James Stirling (mathematician)

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James Stirling (mathematician)_table_infobox_0

James StirlingJames Stirling (mathematician)_header_cell_0_0_0
BornJames Stirling (mathematician)_header_cell_0_1_0 May 1692,

Garden, StirlingshireJames Stirling (mathematician)_cell_0_1_1

DiedJames Stirling (mathematician)_header_cell_0_2_0 5 December 1770 (Aged 78)

Edinburgh, ScotlandJames Stirling (mathematician)_cell_0_2_1

Resting placeJames Stirling (mathematician)_header_cell_0_3_0 Greyfriars KirkyardJames Stirling (mathematician)_cell_0_3_1
NationalityJames Stirling (mathematician)_header_cell_0_4_0 ScottishJames Stirling (mathematician)_cell_0_4_1
Known forJames Stirling (mathematician)_header_cell_0_5_0 James Stirling (mathematician)_cell_0_5_1
FieldsJames Stirling (mathematician)_header_cell_0_6_0 James Stirling (mathematician)_cell_0_6_1

James Stirling (May 1692, Garden, Stirlingshire – 5 December 1770, Edinburgh) was a Scottish mathematician. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_0

He was nicknamed "The Venetian". James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_1

The Stirling numbers, Stirling permutations, and Stirling's approximation are named after him. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_2

He also proved the correctness of Isaac Newton's classification of cubics. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_3

Biography James Stirling (mathematician)_section_0

Stirling was born on 11 May 1692 at Garden House near Stirling, the third son of Archibald Stirling, Lord Garden. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_4

At 18 years of age he went to Balliol College, Oxford, where, chiefly through the influence of the Earl of Mar, he was nominated in 1711 to be one of Bishop Warner's exhibitioners (or Snell exhibitioner) at Balliol. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_5

In 1715 he was expelled on account of his correspondence with his cousins, who were members of the Keir and Garden families, who were noted Jacobites, and had been accessory to the "Gathering of the Brig o' Turk" in 1708. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_6

From Oxford he made his way to Venice, where he occupied himself as a professor of mathematics. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_7

In 1717 appeared his Lineae tertii ordinis Newtonianae, sive . James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_8

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(8vo, Oxford). James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_11

While in Venice, also, he communicated, through Isaac Newton, to the Royal Society a paper entitled "Methodus differentialis Newtoniana illustrata" (Phil. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_12

Trans., 1718). James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_13

Fearing assassination on account of having discovered a trade secret of the glassmakers of Venice, he returned with Newton's help to London about the year 1725. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_14

In London he remained for ten years, being most part of the time connected with an academy in Tower Street, and devoting his leisure to mathematics and correspondence with eminent mathematicians. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_15

In 1730 his most important work was published, the Methodus differentialis, sive tractatus de summatione et interpolatione serierum infinitarum (4to, London), which is something more than an expansion of the paper of 1718. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_16

In 1735, he communicated to the Royal Society a paper "On the Figure of the Earth, and on the Variation of the Force of Gravity at its Surface." James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_17

In the same year he was appointed manager for the Scots Mining Company at Leadhills, where the Scots Mining Company House was built for him in 1736. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_18

His next paper to the Royal Society was concerned, not with pure, but with applied sciences; specifically, a trompe, i.e., a water-powered air compressor that was used by a Scottish lead mine. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_19

His name is also connected with another practical undertaking, since grown to vast dimensions. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_20

The accounts of the city of Glasgow for 1752 show that the very first instalment of ten millions sterling spent in making Glasgow a seaport, viz. a sum of £28, 4s. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_21

4d., was for a silver tea-kettle to be presented to "James Stirling, mathematician, for his service, pains, and trouble in surveying the river towards deepening it by locks." James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_22

Another edition of the Lineae tertii ordinis was published in Paris in 1797; another edition of the Methodus differentialis in London in 1764; and a translation of the latter into English by Halliday in London in 1749. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_23

A considerable collection of literary remains, consisting of papers, letters and two manuscript volumes of a treatise on weights and measures, are still preserved at Garden. James Stirling (mathematician)_sentence_24

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James Stirling (mathematician).