Lamedh

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Lamedh_table_infobox_0

← Kaph Lamedh Mem →Lamedh_header_cell_0_0_0
PhoenicianLamedh_header_cell_0_1_0 Lamedh_cell_0_1_1
HebrewLamedh_header_cell_0_2_0 ל‎Lamedh_cell_0_2_1
AramaicLamedh_header_cell_0_3_0 Lamedh_cell_0_3_1
SyriacLamedh_header_cell_0_4_0 ܠLamedh_cell_0_4_1
ArabicLamedh_header_cell_0_5_0 لLamedh_cell_0_5_1
Phonemic representationLamedh_header_cell_0_6_0 l, ɫLamedh_cell_0_6_1
Position in alphabetLamedh_header_cell_0_7_0 12Lamedh_cell_0_7_1
Numerical valueLamedh_header_cell_0_8_0 30Lamedh_cell_0_8_1
Alphabetic derivatives of the PhoenicianLamedh_header_cell_0_9_0
GreekLamedh_header_cell_0_10_0 ΛLamedh_cell_0_10_1
LatinLamedh_header_cell_0_11_0 LLamedh_cell_0_11_1
CyrillicLamedh_header_cell_0_12_0 ЛLamedh_cell_0_12_1

Lamedh or Lamed is the twelfth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Lāmed , Hebrew 'Lāmed ל, Aramaic Lāmadh , Syriac Lāmaḏ ܠ, and Arabic Lām ل. Lamedh_sentence_0

Its sound value is l. Lamedh_sentence_1

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Lambda (Λ), Latin L, and Cyrillic El (Л). Lamedh_sentence_2

Origin Lamedh_section_0

The letter is usually considered to have originated from the representation of a goad, i.e. a cattle prod, or a shepherd's stick, i.e. a pastoral staff. Lamedh_sentence_3

Hebrew Lamed Lamedh_section_1

Lamedh_table_general_1

Orthographic variantsLamedh_header_cell_1_0_0
Various print fontsLamedh_header_cell_1_1_0 Cursive HebrewLamedh_header_cell_1_1_3 Rashi scriptLamedh_header_cell_1_1_4
SerifLamedh_header_cell_1_2_0 Sans-serifLamedh_header_cell_1_2_1 MonospacedLamedh_header_cell_1_2_2
לLamedh_cell_1_3_0 לLamedh_cell_1_3_1 לLamedh_cell_1_3_2 Lamedh_cell_1_3_3 Lamedh_cell_1_3_4

Hebrew spelling: לָמֶד Lamedh_sentence_4

Pronunciation Lamedh_section_2

Lamed transcribes as an alveolar lateral approximant /l/. Lamedh_sentence_5

Significance Lamedh_section_3

Lamed in gematria represents the number 30. Lamedh_sentence_6

With the letter Vav it refers to the Lamedvavniks, the 36 righteous people who save the world from destruction. Lamedh_sentence_7

As an abbreviation, it can stand for litre. Lamedh_sentence_8

Also, a sign on a car with a Lamed on it means that the driver is a student of driving (the Lamed stands for lomed, learner). Lamedh_sentence_9

It is also used as the Electoral symbol for the Yisrael Beiteinu party. Lamedh_sentence_10

As a prefix, it can have two purposes: Lamedh_sentence_11

Lamedh_unordered_list_0

  • It can be attached to verb roots, designating the infinitive (Daber means "speak", Ledaber means to speak).Lamedh_item_0_0
  • It can also act as a preposition meaning "to" or "for".Lamedh_item_0_1

Arabic lām Lamedh_section_4

The letter is named lām, and is written in several ways depending on its position in the word: Lamedh_sentence_12

Lamedh_table_general_2

Position in word:Lamedh_header_cell_2_0_0 IsolatedLamedh_header_cell_2_0_1 FinalLamedh_header_cell_2_0_2 MedialLamedh_header_cell_2_0_3 InitialLamedh_header_cell_2_0_4
Glyph form:

(Help)Lamedh_header_cell_2_1_0

ل‎Lamedh_cell_2_1_1 ـل‎Lamedh_cell_2_1_2 ـلـ‎Lamedh_cell_2_1_3 لـ‎Lamedh_cell_2_1_4

Some examples on its uses in Modern Standard Arabic. Lamedh_sentence_13

(Normally, diacritics are not written): Lamedh_sentence_14

Lām is used as a prefix in two different ways. Lamedh_sentence_15

Lām-kasra (لـِ, /li/) is essentially a preposition meaning "to" or "for", as in لِوالدي liwālidī, "for my father". Lamedh_sentence_16

In this usage, it has become concatenated with other words to form new constructions often treated as independent words: for instance, لِماذا limāḏā, meaning "why? Lamedh_sentence_17

", is derived from لـِ li and ماذا māḏā, meaning "what?" Lamedh_sentence_18

thus getting "for what?". Lamedh_sentence_19

A semantically equivalent construction is found in most Romance languages, e.g. French pourquoi, Spanish por qué, and Italian perché (though ché is an archaism and not in current use). Lamedh_sentence_20

