Internship

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For the medical intern, see Internship (medicine). Internship_sentence_0

"Interning" redirects here. Internship_sentence_1

For the computer science term, see String interning. Internship_sentence_2

An internship is a period of work experience offered by an organization for a limited period of time. Internship_sentence_3

Once confined to medical graduates, internship is used for a wide range of placements in businesses, non-profit organizations and government agencies. Internship_sentence_4

They are typically undertaken by students and graduates looking to gain relevant skills and experience in a particular field. Internship_sentence_5

Employers benefit from these placements because they often recruit employees from their best interns, who have known capabilities, thus saving time and money in the long run. Internship_sentence_6

Internships are usually arranged by third-party organizations that recruit interns on behalf of industry groups. Internship_sentence_7

Rules vary from country to country about when interns should be regarded as employees. Internship_sentence_8

The system can be open to exploitation by unscrupulous employers. Internship_sentence_9

Internships for professional careers are similar in some ways. Internship_sentence_10

Similar to internships, apprenticeships transition students from vocational school into the workforce. Internship_sentence_11

The lack of standardization and oversight leaves the term "internship" open to broad interpretation. Internship_sentence_12

Interns may be high school students, college and university students, or post-graduate adults. Internship_sentence_13

These positions may be paid or unpaid and are temporary. Internship_sentence_14

Many large corporations, particularly investment banks, have "insights" programs that serve as a pre-internship event numbering a day to a week, either in person or virtually. Internship_sentence_15

Typically, an internship consists of an exchange of services for experience between the intern and the organization. Internship_sentence_16

Internships are used to determine if the intern still has an interest in that field after the real-life experience. Internship_sentence_17

In addition, an internship can be used to create a professional network that can assist with letters of recommendation or lead to future employment opportunities. Internship_sentence_18

The benefit of bringing an intern into full-time employment is that they are already familiar with the company, their position, and they typically need little to no training. Internship_sentence_19

Internships provide current college students with the ability to participate in a field of their choice to receive hands-on learning about a particular future career, preparing them for full-time work following graduation. Internship_sentence_20

Types Internship_section_0

Internships exist in a wide variety of industries and settings. Internship_sentence_21

An internship can be paid, unpaid, or partially paid (in the form of a stipend). Internship_sentence_22

Internships may be part-time or full-time and are usually flexible with students' schedules. Internship_sentence_23

A typical internship lasts between one and four months, but can be shorter or longer, depending on the organization involved. Internship_sentence_24

The act of job shadowing may also constitute interning. Internship_sentence_25

Internship_unordered_list_0

  • Insights: Many large corporations, particularly investment banks, have "insights" programs that serve as a pre-internship event numbering a day to a week, either in person or virtually.Internship_item_0_0
  • Paid internships are common in professional fields including medicine, architecture, science, engineering, law, business (especially accounting and finance), technology, and advertising. Work experience internships usually occur during the second or third year of schooling. This type of internship is to expand an intern's knowledge both in their school studies and also at the company. The intern is expected to bring ideas and knowledge from school into the company.Internship_item_0_1
  • Work research, virtual research (graduation) or dissertation: This is mostly done by students who are in their final year of school. With this kind of internship, a student does research for a particular company. The company can have something that they feel they need to improve, or the student can choose a topic in the company themselves. The results of the research study will be put in a report and often will have to be presented.Internship_item_0_2
  • Unpaid internships are typically through non-profit charities and think tanks which often have unpaid or volunteer positions. State law and state enforcement agencies may impose requirements on unpaid internship programs under Minimum Wage Act. A program must meet criteria to be properly classified as an unpaid internship.Internship_item_0_3
  • Partially-paid internships is when students are paid in the form of a stipend. Stipends are typically a fixed amount of money that is paid out on a regular basis. Usually, interns that are paid with stipends are paid on a set schedule associated with the organization.Internship_item_0_4

Another type of internship growing in popularity is the virtual internship, in which the intern works remotely, and is not physically present at the job location. Internship_sentence_26

It provides the capacity to gain job experience without the conventional requirement of being physically present in an office. Internship_sentence_27

The internship is conducted via virtual means, such as phone, email, and web communication. Internship_sentence_28

Virtual interns generally have the opportunity to work at their own pace. Internship_sentence_29

Internship for a fee Internship_section_1

Companies in search of interns often find and place students in mostly unpaid internships, for a fee. Internship_sentence_30

These companies charge students to assist with research, promising to refund the fee if no internship is found. Internship_sentence_31

The programs vary and aim to provide internship placements at reputable companies. Internship_sentence_32

Some companies may also provide controlled housing in a new city, mentorship, support, networking, weekend activities or academic credit. Internship_sentence_33

