Lady Gaga

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Lady Gaga_table_infobox_0

Lady GagaLady Gaga_header_cell_0_0_0
BornLady Gaga_header_cell_0_1_0 Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta
(1986-03-28) March 28, 1986 (age 34)

New York City, U.S.Lady Gaga_cell_0_1_1

OccupationLady Gaga_header_cell_0_2_0 Lady Gaga_cell_0_2_1
Years activeLady Gaga_header_cell_0_3_0 2001–presentLady Gaga_cell_0_3_1
OrganizationLady Gaga_header_cell_0_4_0 Born This Way FoundationLady Gaga_cell_0_4_1
Net worthLady Gaga_header_cell_0_5_0 US $275 million

(February 2016 estimate)Lady Gaga_cell_0_5_1

Parent(s)Lady Gaga_header_cell_0_6_0 Joseph Germanotta

Cynthia GermanottaLady Gaga_cell_0_6_1

RelativesLady Gaga_header_cell_0_7_0 Natali Germanotta (sister)Lady Gaga_cell_0_7_1
GenresLady Gaga_header_cell_0_8_0 Lady Gaga_cell_0_8_1
InstrumentsLady Gaga_header_cell_0_9_0 Lady Gaga_cell_0_9_1
LabelsLady Gaga_header_cell_0_10_0 Lady Gaga_cell_0_10_1
Associated actsLady Gaga_header_cell_0_11_0 Lady Gaga_cell_0_11_1
WebsiteLady Gaga_header_cell_0_12_0 Lady Gaga_cell_0_12_1

Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta (/ˈstɛfəni ˌdʒɜːrməˈnɒtə/ STEF-ən-ee JUR-mə-NOT-ə) (born March 28, 1986), known professionally as Lady Gaga, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, actress and businesswoman. Lady Gaga_sentence_0

She is known for her consistent image reinventions and versatility in both music and entertainment. Lady Gaga_sentence_1

Gaga began performing as a teenager, singing at open mic nights and acting in school plays. Lady Gaga_sentence_2

She studied at Collaborative Arts Project 21, through New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, before dropping out to pursue a career in music. Lady Gaga_sentence_3

When Def Jam Recordings canceled her contract, she worked as a songwriter for Sony/ATV Music Publishing, where she signed a joint deal with Interscope Records and Akon's label, KonLive Distribution, in 2007. Lady Gaga_sentence_4

Gaga rose to prominence the following year with her debut studio album, The Fame, and its chart-topping singles "Just Dance" and "Poker Face". Lady Gaga_sentence_5

The album was later reissued to include the EP, The Fame Monster (2009), which yielded the successful singles "Bad Romance", "Telephone", and "Alejandro". Lady Gaga_sentence_6

Gaga's five succeeding studio albums have all debuted atop the US Billboard 200. Lady Gaga_sentence_7

Her second full-length album, Born This Way (2011), explored electronic rock and techno-pop and sold more than one million copies in its first week. Lady Gaga_sentence_8

Its title track became the fastest-selling song on the iTunes Store, with over one million downloads in less than a week. Lady Gaga_sentence_9

Following her EDM-influenced third album, Artpop (2013), which yielded the single "Applause", Gaga released a jazz album with Tony Bennett, Cheek to Cheek (2014), and the country pop and soft rock-influenced album Joanne (2016). Lady Gaga_sentence_10

She also ventured into acting, playing leading roles in the miniseries American Horror Story: Hotel (2015–2016), for which she received a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress, and the critically acclaimed musical drama film A Star Is Born (2018). Lady Gaga_sentence_11

Her contributions to the latter's soundtrack, which spawned the chart-topping single "Shallow", made her the first woman to win an Academy, Grammy, BAFTA, and Golden Globe Award in one year. Lady Gaga_sentence_12

Gaga returned to her dance-pop roots with her sixth studio album, Chromatica (2020), which spawned the number-one single "Rain on Me". Lady Gaga_sentence_13

Having sold 124 million records as of 2014, Gaga is one of the world's best-selling music artists and the fourth highest-earning female musician of the 2010s. Lady Gaga_sentence_14

Her achievements include various Guinness World Records, 11 Grammy Awards, and awards from the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Council of Fashion Designers of America. Lady Gaga_sentence_15

She has been declared Billboard's Artist of the Year and Woman of the Year and included among Forbes' power and earnings rankings. Lady Gaga_sentence_16

Gaga was ranked number four on VH1's Greatest Women in Music in 2012 and second on Time's 2011 readers' poll of the most influential people of the past ten years. Lady Gaga_sentence_17

Her extensive philanthropy and social activism includes work related to mental health awareness and LGBT rights. Lady Gaga_sentence_18

Gaga founded the Born This Way Foundation in 2012, a non-profit organization that focuses on empowering youth, improving mental health, and preventing bullying. Lady Gaga_sentence_19

In 2019, she launched Haus Laboratories, a vegan cosmetics brand. Lady Gaga_sentence_20

Life and career Lady Gaga_section_0

1986–2005: Early life Lady Gaga_section_1

Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta was born on March 28, 1986 at Lenox Hill Hospital in Manhattan, New York City, to an upper middle class Catholic family. Lady Gaga_sentence_21

Both of her parents have Italian ancestry, and she also has more distant French-Canadian roots. Lady Gaga_sentence_22

Her parents are Cynthia Louise (née Bissett), a philanthropist and business executive, and Internet entrepreneur Joseph Germanotta, and she has a younger sister named Natali. Lady Gaga_sentence_23

Brought up in the Upper West Side of Manhattan, Gaga said in an interview that her parents came from lower-class families and worked hard for everything. Lady Gaga_sentence_24

From age 11, she attended the Convent of the Sacred Heart, a private all-girls Roman Catholic school. Lady Gaga_sentence_25

Gaga described her high school self as "very dedicated, very studious, very disciplined" but also "a bit insecure". Lady Gaga_sentence_26

She considered herself a misfit and was mocked for "being either too provocative or too eccentric". Lady Gaga_sentence_27

Gaga began playing the piano at age four when her mother insisted she become "a cultured young woman". Lady Gaga_sentence_28

She took piano lessons and practiced through her childhood. Lady Gaga_sentence_29

The lessons taught her to create music by ear, which she preferred over reading sheet music. Lady Gaga_sentence_30

Her parents encouraged her to pursue music, and enrolled her in Creative Arts Camp. Lady Gaga_sentence_31

As a teenager, she played at open mic nights. Lady Gaga_sentence_32

Gaga played the lead roles of Adelaide in the play Guys and Dolls and Philia in the play A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum at Regis High School. Lady Gaga_sentence_33

She also studied method acting at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute for ten years. Lady Gaga_sentence_34

Gaga unsuccessfully auditioned for New York shows, though she did appear in a small role as a high school student in a 2001 episode of The Sopranos titled "The Telltale Moozadell". Lady Gaga_sentence_35

She later said of her inclination towards music: Lady Gaga_sentence_36

In 2003, at age 17, Gaga gained early admission to Collaborative Arts Project 21, a music school at New York University (NYU)'s Tisch School of the Arts, and lived in an NYU dorm. Lady Gaga_sentence_37

She studied music there, and improved her songwriting skills by writing essays on art, religion, social issues and politics, including a thesis on pop artists Spencer Tunick and Damien Hirst. Lady Gaga_sentence_38

In 2005, she withdrew from school during the second semester of her sophomore year to focus on her music career. Lady Gaga_sentence_39

That year, she also played an unsuspecting diner customer for MTV's Boiling Points, a prank reality television show. Lady Gaga_sentence_40

In a 2014 interview, Gaga said she had been raped at age 19, for which she later underwent mental and physical therapy. Lady Gaga_sentence_41

She has posttraumatic stress disorder that she attributes to the incident, and says that support from doctors, family and friends has helped her. Lady Gaga_sentence_42

2005–2007: Career beginnings Lady Gaga_section_2

In 2005, Gaga recorded two songs with hip-hop singer Melle Mel for an audio book accompanying Cricket Casey's children's novel The Portal in the Park. Lady Gaga_sentence_43

She also formed a band called the SGBand with some friends from NYU. Lady Gaga_sentence_44

They played gigs around New York and became a fixture of the downtown Lower East Side club scene. Lady Gaga_sentence_45

After the 2006 Songwriters Hall of Fame New Songwriters Showcase at The Cutting Room in June, talent scout Wendy Starland recommended her to music producer Rob Fusari. Lady Gaga_sentence_46

Fusari collaborated with Gaga, who traveled daily to New Jersey, helping to develop her songs and compose new material. Lady Gaga_sentence_47

The producer said they began dating in May 2006, and claimed to have been the first person to call her "Lady Gaga", which was derived from Queen's song "Radio Ga Ga". Lady Gaga_sentence_48

Their relationship lasted until January 2007. Lady Gaga_sentence_49

Fusari and Gaga established a company called Team Lovechild, LLC to promote her career. Lady Gaga_sentence_50

They recorded and produced electropop tracks, sending them to music industry executives. Lady Gaga_sentence_51

Joshua Sarubin, the head of Artists and repertoire (A&R) at Def Jam Recordings, responded positively and, after approval from Sarubin's boss Antonio "L.A." Reid, Gaga was signed to Def Jam in September 2006. Lady Gaga_sentence_52

She was dropped from the label three months later and returned to her family home for Christmas. Lady Gaga_sentence_53

Gaga began performing at neo-burlesque shows, which according to her represented freedom. Lady Gaga_sentence_54

During this time, she met performance artist Lady Starlight, who helped mold her onstage persona. Lady Gaga_sentence_55

The pair began performing at downtown club venues like the Mercury Lounge, The Bitter End, and the Rockwood Music Hall. Lady Gaga_sentence_56

Their live performance art piece, known as "Lady Gaga and the Starlight Revue" and billed as "The Ultimate Pop Burlesque Rockshow", was a tribute to 1970s variety acts. Lady Gaga_sentence_57

They performed at the 2007 Lollapalooza music festival. Lady Gaga_sentence_58

Having initially focused on avant-garde electronic dance music, Gaga began to incorporate pop melodies and the glam rock style of David Bowie and Queen into her songs. Lady Gaga_sentence_59

While Gaga and Starlight were performing, Fusari continued to develop the songs he had created with her, sending them to the producer and record executive Vincent Herbert. Lady Gaga_sentence_60

In November 2007, Herbert signed Gaga to his label Streamline Records, an imprint of Interscope Records, established that month. Lady Gaga_sentence_61

Gaga later credited Herbert as the man who discovered her. Lady Gaga_sentence_62

Having served as an apprentice songwriter during an internship at Famous Music Publishing, Gaga struck a music publishing deal with Sony/ATV. Lady Gaga_sentence_63

As a result, she was hired to write songs for Britney Spears, New Kids on the Block, Fergie, and The Pussycat Dolls. Lady Gaga_sentence_64

At Interscope, musician Akon was impressed with her singing abilities when she sang a reference vocal for one of his tracks in studio. Lady Gaga_sentence_65

Akon convinced Jimmy Iovine, chairman and CEO of Interscope Geffen A&M Records (a brother company for Def Jam), to form a joint deal by having Gaga also sign with his own label KonLive, making her his "franchise player". Lady Gaga_sentence_66

In late 2007, Gaga met with songwriter and producer RedOne. Lady Gaga_sentence_67

She collaborated with him in the recording studio for a week on her debut album, signing with Cherrytree Records, an Interscope imprint established by producer and songwriter Martin Kierszenbaum; she also wrote four songs with Kierszenbaum. Lady Gaga_sentence_68

Despite securing a record deal, she said that some radio stations found her music too "racy", "dance-oriented", and "underground" for the mainstream market, to which she replied: "My name is Lady Gaga, I've been on the music scene for years, and I'm telling you, this is what's next." Lady Gaga_sentence_69

2008–2010: Breakthrough with The Fame and The Fame Monster Lady Gaga_section_3

By 2008, Gaga had relocated to Los Angeles to work extensively with her record label to complete her debut album, The Fame, and to set up her own creative team called the Haus of Gaga, modeled on Andy Warhol's Factory. Lady Gaga_sentence_70

The Fame was released on August 19, 2008, and reached number one in Austria, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland and the UK, as well as the top five in Australia and the US. Lady Gaga_sentence_71

Its first two singles, "Just Dance" and "Poker Face", reached number one in the United States, Australia, Canada and the UK. Lady Gaga_sentence_72

The latter was also the world's best-selling single of 2009, with 9.8 million copies sold that year, and spent a record 83 weeks on Billboard magazine's Digital Songs chart. Lady Gaga_sentence_73

Three other singles, "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)", "LoveGame" and "Paparazzi", were released from the album; the last one reached number one in Germany. Lady Gaga_sentence_74

Remixed versions of the singles from The Fame, except "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)", were included on Hitmixes in August 2009. Lady Gaga_sentence_75

At the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards, The Fame and "Poker Face" won Best Dance/Electronica Album and Best Dance Recording, respectively. Lady Gaga_sentence_76

Following her opening act on the Pussycat Dolls' 2009 Doll Domination Tour in Europe and Oceania, Gaga headlined her worldwide The Fame Ball Tour, which ran from March to September 2009. Lady Gaga_sentence_77

While traveling the globe, she wrote eight songs for The Fame Monster, a reissue of The Fame. Lady Gaga_sentence_78

Those new songs were also released as a standalone EP on November 18, 2009. Lady Gaga_sentence_79

Its first single, "Bad Romance", was released one month earlier and went number one in Canada and the UK, and number two in the US, Australia and New Zealand. Lady Gaga_sentence_80

"Telephone", with Beyoncé, followed as the second single from the EP and became Gaga's fourth UK number one. Lady Gaga_sentence_81

Its third single was "Alejandro", which reached number one in Finland and attracted controversy when its music video was deemed blasphemous by the Catholic League. Lady Gaga_sentence_82

Both tracks reached the top five in the US. Lady Gaga_sentence_83

The video for "Bad Romance" became the most watched on YouTube in April 2010, and that October, Gaga became the first person with more than one billion combined views. Lady Gaga_sentence_84

At the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards, she won eight awards from 13 nominations, including Video of the Year for "Bad Romance". Lady Gaga_sentence_85

She was the most nominated artist for a single year, and the first female to receive two nominations for Video of the Year at the same ceremony. Lady Gaga_sentence_86

The Fame Monster won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album, and "Bad Romance" won Best Female Pop Vocal Performance and Best Short Form Music Video at the 53rd Annual Grammy Awards. Lady Gaga_sentence_87

In 2009, Gaga spent a record 150 weeks on the UK Singles Chart and became the most downloaded female act in a year in the US, with 11.1 million downloads sold, earning an entry in the Guinness Book of World Records. Lady Gaga_sentence_88

The Fame and The Fame Monster together have since sold more than 15 million copies worldwide. Lady Gaga_sentence_89

