John Peel

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"Peel Sessions" redirects here. John Peel_sentence_0

For all albums titled "Peel Sessions" or similar, see Peel Sessions (disambiguation). John Peel_sentence_1

For a list of all bands who recorded Peel sessions, see List of Peel sessions. John Peel_sentence_2

For other people named John Peel, see John Peel (disambiguation). John Peel_sentence_3

John Peel_table_infobox_0

John Peel

OBEJohn Peel_header_cell_0_0_0

BornJohn Peel_header_cell_0_1_0 John Robert Parker Ravenscroft

(1939-08-30)30 August 1939 Heswall, Cheshire, EnglandJohn Peel_cell_0_1_1

DiedJohn Peel_header_cell_0_2_0 25 October 2004(2004-10-25) (aged 65)

Cusco, PeruJohn Peel_cell_0_2_1

Spouse(s)John Peel_header_cell_0_3_0 Shirley Anne Milburn (1965–1973, divorced)
Sheila Gilhooly (1974–2004, his death)John Peel_cell_0_3_1
ChildrenJohn Peel_header_cell_0_4_0 William, Alexandra, Tom, and FlorenceJohn Peel_cell_0_4_1
CountryJohn Peel_header_cell_0_5_0 United KingdomJohn Peel_cell_0_5_1
WebsiteJohn Peel_header_cell_0_6_0 John Peel_cell_0_6_1

John Robert Parker Ravenscroft OBE (30 August 1939 – 25 October 2004), known professionally as John Peel, was an English disc jockey, radio presenter, record producer and journalist. John Peel_sentence_4

He was the longest-serving of the original BBC Radio 1 DJs, broadcasting regularly from 1967 until his death in 2004. John Peel_sentence_5

He was one of the first broadcasters to play psychedelic rock and progressive rock records on British radio, and he is widely acknowledged for promoting artists working in a multitude of genres including pop, dub reggae, punk rock and post-punk, electronic music and dance music, indie rock, extreme metal, and British hip hop. John Peel_sentence_6

Fellow DJ Paul Gambaccini described Peel as "the most important man in music for about a dozen years". John Peel_sentence_7

Peel's Radio 1 shows were notable for the regular "Peel sessions", which usually consisted of four songs recorded by an artist live in the BBC's studios, and which often provided the first major national coverage to bands that would later achieve great fame. John Peel_sentence_8

Another popular feature of his shows was the annual Festive Fifty countdown of his listeners' favourite records of the year. John Peel_sentence_9

Peel appeared occasionally on British television as one of the presenters of Top of the Pops in the 1980s, and he provided voice-over commentary for a number of BBC programmes. John Peel_sentence_10

He became popular with the audience of BBC Radio 4 for his Home Truths programme, which ran from the 1990s, featuring unusual stories from listeners' domestic lives. John Peel_sentence_11

Early life John Peel_section_0

John Peel was born in Heswall Nursing Home in Heswall on the Wirral Peninsula, near Liverpool, the eldest of three sons of Robert Leslie Ravenscroft, a successful cotton merchant, and his wife Joan Mary (née Swainson). John Peel_sentence_12

He grew up in the nearby village of Burton. John Peel_sentence_13

He was educated as a boarder at Shrewsbury School, where one of his contemporaries was future Monty Python member Michael Palin. John Peel_sentence_14

The solitary Peel was an avid radio listener and record collector from an early age, cutting his teeth on fare offered by the American Forces Network and Radio Luxembourg. John Peel_sentence_15

He later recalled an early desire to host a radio programme of his own "so that I could play music that I heard and wanted others to hear". John Peel_sentence_16

His housemaster, R. H. J. Brooke, whom Peel described as "extraordinarily eccentric" and "amazingly perceptive", wrote on one of his school reports, "Perhaps it's possible that John can form some kind of nightmarish career out of his enthusiasm for unlistenable records and his delight in writing long and facetious essays." John Peel_sentence_17

In his posthumously published autobiography, Peel said that he had been raped by an older pupil while at Shrewsbury. John Peel_sentence_18

After finishing his National Service in 1959 in the Royal Artillery as a B2 radar operator, he worked as a mill operative at Townhead Mill in Rochdale and travelled home each weekend to Heswall on a scooter borrowed from his sister. John Peel_sentence_19

Whilst in Rochdale during the week he stayed in a bed-and-breakfast in the area of Milkstone Road and Drake Street, and would develop long-term associations with the town as the years progressed. John Peel_sentence_20

Career John Peel_section_1

United States John Peel_section_2

In 1960, aged 21, Peel went to the United States to work for a cotton producer who had business dealings with his father. John Peel_sentence_21

Once this job finished, he took a number of others, including working as a travelling insurance salesman. John Peel_sentence_22

