Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix

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Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix (24 September 1764, Thonon-les-Bains, Haute-Savoie – 26 October 1834) was a French general of the Napoleonic Wars. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_0

Career Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_section_0

He was born at Thonon in Savoy. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_1

He studied medicine, took his degree at Turin, and then went to Paris, where in 1789 he joined the National Guard. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_2

In 1791 he tried without success to begin an uprising in Savoy, in 1792 he organized the Légion des Allobroges, and in the following years he served at the siege of Toulon, in the Army of the Eastern Pyrenees, and in the Army of Italy. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_3

He was captured at Rivoli, but was soon exchanged. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_4

In the spring of 1798 Dessaix was elected a member of the Council of Five Hundred. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_5

He was one of the few in that body who opposed the coup d'etat of the 18th Brumaire (November 9, 1799). Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_6

In 1803 he was promoted general of brigade, and soon afterwards Commander of the Légion d'honneur. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_7

He distinguished himself greatly at the battle of Wagram (1809), and was about this time promoted general of division and named Grand Officer of the Légion d'honneur, and in 1810 was made a count. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_8

He took part in Napoleon's invasion of Russia, and was twice wounded. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_9

For several months he was commandant of Berlin, and afterwards delivered the department of Mont Blanc from the Austrians. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_10

After the first restoration Dessaix held a command under the Bourbons. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_11

He joined Napoleon in the Hundred Days and was appointed to command the 23rd Division in Marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet's corps on the Savoy frontier. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_12

His division included two battalions each of the 42nd and 53rd Line Infantry Regiments under General of Brigade Jean Revest and three battalions of the 67th Line under General of Brigade Jean Montfalcon. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_13

In 1816 he was imprisoned for five months. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_14

The rest of his life was spent in retirement. Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix_sentence_15


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph Marie, Count Dessaix.