This success allowed Gaga to start her second worldwide concert tour, The Monster Ball Tour, and release The Remix, her final record with Cherrytree Records and among the best-selling remix albums of all time. Lady Gaga_sentence_90

The Monster Ball Tour ran from November 2009 to May 2011 and grossed $227.4 million, making it the highest-grossing concert tour for a debut headlining artist. Lady Gaga_sentence_91

Concerts performed at Madison Square Garden in New York City were filmed for an HBO television special, Lady Gaga Presents the Monster Ball Tour: At Madison Square Garden. Lady Gaga_sentence_92

Gaga also performed songs from her albums at the 2009 Royal Variety Performance, the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards, and the 2010 BRIT Awards. Lady Gaga_sentence_93

Before Michael Jackson's death, Gaga was set to take part in his canceled This Is It concert series at the O2 Arena in the UK. Lady Gaga_sentence_94

During this era, Gaga ventured into business, collaborating with consumer electronics company Monster Cable Products to create in-ear, jewel-encrusted headphones called Heartbeats by Lady Gaga. Lady Gaga_sentence_95

She also partnered with Polaroid in January 2010 as their creative director and announced a suite of photo-capture products called Grey Label. Lady Gaga_sentence_96

Her collaboration with her past record producer and ex-boyfriend Rob Fusari led to a lawsuit against her production team, Mermaid Music LLC. Lady Gaga_sentence_97

At this time, Gaga was tested borderline positive for lupus, but claimed not to be affected by the symptoms and hoped to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Lady Gaga_sentence_98

2011–2014: Born This Way, Artpop, and Cheek to Cheek Lady Gaga_section_4

In February 2011, Gaga released "Born This Way", the lead single from her studio album of the same name. Lady Gaga_sentence_99

The song sold more than one million copies within five days, earning the Guinness World Record for the fastest selling single on iTunes. Lady Gaga_sentence_100

It debuted atop the Billboard Hot 100, becoming the 1,000th number-one single in the history of the charts. Lady Gaga_sentence_101

Its second single "Judas" followed two months later, and "The Edge of Glory" served as its third single. Lady Gaga_sentence_102

Both reached the top 10 in the US and the UK. Lady Gaga_sentence_103

Her music video for "The Edge of Glory", unlike her previous work, portrays her dancing on a fire escape and walking on a lonely street, without intricate choreography and back-up dancers. Lady Gaga_sentence_104

Born This Way was released on May 23, 2011, and debuted atop the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 1.1 million copies. Lady Gaga_sentence_105

The album sold eight million copies worldwide and received three Grammy nominations, including Gaga's third consecutive nomination for Album of the Year. Lady Gaga_sentence_106

Rolling Stone listed it among "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" in 2020. Lady Gaga_sentence_107

Born This Way's following singles were "You and I" and "Marry the Night", which reached numbers six and 29 in the US, respectively. Lady Gaga_sentence_108

While filming the former's music video, Gaga met and started dating actor Taylor Kinney in July 2011, who played her love interest. Lady Gaga_sentence_109

She also embarked on the Born This Way Ball tour in April 2012, which was scheduled to conclude the following March, but ended one month earlier when Gaga canceled the remaining dates due to a labral tear of her right hip that required surgery. Lady Gaga_sentence_110

While refunds for the cancellations were estimated to be worth $25 million, the tour grossed $183.9 million globally. Lady Gaga_sentence_111

In 2011, Gaga also worked with Tony Bennett on a jazz version of "The Lady Is a Tramp", with Elton John on "Hello Hello" for the animated feature film Gnomeo & Juliet, and with The Lonely Island and Justin Timberlake on "3-Way (The Golden Rule)". Lady Gaga_sentence_112

She also performed a concert at the Sydney Town Hall in Australia that year to promote Born This Way and to celebrate former US President Bill Clinton's 65th birthday. Lady Gaga_sentence_113

In November, she was featured in a Thanksgiving television special titled A Very Gaga Thanksgiving, which attracted 5.7 million American viewers and spawned the release of her fourth EP, A Very Gaga Holiday. Lady Gaga_sentence_114

In 2012, Gaga guest-starred as an animated version of herself in an episode of The Simpsons called "Lisa Goes Gaga", appeared in the documentary films The Zen of Bennett and Katy Perry: Part of Me, and released her first fragrance, Lady Gaga Fame, followed by a second one, Eau de Gaga, in 2014. Lady Gaga_sentence_115

Gaga began work on her third studio album, Artpop, in early 2012, during the Born This Way Ball tour; she crafted the album to mirror "a night at the club". Lady Gaga_sentence_116

In August 2013, Gaga released the album's lead single "Applause", which reached number one in Hungary, number four in the US, and number five in the UK. Lady Gaga_sentence_117

A lyric video for Artpop track "Aura" followed in October to accompany Robert Rodriguez's Machete Kills, where she plays an assassin named La Chameleon. Lady Gaga_sentence_118

The film received generally negative reviews and earned less than half of its $33 million budget. Lady Gaga_sentence_119

The second Artpop single, "Do What U Want", featured singer R. Lady Gaga_sentence_120 Kelly and was released later that month, topping the charts in Hungary and reaching number 13 in the US. Lady Gaga_sentence_121

Gaga removed the song from all streaming platforms in 2019 in the light of allegations made against Kelly sexually abusing several women; Gaga apologized for ever collaborating with him. Lady Gaga_sentence_122

Artpop was released on November 6, 2013 to mixed reviews. Lady Gaga_sentence_123

Helen Brown in The Daily Telegraph criticized Gaga for making another album about her fame and doubted the record's originality, but found it "great for dancing". Lady Gaga_sentence_124

The album debuted atop the Billboard 200 chart, and sold more than 2.5 million copies worldwide as of July 2014. Lady Gaga_sentence_125

"G.U.Y." Lady Gaga_sentence_126

was released as the third single in March 2014 and peaked at number 76 in the US. Lady Gaga_sentence_127

Gaga hosted an episode of Saturday Night Live in November 2013, performing "Do What U Want" (with Kelly) and an album cut, "Gypsy". Lady Gaga_sentence_128

After holding her second Thanksgiving Day television special on ABC, Lady Gaga and the Muppets Holiday Spectacular, she performed a special rendition of "Do What U Want" with Christina Aguilera on the fifth season of the American reality talent show The Voice. Lady Gaga_sentence_129

In March 2014, Gaga had a seven-day concert residency commemorating the last performance at New York's Roseland Ballroom before its closure. Lady Gaga_sentence_130

Two months later, she embarked on the ArtRave: The Artpop Ball tour, building on concepts from her ArtRave promotional event. Lady Gaga_sentence_131

Earning $83 million, the tour included cities canceled from the Born This Way Ball tour itinerary. Lady Gaga_sentence_132

In the meantime, Gaga split from longtime manager Troy Carter over "creative differences", and by June 2014, she and new manager Bobby Campbell joined Artist Nation, the artist management division of Live Nation Entertainment. Lady Gaga_sentence_133

She briefly appeared in Rodriguez's Sin City: A Dame to Kill For, and was confirmed as Versace's spring-summer 2014 ambassador with a campaign called "Lady Gaga For Versace". Lady Gaga_sentence_134

In September 2014, Gaga released a collaborative jazz album with Tony Bennett titled Cheek to Cheek. Lady Gaga_sentence_135

The inspiration behind the album came from her friendship with Bennett, and fascination with jazz music since her childhood. Lady Gaga_sentence_136

Before the album was released, it produced the singles "Anything Goes" and "I Can't Give You Anything but Love". Lady Gaga_sentence_137

Cheek to Cheek received generally favorable reviews; The Guardian's Caroline Sullivan praised Gaga's vocals and Howard Reich of the Chicago Tribune wrote that "Cheek to Cheek serves up the real thing, start to finish". Lady Gaga_sentence_138

The record was Gaga's third consecutive number-one album on the Billboard 200, and won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. Lady Gaga_sentence_139

The duo recorded the concert special Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga: Cheek to Cheek Live! Lady Gaga_sentence_140 , and embarked on the Cheek to Cheek Tour from December 2014 to August 2015. Lady Gaga_sentence_141

2015–2017: American Horror Story, Joanne, and Super Bowl performances Lady Gaga_section_5

In February 2015, Gaga became engaged to Taylor Kinney. Lady Gaga_sentence_142

After Artpop's lukewarm response, Gaga began to redo her image and style. Lady Gaga_sentence_143

According to Billboard, this shift started with the release of Cheek to Cheek and the attention she received for her performance at the 87th Academy Awards, where she sang a medley of songs from The Sound of Music in a tribute to Julie Andrews. Lady Gaga_sentence_144

Considered one of her best performances by Billboard, it triggered more than 214,000 interactions per minute globally on Facebook. Lady Gaga_sentence_145

She and Diane Warren co-wrote the song "Til It Happens to You" for the documentary The Hunting Ground, which earned them the Satellite Award for Best Original Song and an Academy Award nomination in the same category. Lady Gaga_sentence_146

Gaga won Billboard Woman of the Year and Contemporary Icon Award at the 2015 Annual Songwriters Hall of Fame Awards. Lady Gaga_sentence_147

Gaga had spent much of her early life wanting to be an actress, and achieved her goal when she starred in American Horror Story: Hotel. Lady Gaga_sentence_148

Running from October 2015 to January 2016, Hotel is the fifth season of the television anthology horror series, American Horror Story, in which Gaga played a hotel owner named Elizabeth. Lady Gaga_sentence_149

At the 73rd Golden Globe Awards, Gaga received the Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film award for her work on the season. Lady Gaga_sentence_150

She appeared in Nick Knight's 2015 fashion film for Tom Ford's 2016 spring campaign and was guest editor for V fashion magazine's 99th issue in January 2016, which featured 16 different covers. Lady Gaga_sentence_151

She received Editor of the Year award at the Fashion Los Angeles Awards. Lady Gaga_sentence_152

In February 2016, Gaga sang the US national anthem at Super Bowl 50, partnered with Intel and Nile Rodgers for a tribute performance to the late David Bowie at the 58th Annual Grammy Awards, and sang "Til It Happens to You" at the 88th Academy Awards, where she was introduced by Joe Biden and was accompanied on-stage by 50 people who had suffered from sexual assault. Lady Gaga_sentence_153

She was honored that April with the Artist Award at the Jane Ortner Education Awards by The Grammy Museum, which recognizes artists who have demonstrated passion and dedication to education through the arts. Lady Gaga_sentence_154

Her engagement to Taylor Kinney ended in July; she later said her career had interfered with their relationship. Lady Gaga_sentence_155

Gaga played a witch named Scathach in American Horror Story: Roanoke, the series' sixth season, which ran from September to November 2016. Lady Gaga_sentence_156

Her role in the fifth season of the show ultimately influenced her future music, prompting her to feature "the art of darkness". Lady Gaga_sentence_157

In September 2016, she released her fifth album's lead single, "Perfect Illusion", which topped the charts in France and reached number 15 in the US. Lady Gaga_sentence_158

The album, titled Joanne, was named after Gaga's late aunt, who was an inspiration for the music. Lady Gaga_sentence_159

It was released on October 21, 2016, and became Gaga's fourth number one album on the Billboard 200, making her the first woman to reach the US chart's summit four times in the 2010s. Lady Gaga_sentence_160

The album's second single, "Million Reasons", followed the next month and reached number four in the US. Lady Gaga_sentence_161

She later released a piano version of the album's title track in 2018, which won a Grammy for Best Pop Solo Performance. Lady Gaga_sentence_162

To promote the album, Gaga embarked on the three-date Dive Bar Tour. Lady Gaga_sentence_163

Gaga performed as the headlining act during the Super Bowl LI halftime show on February 5, 2017. Lady Gaga_sentence_164

Her performance featured a group of hundreds of lighted drones forming various shapes in the sky above Houston's NRG Stadium—the first time robotic aircraft appeared in a Super Bowl program. Lady Gaga_sentence_165

It attracted 117.5 million viewers in the United States, exceeding the game's 113.3 million viewers. Lady Gaga_sentence_166

The performance led to a surge of 410,000 song downloads in the United States for Gaga and earned her an Emmy nomination in the Outstanding Special Class Program category. Lady Gaga_sentence_167

CBS Sports included her performance as the second best in the history of Super Bowl halftime shows. Lady Gaga_sentence_168

In April, Gaga headlined the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival. Lady Gaga_sentence_169

She also released a standalone-single, "The Cure", which reached the top 10 in Australia. Lady Gaga_sentence_170

In August, Gaga began the Joanne World Tour, which she announced after the Super Bowl LI halftime show. Lady Gaga_sentence_171

Gaga's creation of Joanne and preparation for her halftime show performance were featured in the documentary Gaga: Five Foot Two, which premiered on Netflix in September. Lady Gaga_sentence_172

Throughout the film, she was seen suffering from chronic pain, which was later revealed to be the effect of a long-term condition called fibromyalgia. Lady Gaga_sentence_173

It resulted in Gaga canceling the last ten shows of the Joanne World Tour, which ultimately grossed $95 million from 842,000 tickets sold. Lady Gaga_sentence_174

2018–present: A Star Is Born, Enigma, and Chromatica Lady Gaga_section_6

In March 2018, Gaga supported the March for Our Lives gun-control rally in Washington, D.C., and released a cover of Elton John's "Your Song" for his tribute album Revamp. Lady Gaga_sentence_175

Later that year, she starred as struggling singer Ally in Bradley Cooper's musical romantic drama A Star Is Born, a remake of the 1937 film of the same name. Lady Gaga_sentence_176

The film follows Ally's relationship with singer Jackson Maine (played by Cooper), which becomes strained after her career begins to overshadow his. Lady Gaga_sentence_177

Cooper approached Gaga after seeing her perform at a cancer research fundraiser; an admirer of Cooper's work, Gaga agreed to the project due to its portrayal of addiction and depression. Lady Gaga_sentence_178

A Star Is Born premiered at the 2018 Venice Film Festival, and was released worldwide that October. Lady Gaga_sentence_179

Gaga's performance was acclaimed by film critics, with Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian describing the film as "outrageously watchable" and stating that "Gaga's ability to be part ordinary person, part extraterrestrial celebrity empress functions at the highest level"; Stephanie Zacharek of Time magazine similarly highlighted her "knockout performance" and found her "charismatic" without her usual makeup, wigs and costumes. Lady Gaga_sentence_180

For the role, Gaga won the National Board of Review and Critics' Choice awards for Best Actress, in addition to receiving nominations for the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Screen Actors Guild Award and BAFTA Award for Best Actress. Lady Gaga_sentence_181

Gaga and Cooper co-wrote and produced most of the songs on the soundtrack for A Star Is Born, which she insisted they perform live in the film. Lady Gaga_sentence_182

Its lead single, "Shallow", performed by the two, was released on September 27, 2018 and topped the charts in various countries including Australia, the UK and the US. Lady Gaga_sentence_183

