Holguín

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

For other uses, see Holguin (disambiguation). Holguín_sentence_0

Holguín_table_infobox_0

HolguínHolguín_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryHolguín_header_cell_0_1_0 CubaHolguín_cell_0_1_1
ProvinceHolguín_header_cell_0_2_0 HolguínHolguín_cell_0_2_1
EstablishedHolguín_header_cell_0_3_0 1523Holguín_cell_0_3_1
AreaHolguín_header_cell_0_4_0
TotalHolguín_header_cell_0_5_0 655.9 km (253.2 sq mi)Holguín_cell_0_5_1
ElevationHolguín_header_cell_0_6_0 5 m (16 ft)Holguín_cell_0_6_1
Population (2011)Holguín_header_cell_0_7_0
TotalHolguín_header_cell_0_8_0 346,191Holguín_cell_0_8_1
DensityHolguín_header_cell_0_9_0 528/km (1,370/sq mi)Holguín_cell_0_9_1
Demonym(s)Holguín_header_cell_0_10_0 Holguinero,-aHolguín_cell_0_10_1
Time zoneHolguín_header_cell_0_11_0 UTC-5 (EST)Holguín_cell_0_11_1
Summer (DST)Holguín_header_cell_0_12_0 UTC-4Holguín_cell_0_12_1
Area code(s)Holguín_header_cell_0_13_0 +53 24Holguín_cell_0_13_1
Vehicle registrationHolguín_header_cell_0_14_0 OHolguín_cell_0_14_1

Holguín (Spanish pronunciation: [olˈɣin) is a municipality and city in Cuba, and the capital of Province of Holguín. Holguín_sentence_1

After Havana, Santiago de Cuba, and Camagüey, it is the fourth largest city in Cuba. Holguín_sentence_2

History Holguín_section_0

See also: Timeline of Holguín Holguín_sentence_3

Before Columbus, the Taino people settled in huts made from royal palm in the Holguin area later urbanized by the Spanish; their artefacts shown at the local Holguin La Periquera museum. Holguín_sentence_4

The settlement was founded in 1523 on land donated by Diego de Velázquez to Captain Francisco García Holguín, a Spanish military officer. Holguín_sentence_5

Holguin added his maternal surname to the name of the town, giving it the name San Isidoro de Holguín. Holguín_sentence_6

Prior to 1976, Holguín was located in the province of Oriente. Holguín_sentence_7

Before Pope Francis's visit to the United States, in September 2015, he visited Cuba, and one of his stops was at the Diocese of Holguín to, among other things, commemorate the location where Christopher Columbus landed. Holguín_sentence_8

Geography Holguín_section_1

The municipality is divided into repartos or barrios. Holguín_sentence_9

The old municipality was more extense, and in 1940 included: Aguarás, Aguas Claras, Alcalá, Arroyo Blanco del Sur, Báguanos, Cabezuelas, Cacocum, Calderón, Camazán, Cauto del Cristo, Corralillo, Cruces de Purnio, Damián, Floro Pérez, Gibara, Guabasiabo, Guayabal, Guirabo, Haticos del Purial, La Aguada, La Cuaba, La Palma, La Rioja, Las Calabazas, Managuaco, Melones, Norte, Omaja, Purnio, San Agustín, San Andrés, San Francisco, San Juan, San Lorenzo, Santa Rita, Sur, Tacámara, Tasajeras, Uñas, Uñitas, Velasco, Yareyal and Yayal. Holguín_sentence_10

At present time, some of the above are part of other municipalities, but the following still belong to Holguín: Aguas Claras, Guirabo, La Cuaba, Las Calabazas, Purnio, San Andrés, Yareyal. Holguín_sentence_11

Economy Holguín_section_2

The brewery is based in the city. Holguín_sentence_12

It makes three brands of beer (Bucanero, Cristal and Mayabe) sold in convertible pesos. Holguín_sentence_13

There are two small hotels (or villas) focusing on health tourism in the outskirts of the city, very close to the airport: and . Holguín_sentence_14

Patients like Argentine football (soccer) star Diego Maradona have been treated there for substance addiction. Holguín_sentence_15

There are also two established city hotels ( and ). Holguín_sentence_16

More recently, a few small (boutique) hotels, managed by Hoteles E, have opened (, one block away from , and , right across from ). Holguín_sentence_17

As of May, 2020, and after a major restoration, there's a third boutique hotel about to be inaugurated (, right across one of the corners of the main plaza and heart of the city (). Holguín_sentence_18

Demographics Holguín_section_3

In 2004, the municipality of Holguín had a population of 326,740. Holguín_sentence_19

With a total area of 658 km (254 sq mi), it had a population density of 497/km (1,290/sq mi). Holguín_sentence_20

By 2012, the population had increased slightly to 346,195 for a population density of 520/km (1,300/sq mi). Holguín_sentence_21

Infrastructure Holguín_section_4

There are several small city parks such as , , , , among others, most central the in the downtown area. Holguín_sentence_22

Close by one finds the galleries Centro Provincial de Arte and Bayado, a library, the club Casa de la Trova, the Martí cinema, the Theatre Eddy Suñol, the , a science museum, and a history museum. Holguín_sentence_23

One of the most famous landmarks of the city is the Loma de la Cruz (English: Hill of the Cross), which can be ascended by climbing its +450 stairs, and from where the whole city can be admired. Holguín_sentence_24

There, in the early years of the city, a large cross was erected with the belief that it would protect it from evil coming down from the North. Holguín_sentence_25

Holguín has a baseball stadium, named after Calixto García. Holguín_sentence_26

Transportation Holguín_section_5

Holguín is served by Frank País Airport (HOG/MUHG), located at 20°47´08"N, 076°18´54"W, with flights to Havana and several other world destinations, mostly in Canada and Europe. Holguín_sentence_27

Education Holguín_section_6

The main post-secondary education institution is the University of Holguín "Oscar Lucero Moya" (Spanish: "Oscar Lucero Moya", UHO). Holguín_sentence_28

Other post-secondary educational centers are: (University of Medical Sciences) "Mariana Grajales", (Pedagogical University of Holguin, formerly Instituto Superior Pedagógico, ISPH) "José de la Luz y Caballero", and (formerly Facultad de Cultura Física) "Manuel Piti Fajardo". Holguín_sentence_29

Notable residents Holguín_section_7

Holguín_unordered_list_0

  • Faustino Oramas, Cuban composer and musicianHolguín_item_0_0
  • Mario Kindelán, Olympic Gold Medalist amateur boxerHolguín_item_0_1
  • Eglise Gutiérrez, opera singerHolguín_item_0_2
  • Reinaldo Arenas, poet and novelistHolguín_item_0_3
  • Oscar Hijuelos, Cuban-American Pulitzer Prize-winning author, whose parents were born and raised in Holguín before immigrating to the USA.Holguín_item_0_4
  • Puntillita (Manuel Licea), Cuban popular singerHolguín_item_0_5
  • Aroldis Chapman, Major League Baseball playerHolguín_item_0_6
  • Odalis Revé, Olympic Gold Medallist judokaHolguín_item_0_7
  • Jorge Nunez Asencio, Chess Master and Greatest Teacher of All TimeHolguín_item_0_8

Sister cities Holguín_section_8

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holguín.