The other construction, lām-fatḥa (لَـ /la/) is used as an emphatic particle in very formal Arabic and in certain fixed constructions, such as لَقد laqad (itself an emphatic particle for past-tense verbs) and in the conditional structure لو...لَـ law...la, effectively one of the forms of if...then.... Lamedh_sentence_21

Character encodings Lamedh_section_5

Lamedh_table_general_3

Character informationLamedh_table_caption_3
PreviewLamedh_header_cell_3_0_0 לLamedh_header_cell_3_0_1 لLamedh_header_cell_3_0_3 ܠLamedh_header_cell_3_0_5 Lamedh_header_cell_3_0_7
Unicode nameLamedh_cell_3_1_0 HEBREW LETTER LAMEDLamedh_cell_3_1_1 ARABIC LETTER LAMLamedh_cell_3_1_3 SYRIAC LETTER LAMADHLamedh_cell_3_1_5 SAMARITAN LETTER LABATLamedh_cell_3_1_7
EncodingsLamedh_header_cell_3_2_0 decimalLamedh_header_cell_3_2_1 hexLamedh_header_cell_3_2_2 decimalLamedh_header_cell_3_2_3 hexLamedh_header_cell_3_2_4 decimalLamedh_header_cell_3_2_5 hexLamedh_header_cell_3_2_6 decimalLamedh_header_cell_3_2_7 hexLamedh_header_cell_3_2_8
UnicodeLamedh_cell_3_3_0 1500Lamedh_cell_3_3_1 U+05DCLamedh_cell_3_3_2 1604Lamedh_cell_3_3_3 U+0644Lamedh_cell_3_3_4 1824Lamedh_cell_3_3_5 U+0720Lamedh_cell_3_3_6 2059Lamedh_cell_3_3_7 U+080BLamedh_cell_3_3_8
UTF-8Lamedh_cell_3_4_0 215 156Lamedh_cell_3_4_1 D7 9CLamedh_cell_3_4_2 217 132Lamedh_cell_3_4_3 D9 84Lamedh_cell_3_4_4 220 160Lamedh_cell_3_4_5 DC A0Lamedh_cell_3_4_6 224 160 139Lamedh_cell_3_4_7 E0 A0 8BLamedh_cell_3_4_8
Numeric character referenceLamedh_cell_3_5_0 לLamedh_cell_3_5_1 לLamedh_cell_3_5_2 لLamedh_cell_3_5_3 لLamedh_cell_3_5_4 ܠLamedh_cell_3_5_5 ܠLamedh_cell_3_5_6 Lamedh_cell_3_5_7 Lamedh_cell_3_5_8

Lamedh_table_general_4

Character informationLamedh_table_caption_4
PreviewLamedh_header_cell_4_0_0 𐎍Lamedh_header_cell_4_0_1 𐡋Lamedh_header_cell_4_0_3 𐤋Lamedh_header_cell_4_0_5
Unicode nameLamedh_cell_4_1_0 UGARITIC LETTER LAMDALamedh_cell_4_1_1 IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER LAMEDHLamedh_cell_4_1_3 PHOENICIAN LETTER LEMDALamedh_cell_4_1_5
EncodingsLamedh_header_cell_4_2_0 decimalLamedh_header_cell_4_2_1 hexLamedh_header_cell_4_2_2 decimalLamedh_header_cell_4_2_3 hexLamedh_header_cell_4_2_4 decimalLamedh_header_cell_4_2_5 hexLamedh_header_cell_4_2_6
UnicodeLamedh_cell_4_3_0 66445Lamedh_cell_4_3_1 U+1038DLamedh_cell_4_3_2 67659Lamedh_cell_4_3_3 U+1084BLamedh_cell_4_3_4 67851Lamedh_cell_4_3_5 U+1090BLamedh_cell_4_3_6
UTF-8Lamedh_cell_4_4_0 240 144 142 141Lamedh_cell_4_4_1 F0 90 8E 8DLamedh_cell_4_4_2 240 144 161 139Lamedh_cell_4_4_3 F0 90 A1 8BLamedh_cell_4_4_4 240 144 164 139Lamedh_cell_4_4_5 F0 90 A4 8BLamedh_cell_4_4_6
UTF-16Lamedh_cell_4_5_0 55296 57229Lamedh_cell_4_5_1 D800 DF8DLamedh_cell_4_5_2 55298 56395Lamedh_cell_4_5_3 D802 DC4BLamedh_cell_4_5_4 55298 56587Lamedh_cell_4_5_5 D802 DD0BLamedh_cell_4_5_6
Numeric character referenceLamedh_cell_4_6_0 𐎍Lamedh_cell_4_6_1 𐎍Lamedh_cell_4_6_2 𐡋Lamedh_cell_4_6_3 𐡋Lamedh_cell_4_6_4 𐤋Lamedh_cell_4_6_5 𐤋Lamedh_cell_4_6_6


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamedh.