Horwich

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For other uses, see Horwich (disambiguation). Horwich_sentence_0

Horwich_table_infobox_0

HorwichHorwich_header_cell_0_0_0
PopulationHorwich_header_cell_0_1_0 20,067 (2011 Census)Horwich_cell_0_1_1
OS grid referenceHorwich_header_cell_0_2_0 Horwich_cell_0_2_1
LondonHorwich_header_cell_0_3_0 177 mi (285 km) SEHorwich_cell_0_3_1
Civil parishHorwich_header_cell_0_4_0 Horwich_cell_0_4_1
Metropolitan boroughHorwich_header_cell_0_5_0 Horwich_cell_0_5_1
Metropolitan countyHorwich_header_cell_0_6_0 Horwich_cell_0_6_1
RegionHorwich_header_cell_0_7_0 Horwich_cell_0_7_1
CountryHorwich_header_cell_0_8_0 EnglandHorwich_cell_0_8_1
Sovereign stateHorwich_header_cell_0_9_0 United KingdomHorwich_cell_0_9_1
Post townHorwich_header_cell_0_10_0 BOLTONHorwich_cell_0_10_1
Postcode districtHorwich_header_cell_0_11_0 BL6Horwich_cell_0_11_1
Dialling codeHorwich_header_cell_0_12_0 01204Horwich_cell_0_12_1
PoliceHorwich_header_cell_0_13_0 Greater ManchesterHorwich_cell_0_13_1
FireHorwich_header_cell_0_14_0 Greater ManchesterHorwich_cell_0_14_1
AmbulanceHorwich_header_cell_0_15_0 North WestHorwich_cell_0_15_1
UK ParliamentHorwich_header_cell_0_16_0 Horwich_cell_0_16_1
WebsiteHorwich_header_cell_0_17_0 Horwich_cell_0_17_1

Horwich (/ˈhɒrɪtʃ/ HORR-itch) is a town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. Horwich_sentence_1

Historically in Lancashire, it is 5.3 miles (8.5 km) southeast of Chorley, 5.8 miles (9.3 km) northwest of Bolton and 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Manchester. Horwich_sentence_2

It lies at the southern edge of the West Pennine Moors with the M61 motorway passing close to the south and west. Horwich_sentence_3

At the 2011 Census, Horwich had a population of 20,067. Horwich_sentence_4

Horwich emerged in the Middle Ages as a hunting chase. Horwich_sentence_5

Streams flowing from the moors were harnessed to provide power for bleachworks and other industry at the start of the Industrial Revolution. Horwich_sentence_6

The textile industry became a major employer and after 1884 the construction of the railway works caused the population of the town to increase dramatically. Horwich_sentence_7

The old industries have closed and urban regeneration has been led by out of town developments, particularly at Middlebrook, which, since 1997 has been the base of Bolton Wanderers football club, who play at the University of Bolton Stadium, having moved from Burnden Park near Bolton town centre. Horwich_sentence_8

History Horwich_section_0

The name Horwich derives from the Old English har and wice, meaning the place at the grey wych-elm and in 1221 was recorded as Horewic. Horwich_sentence_9

The name was recorded as Harewych in 1277 and Horewyche in 1327. Horwich_sentence_10

In the Middle Ages Horwich originated as a hunting chase for the barons of Manchester. Horwich_sentence_11

It was held by Albert de Gresle between 1086 and 1100. Horwich_sentence_12

In 1249 Henry III granted Thomas Gresle free warren over his lands in "Horewich". Horwich_sentence_13

The barons appointed foresters and trespassers in the forest were brought before the court baron or court leet for punishment. Horwich_sentence_14

In 1277 Robert Gresle the 7th baron prosecuted Martin de Rumworth for carrying off deer in Horwich Chase which was described in 1322 as being within "a circuit of sixteen leagues, and is yearly worth in pannage, aeries of eagles, herons and goshawks, in honey, millstones, and iron mines, in charcoal-burning, and the like issues, 60 shillings; of which the vesture in oaks, elms and wholly covered with such, 160 marks." Horwich_sentence_15

In 1598 a number of men were presented at the court leet for tithing and in 1621 the court leet recorded "paid for hue and crye that came from Horwich after the man who made an escape forth of ye stocks for stealing certain lynen cloth 8d." Horwich_sentence_16

By the 17th century the amount of woodland in the Horwich forest was reduced by house building and for fuel. Horwich_sentence_17

Horwich Moor was enclosed between 1815 and 1818 and race meetings were held between 1837 and 1847. Horwich_sentence_18

The manor became the property of the Andertons of Lostock Hall, Lostock, who purchased it in 1599 from Nicholas and Elizabeth Mosley. Horwich_sentence_19

These lands were confiscated by The Crown in 1715 after the Battle of Preston. Horwich_sentence_20

They were leased to the Blundells whose coat of arms is displayed above the door at the Blundell Arms on Chorley Old Road. Horwich_sentence_21

The Pilkingtons were farmers who became gentry, Richard Pilkington was owner of rights in the Horwich Manor. Horwich_sentence_22

William Pilkington (1765–1831) became a physician and apothecary in St Helens and his sons Richard (1795–1869) and William (1800–1872) were the founders of Pilkington Glass. Horwich_sentence_23

Industrial Revolution Horwich_section_1

In the 1770s brothers, John and Joseph Ridgway, land agents to the Blundells, moved their bleach works from Bolton to Wallsuches. Horwich_sentence_24

Their works was the oldest and one of the few stone-built mills in the Bolton borough. Horwich_sentence_25

The firm was one of the earliest users of chemical bleaching using chlorine. Horwich_sentence_26

In 1798 the firm installed a Boulton and Watt steam engine. Horwich_sentence_27

Horwich Vale Printworks, founded in 1799 by the River Douglas, printed cloth using machines and handblocks. Horwich_sentence_28

On the slopes of Winter Hill, stone was quarried and there were several small collieries and a firebrick and tile works. Horwich_sentence_29

In 1896 the Montcliffe Colliery was owned by Adam Mason and Son and managed by Joseph Crankshaw and Joseph Kenwright. Horwich_sentence_30

It employed 26 men underground and seven surface workers getting coal and fireclay from the Mountain coal seam. Horwich_sentence_31

Crankshaws pipeworks used the fireclay and had had several beehive kilns at their works at Tiger's Clough. Horwich_sentence_32

In the mid 19th century cotton mills were built by W. & W. Bennett and Peter Gaskell. Horwich_sentence_33

Ridgways provided land for the early 19th century Club Houses, a grid pattern development of streets of stone built cottages south of Church Street. Horwich_sentence_34

Some had basements for hand loom weaving. Horwich_sentence_35

In 1851 the occupants were crofters, stovers and bleachers. Horwich_sentence_36

In 1881 the population of 3,761 lived in 900 houses, and had remained stable for fifty years. Horwich_sentence_37

A rapid increase in population over the next ten years was caused by the arrival of the railway works and W.T. Horwich_sentence_38

Taylor's cotton mill. Horwich_sentence_39

In the late 19th century, brick terraced houses, in streets named after famous engineers, were built near to Horwich Works on both sides of Chorley New Road (A673) on company land. Horwich_sentence_40

The arrival of the railway and locomotive works to Horwich created a boom in population by 1891 to 12,850 people and was the most significant change to the town in the first Industrial Revolution, Horwich became a railway town. Horwich_sentence_41

In 1937 the de Havilland Aircraft Company built a factory which supplied aircraft to Cobham's Flying Circus. Horwich_sentence_42

During World War II the factory manufactured variable pitch propellers for Spitfires, making it a target for German bombers, who in July 1942 attempted to raid the factory by employing some of Germany's best pilots and crews in two Junkers JU 88 bombers in a mission using the Rivington reservoirs as landmarks to navigate at low level flying over the water then rooftops of Lever Park to find its target. Horwich_sentence_43

