Joe Pass

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Joe Pass_table_infobox_0

Joe PassJoe Pass_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationJoe Pass_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameJoe Pass_header_cell_0_2_0 Joseph Anthony Jacobi PassalaquaJoe Pass_cell_0_2_1
BornJoe Pass_header_cell_0_3_0 (1929-01-13)January 13, 1929

New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.Joe Pass_cell_0_3_1

OriginJoe Pass_header_cell_0_4_0 Johnstown, Pennsylvania, U.S.Joe Pass_cell_0_4_1
DiedJoe Pass_header_cell_0_5_0 May 23, 1994(1994-05-23) (aged 65)

Los Angeles, CaliforniaJoe Pass_cell_0_5_1

GenresJoe Pass_header_cell_0_6_0 JazzJoe Pass_cell_0_6_1
Occupation(s)Joe Pass_header_cell_0_7_0 Guitarist, composerJoe Pass_cell_0_7_1
InstrumentsJoe Pass_header_cell_0_8_0 GuitarJoe Pass_cell_0_8_1
Years activeJoe Pass_header_cell_0_9_0 1943–1994Joe Pass_cell_0_9_1
LabelsJoe Pass_header_cell_0_10_0 Pacific Jazz, Concord, PabloJoe Pass_cell_0_10_1
Associated actsJoe Pass_header_cell_0_11_0 Oscar Peterson, Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Ella FitzgeraldJoe Pass_cell_0_11_1

Joe Pass (born Joseph Anthony Jacobi Passalaqua; January 13, 1929 – May 23, 1994) was an American jazz guitarist. Joe Pass_sentence_0

Pass worked often with pianist Oscar Peterson and vocalist Ella Fitzgerald. Joe Pass_sentence_1

Early life Joe Pass_section_0

Pass was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, on January 13, 1929. Joe Pass_sentence_2

Pass found work as a performer as early as age 14. Joe Pass_sentence_3

He played with bands led by Tony Pastor and Charlie Barnet, honing his guitar skills while learning the ropes to the music industry. Joe Pass_sentence_4

He began traveling with small jazz groups and moved from Pennsylvania to New York City. Joe Pass_sentence_5

Within a few years he had developed an addiction to heroin. Joe Pass_sentence_6

He moved to New Orleans for a year and played bebop for strippers. Joe Pass_sentence_7

Pass revealed to Robert Palmer of Rolling Stone that he had suffered a "nervous breakdown" in New Orleans "because [he] had access to every kind of drug there and was up for days [...] [he] would come to New York a lot, then get strung out and leave." Joe Pass_sentence_8

Pass spent much of the 1950s in and out of prison for drug-related convictions. Joe Pass_sentence_9

In the same Rolling Stone interview, Pass said, "staying high was my first priority; playing was second; girls were third. Joe Pass_sentence_10

But the first thing really took all my energy." Joe Pass_sentence_11

He recovered after a two-and-a-half-year stay in the Synanon rehabilitation program. Joe Pass_sentence_12

Pass largely abandoned music during his prison sentence. Joe Pass_sentence_13

Discovery and career Joe Pass_section_1

Pass recorded a series of albums during the 1960s for Pacific Jazz Records, including Catch Me, 12-String Guitar, For Django, and Simplicity. Joe Pass_sentence_14

In 1963, he received Downbeat magazine's New Star Award. Joe Pass_sentence_15

He also played on Pacific Jazz recordings by Gerald Wilson, Bud Shank, and Les McCann. Joe Pass_sentence_16

He toured with George Shearing in 1965. Joe Pass_sentence_17

During the 1960s, he did mostly TV and recording session work in Los Angeles. Joe Pass_sentence_18

Norman Granz, the producer of Jazz at the Philharmonic and the founder of Verve Records, signed Pass to Pablo Records in December 1973. Joe Pass_sentence_19

In 1974, Pass released his solo album Virtuoso on Pablo. Joe Pass_sentence_20

Also in 1974, Pablo released the album The Trio with Pass, Oscar Peterson, and Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen. Joe Pass_sentence_21

He performed with them on many occasions throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Joe Pass_sentence_22

At the Grammy Awards of 1975, The Trio won the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Performance by a Group. Joe Pass_sentence_23

As part of the Pablo roster, Pass recorded with Benny Carter, Milt Jackson, Herb Ellis, Zoot Sims, Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie, Ella Fitzgerald, and Count Basie. Joe Pass_sentence_24

Pass and Ella Fitzgerald recorded six albums together on Pablo toward the end of Fitzgerald's career: Take Love Easy (1973), Fitzgerald and Pass... Again (1976), "Hamburg Duets - 1976" (1976), Sophisticated Lady (1975, 1983), Speak Love (1983), and Easy Living (1986). Joe Pass_sentence_25

Later life and death Joe Pass_section_2

Pass was diagnosed with liver cancer in 1992. Joe Pass_sentence_26

Although he was initially responsive to treatment and continued to play into 1993, his health eventually declined, forcing him to cancel his tour with Pepe Romero, Paco Pena, and Leo Kottke. Joe Pass_sentence_27

Pass performed for the final time on May 7, 1994, with Pisano at a nightclub in Los Angeles. Joe Pass_sentence_28

Pisano told Guitar Player that after the performance Pass looked at him with a tear in his eye and said "I can't play anymore," an exchange which Pisano described as "like a knife in my heart." Joe Pass_sentence_29

In 1994, Joe Pass died from liver cancer in Los Angeles, California at the age of 65. Joe Pass_sentence_30

Prior to his death, he recorded an album of Hank Williams songs with country guitarist Roy Clark. Joe Pass_sentence_31

Speaking about Nuages: Live at Yoshi's, Volume 2, Jim Ferguson wrote: Joe Pass_sentence_32

Legacy Joe Pass_section_3

New York magazine wrote about Pass, "Joe Pass looks like somebody's uncle and plays guitar like nobody's business. Joe Pass_sentence_33

He's called 'the world's greatest' and often compared to Paganini for his virtuosity. Joe Pass_sentence_34

There is a certain purity to his sound that makes him stand out easily from other first-rate jazz guitarists." Joe Pass_sentence_35

Discography Joe Pass_section_4

Further information: Joe Pass discography Joe Pass_sentence_36

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Pass.