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For other uses, see Journeyman (disambiguation). Journeyman_sentence_0

A journeyman is a worker, skilled in a given building trade or craft, who has successfully completed an official apprenticeship qualification. Journeyman_sentence_1

Journeymen are considered competent and authorized to work in that field as a fully qualified employee. Journeyman_sentence_2

They earn their license by education, supervised experience and examination. Journeyman_sentence_3

Although journeymen have completed a trade certificate and are allowed to work as employees, they may not yet work as self-employed master craftsmen. Journeyman_sentence_4

The term "journeyman" was originally used in the medieval trade guilds. Journeyman_sentence_5

Journeymen were paid daily and the word "journey" is derived from journée, meaning "day" in French. Journeyman_sentence_6

Each individual guild generally recognised three ranks of workers: apprentices, journeymen, and masters. Journeyman_sentence_7

A journeyman, as a qualified tradesman could become a master and run their own business, but most continued working as employees. Journeyman_sentence_8

Guidelines were put in place to promote responsible tradesmen, who were held accountable for their own work and to protect the individual trade and the general public from unskilled workers. Journeyman_sentence_9

To become a master, a journeyman has to submit a master piece of work to a guild for evaluation. Journeyman_sentence_10

Only after evaluation can a journeyman be admitted to the guild as a master. Journeyman_sentence_11

Sometimes, a journeyman was required to accomplish a three-year working trip, which may be called the journeyman years. Journeyman_sentence_12

Origin Journeyman_section_0

The word journey comes from the French journée (day), which in turn comes from the Latin diurnus (pertaining to a day, daily). Journeyman_sentence_13

The title "journeyman" refers to the right to charge a fee for each day's work. Journeyman_sentence_14

A journeyman has completed an apprenticeship but is employed by another such as a master craftsman, but they would live apart and might have a family of their own. Journeyman_sentence_15

A journeyman could not employ others. Journeyman_sentence_16

In contrast, an apprentice would be bound to a master, usually for a fixed term of seven years, and lived with the master as a member of the household, receiving most or all compensation in the form of food, lodging, and training. Journeyman_sentence_17

In parts of Europe, as in Late Medieval Germany, spending time as a wandering journeyman (Wandergeselle), moving from one town to another to gain experience of different workshops, was an important part of the training of an aspirant master. Journeyman_sentence_18

Carpenters and other artisans in German speaking countries have retained the tradition of traveling journeymen even today, but only a few still practice it. Journeyman_sentence_19

In France, wandering journeymen were known as compagnons. Journeyman_sentence_20

Modern era Journeyman_section_1

In modern apprenticeship systems, a journeyman has a trades certificate to show the required completion of an apprenticeship. Journeyman_sentence_21

In many countries, it is the highest formal rank, as that of master has been eliminated, and they may perform all tasks of the trade in the area certified as well as supervise apprentices and become self-employed. Journeyman_sentence_22

The modern apprenticeship system aims to build skills by on-the-job training. Journeyman_sentence_23

An apprentice is able to earn a living while learning new skills. Journeyman_sentence_24

The working environment is closely linked to the employer giving the individual company the opportunity to shape the apprentice, within the guidelines, to suit particular requirements. Journeyman_sentence_25

Quite often, a strong working relationship is built between employee and employer. Journeyman_sentence_26

In Germany, however, master craftsmen, after they complete their apprenticeships, are required to take part-time courses that last three to four years or full-time courses that last one year. Journeyman_sentence_27

United States Journeyman_section_2

Australia Journeyman_section_3

In Australia, a journeyman registration allows the permit holder to work under the general direction of an advanced tradesman. Journeyman_sentence_28

A journeyman may oversee the work of apprentices and trades assistants but may not contract for work using that particular registration. Journeyman_sentence_29

A journeyman level qualification is obtained by completing a formal apprenticeship. Journeyman_sentence_30

An apprenticeship is learning a skilled trade under the supervision of an advanced tradesperson. Journeyman_sentence_31

An apprentice is a trainee who is becoming formally trained and qualified in a particular type of trade. Journeyman_sentence_32

The duration of an apprenticeship is usually three to four years, depending on the individual trade. Journeyman_sentence_33

On completion of the training the apprentice will receive a nationally recognised qualification, a trade certificate. Journeyman_sentence_34

Practical on-the-job learning makes up the majority of an apprenticeship, but it also incorporates some classroom learning. Journeyman_sentence_35

Apprenticeships offer real-life experience in the workplace, a regular income and new skills. Journeyman_sentence_36

Examples of licensed trades are plumbers and gas-fitters, electricians, air-conditioning and refrigeration mechanics and carpenters and joiners. Journeyman_sentence_37

Canada Journeyman_section_4

In Canada, in addition to completion of Apprenticeship in a Skilled Trade, the worker may also choose to write an exam to be recognized throughout the country via the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal program. Journeyman_sentence_38

Modern journeyman Journeyman_section_5

The modern journeyman is a term for the many paths of adult education and can be used to describe life's process of continual learning. Journeyman_sentence_39

Although the term journeyman is typically traditional, modern journeyman is also used to refer to current concepts of adult education: life-long learning, up-skilling, the knowledge wave and modern apprenticeships. Journeyman_sentence_40

See also Journeyman_section_6


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