Kanye West

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"Kanye" redirects here. Kanye West_sentence_0

For other uses, see Kanye (disambiguation). Kanye West_sentence_1

Kanye West_table_infobox_0

Kanye WestKanye West_header_cell_0_0_0
BornKanye West_header_cell_0_1_0 Kanye Omari West
(1977-06-08) June 8, 1977 (age 43)

Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.Kanye West_cell_0_1_1

Other namesKanye West_header_cell_0_2_0 Kanye West_cell_0_2_1
OccupationKanye West_header_cell_0_3_0 Kanye West_cell_0_3_1
Years activeKanye West_header_cell_0_4_0 1996–presentKanye West_cell_0_4_1
OrganizationKanye West_header_cell_0_5_0 DONDAKanye West_cell_0_5_1
Political partyKanye West_header_cell_0_6_0 Kanye West_cell_0_6_1
Spouse(s)Kanye West_header_cell_0_7_0 Kim Kardashian ​(m. 2014)​Kanye West_cell_0_7_1
ChildrenKanye West_header_cell_0_8_0 4Kanye West_cell_0_8_1
RelativesKanye West_header_cell_0_9_0 Tony Williams (cousin)Kanye West_cell_0_9_1
AwardsKanye West_header_cell_0_10_0 Full listKanye West_cell_0_10_1
OriginKanye West_header_cell_0_11_0 Chicago, Illinois, U.S.Kanye West_cell_0_11_1
GenresKanye West_header_cell_0_12_0 Kanye West_cell_0_12_1
InstrumentsKanye West_header_cell_0_13_0 Kanye West_cell_0_13_1
LabelsKanye West_header_cell_0_14_0 Kanye West_cell_0_14_1
Associated actsKanye West_header_cell_0_15_0 Kanye West_cell_0_15_1
WebsiteKanye West_header_cell_0_16_0 Kanye West_cell_0_16_1

Kanye Omari West (/ˈkɑːnjeɪ/; born June 8, 1977) is an American rapper, record producer, and fashion designer. Kanye West_sentence_2

He has been influential in the 21st-century development of mainstream hip hop and popular music in general. Kanye West_sentence_3

Born in Atlanta and raised in Chicago, West was first known as a producer for Roc-A-Fella Records in the early 2000s, producing singles for several mainstream artists. Kanye West_sentence_4

Intent on pursuing a solo career as a rapper, West released his debut album The College Dropout in 2004 to critical and commercial success, and founded the record label GOOD Music. Kanye West_sentence_5

He experimented with a variety of musical genres on subsequent acclaimed studio albums, including Late Registration (2005), Graduation (2007), and 808s & Heartbreak (2008). Kanye West_sentence_6

Drawing inspiration from maximalism and minimalism, respectively, West's fifth album My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (2010) and sixth album Yeezus (2013) were also critical successes. Kanye West_sentence_7

He went on to release The Life of Pablo (2016), Ye (2018), and Jesus Is King (2019). Kanye West_sentence_8

West's discography also includes the full-length collaborations Watch the Throne (2011) and Kids See Ghosts (2018) with Jay-Z and Kid Cudi, respectively. Kanye West_sentence_9

West's outspoken views and life outside of music have received significant media attention. Kanye West_sentence_10

He has been a frequent source of controversy for his conduct at award shows, on social media, and in other public settings, as well as for his comments on the music and fashion industries, U.S. politics, and race. Kanye West_sentence_11

In 2020, he ran an unsuccessful independent presidential campaign that advocated for a consistent life ethic. Kanye West_sentence_12

His Christian faith, as well as his marriage to television personality Kim Kardashian, have also been a source of media attention. Kanye West_sentence_13

As a fashion designer, he has collaborated with Nike, Louis Vuitton, and A.P.C. Kanye West_sentence_14

on both clothing and footwear, and have most prominently resulted in the Yeezy collaboration with Adidas beginning in 2013. Kanye West_sentence_15

He is the founder and head of the creative content company DONDA. Kanye West_sentence_16

West is one of the world's best-selling music artists, with more than 20 million albums and 140 million singles sold worldwide. Kanye West_sentence_17

He has won a total of 21 Grammy Awards, making him one of the most awarded artists of all time. Kanye West_sentence_18

Among his other awards include the Billboard Artist Achievement Award, a joint-record three Brit Awards for Best International Male Solo Artist and the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award. Kanye West_sentence_19

Six of his albums have been included on Rolling Stone's 2020 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list; the same publication named him one of the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time. Kanye West_sentence_20

West is the tied holder for the most albums (four) topping the annual Pazz & Jop critic poll. Kanye West_sentence_21

Time magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2005 and 2015. Kanye West_sentence_22

Early life Kanye West_section_0

Most biographies and reference works state that West was born on June 8, 1977, in Atlanta, Georgia, although some sources give his birthplace as Douglasville, a small city west of Atlanta. Kanye West_sentence_23

After his parents divorced when he was three years old, he moved with his mother to Chicago, Illinois. Kanye West_sentence_24

His father, Ray West, is a former Black Panther and was one of the first black photojournalists at The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Kanye West_sentence_25

Ray West was later a Christian counselor, and in 2006, opened the Good Water Store and Café in Lexington Park, Maryland, with startup capital from his son. Kanye West_sentence_26

West's mother, Dr. Donda C. (Williams) West, was a professor of English at Clark Atlanta University, and the Chair of the English Department at Chicago State University, before retiring to serve as his manager. Kanye West_sentence_27

West was raised in a middle-class background, attending Polaris High School in suburban Oak Lawn, Illinois, after living in Chicago. Kanye West_sentence_28

At the age of 10, West moved with his mother to Nanjing, China, where she was teaching at Nanjing University as part of an exchange program. Kanye West_sentence_29

According to his mother, West was the only foreigner in his class, but settled in well and quickly picked up the language, although he has since forgotten most of it. Kanye West_sentence_30

When asked about his grades in high school, West replied, "I got A's and B's. Kanye West_sentence_31

And I'm not even frontin'." Kanye West_sentence_32

West demonstrated an affinity for the arts at an early age; he began writing poetry when he was five years old. Kanye West_sentence_33

His mother recalled that she first took notice of West's passion for drawing and music when he was in the third grade. Kanye West_sentence_34

West started rapping in the third grade and began making musical compositions in the seventh grade, eventually selling them to other artists. Kanye West_sentence_35

At age thirteen, West wrote a rap song called "Green Eggs and Ham" (the title of a best-selling children's book by Dr. Kanye West_sentence_36

Seuss) and persuaded his mother to pay for time in a recording studio. Kanye West_sentence_37

Accompanying him to the studio and despite discovering it being "a little basement studio" where a microphone hung from the ceiling by a wire clothes hanger, West's mother nonetheless supported and encouraged him. Kanye West_sentence_38

West crossed paths with producer/DJ No I.D. Kanye West_sentence_39

, with whom he quickly formed a close friendship. Kanye West_sentence_40

No I.D. Kanye West_sentence_41

soon became West's mentor, and it was from him that West learned how to sample and program beats after he received his first sampler at age 15. Kanye West_sentence_42

After graduating from high school, West received a scholarship to attend Chicago's American Academy of Art in 1997 and began taking painting classes; shortly after, he transferred to Chicago State University to study English. Kanye West_sentence_43

He soon realized that his busy class schedule was detrimental to his musical work, and at 20 he dropped out of college to pursue his musical dreams. Kanye West_sentence_44

This greatly displeased his mother, who was also a professor at the university. Kanye West_sentence_45

She later commented, "It was drummed into my head that college is the ticket to a good life ... but some career goals don't require college. Kanye West_sentence_46

For Kanye to make an album called College Dropout it was more about having the guts to embrace who you are, rather than following the path society has carved out for you." Kanye West_sentence_47

Musical career Kanye West_section_1

1996–2002: Early work and Roc-A-Fella Records Kanye West_section_2

Kanye West began his early production career in the mid-1990s, creating beats primarily for burgeoning local artists, eventually developing a style that involved speeding up vocal samples from classic soul records. Kanye West_sentence_48

His first official production credits came at the age of nineteen when he produced eight tracks on Down to Earth, the 1996 debut album of a Chicago rapper named Grav. Kanye West_sentence_49

For a time, West acted as a ghost producer for Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie. Kanye West_sentence_50

Because of his association with D-Dot, West wasn't able to release a solo album, so he formed and became a member and producer of the Go-Getters, a late-1990s Chicago rap group composed of him, GLC, Timmy G, Really Doe, and Arrowstar. Kanye West_sentence_51

His group was managed by John Monopoly, Don Crowley, and Happy Lewis under the management firm Hustle Period. Kanye West_sentence_52

After attending a series of promotional photo shoots and making some radio appearances, The Go-Getters released their first and only studio album World Record Holders in 1999. Kanye West_sentence_53

The album featured other Chicago-based rappers such as Rhymefest, Mikkey Halsted, Miss Criss, and Shayla G. Meanwhile, the production was handled by West, Arrowstar, Boogz, and Brian "All Day" Miller. Kanye West_sentence_54

In 1998, West was the first person signed by Gee Roberson and Kyambo "Hip Hop" Joshuato to management-production company Hip Hop Since 1978. Kanye West_sentence_55

West spent much of the late 1990s producing records for a number of well-known artists and music groups. Kanye West_sentence_56

The third song on Foxy Brown's second studio album Chyna Doll was produced by West. Kanye West_sentence_57

Her second effort subsequently became the first hip-hop album by a female rapper to debut at the top of the U.S. Billboard 200 chart in its first week of release. Kanye West_sentence_58

West produced three of the tracks on Harlem World's first and only album The Movement alongside Jermaine Dupri and the production duo Trackmasters. Kanye West_sentence_59

His songs featured rappers Nas, Drag-On, and R&B singer Carl Thomas. Kanye West_sentence_60

The ninth track from World Party, the last Goodie Mob album to feature the rap group's four founding members prior to their break-up, was co-produced by West with his manager Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie. Kanye West_sentence_61

At the close of the millennium, West ended up producing six songs for Tell 'Em Why U Madd, an album that was released by D-Dot under the alias of The Madd Rapper; a fictional character he created for a skit on The Notorious B.I.G.'s second and final studio album Life After Death. Kanye West_sentence_62

West's songs featured guest appearances from rappers such as Ma$e, Raekwon, and Eminem. Kanye West_sentence_63

West got his big break in the year 2000, when he began to produce for artists on Roc-A-Fella Records. Kanye West_sentence_64

West came to achieve recognition and is often credited with revitalizing Jay-Z's career with his contributions to the rap mogul's influential 2001 album The Blueprint. Kanye West_sentence_65

The Blueprint is consistently ranked among the greatest hip-hop albums, and the critical and financial success of the album generated substantial interest in West as a producer. Kanye West_sentence_66

Serving as an in-house producer for Roc-A-Fella Records, West produced records for other artists from the label, including Beanie Sigel, Freeway, and Cam'ron. Kanye West_sentence_67

He also crafted hit songs for Ludacris, Alicia Keys, and Janet Jackson. Kanye West_sentence_68

Despite his success as a producer, West's true aspiration was to be a rapper. Kanye West_sentence_69

Though he had developed his rapping long before he began producing, it was often a challenge for West to be accepted as a rapper, and he struggled to attain a record deal. Kanye West_sentence_70

Multiple record companies ignored him because he did not portray the 'gangsta image' prominent in mainstream hip hop at the time. Kanye West_sentence_71

After a series of meetings with Capitol Records, West was ultimately denied an artist deal. Kanye West_sentence_72

According to Capitol Records' A&R, Joe Weinberger, he was approached by West and almost signed a deal with him, but another person in the company convinced Capitol's president not to. Kanye West_sentence_73

Desperate to keep West from defecting to another label, then-label head Damon Dash reluctantly signed West to Roc-A-Fella Records. Kanye West_sentence_74

Jay-Z later admitted that Roc-A-Fella was initially reluctant to support West as a rapper, claiming that many saw him as a producer first and foremost and that his background contrasted with that of his labelmates. Kanye West_sentence_75

West's breakthrough came a year later on October 23, 2002, when, while driving home from a California recording studio after working late, he fell asleep at the wheel causing a head-on crash with another car. Kanye West_sentence_76

The crash left him with a shattered jaw, which had to be wired shut in reconstructive surgery. Kanye West_sentence_77

The crash broke both legs of the other driver. Kanye West_sentence_78

The accident inspired West; two weeks after being admitted to the hospital, he recorded a song at the Record Plant Studios with his jaw still wired shut. Kanye West_sentence_79

The composition, "Through the Wire", expressed West's experience after the accident, and helped lay the foundation for his debut album, as according to West "all the better artists have expressed what they were going through". Kanye West_sentence_80

West added that "the album was my medicine", as working on the record distracted him from the pain. Kanye West_sentence_81

"Through the Wire" was first available on West's Get Well Soon ... mixtape, released December 2002. Kanye West_sentence_82

At the same time, West announced that he was working on an album called The College Dropout, whose overall theme was to "make your own decisions. Kanye West_sentence_83