The soundtrack contains 34 tracks, including 19 original songs, and received generally positive reviews; Mark Kennedy of The Washington Post called it a "five-star marvel" and Ben Beaumont-Thomas of The Guardian termed it an "instant classics full of Gaga's emotional might". Lady Gaga_sentence_184

Commercially, the soundtrack debuted at number one in the US, making Gaga the first woman with five US number-one albums in the 2010s, and breaking her tie with Taylor Swift as the most for any female artist this decade; Swift tied with her again in 2019. Lady Gaga_sentence_185

It additionally topped the charts in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, Switzerland and the UK. Lady Gaga_sentence_186

As of June 2019, the soundtrack had sold over six million copies worldwide. Lady Gaga_sentence_187

The album won Gaga four Grammy Awards—Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media and Best Pop Duo/Group Performance and Best Song Written for Visual Media for "Shallow", as well as the latter category for "I'll Never Love Again"—and a BAFTA Award for Best Film Music. Lady Gaga_sentence_188

"Shallow" also won her the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, and Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Original Song. Lady Gaga_sentence_189

In October, Gaga announced her engagement to talent agent Christian Carino whom she had met in early 2017. Lady Gaga_sentence_190

They ended the engagement in February 2019. Lady Gaga_sentence_191

Gaga signed a two-year residency, named Lady Gaga Enigma, to perform at the MGM Park Theater in Las Vegas. Lady Gaga_sentence_192

The residency consists of two types of shows: Enigma, which focuses on theatricality and includes the singer's biggest hits, and Jazz and Piano, which involves tracks from the Great American Songbook and stripped-down versions of Gaga's songs. Lady Gaga_sentence_193

The Enigma residency show opened in December 2018 and the Jazz and Piano in January 2019. Lady Gaga_sentence_194

Gaga launched her first, vegan makeup line, Haus Laboratories, in September 2019 exclusively on Amazon. Lady Gaga_sentence_195

Consisting of 40 products, including liquid eyeliners, lip glosses and face mask sticker, it reached number-one on Amazon's list of best-selling lipsticks. Lady Gaga_sentence_196

In February 2020, Gaga began a relationship with entrepreneur Michael Polanksy. Lady Gaga_sentence_197

Gaga's sixth studio album, Chromatica, was released on May 29, 2020 to positive reviews. Lady Gaga_sentence_198

It debuted atop the US charts, becoming her sixth consecutive number-one album in the country, and reached the top spot in more than a dozen other territories including Australia, Canada, France, Italy and the UK. Lady Gaga_sentence_199

Chromatica was preceded by two singles, "Stupid Love", on February 28, 2020, and "Rain on Me", with Ariana Grande, on May 22. Lady Gaga_sentence_200

The latter debuted at number one in the US, making Gaga the third person to top the country's chart in the 2000s, 2010s and 2020s. Lady Gaga_sentence_201

At the 2020 MTV Video Music Awards, she won five awards, including the inaugural Tricon Award recognizing artists accomplished in different areas of the entertainment industry. Lady Gaga_sentence_202

In September 2020, Gaga appeared in the video campaign for Valentino's Voce Viva fragrance, singing a stripped-down version of Chromatica track "Sine from Above", along with a group of models. Lady Gaga_sentence_203

Gaga is next committed to portray Patrizia Reggiani, who was convicted of hiring a hitman to murder her ex-husband and former head of the Gucci fashion house Maurizio Gucci, in an upcoming film directed by Ridley Scott. Lady Gaga_sentence_204

She is also set to appear in David Leitch's action thriller Bullet Train. Lady Gaga_sentence_205

Artistry Lady Gaga_section_7

Influences Lady Gaga_section_8

Gaga grew up listening to artists such as Michael Jackson, the Beatles, Stevie Wonder, Queen, Bruce Springsteen, Pink Floyd, Mariah Carey, the Grateful Dead, Led Zeppelin, Whitney Houston, Elton John, Blondie and Garbage, who have all influenced her music. Lady Gaga_sentence_206

Gaga's musical inspiration varies from dance-pop singers such as Madonna and Michael Jackson to rock artists such as David Bowie and Freddie Mercury, as well as the theatrics of the pop artist Andy Warhol and her own performance roots in musical theater. Lady Gaga_sentence_207

She has been compared to Madonna, who has said that she sees herself reflected in Gaga. Lady Gaga_sentence_208

Gaga says that she wants to revolutionize pop music as Madonna has. Lady Gaga_sentence_209

Gaga has also cited heavy metal bands as an influence, specifically Iron Maiden, Black Sabbath and Marilyn Manson. Lady Gaga_sentence_210

She credits Beyoncé as a key inspiration to pursue a musical career. Lady Gaga_sentence_211

Gaga was inspired by her mother to be interested in fashion, which she now says is a major influence and integrated with her music. Lady Gaga_sentence_212

Stylistically, Gaga has been compared to Leigh Bowery, Isabella Blow, and Cher; she once commented that as a child, she absorbed Cher's fashion sense and made it her own. Lady Gaga_sentence_213

She considers Donatella Versace her muse and the British fashion designer Alexander McQueen as an inspiration. Lady Gaga_sentence_214

In turn, Versace calls Lady Gaga "the fresh Donatella". Lady Gaga_sentence_215

Gaga has also been influenced by Princess Diana, whom she has admired since her childhood. Lady Gaga_sentence_216

Gaga has called the Indian alternative medicine advocate Deepak Chopra a "true inspiration", and has also quoted Indian leader Osho's book Creativity on Twitter. Lady Gaga_sentence_217

Gaga says she was influenced by Osho's work in valuing rebellion through creativity and equality. Lady Gaga_sentence_218

Musical style and themes Lady Gaga_section_9

Critics have analyzed and scrutinized Gaga's musical and performance style, as she has experimented with new ideas and images throughout her career. Lady Gaga_sentence_219

She says the continual reinvention is "liberating" herself, which she has been drawn to since childhood. Lady Gaga_sentence_220

Gaga is a contralto with a range spanning from B♭2 to B5. Lady Gaga_sentence_221

She has changed her vocal style regularly, and considers Born This Way "much more vocally up to par with what I've always been capable of". Lady Gaga_sentence_222

In summing up her voice, Entertainment Weekly wrote: "There's an immense emotional intelligence behind the way she uses her voice. Lady Gaga_sentence_223

Almost never does she overwhelm a song with her vocal ability, recognizing instead that artistry is to be found in nuance rather than lung power." Lady Gaga_sentence_224

Gaga's songs have been called "depthless" by writer Camille Paglia in The Sunday Times, but according to Evan Sawdey of PopMatters, she "does manage to get you moving and grooving at an almost effortless pace". Lady Gaga_sentence_225

Gaga believes that "all good music can be played on a piano and still sound like a hit". Lady Gaga_sentence_226

Simon Reynolds wrote in 2010, "Everything about Gaga came from electroclash, except the music, which wasn't particularly 1980s, just ruthlessly catchy naughties pop glazed with Auto-Tune and undergirded with R&B-ish beats." Lady Gaga_sentence_227

Gaga's songs have covered a wide variety of concepts; The Fame discusses the lust for stardom, while the follow-up The Fame Monster expresses fame's dark side through monster metaphors. Lady Gaga_sentence_228

The Fame is an electropop and dance-pop album that has influences of 1980s pop and 1990s Europop, whereas The Fame Monster displays Gaga's taste for pastiche, drawing on "Seventies arena glam, perky ABBA disco, and sugary throwbacks like Stacey Q". Lady Gaga_sentence_229

