|English: The Bayamo Anthem|
|Also known as||"La Bayamesa" (English: "The Bayamo Song")|
|Music||Perucho Figueredo and Antonio Rodriguez-Ferrer, 1867|
"El Himno de Bayamo" (English: "The Bayamo Anthem", lit.
It was first performed in 1868, during the Battle of Bayamo .
Perucho Figueredo, who took part in the battle, wrote and composed the song.
The melody, also called "La Bayamesa" (English: "The Bayamo Song"), was composed by Figueredo in 1867.
On October 20, 1868, the Cuban forces obtained the capitulation of the Spanish colonial authorities in Bayamo, the jubilant people surrounded Figueredo and asked him to write an anthem with the melody they were humming.
Right on the saddle of his horse, Figueredo wrote the lyrics of the anthem, which was longer than the current official version.
Figueredo was captured and executed by the Spanish two years later.
Just before the firing squad received the Fire command, Figueredo shouted the line from his song: "Morir por la Patria es vivir" (English: "To die for one's country is to live").
Officially adopted by Cuba as its national anthem in 1902, it was retained even after the revolution of 1959.
The Cuban composer Antonio Rodriguez-Ferrer, was the composer of the musical introductory notes to the Cuban national anthem.
In addition to the "Himno de Bayamo", there are two other well-known Cuban songs called "La Bayamesa".
The first Bayamesa was composed in 1851 by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes and José Fornaris at the request of their friend Francisco Castillo Moreno, who is sometimes also credited with the lyrics.
After 1868, during the Cuban war, a "mambí" version of "La Bayamesa" became popular.
It has the same melody but different lyrics.
Originally, the song had three stanzas.
The last two stanzas were removed in 1902 because the lyrics seems to be anti-Spain.
Also, the section was too long compared to the other stanzas.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La Bayamesa.