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Scientific classification HylaranaHylarana_header_cell_0_1_0
Kingdom:Hylarana_cell_0_2_0 AnimaliaHylarana_cell_0_2_1
Phylum:Hylarana_cell_0_3_0 ChordataHylarana_cell_0_3_1
Class:Hylarana_cell_0_4_0 AmphibiaHylarana_cell_0_4_1
Order:Hylarana_cell_0_5_0 AnuraHylarana_cell_0_5_1
Family:Hylarana_cell_0_6_0 RanidaeHylarana_cell_0_6_1
Subfamily:Hylarana_cell_0_7_0 RaninaeHylarana_cell_0_7_1
Genus:Hylarana_cell_0_8_0 Hylarana

Tschudi, 1838Hylarana_cell_0_8_1

Type speciesHylarana_header_cell_0_9_0

Hylarana, commonly known as golden-backed frogs, is a genus of true frogs found in tropical Asia. Hylarana_sentence_0

It was formerly considered highly diverse, containing around 84 to 96 valid species, but taxonomic revision resulted in a major change in the contents of the genus, and today it is recognised as containing just four species. Hylarana_sentence_1

Description Hylarana_section_0

Hylarana are small to large-sized frogs. Hylarana_sentence_2

Males have an average snout-vent length of 27 to 85 mm (1.1 to 3.3 in), while females range from 38 to 92 mm (1.5 to 3.6 in). Hylarana_sentence_3

The nares (nostrils) are oval in shape and covered by a flap of skin. Hylarana_sentence_4

The tympanum is visible but is not covered by a supratympanic fold. Hylarana_sentence_5

Vomerine teeth and a pineal ocellus (parietal eye) are present. Hylarana_sentence_6

The toes are webbed, but the fingers are not. Hylarana_sentence_7

Distribution Hylarana_section_1

Former members of the genus Hylarana ranged from Sri Lanka to the Western Ghats of India, through Nepal and southern China and Taiwan, down to Southeast Asia to the Philippines and Papua New Guinea, in Northern Australia, and tropical Africa. Hylarana_sentence_8

Following taxonomic revisions, the genus is actually restricted to Southern and southeast Asia. Hylarana_sentence_9

Taxonomy Hylarana_section_2

Hylarana belongs to the subfamily Raninae of the true frog family Ranidae. Hylarana_sentence_10

The generic name Hylarana derives from New Latin hyle ("wood" or "forest") and rana ("frog"). Hylarana_sentence_11

Hylarana was previously considered to be a subgenus of the genus Rana. Hylarana_sentence_12

It was recognized as a distinct genus in 2005. Hylarana_sentence_13

Several genera were further split from Hylarana in 2006, and then treated again as junior synonyms of Hylarana. Hylarana_sentence_14

In 2015, Oliver et al. Hylarana_sentence_15

performed a major taxonomic re-assessment of Hylarana. Hylarana_sentence_16

Their taxonomic reassessment left just four of the former 80–100 species within the genus Hylarana sensu stricto. Hylarana_sentence_17

The rest were transferred to Abavorana, Amnirana, Chalcorana, Humerana, Hydrophylax, Indosylvirana, Papurana, Pulchrana, and Sylvirana. Hylarana_sentence_18

Species Hylarana_section_3

Formerly, the genus consisted of around 84 to 96 valid species. Hylarana_sentence_19

Following a major re-classification, only four species are now recognised in the genus Hylarana: Hylarana_sentence_20


  • Hylarana erythraea (Schlegel, 1837) - common green frog, green paddy frog, leaf frog, or red-eared frogHylarana_item_0_0
  • Hylarana macrodactyla Günther, 1858 - Guangdong frog, three-striped grass frog, or marbled slender frogHylarana_item_0_1
  • Hylarana taipehensis (Van Denburgh, 1909) - two-striped grass frogHylarana_item_0_2
  • Hylarana tytleri Theobald, 1868Hylarana_item_0_3

Following this revision, the genus assignment of several Hylarana species is now uncertain: Hylarana_sentence_21


See also Hylarana_section_4


  • RanaHylarana_item_2_13

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hylarana.