While in Dallas, Texas, where the insurance company he worked for was based, he conversed with the presidential candidate John F. Kennedy, and his running mate Lyndon B. Johnson, who were touring the city during the 1960 election campaign, and took photographs of them. John Peel_sentence_23

Following Kennedy's assassination in November 1963, Peel passed himself off as a reporter for the Liverpool Echo in order to attend the arraignment of Lee Harvey Oswald. John Peel_sentence_24

He and a friend can be seen in the footage of the 22/23 November midnight press conference at the Dallas Police Department when Oswald was paraded before the media. John Peel_sentence_25

He later phoned in the story to the Echo. John Peel_sentence_26

While working for the insurance company, Peel wrote programs for punched card entry for an IBM 1410 computer (which led to his entry in Who's Who noting him as a former computer programmer), and he got his first radio job, albeit unpaid, working for WRR (AM) in Dallas. John Peel_sentence_27

There, he presented the second hour of the Monday night programme Kat's Karavan, which was primarily hosted by the American singer and radio personality Jim Lowe. John Peel_sentence_28

Following this, and as Beatlemania hit the United States, Peel got a job with the Dallas radio station KLIF as the official Beatles correspondent on the strength of his connection to Liverpool. John Peel_sentence_29

He later worked for KOMA in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, until 1965 when he moved to KMEN in San Bernardino, California, using the name John Ravencroft to present the breakfast show. John Peel_sentence_30

Return to Britain John Peel_section_3

Peel returned to England in early 1967 and found work with the offshore pirate radio station Radio London. John Peel_sentence_31

He was offered the midnight-to-two shift, which gradually developed into a programme called The Perfumed Garden (some thought it was named after an erotic book famous at the time – which Peel claimed never to have read). John Peel_sentence_32

It was on "Big L" that he first adopted the name John Peel (the name was suggested by a Radio London secretary) and established himself as a distinctive radio voice. John Peel_sentence_33

Peel's show was an outlet for the music of the UK underground scene. John Peel_sentence_34

He played classic blues, folk music and psychedelic rock, with an emphasis on the new music emerging from Los Angeles and San Francisco. John Peel_sentence_35

As important as the musical content of the programme was the personal – sometimes confessional – tone of Peel's presentation, and the listener participation it engendered. John Peel_sentence_36

Underground events he had attended during his periods of shore leave, like the UFO Club and "The 14 Hour Technicolor Dream", together with causes célèbres like the drug "busts" of the Rolling Stones and John "Hoppy" Hopkins, were discussed between records. John Peel_sentence_37

All this was far removed from Radio London's daytime format. John Peel_sentence_38

Listeners sent Peel letters, poems, and records from their own collections, so that the programme became a vehicle for two-way communication; by the final week of Radio London he was receiving far more mail than any other DJ on the station. John Peel_sentence_39

After the closure of Radio London in 1967, Peel wrote a column, The Perfumed Garden, for the underground newspaper the International Times (from autumn 1967 to mid-1969), in which he showed himself to be a committed, if critical, supporter of the ideals of the underground. John Peel_sentence_40

A Perfumed Garden mailing list was set up by a group of keen listeners, which facilitated contacts and gave rise to numerous small-scale, local arts projects typical of the time, including the poetry magazine Sol. John Peel_sentence_41

BBC career John Peel_section_4

When Radio London closed down on 14 August 1967, John Peel joined the BBC's new pop music station, BBC Radio 1, which began broadcasting the following month. John Peel_sentence_42

Unlike Big L, Radio 1 was not a full-time station, but a hybrid of recorded music and live studio orchestras. John Peel_sentence_43

Peel recalled, "I was one of the first lot on Radio 1 and I think it was mainly because ... Radio 1 had no real idea what they were doing so they had to take people off the pirate ships because there wasn't anybody else." John Peel_sentence_44

Peel presented a programme called Top Gear. John Peel_sentence_45

At first he was obliged to share presentation duties with other DJs (Pete Drummond and Tommy Vance were among his co-hosts) but in February 1968 he was given sole charge of Top Gear; he continued to present the show until it ended in 1975. John Peel_sentence_46

Peel played an eclectic mix of the music that caught his attention, which he would continue to do throughout his career. John Peel_sentence_47

In 1969, after hosting a trailer for a BBC programme on VD on his Night Ride programme, Peel received significant media attention because he divulged on air that he had suffered from a sexually transmitted disease earlier that year. John Peel_sentence_48

This admission was later used in an attempt to discredit him when he appeared as a defence witness in the 1971 Oz obscenity trial. John Peel_sentence_49

The Night Ride programme, advertised by the BBC as an exploration of words and music, seemed to take up from where The Perfumed Garden had left off. John Peel_sentence_50

It featured rock, folk, blues, classical and electronic music. John Peel_sentence_51

A unique feature of the programme was the inclusion of tracks, mostly of exotic non-Western music, drawn from the BBC Sound Archive; the most popular of these were gathered on a BBC Records LP, John Peel's Archive Things (1970). John Peel_sentence_52

Night Ride also featured poetry readings and numerous interviews with a wide range of guests, including his friends Marc Bolan, journalist and musician Mick Farren, poet Pete Roche, and singer-songwriter Bridget St John and stars such as the Byrds, the Rolling Stones, and John Lennon and Yoko Ono. John Peel_sentence_53

The programme captured much of the creative activity of the underground scene. John Peel_sentence_54

Its anti-establishment stance and unpredictability did not find approval with the BBC hierarchy, and it ended in September 1969 after 18 months. John Peel_sentence_55

In his sleeve notes to the Archive Things LP Peel calls the free-form nature of Night Ride his preferred radio format. John Peel_sentence_56

His subsequent shows featured a mixture of records and live sessions, a format that would characterise his Radio 1 programmes for the rest of his career. John Peel_sentence_57

Punk era John Peel_section_5

Peel's enthusiasm for music outside the mainstream occasionally brought him into conflict with the Radio 1 hierarchy. John Peel_sentence_58

On one occasion, the then station controller Derek Chinnery contacted John Walters and asked him to confirm that the show was not playing any punk, which he (Chinnery) had read about in the press and of which he disapproved. John Peel_sentence_59

Chinnery was evidently somewhat surprised by Walters' reply that in recent weeks they had been playing little else. John Peel_sentence_60

In a 1990 interview, Peel recalled his 1976 discovery of the first album by New York punk band the Ramones as a seminal event: John Peel_sentence_61

In 1979 Peel stated: "They leave you to get on with it. John Peel_sentence_62

I'm paid money by the BBC not to go off and work for a commercial radio station ... John Peel_sentence_63

I wouldn't want to go to one anyway, because they wouldn't let me do what the BBC let me do." John Peel_sentence_64

Peel's reputation as an important DJ who broke unsigned acts into the mainstream was such that young hopefuls sent him an enormous number of records, CDs, and tapes. John Peel_sentence_65

When he returned home from a three-week holiday at the end of 1986 there were 173 LPs, 91 12"s and 179 7"s waiting for him. John Peel_sentence_66

In 1983 Alan Melina and Jeff Chegwin, the music publishers for then-unsigned artist Billy Bragg, drove to the Radio 1 studios with a mushroom biryani and a copy of his record after hearing Peel mention that he was hungry; the subsequent airplay launched Billy Bragg's career. John Peel_sentence_67

In addition to his Radio 1 show, Peel broadcast as a disc jockey on the BBC World Service, on the British Forces Broadcasting Service (John Peel's Music on BFBS) for 30 years, VPRO Radio3 in the Netherlands, YLE Radio Mafia in Finland, Ö3 in Austria (Nachtexpress), and on Radio 4U, Radio Eins (Peel ...), Radio Bremen (Ritz) and some independent radio stations around FSK Hamburg in Germany. John Peel_sentence_68

As a result of his BFBS programme he was voted, in Germany, "Top DJ in Europe". John Peel_sentence_69

Peel was an occasional presenter of Top of the Pops on BBC1 from the late 1960s until the 1990s, and in particular from 1982 to 1987 when he appeared regularly. John Peel_sentence_70

In 1971 he appeared not as presenter but performer, alongside Rod Stewart and the Faces, pretending to play mandolin on "Maggie May". John Peel_sentence_71

He often presented the BBC's television coverage of music events, notably the Glastonbury Festival. John Peel_sentence_72

Later years John Peel_section_6

Between 1995 and 1997, Peel presented Offspring, a show about children, on BBC Radio 4. John Peel_sentence_73

In 1998, Offspring grew into the magazine-style documentary show Home Truths. John Peel_sentence_74

When he took on the job presenting the programme, which was about everyday life in British families, Peel requested that it be free from celebrities, as he found real-life stories more entertaining. John Peel_sentence_75

Home Truths was described by occasional stand-in presenter John Walters as being "about people who had fridges called Renfrewshire". John Peel_sentence_76

Peel also made regular contributions to BBC Two's humorous look at the irritations of modern life Grumpy Old Men. John Peel_sentence_77

His only appearances in an acting role in film or television were in Harry Enfield's Smashie and Nicey: The End of an Era as John Past Bedtime, and in 1999 as a "grumpy old man who catalogues records" in the film Five Seconds to Spare. John Peel_sentence_78

However, he had provided narration for others. John Peel_sentence_79

He appeared as a celebrity guest on a number of TV shows, including This Is Your Life (1996, BBC), Travels With My Camera (1996, Channel 4 TV) and Going Home (2002, ITV TV), and presented the 1997 Channel 4 series Classic Trains. John Peel_sentence_80

