Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu
Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu (January 1, 1923 – May 1, 2006) was a member of the fascist paramilitary organization the Iron Guard, who between 1948 and 1956, after the Soviet occupation of Romania and the establishment of the Romanian People's Republic, became the leader of an underground far-right anti-communist paramilitary group in the Făgăraș Mountains.
He attended classes at the Department of Agronomy, University of Cluj.
Between 1941 and 1944, he was imprisoned for "forbidden activities" by the Ion Antonescu regime.
For 7 years (1948 – 1955), he led the resistance formation Grupul Carpatin Făgărășan.
For his activities he was sentenced in absentia to 19 years in prison and, later, in 1951, to death.
For 29 years, the Securitate were unable to capture him.
He was caught in 1976, after 21 years on the run, at the house of the widow of a political prisoner, Ana Săbăduș, who later became his wife.
Ogoranu's life is the subject of the 2010 film, Portrait of the Fighter as a Young Man.
At the 60th Berlin International Film Festival, the movie attracted protests from organizations such as the Elie Wiesel National Institute for Studying the Holocaust in Romania, which demanded that the film be pulled due to glorification of antisemitism.
The Festival refused to pull it, arguing that they don't believe in censorship, but they are aware that Ogoranu made publicly "extremist, racist, and antidemocratic statements" and that they do not support such views, and that the movie did not support such views either.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu.