Two Women

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This article is about the 1960 Italian film. Two Women_sentence_0

For other uses, see Two Women (disambiguation). Two Women_sentence_1

Two Women_table_infobox_0

Two WomenTwo Women_header_cell_0_0_0
ItalianTwo Women_header_cell_0_1_0 La ciociaraTwo Women_cell_0_1_1
Directed byTwo Women_header_cell_0_2_0 Vittorio De SicaTwo Women_cell_0_2_1
Produced byTwo Women_header_cell_0_3_0 Carlo PontiTwo Women_cell_0_3_1
Screenplay byTwo Women_header_cell_0_4_0 Two Women_cell_0_4_1
Based onTwo Women_header_cell_0_5_0 Two Women

by Alberto MoraviaTwo Women_cell_0_5_1

StarringTwo Women_header_cell_0_6_0 Two Women_cell_0_6_1
Music byTwo Women_header_cell_0_7_0 Armando TrovajoliTwo Women_cell_0_7_1
CinematographyTwo Women_header_cell_0_8_0 Gábor PogányTwo Women_cell_0_8_1
Edited byTwo Women_header_cell_0_9_0 Adriana NovelliTwo Women_cell_0_9_1

companiesTwo Women_header_cell_0_10_0

Two Women_cell_0_10_1
Distributed byTwo Women_header_cell_0_11_0 Two Women_cell_0_11_1
Release dateTwo Women_header_cell_0_12_0 Two Women_cell_0_12_1
Running timeTwo Women_header_cell_0_13_0 100 minutesTwo Women_cell_0_13_1
CountryTwo Women_header_cell_0_14_0 Two Women_cell_0_14_1
LanguageTwo Women_header_cell_0_15_0 Two Women_cell_0_15_1
Box officeTwo Women_header_cell_0_16_0 $3.0 million (US and Canada rentals)

2,024,049 admissions (France)Two Women_cell_0_16_1

Two Women (Italian: La ciociara [la tʃoˈtʃaːra, rough literal translation "The Woman from Ciociaria") is a 1960 war drama film directed by Vittorio De Sica from a screenplay by Cesare Zavattini and De Sica, based on the novel of the same name by Alberto Moravia. Two Women_sentence_2

The film stars Sophia Loren, Jean-Paul Belmondo, Eleonora Brown and Raf Vallone. Two Women_sentence_3

It tells the story of a woman trying to protect her young daughter from the horrors of war. Two Women_sentence_4

The story is fictional, but based on actual events of 1944 in Rome and rural Lazio, during what Italians call the Marocchinate. Two Women_sentence_5

Loren's performance received critical acclaim, earning her an Academy Award for Best Actress, among other accolades. Two Women_sentence_6

Plot Two Women_section_0

Cesira (Loren) is a widowed shopkeeper, raising her devoutly religious twelve-year-old daughter, Rosetta (Brown), in Rome during World War II. Two Women_sentence_7

Following the bombing of Rome, mother and daughter flee to Cesira's native Ciociaria, a rural, mountainous province of central Italy. Two Women_sentence_8

The night before they go, Cesira sleeps with Giovanni (Vallone), a coal dealer in her neighbourhood, who agrees to look after her store in her absence. Two Women_sentence_9

After they arrive at Ciociaria, Cesira attracts the attention of Michele (Belmondo), a young local intellectual with communist sympathies. Two Women_sentence_10

Rosetta sees Michele as a father figure and develops a strong bond with him. Two Women_sentence_11

Michele is later taken prisoner by German soldiers, who force him to act as a guide through the mountainous terrain. Two Women_sentence_12

After the Allies capture Rome, in June 1944, Cesira and Rosetta decide to head back to that city. Two Women_sentence_13

On the way, the two are gang-raped inside a church by a group of Moroccan Goumiers – soldiers attached to the invading Allied Armies in Italy. Two Women_sentence_14

Rosetta is traumatized, becoming detached and distant from her mother and no longer an innocent child. Two Women_sentence_15

When the two manage to find shelter at a neighbouring village, Rosetta disappears during the night, sending Cesira into a panic. Two Women_sentence_16

She thinks Rosetta has gone to look for Michele, but later finds out that Michele was killed by the Germans. Two Women_sentence_17

Rosetta returns, having been out with an older boy, who has given her silk stockings, despite her youth. Two Women_sentence_18