He was also in demand as a voice-over artist for television documentaries, such as BBC One's A Life of Grime. John Peel_sentence_81

In April 2003, the publishers Transworld successfully wooed Peel with a package worth £1.5 million for his autobiography, having placed an advert in a national newspaper aimed only at Peel. John Peel_sentence_82

Unfinished at the time of his death it was completed by Sheila and journalist Ryan Gilbey. John Peel_sentence_83

It was published in October 2005 under the title Margrave of the Marshes. John Peel_sentence_84

A collection of Peel's miscellaneous writings, The Olivetti Chronicles, was published in 2008. John Peel_sentence_85

Personal life John Peel_section_7

While residing in Dallas, Texas, in 1965, he married his first wife, Shirley Anne Milburn, then aged 15, in what Peel later described as a "mutual defence pact". John Peel_sentence_86

The marriage was never happy, and although she accompanied Peel back to Britain in 1967, they were soon separated. John Peel_sentence_87

The divorce became final in 1973. John Peel_sentence_88

Milburn later took her own life. John Peel_sentence_89

After separation from his first wife, Peel's personal life began to stabilise, as he found friendship and support from new Top Gear producer John Walters—and from his girlfriend Sheila Gilhooly, whom he identified on-air as "the Pig". John Peel_sentence_90

Peel married Sheila on 31 August 1974. John Peel_sentence_91

The reception was in London's Regent's Park, with Walters as best man. John Peel_sentence_92

Peel wore Liverpool football colours (red) and walked down the aisle to the song "You'll Never Walk Alone". John Peel_sentence_93

Their sheepdog, Woggle, served as a bridesmaid. John Peel_sentence_94

Rod Stewart and Graham Chapman attended. John Peel_sentence_95

In the 1970s, Peel and Sheila moved to a thatched cottage in the village of Great Finborough near Stowmarket in Suffolk, nicknamed Peel Acres. John Peel_sentence_96

In later years Peel broadcast many of his shows from a studio in the house, with Sheila and their children often being involved or at least mentioned. John Peel_sentence_97

Peel's passion for Liverpool F.C. was reflected in his children's names: William Robert Anfield, Alexandra Mary Anfield, Thomas James Dalglish, and Florence Victoria Shankly. John Peel_sentence_98

His later shows also regularly featured live performances (broadcast live, unlike the pre-recorded Peel sessions), mostly from BBC Maida Vale Studios in West London, but occasionally in the Peel Acres living room. John Peel_sentence_99

At the age of 62 he was diagnosed with diabetes, following many years of fatigue. John Peel_sentence_100

Death John Peel_section_8

Peel died suddenly at the age of 65 from a heart attack on 25 October 2004, on a working holiday in the Inca city of Cusco in Peru. John Peel_sentence_101

Shortly after the announcement of his death, tributes began to arrive from fans and supporters both in public and private life. John Peel_sentence_102

On 26 October 2004 BBC Radio 1 cleared its schedules to broadcast a day of tributes. John Peel_sentence_103

London's Evening Standard boards that afternoon read "the day the music died", quoting Don McLean's hit "American Pie". John Peel_sentence_104

Peel had often spoken wryly of his eventual death. John Peel_sentence_105

He once said on the show Room 101, "I've always imagined I'd die by driving into the back of a truck while trying to read the name on a cassette and people would say, 'He would have wanted to go that way.' John Peel_sentence_106

Well, I want them to know that I wouldn't." John Peel_sentence_107

At one point, he said that if he died before his producer John Walters, he wanted the latter to play Roy Harper's "When an Old Cricketer Leaves the Crease". John Peel_sentence_108

Walters having died in 2001, it was left to Andy Kershaw to end his tribute programme to Peel on BBC Radio 3 with the song. John Peel_sentence_109

Peel's stand-in on his Radio 1 slot, Rob da Bank, also played the song at the start of the final show before his funeral. John Peel_sentence_110

Another time, Peel said he would like to be remembered with a gospel song. John Peel_sentence_111

He stated that the final record he would play would be the Rev C. L. Franklin's sermon "Dry Bones in The Valley". John Peel_sentence_112

On his Home Truths BBC radio show, Peel once commented about his own death: John Peel_sentence_113

Peel's funeral, on 12 November 2004, in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, was attended by over a thousand people, including many of the artists he had championed. John Peel_sentence_114

Eulogies were read by his brother Alan Ravenscroft and DJ Paul Gambaccini. John Peel_sentence_115

The service ended with clips of him talking about his life. John Peel_sentence_116

His coffin was carried out to the accompaniment of his favourite song, The Undertones' "Teenage Kicks". John Peel_sentence_117