Don't let society tell you, 'This is what you have to do.'" Kanye West_sentence_84

2003–2006: The College Dropout and Late Registration Kanye West_section_3

Main articles: The College Dropout and Late Registration Kanye West_sentence_85

West recorded the remainder of the album in Los Angeles while recovering from the car accident. Kanye West_sentence_86

Once he had completed the album, it was leaked months before its release date. Kanye West_sentence_87

However, West decided to use the opportunity to review the album, and The College Dropout was significantly remixed, remastered, and revised before being released. Kanye West_sentence_88

As a result, certain tracks originally destined for the album were subsequently retracted, among them "Keep the Receipt" with Ol' Dirty Bastard and "The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly" with Consequence. Kanye West_sentence_89

West meticulously refined the production, adding string arrangements, gospel choirs, improved drum programming and new verses. Kanye West_sentence_90

West's perfectionism led The College Dropout to have its release postponed three times from its initial date in August 2003. Kanye West_sentence_91

The College Dropout was eventually issued by Roc-A-Fella in February 2004, shooting to number two on the Billboard 200 as his debut single, "Through the Wire" peaked at number fifteen on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for five weeks. Kanye West_sentence_92

"Slow Jamz", his second single featuring Twista and Jamie Foxx, became an even bigger success: it became the three musicians' first number one hit. Kanye West_sentence_93

The College Dropout received near-universal critical acclaim from contemporary music critics, was voted the top album of the year by two major music publications and has consistently been ranked among the great hip-hop works and debut albums by artists. Kanye West_sentence_94

"Jesus Walks", the album's fourth single, perhaps exposed West to a wider audience; the song's subject matter concerns faith and Christianity. Kanye West_sentence_95

The song nevertheless reached the top 20 of the Billboard pop charts, despite industry executives' predictions that a song containing such blatant declarations of faith would never make it to the radio. Kanye West_sentence_96

The College Dropout would eventually be certified triple platinum in the US, and garnered West 10 Grammy nominations, including Album of the Year, and Best Rap Album (which it received). Kanye West_sentence_97

During this period, West also founded GOOD Music, a record label and management company that would go on to house affiliate artists and producers, such as No I.D. Kanye West_sentence_98

and John Legend. Kanye West_sentence_99

At the time, the focal point of West's production style was the use of sped-up vocal samples from soul records. Kanye West_sentence_100

However, partly because of the acclaim of The College Dropout, such sampling had been much copied by others; with that overuse, and also because West felt he had become too dependent on the technique, he decided to find a new sound. Kanye West_sentence_101

During this time, he also produced singles for Brandy, Common, John Legend, and Slum Village. Kanye West_sentence_102

Beginning his second effort that fall, West would invest two million dollars and take over a year to craft his second album. Kanye West_sentence_103

West was significantly inspired by Roseland NYC Live, a 1998 live album by English trip hop group Portishead, produced with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Kanye West_sentence_104

Early in his career, the live album had inspired him to incorporate string arrangements into his hip-hop production. Kanye West_sentence_105

Though West had not been able to afford many live instruments around the time of his debut album, the money from his commercial success enabled him to hire a string orchestra for his second album Late Registration. Kanye West_sentence_106

West collaborated with American film score composer Jon Brion, who served as the album's co-executive producer for several tracks. Kanye West_sentence_107

Although Brion had no prior experience in creating hip-hop records, he and West found that they could productively work together after their first afternoon in the studio where they discovered that neither confined his musical knowledge and vision to one specific genre. Kanye West_sentence_108

Late Registration sold over 2.3 million units in the United States alone by the end of 2005 and was considered by industry observers as the only successful major album release of the fall season, which had been plagued by steadily declining CD sales. Kanye West_sentence_109

While West had encountered controversy a year prior when he stormed out of the American Music Awards of 2004 after losing Best New Artist award to Gretchen Wilson, his first large-scale controversy came just days following Late Registration's release, during a benefit concert for Hurricane Katrina victims. Kanye West_sentence_110

In September 2005, NBC broadcast A Concert for Hurricane Relief, and West was a featured speaker. Kanye West_sentence_111

When West was presenting alongside actor Mike Myers, he deviated from the prepared script. Kanye West_sentence_112

Myers spoke next and continued to read the script. Kanye West_sentence_113

Once it was West's turn to speak again, he said, "George Bush doesn't care about black people." Kanye West_sentence_114

West's comment reached much of the United States, leading to mixed reactions; President Bush would later call it one of the most "disgusting moments" of his presidency. Kanye West_sentence_115

West raised further controversy in January 2006 when he posed on the cover of Rolling Stone wearing a crown of thorns. Kanye West_sentence_116

2007–2009: Graduation, 808s and Heartbreak, and VMAs controversy Kanye West_section_4

Main articles: Graduation (album) and 808s & Heartbreak Kanye West_sentence_117

Fresh off spending the previous year touring the world with U2 on their Vertigo Tour, West felt inspired to compose anthemic rap songs that could operate more efficiently in large arenas. Kanye West_sentence_118

To this end, West incorporated the synthesizer into his hip-hop production, utilized slower tempos, and experimented with electronic music and influenced by music of the 1980s. Kanye West_sentence_119

In addition to U2, West drew musical inspiration from arena rock bands such as The Rolling Stones and Led Zeppelin in terms of melody and chord progression. Kanye West_sentence_120

To make his next effort, the third in a planned tetralogy of education-themed studio albums, more introspective and personal in lyricism, West listened to folk and country singer-songwriters Bob Dylan and Johnny Cash in hopes of developing methods to augment his wordplay and storytelling ability. Kanye West_sentence_121

West's third studio album, Graduation, garnered major publicity when its release date pitted West in a sales competition against rapper 50 Cent's Curtis. Kanye West_sentence_122

Upon their September 2007 releases, Graduation outsold Curtis by a large margin, debuting at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart and selling 957,000 copies in its first week. Kanye West_sentence_123

Graduation continued the string of critical and commercial successes by West, and the album's lead single, "Stronger", garnered his third number-one hit. Kanye West_sentence_124

"Stronger", which samples French house duo Daft Punk, has been accredited to not only encouraging other hip-hop artists to incorporate house and electronica elements into their music, but also for playing a part in the revival of disco and electro-infused music in the late 2000s. Kanye West_sentence_125

Ben Detrick of XXL cited the outcome of the sales competition between 50 Cent's Curtis and West's Graduation as being responsible for altering the direction of hip-hop and paving the way for new rappers who didn't follow the hardcore-gangster mold, writing, "If there was ever a moment to indicate hip-hop's changing direction, it may have come when 50 Cent competed with Kanye in 2007 to see whose album would claim superior sales." Kanye West_sentence_126

West's life took a different direction when his mother, Donda West, died of complications from cosmetic surgery involving abdominoplasty and breast reduction in November 2007. Kanye West_sentence_127

Months later, West and fiancée Alexis Phifer ended their engagement and their long-term intermittent relationship, which had begun in 2002. Kanye West_sentence_128

The events profoundly affected West, who set off for his 2008 Glow in the Dark Tour shortly thereafter. Kanye West_sentence_129

Purportedly because his emotions could not be conveyed through rapping, West decided to sing using the voice audio processor Auto-Tune, which would become a central part of his next effort. Kanye West_sentence_130

West had previously experimented with the technology on his debut album The College Dropout for the background vocals of "Jesus Walks" and "Never Let Me Down." Kanye West_sentence_131

Recorded mostly in Honolulu, Hawaii in three weeks, West announced his fourth album, 808s & Heartbreak, at the 2008 MTV Video Music Awards, where he performed its lead single, "Love Lockdown". Kanye West_sentence_132

Music audiences were taken aback by the uncharacteristic production style and the presence of Auto-Tune, which typified the pre-release response to the record. Kanye West_sentence_133

808s & Heartbreak, which features extensive use of the eponymous Roland TR-808 drum machine and contains themes of love, loneliness, and heartache, was released by Island Def Jam to capitalize on Thanksgiving weekend in November 2008. Kanye West_sentence_134

Reviews were positive, though slightly more mixed than his previous efforts. Kanye West_sentence_135

Despite this, the record's singles demonstrated outstanding chart performances. Kanye West_sentence_136

Upon its release, the lead single "Love Lockdown" debuted at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and became a "Hot Shot Debut", while follow-up single "Heartless" performed similarly and became his second consecutive "Hot Shot Debut" by debuting at number four on the Billboard Hot 100. Kanye West_sentence_137

While it was criticized prior to release, 808s & Heartbreak had a significant effect on hip-hop music, encouraging other rappers to take more creative risks with their productions. Kanye West_sentence_138

West's controversial incident the following year at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards was arguably his biggest controversy and led to widespread outrage throughout the music industry. Kanye West_sentence_139

During the ceremony, West crashed the stage and grabbed the microphone from Taylor Swift during her acceptance speech for "Best Female Video" in order to proclaim that Beyoncé's video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", nominated for the same award, was "one of the best videos of all time." Kanye West_sentence_140

He was subsequently withdrawn from the remainder of the show for his actions. Kanye West_sentence_141

West's Fame Kills tour with Lady Gaga was cancelled in response to the controversy. Kanye West_sentence_142

In 2009, West was named by Billboard as the Top Male Artist of 2009. Kanye West_sentence_143

2010–2012: My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy and collaborations Kanye West_section_5

Main articles: My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy and Watch the Throne Kanye West_sentence_144

Following the highly publicized incident, West took a brief break from music and threw himself into fashion, only to hole up in Hawaii for the next few months writing and recording his next album. Kanye West_sentence_145

Importing his favorite producers and artists to work on and inspire his recording, West kept engineers behind the boards 24 hours a day and slept only in increments. Kanye West_sentence_146

Noah Callahan-Bever, a writer for Complex, was present during the sessions and described the "communal" atmosphere as thus: "With the right songs and the right album, he can overcome any and all controversy, and we are here to contribute, challenge, and inspire." Kanye West_sentence_147

A variety of artists contributed to the project, including close friends Jay-Z, Kid Cudi and Pusha T, as well as off-the-wall collaborations, such as with Justin Vernon of Bon Iver. Kanye West_sentence_148

My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, West's fifth studio album, was released in November 2010 to widespread acclaim from critics, many of whom considered it his best work and said it solidified his comeback. Kanye West_sentence_149

In stark contrast to his previous effort, which featured a minimalist sound, Dark Fantasy adopts a maximalist philosophy and deals with themes of celebrity and excess. Kanye West_sentence_150

The record included the international hit "All of the Lights", and Billboard hits "Power", "Monster", and "Runaway", the latter of which accompanied a 35-minute film of the same name directed by and starring West. Kanye West_sentence_151

During this time, West initiated the free music program GOOD Fridays through his website, offering a free download of previously unreleased songs each Friday, a portion of which were included on the album. Kanye West_sentence_152

This promotion ran from August 20 to December 17, 2010. Kanye West_sentence_153

Dark Fantasy went on to go platinum in the United States, but its omission as a contender for Album of the Year at the 54th Grammy Awards was viewed as a "snub" by several media outlets. Kanye West_sentence_154

2011 saw West embark on a festival tour to commemorate the release of My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy performing and headlining numerous festivals including; SWU Music & Arts, Austin City Limits, Oya Festival, Flow Festival, Live Music Festival, The Big Chill, Essence Music Festival, Lollapalooza and Coachella which was described by The Hollywood Reporter as "one of greatest hip-hop sets of all time", West released the collaborative album Watch the Throne with Jay-Z in August 2011. Kanye West_sentence_155

By employing a sales strategy that released the album digitally weeks before its physical counterpart, Watch the Throne became one of the few major label albums in the Internet age to avoid a leak. Kanye West_sentence_156

"Niggas in Paris" became the record's highest charting single, peaking at number five on the Billboard Hot 100. Kanye West_sentence_157

The co-headlining Watch the Throne Tour kicked off in October 2011 and concluded in June 2012. Kanye West_sentence_158

In 2012, West released the compilation album Cruel Summer, a collection of tracks by artists from West's record label GOOD Music. Kanye West_sentence_159

Cruel Summer produced four singles, two of which charted within the top twenty of the Hot 100: "Mercy" and "Clique". Kanye West_sentence_160

West also directed a film of the same name that premiered at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival in custom pyramid-shaped screening pavilion featuring seven screens. Kanye West_sentence_161

2013–2015: Yeezus and Adidas collaboration Kanye West_section_6

Main articles: Yeezus, The Yeezus Tour, and Adidas Yeezy Kanye West_sentence_162

Sessions for West's sixth solo effort begin to take shape in early 2013 in his own personal loft's living room at a Paris hotel. Kanye West_sentence_163

Determined to "undermine the commercial", he once again brought together close collaborators and attempted to incorporate Chicago drill, dancehall, acid house, and industrial music. Kanye West_sentence_164

Primarily inspired by architecture, West's perfectionist tendencies led him to contact producer Rick Rubin fifteen days shy of its due date to strip down the record's sound in favor of a more minimalist approach. Kanye West_sentence_165

