Ilham Aliyev

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ilham Aliyev_table_infobox_0

Ilham AliyevIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_0_0
President of AzerbaijanIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_1_0
Prime MinisterIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_2_0 Artur Rasizade

Novruz Mammadov Ali AsadovIlham Aliyev_cell_0_2_1

Vice PresidentIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_3_0 Mehriban AliyevaIlham Aliyev_cell_0_3_1
Preceded byIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_4_0 Heydar AliyevIlham Aliyev_cell_0_4_1
7th Prime Minister of AzerbaijanIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_5_0
PresidentIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_6_0 Heydar AliyevIlham Aliyev_cell_0_6_1
Preceded byIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_7_0 Artur RasizadeIlham Aliyev_cell_0_7_1
Succeeded byIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_8_0 Artur RasizadeIlham Aliyev_cell_0_8_1
Leader of the New Azerbaijan PartyIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_9_0
Preceded byIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_10_0 Heydar AliyevIlham Aliyev_cell_0_10_1
Personal detailsIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_11_0
BornIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_12_0 İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev
(1961-12-24) 24 December 1961 (age 58)

Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet UnionIlham Aliyev_cell_0_12_1

Political partyIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_13_0 New Azerbaijan PartyIlham Aliyev_cell_0_13_1
Spouse(s)Ilham Aliyev_header_cell_0_14_0 Mehriban Aliyeva ​(m. 1983)​Ilham Aliyev_cell_0_14_1
ChildrenIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_15_0 Leyla

Arzu HeydarIlham Aliyev_cell_0_15_1

ParentsIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_16_0 Heydar Aliyev

Zarifa AliyevaIlham Aliyev_cell_0_16_1

Alma materIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_17_0 Moscow State Institute of International RelationsIlham Aliyev_cell_0_17_1
SignatureIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_18_0 Ilham Aliyev_cell_0_18_1
Military serviceIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_19_0
AllegianceIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_20_0 AzerbaijanIlham Aliyev_cell_0_20_1
Branch/serviceIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_21_0 Armed Forces of the Republic of AzerbaijanIlham Aliyev_cell_0_21_1
Years of serviceIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_22_0 2003–presentIlham Aliyev_cell_0_22_1
RankIlham Aliyev_header_cell_0_23_0 Supreme CommanderIlham Aliyev_cell_0_23_1

Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev, [ilham hejˈdæɾ oɣˈɫu æˈlijɪf; born 24 December 1961) is the fourth and current president of Azerbaijan, serving since 31 October 2003. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_0

The son of the former Azerbaijani leader Heydar Aliyev, Ilham Aliyev was elected president of Azerbaijan in 2003 following his father's death, in an election considered fraudulent and unfair by foreign outlets. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_1

Azerbaijani foreign relations under Aliyev included strengthened cooperation with the European Union (EU) using caviar diplomacy, with Russia, with NATO via the NATO–Azerbaijan Individual Partnership Action Plan, and with the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Ilham Aliyev_sentence_2

The New York Times described Aliyev's foreign policy as being pro-Western, selling oil and gas to Europe and Israel, promoting a moderate form of Islam, and hosting "lavish international events". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_3

During Aliyev's presidency, news have surfaced of various human rights violations in Azerbaijan, which included torture, arbitrary arrests as well as harassment of journalists and non-governmental organizations. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_4

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict continued sporadically during Aliyev's presidency, culminating into a full-scale war in 2020, which ended with a ceasefire agreement, by which most of the territories lost during the First Nagorno-Karabakh war were returned to Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_5

Early life Ilham Aliyev_section_0

Ilham Aliyev's father was Heydar Aliyev, who later became president of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_6

Ilham Aliyev went to Secondary School No. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_7

6 in Baku between 1967 and 1977. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_8

In 1977, Ilham Aliyev entered the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-MSIIR) and in 1982 continued his education as a postgraduate. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_9

In 1985 he received a PhD degree in history. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_10

From 1985 to 1990 Aliyev lectured at MSIIR. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_11

From 1991 to 1994, he led a group of private industrial-commercial enterprises. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_12

In 1994–2003, he was the vice-president, and later the first vice-president of SOCAR, the state-owned Azerbaijani oil and gas company. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_13

He was one of the key figures during the negotiations between the Azerbaijani government and Western oil companies that resulted in several advantageous production sharing agreements, and actively involved in the implementation of Heydar Aliyev's oil strategy. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_14

He is an author of numerous research works on geopolitical aspects of oil strategy of sovereign Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_15

He holds a doctorate degree in political sciences. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_16

Since 1997, Aliyev is the president of the National Olympic Committee of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_17

For his contribution to the development of sports and Olympic movement, he was awarded the highest order of International Olympic Committee and Grand Cordon Order of Merit of the International Military Sports Council. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_18

Party affiliation and electoral history Ilham Aliyev_section_1

In 1999, Ilham Aliyev was elected as the deputy chair of the ruling party New Azerbaijan Party and in 2001, he was elected to the post of first deputy chair at the Second Congress of the Party. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_19

At the third Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party held on March 26, 2005, President Aliyev and the first deputy of the Party was unanimously elected to the post of chairman of the Party. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_20

The fourth and fifth congresses of the party held in 2008 and 2013 unanimously supported his nomination for the next presidential term. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_21

During his chairmanship membership to the party increased to more than 700 thousand. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_22

In 1995, Aliyev was elected to the Parliament of Republic of Azerbaijan; later he became president of the National Olympic Committee (still incumbent). Ilham Aliyev_sentence_23

From 2001 to 2003, Aliyev was elected head of Azerbaijani delegation to Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe (PACE). Ilham Aliyev_sentence_24

Following that, in January 2003, he was elected Deputy-Chairman and bureau member of PACE. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_25

In April 2004, Aliyev was awarded with a medal and diploma of honorable member of PACE for his active participation in PACE events and commitment to European values. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_26

In August 2003, while his father Heydar Aliyev was still formally president of Azerbaijan but was ill and absent from public events, Ilham Aliyev was appointed as Prime Minister. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_27

2003 election Ilham Aliyev_section_2

Main article: 2003 Azerbaijani presidential election Ilham Aliyev_sentence_28

The official results of the October 15, 2003, elections gave victory to Ilham Aliyev, who earned 76.84% of the votes, while Human Rights Watch and the Institute for Democracy in Eastern Europe documented arrests of opposition candidates, police violence against journalist and participants in election rallies, and "widespread fraud and abuse" in the conduct of the election itself. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_29