Peel had written that, apart from his name, all he wanted on his gravestone were the words, "Teenage dreams, so hard to beat", from the lyrics of "Teenage Kicks". John Peel_sentence_118

A headstone featuring the lyrics and the Liver Bird from his favourite football team, Liverpool FC, was placed at his grave in 2008. John Peel_sentence_119

Peel's body was buried in the graveyard of St Andrew's Church in Great Finborough, Suffolk. John Peel_sentence_120

Life in music John Peel_section_9

Peel sessions John Peel_section_10

See also: List of Peel sessions John Peel_sentence_121

A feature of Peel's BBC Radio 1 shows was the famous John Peel Sessions, which usually consisted of four pieces of music pre-recorded at the BBC's studios. John Peel_sentence_122

The sessions originally came about due to restrictions imposed on the BBC by the Musicians' Union and Phonographic Performance Limited which represented the record companies dominated by the EMI cartel. John Peel_sentence_123

Because of these restrictions the BBC had been forced to hire bands and orchestras to render cover versions of recorded music. John Peel_sentence_124

The theory behind this device was that it would create employment and force people to buy records and not listen to them free of charge on the air. John Peel_sentence_125

One of the reasons why the offshore broadcasting stations of the 1960s were called "pirates" was because they operated outside of British laws and were not bound by the needle time restriction on the number of records they could play on the air. John Peel_sentence_126

The BBC employed its own house bands and orchestras and it also engaged outside bands to record exclusive tracks for its programmes in BBC studios. John Peel_sentence_127

This was the reason why Peel was able to use "session men" in his own programmes. John Peel_sentence_128

Sessions were usually four tracks recorded and mixed in a single day; as such they often had a rough and ready, demo-like feel, somewhere between a live performance and a finished recording. John Peel_sentence_129

During the 37 years Peel remained on BBC Radio 1, over 4,000 sessions were recorded by over 2,000 artists. John Peel_sentence_130

Many classic Peel Sessions have been released on record, particularly by the Strange Fruit label. John Peel_sentence_131

In May 2020, an alphabetised catalogue of hundreds of classic Peel Sessions others had previously uploaded to YouTube was published. John Peel_sentence_132

Festive Fifty John Peel_section_11

Main article: Festive Fifty John Peel_sentence_133

An annual tradition of Peel's Radio 1 show was the Festive Fifty—a countdown of the best tracks of the year as voted for by the listeners. John Peel_sentence_134

Despite Peel's eclectic play list, the Festive Fifty tended to be composed largely of "white boys with guitars", as Peel complained in 1988. John Peel_sentence_135

In 1991 the broadcast of the chart was cancelled due to a lack of votes, although many have speculated that it was because it didn't feature a single entry from the dance acts that Peel had been championing that year. John Peel_sentence_136

Topped by Nirvana's "Smells Like Teen Spirit", this Phantom Fifty was eventually broadcast at the rate of one track per programme in 1993. John Peel_sentence_137

The 1997 chart was initially cancelled due to the lack of air-time Peel had been allocated for the period, but enough "spontaneous" votes were received over the phone that a Festive Thirty-One was compiled and broadcast. John Peel_sentence_138

Peel wrote that "The Festive 50 dates back to what was doubtless a crisp September morning in the early-to-mid Seventies, when John Walters and I were musing on life in his uniquely squalid office. John Peel_sentence_139

In our waggish way, we decided to mock the enthusiasm of the Radio 1 management of the time for programmes with alliterative titles. John Peel_sentence_140

Content, we felt, was of less importance than a snappy Radio Times billing. John Peel_sentence_141

In the course of our historic meeting we had, I imagine, some fine reasons for dismissing the idea of a Festive 40 and going instead for a Festive 50, a decision that was to ruin my Decembers for years to come, condemning me to night after night at home with a ledger, when I could have been out and about having fun, fun, fun." John Peel_sentence_142

After his death, the Festive Fifty was continued on Radio 1 by Rob da Bank, Huw Stephens and Ras Kwame for two years, but then given to Peel-inspired Internet radio station Dandelion Radio, and continues to be compiled. John Peel_sentence_143

Dandelion Records and Strange Fruit John Peel_section_12

In 1969 Peel founded Dandelion Records (named after his pet hamster) so he could release the debut album by Bridget St John, which he also produced. John Peel_sentence_144

The label released 27 albums by 18 different artists before folding in 1972. John Peel_sentence_145

Of its albums, There is Some Fun Going Forward was a sampler intended to present its acts to a wide audience, but Dandelion was never a great success, with only two releases charting nationally: Medicine Head in the UK with "(And the) Pictures in the Sky" and Beau in Lebanon with "1917 Revolution." John Peel_sentence_146

Having had an affinity with the Manchester area from working in a cotton mill in Rochdale in 1959, Peel signed Manchester bands Stack Waddy and Tractor to Dandelion and was always supportive of both bands throughout his life. John Peel_sentence_147