Initial promotion of his sixth album included worldwide video projections of the album's music and live television performances. Kanye West_sentence_166

Yeezus, West's sixth album, was released June 18, 2013, to rave reviews from critics. Kanye West_sentence_167

It became his sixth consecutive number one debut, but also marked his lowest solo opening week sales. Kanye West_sentence_168

Def Jam issued "Black Skinhead" to radio in July 2013 as the album's lead single. Kanye West_sentence_169

In September 2013, Kanye West announced he would be headlining his first solo tour in five years, to support Yeezus, with fellow American rapper Kendrick Lamar accompanying him as a supporting act. Kanye West_sentence_170

The tour was met with rave reviews from critics. Kanye West_sentence_171

Rolling Stone described it as "crazily entertaining, hugely ambitious, emotionally affecting (really!) Kanye West_sentence_172

and, most importantly, totally bonkers." Kanye West_sentence_173

Writing for Forbes, Zack O'Malley Greenburg praised West for "taking risks that few pop stars, if any, are willing to take in today's hyper-exposed world of pop," describing the show as "overwrought and uncomfortable at times, but [it] excels at challenging norms and provoking thought in a way that just isn't common for mainstream musical acts of late." Kanye West_sentence_174

In June 2013, West and television personality Kim Kardashian announced the birth of their first child, North, and their engagement in October to widespread media attention. Kanye West_sentence_175

In November, West stated that he was beginning work on his next studio album, hoping to release it by mid-2014, with production by Rick Rubin and Q-Tip. Kanye West_sentence_176

In December 2013, Adidas announced the beginning of their official apparel collaboration with West, to be premiered the following year. Kanye West_sentence_177

In May 2014, West and Kardashian were married in a private ceremony in Florence, Italy, with a variety of artists and celebrities in attendance. Kanye West_sentence_178

West released a single, "Only One", featuring Paul McCartney, in December. Kanye West_sentence_179

"FourFiveSeconds", a single jointly produced with Rihanna and McCartney, was released in January 2015. Kanye West_sentence_180

West also appeared on the Saturday Night Live 40th Anniversary Special, where he premiered a new song entitled "Wolves", featuring Sia Furler and fellow Chicago rapper, Vic Mensa. Kanye West_sentence_181

In February 2015, West premiered his clothing collaboration with Adidas, entitled Yeezy Season 1, to generally positive reviews. Kanye West_sentence_182

This would include West's Yeezy Boost sneakers. Kanye West_sentence_183

In March 2015, West released the single "All Day" featuring Theophilus London, Allan Kingdom and Paul McCartney. Kanye West_sentence_184

West performed the song at the 2015 BRIT Awards with a number of US rappers and UK grime MC's including: Skepta, Wiley, Novelist, Fekky, Krept & Konan, Stormzy, Allan Kingdom, Theophilus London and Vic Mensa. Kanye West_sentence_185

He would premiere the second iteration of his clothing line, Yeezy Season 2, in September 2015 at New York Fashion Week. Kanye West_sentence_186

Having initially announced a new album entitled So Help Me God slated for a 2014 release, in March 2015 West announced that the album would instead be tentatively called SWISH. Kanye West_sentence_187

On May 11, West was awarded an honorary doctorate by the School of the Art Institute of Chicago for his contributions to music, fashion, and popular culture, officially making him an honorary DFA. Kanye West_sentence_188

The next month, West headlined at the Glastonbury Festival in the UK, despite a petition signed by almost 135,000 people against his appearance. Kanye West_sentence_189

Toward the end of the set, West proclaimed himself: "the greatest living rock star on the planet." Kanye West_sentence_190

Media outlets, including social media sites such as Twitter, were divided on his performance. Kanye West_sentence_191

NME stated, "The decision to book West for the slot has proved controversial since its announcement, and the show itself appeared to polarise both Glastonbury goers and those who tuned in to watch on their TVs." Kanye West_sentence_192

The publication added that "he's letting his music speak for and prove itself." Kanye West_sentence_193

The Guardian said that "his set has a potent ferocity—but there are gaps and stutters, and he cuts a strangely lone figure in front of the vast crowd." Kanye West_sentence_194

In September 2015, West performed 808s & Heartbreak in its entirety two nights in a row to rave reviews at Hollywood Bowl. Kanye West_sentence_195

The performance featured a 60-person orchestra, a live band, guests from the album and 70 plus dancers. Kanye West_sentence_196

In December 2015, West released a song titled "Facts". Kanye West_sentence_197

2016–2017: The Life of Pablo and tour cancellation Kanye West_section_7

Main article: The Life of Pablo Kanye West_sentence_198

West announced in January 2016 that SWISH would be released on February 11, and later that month, released new songs "Real Friends" and a snippet of "No More Parties in LA" with Kendrick Lamar. Kanye West_sentence_199

This also revived the GOOD Fridays initiative in which he releases new singles every Friday. Kanye West_sentence_200

On January 26, 2016, West revealed he had renamed the album from SWISH to Waves, and also announced the premier of his Yeezy Season 3 clothing line at Madison Square Garden. Kanye West_sentence_201

In the weeks leading up to the album's release, West became embroiled in several Twitter controversies and released several changing iterations of the tracklist for the new album. Kanye West_sentence_202

Several days ahead of its release, West again changed the title, this time to The Life of Pablo. Kanye West_sentence_203

On February 11, West premiered the album at Madison Square Garden as part of the presentation of his Yeezy Season 3 clothing line. Kanye West_sentence_204

Following the preview, West announced that he would be modifying the tracklist once more before its release to the public, and further delayed its release to finalize the recording of the track "Waves" at the behest of co-writer Chance the Rapper. Kanye West_sentence_205

He released the album exclusively on Tidal on February 14, 2016, following a performance on SNL. Kanye West_sentence_206

Following its official streaming release, West continued to tinker with mixes of several tracks, describing the work as "a living breathing changing creative expression" and proclaiming the end of the album as a dominant release form. Kanye West_sentence_207

Although a statement by West around The Life of Pablo's initial release indicated that the album would be a permanent exclusive to Tidal, the album was released through several other competing services starting in April. Kanye West_sentence_208

In February 2016, West stated on Twitter that he was planning to release another album in the summer of 2016, tentatively called Turbo Grafx 16 in reference to the 1990s video game console of the same name. Kanye West_sentence_209

In June 2016, West released the collaborative lead single "Champions" off the GOOD Music album Cruel Winter, which has yet to be released. Kanye West_sentence_210

Later that month, West released a controversial video for "Famous", which depicted wax figures of several celebrities (including West, Kardashian, Taylor Swift, businessman and then-presidential candidate Donald Trump, comedian Bill Cosby, and former president George W. Bush) sleeping nude in a shared bed. Kanye West_sentence_211

In August 2016, West embarked on the Saint Pablo Tour in support of The Life of Pablo. Kanye West_sentence_212

The performances featured a mobile stage suspended from the ceiling. Kanye West_sentence_213

West postponed several dates in October following the Paris robbery of several of his wife's effects. Kanye West_sentence_214

On November 21, 2016, West cancelled the remaining 21 dates on the Saint Pablo Tour, following a week of no-shows, curtailed concerts and rants about politics. Kanye West_sentence_215

He was later admitted for psychiatric observation at UCLA Medical Center. Kanye West_sentence_216

He stayed hospitalized over the Thanksgiving weekend because of a temporary psychosis stemming from sleep deprivation and extreme dehydration. Kanye West_sentence_217

Following this episode West took an 11-month break from Twitter, and the public in general. Kanye West_sentence_218

2017–2019: Ye and the Wyoming Sessions Kanye West_section_8

Main articles: Ye (album) and Kids See Ghosts (album) Kanye West_sentence_219

See also: Daytona (album), Nasir (album), and K.T.S.E. Kanye West_sentence_220

It was reported in May 2017 that West was recording new music in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, with a wide range of collaborators. Kanye West_sentence_221

In April 2018, West announced plans to write a philosophy book entitled Break the Simulation, later clarifying that he was sharing the book "in real time" on Twitter and began posting content that was likened to "life coaching". Kanye West_sentence_222

Later that month, he also announced two new albums, a solo album and self-titled collaboration with Kid Cudi under the name Kids See Ghosts, both of which would be released in June. Kanye West_sentence_223

Additionally, he revealed he would produce upcoming albums by GOOD Music label-mates Pusha T and Teyana Taylor, as well as Nas. Kanye West_sentence_224

Shortly thereafter, West released the non-album singles "Lift Yourself", a "strange, gibberish track" featuring nonsensical lyrics, and "Ye vs. the People", in which he and T.I. Kanye West_sentence_225

discussed West's controversial support of Donald Trump. Kanye West_sentence_226

Pusha T's Daytona, "the first project out of Wyoming", was released in May to critical acclaim, although the album's artwork—a photograph of deceased singer Whitney Houston's bathroom that West paid $85,000 to license—attracted some controversy. Kanye West_sentence_227

The following week, West released his eighth studio album, Ye. Kanye West_sentence_228

West has suggested that he scrapped the original recordings of the album and re-recorded it within a month. Kanye West_sentence_229

The week after, West released a collaborative album with Kid Cudi, titled Kids See Ghosts, named after their group of the same name. Kanye West_sentence_230

West also completed production work on Nas' Nasir and Teyana Taylor's K.T.S.E. Kanye West_sentence_231

, which were released in June 2018. Kanye West_sentence_232

On August 30, 2018, West released the non-album single "XTCY" which was originally slated to be included on Ye. Kanye West_sentence_233

On September 7, 2018, West released a collaboration with American rapper Lil Pump titled "I Love It". Kanye West_sentence_234

On September 9, 2018, West announced via Twitter that Watch the Throne 2 would be coming soon. Kanye West_sentence_235

Later that month, West also announced his ninth studio album Yandhi to be released by the end of the month and a collaborative album with fellow Chicagoan rapper Chance the Rapper titled Good Ass Job. Kanye West_sentence_236

West also announced in September that he would be changing his stage name to "Ye". Kanye West_sentence_237

Yandhi was originally set for release on September 29, 2018, but was postponed to November 23, 2018. Kanye West_sentence_238

West later postponed the album again in November 2018 with no new release date set. Kanye West_sentence_239

Later in 2018, West began collaborating with other new acts besides Lil Pump. Kanye West_sentence_240

West appeared as a guest feature on the tracks "Kanga" and "Mama" with Nicki Minaj on American rapper 6ix9ine's debut album Dummy Boy. Kanye West_sentence_241

West is also the sole feature on XXXTentacion's first posthumous album Skins. Kanye West_sentence_242

6ix9ine and XXXTentacion were both slated to be included on Yandhi. Kanye West_sentence_243

In January 2019, West pulled out of headlining the years Coachella festival, after negotiations broke down due to discord regarding stage design. Kanye West_sentence_244

On July 18, 2019, it was reported that songs from West's unreleased album Yandhi were leaked online. Kanye West_sentence_245

By October of the same year, the whole leaked unfinished album was available for a short time on streaming services like Spotify and Tidal but was shortly taken down. Kanye West_sentence_246

On August 29, 2019, Kim Kardashian announced that West's next album would be titled Jesus Is King, effectively scrapping Yandhi. Kanye West_sentence_247

2019–present: Jesus Is King and Donda: With Child Kanye West_section_9

On January 6, 2019, West started his weekly "Sunday Service" orchestration which includes soul variations of both West's and others' songs attended by multiple celebrities including the Kardashians, Charlie Wilson, and Kid Cudi. Kanye West_sentence_248

West previewed a new song, "Water" at his "Sunday Service" orchestration performance at weekend 2 of Coachella. Kanye West_sentence_249

On October 25, 2019, he released Jesus Is King, a Christian hip hop album. Kanye West_sentence_250

On the US charts, the album became the first to ever top the Billboard 200, Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, Top Rap Albums, Top Christian Albums and Top Gospel Albums at the same time. Kanye West_sentence_251

He also collaborated with Vanessa Beecroft on two operas, Nebuchadnezzar and Mary. Kanye West_sentence_252

On December 25, 2019, West and Sunday Service released Jesus Is Born, containing 19 songs including several re-workings of older West songs. Kanye West_sentence_253

On June 30, 2020, West released the single, titled "Wash Us in the Blood", featuring fellow American rapper and singer Travis Scott, along with the music video, which serves as the lead single from his upcoming tenth studio album Donda: With Child, and draws similarities to the sound of his 2013 album Yeezus. Kanye West_sentence_254

However, in September 2020, West stated that he would not be releasing any further music until he is "done with [his] contract with Sony and Universal" in a Twitter rant about record company contracts, payments towards artists and musicians, and the topic of ownership of their masters. Kanye West_sentence_255

On October 16, he released the single "Nah Nah Nah". Kanye West_sentence_256

On October 29, a remix was previewed over Twitter, featuring American rappers DaBaby and 2 Chainz. Kanye West_sentence_257

The remix was released November 13. Kanye West_sentence_258

Musical style Kanye West_section_10

General Kanye West_section_11

West's musical career is defined by frequent stylistic shifts and different musical approaches. Kanye West_sentence_259