2008 election Ilham Aliyev_section_3

Main article: 2008 Azerbaijani presidential election Ilham Aliyev_sentence_30

Ilham Aliyev was re-elected in 2008 with 87% of the polls. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_31

A total of seven candidates filed to run in the election who had to collect 40,000 voter signatures. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_32

According to the report of the Election Observation Delegation from the European Parliament the elections took place with no reported unrest and few minor electoral violations. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_33

The report also highlights numerous reforms to the Electoral Code in accordance with OSCE and Council of Europe requirements and standards, which include inking of voters, more transparency of voter lists, and the prohibition of government interference in the election process. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_34

During the 2008 presidential elections, PACE observers included a large group of frankly pro-Azerbaijani MPs. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_35

The variant of the statement on elections, prepared by the head of the group of observers Andreas Herkel, containing critical remarks, faced the rejection of the pro-Azerbaijani group consisting of Michael Hancock, Eduard Lintner and Paul Ville. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_36

Herkel was forced to declare his resignation if criticism did not go into the statement. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_37

During the referendum, which lifted the limits on the number of presidential terms for Ilham Aliyev, four PACE deputies – Eduard Litner, Paul Ville, Khaki Keskin and Pedro Agramunt evaluated the referendum as the progress of democracy. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_38

In a constitutional referendum in 2009, term limits for the presidency were abolished. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_39

The opposition claimed this to be a violation of the Azerbaijani constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_40

European Commission said the step "signalled a serious setback". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_41

2013 election Ilham Aliyev_section_4

Main articles: 2013 Azerbaijani presidential election and caviar diplomacy § 2013 Presidential elections Ilham Aliyev_sentence_42

In the 2013 presidential elections held on 9 October, Aliyev claimed victory with 85 percent of the vote, securing a third five-year term. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_43

Election observation delegations from the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the European Parliament claimed to have observed a free, fair and transparent electoral process with no evidence of voter intimidation. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_44

A day before voting began, however, the Central Election Commission released a new smartphone application intended to allow citizens to watch the ballot counting in real time, and instead the app accidentally showed the results of the election before the election had taken place. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_45

The Central Election Commission tried to explain this away by saying that the initially displayed results were those of the 2008 election, even though the candidates listed, including Jamil Hasanli in second place, were from the 2013 ballot. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_46

Aliyev's main rivals in the election were Jamil Hasanli and Igbal Agazade. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_47

In 2013, Amnesty International called on western leaders to present position on jailed activist which was officially charged with tax evasion and illegal business activity. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_48

Ilham Aliyev has been criticized for his illiberal rule and sometimes Azerbaijan was perceived as one of corrupt states in Europe by analysts and political commentators. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_49

Observers from the OSCE / ODIHR, led by Tana de Zulueta, spoke of restrictions on freedom of speech during elections, while representatives of the European Parliament headed by Pino Arlacchi confirmed free and fair elections. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_50

The European Parliament and PACE issued a joint statement in which they highly appraised the elections. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_51

A group of observers from the US House of Representatives also acknowledged fair elections. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_52

Varying estimates of the elections led to a scandal. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_53

On October 11, the representative of the European Union, Catherine Ashton and European Commissioner Stefan Fule, ignored the assessment of the European Parliament, including in its statement the results of the ODIHR. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_54

The Commission on Foreign Relations of the EU discussed the report of Arlacchi. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_55

During the discussion, representatives of the "green" condemned the report and said that it discredited the European Parliament. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_56

The head of the Socialists’ faction in the EU said that the PACE report cannot be considered reliable at all. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_57

It later emerged that a number of EU representatives traveled to Azerbaijan unofficially and on the dime of Azerbaijani organizations, which was regarded by the "European Voice" as "stupidity or corruption", these trips were labeled "electoral tourism". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_58

The US State Department in its turn discredited the observers from the House of Representatives, describing the elections as not meeting international standards, and expressing solidarity with the ODIHR's assessment. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_59

2018 election Ilham Aliyev_section_5

Main article: 2018 Azerbaijani presidential election Ilham Aliyev_sentence_60

Ilham Aliyev won the 2018 presidential elections with 86.02% of votes. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_61

Since the latest presidential elections, Ilham Aliyev's rating and voter confidence has increased according to the survey result conducted by "Opinion Way" company in April 2019. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_62

His activities have been evaluated as "positive" by more than 85% of the respondents, as well as stability in Azerbaijan has been attributed as the main success of Aliyev's performance by more than 80%. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_63

Foreign policy Ilham Aliyev_section_6

See also: List of presidential trips made by Ilham Aliyev Ilham Aliyev_sentence_64

Azerbaijani foreign relations under Aliyev included strengthened cooperation with the European Union (EU), using caviar diplomacy to persuade European officials to support Azerbaijani projects, strong economic ties with Russia, cooperation with NATO via the NATO–Azerbaijan Individual Partnership Action Plan, and close relations with the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Ilham Aliyev_sentence_65

During Aliyev's presidency, in 2019, Azerbaijan was elected chair of the Non-Aligned Movement for a three-year mandate. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_66

The New York Times described Aliyev's foreign policy as being "'pro-Western' in many of the ways the West admires", selling oil and gas to Europe and Israel, promoting a moderate form of Islam, and hosting "lavish international events", while opposing Western interests represented by US-financed media in Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_67

Relations with United Nations Ilham Aliyev_section_7

See also: Azerbaijan and the United Nations Ilham Aliyev_sentence_68

Ilham Aliyev visited UN Headquarters several times: to attend and address the general debates of the 59th session of the UN General Assembly in September 2004; the 65th session in September 2010; and the 72nd session in September 2017. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_69

During the presidency of Ilham Aliyev, Azerbaijan was elected as a non-permanent member of UN Security Council from the group of Eastern European states on October 24, 2011 for the term of 2012–2013. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_70

On 4 May 2012, Aliyev attended the UN Security Council high-level meeting on strengthening international collaboration in the implementation of counter-terrorism obligations during which, ignoring pressing global threats, Aliyev only spike in his national capacity. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_71

During his various visits to USA, Aliyev met with UN Secretary Generals Kofi Annan, Ban Ki Moon, and António Guterres in New York. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_72

during his presidency, Azerbaijan continued developing mutual relations with specialized agencies and bodies of United Nations. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_73

The country was elected a member of ECOSOC for the term of 2003–2005, 2017–2019, and UN Human Rights Council for the period of 2006–2009. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_74

