Lachin

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For other places with the same name, see Lachin (disambiguation) and Laçın (disambiguation). Lachin_sentence_0

Lachin_table_infobox_0

Lachin

Laçın Բերձոր  BerdzorLachin_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryLachin_header_cell_0_1_0 Azerbaijan (de jure)

 Artsakh (de facto)Lachin_cell_0_1_1

DistrictLachin_header_cell_0_2_0 Lachin (de jure)Lachin_cell_0_2_1
ProvinceLachin_header_cell_0_3_0 Kashatagh (de facto)Lachin_cell_0_3_1
GovernmentLachin_header_cell_0_4_0
MayorLachin_header_cell_0_5_0 Narek AlexanyanLachin_cell_0_5_1
Population (2015)Lachin_header_cell_0_6_0
TotalLachin_header_cell_0_7_0 1,900Lachin_cell_0_7_1
Time zoneLachin_header_cell_0_8_0 UTC+4 (UTC)Lachin_cell_0_8_1

Lachin (Azerbaijani: Laçın (listen), literally "hawk", Armenian: Բերձոր, romanized: Berdzor) is a town within the strategic Lachin corridor, which connects Nagorno-Karabakh with Armenia, and is under the supervision of the Russian peacekeeping force following the ceasefire agreement, ending the Second Nagorno-Karabakh war. Lachin_sentence_1

The town is de jure centre of the Lachin District of Azerbaijan, and it was de facto under the occupation of the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh since 1992 as part of its Kashatagh Province. Lachin_sentence_2

According to the Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev, a new corridor will be built in the region as the Lachin corridor passes through the city of Lachin, and when this corridor is ready, the city will be returned to the Azerbaijani administration. Lachin_sentence_3

History Lachin_section_0

The town was formerly known as Abdallar, named after the Turkic Abdal tribe, until it was granted town status in 1923 and then renamed Lachin (a Turkic first name meaning hawk) in 1926. Lachin_sentence_4

In the early 1920s, Vladimir Lenin's letter to Narimanov "had implied that Lachin was to be included in Azerbaijan, but the authorities in Baku and Yerevan were given promises that were inevitably contradictory." Lachin_sentence_5

The town of Lachin on 7 July 1923 became the administrative centre of Kurdistansky Uyezd, often known as Red Kurdistan before it was moved to Shusha. Lachin_sentence_6

It was dissolved on 8 April 1929: Kurdish schools and newspapers were closed. Lachin_sentence_7

On 30 May 1930, the Kurdistan Okrug replaced the uyezd. Lachin_sentence_8

It included the territory of the former Kurdistansky uyezd, as well as Zangilansky District and a part of Dzhebrailsky District. Lachin_sentence_9

The okrug, like the uyezd before it, was founded to appeal to Kurds beyond Soviet borders in Iran and Turkey, but the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs would ultimately protest this policy due its negative effect on relations with Turkey and Iran. Lachin_sentence_10

Due to these concerns, the okrug was abolished less than a month after its foundation, on 23 July 1930. Lachin_sentence_11

In the late 1930s, Soviet authorities deported most of the local Kurdish population as well as much of the Kurds elsewhere Azerbaijan and Armenia to Kazakhstan. Lachin_sentence_12

First Nagorno-Karabakh war Lachin_section_1

Lachin town and the surrounding rayon were the locations of severe fighting during the First Nagorno-Karabakh war in 1990–1994, and the town has not wholly recovered from the destruction of that war. Lachin_sentence_13

Lachin has significant importance because of the Lachin corridor, which links Armenia to Nagorno-Karabakh. Lachin_sentence_14

Around 7,800 Azerbaijanis and Kurds became IDPs as a result of forceful deportations during the occupation. Lachin_sentence_15

The Armenian forces had also burned down the city. Lachin_sentence_16

Armenian occupation Lachin_section_2

From 1992, Lachin was administrated by the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh as part of its Kashatagh Province. Lachin_sentence_17

Artsakh repopulated the city by attracting settlers from Armenia and Lebanon. Lachin_sentence_18

The OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs noted that "Lachin has been treated as a separate case in previous negotiations." Lachin_sentence_19

The Lachin corridor and the Kelbajar district have been at the centre of Armenian demands during the Nagorno-Karabakh peace talks with Azerbaijan. Lachin_sentence_20

