Johnny Pacheco

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Johnny Pacheco_table_infobox_0

Johnny PachecoJohnny Pacheco_header_cell_0_0_0
Birth nameJohnny Pacheco_header_cell_0_1_0 Juan Azarías Pacheco KnippingJohnny Pacheco_cell_0_1_1
BornJohnny Pacheco_header_cell_0_2_0 (1935-03-25) March 25, 1935 (age 85)Johnny Pacheco_cell_0_2_1
OriginJohnny Pacheco_header_cell_0_3_0 Santiago, Dominican RepublicJohnny Pacheco_cell_0_3_1
GenresJohnny Pacheco_header_cell_0_4_0 Johnny Pacheco_cell_0_4_1
Occupation(s)Johnny Pacheco_header_cell_0_5_0 Johnny Pacheco_cell_0_5_1
InstrumentsJohnny Pacheco_header_cell_0_6_0 Johnny Pacheco_cell_0_6_1
LabelsJohnny Pacheco_header_cell_0_7_0 FaniaJohnny Pacheco_cell_0_7_1

Johnny Pacheco (born Juan Pablo Pacheco Knipping; 25 March 1935) is a Dominican musician, arranger, composer, producer, and bandleader of Salsa music (guaracha, son montuno, danzón, cha cha chá, guajira-son, pachanga). Johnny Pacheco_sentence_0

He is one of the most influential figures in Latin music, best known for being the creator of the Fania All-Stars and Fania Records, and for coining the term "Salsa" to denote the genre. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_1

Pacheco is widely recognized as a salsa pioneer and innovator and is a 9-time Grammy nominee and was awarded the Latin Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award by The Latin Recording Academy in 2005. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_2

Early life and family Johnny Pacheco_section_0

Born in Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, Pacheco inherited his passion for music from his father, Rafael Azarías Pacheco, who was the bandleader and clarinetist of the "Santa Cecilia Orchestra". Johnny Pacheco_sentence_3

In the late 1940s, when Pacheco was 11, his family moved to New York City. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_4

He continued polishing his musical skills, learning to play accordion, violin, flute, saxophone and clarinet. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_5

His father, Rafael Azarías Pacheco, was the grandson of a Spanish soldier who arrived during the Spanish reannexation of Santo Domingo. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_6

His mother, Octavia Knipping Rochet, was the granddaughter of a French colonist, and the great-granddaughter of a German merchant who was married to a Dominican woman born to Spanish colonists. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_7

Early music career Johnny Pacheco_section_1

Playing the flute, saxophone, and various percussion instruments, Pacheco performed with Charlie Palmieri's (the brother of Eddie Palmieri's) Latin orchestra for a number of years before forming his own band in 1959. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_8

In 1960, he organized his first orchestra, Pacheco y Su Charanga. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_9

The band signed with Alegre Records and within the first year of its release, his first album Johnny Pacheco y Su Charanga sold over 100,000 copies. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_10

Beginning then and through the end of 1963 Pacheco introduced a new dance craze called "Pachanga". Johnny Pacheco_sentence_11

He became an internationally renowned star and toured extensively throughout the United States, Europe, Asia, and Latin America. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_12

Moreover, "Pacheco y Su Charanga" was the first Latin band to headline the Apollo Theater in New York City in 1962 and 1963. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_13

Fania Records Johnny Pacheco_section_2

Pacheco's career as a musician reached its peak in 1964, when he co-founded with Jerry Masucci Fania Records, of which Pacheco was the VP, A&R creative director, and musical producer. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_14

At Fania Records, Pacheco launched and solidified the careers of many artists who are now part of the history of the “Fania Family.” This was the record label that set the gold standard in Latin music and gained previously unimaginable international celebrity for many of its recording artists.Listen to Salsa Music from Johnny Pacheco over Spotify, Apple Music and all streaming music platforms. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_15

In 1964, the label released his next endeavor entitled Cañonazo (Cannon Shot). Johnny Pacheco_sentence_16

The album featured Pete "El Conde" Rodriguez on vocals and a switch from the Charanga to the smaller-format Conjunto style. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_17

This was the first of many recordings with the "compadres" (literally, "godfathers"), and the beginning of a long friendship and working relationship between Pacheco and Rodriguez. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_18

Together, they recorded Los Compadres (1970), Perfecta Combinación (Perfect Combination) (1971), Tres de Café y Dos de Azúcar (Three Parts Coffee and Two Parts Sugar) (1973) and many other successful albums. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_19

In 1967, he gathered many of the musicians from the Fania label and showcased them together in concert. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_20

This marked the birth of the legendary Fania All-Stars. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_21

Also in 1966, Pacheco worked with the nasal-voiced singer Monguito "El Único" from the band Orquesta Broadway and vocalist Chivirico Dávila to record the seminal "Viva África" LP. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_22

This album nods to Pacheco's increasing popularity at the time in West Africa. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_23

Pacheco would later make a pilgrimage to Africa partly based upon that notoriety and his Afro-Caribbean ancestry. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_24

Original Fania band Johnny Pacheco_section_3

The early Fania All-Stars band was made up of Johnny Pacheco, musical director and flute; Larry Harlow on piano; Bobby Valentín (later replaced by Salvador "Sal" Cuevas) on bass guitar; Ray Barretto on conga (replaced later on by others, including Mongo Santamaría, Johnny "Dandy" Rodríguez and Eddie Montalvo); Roberto Roena on bongos; and Orestes Vilató on timbales (later replaced by Nicky Marrero due to a conflict with Ray Barretto, whose singer, Adalberto Santiago, formed La Típica 73 with Vilató, angering Barretto and forcing Pacheco to replace Vilató to prevent internal conflicts); Willie Colón, Barry Rodgers (subsequently replaced), and Renaldo Jorge (replaced by several others) on trombones; Larry Spencer (also to be replaced), Roberto Rodríguez (replaced by Víctor Paz, and subsequently by Juan "Juancito" Torres) and Héctor "Bomberito" Zarzuela on trumpets; and Yomo Toro on the cuatro (a small Puerto Rican guitar with 5 pairs of double strings). Johnny Pacheco_sentence_25

The lead singers included vocalists from the Colón, Pacheco, Barretto and Harlow bands. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_26

Héctor Lavoe, Pete "El Conde" Rodríguez, Adalberto Santiago, and Ismael Miranda were joined by Santitos Colón (from the Tito Puente band), José Cheo Feliciano (from the Joe Cuba band) and Ismael Quintana (from the Eddie Palmieri orchestra). Johnny Pacheco_sentence_27

Early Fania All-Stars guests were Eddie Palmieri, Tito Puente, Joe Bataan, Monguito, Mongo Santamaría, Jr., Jimmy Sabater, La Lupe, Louie Ramírez, Ralph Robles Ricardo, Richie Ray, and Bobby Cruz. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_28

The 1970s lineup included Rubén Blades, Celia Cruz, Papo Lucca, Luigi Texidor, Jorge Santana (Carlos's brother), drummer Billy Cobham, and the Cameroonian sax player Manu Dibango who appeared as a guest in concerts and live recordings in Puerto Rico and New York. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_29

Singer Andy Montañez would later join the band in the mid 1990s. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_30

Other achievements Johnny Pacheco_section_4

Pacheco has recorded and composed over 150 songs. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_31

Among them are "Mi Gente", "La Dicha Mia", "Quítate Tú" (Pa’ Ponerme Yo), "Acuyuye," "El Rey de la Puntualidad," Tito Puente‘s "El Número Cien," and Celia Cruz's "Celia y Tito." Johnny Pacheco_sentence_32

His nine Grammy nominations, ten Gold records and numerous awards acknowledge his creative talent as composer, arranger, bandleader and producer. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_33

Pacheco has also been an inspiration to the younger generations. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_34

For example, rap artist Mangu asked him to write arrangements, sing chorus, and play the flute in his album entitled Calle Luna y Calle Sol. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_35

Pacheco also produced music for feature films; he was the musical director of the film, Our Latin Thing, the first film about salsa and its influence on New York Latinos; he worked on a second film entitled Salsa released in 1974. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_36

In the 1980s, he wrote the musical scores and themes for the films Mondo New York and Something Wild. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_37

The latter was a collaboration with David Byrne, the lead singer of the group Talking Heads. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_38

Several tracks that he arranged, produced, and/or performed were on the soundtrack of the 1992 Warner Brothers film, The Mambo Kings. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_39

Pacheco participated in the AIDS benefit concert "Concierto Por La Vida" in November 1988 at New York City's Avery Fisher Hall. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_40

He demonstrated his solidarity with the victims of Hurricane Georges (Zhorzh) by collaborating with the Hispanic Federation Relief Fund during "Hurricane Georges Relief Fund 1998". Johnny Pacheco_sentence_41