President Ilham Aliyev approved Country Programme Action Plan for 2005-2009 between Azerbaijan and UNICEF signed on December 29, 2005. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_75

Relations with European Union Ilham Aliyev_section_8

See also: Azerbaijan–European Union relations Ilham Aliyev_sentence_76

Ilham Aliyev expanded cooperation with the European Union (EU) during his presidency, using caviar diplomacy as a controversial technique of persuading European officials to support Azerbaijani projects. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_77

A year after Mr. Aliyev became president, in 2004, Azerbaijan as a southern Caucasus country has been a part of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) of the EU. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_78

Two years later, in 2006, Ilham Aliyev on behalf of Azerbaijan, and Matti Vanhanen, former president of the European Council, and José Manuel Barroso, former president of the commission, on behalf of the EU signed the Memorandum of Understanding on a Strategic Partnership. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_79

In 2009 when the EU launched the initiative, Azerbaijan has been included in the Eastern Partnership Policy. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_80

After two years, in 2011, Ilham Aliyev and José Manuel Barroso, Former President of the European Commission, concluded the Joint Declaration on the Southern Gas Corridor. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_81

Ilham Aliyev affirmed the significance of the Joint Declaration in the field of energy cooperation between the EU and Azerbaijan during its visit to Brussels in 2013 with the following words: "Of course, energy cooperation is one of the most important components of our relations. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_82

I am glad that after the signing, together with President Barroso, of the Declaration on strategic cooperation in the energy sector in Baku at the beginning of 2011, we are currently seeing its practical results. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_83

This declaration has played a major role in the implementation of the gas corridor." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_84

On 6 February 2017, Aliyev visited Brussels, the capital of the EU, for the bilateral and multilateral meetings. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_85

He paid official visits to High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, with the President of the European Council, Commission President, and the Commissioner for Energy Union. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_86

After the visit of President Aliyev, on 7 February 2017, the process of negotiations for a new bilateral agreement between Azerbaijan and the EU has been launched. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_87

The end of negotiations process was marked by signing the "Partnership Priorities" between EU and Azerbaijan agreed on July 11, 2018 during Ilham Aliyev's working visit to Brussels. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_88

Relations with France Ilham Aliyev_section_9

During 12–15 March 2017, President Aliyev made official visit to France and met with executive officials of international companies SUEZ, DCNS, CIFAL, Space Systems in the Airbus Defence and Space Division. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_89

President Aliyev in his meeting with French entrepreneurs stated that illegal activities of some companies in Nagorno-Karabakh is unacceptable and violates international and national laws. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_90

Following his visit, Aliyev met with the French President in the Elysee Palace. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_91

French President Francois Hollande made a that status quo in Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is not the right option and he hopes that there can be a resumption of negotiations and he urged other co-chairs of the Minsk Group, the United States and Russia, to contribute to this process. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_92

Relations with Russia Ilham Aliyev_section_10

See also: Azerbaijan–Russia relations Ilham Aliyev_sentence_93

Ilham Aliyev repeatedly characterized Azerbaijan-Russia relations as strategic partnership. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_94

On 6 February 2004, Ilham Aliyev and Vladimir Putin, the president of Russia, signed the Moscow Declaration, which stated principles of relations between Azerbaijan and Russia. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_95

On 11 August 2004, President Aliyev adopted an Order to hold "Year of Russia in Azerbaijan" in 2006 following the decision of Russia to hold "Year of Azerbaijan in Russia" in 2005. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_96

On February 16, 2005, Ilham Aliyev paid a working visit to Moscow and participated in the ceremony of opening the Year of Azerbaijan in Russia. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_97

. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_98

Four months later, on June 14–15, 2005 – Ilham Aliyev again visited Russia and met with Russian president Vladimir Putin within the framework of ninth international economic forum. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_99

On 29 June 2006, Ilham Aliyev and Dmitry Medvedev, former President of the Russian Federation, concluded a joint statement on the Caspian Sea. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_100

On November 1, 2017, another meeting took place between Ilham Aliyev and Vladimir Putin in Tehran, the capital of Iran. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_101

Ilham Aliyev appraised the relations between two countries with the following words while meeting with Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council of Russia and Chairman of People's Assembly of Dagestan: "While reviewing the agenda of our bilateral relations at another meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin, we found out that there is no a single issue that would need solution…Of course, today Russia and Azerbaijan demonstrate high-level good-neighborly, partnership and reliable friendly relations. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_102

". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_103

In his visit to Sochi in early September 2018, Ilham Aliyev met his Russian counterpart and they signed the Joint Statement on Priority Areas of Economic Cooperation between the 2 countries. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_104

Ilham Aliyev called Russia "very important and valuable partner" during Putin's visit to Baku on September 27 on his invitation. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_105

Ilham Aliyev has built a relationship with the Russian Orthodox Church. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_106

On 24 April 2010, President Aliyev was awarded with the Order of Glory and Honour, a highest decoration of the Russian Orthodox Church, following the Order of St. Sergius of Radonezh 1st class in the past. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_107

By the Order of Ilham Aliyev, Patriarch Kirill was granted with the "Sharaf" (Honor) medal of Azerbaijan in 2010. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_108

Following the initiative of President Aliyev, a trilateral summit between Russian, Iranian and Azerbaijani leaders was held in Baku in 2016 for purpose of fighting against terrorism, transnational organized crime, arms smuggling and drug trafficking in the region. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_109

Presidents of Azerbaijan, Iran and Russia through trilaterally signed declaration pledged to develop the strategic transnational project, the International North-South Transport Corridor, which would run from India all the way to St. Petersburg in Russia, providing a faster and cheaper alternative to existing sea routes. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_110

The next trilateral meeting held in 2017, the leaders exchanged views on mutual relations in the fields of transit and energy. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_111

Relations with United States Ilham Aliyev_section_11

See also: Azerbaijan–United States relations Ilham Aliyev_sentence_112

Ilham Aliyev has sought to expand relations with the US. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_113

In this context, he made his first official visit to Washington at the invitation of former US President George W. Bush on April 25–28, 2006. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_114

During the meeting, he discussed issues of oil and gas industry, regional and global energy security, transportation, etc. with his American counterpart. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_115

On September 24, 2010, Ilham Aliyev met the 44th US President Barack Obama in New York when he visited the US for the 65th Session of the UN General Assembly. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_116

Ilham Aliyev's next official visit to the USA has been made within the framework of Nuclear Security Summit at the invitation of Barack Obama on March 31 – April 1, 2016. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_117

