International Federation of the Phonographic Industry

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International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_table_infobox_0

International Federation of the Phonographic IndustryInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_table_caption_0
AbbreviationInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_header_cell_0_0_0 IFPIInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_cell_0_0_1
MottoInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_header_cell_0_1_0 Representing the recording industry worldwideInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_cell_0_1_1
FormationInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_header_cell_0_2_0 1933International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_cell_0_2_1
HeadquartersInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_header_cell_0_3_0 7 Air Street Piccadilly, London, United KingdomInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_cell_0_3_1
Chief executiveInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_header_cell_0_4_0 Frances MooreInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_cell_0_4_1
Main organInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_header_cell_0_5_0 Main board of directorsInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_cell_0_5_1
WebsiteInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_header_cell_0_6_0 International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_cell_0_6_1

The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) is the organisation that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_0

It is a non-profit members' organisation registered in Switzerland and founded in Italy in 1933. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_1

It operates a Secretariat based in London, with regional offices in Brussels, Hong Kong, Miami and Nairobi. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_2

Function International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_0

IFPI's mission is to promote the value of recorded music, campaign for record producer rights, and expand the commercial uses of recorded music. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_3

Its services to members include a legal policy programme, litigation, content protection, sales reporting for the recorded music market, insight and analysis and work in the areas of performance rights, technology and trade. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_4

Structure International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_1

IFPI is governed by its Main Board, a group including representatives from across the organisation's members (including major and independent record labels), representatives from certain IFPI National Groups and the organisation's CEO. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_5

There are also two regional boards (the IFPI Asia/Pacific Regional Board and IFPI Latin America Regional Board) which oversee regional matters. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_6

Frances Moore is the current CEO. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_7

She was appointed the chief executive with a term effective from 1 July 2010. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_8

She replaced John Kennedy OBE, who had headed the organisation since 2005 and was also one of the co-producers of Live Aid and Live8. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_9

Scope of influence International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_2

IFPI represents the recording industry worldwide; there are some 8,000 members across IFPI and its National Group network, operating in over 70 countries and over 70 national groups, affiliated music licensing companies and IFPI offices. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_10

According to its criteria, IFPI membership is open to "a legal entity or person which is either a producer of phonograms or music videos, copies of which are made available to the public in reasonable quantities", though the organisation does not define "reasonable quantities". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_11

National groups and affiliate bodies include SNEP in France; BVMI in Germany; RIAJ in Japan; BPI in the UK; RIAA in the US; ARIA in Australia; Music Canada; AMPROFON in Mexico; Recorded Music New Zealand; Promusicae in Spain; FIMI in Italy and others. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_12

Record labels can be members of both their local industry body and IFPI. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_13

History International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_3

Members of the international phonographic industry formed IFPI at the industry's first international congress in Rome, Italy, held from 10–14 November 1933. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_14

IFPI described its mission as representing "the interests of the recording industry worldwide in all fora" by promoting legislation and copyrights and "to protect the largely British-based recording industry" by promoting a global performance right in gramophone sound recordings. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_15

Phonogram copyrights established International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_4

The IFPI lobbied at the Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organisations of 1961, which established an international standard for the protection of sound recordings, live performances and broadcasts. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_16

This Convention was opposed by trade groups representing authors and composers, who were concerned that establishing such "neighbouring rights" would undermine their own control over how their works were used and would result in prohibitively expensive licensing. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_17

Pressure from United States-based broadcasters who didn't want to license the records they broadcast, among other factors, kept the United States from signing the Convention; the United States would not recognise a separate sound recording copyright until 1971. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_18

Phonogram copy protection efforts International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_5

In an effort to combat copyright violation, in 1971, the IFPI advocated for the Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms (the Geneva Phonograms Convention), which 72 countries signed. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_19

In 1986, the ISO established the International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) standard, ISO 3901. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_20

In 1989, the IFPI was designated the registration authority for ISRC codes. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_21

ISRC codes "enable the use of copyright protected recordings and works to be controlled; facilitate the distribution and collection of royalties (performances, private copying); and assist in the fight against piracy". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_22

To further combat infringement of recorded works, the IFPI and the compact disc manufacturing industry introduced Source Identification (SID) codes in 1994. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_23

The SID codes are markings on optical discs such as compact discs (CD) and digital versatile discs (DVD) that identify the manufacturer, equipment, and master discs used to create each disc. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_24

There are two codes: the SID mastering code and the SID mould code. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_25

The SID mastering code identifies the manufacturing facility used to produce a master from which moulds are produced. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_26

The SID mould code identifies the plant where the disc was moulded (replicated). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_27

Since not all optical disc manufacturing facilities have the ability to both produce master discs and replicate discs, the SID mastering code and SID mould code on a given optical disc may or may not represent the same manufacturing facility. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_28

SID codes follow a standard format consisting of the letters "IFPI" followed by four or five hexadecimal digits. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_29