This event was transmitted live across the northeastern United States by the NBC television network. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_42

He also participated at an event at Hostos Community College for the same purpose. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_43

Awards and recognition Johnny Pacheco_section_5

Pacheco's contributions to Latin Music have been recognized throughout his illustrious career. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_44

The following are among the awards that have been bestowed upon him: Johnny Pacheco_sentence_45

In 1996, the then President of the Dominican Republic, Joaquín Balaguer, bestowed him with the prestigious Presidential Medal of Honor. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_46

A year later, Pacheco was the recipient of the Bobby Capó Lifetime Achievement Award, awarded by New York Governor George Pataki. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_47

In addition, Pacheco was presented with the First International Dominican Artist Award from the distinguished Casandra Awards. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_48

In June 1996, Johnny Pacheco was the first Latin music producer to receive the National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences, (NARAS) Governor's Award in New York City. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_49

In 1998, Pacheco was inducted to [International Latin Music Hall of Fame] (ILMHF) during the first Induction and Award of the ILMHF. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_50

The ILMHF awarded him The Lifetime Achievement Award, in 2002. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_51

In 2004, Pacheco was awarded the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, ASCAP Silver Pen Award. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_52

On June 5, 2005, Pacheco was honored by Union City, New Jersey with a star on the Walk of Fame at Union City's Celia Cruz Park. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_53

In 2005 The Latin Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences awarded Johnny Pacheco with its Lifetime Achievement Award at that years Latin Grammy's. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_54

In 2007, Pacheco was portrayed in the movie El Cantante starring Marc Anthony and Jennifer Lopez. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_55

On March 24, 2009, Pacheco was awarded "El Soberano", the highest distinction given by the Association of Art Columnists of the Dominican Republic. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_56

In August of 2020, Johnny Pacheco's composition "Celia y Tito' by Tito Puente and Celia Cruz was featured in the 4th season finale of the NBC TV network program "World of Dance' which is produced and judged by international film and recording star Jennifer Lopez. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_57

Among his many songs utilized in Film and Television. Johnny Pacheco_sentence_58

Discography Johnny Pacheco_section_6

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_0

  • Pacheco y Su Charanga, Vol. 1 1960 (Alegre Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_0
  • Pacheco y su Charanga, Vol. 2 1961 (Alegre Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_1
  • Que Suene la Flauta, Vol. 3 1962 (Alegre Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_2
  • Suavito, Vol. 4 1962 (Alegre Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_3
  • Spotlight on Pacheco, Vol. 5 1963 (Alegre Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_4
  • The Alegre All-Stars, Vol. 1 (Alegre Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_5
  • Once Upon A Time 1964 (Alegre Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_6
  • Las Charangas 1963 (Alegre Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_7
  • Cañonazo 1964 (1st recording for Fania Records)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_8
  • Pacheco at the N.Y. World's Fair 1964Johnny Pacheco_item_0_9
  • Pacheco, His Flute and Latin Jam 1965Johnny Pacheco_item_0_10
  • By Popular Demand 1966Johnny Pacheco_item_0_11
  • Viva África 1966Johnny Pacheco_item_0_12
  • Pacheco Te Invita a Bailar 1967Johnny Pacheco_item_0_13
  • Sabor Típico 1967Johnny Pacheco_item_0_14
  • Pacheco presents Monguito 1968Johnny Pacheco_item_0_15
  • 1968 Volando BajitoJohnny Pacheco_item_0_16
  • Los Dinámicos 1970Johnny Pacheco_item_0_17
  • La Perfecta Combinación 1971Johnny Pacheco_item_0_18
  • Los Compadres 1972Johnny Pacheco_item_0_19
  • Tres de Café y Dos de Azúcar 1973Johnny Pacheco_item_0_20
  • 10 Great Years 1974Johnny Pacheco_item_0_21
  • Celia & Johnny 1974Johnny Pacheco_item_0_22
  • Tremendo Caché 1975Johnny Pacheco_item_0_23
  • El Maestro 1976Johnny Pacheco_item_0_24
  • Recordando el Ayer 1977Johnny Pacheco_item_0_25
  • The Artist 1977Johnny Pacheco_item_0_26
  • El Zorro de Plata y El Flaco de Oro 1981Johnny Pacheco_item_0_27
  • De Nuevo con Celia CruzJohnny Pacheco_item_0_28
  • Jícamo 1985Johnny Pacheco_item_0_29
  • ¡Sima! 1993Johnny Pacheco_item_0_30
  • Salsobita 1987Johnny Pacheco_item_0_31
  • Celebración 1989Johnny Pacheco_item_0_32
  • Llegó Melón 1977Johnny Pacheco_item_0_33
  • Eternos con Celia CruzJohnny Pacheco_item_0_34
  • Introducing Johnny PachecoJohnny Pacheco_item_0_35
  • Champ 1980Johnny Pacheco_item_0_36
  • Los Amigos 1980Johnny Pacheco_item_0_37
  • Flying HighJohnny Pacheco_item_0_38
  • Los Dos MosqueterosJohnny Pacheco_item_0_39
  • La CremaJohnny Pacheco_item_0_40
  • SabrosuraJohnny Pacheco_item_0_41
  • Los DistinguidosJohnny Pacheco_item_0_42
  • De Película (Rolando Laserie)Johnny Pacheco_item_0_43
  • Las Tres FlautasJohnny Pacheco_item_0_44
  • Pacheco y FajardoJohnny Pacheco_item_0_45
  • De Nuevo Los Compadres 1983Johnny Pacheco_item_0_46
  • Celia, Johnny y PeteJohnny Pacheco_item_0_47
  • Entre AmigosJohnny Pacheco_item_0_48