Ilham Aliyev held a bilateral meeting with former Vice President Joe Biden. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_118

The parties had discussions on counterterrorism and cooperation in various fields. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_119

Joe Biden emphasized the importance of the Southern Gas Corridor to strengthen energy security of Europe. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_120

On September 20, 2017, Ilham Aliyev met US President Donald Trump at the reception hosted by latter in the framework of the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly in New York. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_121

In his letter to the President Ilham Aliyev on the opening of 24th annual International Caspian Oil and Gas Exhibition and Conference in Baku, Donald Trump mentioned that US is strongly committed to Southern Gas Corridor which ensures energy security of Europe and appreciates Azerbaijan's important role in supporting this global energy security. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_122

Relations with North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Ilham Aliyev_section_12

See also: Azerbaijan–NATO relations Ilham Aliyev_sentence_123

Ilham Aliyev has extended Azerbaijan's collaboration with NATO, as the country joined the Individual Partnership Action Plan in 2004, which allows the systematisation of bilateral partnerships as well as the coordination of cooperation on any issue of mutual interest. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_124

Azerbaijan has completed NATO-Azerbaijan Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) documents for the first (2005-2007), second (2008-2010) and the third (2012-2013) period. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_125

Ilham Aliyev introduced Azerbaijan's first IPAP to NATO in Brussels on May 19, 2014. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_126

Ilham Aliyev visited Paris in May 2006 and attended the spring session of NATO Parliament Assembly. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_127

In 2006, November 8 he met Secretary-General of NATO Jaap de Hoop Scheffer in Brussels. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_128

Ilham Aliyev has visited Brussels several times; he met with Jaap de Hoop Scheffer bilaterally on April 29 before the meeting of North Atlantic Council. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_129

During his visit to Brussels in February 2012, Ilham Aliyev was welcomed by Secretary-General of NATO Anders Fogh Rasmussen at NATO Headquarters and they discussed the possible future enhancement of cooperation between Azerbaijan and NATO. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_130

In 2014, again the President Aliyev met with NATO Secretary General and participated in the meeting of North Atlantic Council as part of his working visit to Brussels. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_131

As the President of the country contributing to the NATO-led operations in Afghanistan, Ilham Aliyev participated at the meetings during NATO Summit in Chicago in 2012 and NATO Summit in Wales in September 2014. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_132

Ilham Aliyev took part in the session on Afghanistan at the NATO Summit in Warsaw in July, 2016. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_133

On 23 November 2017, President Ilham Aliyev met with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Brussels. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_134

They discussed the partnership between NATO and Azerbaijan and regional security in the South Caucasus. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_135

The Secretary General also appreciated Azerbaijan's contribution to NATO-led "Resolute Support" mission in Afghanistan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_136

Azerbaijan's balanced foreign policy and regional importance has allowed top military officers of USA and Russia - Joseph Dunford, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Valery Gerasimov, Chief of General Staff - to decide on their meeting on cooperation to be held in Baku. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_137

Relations with Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Ilham Aliyev_section_13

Ilham Aliyev repeatedly stated that relations with the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) are among the priorities for Azerbaijan in foreign policy. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_138

During his presidency, Aliyev met with the Secretary General of OIC for the first time within the framework of the third extraordinary summit of IOC in Mecca city, in 2005 In 2006, 2009, 2012, 2013, President Aliyev received the Secretary General of OIC in Baku, Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_139

Accordingly, on 6 April 2015, he visited to the OIC Headquarter in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and met with Secretary General of the OIC. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_140

Ilham Aliyev received President of the Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation in 2006 and 2007 in Baku. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_141

Furthermore, on September 3, 2006, he participated in the ceremony of Inauguration of permanent headquarters of the Islamic Conference Youth Forum for dialogue and Cooperation in Istanbul, Turkey. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_142

Following the decision of the fifth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers to declare Baku as Capital of Islamic Culture for 2009, on 27 August 2008, Ilham Aliyev adopted an Order on the Preparation of the International event named "Baku – Capital of Islamic Culture". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_143

He signed an Order to establish Organising Committee regarding the decision of the sixth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers to designate Nakhchivan city as Capital of Islamic Culture for 2018. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_144

On 26–27 April 2017, OIC conference on the Role of media in the development of tolerance and mutual understanding was held under the auspices of President Ilham Aliyev in pursuance of the Baku declaration which was adopted by OIC Foreign Ministers at 33rd session. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_145

Domestic policy Ilham Aliyev_section_14

Cultural policy Ilham Aliyev_section_15

In 2008, President Aliyev launched the "Baku Process" initiative for promotion of intercultural dialogue at the Conference of Ministers responsible for Culture under the theme of "Intercultural dialogue as a basis for peace and sustainable development in Europe and its neighboring regions." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_146

While delivering a speech at the 65th Session of the United Nations General Assembly (23 September 2010, New York) President Aliyev announced his intention to organize World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_147

His initiative was supported by international organizations such as UNESCO, UN Alliance of Civilizations, World Tourism Organization, Council of Europe, North-South Center of the Council of Europe, and ISESCO.Starting from 2011, four high level World Forums on Intercultural Dialogue has been held in Baku until 2017 Ilham Aliyev by signing a respective decree approved "Conception of Culture of Azerbaijan Republic" on 14 February 2014. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_148

Three months later on 15 May 2014, he signed the Decree on the Formation of Baku International Centre of Multiculturalism He also by Presidential decree of 11 January 2016 declared the year 2016 as "the Year of Multiculturalism" in Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_149

Aliyev characterized the tolerance and multiculturalism as a state policy and lifestyle in Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_150

on April 25–27, 2016, Azerbaijan hosted seventh Global Forum of the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) under the theme "Living Together in Inclusive Societies, A Challenge and A Goal" Decree on Approving the State Program for the Protection and Development of Carpet Art in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2018-2022 was signed by Ilham Aliyev on February 28, 2018 in order to protect carpet waving traditions, enhance export potential of carpets and provide more workplaces for the people engaged in this area. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_151

Science policy Ilham Aliyev_section_16

On May 5, 2004, President Ilham Aliyev signed an Order to establish "Azerbaijan National Encyclopedia" Science Center. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_152

Almost four years later, on 10 April 2008, he approved the Decree to constitute the State Commission on Reforms in Science. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_153

On October 21, 2009, Ilham Aliyev signed another Order on Establishment of the Science Development Foundation under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_154

Almost four months later, on 19 February 2010, President Ilham Aliyev approved the Charter of the Science Development Foundation. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_155