In the subsequent years since his debut, West has both musically and lyrically taken an increasingly experimental approach to crafting progressive hip hop music while maintaining accessible pop sensibilities. Kanye West_sentence_260

He has introduced new musical elements and unconventional reference points into his sonic palette with each album. Kanye West_sentence_261

Over time, West has explored a variety of music genres encompassing soul, baroque-pop, stadium rock, electro, house-music, indie rock, synth-pop, progressive rock, industrial, punk and gospel. Kanye West_sentence_262

West's approach to record production is consistently rich, nuanced and thought-provoking. Kanye West_sentence_263

His productions are akin to musical compositions, bearing an ornate style with more depth typical of hip hop artists while making use of an ear for hooks. Kanye West_sentence_264

He incorporates live instruments, manipulated vocal samples and dramatic arrangements to supplement his beats. Kanye West_sentence_265

His later musical works increasingly relied on the application of digital audio workstations and computerized synths, bass, and drums. Kanye West_sentence_266

West also surveys and analyzes lyrical trends in the continuously evolving landscape of hip hop culture, often changing his approach to rhyming couplets for his songwriting and delivery. Kanye West_sentence_267

Lyrically, West's wordplay generally contains a proliferation of puns and inventive, multi-syllabic rhymes. Kanye West_sentence_268

Both his songwriting and vocal delivery rely on lines laden with transformative and slant rhymes, with West, often altering the pronunciation of his words. Kanye West_sentence_269

West admits his rapping ability is not as dexterous as peers Jay-Z, Eminem and Nas, so he compensates with the subject matter. Kanye West_sentence_270

He elaborates, "the songs offer melody and message. Kanye West_sentence_271

That's the main goal. Kanye West_sentence_272

I saw it as a simple math project: If I can rap 70 to 80 percent as good as the beats are, I'll be successful." Kanye West_sentence_273

West drew influence from mainstream rappers such as Mase and his Roc-A-Fella labelmates Jay-Z and Cam'ron in conjunction with underground hip hop artists like Mos Def, Talib Kweli and Dead Prez. Kanye West_sentence_274

Kanye stated that Dead Prez in particular helped him discover a style of making "raps with a message sound cool." Kanye West_sentence_275

With his debut album, West managed to strike a balance between smart and savvy rap lyrical themes. Kanye West_sentence_276

As his songwriting injects pop melodies into raw hip hop beats, West's lyrics find him rapping about substantial issues in addition to amusing topics ranging from Jesus and weight loss in a way that resulted in widespread commercial appeal. Kanye West_sentence_277

They successfully struck a chord with both mainstream hip hop audience as well as its alternative sector. Kanye West_sentence_278

His rhymes have been described as funny, provocative and articulate, capable of seamlessly segueing from shrewd commentary to comical braggadocio to introspective sensitivity. Kanye West_sentence_279

West imparts that he's conscious of the circumstances of his surroundings and strives to speak in an inclusive manner so groups from different racial and gender backgrounds can comprehend his lyrics, saying he desired to sound "just as ill as Jadakiss and just as understandable as Will Smith." Kanye West_sentence_280

Asked about his early musical inspirations in 2008, he named artists such as A Tribe Called Quest, Stevie Wonder, Michael Jackson, George Michael, LL Cool J, Phil Collins and Madonna. Kanye West_sentence_281

Regarding the influence of A Tribe Called Quest producer Q-Tip, West stated, "Midnight Marauders, 'Electric Relaxation', Low End Theory—a lot of the melodies and the type of chords they would sample ... was what I was going for when I did The College Dropout. Kanye West_sentence_282

When I felt like I was at my highest level was when I was closest to a Tribe record. Kanye West_sentence_283

So, a record like "Heard 'Em Say" was an accomplishment for me—to even have something that was close to what they did." Kanye West_sentence_284

Other musicians West has invoked as general inspirations include David Bowie, Miles Davis and Gil-Scott Heron. Kanye West_sentence_285

West was formatively mentored by Chicago producer No I.D. Kanye West_sentence_286

, who introduced him to record production in the early 1990s, allowing a teenage West to sit in on recording sessions. Kanye West_sentence_287

West has cited Wu-Tang Clan producer and leader RZA as a prominent influence on his style. Kanye West_sentence_288

He stated, "Me and my friends talk about this all the time ... We think Wu-Tang had one of the biggest impacts as far as a movement. Kanye West_sentence_289

From slang to style of dress, skits, the samples. Kanye West_sentence_290

Similar to the [production] style I use, RZA has been doing that." Kanye West_sentence_291

On his behalf, RZA has responded favorably to comparisons between him and West. Kanye West_sentence_292

He said, "All good. Kanye West_sentence_293

Kanye West, I got super respect for Kanye. Kanye West_sentence_294

He came up to me about a year or two ago. Kanye West_sentence_295

He gave me mad praising and blessings. Kanye West_sentence_296

He had a lot to say about things I did. Kanye West_sentence_297

... Kanye West_sentence_298

It's like when I met Isaac Hayes." Kanye West_sentence_299

West's early sound was largely influenced by 1990s hip hop music, particularly that of the East Coast. Kanye West_sentence_300

Despite hailing from Chicago, West expressed a preference for New York artists, tailoring both his lyricism and fashion sense after rappers such as Raekwon and Nas. Kanye West_sentence_301

He recalled, "I used to love people like Wu-Tang Clan, Biggie, and Nas—people that sold records. Kanye West_sentence_302

I liked Common okay, you know, since he was from Chicago, but I wanted to dress like Nas." Kanye West_sentence_303

Regarding production, according to No I.D., who mentored him from age 14, West "made Puffy-style poppish beats." Kanye West_sentence_304

Sharing similar sentiments, West's close friend and collaborator singer-songwriter and musician John Legend once described him as "the singsongy rapper/producer with the overtly pop sensibility." Kanye West_sentence_305

West also claims that he used to make beats reminiscent of Timbaland and DJ Premier. Kanye West_sentence_306

Alongside DJ Premier, the soulful nature of his early production bears an influence of Prince Paul, while the slightly off-kilter drum-machine beats he crafted for tracks reflect J Dilla. Kanye West_sentence_307

While speaking on the late producer, West praised Dilla's ability concerning drums. Kanye West_sentence_308

He asserted, "That man was a genius. Kanye West_sentence_309

Whatever he could do to tweak that MPC the way he worked. Kanye West_sentence_310

He worked it in a different type of way." Kanye West_sentence_311

West subsequently developed a hip hop production style driven by melodic and rhythmic hooks derived from samples of classic soul records. Kanye West_sentence_312

He would take cues from the traditional sounds of early 1990s New York City hip hop, with an emphasis on infectious looped samples and dense drums or percussion, and channel the aesthetic through contemporary record production while polishing it to a pop sheen. Kanye West_sentence_313

1990s–2000s Kanye West_section_12

Early in his career, West pioneered a style of hip-hop production dubbed "chipmunk-soul." Kanye West_sentence_314

His method of sampling technique is reminiscent of record production from the 1990s, involving the manipulation of tempo in order to chop and stretch pitched-up samples from vintage soul songs. Kanye West_sentence_315

According to mixing engineer Craig Bauer, the co-owner of Hinge Studios, a downtown Chicago recording and mixing facility where West has been a client, "He knew what he wanted, and he was always striving to make his beats sound like no one else's. Kanye West_sentence_316

He would lift samples and manipulate them—twist them around, turn them up an octave—until he got something fresh out of something that was made twenty or thirty years ago. Kanye West_sentence_317

He never wanted to be like someone else." Kanye West_sentence_318

This is typically done on an Akai MPC or an Ensoniq ASR-10 and combined with his own instrumentation. Kanye West_sentence_319

West further developed his style on his debut studio album, The College Dropout (2004). Kanye West_sentence_320

On the album, West formed the constitutive elements of his style: intricate hip-hop beats, topical subject matter, and clumsy rapping laced with inventive wordplay. Kanye West_sentence_321

After a rough version was leaked, West meticulously refined the production, adding string arrangements, gospel choirs, and improved drum programming. Kanye West_sentence_322

Alongside soul samples, the record was characterized by its relatable lyrics. Kanye West_sentence_323

West drew from his own experiences after leaving college to pursue music and recovering from a near-fatal car accident. Kanye West_sentence_324

The record saw West diverge from the then-dominant gangster persona in hip hop in favor of more diverse, topical lyrical subjects. Kanye West_sentence_325

His songs found him rapping about higher education, materialism, self-consciousness, minimum-wage labor, institutional prejudice, class struggle, family, sexuality, and his own self-doubts and personal struggles in the music industry in a manner particular to his middle-class upbringing. Kanye West_sentence_326

West progressed forward towards more musically adventurous, maximalistic production on his subsequent albums, beginning with his sophomore effort, Late Registration (2005). Kanye West_sentence_327

For his second album, West collaborated with film score composer Jon Brion and drew influence from diverse influences such as English trip hop group Portishead. Kanye West_sentence_328

Blending West's primary soulful hip hop production with Brion's elaborate chamber pop orchestration, the album experimentally incorporated a wide array of different genres and prominent orchestral elements, including string arrangements, piano chords, brass flecks, and horn riffs, amid a myriad of foreign and vintage instruments. Kanye West_sentence_329

Critic Robert Christgau wrote that "there's never been hip-hop so complex and subtle musically." Kanye West_sentence_330

In addition, West's flow improved since his debut album. Kanye West_sentence_331

He became more adept at syncing his phrases up with beats instead of merely coasting over them to deliver punch lines. Kanye West_sentence_332

With his lyrics, West displayed an aptitude for personalizing what would otherwise be political, dwelling on matters close to heart. Kanye West_sentence_333

On his third album, Graduation (2007), West moved towards and atmospheric soundscape influenced by rock music and laced with electronics. Kanye West_sentence_334

West retracted much of the soulful sampling and rich live instrumentation that characterized his previous albums and replaced them with loud, gothic synthesizers. Kanye West_sentence_335

He incorporated layers of distorted synth-chords, house beats, electro-disco rhythms, and a wide array of modulated electronic noises and digital audio-effects into his hip-hop production. Kanye West_sentence_336

West was primarily influenced by arena rock bands such as The Rolling Stones, U2 and Led Zeppelin. Kanye West_sentence_337

Drawing from his experiences on stadium tours, West progressed to a more anthemic style of composing rap songs that would function well when performing in large arenas. Kanye West_sentence_338

He also drew musical inspiration from European Britpop and Euro-disco, American alternative and indie-rock, and his native Chicago house. Kanye West_sentence_339

Lyrically, Graduation is more introspective in comparison to predecessors. Kanye West_sentence_340

West dedicated much of his songwriting towards providing inspirational messages directed at individuals while exploring personal issues surrounding his own fame and media scrutiny. Kanye West_sentence_341

West's fourth studio album, 808s & Heartbreak (2008), marked a radical departure from his previous releases. Kanye West_sentence_342

He largely abandoned rapping over hip-hop beats in favor of emotive, melodic singing within a stark synth-driven electropop soundscape. Kanye West_sentence_343

West stripped away samples and relied almost entirely on droning synthesizers as instruments while singing with the use of Auto-Tune. Kanye West_sentence_344

Throughout the album, he juxtaposes the electronic feel generated by Auto-Tune and distorted Roland TR-808 drum machine with lengthy strings, somber piano and tribal rhythms. Kanye West_sentence_345

Impacted by the death of his mother, Donda West, as well as the broken engagement from his fiancée, designer Alexis Phifer, he wrote more sensitive pop songs about love and relationships. Kanye West_sentence_346

West was inspired to sing thanks to words of encouragement from famed pop artist Michael Jackson. Kanye West_sentence_347

Prior to its release, West also cited inspiration from 1980s synthpop artists such as Phil Collins, Gary Numan, and Boy George and confessed an affinity with the work of post-punk and new wave groups such as Joy Division, The Police and TJ Swan. Kanye West_sentence_348

He would later described 808s & Heartbreak as "the first black new wave album." Kanye West_sentence_349

Discussing the album's subsequent influence on popular music, journalist Matthew Trammell for Rolling Stone described 808s as "Kanye's most vulnerable work, and perhaps his most brilliant." Kanye West_sentence_350

2010s Kanye West_section_13

West recorded his fifth album, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (2010), with a wide range of collaborators. Kanye West_sentence_351

The album engages with themes of excess, celebrity, and decadence, has been noted by writers for its maximalist aesthetic and its incorporation of elements from West's previous four albums. Kanye West_sentence_352

Entertainment Weekly's Simon Vozick-Levinson noted that such elements "all recur at various points", namely "the luxurious soul of 2004's The College Dropout, the symphonic pomp of Late Registration, the gloss of 2007's Graduation, and the emotionally exhausted electro of 2008's 808s & Heartbreak." Kanye West_sentence_353

In a positive review, Andy Gill of The Independent called it "one of pop's gaudiest, most grandiose efforts of recent years, a no-holds-barred musical extravaganza in which any notion of good taste is abandoned at the door". Kanye West_sentence_354