Born This Way has lyrics in English, French, German, and Spanish and features themes common to Gaga's controversial songwriting such as sex, love, religion, money, drugs, identity, liberation, sexuality, freedom, and individualism. Lady Gaga_sentence_230

The album explores new genres, such as electronic rock and techno. Lady Gaga_sentence_231

The themes in Artpop revolve around Gaga's personal views of fame, love, sex, feminism, self-empowerment, overcoming addiction, and reactions to media scrutiny. Lady Gaga_sentence_232

Billboard describes Artpop as "coherently channeling R&B, techno, disco and rock music". Lady Gaga_sentence_233

With Cheek to Cheek, Gaga dabbled in the jazz genre. Lady Gaga_sentence_234

Joanne, exploring the genres of country, funk, pop, dance, rock, electronic music and folk, was influenced by her personal life. Lady Gaga_sentence_235

A Star Is Born contains elements of blues rock, country and bubblegum pop. Lady Gaga_sentence_236

Billboard says its lyrics are about wanting change, its struggle, love, romance, and bonding, describing the music as "timeless, emotional, gritty and earnest. Lady Gaga_sentence_237

They sound like songs written by artists who, quite frankly, are supremely messed up but hit to the core of the listener." Lady Gaga_sentence_238

On Chromatica, Gaga returned to her dance-pop roots, and discussed her struggles with mental health. Lady Gaga_sentence_239

Videos and stage Lady Gaga_section_10

See also: Lady Gaga videography and live performances Lady Gaga_sentence_240

Featuring constant costume changes and provocative visuals, Gaga's music videos are often described as short films. Lady Gaga_sentence_241

The video for "Telephone" earned Gaga the Guinness World Record for Most Product Placement in a Video. Lady Gaga_sentence_242

According to author Curtis Fogel, she explores bondage and sadomasochism and highlights prevalent feminist themes. Lady Gaga_sentence_243

The main themes of her music videos are sex, violence, and power. Lady Gaga_sentence_244

She calls herself "a little bit of a feminist" and asserts that she is "sexually empowering women". Lady Gaga_sentence_245

Billboard ranked her sixth on its list of "The 100 Greatest Music Video Artists of All Time" in 2020, stating that "the name 'Lady Gaga' will forever be synonymous with culture-shifting music videos." Lady Gaga_sentence_246

Gaga has called herself a perfectionist when it comes to her elaborate shows. Lady Gaga_sentence_247

Her performances have been described as "highly entertaining and innovative"; the blood-spurting performance of "Paparazzi" at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards was described as "eye-popping" by MTV News. Lady Gaga_sentence_248

She continued the blood-soaked theme during The Monster Ball Tour, causing protests in England from family groups and fans in the aftermath of the Cumbria shootings, in which a taxi driver had killed 12 people, then himself. Lady Gaga_sentence_249

At the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, Gaga appeared in drag as her male alter ego, Jo Calderone, and delivered a lovesick monologue before a performance of her song "You and I". Lady Gaga_sentence_250

As Gaga's choreographer and creative director, Laurieann Gibson provided material for her shows and videos for four years before she was replaced by her assistant Richard Jackson in 2014. Lady Gaga_sentence_251

In an article for Billboard by Rebecca Schiller in October 2018, the author traced back Gaga's videography from "Just Dance" till the release of A Star Is Born. Lady Gaga_sentence_252

Schiller noted how, following the Artpop era, Gaga's stripped-down approach to music was reflected in the clips for the singles from Joanne, taking the example of the music video of lead single "Perfect Illusion" where the singer "[ditched] the elaborate outfits for shorts and a tee-shirt as she performed the song at a desert party". Lady Gaga_sentence_253

It continued with her performances in the film as well as her stage persona. Lady Gaga_sentence_254

Public image Lady Gaga_section_11

Public reception of Gaga's music, fashion sense, and persona is polarized. Lady Gaga_sentence_255

Because of her influence on modern culture, and her rise to global fame, sociologist Mathieu Deflem of the University of South Carolina has offered a course titled "Lady Gaga and the Sociology of the Fame" since early 2011 with the objective of unraveling "some of the sociologically relevant dimensions of the fame of Lady Gaga". Lady Gaga_sentence_256

When Gaga met briefly with then-president Barack Obama at a Human Rights Campaign fundraiser, he found the interaction "intimidating" as she was dressed in 16-inch heels, making her the tallest woman in the room. Lady Gaga_sentence_257

When interviewed by Barbara Walters for her annual ABC News special 10 Most Fascinating People in 2009, Gaga dismissed the claim that she is intersex as an urban legend. Lady Gaga_sentence_258

Responding to a question on this issue, she expressed her fondness for androgyny. Lady Gaga_sentence_259

In a 2010 Sunday Times article, Camille Paglia called Gaga "more an identity thief than an erotic taboo breaker, a mainstream manufactured product who claims to be singing for the freaks, the rebellious and the dispossessed when she is none of those". Lady Gaga_sentence_260

Gaga's outlandish fashion sense has also served as an important aspect of her character. Lady Gaga_sentence_261

During her early career, members of the media compared her fashion choices to those of Christina Aguilera. Lady Gaga_sentence_262

In 2011, 121 women gathered at the Grammy Awards dressed in costumes similar to those worn by Gaga, earning the 2011 Guinness World Record for Largest Gathering of Lady Gaga Impersonators. Lady Gaga_sentence_263

The Global Language Monitor named "Lady Gaga" as the Top Fashion Buzzword with her trademark "no pants" a close third. Lady Gaga_sentence_264

Entertainment Weekly put her outfits on its end of the decade "best-of" list, saying that she "brought performance art into the mainstream". Lady Gaga_sentence_265

Time placed Gaga on their All-Time 100 Fashion Icons List, stating: "Lady Gaga is just as notorious for her outrageous style as she is for her pop hits ... [Gaga] has sported outfits made from plastic bubbles, Kermit the Frog dolls, and raw meat." Lady Gaga_sentence_266

Gaga wore a dress made of raw beef to the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards, which was supplemented by boots, a purse, and a hat also made out of raw beef. Lady Gaga_sentence_267

Partly awarded in recognition of the dress, Vogue named her one of the Best Dressed people of 2010 and Time named the dress the Fashion Statement of the year. Lady Gaga_sentence_268

It attracted the attention of worldwide media; the animal rights organization PETA found it offensive. Lady Gaga_sentence_269

The meat dress was displayed at the National Museum of Women in the Arts in 2012, and entered the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in September 2015. Lady Gaga_sentence_270

Gaga's fans call her "Mother Monster", and she often refers to them as "Little Monsters", a phrase which she had tattooed on herself in dedication. Lady Gaga_sentence_271

In his article "Lady Gaga Pioneered Online Fandom Culture As We Know It" for Vice, Jake Hall wrote that Gaga inspired several subsequent fan-brandings, such as those of Taylor Swift, Rihanna and Justin Bieber. Lady Gaga_sentence_272

In July 2012, Gaga also co-founded the social networking service, devoted to her fans. Lady Gaga_sentence_273

According to Guinness World Records, Gaga was the most followed person on Twitter in 2011, and the most followed female pop singer and the most powerful popstar in 2014. Lady Gaga_sentence_274

Forbes included Gaga on its Celebrity 100 from 2010 to 2015 and then from 2018 to 2020 and its list of the World's Most Powerful Women from 2010 to 2014. Lady Gaga_sentence_275

She earned $62 million, $90 million, $52 million, $80 million, $33 million, and $59 million from 2010 through 2015, and $50 million, $39 million and $38 million between 2018 and 2020. Lady Gaga_sentence_276