On January 14, 2016, Ilham Aliyev by his Decree established the National Commission of the Republic of Azerbaijan for Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_156

He also established Ganja Branch of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences on December 19, 2012. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_157

On November 8, 2016, President Aliyev approved an Order to create High-Tech Park of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_158

Another State Program in the field of science approved by Ilham Aliyev in November 2018 is "2019-2022 State Program on development of distance surveillance services in the Republic of Azerbaijan through satellite". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_159

Humanitarian policy Ilham Aliyev_section_17

Under the instruction of Ilham Aliyev, Azerbaijan sent humanitarian aid to Palestine, Nepal, Djibouti on April 10, 2017, and to Rohingya refugees on September 8, 2017. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_160

On 27 February 2012, Vlade Divac, Chairman of Olympic Committee of Serbia and the founder of "Foundation Ana and Vlade Divac," decorated Ilham Aliyev with the international award of a "True friend of the Balkans" also provision of humanitarian aid and policies among others. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_161

Ilham Aliyev co-founded Baku International Humanitarian Forum along with Vladimir Putin. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_162

He together with other high-ranked officials of states and international organizations participated in the opening ceremonies and delivered speeches in the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth Baku International Humanitarian Forums held in 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2016 respectively. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_163

He appreciated the role of the event in the Baku International Humanitarian Forum with the following words: "...humanitarian events send a message to the world that progressive representatives of the world should consolidate their efforts even more closely... Ilham Aliyev_sentence_164

The deepening of international humanitarian cooperation can prevent the negative and enhance positive trends to some extent." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_165

Healthcare policy Ilham Aliyev_section_18

During Aliyev's presidency, the following healthcare rules were implemented: "State care for people with diabetes" in 2003; "Turnover of narcotics, psychotropic substances and their precursors" in 2005; "Pharmaceutical products" in 2006; "Fight against the disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus" in 2010; "State care of multiple sclerosis" in 2012; "Mandatory child dispensing" in 2013. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_166

According to the Decree of the President Ilham Aliyev, The State Agency on Mandatory Health Insurance under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan was established on 27 December 2007. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_167

Development Concept of "Azerbaijan 2020: vision to the future" which defines maintaining high quality health services to population as major objective was adopted by president Ilham Aliyev on 29 December 2012. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_168

In 2016, November 29, Ilham Aliyev signed a decree on "Measures to implement pilot project on application of compulsory health insurance in Mingachevir city and Yevlakh region" two regions of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_169

Youth policy Ilham Aliyev_section_19

On October 19, 2006, President Ilham Aliyev initiated a policy on the education of Azerbaijani youth in foreign countries, in which he tasked state bodies to draft respective state programs. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_170

which he adopted on 16 April 2007. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_171

On February 9, 2007, Ilham Aliyev declared 2007 "Year of youth" in Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_172

In 2007, Azerbaijan hosted the event "Youth for the alliance of civilizations" International conference co-organized, at the Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation, by the Heydar Aliyev Foundation, United Nations Development Program, the Council of Europe and ISESCO. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_173

On December 19, 2011, Ilham Aliyev signed the decree on the establishment of the Youth Foundation under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan which intends to provide support to youth initiatives. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_174

Presidential Award for Youth was created by the decree of Ilham Aliyev in July 2013. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_175

On September 15, 2017, Ilham Aliyev signed the order on adoption of "Azerbaijani youth 2017-2025" state program. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_176

Environmental policy Ilham Aliyev_section_20

On March 24, 2006, Ilham Aliyev signed an Order on adoption of "National Strategy and Action Plan on Protection and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in the Republic of Azerbaijan." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_177

10 years after, on October 3, 2016, he signed another Order on Approval of the "National Strategy for the Protection and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2017-2020." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_178

On July 8, 2008, Ilham Aliyev signed a Decree on approval of "Standards of vibration and noise pollution that adversely affect the environment and human health." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_179

On October 16, 2009, at the expanded meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers on the results of socioeconomic development in nine months of 2009, Ilham Aliyev proposed to declare the year 2010 as the "Year of Environment." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_180

As a follow up to this measures, four months later, on February 18, 2010, he chaired a meeting on environmental problems Within the scope of the "Year of Environment", the "Azerbaijan for a Green World" international ecological exhibition was held to which President Aliyev attended on September 17, 2010. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_181

Economic policy Ilham Aliyev_section_21

Due to governmental economic policies during Aliyev's rule, GDP of Azerbaijan between the years of 2003–2016 increased more than 5 times, form US$7.276 Billion in 2003 to US$37.848 Billion in 2016 according to World Bank data. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_182

In 2007, March 6 Aliyev signed the Decree on the Establishment of Special Economic Zones in Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_183

On 20 April 2016, Aliyev signed a Decree to establish the Center for Analysis of Economic Reforms and Communication. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_184

On November 6, 2017, he passed another Decree to establish "Azerbaijan Industrial Corporation" Open Joint-Stock Company. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_185

Ilham Aliyev participated in the World Economic Forum Annual Meetings held in Davos- Klosters, Switzerland in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_186

Ilham Aliyev defines the diversification of exports as one of priority direction in the future of national economy. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_187

In 2019 WEF meeting, Ilham Aliyev noted that according to 2019 Doing Business report, Azerbaijan's position improved 32 steps and ranked 25th among 190 economies. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_188

Social policy Ilham Aliyev_section_22

As President Aliyev has stated that the social welfare of the people of Azerbaijan is one of the priority areas of his policy.Social policy has been conducting through state programs and laws in different aspects of social matters. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_189

The State Program on Poverty Reduction in Azerbaijan for 2008–2015, State Program on development of insurance-pension system of the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2009–2015, State Program on socio-economic development of regions for 2004–2008, 2009–2013, 2014–2018, 2019–2023, Law on Targeted State Social Assistance (2005), Law on labor pensions (2006), Decree on certain issues of mortgage lending (2016), Order on providing one-time assistance to low-income families (2018) are among those signed by President Aliyev aimed at advancing social security and social infrastructure in the country. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_190

Besides, laws on social protection of people in different categories such as veterans, refugees, IDPs, disabled people including war invalids, and families of martyrs have been adopted. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_191

Since the beginning of 2019, the number of martyrs' families provided with a lump-sum allowance has been increased, the amount of Presidential scholarship paid to them, as well as the amount of government scholarship for students have been raised, compensation has been allocated to the individuals suffered from devaluation whose credit burden increased. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_192

In June 2019, President Aliyev signed a decree on increasing the minimum wage to 250 manats from September 1 of the same year. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_193