Describing his sixth studio album Yeezus (2013) as "a protest to music," West embraced an abrasive style that incorporated a variety of unconventional influences. Kanye West_sentence_355

Music critic Greg Kot described it as "a hostile, abrasive and intentionally off-putting" album that combines "the worlds of" 1980s acid-house and contemporary Chicago drill music, 1990s industrial music, and the "avant-rap" of Saul Williams, Death Grips and Odd Future. Kanye West_sentence_356

The album also incorporates elements of trap music, as well as dancehall, punk, and electro. Kanye West_sentence_357

Inspired by the minimalist design of Le Corbusier and primarily electronic in nature, Yeezus also continues West's practice of eclectic and unusual samples. Kanye West_sentence_358

Rolling Stone called the album a "brilliant, obsessive-compulsive career auto-correct". Kanye West_sentence_359

West's seventh album The Life of Pablo was noted for its "raw, occasionally even intentionally messy, composition" in distinction to West's previous album. Kanye West_sentence_360

Rolling Stone wrote that "It's designed to sound like a work in progress." Kanye West_sentence_361

Carl Wilson of Slate characterized the album as creating "strange links between Kanye's many iterations—soul-sample enthusiast, heartbroken Auto-Tune crooner, hedonistic avant-pop composer, industrial-rap shit-talker." Kanye West_sentence_362

West initially characterized the release as "a gospel album." Kanye West_sentence_363

Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune wrote in his review of The Life of Pablo, "West's version of gospel touches on some of those sonic cues—heavy organ, soaring choirs—but seems more preoccupied with gospel text and the notion of redemption." Kanye West_sentence_364

Other ventures Kanye West_section_14

Fashion Kanye West_section_15

Early in his career, West made clear his interest in fashion and desire to work in the clothing design industry. Kanye West_sentence_365

In September 2005, West announced that he would release his Pastelle Clothing line in spring 2006, claiming "Now that I have a Grammy under my belt and Late Registration is finished, I am ready to launch my clothing line next spring." Kanye West_sentence_366

The line was developed over the following four years—with multiple pieces teased by West himself—before the line was ultimately cancelled in 2009. Kanye West_sentence_367

In 2009, West collaborated with Nike to release his own shoe, the Air Yeezys, with a second version released in 2012. Kanye West_sentence_368

He became the first non-athlete to be given a shoe deal with Nike. Kanye West_sentence_369

In January 2009, he introduced his first shoe line designed for Louis Vuitton during Paris Fashion Week. Kanye West_sentence_370

The line was released in summer 2009. Kanye West_sentence_371

West has additionally designed shoewear for Bape and Italian shoemaker Giuseppe Zanotti. Kanye West_sentence_372

In fall 2009, West moved to Rome and did an internship at Italian fashion brand Fendi where he gave ideas for the men's collection. Kanye West_sentence_373

In March 2011, West collaborated with M/M Paris for a series of silk scarves featuring artwork from My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy. Kanye West_sentence_374

On October 1, 2011, Kanye West premiered his women's fashion label, DW Kanye West at Paris Fashion Week. Kanye West_sentence_375

He received support from DSquared2 duo Dean and Dan Caten, Olivier Theyskens, Jeremy Scott, Azzedine Alaïa, and the Olsen twins, who were also in attendance during his show. Kanye West_sentence_376

His debut fashion show received mixed-to-negative reviews, ranging from reserved observations by Style.com to excoriating commentary in The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, the International Herald Tribune, Elleuk.com, The Daily Telegraph, Harper's Bazaar and many others. Kanye West_sentence_377

On March 6, 2012, West premiered a second fashion line at Paris Fashion Week. Kanye West_sentence_378

The line's reception was markedly improved from the previous presentation, with a number of critics heralding West for his "much improved" sophomore effort. Kanye West_sentence_379

On December 3, 2013, Adidas officially confirmed a new shoe collaboration deal with West. Kanye West_sentence_380

After months of anticipation and rumors, West confirmed the release of the Adidas Yeezy Boosts. Kanye West_sentence_381

In 2015, West unveiled his Yeezy Season clothing line, premiering Season 1 in collaboration with Adidas early in the year. Kanye West_sentence_382

The line received positive critical reviews, with Vogue observing "a protective toughness, a body-conscious severity that made the clothes more than a simple accessory." Kanye West_sentence_383

The release of the Yeezy Boosts and the full Adidas collaboration was showcased in New York City on February 12, 2015, with free streaming to 50 cinemas in 13 countries around the world. Kanye West_sentence_384

An initial release of the Adidas Yeezy Boosts was limited to 9000 pairs to be available only in New York City via the Adidas smartphone app; the Adidas Yeezy Boosts were sold out within 10 minutes. Kanye West_sentence_385

The shoes released worldwide on February 28, 2015, were limited to select boutique stores and the Adidas UK stores. Kanye West_sentence_386

He followed with Season 2 later that year at New York Fashion Week. Kanye West_sentence_387

On February 11, West premiered his Yeezy Season 3 clothing line at Madison Square Garden in conjunction with the previewing of his album The Life of Pablo. Kanye West_sentence_388

In June 2016, Adidas announced a new long-term contract with Kanye West which sees the Yeezy line extend to a number of stores and enter sports performance products. Kanye West_sentence_389

The Yeezys will be seen in basketball, football, soccer, and more. Kanye West_sentence_390

In February 2017, West unveiled the Yeezy Season 5 collection to favorable responses from critics. Kanye West_sentence_391

In May 2017, West, alongside wife Kim Kardashian, launched a clothing line for children titled "Kids Supply". Kanye West_sentence_392

A second collection was released in July 2017. Kanye West_sentence_393

In February, West tweeted "Yeezy is no longer a fashion company we should be referred to as apparel or clothing or simply YEEZY." Kanye West_sentence_394

West's Yeezy shoe line is considered one of the most influential sneaker brands in the world. Kanye West_sentence_395

Business ventures Kanye West_section_16

West founded the record label and production company GOOD Music in 2004, in conjunction with Sony BMG, shortly after releasing his debut album, The College Dropout. Kanye West_sentence_396

West, alongside then-unknown Ohio singer John Legend and fellow Chicago rapper Common were the label's inaugural artists. Kanye West_sentence_397

The label houses artists including West, Big Sean, Pusha T, Teyana Taylor, Yasiin Bey / Mos Def, D'banj and John Legend, and producers including Hudson Mohawke, Q-Tip, Travis Scott, No I.D. Kanye West_sentence_398

, Jeff Bhasker, and S1. Kanye West_sentence_399

GOOD Music has released ten albums certified gold or higher by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Kanye West_sentence_400

In November 2015, West appointed Pusha T the new president of GOOD Music. Kanye West_sentence_401

In August 2008, West revealed plans to open 10 Fatburger restaurants in the Chicago area; the first was set to open in September 2008 in Orland Park. Kanye West_sentence_402

The second followed in January 2009, while a third location is yet to be revealed, although the process is being finalized. Kanye West_sentence_403

His company, KW Foods LLC, bought the rights to the chain in Chicago. Kanye West_sentence_404

Ultimately, in 2009, only two locations actually opened. Kanye West_sentence_405

In February 2011, West shut down the Fatburger located in Orland Park. Kanye West_sentence_406

Later that year, the remaining Beverly location also was shuttered. Kanye West_sentence_407

On January 5, 2012, West announced his establishment of the creative content company DONDA, named after his late mother Donda West. Kanye West_sentence_408

In his announcement, West proclaimed that the company would "pick up where Steve Jobs left off"; DONDA would operate as "a design company which will galvanize amazing thinkers in a creative space to bounce their dreams and ideas" with the "goal to make products and experiences that people want and can afford." Kanye West_sentence_409

West is notoriously secretive about the company's operations, maintaining neither an official website nor a social media presence. Kanye West_sentence_410

In stating DONDA's creative philosophy, West articulated the need to "put creatives in a room together with like minds" in order to "simplify and aesthetically improve everything we see, taste, touch, and feel.". Kanye West_sentence_411

Contemporary critics have noted the consistent minimalistic aesthetic exhibited throughout DONDA creative projects. Kanye West_sentence_412

On March 30, 2015, it was announced that West is a co-owner, with various other music artists, in the music streaming service Tidal. Kanye West_sentence_413

The service specialises in lossless audio and high definition music videos. Kanye West_sentence_414

Jay-Z acquired the parent company of Tidal, Aspiro, in the first quarter of 2015. Kanye West_sentence_415

Sixteen artist stakeholders in Jay-Z, Rihanna, Beyoncé, Madonna, Chris Martin, Nicki Minaj co-own Tidal, with the majority owning a 3% equity stake. Kanye West_sentence_416

The idea of having an all artist owned streaming service was created by those involved to adapt to the increased demand for streaming within the current music industry, and to rival other streaming services such as Spotify, which have been criticised for their low payout of royalties. Kanye West_sentence_417

"The challenge is to get everyone to respect music again, to recognize its value", stated Jay-Z on the release of Tidal. Kanye West_sentence_418

On June 6, 2016, West announced the Yeezy Season 2 Zine. Kanye West_sentence_419

The Adidas Yeezy Boost 750 sneakers were released to retailers the following week, on June 11. Kanye West_sentence_420

They are high-top shoes with a glow in the dark sole. Kanye West_sentence_421

In an interview with Vogue, he stated that there will be Yeezy stores, with the first located in California. Kanye West_sentence_422

In an interview with Fader in September 2018, West announced that he was considering plans of opening an automobile factory in Chicago with the focus of developing a flying car with the help of Tesla alums. Kanye West_sentence_423

In July 2020, Yeezy LLC was listed in a United States Department of the Treasury log of businesses that received small business loans through the CARES Act. Kanye West_sentence_424

Philanthropy Kanye West_section_17

West, alongside his mother, founded the "Kanye West Foundation" in Chicago in 2003, tasked with a mission to battle dropout and illiteracy rates, while partnering with community organizations to provide underprivileged youth access to music education. Kanye West_sentence_425

In 2007, the West and the Foundation partnered with Strong American Schools as part of their "Ed in '08" campaign. Kanye West_sentence_426

As spokesman for the campaign, West appeared in a series of PSAs for the organization, and hosted an inaugural benefit concert in August of that year. Kanye West_sentence_427

In 2008, following the death of West's mother, the foundation was rechristened "The Dr. Donda West Foundation." Kanye West_sentence_428

The foundation ceased operations in 2011. Kanye West_sentence_429

Kanye West and friend, Rhymefest, also founded "Donda's House, Inc". Kanye West_sentence_430

Got Bars is the Donda's House signature music/lyric composition and performance program. Kanye West_sentence_431

Participants are selected through an application and audition process. Kanye West_sentence_432

Got Bars is a free music writing program with the goal of helping at-risk Chicago youth. Kanye West_sentence_433

It is aimed at students between 15 and 24, and includes lessons on how to write and record music. Kanye West_sentence_434

Their curriculum is based on the teaching philosophy and pedagogy of Dr. Donda West with a focus on collaborative and experiential learning. Kanye West_sentence_435

West has additionally appeared and participated in many fundraisers, benefit concerts, and has done community work for Hurricane Katrina relief, the Kanye West Foundation, the Millions More Movement, 100 Black Men of America, a Live Earth concert benefit, World Water Day rally and march, Nike runs, a Hurricane Sandy benefit concert, and an MTV special helping young Iraq War veterans who struggle through debt and PTSD a second chance after returning home. Kanye West_sentence_436

In January 2019, West donated $10 million towards the completion of the Roden Crater by American artist James Turrell. Kanye West_sentence_437

In June 2020, in wake of the killing of George Floyd and following protests, he donated $2 million between the family of Floyd and other victims of police brutality Ahmaud Arbery and Breonna Taylor. Kanye West_sentence_438

The donation funded legal fees for Arbery and Taylor's families, as well as establishing a 529 plan to fully cover college tuition for Floyd's daughter. Kanye West_sentence_439

Acting and filmmaking Kanye West_section_18

West made cameo appearances as himself in the films State Property 2 (2005) and The Love Guru (2008), and in an episode of the television show Entourage in 2007. Kanye West_sentence_440

West provided the voice for "Kenny West", a rapper, in the animated sitcom The Cleveland Show. Kanye West_sentence_441

In 2009, he starred in the Spike Jonze-directed short film We Were Once a Fairytale (2009), playing himself acting belligerently while drunk in a nightclub. Kanye West_sentence_442

West wrote, directed, and starred in the musical short film Runaway (2010), which heavily features music from My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy. Kanye West_sentence_443

The film depicts a relationship between a man, played by West, and a half-woman, half-phoenix creature. Kanye West_sentence_444

In 2012, West wrote and directed another short film, titled Cruel Summer, which premiered at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival in a custom pyramid-shaped screening pavilion featuring seven screens constructed for the film. Kanye West_sentence_445

The film was inspired by the compilation album of the same name. Kanye West_sentence_446

West made a cameo appearance in the comedy Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues (2013) as a MTV News representative in the film's fight scene. Kanye West_sentence_447

In September 2018, West announced starting of film production company named Half Beast, LLC. Kanye West_sentence_448

Architecture Kanye West_section_19

West expressed interest in starting an architecture firm in May 2013, saying "I want to do product, I am a product person, not just clothing but water bottle design, architecture ... Kanye West_sentence_449

I make music but I shouldn't be limited to one place of creativity" and then later in November 2013, delivering a manifesto on his architectural goals during a visit to Harvard Graduate School of Design. Kanye West_sentence_450

In May 2018, West announced he was starting an architecture firm which will act as an arm of his already successful Yeezy fashion label. Kanye West_sentence_451

West announced the decision on his Twitter account, tweeting "we're starting a Yeezy architecture arm called Yeezy home. Kanye West_sentence_452

We're looking for architects and industrial designers who want to make the world better." Kanye West_sentence_453

In June 2018, the first Yeezy Home collaboration was announced by designer Jalil Peraza, teasing an affordable concrete prefabricated home as part of a social housing project. Kanye West_sentence_454

Politics Kanye West_section_20

In September 2012, West donated $1,000 to Barack Obama's re-election campaign, and in August 2015 he donated $2,700 to Hillary Clinton's 2016 campaign. Kanye West_sentence_455

He also donated $15,000 to the Democratic National Committee in October 2014. Kanye West_sentence_456

In September 2015, West announced that he intended to run for President of the United States in 2020. Kanye West_sentence_457

He later implied on Twitter that he intends to run for president in 2024 due to Donald Trump's win in the 2016 elections. Kanye West_sentence_458

West later confirmed this in an interview in September 2018, saying that his main political concern is health care in the United States. Kanye West_sentence_459

On December 13, 2016, West met with President-elect Trump. Kanye West_sentence_460

According to West, "I wanted to meet with Trump today to discuss multicultural issues. Kanye West_sentence_461

These issues included bullying, supporting teachers, modernizing curriculums, and violence in Chicago. Kanye West_sentence_462

I feel it is important to have a direct line of communication with our future President if we truly want change." Kanye West_sentence_463

West previously stated he would have voted for Trump had he voted. Kanye West_sentence_464

In February 2017, however, West deleted all his tweets about Trump in purported dislike of the new president's policies, particularly the travel ban. Kanye West_sentence_465

West reiterated his support for Donald Trump in April 2018 in a text to Ebro Darden where he said "I love Donald Trump ... Kanye West_sentence_466

I love Donald Trump." Kanye West_sentence_467

West also posted a picture wearing a Make America Great Again hat alongside a series of tweets defending President Trump. Kanye West_sentence_468

Trump later retweeted several of West's tweets. Kanye West_sentence_469

Following his return to Twitter in April 2018, West tweeted "I love the way Candace Owens thinks." Kanye West_sentence_470

Owens, who promotes black conservatism, praised President Trump as the savior of the Free World and criticized the Black Lives Matter movement. Kanye West_sentence_471

The tweet was met with controversy among some of West's fans. Kanye West_sentence_472

In May 2018, West said in an interview with radio host Charlamagne tha God that he had been asked by a friend "What makes George Bush any more racist than Trump?" Kanye West_sentence_473

This was possibly alluding to his previous controversial condemnation of Bush as not caring about black people. Kanye West_sentence_474

West said "racism isn't the deal-breaker for me. Kanye West_sentence_475

If that was the case, I wouldn't live in America." Kanye West_sentence_476

During an interview with Fader in September 2018, West said he was visiting Chicago mayor Rahm Emanuel to possibly start a school building project. Kanye West_sentence_477

On October 11, 2018, West visited the Oval Office for a meeting with President Trump to discuss a range of issues. Kanye West_sentence_478

He and several other musicians watched Trump sign the Music Modernization Act. Kanye West_sentence_479

His support for Trump led to the creation of a "Donye" parody by famous artist Lushsux who painted Kanye with Trump's hair. Kanye West_sentence_480

Later in October 2018, West and his wife visited the president of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni, a noted Trump supporter, and said they held "fruitful discussions" about promoting tourism and the arts. Kanye West_sentence_481

The same month, West donated $73,540 to progressive Chicago mayoral candidate Amara Enyia. Kanye West_sentence_482

The donation was the exact amount Enyia needed to pay a fine she received for not filing a campaign finance reports during her abbreviated 2015 mayoral run. Kanye West_sentence_483

On October 26, President Trump praised West during his speech at the Young Black Leadership Summit, adding "I think Kanye may be the most powerful man in all of politics", referring to a story on West's effect on African-Americans. Kanye West_sentence_484

Also in the same month, West was reported to have given his support to the Blexit movement, a campaign by Owens to encourage black Americans to abandon the Democratic Party and register as Republicans. Kanye West_sentence_485

Media reports suggested West had advised on the design of the campaign's logo, and branded merchandise, including T-shirts. Kanye West_sentence_486

However, West denied being the designer and disavowed the effort, tweeting "My eyes are now wide open and now realize I've been used to spread messages I don't believe in. Kanye West_sentence_487

I am distancing myself from politics and completely focusing on being creative !!!" Kanye West_sentence_488

In January 2019, West re-affirmed his support for President Trump. Kanye West_sentence_489

In the same year, he expressed his opposition to abortion, and condemned those who wish to remove religion from the public square. Kanye West_sentence_490

In an interview with GQ in January 2020, West implied he would be voting for President Trump. Kanye West_sentence_491

Months later, in September, he expressed his support for Armenia during the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, but his fans urged West to actually donate money to the country. Kanye West_sentence_492

2020 presidential campaign Kanye West_section_21

Main article: Kanye West 2020 presidential campaign Kanye West_sentence_493

On July 4, 2020, West announced on Twitter that he would be running in the 2020 presidential election. Kanye West_sentence_494

On July 7, West was interviewed by Forbes about his presidential run, where he announced that his running mate will be Wyoming preacher Michelle Tidball, and that he would run as an independent under the "Birthday Party", explaining his decision of why he chose the name, saying, "Because when we win, it's everybody's 'birthday'." Kanye West_sentence_495

West also said he no longer supported Trump because he "hid in [a] bunker" during the COVID-19 pandemic. Kanye West_sentence_496

Continuing, he said, "You know? Kanye West_sentence_497

Obama's special. Kanye West_sentence_498

Trump's special. Kanye West_sentence_499

We say Kanye West is special. Kanye West_sentence_500

America needs special people that lead. Kanye West_sentence_501

Bill Clinton? Kanye West_sentence_502

Special. Kanye West_sentence_503

Joe Biden's not special." Kanye West_sentence_504

Various political pundits have speculated that West's presidential run is a publicity stunt to promote his upcoming music. Kanye West_sentence_505

On July 15, 2020, official paperwork was filed with the Federal Election Commission for West, under the "BDY" Party affiliation amid claims that he was preparing to drop out. Kanye West_sentence_506

West held his first rally that weekend, on July 19. Kanye West_sentence_507

Kanye West aligned himself with the philosophy of a consistent life ethic, a tenet of Christian democracy. Kanye West_sentence_508

West's platform has advocated for the creation of a culture of life, endorsing environmental stewardship, supporting the arts, buttressing faith-based organizations, restoring school prayer, and providing for a strong national defense, and "America First" diplomacy. Kanye West_sentence_509

In July 2020, West told Forbes that he is ignorant on issues such as taxes and foreign policy. Kanye West_sentence_510

On November 4, 2020, at 5:12 am UTC, West conceded in a tweet that read "WELP KANYE 2024 🕊". Kanye West_sentence_511

Controversies Kanye West_section_22

General media Kanye West_section_23

West has been an outspoken and controversial celebrity throughout his career, receiving both criticism and praise from many, including the mainstream media, other artists and entertainers, and two U.S. presidents. Kanye West_sentence_512

On September 2, 2005, during a benefit concert for Hurricane Katrina relief on NBC (A Concert for Hurricane Relief), he deviated from the prepared script to criticize the media's portrayal of, and the federal response to, black victims of the hurricane. Kanye West_sentence_513

He criticized President George W. Bush for not "car[ing] about black people". Kanye West_sentence_514

Bush stated in an interview that the comment was "one of the most disgusting moments" of his presidency. Kanye West_sentence_515

In November 2010, in a taped interview with Matt Lauer for The Today Show, West expressed regret for his criticism of Bush. Kanye West_sentence_516

Reactions were mixed, but some felt that West had no need to apologize. Kanye West_sentence_517

"It was not the particulars of your words that mattered, it was the essence of a feeling of the insensitivity towards our communities that many of us have felt for far too long," argued Def Jam co-founder Russell Simmons. Kanye West_sentence_518

In 2008, West said he will go down in history as "the voice of this generation", a comment that was widely ridiculed, such as in the South Park episode "Fishsticks". Kanye West_sentence_519

In September 2013, West was widely rebuked by human rights groups for performing in Kazakhstan, which has one of the poorest human rights records in the world, at the wedding of authoritarian President Nursultan Nazarbayev's grandson. Kanye West_sentence_520

Other Western performers, including Sting, have previously cancelled performances in the country over human rights concerns. Kanye West_sentence_521

West was reportedly paid US$3 million for his performance. Kanye West_sentence_522

West had previously participated in cultural boycotts, joining Shakira and Rage Against the Machine in refusing to perform in Arizona after the 2010 implementation of stop and search laws directed against potential illegal aliens. Kanye West_sentence_523

During November 26, 2013, radio interview, West explained why he believed that Barack Obama had problems pushing policies in Washington: "Man, let me tell you something about George Bush and oil money and Obama and no money. Kanye West_sentence_524

People want to say Obama can't make these moves or he's not executing. Kanye West_sentence_525

That's because he ain't got those connections. Kanye West_sentence_526

Black people don't have the same level of connections as Jewish people ... We ain't Jewish. Kanye West_sentence_527

We don't get family that got money like that." Kanye West_sentence_528

In response to his comments, the Anti-Defamation League stated: "There it goes again, the age-old canard that Jews are all-powerful and control the levers of power in government." Kanye West_sentence_529

On December 21, 2013, West backed off of the original comment and told a Chicago radio station that "I thought I was giving a compliment, but if anything it came off more ignorant. Kanye West_sentence_530

I don't know how being told you have money is an insult." Kanye West_sentence_531

In February 2016, West again became embroiled in controversy when he posted a tweet seemingly asserting Bill Cosby's innocence in the wake of over 50 women making allegations of sexual assault directed at Cosby. Kanye West_sentence_532

In May 2018, West caused controversy when he said, "When you hear about slavery for 400 years ... for 400 years? Kanye West_sentence_533

That sounds like a choice. Kanye West_sentence_534

You were there for 400 years and it's all of y'all. Kanye West_sentence_535

It's like we're mentally imprisoned." Kanye West_sentence_536

during an appearance on TMZ. Kanye West_sentence_537

West responded to the controversy on Twitter stating, "Of course I know that slaves did not get shackled and put on a boat by free will. Kanye West_sentence_538

My point is for us to have stayed in that position even though the numbers were on our side means that we were mentally enslaved" and "The reason why I brought up the 400 years point is that we can't be mentally imprisoned for another 400 years. Kanye West_sentence_539

We need free thought now. Kanye West_sentence_540

Even the statement was an example of free thought. Kanye West_sentence_541

It was just an idea. Kanye West_sentence_542

Once again I am being attacked for presenting new ideas". Kanye West_sentence_543

Later on August 29, 2018, West offered up an emotional apology for his slavery comment during a radio interview with 107.5 WGCI Chicago. Kanye West_sentence_544

Over the course of his career, West has been known to compare himself to various influential figures and entities in art and culture, including Kurt Cobain, Leonardo da Vinci, Walt Disney, Thomas Edison, Google, Jimi Hendrix, Thierry Hermès, Howard Hughes, Michael Jackson, Steve Jobs, Ralph Lauren, Michelangelo, Jim Morrison, Nike, Pablo Picasso, Axl Rose, William Shakespeare, Socrates, David Stern, Donald Trump, William Wallace, Andy Warhol, Anna Wintour, and Willy Wonka. Kanye West_sentence_545

Award shows Kanye West_section_24

In 2004, West had his first of a number of public incidents during his attendance at music award events. Kanye West_sentence_546

At the American Music Awards of 2004, West stormed out of the auditorium after losing Best New Artist to country singer Gretchen Wilson. Kanye West_sentence_547

He later commented, "I felt like I was definitely robbed [...] I was the best new artist this year." Kanye West_sentence_548

After the 2006 Grammy nominations were released, West said he would "really have a problem" if he did not win the Album of the Year, saying, "I don't care what I do, I don't care how much I stunt—you can never take away from the amount of work I put into it. Kanye West_sentence_549

I don't want to hear all of that politically correct stuff." Kanye West_sentence_550

On November 2, 2006, when his "Touch the Sky" failed to win Best Video at the MTV Europe Music Awards, West went onto the stage as the award was being presented to Justice and Simian for "We Are Your Friends" and argued that he should have won the award instead. Kanye West_sentence_551