Cesira is outraged and upset, slapping and spanking Rosetta for her behavior, but Rosetta remains unresponsive, emotionally distant. Two Women_sentence_19

When Cesira informs Rosetta of Michele's death, Rosetta begins to cry like the little girl she had been prior to the rape. Two Women_sentence_20

The film ends with Cesira comforting the child. Two Women_sentence_21

Cast Two Women_section_1

Production Two Women_section_2

The film was based on a 1957 novel by Alberto Moravia, La ciociara (The Woman From Ciociaria). Two Women_sentence_22

It was inspired by Moravia's experiences during World War II. Two Women_sentence_23

Carlo Ponti bought the film rights along with Marcello Girosi for a reported US$100,000. Two Women_sentence_24

Sophia Loren was always meant to star and there was some talk that the film might be financed by Paramount, with whom Loren had made a number of movies. Two Women_sentence_25

Anna Magnani was going to play the lead and Loren was going to be her daughter. Two Women_sentence_26

George Cukor was going to direct as part of a two-picture deal with Ponti, the other one being Heller in Pink Tights (1960). Two Women_sentence_27

The film was going to be shot as part of a six-picture deal between Ponti and Paramount. Two Women_sentence_28

Cukor and Paramount dropped out. Two Women_sentence_29

Vittorio De Sica became attached as director. Two Women_sentence_30

Magnani pulled out, supposedly because she did not want to play Loren's mother, leading to Loren taking Magnani's role, even though the former was only 26 at the time. Two Women_sentence_31

However, De Sica says it was his decision for Loren to play Magnani's role and cast a younger performer as the daughter "for great poignancy. Two Women_sentence_32

If, in doing this, we moved away from original line of Moravia, we had better opportunity to stress, to underline, the monstrous impact of war on people. Two Women_sentence_33

The historical truth is that the great majority of those raped were young girls." Two Women_sentence_34

In a 2017 interview, Brown stated that Loren protected her from some of the underlying implications of the rape scene in the film, and also stated that director De Sica brought her to tears for the climatic final scene of hearing that Belmondo's character has died, by saying that a telegram had arrived saying that Brown's parents had died in an accident. Two Women_sentence_35

Magnani said she was going to do it, "Moravia wanted me, but Ponti got it, and Moravia did not fight. Two Women_sentence_36

After that, they went through all the roles I'd turned down for Sophia Loren to play." Two Women_sentence_37

"The book was one of the most beautiful I've ever read", said Loren. Two Women_sentence_38

"I thought it was worth taking the risk at 25 to play an older woman because the story was so beautiful." Two Women_sentence_39

Loren later said her performance was inspired by her memories of her mother during the war. Two Women_sentence_40

She also said she was greatly helped by her experience acting in Desire Under the Elms (1958). Two Women_sentence_41

Ponti raised money from France and Italy. Two Women_sentence_42

French investment was conditional upon a French star being used, which lead to the casting of Jean-Paul Belmondo, who had leapt to international fame in Breathless (1960). Two Women_sentence_43

Belmondo's voice was dubbed into Italian. Two Women_sentence_44

Release Two Women_section_3

Joseph E. Levine agreed to buy US release rights after watching only nine minutes of the film. Two Women_sentence_45

"I bet Sophia she'd win the Oscar and I nursed that film like a baby", Levine later said. Two Women_sentence_46

He showed the film in every city that a member of the Academy jury lived and promoted it assiduously. Two Women_sentence_47

"That showed foreign films could get big audiences if promoted with flair", said Levine. Two Women_sentence_48

The movie was among the 30 most popular films at the French box office that year. Two Women_sentence_49

Accolades Two Women_section_4

Two Women_unordered_list_0

The film was submitted two days late to be eligible as the 1960 Italian entry for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Two Women_sentence_50

Remakes Two Women_section_5

La Ciociara was remade for television in 1988. Two Women_sentence_51

It was adapted by Diana Gould, Lidia Ravera, Dino Risi, and Bernardino Zapponi. Two Women_sentence_52

It was directed by Risi, and starred Loren, Robert Loggia, Leonardo Ferrantini, Dario Ghirardi, and Sydney Penny. Two Women_sentence_53

An opera, La Ciociara, in a re-write by scenario writer Luca Rossi, with music composed by Marco Tutino, received its premiere at San Francisco Opera, and a European premiere at Teatro Lirico, Cagliari. Two Women_sentence_54

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Women.