It is alleged that Peel spotted a Rochdale postmark on the envelope containing the tape sent to him by Tractor, then called "The Way We Live". John Peel_sentence_148

As Peel stated: John Peel_sentence_149

Peel appeared on one Dandelion release: the David Bedford album Nurses Song with Elephants, recorded at the Marquee Studios, as part of a group playing twenty-seven plastic pipe twirlers on the track "Some Bright Stars for Queen's College". John Peel_sentence_150

In the 1980s Peel set up Strange Fruit Records with Clive Selwood to release material recorded by the BBC for Peel Sessions. John Peel_sentence_151

Production (albums) John Peel_section_13

John Peel_unordered_list_0

John Peel is sometimes confused with the more prolific record producer Jonathan Peel, who was an in-house music producer for EMI before going freelance in 1970. John Peel_sentence_152

Favourite music John Peel_section_14

John Peel wrote in his autobiography, Margrave of the Marshes, that the band of which he owned the most records was The Fall. John Peel_sentence_153

Regulars in the Festive 50, and easily recognised by vocalist Mark E. Smith's distinctive delivery, The Fall became synonymous with Peel's Radio 1 show through the 1980s and 1990s. John Peel_sentence_154

Peel kept in contact with many of the artists he championed but only met Smith on two, apparently awkward, occasions. John Peel_sentence_155

The Misunderstood is the only band that Peel ever personally managed—he first met the band in Riverside, California in 1966 and convinced them to move to London. John Peel_sentence_156

He championed their music throughout his career; in 1968, he described their 1966 single "I Can Take You to the Sun" as "the best popular record that's ever been recorded." John Peel_sentence_157

and shortly before his death, he stated, "If I had to list the ten greatest performances I've seen in my life, one would be The Misunderstood at Pandora's Box, Hollywood, 1966 ... My god, they were a great band!" John Peel_sentence_158

His favourite single is widely known to have been "Teenage Kicks" by The Undertones; in an interview in 2001, he stated "There's nothing you could add to it or subtract from it that would improve it." John Peel_sentence_159

In the same 2001 interview, he also listed "No More Ghettos in America" by Stanley Winston, "There Must Be Thousands" by The Quads and "Lonely Saturday Night" by Don French as being among his all-time favourites. John Peel_sentence_160

He also described Lianne Hall as one of the great English voices. John Peel_sentence_161

In 1997 The Guardian asked Peel to list his top 20 albums. John Peel_sentence_162

He listed Captain Beefheart's Trout Mask Replica as his number 1, having previously described it as "a work of art". John Peel_sentence_163

The top 20 also included LPs by The Velvet Underground, The Ramones, Pulp, Misty in Roots, Nirvana, Neil Young, Pink Floyd, The Four Brothers, Dave Clarke, Richard and Linda Thompson and The Rolling Stones. John Peel_sentence_164

A longer list of his favourite singles was revealed in 2005 when the contents of a wooden box in which he stored the records that meant the most to him were made public. John Peel_sentence_165

The box was the subject of a television documentary, John Peel's Record Box. John Peel_sentence_166

Out of 130 vinyl singles in the box, 11 of them were by The White Stripes, more than any other band in the box. John Peel_sentence_167

In 1999 Peel presented a nightly segment on his programme titled the Peelennium, in which he played four recordings from each year of the 20th century. John Peel_sentence_168

Awards and honorary degrees John Peel_section_15

Peel was 11 times Melody Maker′s DJ of the year, Sony Broadcaster of the Year in 1993, winner of the publicly voted Godlike Genius Award from the NME in 1994, Sony Gold Award winner in 2002 and is a member of the Radio Academy Hall of Fame. John Peel_sentence_169

At the NME awards in 2005 he was Hero of the Year and was posthumously given a special award for "Lifelong Service To Music". John Peel_sentence_170

At the same event the "John Peel Award For Musical Innovation" was awarded to The Others. John Peel_sentence_171

He was awarded many honorary degrees including an MA from the University of East Anglia, doctorates (Anglia Polytechnic University and Sheffield Hallam University), various honorary degrees (University of Liverpool, Open University, University of Portsmouth, University of Bradford) and a fellowship of Liverpool John Moores University. John Peel_sentence_172

He was appointed an OBE in 1998, for his services to British music. John Peel_sentence_173

In 2002, the BBC conducted a vote to discover the 100 Greatest Britons of all time, in which Peel was voted 43rd. John Peel_sentence_174