Hundreds of news outlets worldwide criticized the outburst. Kanye West_sentence_552

On November 7, 2006, West apologized for this outburst publicly during his performance as support act for U2 for their Vertigo concert in Brisbane. Kanye West_sentence_553

He later spoofed the incident on the 33rd-season premiere of Saturday Night Live in September 2007. Kanye West_sentence_554

On September 9, 2007, West suggested that his race had something to do with his being overlooked for opening the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards (VMAs) in favor of Britney Spears; he claimed, "Maybe my skin's not right." Kanye West_sentence_555

West was performing at the event; that night, he lost all five awards that he was nominated for, including Best Male Artist and Video of the Year. Kanye West_sentence_556

After the show, he was visibly upset that he had lost at the VMAs two years in a row, stating that he would not come back to MTV ever again. Kanye West_sentence_557

He also appeared on several radio stations saying that when he made the song "Stronger" that it was his dream to open the VMAs with it. Kanye West_sentence_558

He has also stated that Spears has not had a hit in a long period of time and that MTV exploited her for ratings. Kanye West_sentence_559

On September 13, 2009, during the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards while Taylor Swift was accepting her award for Best Female Video for "You Belong with Me", West went on stage and grabbed the microphone to proclaim that Beyoncé's video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", nominated for the same award, was "one of the best videos of all time". Kanye West_sentence_560

He was subsequently removed from the remainder of the show for his actions. Kanye West_sentence_561

When Beyoncé later won the award for Best Video of the Year for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", she called Swift up on stage so that she could finish her acceptance speech. Kanye West_sentence_562

West was criticized by various celebrities for the outburst, and by President Barack Obama, who called West a "jackass". Kanye West_sentence_563

In addition, West's VMA disruption sparked a large influx of Internet photo memes with blogs, forums and "tweets" with the "Let you finish" photo-jokes. Kanye West_sentence_564

He posted a Tweet soon after the event where he stated, "Everybody wanna booooo me but I'm a fan of real pop culture ... Kanye West_sentence_565

I'm not crazy y'all, I'm just real." Kanye West_sentence_566

He then posted two apologies for the outburst on his personal blog; one on the night of the incident, and the other the following day, when he also apologized during an appearance on The Jay Leno Show. Kanye West_sentence_567

After Swift appeared on The View two days after the outburst, partly to discuss the matter, West called her to apologize personally. Kanye West_sentence_568

Swift said she accepted his apology. Kanye West_sentence_569

In September 2010, West wrote a series of apologetic tweets addressed to Swift including "Beyonce didn't need that. Kanye West_sentence_570

MTV didn't need that and Taylor and her family friends and fans definitely didn't want or need that" and concluding with "I'm sorry Taylor." Kanye West_sentence_571

He also revealed he had written a song for Swift and if she did not accept the song, he would perform it himself. Kanye West_sentence_572

However, on November 8, 2010, in an interview with a Minnesota radio station, he seemed to recant his past apologies by attempting to describe the act at the 2009 awards show as "selfless" and downgrade the perception of disrespect it created. Kanye West_sentence_573

On February 8, 2015, at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards, West walked on stage as Beck was accepting his award for Album of the Year and then walked off stage, leaving the audience to think he was joking. Kanye West_sentence_574

After the awards show, West stated in an interview that he was not joking and that "Beck needs to respect artistry, he should have given his award to Beyoncé". Kanye West_sentence_575

On February 26, 2015, he publicly apologized to Beck on Twitter. Kanye West_sentence_576

On August 30, 2015, West was presented with the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award at the MTV Video Music Awards. Kanye West_sentence_577

In his acceptance speech, he stated, "Y'all might be thinking right now, 'I wonder did he smoke something before he came out here?' Kanye West_sentence_578

And the answer is: 'Yes, I rolled up a little something. Kanye West_sentence_579

I knocked the edge off.'" Kanye West_sentence_580

At the end of his speech, he announced, "I have decided in 2020 to run for president." Kanye West_sentence_581

At the 2016 MTV Video Music Awards, West was given four minutes to do "whatever he wanted". Kanye West_sentence_582

He chose to debut his new music video for "Fade", but first, delivered a speech in which he discussed recent shootings in Chicago, why he included Ray J and Donald Trump in his "Famous" video, the Taylor Swift situation, his love of Beyoncé and Steve Jobs amongst others. Kanye West_sentence_583

Petitions Kanye West_section_25

Music fans have turned to Change.org around the globe to try to block West's participation at various events. Kanye West_sentence_584

The largest unsuccessful petition has been to the Glastonbury Festival 2015 with 133,000+ voters stating they would prefer a rock band to headline. Kanye West_sentence_585

On July 20, 2015, within five days of West's announcement as the headlining artist of the closing ceremonies of the 2015 Pan American Games, Change.org user XYZ collected over 50,000 signatures for West's removal as headliner, on the grounds that the headlining artist should be Canadian. Kanye West_sentence_586

In his Pan American Games Closing Ceremony performance, close to the end of his performance, West closed the show by tossing his faulty microphone in the air and walked off stage. Kanye West_sentence_587

Personal life Kanye West_section_26

Relationships and family Kanye West_section_27

West began an on-and-off relationship with designer Alexis Phifer in 2002, and they became engaged in August 2006. Kanye West_sentence_588

The pair ended their 18-month engagement in 2008. Kanye West_sentence_589

West subsequently dated model Amber Rose from 2008 until the summer of 2010. Kanye West_sentence_590

In April 2012, West began dating reality star and longtime friend Kim Kardashian. Kanye West_sentence_591

West and Kardashian became engaged in October 2013, and married on May 24, 2014, at Fort di Belvedere in Florence, Italy. Kanye West_sentence_592

Their private ceremony was subject to widespread mainstream coverage, with West taking issue with the couple's portrayal in the media. Kanye West_sentence_593

They have four children: North "Nori" West (born June 2013), Saint West (born December 2015), Chicago West (born January 2018 of a surrogate pregnancy), and Psalm West (born May 2019 of a surrogate pregnancy). Kanye West_sentence_594

In April 2015, West and Kardashian traveled to Jerusalem to have North baptized in the Armenian Apostolic Church at the Cathedral of St. James. Kanye West_sentence_595

Kim, Saint, Chicago, and Psalm were all baptized four years later on October 7, 2019, at Holy Etchmiadzin, the mother church of the Armenian Church. Kanye West_sentence_596

The couple's high-profile status and respective careers have resulted in their relationship becoming subject to heavy media coverage; The New York Times referred to their marriage as "a historic blizzard of celebrity." Kanye West_sentence_597

In September 2018, West announced that he would be permanently moving to Chicago and would establish his Yeezy company headquarters in the city. Kanye West_sentence_598

This did not actually occur, instead, West went on to move to Wyoming (where he recorded his eighth solo studio album, Ye), purchasing two ranches near Cody, Wyoming. Kanye West_sentence_599

West owns these two ranches, and still actively owns a home in California, where his wife and kids reside. Kanye West_sentence_600

Mother's death Kanye West_section_28

On November 10, 2007, West's mother Donda West died at age 58. Kanye West_sentence_601

In January 2008 the Los Angeles County coroner's office said that the rapper's mother had died of coronary artery disease and multiple post-operative factors from, or as a consequence of, liposuction and mammoplasty. Kanye West_sentence_602

West played his first concert following the funeral at The O2 in London on November 22. Kanye West_sentence_603

He dedicated a performance of "Hey Mama", as well as a cover of Journey's "Don't Stop Believin'", to his mother, and did so on all other dates of his Glow in the Dark tour. Kanye West_sentence_604

California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger subsequently signed the "Donda West Law", legislation which makes it mandatory for patients to receive medical clearance through a physical examination before undergoing elective cosmetic surgery. Kanye West_sentence_605

Legal issues Kanye West_section_29

In December 2006, Robert "Evel" Knievel sued West for trademark infringement in West's video for "Touch the Sky". Kanye West_sentence_606

Knievel took issue with a "sexually charged video" in which West takes on the persona of "Evel Kanyevel" and attempts flying a rocket over a canyon. Kanye West_sentence_607

The suit claimed infringement on Knievel's trademarked name and likeness. Kanye West_sentence_608

Knievel also claimed that the "vulgar and offensive" images depicted in the video damaged his reputation. Kanye West_sentence_609

The suit sought monetary damages and an injunction to stop distribution of the video. Kanye West_sentence_610

West's attorneys argued that the music video amounted to satire and therefore was covered under the First Amendment. Kanye West_sentence_611

Just days before his death in November 2007, Knievel amicably settled the suit after being paid a visit from West, saying, "I thought he was a wonderful guy and quite a gentleman." Kanye West_sentence_612

In 2014, after an altercation with a paparazzo at Los Angeles Airport, West was sentenced to serve two years' probation for a misdemeanor battery conviction, and was required to attend 24 anger management sessions, perform 250 hours of community service, and pay restitution to the photographer. Kanye West_sentence_613

Religious beliefs Kanye West_section_30

After the success of his song "Jesus Walks" from the album The College Dropout, West was questioned on his beliefs and said, "I will say that I'm spiritual. Kanye West_sentence_614

I have accepted Jesus as my Savior. Kanye West_sentence_615

And I will say that I fall short every day." Kanye West_sentence_616

In a 2008 interview with The Fader, West stated that "I'm like a vessel, and God has chosen me to be the voice and the connector." Kanye West_sentence_617

In a 2009 interview with online magazine Bossip, West stated that he believed in God, but at the time felt that he "would never go into a religion." Kanye West_sentence_618

In 2014, West referred to himself as a Christian during one of his concerts. Kanye West_sentence_619

In January 2019, West re-affirmed his Christian faith on Twitter. Kanye West_sentence_620

His wife Kim Kardashian described West's Christian new birth experience in September 2019: "Kanye started this to really heal himself and it was a really personal thing, and it was just friends and family ... Kanye West_sentence_621

He has had an amazing evolution of being born again and being saved by Christ." Kanye West_sentence_622

In October 2019, West said with respect to his past, "When I was trying to serve multiple gods it drove me crazy" in reference to the "god of ego, god of money, god of pride, the god of fame", and that "I didn't even know what it meant to be saved" and that now "I love Jesus Christ. Kanye West_sentence_623

I love Christianity." Kanye West_sentence_624

During a surprise appearance at Jimmy Kimmel Live! Kanye West_sentence_625

to discuss his album Jesus Is King, West was asked by Kimmel if he would consider himself to be a Christian music artist now that he had committed himself fully to Christianity, and he replied, "I'm just a Christian everything". Kanye West_sentence_626

Mental health Kanye West_section_31

In his song "FML" and his featured verse on Vic Mensa's song "U Mad", he refers to using the antidepressant medication Lexapro, and in his song "I Feel Like That", which has not been officially released, he mentions feeling many common symptoms of depression and anxiety. Kanye West_sentence_627

These songs had all been recorded during West's recording sessions for The Life of Pablo. Kanye West_sentence_628

On November 20, 2016, soon before abruptly ending a concert prematurely, he said, "Jay-Z—call me, bruh. Kanye West_sentence_629

You still ain't called me ... Jay-Z, I know you got killers. Kanye West_sentence_630

Please don't send them at my head. Kanye West_sentence_631

Just call me. Kanye West_sentence_632

Talk to me like a man." Kanye West_sentence_633

The following day, he was committed to the UCLA Medical Center with hallucinations and paranoia. Kanye West_sentence_634

Contrary to early reports, however, West was not actually taken to the hospital involuntarily; he was persuaded to do so by authorities. Kanye West_sentence_635

While the episode was first described as one of "temporary psychosis" caused by dehydration and sleep deprivation, West's mental state was abnormal enough for his 21 cancelled concerts to be covered by his insurance policy; he was reportedly paranoid and depressed throughout the hospitalization, but remained formally undiagnosed. Kanye West_sentence_636

Some have speculated that the Paris robbery of his wife may have triggered the paranoia. Kanye West_sentence_637

On November 30, West was released from the hospital. Kanye West_sentence_638

In his 2018 album, Ye, and various interviews around the time of the album's release, West stated that he suffers from bipolar disorder. Kanye West_sentence_639

In an 2018 interview, West declared that he became addicted to opioids when they were prescribed to him after he got liposuction. Kanye West_sentence_640

The addiction may have contributed to his nervous breakdown in 2016. Kanye West_sentence_641

West said that he often has suicidal ideation. Kanye West_sentence_642

In a 2019 interview with David Letterman, West stated that he has bipolar disorder. Kanye West_sentence_643

Legacy Kanye West_section_32

West is among the most critically acclaimed artists of the 21st century, earning praise from music critics, fans, industry peers, and wider cultural figures for his work. Kanye West_sentence_644

Jon Caramanica of The New York Times said that West has been "a frequent lightning rod for controversy, a bombastic figure who can count rankling two presidents among his achievements." Kanye West_sentence_645

Nieson elaborates, "He is talented enough that he has made the calculation that you can dislike him and you will still listen to his music. Kanye West_sentence_646