The raid went off course due to low level cloud. Horwich_sentence_44

The company was taken over by Hawker Siddeley and subsequently British Aerospace, the site was halved and moved to the south side of Hall lane Lostock when taken over by MBDA in 1997 it is still in 2013 making missiles and the site is now used for integration and test purposes. Horwich_sentence_45

Horwich Works Horwich_section_2

Main article: Horwich Works Horwich_sentence_46

In spring 1884 the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) began construction of a large complex for building and maintaining locomotives to replace its works at Miles Platting. Horwich_sentence_47

Horwich Works was built on 142 hectares of land bought for £36,000. Horwich_sentence_48

The first workshop, Rivington House opened in February 1887. Horwich_sentence_49

It is 106.7 metres long by 16.8 metres wide. Horwich_sentence_50

The long brick built workshops had full-height arched windows and were separated by tram and rail tracks. Horwich_sentence_51

Work to construct the three-bay, 463.3 metres long, 36 metres wide, erecting shop began in March 1885. Horwich_sentence_52

Inside it were 20 overhead cranes. Horwich_sentence_53

By November 1886 the first locomotives arrived at the works for repair. Horwich_sentence_54

The first Horwich built locomotive, Number 1008, left the works in 1887 and is preserved at the National Railway Museum. Horwich_sentence_55

In the First and Second World War, the works played a part in the war effort manufacturing tanks and munitions. Horwich_sentence_56

The L&YR amalgamated with the London and North Western Railway in 1922 becoming a constituent of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, (LMS) in 1923. Horwich_sentence_57

Horwich Works continued to build and repair locomotives for the LMS until the company was nationalised in 1948 by the Transport Act 1947, becoming British Railways. Horwich_sentence_58

In 1962, British Railways transferred control of its main works to British Railways Workshops Division, with its headquarters in Derby. Horwich_sentence_59

In 1970 it was renamed British Rail Engineering Limited (BREL). Horwich_sentence_60

The last steam locomotive built at Horwich Works left on 27 November 1957 and the last diesel built there left on 28 December 1962. Horwich_sentence_61

It was reduced to repairing engines and maintaining railway wagons. Horwich_sentence_62

On 18 February 1983 BREL announced that the works would close at the end of the year. Horwich_sentence_63

Protest marches and spirited trade union resistance failed to alter the decision and at 1 pm on Friday, 23 December 1983 Horwich Works closed after 97 years. Horwich_sentence_64

The freehold of the railway works site was transferred from British Rail to Bolton Council in the mid-1990s. Horwich_sentence_65

A proposal to demolish the works and build 1,700 homes and a school was submitted to Bolton Council in early 2010. Horwich_sentence_66

The initial phase of the development commenced in 2019. Horwich_sentence_67

Asbestos used to insulate steam engines and railway carriages linked to mesothelioma has been a legacy affecting former workers and their families with asbestos dust also being carried in clothing. Horwich_sentence_68

The redevelopment of the site required it to be cleared of contaminants before building commenced. Horwich_sentence_69

Part of the site is planned for demolition for the creation of a link road in 2019, linking the Middlebrook Retail Park, M61 and Horwich Railway Station. Horwich_sentence_70

Governance Horwich_section_3

Lying within the county boundaries of Lancashire since the 12th century, Horwich was a township in the historic ecclesiastical parish of Deane, in the Hundred of Salford. Horwich_sentence_71

In 1837 Horwich joined with other townships and civil parishes to form the Bolton Poor Law Union and took joint responsibility for the administration and funding of the Poor Law in that area and built a workhouse in Farnworth. Horwich_sentence_72

The Horwich Local board of health was established in 1872 and was superseded by Horwich Urban District of the administrative county of Lancashire in 1894. Horwich_sentence_73