Religious policy Ilham Aliyev_section_23

On January 10, 2017 Ilham Aliyev by his decree announced the year of 2017 as the year of Islamic Solidarity. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_194

Later the same year he signed another decree and allocated funding for organization of measures related to the year of Islamic Solidarity. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_195

Aliyev signed three Orders on financial assistance to religious organizations in Azerbaijan in 2014, 2016, and 2017. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_196

The financial assistance from the Presidential Reserve Fund has been apportioned among Caucasian Muslims Office, the Archbishop of Baku and Azerbaijan of the Russian Orthodox Church, the Community of Mountain Jews, the Community of European Jews, the Apostolic Prefecture of the Roman Catholic Church, and the Alban-Udi Christian Community. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_197

In 2014 and 2015, Aliyev approved two Orders on "Additional measures to reinforce the promotion of religious culture, tolerance, interreligious and intercultural dialogue in Azerbaijan." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_198

According to the Orders, 3 million manats (6 million in total) were allocated to the Religious Culture Development Fund from the Presidential Reserve Fund On July 17, 2015, Aliyev allocated 3 million manats from the Presidential Reserve Fund to restore religious historical and cultural monuments in Azerbaijan despite all declared governmental policies by Aliyev, Azerbaijan became a hotbed for Syrian extremist mercenaries such as Alhamza division and Sultan Murad division during the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_199

Judicial policy Ilham Aliyev_section_24

With the Decree on the Modernization of the Judicial system signed on 19 January 2006 by President Aliyev, the country took a further step in terms of the quality of the judicial system. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_200

New courts, as well as new appeal courts in regions were established to increase the effectiveness and people's access to courts in regions. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_201

The number of judges were increased, court activities modernized and the apparatus of courts upgraded based on the Decree. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_202

Based on the new judicial system, appeal courts (composed of 4 chambers – Civil, Criminal, Military and Administrative-Economic) started to operate in 6 regions of Azerbaijan to fulfill their duties on territorial jurisdiction. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_203

The Amendments to the "Law on Courts and Judges" and "Law on Judicial-Legal Council" adopted as a result of cooperating with the Council of Europe also played an important role in increasing the effectiveness of the judicial system in Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_204

Another phase in the judicial-legal system of Azerbaijan has started with the Decree on Deepening Reforms in the Judicial System signed by Aliyev on April 3, 2019. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_205

Criminal Code of Azerbaijan and Law on Constitutional Court of Azerbaijan have been amended since then. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_206

National development concept "Azerbaijan 2020: Vision to the future" Ilham Aliyev_section_25

"Azerbaijan 2020: Vision to the future" national economic development concept is considered one of major strategic initiatives of Aliyev for further development of the country. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_207

The respective Decree on preparation of this concept was signed by him on November 29, 2011, and the concept itself was adopted on December 29, 2012 by his another Decree. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_208

The concept provides measures and actions for development of various fields of economy and increase in public welfare by the year of 2020. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_209

In its messages for Azerbaijan's voluntary Report on implementation of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals the concept of "Azerbaijan 2020: vision to the future" formulated by Aliyev was described as a strategy which reflects the longer-term national aspirations, opportunities for investors and the key challenges on the way towards those goals. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_210

A similar approach was noted in the report prepared for World Economic Forum 2015 and published in the Foreign Affairs magazine. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_211

The specialised economic magazine "The Business Year" assessed the outcomes of the concept initiated by Aliyev as a wise designed strategy which planned to secure national economic interests of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_212

In November 2018, Aliyev approved the State Program on Increasing International Competitiveness of the Higher Education System in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2019-2023 within the framework of this concept. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_213

Strategic road maps for national economy Ilham Aliyev_section_26

President Ilham Aliyev signed a Decree endorsing "Strategic road maps for the National Economy and main economic sectors" on December 6, 2016. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_214

On January 16, 2017, Ilham Aliyev met with Dominic Barton, the global managing partner of McKinsey&Company, which undertook the preparation of the strategic road maps, within the World Economic Forum in Davos. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_215

Public administration reforms Ilham Aliyev_section_27

Ilham Aliyev during his public statements regularly stressed that governance and anticorruption reforms are the priority of the state policy and for this purpose his government take administrative steps and institutional measures. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_216

Since his presidency in 2003, Aliyev has adopted 5 anti-corruption policy, public administration reforms documents for the following years: 2004-2006 (State Programme on Fight Against Corruption), 2007-2011(National Strategy on Strengthening Transparency and Fight Against Corruption), 2012-2015 (National Action Plans on Fight Against Corruption and Promotion of Open Government) and 2016-2018 (National Action Plan on Promotion of Open Government). Ilham Aliyev_sentence_217

On 3 March 2004, Aliyev signed decree to enforce Law on Fight against Corruption, established specialised Anti-Corruption Directorate under General Prosecutor Office and within the same decree instructed drafting the statute of another entity Commission on Combating Corruption to be specialised in prevention of Corruption. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_218

Consequently, on 1 June 2005, Aliyev signed decree to enforce the Law adopting the noted Statute. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_219

In order to strengthen carried out measures in the field of Anti-Money Laundering and Counter Terrorism Financing, Aliyev adopted National Action Plan (2017 – 2019) on Anti-Money Laundering and Fight against Financing of Terrorism on 18 November 2016. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_220

TI's well known report the 2013 Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) indicates 69% of respondents consider that the government's efforts are effective in the fight against corruption and 71% of respondents agree that an ordinary person can make a difference in the fight against corruption in Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_221

Aliyev's government officially alleged that CPI does not reflect carried out anti-corruption measures in the country, such as CPI is composed of sources which are based on expert views. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_222

However, government officials claimed to support results of GCB, considering its results are based on survey of citizens. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_223

According to Transparency International's Azerbaijan scores just 30 on the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index, indicating a serious problem with corruption. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_224

On 8 August 2017, Transparency Azerbaijan announced that it had scaled back its operations in the capital city of Baku, because the government would not approve an extension of the funding as it comes from outside the country. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_225

According to Transparency International "The blanket ban on foreign grants has brought the country’s civil society to a halt and has dealt a devastating blow to civic initiatives across the board". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_226

ASAN service, which was established by presidential decree in 2012, is internationally recognized for its role in elimination of corruption in public services and received United Nation's award on public service delivery. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_227

ASAN service is currently researched and applied by world countries such as France which signed a memorandum with Azerbaijan in order to apply practice of ASAN service (mobile service system) in France. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_228