That's kind of a rarified space for a mainstream musician: someone who can almost willfully turn his fan base off at some moments and still know that in all likelihood, they will be there for his next release." Kanye West_sentence_647

West has been called "America's Mozart" by David Samuels of The Atlantic, a sentiment which Ed Ledsham from PopMatters found indicative of how "West's work has received canonisation from critics in a manner previously almost unknown to rap music." Kanye West_sentence_648

In Ledsham's opinion, "West's melding of multiple genres into the hip-hop fold is a complex act that challenges the dominant white notions of what constitutes true 'art' music." Kanye West_sentence_649

Erik Nielson, a University of Richmond professor who teaches courses on hip-hop culture, opines that West is a "mediocre rapper, but an extraordinary producer." Kanye West_sentence_650

Nielson states, "He is willing and able to experiment in ways that many people either don't or can't. Kanye West_sentence_651

He will take a concept to an extreme, and flesh it out and explore it in some sort of depth," with a "broad, eclectic range of sounds that he draws on that has opened up new possibilities for artists who came after him." Kanye West_sentence_652

In 2013, Julianne Escobedo Shepherd of Spin described West as fronting a "new art-pop era" in contemporary music, in which musicians draw widely on the visual arts as a signifier of both extravagant wealth as well as creative exploration. Kanye West_sentence_653

West's middle-class background, flamboyant fashion sense, outspokenness, and ability to reinvent himself on each of his albums set him apart from other hip-hop artists. Kanye West_sentence_654

Rolling Stone encapsulated West by calling him "as interesting and complicated a pop star as the 2000s produced—a rapper who mastered, upped and moved beyond the hip-hop game, a producer who created a signature sound and then abandoned it to his imitators, a flashy, free-spending sybarite with insightful things to say about college, culture, and economics, an egomaniac with more than enough artistic firepower to back it up." Kanye West_sentence_655

AllMusic editor Jason Birchmeier writes of his impact, "As his career progressed throughout the early 21st century, West shattered certain stereotypes about rappers, becoming a superstar on his own terms without adapting his appearance, his rhetoric, or his music to fit any one musical mold." Kanye West_sentence_656

Early in his music career, he was among the first rappers to publicly criticize the preponderance of homophobia in hip-hop culture. Kanye West_sentence_657

Meanwhile, he maintained a preppy fashion sense that helped expand hip-hop's definition of masculinity. Kanye West_sentence_658

Nielsen concedes that West "definitely made it OK to be a little bit of a weirdo. Kanye West_sentence_659

He said when he came out that he wasn't a thug. Kanye West_sentence_660

He was the kid who went to school, his mom was a college professor. Kanye West_sentence_661

He definitely challenged some of the authenticity that had to be there at the moment." Kanye West_sentence_662

Rolling Stone credited West with transforming hip-hop's mainstream, "establishing a style of introspective yet glossy rap." Kanye West_sentence_663

West has been credited with the commercial decline of the gangsta rap that once dominated mainstream hip-hop. Kanye West_sentence_664

The outcome of a highly publicized sales competition between rapper 50 Cent's Curtis and West's Graduation marked a turning point in the music industry. Kanye West_sentence_665

With its emotive raps and confessional details, the album altered the direction of hip hop and helped pave the way for new rappers who did not follow the hardcore-gangster mold to find wider mainstream acceptance. Kanye West_sentence_666

West's victory proved that rap music did not have to conform to gangsta-rap conventions to be commercially successful. Kanye West_sentence_667

According to Ben Detrick of XXL magazine, West effectively led a new wave of artists, including Kid Cudi, Wale, Lupe Fiasco, Kidz in the Hall, and Drake, who lacked the interest or ability to craft lyrical narratives about gunplay or drug-dealing. Kanye West_sentence_668

Rosie Swash of The Guardian deemed the sales competition a historical moment in hip-hop, because it "highlighted the diverging facets of hip-hop in the last decade; the former was gangsta rap for the noughties, while West was the thinking man's alternative." Kanye West_sentence_669

It was West's fourth studio album 808s & Heartbreak (2008), that may stand as his most influential work. Kanye West_sentence_670

According to Billboard senior editor Alex Gale, "That album is the equivalent of (Bob) Dylan going electric, and you still hear that all the time, in hip-hop and outside of hip-hop." Kanye West_sentence_671

Though 808s & Heartbreak polarized listeners upon release, the album was a commercial success and impacted popular music stylistically. Kanye West_sentence_672

It laid the groundwork for a new wave of artists who generally eschewed typical rap braggadocio for confessional, intimate subject matter and introspection, including Drake, Frank Ocean, Future, J. Kanye West_sentence_673

Cole, Kid Cudi, Childish Gambino, The Weeknd and Tyler, the Creator. Kanye West_sentence_674

Village Voice Media senior editor Ben Westhoff dubbed West the greatest hip-hop artist of all time, writing, "he's made the best albums and changed the game the most, and his music is the most likely to endure." Kanye West_sentence_675

Billboard senior editor Alex Gale declared West "absolutely one of the best, and you could make the argument for the best artist of the 21st century." Kanye West_sentence_676

Sharing similar sentiments, Complex called West the twenty-first century's "most important artist of any art form, of any genre." Kanye West_sentence_677

The Atlantic writer David Samuels commented, "Kanye's power resides in his wild creativity and expressiveness, his mastery of form, and his deep and uncompromising attachment to a self-made aesthetic that he expresses through means that are entirely of the moment: rap music, digital downloads, fashion, Twitter, blogs, live streaming video." Kanye West_sentence_678

According to Samuels, "He is the first true genius of the iPhone era, the Mozart of contemporary American music, intent on using his creative and emotional gifts to express the heartbreaks and fantasies of his audience." Kanye West_sentence_679

Joe Muggs of The Guardian compared West to David Bowie within the "modern mainstream" following Bowie's death in 2016, arguing that "there is nobody else who can sell as many records as West does [...] while remaining so resolutely experimental and capable of stirring things up culturally and politically." Kanye West_sentence_680

A substantial number of artists and other figures have professed admiration for West's work, including hip hop artists Rakim, RZA of Wu-Tang Clan, Chuck D of Public Enemy, and DJ Premier of Gang Starr. Kanye West_sentence_681

Velvet Underground founder and experimental-rock pioneer Lou Reed said of West that "the guy really, really, really is talented. Kanye West_sentence_682

He's really trying to raise the bar. Kanye West_sentence_683

No one's near doing what he's doing, it's not even on the same planet." Kanye West_sentence_684

Musicians such as Paul McCartney and Prince have also commended West's work. Kanye West_sentence_685

SpaceX and Tesla CEO and inventor Elon Musk complimented West in a piece for Time's 100 most influential people list, writing that: Kanye West_sentence_686

Drake, Nicki Minaj, Lil Uzi Vert and Casey Veggies have acknowledged being influenced directly by West. Kanye West_sentence_687

He has been cited as a direct influence by artists and musical groups outside of hip-hop including English singer-songwriters Adele and Lily Allen, R&B singer-songwriter Daniel Caesar, New Zealand pop artist Lorde, American electropop singer Halsey, English rock band Arctic Monkeys, Sergio Pizzorno of English rock band Kasabian and the American indie rock bands MGMT, the Yeah Yeah Yeahs, and Fall Out Boy have cited West as an influence. Kanye West_sentence_688

Experimental and electronic artists such as James Blake, Daniel Lopatin, and Tim Hecker have also cited West's work as an inspiration. Kanye West_sentence_689

A Boogie wit da Hoodie has also cited West as his inspiration to start music. Kanye West_sentence_690

Outside of his music career, West's success in the fashion industry has led to him being recognized as one of the most influential popular culture figures of his generation. Kanye West_sentence_691

Awards and achievements Kanye West_section_33

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Kanye West Kanye West_sentence_692

West has won a variety of awards. Kanye West_sentence_693

These include: a Webby Award for Artist of the Year, an Accessories Council Excellence Award for being a stylemaker, International Man of the Year at the GQ Awards, a Clio Award for The Life of Pablo Album Experience, and an honour by The Recording Academy. Kanye West_sentence_694

West is one of eight acts to have won the Billboard Artist Achievement Award. Kanye West_sentence_695

He has won the Brit Award for Best International Male Solo Artist a joint-record three times, in addition to being one of three artists to have won the award in consecutive years. Kanye West_sentence_696

In 2011, he became the first artist to win Best Male Hip-Hop Artist at the BET Awards three times, he is the male artist with the most wins for Video of the Year at the ceremony, and the only person to have been awarded the Visionary Award at The BET Honors. Kanye West_sentence_697

West has received the most nominations for Best Hip-Hop Video at the MTV Video Music Awards (nine), along with the second-most nominations for Best Male Video (seven). Kanye West_sentence_698

In 2015, he became the third rap act to win the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award. Kanye West_sentence_699

West has won 21 Grammys, he has the second most wins (21) and nominations (68) for a rapper (both behind Jay-Z). Kanye West_sentence_700

He has been the most nominated act at five ceremonies, and won the most Grammys by a male artist, and fourth most overall in the 2000s decade. Kanye West_sentence_701

In 2008, West became the first solo artist to have his first three albums receive nominations for Album of the Year. Kanye West_sentence_702

Only Eminem (six times) has won Best Rap Album more times than West (four times); additionally, West and Eminem are the only acts to have won the award in multiple successive years. Kanye West_sentence_703

West has the most wins and nominations for Best Rap Song. Kanye West_sentence_704

West is one of the best-selling digital artists of all time. Kanye West_sentence_705

He is the 7th highest certified artist in the US by digital singles (69 million). Kanye West_sentence_706

He had the most RIAA digital song certifications by a male artist in the 2000s (19), and was the fourth best-selling digital songs artist of the 2000s in the US. Kanye West_sentence_707

In Spotify's first ten years from 2008 to 2018, West was the sixth most streamed artist, and the fourth fastest artist to reach one billion streams. Kanye West_sentence_708

West has the joint-most consecutive studio album to debut at number one on the Billboard 200 (9). Kanye West_sentence_709

Between August 2005 and June 2008, West had the two highest first week album sales in the US, and was the only act to sell more than 800,000 in an opening week. Kanye West_sentence_710

Graduation and Watch the Throne, both broke US first week digital and iTunes albums sales. Kanye West_sentence_711

West has the joint-fifth most number-one singles in New Zealand (six), and the third most number one singles on the Hot Rap Songs chart (nine). Kanye West_sentence_712

He has the third-most top-ten singles in the UK by a rapper (20), and the joint-second most platinum singles in the UK by a rapper (eight). Kanye West_sentence_713

West is one of seven acts to have 100+ Billboard Hot 100 entries. Kanye West_sentence_714

West's albums have received numerous accolades. Kanye West_sentence_715

All of West's first six solo studio albums were included on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (2020), with My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (17) being the highest ranking 21st century album. Kanye West_sentence_716

Entertainment Weekly named The College Dropout the best album of the 2000s decade, Complex named Graduation as the best album released between 2002 and 2012, 808s & Heartbreak was named by Rolling Stone as one of the 40 most groundbreaking albums of all time, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy was named by numerous publications as the best album of the 2010s decade and one of the greatest albums of all time, Yeezus was the most critically acclaimed album of 2013, and The Life of Pablo was the first album to top the Billboard 200, go platinum in the US, and go gold in the UK, via streaming alone. Kanye West_sentence_717

West's singles have also obtained adulation and prestige. Kanye West_sentence_718

"Heartless" was amongst the top-ten best-selling singles worldwide in 2009, "Stronger" is one of the most downloaded songs of all time on iTunes, and "Gold Digger" was the ninth biggest Hot 100 song of the 2000s. Kanye West_sentence_719

West is regarded as one of the greatest hip-hop producers of all time. Kanye West_sentence_720

He made the most appearance on Complex's "Best Producers of every year since 1979" list (five). Kanye West_sentence_721

On Billboard's 2000s decade-end charts, West was third on the list of top producers. Kanye West_sentence_722

West has made more appearances (four) than any other act on The Guardian's "The Best Albums of the 21st Century" list, having topped the annual Pazz & Jop critic poll the joint-most times (four albums). Kanye West_sentence_723

In 2009, he became the first non-athlete to have a shoe deal with Nike. Kanye West_sentence_724

In 2014, NME named him the third most influential artist in music. Kanye West_sentence_725

In 2015, West became the second-ever rapper to headline Glastonbury Festival. Kanye West_sentence_726

Discography Kanye West_section_34

Main articles: Kanye West albums discography, Kanye West singles discography, and Kanye West production discography Kanye West_sentence_727

Kanye West_unordered_list_0

Filmography Kanye West_section_35

Main article: Kanye West videography Kanye West_sentence_728

Kanye West_unordered_list_1

Tours Kanye West_section_36

Main article: List of Kanye West live performances Kanye West_sentence_729

Headlining tours Kanye West_section_37

Kanye West_unordered_list_2

Supporting tours Kanye West_section_38

Kanye West_unordered_list_3

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanye West.