A number prefaced with "L" is a "mastering code", a serial number taken from a pool assigned by Philips to the manufacturer. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_30

The mastering code identifies the Laser Beam Recorder (LBR) signal processor or mould that produced a particular stamper or a glass master disc from which moulds are produced. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_31

Non-"L" numbers are "mould codes", which identify the manufacturer that replicated the disc. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_32

Phillips assigns the first 2 or 3 digits of the mould code and the remaining digits are a serial number assigned by that plant to its moulds. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_33

The Pirate Bay incidents International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_6

In mid-October 2007, after IFPI let the ifpi.com domain registration lapse, ownership of the ifpi.com domain was transferred to The Pirate Bay, a group which claimed it received the domain from an anonymous donor. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_34

The group set up a Website under the domain titled "International Federation of Pirates Interests", a replacement backronym for IFPI. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_35

Ownership of the domain was returned to IFPI in late November, when a WIPO arbitration panel concluded that "the Disputed Domain Name is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark in which the [IFPI] has rights" and that the Pirate Bay's representative "registered and [was] using the Disputed Domain Name in bad faith" and failed to adequately rebut IFPI's contention that he "has no rights or a legitimate interest in the Disputed Domain Name". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_36

The organisation's website www.ifpi.org was unaffected during the dispute. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_37

Milestones International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_7

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  • 1996 – Platinum Europe Awards establishedInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_0
  • 2003 – Pro-Music established, a website with a directory of licensed music services in each country, supported by a cross-sector industry groups and set up and run by IFPIInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_1
  • 2004 – IFPI's Global Music Report first published (an annual publication; first edition called Online Music Report and subsequently renamed Digital Music Report in 2005. Rebranded to current name in 2016 and combined with separate publication Recording Industry in Numbers as combined report Global Music Report)International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_2
  • 2005 – IFPI instrumental in litigation against illegal file-sharing site Kazaa, which later became a licensed serviceInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_3
  • 2009 – coordinated music industry action against The Pirate Bay, resulting in a high profile ruling against the site’s operatorsInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_4
  • 2013 – IFPI’s Global Recording Artist of the Year Award is established; a list of the world’s top 10 most popular artists across a calendar year. The artist in the number one spot is presented with a physical award by IFPI.International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_5
  • 2015 – Launch of New Music Fridays, the global switch to all markets releasing music on a Friday, driven by a steering committee including IFPIInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_6
  • 2015 – IFPI led legal action against Russian site vKontakte which led to a Russian court ordering the service to stop its “large scale infringement” and later saw the site become licensed in 2016International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_7
  • 2017 – IFPI co-ordinated legal action leading to the closure of the world’s largest stream-ripping site, YouTubeMP3International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_8
  • 2019 – Changes to the European Copyright Directive—designed to great a fairer licensing environment for recorded music online—are adopted by the European Parliament, following a campaign by the creative industries, including IFPIInternational Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_9
  • 2020 - A Sub-Saharan Africa IFPI regional office was opened in Nairobi, working across the region's 46 markets.International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_item_0_10

Certifications and Awards International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_8

IFPI publishes three annual top 10 charts: Global Artist of the Year Award, Global Top Digital Single, and Global Top Album. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_38

Launched in January 2014, the IFPI Global Artist of the Year award and chart was the first global chart to accurately capture the popularity of artists across streaming channels, alongside digital and physical album and singles sales. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_39

The independently verified chart includes sales of albums – across digital, CD and vinyl formats; singles, both downloaded and physical; and streams across the calendar year. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_40

The chart includes all the music of each artist featured, not just one track or album. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_41

It uses album equivalent units to combine measurements of downloads, physical sales and streams. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_42

The Global Top 10 Recording Artist Chart is published each year, with the number-one artist being presented with a physical award. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_43

The winners have been: One Direction in 2013, Taylor Swift in 2014, Adele in 2015, Drake in 2016, Ed Sheeran in 2017, Drake in 2018and Taylor Swift in 2019. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_44

The organisation also publishes the top performing global singles and albums each year. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_45

The most recent winners, for 2019, were Billie Eilish's bad guy and ARASHI's [[5x20_All_the_Best! International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_46

!_1999%E2%80%932019|5x20 All the Best!! International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_47

1999–2019]] respectively. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_48

Formerly, IFPI ran certifications called the IFPI Platinum Europe Awards and the IFPI Middle East Awards. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_49

The IFPI Platinum Europe Awards were founded in 1996. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_50

They are awarded for actual retail sales (as opposed to shipments) of one million albums, in one of the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_51

The IFPI Middle East Awards were established in October 2009. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_52

They were awarded for sales in either Lebanon or the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_53

in the GCC, Gold certificate was awarded for sales of 3,000 units and Platinum for sales of 6,000 units. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_54

In Lebanon, Gold certificate was awarded for sales of 1,000 units and Platinum for sales of 2,000 units. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_sentence_55

See also International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_section_9

International Federation of the Phonographic Industry_unordered_list_1


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.