Joe Cuba

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Joe Cuba_table_infobox_0

Joe CubaJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_0_0
Birth nameJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_1_0 Gilberto Miguel Calderón CardonaJoe Cuba_cell_0_1_1
Also known asJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_2_0 SonnyJoe Cuba_cell_0_2_1
BornJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_3_0 April 22, 1931

New York, New York, U.S.Joe Cuba_cell_0_3_1

DiedJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_4_0 February 15, 2009(2009-02-15) (aged 77)

New York, New York, U.S.Joe Cuba_cell_0_4_1

GenresJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_5_0 Boogaloo, salsaJoe Cuba_cell_0_5_1
Occupation(s)Joe Cuba_header_cell_0_6_0 Musician, bandleaderJoe Cuba_cell_0_6_1
InstrumentsJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_7_0 CongaJoe Cuba_cell_0_7_1
Years activeJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_8_0 1950–2009Joe Cuba_cell_0_8_1
LabelsJoe Cuba_header_cell_0_9_0 Tico, FaniaJoe Cuba_cell_0_9_1

Joe Cuba (April 22, 1931 – February 15, 2009), was an American conga drummer of Puerto Rican descent widely regarded as the "Father of Latin Boogaloo". Joe Cuba_sentence_0

Early years Joe Cuba_section_0

Cuba (birth name: Gilberto Miguel Calderón Cardona) was born in New York City, Cuba's parents moved from Puerto Rico to New York City in the late 1920s and settled in Spanish Harlem, a Latino community located in Manhattan. Joe Cuba_sentence_1

Cuba was raised in an apartment building where his father had become the owner of a candy store located on the ground floor (street level floor). Joe Cuba_sentence_2

His father had organized a stickball club called the Young Devils. Joe Cuba_sentence_3

Stickball was the main sport activity of the neighborhood. Joe Cuba_sentence_4

After Cuba broke a leg he took up playing the conga and continued to practice with the conga between school and his free time. Joe Cuba_sentence_5

Eventually, he graduated from high school and joined a band. Joe Cuba_sentence_6

Musical career Joe Cuba_section_1

In 1950, when he was 19 years old, he played for Joe Panama and also for a group called La Alfarona X. Joe Cuba_sentence_7

The group soon disbanded and Cuba enrolled in college to study law. Joe Cuba_sentence_8

While at college he attended a concert in which Tito Puente performed "Abaniquito". Joe Cuba_sentence_9

He went up to Tito and introduced himself as a student and fan and soon they developed what was to become a lifetime friendship. Joe Cuba_sentence_10

This event motivated Cuba to organize his own band. Joe Cuba_sentence_11

In 1954, his agent recommended that he change the band's name from the José Calderón Sextet to the Joe Cuba Sextet and the newly named Joe Cuba Sextet made their debut at the Stardust Ballroom. Joe Cuba_sentence_12

In 1962, after recording three albums for Mardi Gras Records, Cuba recorded his first album with the Joe Cuba Sextet called Steppin' Out featuring the hit 'To Be With You', featuring the impressive vocals of Cheo Feliciano and Jimmy Sabater Sr. The band became popular in the New York Latin community. Joe Cuba_sentence_13

The lyrics to Cuba's music used a mixture of Spanish and English, becoming an important part of the Nuyorican Movement. Joe Cuba_sentence_14

In 1965, the Sextet got their first crossover hit with the Latin and soul fusion of "El Pito (I'll Never Go Back to Georgia)". Joe Cuba_sentence_15

The "I'll Never Go Back to Georgia" chant was taken from Dizzy Gillespie's intro to the seminal Afro-Cuban tune "Manteca." Joe Cuba_sentence_16

Sabater later revealed that "None of us had ever been to Georgia." Joe Cuba_sentence_17

Along with fellow Nuyorican artists such as Ray Barretto and Richie Ray, Cuba was at the forefront of the developing Latin soul sound in New York, merging American R&B styles with Afro-Cuban instrumentation. Joe Cuba_sentence_18

Cuba was one of the key architects behind the emerging Latin Boogaloo sound, which became a popular and influential Latin style in the latter half of the 1960s. Joe Cuba_sentence_19

In 1966, his band scored a hit on the United States National Hit Parade List with the song "Bang Bang"— which helped kick off the popularity of the boogaloo. Joe Cuba_sentence_20

The record peaked at #63 on the Hot 100 and #21 on the R&B chart. Joe Cuba_sentence_21

It’s followup, “Oh Yeah”, peaked at #62 on the Hot 100. Joe Cuba_sentence_22

Later years and death Joe Cuba_section_2

On April 1999, Joe Cuba was inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame. Joe Cuba_sentence_23

In 2004, he was named Grand Marshal of the Puerto Rican Day Parade celebrated in Yonkers, New York. Joe Cuba_sentence_24

He was also the director of the Museum of La Salsa, located in Spanish Harlem, Manhattan, New York. Joe Cuba_sentence_25

Joe Cuba died on February 15, 2009 in New York City after being removed from life support. Joe Cuba_sentence_26

He had been hospitalized for a persistent bacterial infection. Joe Cuba_sentence_27

Cuba's remains were cremated at Woodhaven Cemetery. Joe Cuba_sentence_28

He is survived by his 2 adult children from his first wife (Nina, married in 1960), son Mitchell and daughter Lisa, 3 grandchildren Nicole, Alexis and Rebecca; and his second wife Maria (Married in 1994). Joe Cuba_sentence_29

Discography Joe Cuba_section_3

As leader Joe Cuba_section_4

Compilations Joe Cuba_section_5

Joe Cuba_unordered_list_0

  • Greatest Hits (2009)Joe Cuba_item_0_0
  • El Alcalde del Barrio (2010)Joe Cuba_item_0_1
  • The Best of Joe Cuba (Lo Mejor de Joe Cuba) - Fania Original (Remastered) (2010)Joe Cuba_item_0_2
  • Anthology (2012)Joe Cuba_item_0_3

See also Joe Cuba_section_6

Joe Cuba_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Cuba.