Compilations Johnny Pacheco_section_7

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_1

  • Había Una Vez (Once Upon a Time) (1970)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_49
  • 10 Great Years (1973)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_50
  • Lo Mejor de Pacheco (The Best of Pacheco) (1974)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_51
  • Introducing... (1989)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_52
  • Pacheco's Party (1994)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_53
  • Johnny Pacheco (2000)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_54
  • The Best of Johnny Pacheco (2001)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_55
  • Lo Mejor (2004)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_56
  • Reserva Musical (2008)Johnny Pacheco_item_1_57

As sideman Johnny Pacheco_section_8

With Melanie Johnny Pacheco_sentence_59

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_2

With George Benson Johnny Pacheco_sentence_60

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_3

With Kenny Burrell Johnny Pacheco_sentence_61

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_4

With Johnny Lytle Johnny Pacheco_sentence_62

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_5

With Les McCann Johnny Pacheco_sentence_63

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_6

With McCoy Tyner Johnny Pacheco_sentence_64

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_7

With Eydie Gorme Johnny Pacheco_sentence_65

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_8

With Kai Winding Johnny Pacheco_sentence_66

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_9

Fania All-Stars (musical director) Johnny Pacheco_section_9

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_10

  • Live at the Red Garter Vol 1Johnny Pacheco_item_10_67
  • Live at the Red Garter Vol 2Johnny Pacheco_item_10_68
  • Live at the Cheetah Vol 1Johnny Pacheco_item_10_69
  • Live at the Cheetah Vol 2Johnny Pacheco_item_10_70
  • Live at Yankee Stadium Vol 1Johnny Pacheco_item_10_71
  • Live at Yankee Stadium Vol 2Johnny Pacheco_item_10_72
  • Live in AfricaJohnny Pacheco_item_10_73
  • Live in San Juan - 1973Johnny Pacheco_item_10_74
  • A Tribute to Tito RodríguezJohnny Pacheco_item_10_75
  • Live in Japan - 1976Johnny Pacheco_item_10_76
  • Delicate and JumpyJohnny Pacheco_item_10_77
  • Spanish FeverJohnny Pacheco_item_10_78
  • Rhythm MachineJohnny Pacheco_item_10_79
  • CrossoverJohnny Pacheco_item_10_80
  • CommitmentJohnny Pacheco_item_10_81
  • Viva La CharangaJohnny Pacheco_item_10_82
  • Latin ConnectionJohnny Pacheco_item_10_83
  • Lo Que Pide La GenteJohnny Pacheco_item_10_84
  • BamboleoJohnny Pacheco_item_10_85
  • California JamJohnny Pacheco_item_10_86
  • Havana JamJohnny Pacheco_item_10_87
  • GuasasaJohnny Pacheco_item_10_88
  • Social ChangeJohnny Pacheco_item_10_89
  • BravoJohnny Pacheco_item_10_90
  • The Perfect BlendJohnny Pacheco_item_10_91
  • Viva Colombia - The Cali ConcertJohnny Pacheco_item_10_92
  • Live in Puerto Rico - 1993Johnny Pacheco_item_10_93

See also Johnny Pacheco_section_10

Johnny Pacheco_unordered_list_11

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Pacheco.