On 16 June 2015 European Court of Human Rights passed a judgement in the case of "Chiragov and Others v. Armenia", which concerned the complaints by six Azerbaijani ethnically-Kurdish refugees that they were unable to return to their homes and property in the district of Lachin, in Azerbaijan, from where they had been forced to flee in 1992 during the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. Lachin_sentence_21

The Court confirmed that Armenia exercised effective control over Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding territories and thus had jurisdiction over the district of Lachin. Lachin_sentence_22

The Court found that the denial by the Armenian Government of access to the applicants’ homes constituted an unjustified interference with their right to respect for their private and family lives as well as their homes. Lachin_sentence_23

2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war Lachin_section_3

Following the ceasefire agreement ending the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, the Lachin District was set to be handed over to Azerbaijan on December 1, with Russian peacekeepers securing the Lachin corridor which passes thorough the town. Lachin_sentence_24

However, the unclear and unstable situation in the region have caused many ethnic Armenians to evacuate from the city. Lachin_sentence_25

The Artsakh mayor of Lachin, Narek Aleksanyan, first called on the ethnic Armenian population of the town to evacuate. Lachin_sentence_26

However, later Aleksanyan stated that the agreement had been changed and that Lachin, Sus, and Zabux which are located inside the Lachin corridor would not be handed over to Azerbaijan, urging the Armenian population to stay in their homes. Lachin_sentence_27

However, it has been reported that despite Aleksanyan's calls, the vast majority of Armenians in Lachin, as well as Lebanese-Armenians in Zabux, have fled the region. Lachin_sentence_28

Azerbaijani MP Zahid Oruj, the chairman of the Center for Social Research, which is linked to the Azerbaijani government, denied that the Lachin district would not be handed over in its entirety. Lachin_sentence_29

On December 1, Azerbaijani forces, with tanks and a column of trucks, entered the district, and the Azerbaijani MoD released footage from the Lachin district. Lachin_sentence_30

On December 3, Azerbaijani Ministry of Defence released video footage from the town of Lachin. Lachin_sentence_31

Demographics Lachin_section_4

Lachin_table_general_1

YearLachin_header_cell_1_0_0 PopulationLachin_header_cell_1_0_1 Ethnic groupsLachin_header_cell_1_0_2 SourceLachin_header_cell_1_0_3
1926Lachin_cell_1_1_0 435Lachin_cell_1_1_1 37.7% Turks (now Azerbaijanis), 25.3% Kurds, 15.2% Armenians, 13.1% RussiansLachin_cell_1_1_2 Soviet censusLachin_cell_1_1_3
1939Lachin_cell_1_2_0 1,063Lachin_cell_1_2_1 80.7% Azerbaijani, 11.6% Armenians, 6.4% RussiansLachin_cell_1_2_2 Soviet censusLachin_cell_1_2_3
1959Lachin_cell_1_3_0 2,329Lachin_cell_1_3_1 94.5% Azerbaijani, 4.3% Armenians 1% RussiansLachin_cell_1_3_2 Soviet censusLachin_cell_1_3_3
1970Lachin_cell_1_4_0 4,990Lachin_cell_1_4_1 95% Azerbaijani, 2.7% Russians & Ukrainians, 1.1% ArmeniansLachin_cell_1_4_2 Soviet censusLachin_cell_1_4_3
1979Lachin_cell_1_5_0 6,073Lachin_cell_1_5_1 99.1% AzerbaijaniLachin_cell_1_5_2 Soviet censusLachin_cell_1_5_3
1989Lachin_cell_1_6_0 7,829Lachin_cell_1_6_1 Lachin_cell_1_6_2 Soviet censusLachin_cell_1_6_3
2005Lachin_cell_1_7_0 2,190Lachin_cell_1_7_1 ~100% ArmeniansLachin_cell_1_7_2 NKR censusLachin_cell_1_7_3
2015Lachin_cell_1_8_0 1,900Lachin_cell_1_8_1 ~100% ArmeniansLachin_cell_1_8_2 NKR estimateLachin_cell_1_8_3

Terrain Lachin_section_5

The town is scenically built on the side of a mountain on the left bank of Hakari River. Lachin_sentence_32

Twin cities Lachin_section_6

Lachin is twinned with: Lachin_sentence_33

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lachin.