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Part 1 covers the registration of two-letter codes.
There are 184 two-letter codes registered as of December 2018.
The registered codes cover the world's major languages.
These codes are a useful international and formal shorthand for indicating languages.
|Code||ISO 639-1 language name||Endonym|
Many multilingual web sites—such as Wikipedia—use these codes to prefix URLs of specific language versions of their web sites: for example, en.Wikipedia.org is the English version of Wikipedia.
See also IETF language tag.
(Two-letter country-specific top-level-domain code suffixes are often different from these language-tag prefixes).
ISO 639, the original standard for language codes, was approved in 1967.
It was split into parts, and in 2002 ISO 639-1 became the new revision of the original standard.
The last code added was ht, representing Haitian Creole on 2003-02-26.
The use of the standard was encouraged by IETF language tags, introduced in in March 1995, and continued by from January 2001 and from September 2006.
The current version is from September 2009.
Infoterm (International Information Center for Terminology) is the registration authority for ISO 639-1 codes.
New ISO 639-1 codes are not added if an ISO 639-2 code exists, so systems that use ISO 639-1 and 639-2 codes, with 639-1 codes preferred, do not have to change existing codes.
If an ISO 639-2 code that covers a group of languages is used, it might be overridden for some specific languages by a new ISO 639-1 code.
|ISO 639-1||ISO 639-2||Name||Date added||Previously covered by|
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO 639-1.