Under the Local Government Act 1972 Horwich Urban District was abolished in 1974 and its area became a successor parish of the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester. Horwich_sentence_74

On 9 January 1974 Horwich was granted a Town Charter by the Earl Marshal, giving Horwich the status of a town, a town council and the ability to elect a Mayor. Horwich_sentence_75

An official coat of arms was granted and assigned on 6 December 1974 by the Earl Marshal. Horwich_sentence_76

Horwich is covered by two electoral Wards of the Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council, the Horwich and Blackrod, and Horwich North East Wards. Horwich_sentence_77

Each Ward elects three councillors to the Metropolitan Borough Council. Horwich_sentence_78

Horwich Town Council, formed in 1974, has six Wards; Vale, Bridge, Lever Park, Church, Claypool and Brazley, which elect 14 representatives to the Town Council. Horwich_sentence_79

Horwich is part of the Bolton West Constituency. Horwich_sentence_80

Its Member of Parliament is Chris Green who won the parliamentary seat at the 2015 General Election. Horwich_sentence_81

Geography Horwich_section_4

Suburban localities in Horwich include Wallsuches and Middlebrook. Horwich_sentence_82

Horwich extends to 3,230 acres (13.1 km) and measures 3 miles (4.8 km) from north to south and 2 miles (3.2 km) west to east. Horwich_sentence_83

The River Douglas flowing in a south westerly direction forms part of its northern boundary. Horwich_sentence_84

The landscape to the north is dominated by Winter Hill, Rivington Pike and the West Pennine Moors. Horwich_sentence_85

The highest point is 1,475 feet (450 m) on the moors in the north from where the ground slopes down towards the south and west, where the lowest land is about 350 feet (110 m). Horwich_sentence_86

On Wilders and Horwich Moors the underlying rock is Millstone Grit, and in the intermediate slopes are found the Lower Coal Measures of the Lancashire Coalfield. Horwich_sentence_87

The Middle Coal Measures are found in the southwest of the township. Horwich_sentence_88

Red Moss, 1.5 km south of the town centre, is a 47.2 hectares (117 acres) Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) which was designated in 1995 because of its biological interest. Horwich_sentence_89

Red Moss is the best example of lowland raised mire in Greater Manchester and is one of 21 SSSIs in the area. Horwich_sentence_90

The site is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Lancashire, Manchester and North Merseyside. Horwich_sentence_91

Demography Horwich_section_5

Horwich_table_general_1

Horwich ComparedHorwich_header_cell_1_0_0
2001 CensusHorwich_header_cell_1_1_0 HorwichHorwich_header_cell_1_1_1 Bolton (borough)Horwich_header_cell_1_1_2 GM Urban AreaHorwich_header_cell_1_1_3 EnglandHorwich_header_cell_1_1_4
Total populationHorwich_cell_1_2_0 19,312Horwich_cell_1_2_1 261,037Horwich_cell_1_2_2 2,240,230Horwich_cell_1_2_3 49,138,831Horwich_cell_1_2_4
WhiteHorwich_cell_1_4_0 97.9%Horwich_cell_1_4_1 89.0%Horwich_cell_1_4_2 90.3%Horwich_cell_1_4_3 90.9%Horwich_cell_1_4_4
AsianHorwich_cell_1_5_0 1.0%Horwich_cell_1_5_1 9.1%Horwich_cell_1_5_2 6.2%Horwich_cell_1_5_3 4.6%Horwich_cell_1_5_4
BlackHorwich_cell_1_6_0 0.4%Horwich_cell_1_6_1 0.6%Horwich_cell_1_6_2 1.3%Horwich_cell_1_6_3 2.3%Horwich_cell_1_6_4
Sources:Horwich_header_cell_1_7_0

At the 2001 UK census, Horwich had a population of 19,312 of which 9,370 were male and 9,942 were female. Horwich_sentence_92

The 2001 population density is lower than Bolton at 12.5 people per hectare compared to 18.7 in Bolton. Horwich_sentence_93

At the 2011 UK census, Horwich's population increased to 20,067 of which 9,777 were male and 10,290 were female. Horwich_sentence_94

The 2011 census recorded a total of 9,013 households, of which were 1,979 detached houses, 2,642 semi-detached houses, 3,254 terraced houses, 971 purpose-built flats, 160 other flats (including bedsits), and 7 caravans (or other mobile or temporary structure). Horwich_sentence_95

Population change Horwich_section_6

Until the late 18th century, Horwich was a small rural community. Horwich_sentence_96

In 1774, it had a population of 305, comprising 156 females and 149 males. Horwich_sentence_97

After 1780 the population increased as the Industrial Revolution brought changes to the town but remained constant until 1885 when the locomotive works were built more than trebling the population in ten years. Horwich_sentence_98

Economy Horwich_section_7

Many of Horwich's traditional industries, Horwich Works and W.T. Horwich_sentence_99

Taylor's cotton mill closed in the late 20th century. Horwich_sentence_100

Regeneration was led by the construction of the University of Bolton Stadium for Bolton Wanderers at Middebrook in 1995. Horwich_sentence_101

The development which stretches into neighbouring Lostock, attracted industrial and commercial users including Hitachi, generating jobs to replace those lost in the old industries and the area is now dominated by small and medium enterprises. Horwich_sentence_102

E.ON and RBS have set up offices close the University of Bolton stadium. Horwich_sentence_103

Watson Steel Structures founded in 1933 and BAe's successor company, Matra BAe Dynamics operates from the Middlebrook area. Horwich_sentence_104

Georgia Pacific has a paper manufacturing plant close to the University of Bolton Stadium. Horwich_sentence_105

Halbro, manufacturers of sportswear and equipment for both codes of rugby, is based on Chorley New Road. Horwich_sentence_106

There are Tesco and Asda stores on the outskirts of town and Aldi and Iceland stores closer to the town centre. Horwich_sentence_107

EU grants have contributed to new "traditional style" shop fronts in the town centre, which has many small specialist shops. Horwich_sentence_108

The Horwich indoor market building was closed and demolished in 2009 but there is a weekly outdoor market. Horwich_sentence_109

Transport Horwich_section_8

Public transport is co-ordinated by Transport for Greater Manchester. Horwich_sentence_110

The nearest railway stations are at Blackrod and Horwich Parkway adjacent to the University of Bolton Stadium where there is a Park and Ride facility with trains to Bolton, Manchester and Preston. Horwich_sentence_111

Blackrod station is nearer the town centre. Horwich_sentence_112

The original Horwich railway station closed to passenger traffic on 27 September 1965. Horwich_sentence_113

Frequent buses operate between Horwich and Bolton. Horwich_sentence_114

The 575 is operated by Arriva North West, with Arriva services terminating in Wigan. Horwich_sentence_115

Stagecoach Lancashire provide service 125 between Preston and Bolton via Chorley and Adlington. Horwich_sentence_116

Bus links to Middlebrook Retail Park are provided by Diamond Bus North West services 516 (Evening and Sunday services only), 517 and 518 which all between Horwich and Leigh via Westhoughton and Atherton. Horwich_sentence_117

Service 576, which operates from Bolton to Wigan via the Middlebrook and Blackrod areas in Horwich also runs in the evenings. Horwich_sentence_118

Horwich is situated close to the motorway network with access at junction 6 of the M61 motorway. Horwich_sentence_119

The A673 Bolton to Preston road passes through the town which is accessed by the B6226 and B5238. Horwich_sentence_120

Manchester Airport is 50 minutes by direct train from Horwich Parkway railway station. Horwich_sentence_121

Education Horwich_section_9

See also: List of schools in Bolton Horwich_sentence_122

The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company built the Railway Mechanics Institute in 1888. Horwich_sentence_123