Various shows John Peel_section_16

John Peel_table_general_1

Name of showJohn Peel_header_cell_1_0_0 Radio stationJohn Peel_header_cell_1_0_1 First showJohn Peel_header_cell_1_0_2 Last showJohn Peel_header_cell_1_0_3 FrequencyJohn Peel_header_cell_1_0_4 RemarksJohn Peel_header_cell_1_0_5
Kat's KaravanJohn Peel_cell_1_1_0 WRR, DallasJohn Peel_cell_1_1_1 1961John Peel_cell_1_1_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_1_3 weeklyJohn Peel_cell_1_1_4 unpaidJohn Peel_cell_1_1_5
?John Peel_cell_1_2_0 KLIFJohn Peel_cell_1_2_1 ?John Peel_cell_1_2_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_2_3 John Peel_cell_1_2_4 John Peel_cell_1_2_5
?John Peel_cell_1_3_0 KOMA, Oklahoma CityJohn Peel_cell_1_3_1 ?John Peel_cell_1_3_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_3_3 John Peel_cell_1_3_4 John Peel_cell_1_3_5
?John Peel_cell_1_4_0 KLMA, Oklahoma CityJohn Peel_cell_1_4_1 ?John Peel_cell_1_4_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_4_3 John Peel_cell_1_4_4 John Peel_cell_1_4_5
?John Peel_cell_1_5_0 K/men, Los AngelesJohn Peel_cell_1_5_1 1966John Peel_cell_1_5_2 1967John Peel_cell_1_5_3 John Peel_cell_1_5_4 John Peel_cell_1_5_5
The Perfumed GardenJohn Peel_cell_1_6_0 Wonderful Radio LondonJohn Peel_cell_1_6_1 ca 8 March 1967John Peel_cell_1_6_2 14 August 1967John Peel_cell_1_6_3 John Peel_cell_1_6_4 John Peel_cell_1_6_5
Top GearJohn Peel_cell_1_7_0 BBC Radio 1John Peel_cell_1_7_1 1967John Peel_cell_1_7_2 1975John Peel_cell_1_7_3 John Peel_cell_1_7_4 John Peel_cell_1_7_5
NightrideJohn Peel_cell_1_8_0 BBC Radio 1John Peel_cell_1_8_1 6 March 1968John Peel_cell_1_8_2 1969John Peel_cell_1_8_3 John Peel_cell_1_8_4 John Peel_cell_1_8_5
John PeelJohn Peel_cell_1_9_0 BBC Radio 1John Peel_cell_1_9_1 1975John Peel_cell_1_9_2 2004John Peel_cell_1_9_3 John Peel_cell_1_9_4 John Peel_cell_1_9_5
Rock TodayJohn Peel_cell_1_10_0 BFBS Radio 1John Peel_cell_1_10_1 April 1977John Peel_cell_1_10_2 December 1979John Peel_cell_1_10_3 weeklyJohn Peel_cell_1_10_4 John Peel_cell_1_10_5
John Peel's Music on BFBSJohn Peel_cell_1_11_0 BFBS Radio 1John Peel_cell_1_11_1 Jan 1980John Peel_cell_1_11_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_11_3 weeklyJohn Peel_cell_1_11_4 John Peel_cell_1_11_5
?John Peel_cell_1_12_0 DT64John Peel_cell_1_12_1 ?John Peel_cell_1_12_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_12_3 John Peel_cell_1_12_4 John Peel_cell_1_12_5
The John Peel Show: essentiële popmuziek zonder ondertitelingJohn Peel_cell_1_13_0 VPRO Radio3John Peel_cell_1_13_1 26 September 1984John Peel_cell_1_13_2 24 September 1986John Peel_cell_1_13_3 weeklyJohn Peel_cell_1_13_4 every WednesdayJohn Peel_cell_1_13_5
?John Peel_cell_1_14_0 HansawelleJohn Peel_cell_1_14_1 ?John Peel_cell_1_14_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_14_3 John Peel_cell_1_14_4 John Peel_cell_1_14_5
John PeelJohn Peel_cell_1_15_0 Radio Mafia, HelsinkiJohn Peel_cell_1_15_1 1990John Peel_cell_1_15_2 2003John Peel_cell_1_15_3 John Peel_cell_1_15_4 John Peel_cell_1_15_5
John Peel ShowJohn Peel_cell_1_16_0 Rockradio, FinlandJohn Peel_cell_1_16_1 1987John Peel_cell_1_16_2 1990John Peel_cell_1_16_3 John Peel_cell_1_16_4 John Peel_cell_1_16_5
?John Peel_cell_1_17_0 YleX, FinlandJohn Peel_cell_1_17_1 ?John Peel_cell_1_17_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_17_3 John Peel_cell_1_17_4 John Peel_cell_1_17_5
?John Peel_cell_1_18_0 Radio Bremen 2John Peel_cell_1_18_1 1985John Peel_cell_1_18_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_18_3 John Peel_cell_1_18_4 John Peel_cell_1_18_5
?John Peel_cell_1_19_0 Radio Bremen VierJohn Peel_cell_1_19_1 1987John Peel_cell_1_19_2 ?John Peel_cell_1_19_3 John Peel_cell_1_19_4 John Peel_cell_1_19_5
NachtexpressJohn Peel_cell_1_20_0 Hitradio Ö3John Peel_cell_1_20_1 1989John Peel_cell_1_20_2 1994John Peel_cell_1_20_3 monthlyJohn Peel_cell_1_20_4 John Peel_cell_1_20_5
OffspringJohn Peel_cell_1_21_0 BBC Radio 4John Peel_cell_1_21_1 1995John Peel_cell_1_21_2 1997John Peel_cell_1_21_3 John Peel_cell_1_21_4 John Peel_cell_1_21_5
PeelJohn Peel_cell_1_22_0 Radio Eins, BerlinJohn Peel_cell_1_22_1 September 1997John Peel_cell_1_22_2 18 December 2003John Peel_cell_1_22_3 weeklyJohn Peel_cell_1_22_4 John Peel_cell_1_22_5
Home TruthsJohn Peel_cell_1_23_0 BBC Radio 4John Peel_cell_1_23_1 1998John Peel_cell_1_23_2 16 October 2004John Peel_cell_1_23_3 John Peel_cell_1_23_4 John Peel_cell_1_23_5

Legacy John Peel_section_17

Since his death various parties have recognised Peel's influence. John Peel_sentence_175

A stage for new bands at the Glastonbury Festival, previously known as "The New Bands Tent" was renamed "The John Peel Stage" in 2005, while in 2008 Merseytravel announced it would be naming a train after him. John Peel_sentence_176

The John Peel Centre for Creative Arts opened in Stowmarket in early 2013. John Peel_sentence_177

The main purposes of the centre is to serve as a live venue for music and performance and as a community meeting point. John Peel_sentence_178

In 2009 blue plaques bearing Peel's name were unveiled at two former recording studios in Rochdale – one at the site of Tractor Sound Studios in Heywood, the other at the site of the Kenion Street Music Building – to recognise Peel's contribution to the local music industry. John Peel_sentence_179

The 2005 Mogwai live compilation album Government Commissions: BBC Sessions 1996–2003 was dedicated to Peel as some of the tracks had been performed during the Peel Sessions. John Peel_sentence_180

Peel's voice announces "Ladies and Gentlemen, Mogwai!" John Peel_sentence_181

at the beginning of "Hunted by a Freak", the album's opener. John Peel_sentence_182

On 8 October 2005 Cotswold Rail locomotive 47813 was named John Peel by Peel's widow Shelia at Bury St Edmunds station. John Peel_sentence_183

On 13 October 2005, the first "John Peel Day" was held to mark the anniversary of his last show. John Peel_sentence_184

The BBC encouraged as many bands as possible to stage gigs on the 13th, and over 500 gigs took place in the UK and as far away as Canada and New Zealand, from bands ranging from Peel favourites New Order and The Fall, to many new and unsigned bands. John Peel_sentence_185

A second John Peel day was held on 12 October 2006, and a third on 11 October 2007. John Peel_sentence_186

The BBC had originally planned to hold a John Peel Day annually, but Radio 1 has not held any official commemoration of the event since 2007, though gigs still take place around the country to mark the anniversary. John Peel_sentence_187

At the annual Gilles Peterson's Worldwide Awards, the "John Peel Play More Jazz Award" was named in his honour. John Peel_sentence_188

In Peel's hometown of Heswall, a pub was opened in his honour in 2007. John Peel_sentence_189

Named The Ravenscroft, the pub was converted from the old Heswall Telephone Exchange but has since been renamed. John Peel_sentence_190

In 2012 Peel was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. John Peel_sentence_191 Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover. John Peel_sentence_192

Several Peel-related compilation albums have been released since his death, including John Peel and Sheila: The Pig's Big 78s: A Beginner's Guide, a project Peel started with his wife that was left unfinished when he died, and Kats Karavan: The History of John Peel on the Radio (2009), a 4 CD box set. John Peel_sentence_193

Rock music critic Peter Paphides said in a review of the box set that "[s]ome artists remain forever associated with him", including ...And the Native Hipsters with "There Goes Concorde Again", and Ivor Cutler with "Jam". John Peel_sentence_194

A sizable online community has also emerged dedicated to sharing recordings of his radio shows. John Peel_sentence_195

In May 2012, a campaign was started to turn demolition-threatened Bradford Odeon into the John Peel Creative Arts Centre in the North, though this was ultimately unsuccessful. John Peel_sentence_196

In June 2017 Peel's widow Sheila unveiled a blue plaque in his honour in Great Finborough. John Peel_sentence_197

See also John Peel_section_18

John Peel_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Peel.