She was named one of the most influential people in the world by Time magazine in 2010 and 2019, and ranked second in most influential people of the past ten years in a Time magazine readers' poll in 2013. Lady Gaga_sentence_277

In March 2012, Gaga was ranked fourth on Billboard's list of top moneymakers of 2011 with earnings of $25 million, which included sales from Born This Way and her Monster Ball Tour. Lady Gaga_sentence_278

The following year, she topped Forbes' List of Top-Earning Celebs Under 30, and in February 2016, the magazine estimated Gaga's net worth to be $275 million. Lady Gaga_sentence_279

In December 2019, Gaga placed 10th on Forbes' list of Top-Earning Musicians Of The Decade with earnings of $500 million in the 2010s; she was the fourth highest-earning female musician on the list. Lady Gaga_sentence_280

Activism Lady Gaga_section_12

Philanthropy Lady Gaga_section_13

After declining an invitation to appear on the single "We Are the World 25" (because of rehearsals for her tour) to benefit victims of the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Gaga donated the proceeds of her January 2010 Radio City Music Hall concert to the country's reconstruction relief fund. Lady Gaga_sentence_281

All profits from her online store that day were also donated, and Gaga announced that $500,000 was collected for the fund. Lady Gaga_sentence_282

Hours after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami hit Japan, Gaga tweeted a link to Japan Prayer Bracelets. Lady Gaga_sentence_283

All revenue from a bracelet she designed in conjunction with the company was donated to relief efforts; these raised $1.5 million. Lady Gaga_sentence_284

In June 2011, Gaga performed at MTV Japan's charity show in Makuhari Messe, which benefited the Japanese Red Cross. Lady Gaga_sentence_285

In 2012, Gaga joined the campaign group Artists Against Fracking. Lady Gaga_sentence_286

That October, Yoko Ono gave Gaga and four other activists the LennonOno Grant for Peace in Reykjavík, Iceland. Lady Gaga_sentence_287

The following month, Gaga pledged to donate $1 million to the American Red Cross to help the victims of Hurricane Sandy. Lady Gaga_sentence_288

Gaga also contributes in the fight against HIV and AIDS, focusing on educating young women about the risks of the disease. Lady Gaga_sentence_289

In collaboration with Cyndi Lauper, Gaga joined forces with MAC Cosmetics to launch a line of lipstick under their supplementary cosmetic line, Viva Glam. Lady Gaga_sentence_290

Sales have raised more than $202 million to fight HIV and AIDS. Lady Gaga_sentence_291

In April 2016, Gaga joined Vice President Joe Biden at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas to support Biden's It's On Us campaign as he traveled to colleges on behalf of the organization, which has seen 250,000 students from more than 530 colleges sign a pledge of solidarity and activism. Lady Gaga_sentence_292

Two months later, Gaga attended the 84th Annual US Conference of Mayors in Indianapolis where she joined with the Dalai Lama to talk about the power of kindness and how to make the world a more compassionate place. Lady Gaga_sentence_293

Due to her meeting with Dalai Lama, the Chinese government added Gaga to a list of hostile foreign forces, and Chinese websites and media organizations were ordered to stop uploading or distributing her songs. Lady Gaga_sentence_294

The Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China (CCPPD) also issued an order for state-controlled media to condemn this meeting. Lady Gaga_sentence_295

In April 2020, Gaga curated the televised benefit concert, One World: Together at Home, a collaboration with Global Citizen to benefit the World Health Organization's COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund. Lady Gaga_sentence_296

The special raised $127 million, which according to Forbes "puts it on par with the other legendary fundraiser, Live Aid, as the highest grossing charity concert in history." Lady Gaga_sentence_297

Born This Way Foundation Lady Gaga_section_14

Main article: Born This Way Foundation Lady Gaga_sentence_298

In 2012, Gaga launched the Born This Way Foundation (BTWF), a non-profit organization that focuses on youth empowerment. Lady Gaga_sentence_299

It takes its name from her 2011 single and album. Lady Gaga_sentence_300

Media proprietor Oprah Winfrey, writer Deepak Chopra, and US Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius spoke at the foundation's inauguration at Harvard University. Lady Gaga_sentence_301

The foundation's original funding included $1.2 million from Gaga, $500,000 from the MacArthur Foundation, and $850,000 from Barneys New York. Lady Gaga_sentence_302

In July 2012, the BTWF partnered with Office Depot, which donated 25% of the sales, a minimum of $1 million of a series of limited edition back-to-school products. Lady Gaga_sentence_303

The foundation's initiatives have included the "Born Brave Bus" that followed her on tour as a youth drop-in center as an initiative against bullying. Lady Gaga_sentence_304

In October 2015, at the Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence, Gaga joined 200 high school students, policy makers, and academic officials, including Peter Salovey, to discuss ways to recognize and channel emotions for positive outcomes. Lady Gaga_sentence_305

In 2016, the foundation partnered with Intel, Vox Media, and Re/code to fight online harassment. Lady Gaga_sentence_306

The sales revenue of the 99th issue of the V magazine, which featured Gaga and Kinney, was donated to the foundation. Lady Gaga_sentence_307

Gaga and Elton John released the clothing and accessories line Love Bravery at Macy's in May. Lady Gaga_sentence_308

25% of each purchase support Gaga's foundation and the Elton John AIDS Foundation. Lady Gaga_sentence_309

Gaga partnered with Starbucks for a week in June 2017 with the "Cups of Kindness" campaign, where the company donated 25 cents from some of the beverages sold to the foundation. Lady Gaga_sentence_310

She also appeared in a video by Staples Inc. to raise funds for the foundation and Lady Gaga_sentence_311

On the 2018 World Kindness Day, Gaga partnered with the foundation to bring food and relief to a Red Cross shelter for people who have been forced to evacuate homes due to the California wildfires. Lady Gaga_sentence_312

The foundation also partnered with Starbucks and SoulCycle to thank California firefighters for their relief work during the crisis. Lady Gaga_sentence_313

The singer had to previously evacuate her own home during the Woolsey Fire which spread through parts of Malibu. Lady Gaga_sentence_314

In March 2019, she penned a letter to supporters of the Born This Way Foundation, announcing the launch of a new pilot program for a teen mental health first aid project with the National Council for Behavioral Health. Lady Gaga_sentence_315

Gaga revealed her personal struggles with mental health in her letter and how she was able to get support which saved her life: "I know what it means to have someone support me and understand what I'm going through, and every young person in the world should have someone to turn to when they're hurting. Lady Gaga_sentence_316

It saved my life, and it will save theirs." Lady Gaga_sentence_317

On September 22, 2020, Gaga released an anthology book, Channel Kindness: Stories of Kindness and Community, featuring fifty-one stories about kindness, bravery, and resilience from young people all over the world collected by the Born This Way Foundation, and introduced by herself. Lady Gaga_sentence_318

She had been promoting it with a 21 days of kindness challenge on her social medias, using the "BeKind21" hashtag. Lady Gaga_sentence_319

LGBT advocacy Lady Gaga_section_15

Gaga is a bisexual woman and actively supports LGBT rights worldwide. Lady Gaga_sentence_320

She attributes much of her early success as a mainstream artist to her gay fans and is considered a gay icon. Lady Gaga_sentence_321

Early in her career she had difficulty getting radio airplay, and stated, "The turning point for me was the gay community." Lady Gaga_sentence_322

She thanked FlyLife, a Manhattan-based LGBT marketing company with whom her label Interscope works, in the liner notes of The Fame. Lady Gaga_sentence_323