Some companies specifically fund scholarships and grants for low-income applicants. Internship_sentence_34

Critics of internships criticize the practice of requiring certain college credits to be obtained only through unpaid internships. Internship_sentence_35

Depending on the cost of the school, this is often seen as an unethical practice, as it requires students to exchange paid-for and often limited tuition credits to work an uncompensated job. Internship_sentence_36

Paying for academic credits is a way to ensure students complete the duration of the internship, since they can be held accountable by their academic institution. Internship_sentence_37

For example, a student may be awarded academic credit only after their university receives a positive review from the intern's supervisor at the sponsoring organization. Internship_sentence_38

Secondary level work experience Internship_section_2

Work experience in England was established in the 1970’s by Jack Pidcock, Principal Careers Officer of Manchester Careers Service. Internship_sentence_39

The Service organised two weeks work experience for all Year 10 pupils in Manchester Local Education Authority schools, including those for pupils with special educational needs. Internship_sentence_40

Ironically, it was initially resisted by trade unions, and at first he had a job convincing schools, until eventually he persuaded the L.E.A. Internship_sentence_41

and councillors to go ahead. Internship_sentence_42

It became highly valued by pupils, teachers, inspectors, employers and politicians. Internship_sentence_43

Work experience provided a taste of the requirements and disciplines of work and an insight into possible vocational choices. Internship_sentence_44

It ran alongside professional, individual, impartial, face to face careers guidance by local careers advisers. Internship_sentence_45

A Conservative Government introduced the Education (Work Experience) Act 1973 which enabled all education authorities ‘to arrange for children under school-leaving age to have work experience, as part of their education’. Internship_sentence_46

The Conservative Liberal coalition government abolished compulsory work experience for students in England at key stage 4 (Years 10 to 11 for 14-16 years olds) in 2012. Internship_sentence_47

Recently a number of non-governmental and employer led bodies have become critical of pupils and students not understanding the ‘world of work’. Internship_sentence_48

Work experience is no longer offered on the national curriculum for students in years 10 and 11 in the United Kingdom. Internship_sentence_49

but is available for (3rd and 4th year in Scotland), Australia, New Zealand and the Republic of Ireland; every student who wishes to do so has a statutory right to take work experience. Internship_sentence_50

In 2011, however, the Wolf Review of Vocational Education proposed a significant policy change that—to reflect the fact that almost all students now stay past the age of 16—the requirement for pre-16 work experience in the UK should be removed. Internship_sentence_51

Work experience in this context is when students in an adult working environment more or less act as an employee, but with the emphasis on learning about the world of work. Internship_sentence_52

Placements are limited by safety and security restrictions, insurance cover and availability, and do not necessarily reflect eventual career choice but instead allow a broad experience of the world of work. Internship_sentence_53

A student who fails to find a placement may sometimes be required to attend school every day—continuing the normal school day, or doing a placement around the school such as aiding the caretaker for example, or helping out elsewhere in the school, such as with language and PE departments, or with ICT technicians. Internship_sentence_54

Students are not prohibited from working at a company outside the conurbation of the city or abroad. Internship_sentence_55

Routine safety checks on the companies are now more thorough and students who arrange placements at failed companies are forced to find a new placement; companies that fail to comply with statutory requirements for insurance and child protection may be prohibited from officially taking students. Internship_sentence_56

(This depends upon the LEA.) Internship_sentence_57

Most students do not get paid for work experience. Internship_sentence_58

However, some employers pay students, as this is considered part of their education. Internship_sentence_59

The duration varies according to the student's course, and other personal circumstances. Internship_sentence_60

Most students go out on work experience for one or two weeks in a year. Internship_sentence_61

Some students work in a particular workplace, perhaps one or two days a week for extended periods of time throughout the year—either for vocation reasons and commitment to alternative curricula or because they have social or behavioural problems. Internship_sentence_62

University level work experience Internship_section_3

At university level, work experience is often offered between the second and final years of an undergraduate degree course, especially in the science, engineering and computing fields. Internship_sentence_63

Courses of this nature are often called sandwich courses, with the work experience year itself known as the sandwich year. Internship_sentence_64

During this time, the students on work placement have the opportunity to use the skills and knowledge gained in their first two years, and see how they are applied to real world problems. Internship_sentence_65

This offers them useful insights for their final year and prepares them for the job market once their course has finished. Internship_sentence_66

Some companies sponsor students in their final year at university with the promise of a job at the end of the course. Internship_sentence_67

This is an incentive for the student to perform well during the placement as it helps with two otherwise unwelcome stresses: the lack of money in the final year, and finding a job when the University course ends. Internship_sentence_68

See also Internship_section_4

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internship.