In addition, during a meeting with Pakistanian delegation, Pakistani side expressed the integration of ASAN Service model into their government service fields as well. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_229

Based on concept of "ASAN service" experience, the government of Afghanistan has established "Asan Khedmat" public service center, which functions under the auspices of the Ministry of Finance. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_230

"ASAN service" is currently researched and applied by foreign countries, including Albania, Italy, Estonia, Republic of Macedonia, Indonesia and others. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_231

On March 14, 2018, it was launched E-government Development Center. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_232

The service was set up based on the presidential Decree No.1885 named "About e-government development and measures related to the transition to digital government". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_233

The service tries to utilize digital technologies, establish e-government to make state services operate more efficiently, ensure public services availability, and improve the living standards of the citizens of the country. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_234

Actually, the service monitors the performance of the ASAN Payment, ASAN Visa, ASAN Wi-Fi, ASAN Finance and other relevant projects. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_235

Energy and transport policy Ilham Aliyev_section_28

On 17 March 2015, Aliyev attended the launch of Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline along with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili in Kars. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_236

In January 2013, in Baku, Aliyev together with the President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso signed a Joint Declaration on delivery of Azerbaijan gas to Europe. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_237

Aliyev took part in official opening ceremony of Baku–Tbilisi–Kars (BTK) on October 30, 2017. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_238

Aliyev had previously stressed the importance the development of BTK railway in his public statements. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_239

On 15 November 2017, Aliyev signed the Lapis Lazuli route agreement in a formal ceremony along with the leaders of Afghanistan, Georgia, Turkey and Turkmenistan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_240

The route was later inaugurated by the President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani on December 13, 2018. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_241

International sporting events Ilham Aliyev_section_29

Ilham Aliyev is the president of the National Olympic Committee of the Azerbaijan Republic since 1997. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_242

During his presidency of the National Olympic Committee, Azerbaijan hosted some international sports events such as the 1st European Games, 4th Islamic Solidarity Games and 42nd Chess Olympiad. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_243

In 2016, Aliyev signed a decree on increasing the number of the special Olympic scholarships for the Olympic champions of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_244

The decree came into force on January 1, 2017. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_245

In 2017, Aliyev signed a decree on the creation of the Organizing Committee in connection with holding the BMX Racing World Cycling Championship in Baku. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_246

The championship was held on June 5–9, 2018. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_247

Ilham Aliyev met with the President of "Formula One Management", Bernie Ecclestone, on June 16, 2016 regarding the preparations for the Formula 1 European Grand Prix which was to be held in Baku in 2013. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_248

Aliyev attended various opening ceremonies and award ceremonies where he handed over the trophy to the winner. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_249

Criticism Ilham Aliyev_section_30

Economic policies Ilham Aliyev_section_31

Further allegations relate to his economic policies, as some analysts and politicians claimed that falling oil prices and related economic turmoil in global markets indicated that Ilham Aliyev's economic policies caused the Azerbaijan economy to become dependent on oil and gas. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_250

They asserted that the government failed to manage the economic crisis well, and Aliyev's policy does not promise to solve the challenges in the economy. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_251

Critics also did not welcome the borrowing of assets from international financial institutions as a remedial solution. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_252

Ilham Aliyev and his office was accused of the devaluation of Azerbaijan currency. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_253

Further, critics have questioned Aliyev's lack of progress for export diversification, with experts stating Azerbaijan will cease to produce a significant amount of oil by 2030. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_254

However, following developments and recent economic figures indicate that implemented reforms and applied policies were timely and effective in terms of decreasing the negative impact of falling oil prices. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_255

In the 2019 Doing Business report, Azerbaijan climbed 32 spots in comparison with 2017 to rank 25th among 190 states this year, topping CIS counties. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_256

On January 11, 2019, at the expanded meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers on the results of socioeconomic development in 2018, Ilham Aliyev stressed that Azerbaijani's foreign exchange reserves today amount to $45 billion and its external debt has dropped from 22.8 to 19 percent. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_257

Assertions of corruption Ilham Aliyev_section_32

Andrew Higgins, writing in The Washington Post, stated in 2010 that Azerbaijanis with the same names as Ilham Aliyev's three children owned real estate in Dubai worth about $75 million. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_258

Higgins stated that some members of the family are indeed wealthy, such as the president's older daughter, Leyla, married to Emin Agalarov, a Russian billionaire, and relatives of the first lady who have businesses in Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_259

Journalist Khadija Ismayilova, who worked for the United States government-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, carried out journalistic investigations, and claimed that Aliyev's family controlled some companies such as "Azerfon", "Azenco", and assets worth $3 billion in the largest Azerbaijani banks. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_260

The investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) claimed that the Aliyev family owned at least four offshore companies directly connected with Hassan Gozal. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_261

ICIJ stated that family members never declared the Aliyevs' offshore companies, that Ilham and Mehriban Aliyevs had no legal right to open offshore companies, and that when these companies were opened, measures were taken to conceal the real owners. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_262

When registering the companies, Aliyev's daughters indicated property worth about $6 million. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_263

The Azeri press secretary Azer Gasimov told BBC-Azerbaijan that he does not see anything unusual in the fact that the names of members of the presidential family are mentioned in business activities: "Each of them, like any citizen of Azerbaijan, has the right to be engaged in business. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_264

Both – age and other criterias allow them to do this in accordance with the law.". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_265

Investigation of Swedish television showed that offshore companies controlled by Aliyevs received from "TeliaSonera", the Swedish telecommunications company, a factual bribe in the form of shares of "Azercell" cellular operator in the amount of 600-700 million dollars (due to the estimate of 2005), which was purchased for only 6.5 million dollars. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_266

In a resolution on 10 September 2015, the European Parliament called on the EU authorities to conduct a thorough investigation of allegations of corruption against Ilham Aliyev and his family members. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_267

His critic Khadija Ismayilova was detained in December 2014 and sentenced in September 2015 to seven-and-a-half years in prison on trumped-up charges. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_268

She was conditionally released in May 2016, but three and a half years later, still remains subject to a travel ban and has been unable to leave the country despite numerous applications to do so. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_269

Lawyers will be seeking permission for Ismayilova to travel to the UK to give evidence in the trial of Paul Radu, a Romanian journalist who is co-founder and executive director of investigative reporting group OCCRP (the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project). Ilham Aliyev_sentence_270

Radu is being sued for defamation in London by Azerbaijani MP, Javanshir Feyziyev, over two articles in OCCRP's award-winning Azerbaijan Laundromat series about money-laundering out of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_271