One of her first televised performances was in May 2008 at the NewNowNext Awards, an awards show aired by the LGBT television network Logo. Lady Gaga_sentence_324

Gaga spoke at the 2009 National Equality March in Washington in support of the LGBT movement. Lady Gaga_sentence_325

She attended the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards accompanied by four gay and lesbian former members of the United States Armed Forces who had been unable to serve openly under the US military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy, which banned open homosexuality in the military. Lady Gaga_sentence_326

Gaga urged her fans via YouTube to contact their senators in an effort to overturn the policy. Lady Gaga_sentence_327

In September 2010, she spoke at a Servicemembers Legal Defense Network's rally in Portland, Maine. Lady Gaga_sentence_328

Following this event, The Advocate named her a "fierce advocate" for gays and lesbians. Lady Gaga_sentence_329

Gaga appeared at Europride, an international event dedicated to LGBT pride, in Rome in June 2011. Lady Gaga_sentence_330

She criticized the poor state of gay rights in many European countries and described gay people as "revolutionaries of love". Lady Gaga_sentence_331

Gaga was ordained as a minister by the Universal Life Church Monastery so that she could officiate the wedding of two female friends. Lady Gaga_sentence_332

In June 2016, during a vigil held in Los Angeles for victims of the attack at the gay nightclub Pulse in Orlando, Gaga read aloud the names of the 49 people killed in the attack, and gave a speech. Lady Gaga_sentence_333

Later that month, Gaga appeared in Human Rights Campaign's tribute video to the victims of the attack. Lady Gaga_sentence_334

She has opposed the presidency of Donald Trump and deplored his military transgender ban. Lady Gaga_sentence_335

She supported former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton for president in 2016. Lady Gaga_sentence_336

In 2018, a leaked memo from Trump's office revealed that his administration wanted to change the legal definition of sex in order to exclude transgender Americans. Lady Gaga_sentence_337

Gaga was one of the many celebrities to call him out and spread the #WontBeErased campaign to her 77 million Twitter followers. Lady Gaga_sentence_338

In January 2019, during one of her Enigma shows, she criticized Vice President Mike Pence for his wife Karen Pence working at an evangelical Christian school where LGBTQ people are turned away, calling him "the worst representation of what it means to be a Christian". Lady Gaga_sentence_339

Gaga also stated "I am a Christian woman, and what I do know about Christianity is that we bear no prejudice, and everybody is welcome". Lady Gaga_sentence_340

Impact Lady Gaga_section_16

Gaga was named the "Queen of Pop" in a 2011 ranking by Rolling Stone based on record sales and social media metrics. Lady Gaga_sentence_341

In 2012, she ranked fourth in VH1's Greatest Women in Music and became a feature of the temporary exhibition The Elevated. Lady Gaga_sentence_342

From the Pharaoh to Lady Gaga, which marked the 150th anniversary of the National Museum in Warsaw. Lady Gaga_sentence_343

Gaga has been often regarded as a trailblazer for utilizing controversy to bring attention to various issues. Lady Gaga_sentence_344

According to Frankie Graddon of The Independent, Gaga—who wore a meat dress to highlight her distaste for the US military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy—influenced protest dressing on red carpet. Lady Gaga_sentence_345

Because of The Fame's success—it was listed as one of the 100 Greatest Debut Albums of All-Time by Rolling Stone in 2013—Gaga has been credited as one of the artists that popularized synthpop in the late 2000s and early 2010s. Lady Gaga_sentence_346

Scott Hardy, CEO of Polaroid, praised Gaga for inspiring fans and for her close interactions with them on social media. Lady Gaga_sentence_347

According to Kelefa Sanneh of The New Yorker, "Lady Gaga blazed a trail for truculent pop stars by treating her own celebrity as an evolving art project." Lady Gaga_sentence_348

Including Born This Way as one of the 50 best female albums of all time, Rolling Stone's Rob Sheffield considers it "hard to remember a world where we didn't have Gaga, although we're pretty sure it was a lot more boring." Lady Gaga_sentence_349

In 2015, Time also noted that Gaga had "practically invented the current era of pop music as spectacle." Lady Gaga_sentence_350

Her work has influenced artists including Miley Cyrus, Nicki Minaj, Ellie Goulding, Halsey, Jennifer Lopez, Nick Jonas, Sam Smith, Noah Cyrus, Katherine Langford, MGMT, Allie X, Greyson Chance, Taylor Swift, Cardi B, Rina Sawayama, and Blackpink. Lady Gaga_sentence_351

A new genus of ferns, Gaga, and three species, G. germanotta, G. monstraparva and Kaikaia gaga, have been named in her honor. Lady Gaga_sentence_352

The name monstraparva alluded to Gaga's fans, known as Little Monsters, since their symbol is the outstretched "monster claw" hand, which resembles a tightly rolled young fern leaf prior to unfurling. Lady Gaga_sentence_353

Gaga also has an extinct mammal, Gagadon minimonstrum, and a parasitic wasp, Aleiodes gaga, named for her. Lady Gaga_sentence_354

Achievements Lady Gaga_section_17

See also: List of awards and nominations received by Lady Gaga Lady Gaga_sentence_355

Gaga has won 11 Grammy Awards, an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award, three Brit Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, eighteen MTV Video Music Awards, various Guinness World Records, and the inaugural Songwriters Hall of Fame's Contemporary Icon Award. Lady Gaga_sentence_356

She received a National Arts Awards' Young Artist Award, which honors individuals who have shown accomplishments and leadership early in their career, and she won the Jane Ortner Artist Award from the Grammy Museum in 2016. Lady Gaga_sentence_357

Gaga has also been recognized by the Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) with the Fashion Icon award, and was a finalist for The Advocate's Person of the Year in 2016. Lady Gaga_sentence_358

In 2019, she became the first woman to win an Academy Award, a Grammy Award, a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe Award in one year for her contribution to A Star Is Born's soundtrack. Lady Gaga_sentence_359

Gaga is one of the world's best-selling music artists, with estimated sales of 124 million records as of 2014, and has produced some of the best-selling singles of all time. Lady Gaga_sentence_360

She has grossed more than $512.3 million in revenue from concert tours and residencies, becoming the fifth woman to pass the half-billion total as reported to Billboard Boxscore. Lady Gaga_sentence_361

Gaga has consecutively appeared on Billboard magazine's Artists of the Year (scoring the definitive title in 2010), and ranked 11th on its Top Artists of the 2010s chart. Lady Gaga_sentence_362

Named Woman of the Year in 2015, she is the eighth top digital singles artist in the US, with 83 million equivalent units certified according to Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Lady Gaga_sentence_363

She was the first woman to receive the Digital Diamond Award certification from RIAA, one of three artists with at least two Diamond certified songs ("Bad Romance" and "Poker Face"), and the first and only artist to have two songs pass seven million downloads ("Poker Face" and "Just Dance"). Lady Gaga_sentence_364

Discography Lady Gaga_section_18

Main articles: Lady Gaga discography and List of songs recorded by Lady Gaga Lady Gaga_sentence_365

Lady Gaga_unordered_list_0

Tours and residencies Lady Gaga_section_19

See also: List of Lady Gaga live performances Lady Gaga_sentence_366

Headlining concerts Lady Gaga_section_20

Lady Gaga_unordered_list_1

Collaborative concerts Lady Gaga_section_21

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Promotional concerts Lady Gaga_section_22

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Concert residencies Lady Gaga_section_23

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Filmography Lady Gaga_section_24

Main article: Lady Gaga videography Lady Gaga_sentence_367

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See also Lady Gaga_section_25

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Gaga.