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CategoriesL'Europeo_header_cell_0_0_0 NewsmagazineL'Europeo_cell_0_0_1
FrequencyL'Europeo_header_cell_0_1_0 WeeklyL'Europeo_cell_0_1_1
Year foundedL'Europeo_header_cell_0_2_0 1945L'Europeo_cell_0_2_1
Final issueL'Europeo_header_cell_0_3_0 1995, 2013L'Europeo_cell_0_3_1
CompanyL'Europeo_header_cell_0_4_0 RizzoliL'Europeo_cell_0_4_1
CountryL'Europeo_header_cell_0_5_0 ItalyL'Europeo_cell_0_5_1
LanguageL'Europeo_header_cell_0_6_0 ItalianL'Europeo_cell_0_6_1

L'Europeo was a prominent Italian weekly news magazine launched on 4 November 1945, by the founder-editors Gianni Mazzocchi and Arrigo Benedetti. L'Europeo_sentence_0

Camilla Cederna was also among the founders. L'Europeo_sentence_1

The magazine stopped publication in 1995. L'Europeo_sentence_2

The title returned to the news-stands in 2001 and 2002 as a quarterly, then as a bi-monthly from 2003 to 2007 and a monthly from 2008, until closure in 2013. L'Europeo_sentence_3

Orientation L'Europeo_section_0

L'Europeo is described as independent, secular-oriented and liberal, and the most authoritative in its genre. L'Europeo_sentence_4

It combined news, politics, arts, true crime stories and the world of entertainment. L'Europeo_sentence_5

The magazine was established in 1945 and had its heyday in the mid-1940s, 1950s and 1960s. L'Europeo_sentence_6

Starting with a circulation of 20,000 it sold 300,000 copies already in 1947. L'Europeo_sentence_7

The magazine paid special attention to photographic image and documentary photography in the tradition of Life magazine in the United States. L'Europeo_sentence_8

According to Benedetti: "People look at articles, but read the photos" (Gli articoli si guardano, le fotografie si leggono). L'Europeo_sentence_9

Directed mainly at a middle-class and family readership it was slightly more culturally elevated than its popular rival, Epoca. L'Europeo_sentence_10

Its political orientation was centrist, but it was also one of the few magazines during the Cold War willing to openly have dialogue with the Italian Communist Party. L'Europeo_sentence_11

L'Europeo had a circulation of 127,422 copies in 1984. L'Europeo_sentence_12

Scoops L'Europeo_section_1

Focussing on news and current affairs, the magazine achieved some impressive scoops, one of the most memorable being Tommaso Besozzi's investigative report in July 1950 on the mysterious death of the Sicilian bandit Salvatore Giuliano, which convincingly disproved official accounts of how the bandit had died. L'Europeo_sentence_13

The now famous headline of the article read: "The only thing certain is that he is dead." L'Europeo_sentence_14

In March 1954 the magazine denounced the U.S. ambassador in Rome, Clare Boothe Luce, of intrusion into Italian internal politics in a speech she made in January at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington. L'Europeo_sentence_15

She had mentioned electoral fraud perpetrated by the left at the June 1953 elections, advising the government on how to fight the communists. L'Europeo_sentence_16

After the denial of Mrs. Luce, a dispute broke out among various journalists including Nicola Adelfi, author of the first scoop, the famous Indro Montanelli, and Benedetti himself. L'Europeo_sentence_17

In 1953 the Rizzoli publishing company bought the publication, when during the Korean War the original publisher was not able anymore to cover rising expenses. L'Europeo_sentence_18

The price of paper surged from 100 to 280 lire per kilogram. L'Europeo_sentence_19

The original editor Benedetti left the magazine and launched a new weekly, L'Espresso, in 1955. L'Europeo_sentence_20

Known journalists that worked for the magazine in the so-called "Benedetti school of journalism" were Tommaso Besozzi, Enzo Biagi, Giorgio Bocca, Oriana Fallaci and Indro Montanelli, as well as photographers such as Federico Scianna and Oliviero Toscani. L'Europeo_sentence_21

Novelist Alberto Moravia wrote weekly film reviews from 1950-1954. L'Europeo_sentence_22

Controversial journalist Oriana Fallaci began her career with L'Europeo. L'Europeo_sentence_23

First with celebrity interviews, covering Hollywood in the 1950s and 1960s, but progressing rapidly to war correspondent, covering the Vietnam War and the Middle East. L'Europeo_sentence_24

In 1968, she was shot as she was covering an army massacre of student protesters in Mexico. L'Europeo_sentence_25

In the years 1969 to 1972 L'Europeo published a series of her challenging interviews with prominent politicians such as Golda Meir, Indira Gandhi, Henry Kissinger, Yasser Arafat, Deng Xiaoping, Fidel Castro and Ayatollah Khomeini. L'Europeo_sentence_26

The interviews were often translated and published in the world's most prestigious publications. L'Europeo_sentence_27

She harangued Kissinger into calling the Vietnam War "useless." L'Europeo_sentence_28

Kissinger once said that the interview with Fallaci was "the single most disastrous conversation I ever had with a member of the press." L'Europeo_sentence_29

Decline L'Europeo_section_2

Its decline started in the second half of the 1970s, when Tommaso Giglio left as chief editor in 1976. L'Europeo_sentence_30

He wanted to compete with L’espresso and Panorama but the publisher was not willing to invest the necessary money. L'Europeo_sentence_31

Due to falling sales during the late 1970s, the magazine changed to a small format in 1981. L'Europeo_sentence_32

By the early 1990s it regained some ground but was eventually forced to close in 1995. L'Europeo_sentence_33

The last issue, in the spring of 1995, was a ‘special’ in the same format and graphic design as the first large news format. L'Europeo_sentence_34

See also L'Europeo_section_3

List of magazines published in Italy L'Europeo_sentence_35

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L'Europeo.