_25
  5. Hiroshima CastleHiroshima_item_5_26
  6. Shukkei-enHiroshima_item_5_27
  7. Mitaki-dera TempleHiroshima_item_5_28
  8. Hiroshima Gogoku ShrineHiroshima_item_5_29
  9. Kamiyacho and Hatchobori (A major center in Hiroshima which is a shopping area. It is directly connected to the Hiroshima Bus Center )Hiroshima_item_5_30
  10. Asa Dobutsu-en (Asa Zoological Park)Hiroshima_item_5_31
  11. Hiroshima Shokubutsu Koen (Hiroshima Botanical Garden)Hiroshima_item_5_32

Other popular places in the city include the Hon-dōri shopping arcade. Hiroshima_sentence_81

Demographics Hiroshima_section_11

In 2017, the city has an estimated population of 1,195,327. Hiroshima_sentence_82

The total area of the city is 905.08 square kilometres (349.45 sq mi), with a population density of 1321 persons per km. Hiroshima_sentence_83

The population around 1910 was 143,000. Hiroshima_sentence_84

Before World War II, Hiroshima's population had grown to 360,000, and peaked at 419,182 in 1942. Hiroshima_sentence_85

Following the atomic bombing in 1945, the population dropped to 137,197. Hiroshima_sentence_86

By 1955, the city's population had returned to pre-war levels. Hiroshima_sentence_87

Events Hiroshima_section_12

Hiroshima_unordered_list_6

Culture Hiroshima_section_13

Hiroshima has a professional symphony orchestra, which has performed at Wel City Hiroshima since 1963. Hiroshima_sentence_88

There are also many museums in Hiroshima, including the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, along with several art museums. Hiroshima_sentence_89

The Hiroshima Museum of Art, which has a large collection of French renaissance art, opened in 1978. Hiroshima_sentence_90

The Hiroshima Prefectural Art Museum opened in 1968 and is located near Shukkei-en gardens. Hiroshima_sentence_91

The Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, which opened in 1989, is located near Hijiyama Park. Hiroshima_sentence_92

Festivals include Hiroshima Flower Festival and Hiroshima International Animation Festival. Hiroshima_sentence_93

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, which includes the Hiroshima Peace Memorial, draws many visitors from around the world, especially for the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony, an annual commemoration held on the date of the atomic bombing. Hiroshima_sentence_94

The park also contains a large collection of monuments, including the Children's Peace Monument, the Hiroshima National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims and many others. Hiroshima_sentence_95

Hiroshima's rebuilt castle (nicknamed Rijō, meaning Koi Castle) houses a museum of life in the Edo period. Hiroshima_sentence_96

Hiroshima Gokoku Shrine is within the walls of the castle. Hiroshima_sentence_97

Other attractions in Hiroshima include Shukkei-en, Fudōin, Mitaki-dera, and Hijiyama Park. Hiroshima_sentence_98

Cuisine Hiroshima_section_14

Hiroshima is known for okonomiyaki, a savory (umami) pancake cooked on an iron plate, usually in front of the customer. Hiroshima_sentence_99

It is cooked with various ingredients, which are layered rather than mixed as done with the Osaka version of okonomiyaki. Hiroshima_sentence_100

The layers are typically egg, cabbage, bean sprouts (moyashi), sliced pork/bacon with optional items (mayonnaise, fried squid, octopus, cheese, mochi, kimchi, etc.), and noodles (soba, udon) topped with another layer of egg and a generous dollop of okonomiyaki sauce (Carp and Otafuku [] are two popular brands). Hiroshima_sentence_101

The amount of cabbage used is usually 3 to 4 times the amount used in the Osaka style. Hiroshima_sentence_102

It starts piled very high and is generally pushed down as the cabbage cooks. Hiroshima_sentence_103

The order of the layers may vary slightly depending on the chef's style and preference, and ingredients will vary depending on the preference of the customer. Hiroshima_sentence_104

Sports Hiroshima_section_15

Hiroshima has several professional sports clubs. Hiroshima_sentence_105

The city's main association football club is Sanfrecce Hiroshima, who play at the Hiroshima Big Arch. Hiroshima_sentence_106

As Toyo Kogyo Soccer Club, they won the Japan Soccer League five times between 1965 and 1970 and the Emperor's Cup in 1965, 1967 and 1969. Hiroshima_sentence_107

After adopting their current name in 1992, the club won the J.League in 2012 and 2013. Hiroshima_sentence_108

The city's main women's football club is Angeviolet Hiroshima. Hiroshima_sentence_109

Defunct clubs include Rijo Shukyu FC, who won the Emperor's Cup in 1924 and 1925, and Ẽfini Hiroshima SC. Hiroshima_sentence_110

Hiroshima Toyo Carp are the city's major baseball club, and play at the Mazda Zoom-Zoom Stadium Hiroshima. Hiroshima_sentence_111

Members of the Central League, the club won the Japan Series in 1979, 1980 and 1984. Hiroshima_sentence_112

Other sports clubs include Hiroshima Dragonflies (basketball), Hiroshima Maple Reds (handball) and JT Thunders (volleyball). Hiroshima_sentence_113

The Woodone Open Hiroshima was part of the Japan Golf Tour between 1973 and 2007. Hiroshima_sentence_114

The city also hosted the 1994 Asian Games, using the Big Arch stadium, which is now used for the annual Mikio Oda Memorial International Amateur Athletic Game. Hiroshima_sentence_115

The now-called Hiroshima Prefectural Sports Center was one of the host arenas of the 2006 FIBA World Championship (basketball). Hiroshima_sentence_116