Ismayilova, OCCRP's lead reporter in Azerbaijan, is a key witness in the case. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_272

Human rights violations Ilham Aliyev_section_33

Human rights violations in Azerbaijan during Aliyev's presidency included torture, arbitrary arrests and harassment of journalists and non-governmental organizations. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_273

Political rights and media freedom Ilham Aliyev_section_34

In a speech delivered on 15 July 2020, during the 2020 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes, President Aliyev targeted the largest opposition party, the Popular Front Party of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_274

He declared that "we need to finish with the 'fifth column'" and the Popular Front is "worse than the Armenians." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_275

According to Azerbaijani sources as many as 120 people are currently held in jail, including some deputy leaders of the party as well as journalists. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_276

On July 20 the U.S. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_277 State Department urged Azerbaijan to avoid using the pandemic to silence "civil society advocacy, opposition voices, or public discussion." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_278

These actions are widely seen as an attempt "to eliminate pro-democracy advocates and political rivals once and for all". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_279

According to RFE/RL, "Aliyev's authoritarian rule has shut down independent media outlets and suppressed opposition parties while holding elections deemed neither free nor fair by international monitoring groups". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_280

Controversies Ilham Aliyev_section_35

Ramil Safarov repatriation Ilham Aliyev_section_36

Main article: Ramil Safarov Ilham Aliyev_sentence_281

In 2012, Aliyev convinced the government of Hungary to transfer convicted murderer Ramil Safarov to Azerbaijan to complete the rest of his prison term. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_282

While attending a NATO-sponsored English-language course in Hungary, Safarov had murdered an Armenian lieutenant who was also taking the course, Gurgen Margaryan, while Margaryan was asleep. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_283

Safarov admitted that he committed the crime and surrendered himself to the police. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_284

Safarov has justified the act based over the Naghorno Karabakh conflict between the two countries from 1988 to 1994. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_285

Safarov had been tried and sentenced to life imprisonment in Hungary. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_286

However, after being extradited to Azerbaijan, Safarov received a hero's welcome, receiving a medal and new home funded by the Azerbaijani government. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_287

According to Azerbaijani authorities, Safarov was pardoned in accordance with Article 12 of the convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Person. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_288

He was promoted to the rank of major, and given an apartment and over eight years of back pay, covering the time he had spent in jail. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_289

Statements about Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh Ilham Aliyev_section_37

Shortly after thousands of Azerbaijani people gathered to commemorate a massacre, which the Azerbaijani government claims to have been carried out by Armenians 20 years earlier, President Aliyev posted in his official website: "Our main enemies are Armenians of the world and the hypocritical and corrupt politicians that they control". Ilham Aliyev_sentence_290

However, according to the same sources of citation, it is the Armenian leadership who are the real targets of President Aliyev's criticism. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_291

During his speech Ilham Aliyev noted: "I once said that the Armenian people should not be afraid of us, they should be afraid of their own leadership." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_292

In 2008, Aliyev declared that "Nagorno Karabakh will not be independent; the position is backed by international mediators as well; Armenia has to accept the reality" and also stated that "in 1918, Yerevan was granted to the Armenians. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_293

It was a great mistake. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_294

The khanate of Iravan was the Azeri territory, the Armenians were guests there." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_295

President Ilham Aliyev stated, "the occupation of the territory of the sovereign State with its internationally recognized boundaries – our territorial integrity is recognized by the United Nation and has been left out of due attention of the international community. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_296

All these facts are the ever seen injustice." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_297

"No project can be carried out in the Armenian occupied Azerbaijani territories without the consent and participation of Azerbaijan." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_298

On 20 September 2017, at the 72nd Regular Session of the UN General Assembly, President Aliyev reminded unexecuted UN Security Council Resolutions regarding Nagorno-Karabakh: "In 1993, United Nations Security Council adopted 4 resolutions demanding immediate and unconditional withdrawal of Armenian troops from the territory of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_299

Armenia for 24 years ignores UN Security Council resolutions and unfortunately is not punished for that. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_300

In some cases, UN Security Council resolutions are implemented within days. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_301

In our case it’s 24 years that resolutions are not implemented. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_302

This is a double standards approach. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_303

This approach is unacceptable." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_304

He reiterated the significance of international law for the resolution of conflict: "Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict must be resolved on the basis of international law, relevant UN Security Council resolutions. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_305

Territorial integrity of Azerbaijan must be completely restored." Ilham Aliyev_sentence_306

Public image Ilham Aliyev_section_38

Ilham Aliyev_unordered_list_0

  • On 21 November 2009, Aliyev was included in the book 500 Most Influential Muslims of World.Ilham Aliyev_item_0_0
  • In 2012, the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project called Ilham Aliyev the corruptor of the year.Ilham Aliyev_item_0_1
  • In 2012, CNBC filmed the film Filthy Rich about corruption which also mentioned the Aliyev family.Ilham Aliyev_item_0_2
  • In 2013, VIOAS (Voice of the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea) magazine declared President Ilham Aliyev as 'Man of the Year.'Ilham Aliyev_item_0_3

Personal life Ilham Aliyev_section_39

Ilham Aliyev married Mehriban Pashayeva in Baku on 22 January 1983. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_307

They have three children: Leyla, Arzu and Heydar and five grandchildren. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_308

Apart from his native Azerbaijani, he is fluent in English, French, Russian and Turkish. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_309

His wife is also the first Vice President of Azerbaijan. Ilham Aliyev_sentence_310

Honours and medals Ilham Aliyev_section_40

National honours and medals Ilham Aliyev_section_41

Ilham Aliyev_unordered_list_1

Foreign honours Ilham Aliyev_section_42

Ilham Aliyev_unordered_list_2

Ilham Aliyev_description_list_3

Ilham Aliyev_unordered_list_4

  • CIS Medal For Distinction in Protection of CIS State Borders and Badge for Strengthening of Border Cooperation (2008).Ilham Aliyev_item_4_24

Ilham Aliyev_description_list_5

Ilham Aliyev_unordered_list_6

Honorary degrees Ilham Aliyev_section_43

Aliyev has also received honorary degrees from universities from the following states: Turkmenistan, Belarus, Russia, Bulgaria, Turkey, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Romania, Jordan, Hungary, Azerbaijan and South Korea Ilham Aliyev_sentence_311

See also Ilham Aliyev_section_44

Ilham Aliyev_unordered_list_7

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Aliyev.