It became the Technical College but has been demolished. Horwich_sentence_124

Horwich secondary school students years attend either Rivington and Blackrod High School, a Specialist Technology College which was originally the Rivington & Blackrod Grammar School on a site in Rivington close to the boundary with Horwich, or St Joseph's RC High School on Chorley New Road. Horwich_sentence_125

The oldest school building is the old Horwich Parish School which was built as a National, Infant and Sunday School in 1793 and now used as a parish hall and is a Listed building. Horwich_sentence_126

Horwich Parish Church of England Primary School occupies the listed premises built in 1832. Horwich_sentence_127

Our Lady's school was built in 1886 on Chorley New Road and Holy Family Primary School on Victoria Road in 1894. Horwich_sentence_128

Holy Family was the first Lancashire County Council school to be granted aided status under the 1944 Education Act. Horwich_sentence_129

The schools merged on the Victoria Road site as St. Mary's RC Primary School. Horwich_sentence_130

Horwich_table_general_2

List of schools in HorwichHorwich_header_cell_2_0_0
SchoolHorwich_header_cell_2_1_0 Type/StatusHorwich_header_cell_2_1_1 OfSTEDHorwich_header_cell_2_1_2 WebsiteHorwich_header_cell_2_1_3
Chorley New Road Primary SchoolHorwich_cell_2_2_0 PrimaryHorwich_cell_2_2_1 Horwich_cell_2_2_2 Horwich_cell_2_2_3
Claypool Primary SchoolHorwich_cell_2_3_0 PrimaryHorwich_cell_2_3_1 Horwich_cell_2_3_2 Horwich_cell_2_3_3
Horwich Parish CE Primary SchoolHorwich_cell_2_4_0 PrimaryHorwich_cell_2_4_1 Horwich_cell_2_4_2 Horwich_cell_2_4_3
Lord Street Primary SchoolHorwich_cell_2_5_0 PrimaryHorwich_cell_2_5_1 Horwich_cell_2_5_2 Horwich_cell_2_5_3
St Catherine's CE Primary SchoolHorwich_cell_2_6_0 PrimaryHorwich_cell_2_6_1 Horwich_cell_2_6_2 Horwich_cell_2_6_3
St Mary's RC Primary SchoolHorwich_cell_2_7_0 PrimaryHorwich_cell_2_7_1 Horwich_cell_2_7_2 Horwich_cell_2_7_3
Lever Park SchoolHorwich_cell_2_8_0 SpecialHorwich_cell_2_8_1 Horwich_cell_2_8_2 Horwich_cell_2_8_3
Rivington and Blackrod High SchoolHorwich_cell_2_9_0 Secondary & Sixth formHorwich_cell_2_9_1 Horwich_cell_2_9_2 Horwich_cell_2_9_3
St Joseph's RC High SchoolHorwich_cell_2_10_0 SecondaryHorwich_cell_2_10_1 Horwich_cell_2_10_2 Horwich_cell_2_10_3
Alliance LearningHorwich_cell_2_11_0 Work-based learningHorwich_cell_2_11_1 Horwich_cell_2_11_2 Horwich_cell_2_11_3

Religion Horwich_section_10

Prior to the reformation a chapel of ease existed dedicated to St Mary's Church in Deane. Horwich_sentence_131

In 1565 the commissioners for "removing superstitious ornaments" took various idolatrous items from the chapel. Horwich_sentence_132

The local population were forced by various means to conform to the Church of England and as with all other towns and villages across the country Catholicism was suppressed and it was not until 1886 when Father Hampson opened St Mary's Roman Catholic Church on Chorley New Road that the local Catholic population had a formal place of worship. Horwich_sentence_133

The presbytery there was built by Father McGrath in 1906. Horwich_sentence_134

After the English Civil War, with the contrivance of the vicar of Deane, the Chapel of Horwich was used by nonconformists and in 1669 a conventicle, meeting of nonconformists, was reported at Horwich and the ringleaders were prosecuted. Horwich_sentence_135