Economy and infrastructure Hiroshima_section_16

Health care Hiroshima_section_17

Hospitals Hiroshima_section_18

Hiroshima_unordered_list_7

  • Hiroshima City HospitalHiroshima_item_7_38
  • Hiroshima City Asa HospitalHiroshima_item_7_39
  • Hiroshima City Funairi HospitalHiroshima_item_7_40
  • Hiroshima Prefectural HospitalHiroshima_item_7_41
  • Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital & Atomic-bomb Survivors HospitalHiroshima_item_7_42
  • Hiroshima University HospitalHiroshima_item_7_43
  • Japan Post Hiroshima HospitalHiroshima_item_7_44
  • JR Hiroshima HospitalHiroshima_item_7_45

Media Hiroshima_section_19

The Chūgoku Shimbun is the local newspaper serving Hiroshima. Hiroshima_sentence_117

It publishes both morning paper and evening editions. Hiroshima_sentence_118

Television stations include Hiroshima Home Television, Hiroshima Telecasting, Shinhiroshima Telecasting, and the RCC Broadcasting. Hiroshima_sentence_119

Radio stations include Hiroshima FM, Chugoku Communication Network, FM Fukuyama, FM Nanami, and Onomichi FM. Hiroshima_sentence_120

Hiroshima is also served by NHK, Japan's public broadcaster, with television and radio broadcasting. Hiroshima_sentence_121

Transportation Hiroshima_section_20

Air Hiroshima_section_21

Hiroshima is served by Hiroshima Airport (IATA: HIJ, ICAO: RJOA), located 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of the city, with regular flights to Tokyo, Sapporo, Sendai, Okinawa, and also to China, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea. Hiroshima_sentence_122

Iwakuni Kintaikyo Airport, 43 kilometres (27 mi) south-west of Hiroshima, re-instated commercial flights on 13 December 2012. Hiroshima_sentence_123

Trains Hiroshima_section_22

Hiroshima_unordered_list_8

Streetcars Hiroshima_section_23

Hiroshima is notable, in Japan, for its light rail system, nicknamed Hiroden, and the "Moving Streetcar Museum". Hiroshima_sentence_124

Streetcar service started in 1912, was interrupted by the atomic bomb, and was restored as soon as was practical. Hiroshima_sentence_125

(Service between Koi/Nishi Hiroshima and Tenma-cho was started up three days after the bombing.) Hiroshima_sentence_126

Streetcars and light rail vehicles are still rolling down Hiroshima's streets, including streetcars 651 and 652, which survived the atomic blast and are among the older streetcars in the system. Hiroshima_sentence_127

When Kyoto and Fukuoka discontinued their trolley systems, Hiroshima bought them up at discounted prices, and, by 2011, the city had 298 streetcars, more than any other city in Japan. Hiroshima_sentence_128

Hiroshima_unordered_list_9

Automobiles Hiroshima_section_24

Hiroshima is served by Japan National Route 2, Japan National Route 54, Japan National Route 183, Japan National Route 261 Japan National Route 433, Japan National Route 487, Japan National Route 488, Hiroshima Prefectural Route 37 (Hiroshima-Miyoshi Route), Hiroshima Prefectural Route 70 (Hiroshima-Nakashima Route), Hiroshima Prefectural Route 84 (Higashi Kaita Hiroshima Route), Hiroshima Prefectural Route 164 (Hiroshima-Kaita Route), and Hiroshima Prefectural Route 264 (Nakayama-Onaga Route). Hiroshima_sentence_129

Tourism Hiroshima_section_25

The Japanese city and the Prefecture of Hiroshima may have been devastated by the atomic bomb over 73 years ago, but today, this site of the destruction is one of the top tourist destinations in the entire country. Hiroshima_sentence_130

Statistics released by the nation's tourist agency revealed that around 363,000 visitors went to the metropolis during 2012, with Americans making up the vast majority of that figure, followed by Australians and Chinese. Hiroshima_sentence_131

In 2016, some 1.18 million foreigners visited Hiroshima, a 3.2-fold jump from about 360,000 in 2012. Hiroshima_sentence_132

Americans were the largest group, accounting for 16%, followed by Australians at 15%, Italians at 8% and Britons at 6%. Hiroshima_sentence_133

The numbers of Chinese and South Korean visitors were small, representing only 1% and 0.2% of the total. Hiroshima_sentence_134

Education Hiroshima_section_26

Hiroshima University was established in 1949, as part of a national restructuring of the education system. Hiroshima_sentence_135

One national university was set up in each prefecture, including Hiroshima University, which combined eight existing institutions (Hiroshima University of Literature and Science, Hiroshima School of Secondary Education, Hiroshima School of Education, Hiroshima Women's School of Secondary Education, Hiroshima School of Education for Youth, Hiroshima Higher School, Hiroshima Higher Technical School, and Hiroshima Municipal Higher Technical School), with the Hiroshima Prefectural Medical College added in 1953. Hiroshima_sentence_136

But, in 1972 the relocation of Hiroshima University has decided from urban areas of Hiroshima City to wider campus in Higashihiroshima City. Hiroshima_sentence_137

By 1995 almost all campuses were relocated to Higashihiroshima. Hiroshima_sentence_138

But, School of Medicine, School of Dentistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Graduate School in these fields in Kasumi Campus and Law School and Center for Research on Regional Economic System in Higashi-Senda Campus are still in Hiroshima City. Hiroshima_sentence_139

Notable art institutions include the Elisabeth University of Music and Actor's School Hiroshima. Hiroshima_sentence_140

International relations Hiroshima_section_27

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan Hiroshima_sentence_141

Twin towns and sister cities Hiroshima_section_28

Hiroshima has six overseas sister cities: Hiroshima_sentence_142

Hiroshima_unordered_list_10

Within Japan, Hiroshima has a similar relationship with Nagasaki. Hiroshima_sentence_143


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiroshima.