Ian Curtis

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For other uses, see Ian Curtis (disambiguation). Ian Curtis_sentence_0

Ian Curtis_table_infobox_0

Ian CurtisIan Curtis_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationIan Curtis_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameIan Curtis_header_cell_0_2_0 Ian Kevin CurtisIan Curtis_cell_0_2_1
BornIan Curtis_header_cell_0_3_0 (1956-07-15)15 July 1956

Stretford, Lancashire, EnglandIan Curtis_cell_0_3_1

DiedIan Curtis_header_cell_0_4_0 18 May 1980(1980-05-18) (aged 23)

Macclesfield, Cheshire, EnglandIan Curtis_cell_0_4_1

GenresIan Curtis_header_cell_0_5_0 Ian Curtis_cell_0_5_1
Occupation(s)Ian Curtis_header_cell_0_6_0 Ian Curtis_cell_0_6_1
InstrumentsIan Curtis_header_cell_0_7_0 Ian Curtis_cell_0_7_1
Years activeIan Curtis_header_cell_0_8_0 1976–1980Ian Curtis_cell_0_8_1
LabelsIan Curtis_header_cell_0_9_0 FactoryIan Curtis_cell_0_9_1
Associated actsIan Curtis_header_cell_0_10_0 Joy DivisionIan Curtis_cell_0_10_1
WebsiteIan Curtis_header_cell_0_11_0 Ian Curtis_cell_0_11_1

Ian Kevin Curtis (15 July 1956 – 18 May 1980) was an English singer-songwriter and musician. Ian Curtis_sentence_1

He was the lead singer and lyricist of the post-punk band Joy Division and recorded two albums with the group: Unknown Pleasures (1979) and Closer (1980). Ian Curtis_sentence_2

Curtis was known for his bass-baritone voice, dance style and songwriting typically filled with imagery of desolation, emptiness and alienation. Ian Curtis_sentence_3

Curtis suffered from epilepsy and depression and took his own life on the eve of Joy Division's first North American tour and shortly before the release of Closer. Ian Curtis_sentence_4

His death led to the band's dissolution and the subsequent formation of New Order. Ian Curtis_sentence_5

Despite their short career, Joy Division have exerted a wide-reaching influence. Ian Curtis_sentence_6

John Bush of AllMusic argues that they "became the first band in the post-punk movement by ... emphasizing not anger and energy but mood and expression, pointing ahead to the rise of melancholy alternative music in the '80s". Ian Curtis_sentence_7

According to critic Simon Reynolds, Joy Division's influence has extended from contemporaries such as U2 and the Cure to later acts including Interpol, Bloc Party and Editors. Ian Curtis_sentence_8

Rap artists such as Danny Brown and Vince Staples have cited the band as an influence. Ian Curtis_sentence_9

Early life Ian Curtis_section_0

Curtis was born on 15 July 1956, at the Memorial Hospital in Stretford, Lancashire, and grew up in a working-class household in Macclesfield, Cheshire. Ian Curtis_sentence_10

He was the first of two children born to Kevin and Doreen Curtis. Ian Curtis_sentence_11

From an early age, Curtis was a bookish and intelligent child, displaying a particular flair for poetry. Ian Curtis_sentence_12

He was awarded a scholarship at the age of 11 at Macclesfield's independent King's School. Ian Curtis_sentence_13

Here, he developed his interests in philosophy, literature and eminent poets such as Thom Gunn. Ian Curtis_sentence_14

While at King's School, he was awarded several scholastic awards in recognition of his abilities, particularly at the ages of 15 and 16. Ian Curtis_sentence_15

The year after Curtis had graduated from King's School, the family purchased a house from a relative and moved to New Moston. Ian Curtis_sentence_16

As a teenager, Curtis chose to perform social service by visiting the elderly as part of a school programme. Ian Curtis_sentence_17

While visiting, he and his friends would steal any prescription drugs that they found and later take them together as a group. Ian Curtis_sentence_18

On one occasion when he was 16, after consuming a large dosage of Largactil he and his friends had stolen, Curtis was discovered unconscious in his bedroom by his father and was taken to hospital to have his stomach pumped. Ian Curtis_sentence_19

Curtis had held a keen interest in music since the age of 12, and this interest developed greatly in his teenage years, with artists such as Jim Morrison and David Bowie being particular favourites of his, and thus influencing his poetry and art. Ian Curtis_sentence_20

Curtis could seldom afford to purchase records, leading him to frequently steal them from local shops. Ian Curtis_sentence_21

By his mid-teens, Curtis had also developed a reputation among his peers as a strong-willed individual, with a keen interest in fashion. Ian Curtis_sentence_22

Despite gaining nine O-levels at King's School and briefly studying A-Levels in History and Divinity at St. John's College, Curtis soon became disenchanted with academic life and abandoned his studies to commit himself to finding employment. Ian Curtis_sentence_23

Despite abandoning his studies at St. John's College, Curtis continued to focus on the pursuit of art, literature and music, and would gradually draw lyrical and conceptual inspiration from ever more insidious subjects. Ian Curtis_sentence_24

Curtis obtained a job at a record shop in Manchester City Centre, before obtaining more stable employment within the civil service. Ian Curtis_sentence_25

His employment as a civil servant saw Curtis initially deployed to Cheadle Hulme, where he worked for several months with the Ministry of Defence, before he was offered alternate employment within the Manpower Services Commission in a building at Piccadilly Gardens. Ian Curtis_sentence_26

He later worked as a civil servant in Woodford, Greater Manchester although, at his request, approximately one year later Curtis was posted to Macclesfield's Employment Exchange, where he worked as an Assistant Disablement Resettlement Officer. Ian Curtis_sentence_27

On 23 August 1975, Curtis married Deborah Woodruff, to whom he was introduced by a friend, Tony Nuttall. Ian Curtis_sentence_28

Ian and Deborah initially became friends and then began dating in December 1972, when both were 16 years old. Ian Curtis_sentence_29

Their wedding service was conducted at St Thomas' Church in Henbury, Cheshire. Ian Curtis_sentence_30

Curtis was 19 and Woodruff 18. Ian Curtis_sentence_31

They had one child, a daughter named Natalie, born on 16 April 1979. Ian Curtis_sentence_32

Initially, the couple lived with Ian's grandparents, although shortly after their marriage the couple moved to a working-class neighbourhood in Chadderton, where they paid a mortgage while working in jobs neither enjoyed. Ian Curtis_sentence_33

Before long, the couple became disillusioned with life in Oldham and remortgaged their house before briefly returning to live with Ian's grandparents. Ian Curtis_sentence_34

Shortly thereafter, in May 1977, the couple moved into their own house in Barton Street, Macclesfield, with one of the rooms of the property becoming colloquially known between the couple as Curtis‘s "song-writing room". Ian Curtis_sentence_35

Joy Division Ian Curtis_section_1

Main article: Joy Division Ian Curtis_sentence_36

At a July 1976 Sex Pistols gig at Manchester's Lesser Free Trade Hall, Curtis encountered three childhood school friends named Bernard Sumner, Peter Hook and Terry Mason. Ian Curtis_sentence_37

The trio informed Curtis—whom they had seen at earlier punk gigs at The Electric Circus—of their intentions to form a band and Curtis informed them of his then-recent efforts to do likewise, before proposing himself as both their singer and lyricist. Ian Curtis_sentence_38

Initially, Mason became the band's drummer, but his rehearsal sessions were largely unproductive and he briefly became the band's manager. Ian Curtis_sentence_39

The group then unsuccessfully attempted to recruit several drummers before selecting Stephen Morris in August 1977. Ian Curtis_sentence_40

The band was later managed by Rob Gretton, who—having already seen Joy Division perform live at local venues such as Rafters—offered to become their manager in 1978. Ian Curtis_sentence_41

Initially, the band named themselves "Warsaw", from the title of a song on David Bowie's then-recent album Low, but as this name somewhat conflicted with that of a London-based group named "Warsaw Pakt" they renamed themselves "Joy Division". Ian Curtis_sentence_42

This moniker was derived from the 1955 novel The House of Dolls, which featured a Nazi concentration camp with a sexual slavery wing called the "Joy Division". Ian Curtis_sentence_43

The cover of the band's first EP depicted a drawing of a Hitler Youth beating a drum and the A-side contained a song, "Warsaw", which was a musical retelling of the life of Nazi leader Rudolf Hess. Ian Curtis_sentence_44

After founding Factory Records with Alan Erasmus, Tony Wilson signed the band to his label following its first appearance on the TV music show he hosted, So It Goes, in September 1978. Ian Curtis_sentence_45

This appearance had been largely prompted by an abusive letter sent to Wilson by Curtis and saw the band play the song "Shadowplay". Ian Curtis_sentence_46

While performing with Joy Division, Curtis became known for his quiet and awkward demeanour and a unique dancing style often reminiscent of the epileptic seizures he began experiencing in late 1978. Ian Curtis_sentence_47

Although predominantly a singer, Curtis also played guitar on a handful of tracks (usually when Sumner was playing synthesizer; "Incubation" and a Peel session version of "Transmission" were rare instances when both Sumner and Curtis played guitar). Ian Curtis_sentence_48

Initially, Curtis played Sumner's Shergold Masquerader, but in September 1979 he acquired his own guitar, a Vox Phantom VI Special which had many built-in effects used both live and in studio. Ian Curtis_sentence_49

This included a repeat effect misspelled as "replat" on the control panel. Ian Curtis_sentence_50

Curtis used the guitar on Joy Division's early 1980 European tour and in the video for "Love Will Tear Us Apart". Ian Curtis_sentence_51

Personal life Ian Curtis_section_2

Relationships Ian Curtis_section_3

Curtis' widow has claimed that, in October 1979, Curtis began conducting an affair with the Belgian journalist and music promoter Annik Honoré, whom he had first met at a gig held in Brussels that month. Ian Curtis_sentence_52

Reportedly, despite the fact he had for many years exhibited a somewhat controlling attitude within their relationship (which had included minimising any opportunity for his wife to come into contact with other men), Curtis was consumed with guilt over this affair due to being married and the father to their baby daughter, but at the same time still yearning to be with Honoré. Ian Curtis_sentence_53

On one occasion in 1980, Curtis asked Bernard Sumner to make a decision on his behalf as to whether he should remain with his wife or form a deeper relationship with Honoré; Sumner refused. Ian Curtis_sentence_54

Honoré claimed in a 2010 interview that although she and Curtis had spent extensive periods of time in each other's company, their relationship had been a platonic one. Ian Curtis_sentence_55

Curtis's bandmates later recollected that he began to become slightly "lofty" and distant from them after he had become acquainted with Honoré, who was demanding of his time and attention. Ian Curtis_sentence_56

These facts would occasionally invoke pranks directed at himself and Honoré from them. Ian Curtis_sentence_57

He became a vegetarian—likely at Honoré's behest—although he was known to have eaten meat when not in her presence. Ian Curtis_sentence_58

Epilepsy Ian Curtis_section_4

Curtis began suffering epileptic seizures in late 1978; he was officially diagnosed with the condition on 23 January the following year, with his particular case being described by doctors as so severe, his "life would [be] ruled to obsolescence by his severe epilepsy" without the various strong dosages of medications he was prescribed. Ian Curtis_sentence_59

Having joined the British Epilepsy Association, Curtis was initially open to discuss his condition with anyone who enquired, although he soon became withdrawn and reluctant to discuss any issue regarding his condition beyond the most mundane and necessary aspects. Ian Curtis_sentence_60

On each occasion it became apparent a particular prescribed medication failed to control Curtis's seizures, his doctor would prescribe a different anticonvulsant and his wife noted his being "full of renewed enthusiasm" that this particular formulation would help him bring his seizures under control. Ian Curtis_sentence_61

Throughout 1979 and 1980, Curtis's condition gradually worsened amid the pressure of performances and touring, with his seizures becoming more frequent and more intense. Ian Curtis_sentence_62

Following his diagnosis, Curtis continued to drink, smoke and maintain an irregular sleeping pattern—against the advice given to those suffering from the condition. Ian Curtis_sentence_63

The medications Curtis was prescribed for his condition produced numerous side effects, including extreme mood swings. Ian Curtis_sentence_64

This change in personality was also observed by Curtis's wife, family and in-laws, who noted how taciturn he had become in his wife's company. Ian Curtis_sentence_65

Following the birth of his daughter in April 1979, because of the severity of his medical condition, Ian was seldom able to hold his baby daughter in case he compromised the child's safety. Ian Curtis_sentence_66

At the time of the recording of the band's second album, Curtis's condition was particularly severe, with him enduring a weekly average of two tonic-clonic seizures. Ian Curtis_sentence_67

On one occasion during these recordings, Curtis's bandmates became concerned when they noted he had been absent from the recording studio for two hours. Ian Curtis_sentence_68

The band's bassist, Peter Hook, discovered Curtis unconscious on the floor of the studio's toilets, having hit his head on a sink following a seizure. Ian Curtis_sentence_69

Despite instances such as this, Hook stated that, largely through ignorance of the condition, he, Sumner and Morris did not know how to help. Ian Curtis_sentence_70

Nonetheless, Hook was adamant that Curtis never wanted to upset or concern his bandmates, and would "tell [us] what [we] wanted to hear" if they expressed any concern as to his condition. Ian Curtis_sentence_71

In one incident, at a concert held before almost 3,000 people at the Rainbow in Finsbury Park in April 1980, the lighting technicians at the venue—contrary to instructions given to them by Rob Gretton prior to the gig—switched on strobe lights midway through Joy Division's performance, causing Curtis to almost immediately stagger backwards and collapse against Stephen Morris's drum kit in the throes of an evident seizure. Ian Curtis_sentence_72

He had to be carried offstage to the band's dressing room to recuperate. Ian Curtis_sentence_73

When Curtis had recovered from this first seizure, he was adamant the band travel to West Hampstead to honour their commitment to perform their second gig of the evening at this location, although some 25 minutes into this second gig, Curtis's "dancing started to lose its rhythmic sense and change into something else entirely" before he collapsed to the floor and experienced the most violent seizure he had endured to date. Ian Curtis_sentence_74

Stage performances Ian Curtis_section_5

Curtis's onstage dancing was often reminiscent of the seizures he experienced and has been termed by some to be his "epilepsy dance". Ian Curtis_sentence_75

Throughout Joy Division's live performances in 1979 and 1980, Curtis collapsed several times while performing and had to be carried off stage. Ian Curtis_sentence_76

To minimise any possibility of Curtis having epileptic seizures, flashing lights were prohibited at Joy Division gigs; despite these measures, Bernard Sumner later stated that certain percussion effects would cause Curtis to suffer a seizure. Ian Curtis_sentence_77

In April 1980, Terry Mason was appointed as a minder to ensure Curtis took his prescribed medications, avoided alcohol consumption and got sufficient sleep. Ian Curtis_sentence_78

Regarding the choreography of Curtis's stage performances, Greil Marcus in The History of Rock 'n' Roll in Ten Songs quotes Jon Savage from Melody Maker: "Ian's mesmeric style mirrored the ever more frequent epileptic spasms that Deborah Curtis had to cope with at home." Ian Curtis_sentence_79

Marcus remarked that Curtis's performance "might also have been a matter of intentionally replicating fits, re-enacting them, using them as a form of energy and a form of music." Ian Curtis_sentence_80

Curtis's final live performance with Joy Division was on 2 May 1980 at the High Hall of Birmingham University and included Joy Division's first and only performance of "Ceremony", later recorded by New Order and released as their debut single. Ian Curtis_sentence_81

The final song Curtis performed on stage with Joy Division prior to his death was "Digital". Ian Curtis_sentence_82

Depression and initial suicide attempt Ian Curtis_section_6

Following Curtis's first definite suicide attempt on 6 April 1980, Tony Wilson and his partner, Lindsay—expressing deep concerns as to Joy Division's intense touring schedule being detrimental to Curtis's physical and mental well-being—invited him to recuperate at their cottage in Charlesworth. Ian Curtis_sentence_83

While there, he is known to have written several letters to Honoré, proclaiming his love for her as he recuperated. Ian Curtis_sentence_84

By early 1980, Curtis's marriage to Deborah was foundering, as she had commenced divorce proceedings after he had failed to cease all contact with Honoré. Ian Curtis_sentence_85

Curtis enjoyed solitude, but had never been mentally equipped for living alone. Ian Curtis_sentence_86

He was having difficulty balancing his family obligations with his musical ambitions and his health was gradually worsening as a result of his epilepsy, thus increasing his dependency upon others. Ian Curtis_sentence_87

On the evening before his death, Curtis informed Bernard Sumner of his insistence upon seeing his wife that evening. Ian Curtis_sentence_88

He had also made firm plans to rendezvous with his bandmates at Manchester Airport the following day, before their departure for America. Ian Curtis_sentence_89

Death Ian Curtis_section_7

On the evening of 17 May 1980, Curtis asked Deborah to drop her impending divorce proceedings; she replied that it was likely that he would have changed his mind by the following morning and then—mindful of his previous suicide attempt and also concerned that his state of anxiety and frustration might drive Curtis into an epileptic fit—offered to spend the night in his company. Ian Curtis_sentence_90

Deborah then drove to her parents' home to inform them of her intentions. Ian Curtis_sentence_91

When she returned to the couple's home at 77 Barton Street in Macclesfield, Cheshire, his demeanour had changed and he informed his wife of his intentions to spend the night alone, first making her promise not to return to the house before he had taken his scheduled 10 a.m. train to Manchester to meet up with his bandmates. Ian Curtis_sentence_92

In the early hours of the next morning, Curtis died by suicide at the age of 23. Ian Curtis_sentence_93

He had used the kitchen's washing line to hang himself after having written a note to Deborah in which he declared his love for her despite his recent affair with Honoré. Ian Curtis_sentence_94

Deborah found his body soon after. Ian Curtis_sentence_95

In her biography, Touching from a Distance, Deborah recalls finding her husband's body and initially thinking that he was still alive before noticing the washing line around his neck. Ian Curtis_sentence_96

According to Tony Wilson, Curtis spent the few hours before his suicide watching Werner Herzog's 1977 film Stroszek and listening to Iggy Pop's 1977 album The Idiot. Ian Curtis_sentence_97

His wife recollected that he had taken photographs of their wedding and their baby daughter off the walls, apparently to view them as he composed his suicide note. Ian Curtis_sentence_98

At the time of Curtis's suicide, Joy Division were on the eve of their debut North American tour. Ian Curtis_sentence_99

Deborah has stated that Curtis had viewed the upcoming tour with extreme trepidation, not only because of his extreme fear of flying (he had wanted to travel by ship) but also because he had expressed deep concerns as to how American audiences would react to his epilepsy. Ian Curtis_sentence_100

Deborah has also claimed that Curtis had confided in her on several occasions that he held no desire to live past his early twenties. Ian Curtis_sentence_101

He had expressed to both Deborah and Honoré his deep concerns that his medical condition was likely to kill him, in addition to causing him to receive mockery from audiences, and that this mockery would only increase when performing before American audiences on the upcoming tour. Ian Curtis_sentence_102

According to Lindsay Reade, Curtis had informed her shortly before his death of his belief that, with his epilepsy, he could no longer perform live with the band. Ian Curtis_sentence_103

In addition, he had claimed that with the impending release of Closer, he believed the band had hit an artistic pinnacle. Ian Curtis_sentence_104

Wilson later said that it was likely that Curtis saw his act of suicide as somewhat altruistic. Ian Curtis_sentence_105

In a 2007 interview with The Guardian, Stephen Morris expressed regret that nobody had realised during Curtis's life the distress he was in, even though it was evident in his lyrics. Ian Curtis_sentence_106

In a 2013 Guardian interview, Genesis P-Orridge claimed to be the last person with whom Curtis spoke before his death. Ian Curtis_sentence_107

Bassist Peter Hook reflected on the tragedy of the timing of Curtis's death, just before what might have been a breakthrough to fame. Ian Curtis_sentence_108

Hook also claimed that, prior to the release of the 2007 documentary Joy Division, a specialist in epilepsy had viewed the combination of drugs that Curtis had been prescribed for his condition and expressed concerns about the drugs' safety. Ian Curtis_sentence_109

Curtis's body was cremated at Macclesfield Crematorium on 23 May 1980 and his ashes were buried at Macclesfield Cemetery. Ian Curtis_sentence_110

A memorial stone, inscribed with "Ian Curtis 18–5–80" and "Love Will Tear Us Apart", was placed above his ashes. Ian Curtis_sentence_111

This memorial stone was stolen in mid-2008. Ian Curtis_sentence_112

A replacement, bearing the same inscription, was placed in the same location. Ian Curtis_sentence_113

A central "mowing" stone used to hold floral tributes was reported stolen from the grave in August 2019. Ian Curtis_sentence_114

Legacy Ian Curtis_section_8

New Order Ian Curtis_section_9

Main article: New Order (band) Ian Curtis_sentence_115

Shortly after Curtis's cremation, Sumner, Hook and Morris—strongly aided by Rob Gretton— formed a new band. Ian Curtis_sentence_116

Initially calling themselves "The No Names" and playing largely instrumental tracks, they soon became "New Order". Ian Curtis_sentence_117

Shortly after Curtis's death, Bernard Sumner inherited the Vox Phantom VI Special guitar Ian Curtis had acquired in September 1979; he used this instrument in several early New Order songs, including the single "Everything's Gone Green". Ian Curtis_sentence_118

Tributes Ian Curtis_section_10

Numerous New Order songs reference or pay tribute to Curtis. Ian Curtis_sentence_119

The tracks "ICB" (an acronym of 'Ian Curtis, Buried') and "The Him" from their debut album Movement both refer to his passing. Ian Curtis_sentence_120

The instrumental track "Elegia", released in 1985, was also written in his memory, while the 2002 song "Here to Stay" was dedicated to Curtis as well as Rob Gretton and Martin Hannett. Ian Curtis_sentence_121

Joy Division labelmates the Durutti Column paid tribute to Curtis in the form of "The Missing Boy", which appeared on their 1981 album LC. Ian Curtis_sentence_122

In 1990, Psychic TV released "I.C. Ian Curtis_sentence_123

Water", which was dedicated to Curtis. Ian Curtis_sentence_124

In 1999, the post-hardcore band Thursday released a song titled "Ian Curtis" on their debut album, Waiting, while in 2003, Xiu Xiu released the track "Ian Curtis Wishlist" on their second album, A Promise. Ian Curtis_sentence_125

Deborah Curtis has written a biographical account of their marriage, Touching from a Distance, which was first published in 1995. Ian Curtis_sentence_126

This biography details in part his relationship with Annik Honoré. Ian Curtis_sentence_127

Authors Mick Middles and Lindsay Reade released the book Torn Apart: The Life of Ian Curtis in 2006. Ian Curtis_sentence_128

This biography takes a more intimate look at Curtis and includes photographs from personal family albums and excerpts from his letters to Honoré during their relationship. Ian Curtis_sentence_129

Music journalist Paul Morley wrote Joy Division, Piece by Piece, writing about Joy Division 1977–2007; it was published in late 2007. Ian Curtis_sentence_130

The book documents all of his writings and reviews about Joy Division, from their formation until Tony Wilson's death. Ian Curtis_sentence_131

The words "Ian Curtis Lives" are written on a wall in Wallace Street, Wellington, New Zealand. Ian Curtis_sentence_132

The message, which appeared shortly after the singer's death in 1980, is repainted whenever it is painted over. Ian Curtis_sentence_133

A nearby wall on the same street on 4 January 2005 was originally emblazoned "Ian Curtis RIP", later modified to read "Ian Curtis RIP Walk in Silence" along with the incorrect dates "1960–1980". Ian Curtis_sentence_134

Both are referred to as "The Ian Curtis Wall". Ian Curtis_sentence_135

On 10 September 2009, the wall was painted over by Wellington City Council's anti-graffiti team. Ian Curtis_sentence_136

The wall was chalked back up on 16 September 2009. Ian Curtis_sentence_137

The wall was repainted on 17 September 2009, and has been removed and repainted on and off. Ian Curtis_sentence_138

A new and improved design, with correct dates and the original "Walk in Silence", was painted on the wall on 27 February 2013. Ian Curtis_sentence_139

In October 2020, in line with Manchester music and mental wellbeing festival Headstock, a large mural depicting a black and white portrait of Ian Curtis was painted on the side of a building on Port Street in Manchester's Northern Quarter by street artist Aske. Ian Curtis_sentence_140

In 2012, Curtis was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Peter Blake to appear in a new version of the Beatles' Sgt. Ian Curtis_sentence_141 Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover. Ian Curtis_sentence_142

Film portrayals Ian Curtis_section_11

Curtis was portrayed by Sean Harris in the 2002 film 24 Hour Party People, which dramatised the rise and fall of Factory Records from the 1970s to the 1990s. Ian Curtis_sentence_143

In 2007, a British biographical film titled Control about Curtis was released. Ian Curtis_sentence_144

This film was largely based upon Deborah Curtis's book Touching from a Distance. Ian Curtis_sentence_145

The film was directed by the Dutch rock photographer and music video director Anton Corbijn, who had previously photographed the band and directed the video for their single "Atmosphere". Ian Curtis_sentence_146

Deborah Curtis and Tony Wilson were executive producers, while Todd Eckert of Clara Flora was the producer. Ian Curtis_sentence_147

Sam Riley, the lead singer of the band 10,000 Things, portrays Curtis, while Samantha Morton plays his wife, Deborah. Ian Curtis_sentence_148

Control was debuted at the Cannes Film Festival on 17 May 2007 and took three awards at the Directors' Fortnight. Ian Curtis_sentence_149

Control portrays Curtis's secondary school romance with Deborah, their marriage, his problems balancing his domestic life with his rise to fame, his struggles with both his major depressive issues and his poorly medicated epilepsy and his later relationship with Annik Honoré. Ian Curtis_sentence_150

77 Barton Street Ian Curtis_section_12

In 2014, the house in which Curtis committed suicide went on sale. Ian Curtis_sentence_151

Upon hearing this news, a fan initiated a campaign via Indiegogo to raise funds to purchase the house with intentions to preserve the property as a museum to Curtis and Joy Division. Ian Curtis_sentence_152

The campaign only raised £2,000 out of the intended final goal £150,000. Ian Curtis_sentence_153

The money raised was later donated to the Epilepsy Society and MIND charities. Ian Curtis_sentence_154

Upon hearing of the failure of this project, an entrepreneur and musician named Hadar Goldman purchased the property, offering to pay a £75,000 compensation fee on top of the requested house price of £125,000 in order to secure the purchase of 77 Barton Street and thus reverse the transacted sale from a private purchaser, which at the time was already in progress. Ian Curtis_sentence_155

Justifying his decision, Goldman stated he intended the property to act as a Joy Division museum and as a digital hub to support musicians and other artists worldwide. Ian Curtis_sentence_156

Discography Ian Curtis_section_13

with Joy Division Ian Curtis_section_14

Ian Curtis_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian Curtis.