In 1672 a nonconformist service was held at Old Lord's Farm, the home of the puritan Major Thomas Willoughby, a soldier of the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell, who later become 11th Baron Willoughby of Parham. Horwich_sentence_136

In 1716 Bishop Gastrell of Chester recovered the chapel for the established church. Horwich_sentence_137

The chapel was replaced in 1782 and rebuilt as Holy Trinity Church, a Commissioners' Church, in 1831. Horwich_sentence_138

Until 1853 became a parish in its own right with Holy Trinity as the parish church. Horwich_sentence_139

After the non conformists were ejected from Horwich Chapel, Richard Pilkington built "New Chapel" between 1716 and 1719. Horwich_sentence_140

It was enlarged in 1805. Horwich_sentence_141

In 1890 the Unitarian Free Church was built on Church Street. Horwich_sentence_142

In the 18th and 19th centuries other nonconformist churches and chapels were built. Horwich_sentence_143

Lee Lane Congregational Church, founded in 1754, closed in 2005 and was converted into a flats. Horwich_sentence_144

It was originally built in 1856 on the site of an earlier build known as Horwich Lee Chapel built in 1774 on the site of an earlier house, also owned by Thomas Willoughby and was used for meetings from 1682 by Presbyterian members splitting away from the Rivington Unitarian Chapel as its doctrine changed. Horwich_sentence_145

The Independent Methodist chapel in Lee Lane was built in 1867, Methodism had been practised from 1810. Horwich_sentence_146

Primitive Methodists had a chapel on Horwich Moor and where a Baptist church was built in 1890. Horwich_sentence_147

Sport Horwich_section_11

Bolton Wanderers F.C. play at the University of Bolton Stadium having moved from Burnden Park near Bolton town centre in 1997. Horwich_sentence_148

Indoor facilities for sports training and major racket sports tournaments are provided at Bolton Arena, which was used for badminton events in the 2002 Commonwealth Games. Horwich_sentence_149

Several of the town's sporting organisations have origins in the sport and social clubs of Horwich Locomotive Works. Horwich_sentence_150

Horwich RMI Harriers and Athletic Club founded in 1924, is based at Middlebrook and participates in road, fell and cross country races, track and field athletics. Horwich_sentence_151

Horwich Cycling Club was founded in 1934 as the Horwich Wheelers. Horwich_sentence_152

It is involved in the organisation of the Horwich Carnival Road Races, held in the town centre. Horwich_sentence_153

Horwich RMI Cricket Club was founded in 1892. Horwich_sentence_154

The club plays in the Bolton Cricket League which it joined in 1934. Horwich_sentence_155

Twin town Horwich_section_12

In March 1990, Horwich and Crowborough, East Sussex entered into a unique twinning arrangement when they became the first towns within the United Kingdom to sign a town twinning charter. Horwich_sentence_156

It was signed by the Mayors of Horwich and Crowborough at a ceremony in the Public Hall, Horwich on 22 March 1990 and the Town Hall, Crowborough on 27 March 1990. Horwich_sentence_157

On the 25th Anniversary of the Town Twinning, in March 2015, the Mayor of Horwich, Cllr. Horwich_sentence_158

Richard E W Silvester and the Mayor of Crowborough, Cllr. Horwich_sentence_159

Ronald G Reed signed 25th Anniversary celebratory Town Twinning documents in Crowborough Town Hall on Tuesday 10 March 2015 and in Horwich Public Hall on Thursday 19 March 2015, to re-new the twinning agreement. Horwich_sentence_160

Horwich Cycle Club members travelled down to Crowborough on Friday 15 May 2015 and cycled with members of Wealden Cycle Club over that weekend as part of the celebrations. Horwich_sentence_161

Notable people Horwich_section_13

See also: List of people from Bolton Horwich_sentence_162

See also Horwich_section_14

Horwich_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horwich.